Irish immigration


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A presentation for a 10th grade Social Studies Class.

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Irish immigration

  1. 1. Irish Immigration<br />To America in the 1800’s<br />
  2. 2. Most Irish people lived in poverty and two-thirds of the Irish were dependent upon agriculture as a source of income.<br />
  3. 3. Most of the land in Ireland was owned by English landlords.<br />
  4. 4. Landlords planted crops to be harvested and sold in England.<br />
  5. 5. In the mid 1840’s a European potato blight swept across Ireland which caused crop failures across the country. <br />
  6. 6. The first mention of a famine appeared in newspapers in September of 1845. <br />
  7. 7. The 1845 Potato Blight was not the first famine, but the culmination of five years of crop failures.<br />
  8. 8. The Long Night of Sorrow, landlords and gentry, now deeper in debt than ever, forcibly ejected remaining tenants, then pulled down their houses to save on taxes. <br />
  9. 9. Population in Ireland due to starvation and immigration declinedfrom 8.1 million in 1841 to 4.7 million in 1891.<br />
  10. 10. Immigrants were packed into “coffin” ships bound for ports in English speaking countries. <br />
  11. 11. Thousands died in the long journey across the Atlantic due to disease and starvation. Their bodies were thrown overboard. <br />
  12. 12. Between 1820 and 1860, the Irish composed over one-third of all arrivals in America.<br />
  13. 13. Many immigrants found themselves unprepared for industrialized, urban centers. Most were destitute – forced to settle in ports of debarkation. <br />
  14. 14. Irish immigrants in the United States had to contend with racist attitudes. <br />
  15. 15. Anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic sentiments in the 1840s produced groups such as the American Party – <br />“The Know Nothings”.<br />
  16. 16. Verbal assaults and mob violence were common.<br />
  17. 17. Irish Immigrants often entered the workforce at the bottom of the occupational ladder. <br />
  18. 18. Endured fierce competition to obtain low-paying, menial and dangerous jobs. <br />
  19. 19. Their service during the Civil War also helped the Irish gain respect and acceptance. <br />
  20. 20. About 190,000 Irishmen contributed to both sides of the cause. After the conflict was over, more than 130 Irish soldiers had been awarded the Medal of Honor.<br />
  21. 21. The Molly Maguires and <br />TheAncient Order of Hibernians used clandestine means to fight injustice. <br />
  22. 22. Over time, many Irish climbed occupational and social ladders.<br />
  23. 23. Sources<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />