Backward Chaining of the Olympic Lifts
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Backward Chaining of the Olympic Lifts

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Revolutionary way of teaching the Olympic Lifts to athletes. Presenter at the Symposium of Strength, Nashua, NH 09/2008

Revolutionary way of teaching the Olympic Lifts to athletes. Presenter at the Symposium of Strength, Nashua, NH 09/2008

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  • www.backwardchaining.com

Backward Chaining of the Olympic Lifts Backward Chaining of the Olympic Lifts Presentation Transcript

  • Backward Chaining of the Olympic Lifts Chris Blake,MA,LATC,CSCS
  • The Everyday of A Strength & Conditioning Coach
    • Coach Goals/Objectives
    • Your Goals/Objectives
    • Lack of Training Experience (Freshman)
    • Past and Current Injuries
    • Time Devoted To Training
    • Equipment Availability
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • Factoring In the OL’s
    • You Want and Need your athletes to do the OL’s
      • Teaching OL’s Can Be Challenging
      • Time….Why You Punish Me?
    • The Athlete’s Perspective: “This Stuff Is Weird!”
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • The Traditional Teaching Style
    • Logical Progression: From Initiation To Completion.
    • Specific Start To Finish.
    • “ Forward Chaining” Style
    • Deadlift, RDL, Power Shrug, Scoop into Front Squat, Catching.
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • Traditional Teaching Style www.backwardchaining.com
  • 6 –Step Progression Model for Teaching the Hang Power Clean
    • Hang Position (RDL)
    • Catch Position (Front Squat)
    • Power Shrug
    • Power Shrug + Row
    • Power Shrug + Row + Catch
    • Power Shrug + Catch
    • Hang Power Clean
    • James Duba, CSCS, William J. Kraemer, PhD, CSCS, FNSCA, Gerard Martin, MA,CSCS,*D University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT
    • NSCA; Vol. 29, Number 5, Pages 26-35.
    www.nsca-lift.org www.backwardchaining.com
  • Traditional Teaching Style Downfalls
    • Learning becomes more difficult as the progression advances.
    • Mental work is required of the learner.
    • Interference and thinking reduces the learning rate.
    • Emotional issues further retard performance improvements.
    • RETENTION IS REDUCED!!!
    • Rushall, B. S., & Ford, D. (1982). Teaching backwards - An alternate skill instruction progression. CAHPER Journal, 48(5), 16-20
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • Backward Chaining?
    • Rehabilitation World:
    • Backward Pedaling Increased Knee ROM Faster.
    • Walking Backwards Improved Knee Extension with Gait.
    • Backstep Lunges Improved Forward Lunges.
    • Business Planning/Info:
    • Establish The Vision, Work Backward From There to Current Day.
    • Customer Service.
    • Marketing
    • Creating Training Systems
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • Backward Chaining?
    • Military Planning
    • Computer Software Troubleshooting
    • Electrical Engineering
    • Medical School
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • Definition of Backward Chaining
    • The process in rule-based systems that constructs a hypothesis, then tests it by working backward through the rules to see if the hypothesis is supported.
    • The strategy of teaching tasks in reverse of the order in which they are done on the job.
    • a form of reasoning that starts with the conclusion and works backward. The goal is broken into many subgoals or sub-subgoals which can be solved more easily. Known as top-down approach.
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • Where Is It In The Literature?
    • “ Altering and Improving Swimming Technique Using A Reverse Teaching Progression”[An abridged version of Sherman, C.A., & Rushall, B.S. (1993). Improving swimming stroke using reverse teaching: a case study”. In W.K. Simpson, A.D. LeUnes, & J.S. Picou, (Eds.), Applied research in coaching and athletics annual 1993 . Boston, MA: American Press.]
    • “ Reverse Teaching Progressions”[An abridged version of Sherman, C.A., & Rushall, B.S. (1993). Improving swimming stroke using reverse teaching: a case study. In W.K. Simpson, A.D. LeUnes, & J.S. Picou, (Eds.), Applied research in coaching and athletics annual 1993 . Boston, MA: American Press.]
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • Where Is It In The Literature?
    • “ Virtual Reality Simulation for the Operating Room”Proficiency-Based Training as a Paradigm Shift in Surgical Skills Training”, Gallagher, A.G, Ritter, E.M (MD); Champion, H. (MD); Higgins, G. (MD); Fried, M.P. (MD); Moses, G.; Smith, C.D. (MD); Satava, R.M. (MD): Annals of Surgery; Vol. 241 (2), February 2005; pp. 364-372.􀁺
    • “ Teaching Backwards-An Alternative Skill Instruction Progression”Modified version of Rushall, B.S., & Ford, D. (1982). CAHPER Journal, 48(5), 16-20.􀁺
    • “ Comparison Between Forward Chaining and Backward Chaining Techniques in Children with Mental Retardation”, Batra, M., & Batra, V.; The Indian Journal of Occupational Therapy: Vol. XXXVII: No. 3 (December 2005-March 2006. pp. 57-63.
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • How I Applied The Backward Chaining Concept
    • Find Out What Kind of A Learner Your Athlete Is!
    • Visual Learners: See demonstration or written.
    • Auditory Learners: Learns best with sound; coaching with verbal instruction.
    • Kinesthetic Learners: Needs to perform what is being taught
    • Combination Learners: Any combination of the above.
    • (Developmental Essentials, Official Textbook of the IYCA Development Essentials Coaching System, pp46-47)
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • In The Trenches
    • Division I Field Hockey Team
      • January: Start of Off-season Training Program.
      • 16-24 female athletes.
      • No prior OL training or coaching.
      • 4 OL Platforms with Bumper Plates.
      • Based on learning styles, grouped athletes together with similar learning backgrounds.
      • Started with teaching Hang Cleans first year.
      • Moved to Snatch Cleans the following year.
      • 8 weeks, 3 times a week Basic Training.
      • Supplemental Exs(RDLs, Overhead Squats, Front Squats, Shrugs, etc….).
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • 4-Step Progression of the Hang Clean
    • Front Squat Position
      • Keep Elbows Up
      • Rest Bar On Shoulders
      • Chest Out and Upright
    • Front Squat
      • Perform ¼ Front Squat
      • Keep Elbows Up
      • Chest Out and Upright
      • Look Straight Ahead
      • Weight On The Heels
      • Sitting Back
    • Critical Point of the Hang Power Clean is the Catch!!!
    www.nsca-lift.org www.backwardchaining.com
  • 4-Step Progression of the Hang Power Clean
    • 2. Power Shrug
      • Triple Extension
      • Driving Feet Through the Floor
      • Keep Bar Close to the Body
      • Shrug and Heel Raise Timed Together at the Same Time
      • NO PULLING
      • NO ROWING
      • NO ARM USE (except to hold onto the bar!!!)
    www.crossfit.com www.backwardchaining.com
  • 4-Step Progression of the Hang Power Clean
    • 3. RDL into Power Shrug
      • Feet Shoulder-Width Apart
      • Feet Pointing Straight Ahead
      • Keep Chest Up, “Big Chest”
      • Push Hips Backward As You Lower The Bar
      • Keep Back Flat and Strong
      • No Knee Bending, Should All Be From The Hips (Hip Check, J-Lo, Duck Butt)
      • Move From RDL Position To Upright, Full Extension.
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/56708643@N00/371469186/ www.backwardchaining.com
  • 4-Step Progression of the Hang Power Clean
    • 4. Romanian Dead Lift
      • Feet Shoulder-Width Apart
      • Feet Pointing Straight Ahead
      • Keep Chest Up, “Big Chest”
      • Push Hips Backward As You Lower The Bar
      • Keep Back Flat and Strong
      • No Knee Bending, Should All Be From The Hips (Hip Check, J-Lo, Duck Butt)
      • Should Feel Stretch In Hamstrings
    www.protraineronline.com www.backwardchaining.com
  • 5-Step Progression of the Power Clean
    • Same Progression of the Hang Power Clean
    • 5. Just Add A Deadlift From The Floor As The Last Thing To Teach.
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • 4-Step Progression of the Jerk (Clean & Jerk)
    • Overhead Holds
      • Stand with Bar Held Overhead
    • Split Lunge Jumps
      • Without Bar
      • Get the Feel For Foot Placement and Balance.
    • Split Lunge with Overhead Holds
      • Increase Comfort Level
      • Foot Placement and Balance
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • 4-Step Progression Jerk Continued….
    • 4. Front Squat (Catch Position of the Cleans)
    www.nsca-lift.org http://www.flickr.com/photos/56708643@N00/371469186/ www.backwardchaining.com
  • 6-Step Progression of the Snatch Cleans
    • Stand With Bar Overhead (Snatch Grip)
      • Holding Bar In Snatch Position
      • Elbows Locked In Extension
      • Bar Positioned Directly Overhead or Just Slightly Behind Head (inline with center of body)
      • Get Feel of Where Bar Should Be Positioned When Catching
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • 6-Step Progression of the Snatch Cleans
    • 2. Overhead Squat Holds
      • Bar Held In Snatch Grip Position
      • Bar Held In-line
      • Progress Into Overhead Squat and Hold For A Period of Time
      • Get ROM
      • Get Comfort Level Established
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • 6-Step Progression of the Snatch Cleans
    • 3. Overhead Squats
      • Bar Held Overhead In Snatch Position
      • Keeping Bar In Position, Drop Into Squat
      • Look For Position and Technique Breakdown
    Crossfit.com www.backwardchaining.com
  • 6-Step Progression of the Snatch Cleans
    • 4. Power Shrug with Snatch Grip
      • Just Like Power Shrug During Hang Power Clean
      • Triple Extension
      • Driving Feet Through the Floor
      • Keep Bar Close to the Body
      • Shrug and Heel Raise Timed Together at the Same Time
      • NO PULLING
      • NO ROWING
      • NO ARM USE (except to hold onto the bar!!!)
    www.throw1deep.com www.backwardchaining.com
  • 6-Step Progression of the Snatch Cleans
    • 5. Romanian Deadlift with Snatch Grip
      • Feet Shoulder-Width Apart
      • Feet Pointing Straight Ahead
      • Keep Chest Up, “Big Chest”
      • Push Hips Backward As You Lower The Bar
      • Keep Back Flat and Strong
      • No Knee Bending, Should All Be From The Hips (Hip Check, J-Lo, Duck Butt)
      • Should Feel Stretch In Hamstrings
    Crossfit.com www.backwardchaining.com
  • 6-Step Progression of the Snatch Cleans
    • 6. Deadlift With Snatch Grip
      • Pulling From Floor
      • Feet Shoulder-Width Apart
      • Toes Pointing Straight Ahead
      • Chest Up, Head Up…But Looking Straight Ahead
      • Drive Feet/Legs Through The Floor As You Lift Weight Off Floor.
    www.crossfitnyc.org www.backwardchaining.com
  • Benefits of Backward Chaining
    • Easier to Teach
    • Takes Less Time To Teach
    • Athletes Report Better Training Response To Program (Buying into the system)
    • Athletes training memory improved: Allowing the coach to do more intense teaching, coaching, and training!
    www.backwardchaining.com
  • Thank You www.proathletictraining.org www.backwardchaining.com www.backwardchaining.com