f fisebilillah firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of this book is to provide Turkish students who learn English with the necessary idioms used
in everyday English. The idioms included in this book are chosen according to their commonness. The
idioms are given both with English and Turkish meanings. While giving Turkish meanings, I
especially tried to give the similar Turkish idiomatic expression of the idiom. Also, each idiom bears a
proper example exactly exemplifying it.
I believe that learning the idioms of a foreign language shouldn’t necessarily be regarded as an extra
study, since idioms give a language its hue. Knowing idioms not only helps us understand the
language better, but also to use it more effectively.
After you learn these idioms you will be more familiar with the culture of the language you are
leaning. Because every idiom is shaped by the culture it belongs to. It gives hints about the lifestyle
about the speakers of that language. Moreover, you will also revise the Turkish idioms by studying
Abbreviations for idioms:
a big frog in a small pond
an important person among the less important people
büyük derenin küçük kurbağası
I don’t’t understand why he is so stubborn. he is just a big frog in a small pond.
a bitter pill (to swallow)
sth that is difficult or painful to accept
kabul edilmesi zor gerçek
Now that her dad is paralyzed, she has to take care of him. What a bitter pill for her!
a bundle of laughs
bir demet kahkaha
When I told him about the accident he replied with a bundle of laughs.
a drop in the bucket
just a tiny part, insignificant
denizde damla; devede kulak
We gave $100 for the charity. It’s a drop in the bucket for a project like that.
a little bird tells
know it from anonymous sources
A little bird tells me that you are in love with Nadia.
a lost cause
a hopeless case, a person or situation having no hope of positive change
Penn tried hard to tame his dog but it seems a lost case.
a lot of water has flown under the bridge
things changed dramatically
köprünün altından çok sular aktı
I remember you talking about human rights and now you say your benefits are more
important. I see a lot of water has flown under the bridge.
a man of his word
You can trust him. He is a man of his word.
a man of the world
experienced in life
His tough life made him a man of the world.
a mouth to feed
sb who must be provided for
His wife is pregnant again. He will have another mouth to feed.
a pain in the ass (!)
extremely annoying or troublesome
The new kid is really a pain in the ass! He started fighting with the other kids already.
a pain in the neck
extremely annoying or troublesome
I know that this old car is a pain in the neck but we have to do with it for a while.
a question mark over sth
a doubt and uncertainty about sth
soru işareti içermek
Although he made an overall explanation, there is still a question mark on expenses.
a skeleton in the closet
a closely kept secret that is a source of shame or embarrassment
sır gibi saklamak (ayıp bir şeyi)
They have a skeleton in the closet. They really behave strange.
very inexpensive, a bargain
What a steal! They sell a laptop for $500.
a storm in a teacup
a fuss over something trivial
bir bardak suda fırtına koparmak
He came home only one hour late, but his wife made a storm in a teacup.
ready to, just going to
üzere, tam sırasında
She was about to leave for Germany when I saw her.
her şeyden öte, her şeyden çok, özellikle
She loves her husband but she loves her children above all.
in the order of; on the authority of
According to the recent researches women tend to have more traffic accidents.
against the clock
with limited time to finish sth
There was only five minutes left for the departure and we were racing against the clock.
all the time, from the beginning
en baştan, en başından beri
Did you know all along that they were kidding?
all day long
the entire day, week, month, year
bütün gün, gün boyunca
He played computer games all day long.
She seems busy with her work but actually she is all ears.
all in all
We sometimes had problems abroad but all in all, it was fun.
all in good time
no sooner than is appropriate
The money came all in a good time. Tim had some lacking for the house.
all of a sudden
suddenly, without warning
All of a sudden the glass fell on the ground.
acceptable, fine; yes, okay
Is it all right if I wait here?
all’s well that ends well
a successful outcome is worth the effort
tüm çabalara değdi
I was absolutely tired of painting. Anyway, all’s well that ends well.
Take care of the kids. They are all thumbs.
the idea that everyone in the U.S. has the chance to achieve success
He had the usual American dream; a wife, a house and a car.
apple of someone's eye
someone's favorite person or thing
Little Michelle is the apple of her parents eye. They do whatever she wants.
as a matter of fact
This is not his kid. As a matter of fact, he is not even married.
as a rule
As a rule, I never leave the windows open.
as cool as a cucumber
calm; not agitated
During the earthquake Fred was as cool as cucumber. He helped people out.
gelince, söz konusu olunca
As for the permission, Jane will take care of it.
as luck would have it
the way things happened
her nasılsa, nasıl olduysa
I’m sure I locked the door, but as luck would have it, the lock didn’t work.
as slow as molasses in January
This old car is as slow as a molasses in January. Can it go faster than that?
as soon as
just after, when
(bir olayla) birlikte
As soon as she saw the dog, she started to cry.
as sweet as sugar
very sweet or good-natured
Our teacher seems strict but he is as sweet as a sugar to his students.
as the crow flies
the most direct route distance between two points
It is only 40 miles as the crow flies; however, driving takes much more than that.
as is the general case, as is typical
her zamanki gibi, her zaman olduğu gibi
Kane is late for work as usual.
at a snail's pace
With heavy burden on it, the truck moved at a snail’s pace.
to any degree
hiç, hiç de
I don’t like beans at all.
at each other’s throats
in angry disagreement
kavga edecek hâle gelmek
They were at each other’s throat when I came in.
in the beginning, originally
At first I thought he was the manager. Later I learnt he was just a worker.
about to, almost
I was sure that the war was at hand after the suicide attacks.
Mrs. Kelley is sometimes very hard on us, but at heart she is very tender.
finally, after a long time
The meeting kept on for two hours. At last an old member wanted a break.
a minimum of, no fewer (or less) than
en az, en aşağı
The journey takes at least seven hours. You should eat something.
at the end of one’s rope
at the limit of one’s ability to cope
burama geldi, tak etti
I’ll tell it to his mother. I’m at the end of my rope.
at the top of his voice
avazı çıktığı kadar
When the dog barked, the little girl screamed at the top of her voice.
at the top of your lungs
screaming or crying loud
The naughty boy cried at the top of his lungs when they took him to the dentist.
back and forth
in a backward and forward motion
bir ileri bir geri
When he got worried he began walking back and forth in the hall.
the ball is in sb's court
used to say that it is sb's turn to take action
You’ve always wanted to do something for education. Now the ball is in your court.
bark worse than one’s bite
not as bad tempered as one appears
göründüğü gibi kızgın olmayan
Don’t mind him. His bark is worse than his bite.
be a far cry from
to be very different from
çok daha farklı olmak
Ronny is stubborn, but Duane is a far cry from him.
be all in the same boat
to have the same dangers (difficulties) to face
hepimiz aynı gemideyiz
You can’t call the police. We’re all in the same boat.
be as clear (plain) as day
gün gibi aşikar
It is as clear as a day that USA attacked Iraq for its oil resources.
be behind the times
not to be up-to-date, modern in one's thinking
demode, geri kalmış
You are behind the times. The time has changed.
be bent on something
have a strong desire to do something
He is bent on flying. He even bought a flying suit!
be better off
to be in a more favorable condition or situation
daha iyi olur
I’m better off if I stay at home. I am very tired.
be bound to
to be certain to, to be sure to
kaçınılmaz olarak, kesinlikle
You are bound to lose if you don’t believe your luck.
be without money
Don’t try me. I’m broke.
be fed up with
having had enough
This is the fourth time you lose my keys. I’m fed up with your ignorance!
be fond of sb/ sth
feeling affection; like a lot
çok sevmek; düşkün
Julia is fond of birds. She feeds twenty different kinds of birds.
to be victimized or cheated
Although he seems clever, he is always had by his lovers.
be hard on something
kaba kullanmak, hor kullanmak
My son is really hard on his bike. He broke it down again.
be in charge of
to manage, to have responsibility for
This bill is to be signed. Who is in charge here?
be in one's way
not to be helpful, to cause inconvenience
yolunu kesmek, engel olmak
He tries to help but actually he is just in our way.
be in pocket
He is always in pocket because he buys the goods really cheap.
be in one’s shoes
to be in another person's position, to face the same situation as another person
If I were in your shoes, I wouldn't wear a red tie with that jacket.
be my guest
used to tell people that they are welcome to do as they please
önden buyur, nasıl istersen
Do you think you can break this lock? Be my guest!
be on the safe side
not to take any chances
işi şansa bırakmayarak, her halükarda
She brought a spare pencil for the exam, to be on the safe side.
be over one's head
to be very busy, to have too much to do
işi başından aşkın olmak
She couldn’t even speak with me. She was over her head.
be to blame
be responsible for something bad or unfortunate
He is not to blame. I didn’t see him playing with it.
be up for grabs
to become available to others
yeniden müsait olmak, elde edilebilir olmak
Since she is divorced, she is up for grabs again.
be up to one's ears
have too much to do
işi başından aşkın
She can’t help us. She is up to her ears.
be used to
be accustomed to
Don’t worry. He is used to driving in these weathers.
to have enough money to enjoy a comfortable life, to be rich
She is well-off thanks to her new husband.
be successful in the end after effort have been expended
meyvesini vermek (başarmak)
Though he worked hard for his children, it now bears fruit.
bear in mind
remember, not to forget
Bear in mind that this not an entertainment. Try to learn something.
beat around the bush
to avoid discussing directly, to evade the issue
topu taca atmak, lafı değiştirmek
The journalist asked about embezzling but the minister beat around the bush.
I don’t know
‘Do you know where my red tie is?’ ‘Beats me!’
He has been behind he bars for ten years now.
better safe than sorry
be cautious, or else, you may regret it
geç olsun, güç olmasın
You’re driving too fast. Slow down, we might be late but better be safe than sorry.
between the hammer and anvil/ between a rock and a hard place
The job offer was perfect but she didn’t want to leave her family too. She was between the
hammer and anvil.
no doubt, certainly
He loves Marry, beyond doubt.
can’t tell with words, excessively
kelimler yetmez, kelimler kifayetsiz
Your help saved me from loosin my job. I can’t thank you, it is beyond words.
bite off more than one can chew
to accept as a responsibility or task than one can handle alone
taşıyabileceğinden fazla sorumluluk almak
You have enough responsibility to care for; don’t bite more than you can chew.
bite the bullet
endure in a difficult situation
We had to bite the bullet until the rescue team arrived.
bite the dust
go down in defeat
Greece played well in the match, but Brazil really bit the dust.
fall at something
başarısız olmak, şişip kalmak
It is not a surprise that I blew it on the exam. I hadn’t studied.
exclude socially; vote against or reject a candidate
The council blackballed the prime minister for not taking precautions for the famine.
an electronic device that can be removed from an aircraft as a single package
The authorities said it was too early to comment before finding the black box.
a list of persons under suspicion or disfavor; put a person on such a list
kara liste; kara listeye almak
I don’t think they are going to blacklist us for criticizing their policies.
payment extorted by intimidation, such as threats of injurious revelations
şantaj; şantaj yapmak
The terrorists blackmailed some politicians with their private photos with ladies.
requiring that guests wear semi-formal attire
resmi kıyafet gerekliliği
My husband phoned the reception and asked if it was a black-tie meeting.
the buying and selling of goods in violation of legal price controls; also, the place that’s done
During the war even the bread was in black market.
black sheep (of the family)
a person who causes shame or embarrassment because of his/her deviation from the standards of the
All his siblings studied at university. So he thinks he is the black sheep of the family.
alter, abridge, or cancel, as in editing a manuscript
Of course the book won’t be published before we blue-pencil it.
of superior quality or prominence
PLC is a good brand but TIC has a blue-ribbon.
You can’t get him to help you, he is born tired.
boys will be boys
it is normal for children
I know Miles fought with his friends. Don’t worry. Boys will be boys.
bread and butter
a person's livelihood or income
The lorry may be very old. However it is Mr. Dante’s bread and butter.
to become free or loose, to escape
bağlı olduğu yerden ayrılmak, kopmak
Denny’s dog broke loose yesterday night.
break one’s word
fail to fulfill a promise
He had promised to take us to the zoo. Again he broke his word.
break sb's heart
make sb sad
birinin kalbini kırmak
He broke Sarah’s heart by mentioning about her weight.
break the ice
ease the initial restraint or awkwardness of a meeting or social gathering
I had to speak with all the guests to break the ice among them.
bring home the bacon
to earn a salary
eve ekmek getirmek
As his father died at an early age, he had to bring home the bacon.
bring sb or sth to life
make live, make more lively or excited
canlandırmak, hayat vermek
Hollywood brought Hitman to life through a movie.
tolerant to other’s views
hoş görülü, anlayışlı
Don’t hesitate tell your opinions to the editor. She is so broad-minded.
brush up on something
review something to make it fresh again in one's mind
You had better brush up on your notes before the exam.
burn your bridges
do sth that makes it difficult or impossible to return
He sold everything he had in this country. He burnt his bridges in a way.
bury the hatchet
Israel doesn’t seem to bury the hatchet by attacking the civil.
busy as a bee
very busy about work
I saw the Chinese workers in a documentary. They were busy like bees.
by a hair’s breadth
almost (for bad events)
He braked just on time and prevented the accident by a hair’s breadth.
by all means
using any possible way or method
her yolu kullanarak
They searched for her by all means. However, she is still lost.
by a great margin, clearly
tam manasıyla, kesinlikle
Keanu Reaves is by far the best actor for me.
Mrs. Lanner wanted us to learn the poet by heart.
alone, without assistance
bir başına, kendi başına
Did you really paint that picture by yourself?
by the way
yeri gelmişken, bu arada
By the way, Jane sent you her best.
call a person names
to insult him by using bad names
lakap takarak kızdırmak
He thinks it is funny to call a person names.
call it a day
to stop working for the rest of the day
bu günlük son vermek
You have been trying to mend it for hours. Let’s call it a day.
can't place one’s (name, face)
can't fully identify
ismini getirmek, hatırlamak
I’m sure, I’ve seen her somewhere but I just can’t place her name.
carry coals to Newcastle
to do something which is unnecessary; to use one's effort uneconomically
boşa kürek sallamak
Trying to convince him about education means to carry coals to Newcastle.
cat got your tongue
dilini kedi mi yuttu?
Why don’t you speak? Did cat get your tongue?”
to become sick with a cold of the nose for throat
soğuk almak, üşütmek
She caught cold when she forgot to close the window.
to begin to burn
tutuşmak, alev almak
If you hold your cigarette close, the oil hose might catch fire.
catch one's breath
rest for a moment
Have you been running? Sit here and catch your breath.
found in the very act of a crime
suç üstü yakalanmak
He caught red handed while dealing cocaine. The cops had been disguised as buyers.
change one's mind
to alter one's decision or opinion
It is late to change your mind now that you signed the contract.
change one's tune
to change one's opinions or manner
The senator changed his tone after the president warned him.
chew the fat (!)
to chat informally with close friends
lak lak yapmak
Yesterday we watched a movie and chewed the fat with my friend.
clearly stated, definite, apparent
açık ve net, anlaşılır
Our boss was clear cut; anyone late for work will be fired.
a situation involving a narrow escape from danger
az kalsın, neredeyse
The gas hose broke and we really had a close call to fire if not recognized.
close or shut your eyes to sth
ignore or overlook sth obvious
He knew that his son was using drugs but he shut his eyes to it.
confess or tell the truth about sth
itiraf etmek, tövbe etmek
She is still angry with me. She wants me to come clean.
come to an end
to end, to stop
After four hours, I thought the meeting would never come to an end.
come to life
enliven, begin to be interesting
canlanmak, hayat bulmak
After the movie, the reggae came to life again.
come to the point
be definite, precise in telling something
He spoke for half an hour but couldn’t come to the point.
to become reality, to prove to be correct
His ugly predictions came true and we lost the match.
to be extensive, to discuss much material
fazla ayrıntı içermek
This text covers a lot of ground. You can find a shorter one.
to tell people there is great danger when there is not
ortalığı telaşa vermek
Old Greta cries wolf whenever she hears a siren.
cut and dried
predictable, known beforehand; boring
beklendiği gibi, tahmin edildiği şekilde
My YDS score was cut and dried; I couldn’t get the necessary score.
to economize, to save money
kesintiye gitmek, harcamaları kısmak
The City has to cut corners to finish the ‘New City Project’.
to make shorter
kısacası, uzun lafın kısası
Grey just read the important parts to cut the report short.
cut the mustard
to achieve the standard of performance necessary for success
bir haltı becerememek
We hoped he would pass the finals this team, but he just couldn’t cut the mustard.
day in and day out
He visited his girlfriend day in day out until they got married.
days are numbered
not much to live
Her grandfather is in the intense care unit. His days are numbered.
the die is cast
there is no return
ok yaydan çıktı
Gabon already declared war to Congo. The die is cast!
different strokes for different folks
every one has different interests and tastes
zevkler ve renkler tartışılmaz
You can’t force him listen country. Different strokes for different folks.
down the tubes
cancel the plans
(planı) suya düşmek
We would visit the Grand Museum but as our car broke down this plan is down the tube.
do one's bit
fulfill one's responsibility to; help accomplish something
elinden geleni yapmak
Although she was not responsible for it, she did her bit to help her friends.
draw the line at
to determine to be unacceptable, to refuse to consider
I drew a line at doing his homework. He never does it himself.
dressed to kill
wear one’s finest clothing
iki dirhem bir çekirdek, Grant tuvalet
Since it was an official meeting, everybody was dressed to kill.
drive someone up a wall
annoy someone greatly
çileden çıkarmak, sinirlendirmek
When the children smash the door, they drive me up a wall.
drop a brick
make a stupid and indiscreet social mistake
Claude dropped a brick by bringing up the subject about Jews.
drop in your lap
be given as sth welcome and unexpected
He wasn’t even considering being a manager; it just dropped in his lap.
drop sb a line
to write a note to someone
birine not bırakmak
My wife dropped me a line that she had taken the car.
rehearsal, practice session
The band was successful in the dry runs, but the concert was a disaster.
As he is a professional player, Sridhar is only a duck soup for him.
a person who is excessively diligent or overly zealous
I was sure she would become a lawyer. She is an eager beaver.
eat and run
eat and hurry up
to be forced to admit to having made a mistake
She had to eat crow when they showed her the recordings.
eat one's words
admit one is wrong in something one has said
iddiasında yanıldığını kabul etmek
Serry had to eat her word when they looked up in the dictionary.
bothering or worrying someone
I’m sure that it is eating Larry now. He doesn’t like lending his car.
We talked about Sag and made his ears burning.
either succeeding or failing completely
bound to result either in complete success or total failure
ya hep ya hiç (kazanma)
We spend all the money on that business; it’s either succeeding or failing completely.
She cleaned the every inch of the house before the guests arrived.
every other day
iki günde bir, gün aşırı
The doctor prescribed a medicine to be taken every other day.
direct, personal; directly, personally
Rather than phoning, you had better talk this face-to-face with him.
face the music
accept the consequences
gerçeği kabul etmek
Just face the music. We have lost the game.
fall from grace
lose value or a good position
After the terrorist attacks, investing on tourism fell from grace.
fall in love
to begin to love
aşık olmak, birine vurulmak
Have you ever fallen in love at first sight?
feed someone a line
I knew that she was feeding us a line when she said she would pay her debt.
These kids are feather brained; they can’t even learn a simple subject.
to have the desire to, to want to consider
istemek, canı istemek
I don’t feel like eating anything. I think I’m ill.
feel like a million dollars
The operation is over and I feel like a million dollars now.
feel sorry for
to pity, to feel compassion for
I don’t feel sorry for him. He asked for it.
ferret something out
to search out, discover, or bring to light
gün yüzüne çıkarmak
The experienced journalist ferreted the scandal out in education.
few and far between
not frequent, unusual, rare
Sally visits her grandparents few and far between.
divided into two equal parts
We earned the money together so we will share it fifty-fifty.
find fault with
criticize, to complain about something
her şeye bir kulp takmak(hata bulmak)
Whatever they do, Mr. Frayne is always finding a fault with workers.
fine kettle of fish
a mess; a very unsatisfactory situation
tam da sırasıydı!
I was about to sleep when the phone rang. What fine kettle of fish!
without assistance from an intermediary, direct
birinci el, ilk kaynak
I decided to ask my grandpa about the war. He has the firsthand information.
birinci sınıf, mükemmel
We didn’t expect a first-rate service from such a hotel.
strange and suspicious
When he smiled at his friend, I felt there was something fishy going on.
follow your nose
act in accordance with your instincts or intuition
burnunun dikine gitmek
Don’t try to convince him. He always follows his nose.
for a song
for very little money
I bought this old gramophone for a song at a second-hand dealer.
for any use
suitable for a wide variety of uses
This is a watch for any use. It has a compass, an altimeter and a thermometer.
for sure, certainly
He is so awkward. He hit the car somewhere, for certain.
He left Jordan for good. He is leaving in Egypt anymore.
for old times' sake
in fond memory of the past
eski günlerin hatırına
I’m sure she will help me for old time’s sake.
this one time, for only one time
bir sefer olsun, bir defalık
Try to be reasonable for once.
I can tell it for sure that she stole the wallet.
for the birds
uninteresting and meaningless
I watched the art movie and I can say that it’s for the birds
for the time being
The car works fine for the time being. I wish it doesn’t make any problems.
free as a bird
kuş gibi özgür
When she moved to California to study, she felt free as a bird.
from now on
from this time into the future
bundan sonra, bu günden itibaren
I am fed up with your late comings. From now on, you’ll be home at eight!
from the frying pan into the fire
from a bad situation to a worse situation
aşağı tükürsen sakal, yukarı tükürsen bıyık
Derek’s situation is bad enough now, but if he leaves the country, he'll go from the frying pan
into the fire.
from tip to toe
all over you body
tepeden tırnağa, baştan aşağıya
When he fell of his bike, he was in mud from tip to toe.
full of beans (!)
full of nonsense; talking nonsense
He wrote a composition on festivals, which is full of beans.
the gate post
between you and me
Tim and Helena are having fights. The gate post, they’re thinking to divorce.
get a rise out of
to provoke a response from
kızmasına rağmen karşılık vermemek
You can’t get a rise out of me. I promised not to quarrel with you.
get away clean
In his third robbery he couldn’t get away clean. They put him in the jail.
get better/ worse
to become better/ worse, etc.
The old man got better after he took the medicines.
get cold feet
to become unable or afraid to do something
He was determined to do bungee jumping but he got cold feet on the tower.
get even with
to seek revenge, to retaliate
You also called me stupid before. We got even with you.
get in oneself a pickle
in trouble; in a mess
başını belaya sokmak
By selling counterfeit firm wares, he has really got himself in a pickle.
get in someone’s hair
When the children broke Mr. Sergey’s window, they got in his hair.
get in touch with
to communicate with, to contact
I think the lines are busy. I can’t get in touch with Helen.
to become lost; to go away in order not to bother
The soldier got lost as he forgot to take his compass.
get off one's chest
to express one's true feelings
içini dökmek, fikir ve duygularını söylemek
I can’t bear her attitudes anymore. I must get it out off my chest.
get off someone’s back
stop bothering someone
The little boy doesn’t get of his father’s back when he turns back from work.
get on one's high horse
become angry and superior in attitude toward someone else
When the students complained about the rules, the principal got on his high horse.
get on one's nerves
to annoy or disturb
Whenever she speaks about my family she gets on my nerves.
get out of line
to disobey or ignore normal procedures or rules
Tina got out of the line after winning the lottery.
get right down to something
begin working without hesitation
We have had enough rest, I think. Let’s get down to work.
to become sick
She got sick because of the stale chocolate cake.
get the ax
be dismissed, fired
postalanmak, işten atmak
He criticized the administration so harshly that he got the ax by the weekend.
get the ball rolling
lafı işe dökmek
You’ve given enough suggestion. Why don’t you get the ball rolling?
get the better of
to win or defeat by gaining an advantage over someone
punduna getirmek, fırsatını bulunca alt etmek
Don’t underrate him. He will get the better of you if you are not careful.
get the green light
receive permission or authorization to do something
yeşil ışık yakmak
Thanks to the principal, they got the green light to exhibit their drawings in the school yard.
get the jump on someone
get the advantage over someone
önüne geçmek, erken davranmak
Odessa got the jump on Helga by telling her love to Sosa.
get to the bottom of something
learn all the facts about something
He worked on the problem for two hours but couldn’t get to the bottom of it.
get up on the wrong side of the bed
wake up in a bad mood
Why are you shouting at people? Did you get up on the wrong side of the bed?
get used to
to become used to, to become adjusted to
Bernie got used to driving on right in Britain.
give and take
compromise, cooperation between people
Give and take is indispensable in a successful marriage.
give birth to
to bear a human being or animal
dünyaya getirmek, doğurmak
Our cat gave birth to seven kitties yesterday.
give him hot
rebuke him severely
The captain gave Derek hot for sleeping on duty.
give it one’s best shot
en iyi vuruşunu yapmak
He said he could make a better time running and I said ‘give your best shot!’
give sb a big hand
to clap one's hands in applause, to applaud
The spectators gave the team a big hand after they scored.
give sb a break
to provide a person with another opportunity or chance
kıyak geçmek, görmezden gelmek
He helped the police with the flat tire for he might give him a break sometime.
give sb a hand
to assist, to aid, to help
el uzatmak, yardımcı olmak
Our neighbor gave us a hand to move our house.
give someone the slip
make a getaway
The police were so slow that it wasn’t hard for him to give them the slip.
give somebody/something the green light
yeşil ışık yakmak
I’ll ask the manager; if he gives the green light, we will start the project.
give the sack
sepetlemek, işten atmak
As Nigel kept coming work late, the boss gave him the sack.
each person pays his own way to a movie, restaurant, etc
As I didn’t have enough money with me I offered them to go Dutch.
go fly a kite!
başımdan gidin! (çocuklar için)
I’m trying to work here. Go fly a kite!
go in one ear and out the other
forget as soon as heard
bir kulağından girip bir kulağından çıkmak
I’ve told him about his lessons many times; however, it goes in one ear and out the other.
go off the deep end
to get very angry and do something hastily
He will go off the deep and if he learns about the accident.
go through channels
to send a request through the normal way
They will not care for your complaint even if you go through the channels.
go to bat for someone
help out and support someone
I won’t go to bat for him this time. It is enough!
go to the dogs
The City restored the tower. It really went to the dogs.
go to town
to do something with enthusiasm and thoroughness
My son really went to town when I said I would buy him a car if he succeeded.
go without saying
to be known without the need to mention
söylemeye gerek yok
That the price will increase after the storm goes without saying.
to fail, to result badly
yolunda gitmemek, hatalı olmak
If something goes wrong please call me.
good frame of mind
good mental state
If he is in a good frame of mind, he can lend you some money.
green around the gills
having a sickly appearance; pale
She said she was fine but she was green around the gills.
green with envy
Leroy was green with envy when he saw my new flat.
What made you so sad, green-eyed monster?
an untrained, inexperienced, or naive person
The company took on four greenhorns. You are to train them.
grow on someone
increase in favor with someone gradually
sonradan sarmaya başlamak
I hated new age music at first, but it's grown on me later.
should, ought to, be advisable to
iyi olur, öneririm
You had better take your umbrella. It might rain.
It is such an easy job. You can do it your hands down.
hand to mouth
earning enough to feed
Jerry has four children and with his low salary they live hand to mouth.
hard of hearing
partially deaf, not able to hear well
She is very old. It’s normal that she is hard of hearing.
hash something over
to discuss something in great detail
ısıtıp ısıtıp getirmek
I’ve heard enough about your complaints. Stop hashing them over!
have a good time
to enjoy oneself
iyi zaman geçirmek, eğlenmek
Because of the heavy rain, we didn’t have a good time in London.
have a long face to look
very sad or miserable
suratından düşen bin parka, suratını asmak
I didn’t ask her about the exam. She had a long face to look.
have a voice in
to share involvement in
tuzu olmak, katkısı olmak
I just wanted to have a voice in the project. So I gave some money too.
have a yellow streak
She had a yellow streak when her husband threatened to divorce.
have ants in your pants
get excited or impatient about sth
It was his turn to go on the stage and he had ants in his pants.
to have, to possess
She has got everything she needs.
have got to
mecbur olmak, zorunda olmak
You have got to inform the police about the murder.
have in mind
to be considering, to be thinking
You don’t want to come with us. What do you have in mind?
have it in one
have the capacity, ability to do something
I believe that Reese has it in her to win the gold medal.
have one's heart in one's mouth
to be in a state of tension or fear
yüreği ağzına gelmek
Serap had her heart in her mouth when her little son ran across the street.
have one's heart set on
to desire greatly, to be determined to
Tanya has her heart set on to visit Haiti. She has already bought summer clothes.
have one's way
to arrange matters the way one wants
birinin istediğini yapmak
My sister will start crying if you don’t have her way.
have other fish to fry
to have other, or more important, things to do
yapacak başka önemli işleri olmak
I can’t come to the theatre with you. I’ve other fish to fry.
have sb/ sth in one’s palm
have complete power or influence over sb or sth
He has the company in his palm. That’s why they respect him.
have sb on a string
be able to control sb easily
After the wedding his wife had him on a string.
have the heart
have the courage to do something that will cause others’ unhappiness or disappointment
birini üzecek bir işi yapacak cesareti olmak
Pedro couldn’t afford to buy the house his wife badly wanted, so he didn’t have the heart to
tell that to his wife.
have the world by the tail
be successful and happy
hayatta başarılı olmak
He has a car and a flat of his own. So he thinks he had the world the world by the tail.
have to do with
to have some connection with or relationship to
I have to do with this old computer until I buy a new a one.
have your cake and eat it too
to have the advantage of both alternatives
her iki avantajı da kullanmak
You both want to earn much and work less. You can’t have your cake and eat it too.
have your head in the clouds
be completely unrealistic or daydreaming
aklı bir karış havada
She is so young and has her head in the clouds.
heads or tails
throw a coin to decide
Why don’t we throw acoin? Heads or tails?
high and low
everywhere, in every conceivable place
I've lost my keys. I've looked high and low for it, but I can't find it.
hit the ceiling
become very angry
The candidate hit the ceiling when he learnt that he couldn’t win elections.
hit the hay
go to bed
kafayı vurup yatmak, zıbarmak
I’ve been working all day. I’ll hit the hay, as soon as I’m home.
hold one's horse
wait patiently instead of going forward
biraz daha sabretmek
You should hold your horse for a while. You may not find a chance to see him again.
hold one's own
to maintain oneself in, be equal to, a given situation
kendi başına idare edebilmek
I don’t think she can hold her own. She has never been alone before.
hold sb's hand
provide reassurance, support sb
birinin elinden tutmak
She would have been a nice singer, if somebody held her hand.
hold sth against someone
blame someone for something
birinin aleyhine kullanmak
Though I forgot to inform him about the assignment he didn’t hold it against me.
not to move
sabit durmak, kımıldamamak
You should hold still in a barbers shop.
horse of a different color
quite a different matter
Love is important but tolerance is horse of a different color.
hot under the collar
My father was hot under the collar on learning my grades.
hungry as a bear
kurt gibi aç
I’m hungry as a bear. I can eat anything.
I can’t call my own soul
I can’t do anything to help
elim kolum bağlı
I would like to help you with the sentence, but I can’t call my own soul.
I don’t give a darn
I don’t care, no problem
I don’t give a darn to his threats. I’ll marry Lisa.
ill at ease
uncomfortable or worried in a situation
My father was ill at ease when my brother didn’t turn back on time.
in a hurry
As today is the deadline everyone is in a hurry to hand in their assignments.
in a sense
in a particular way
In a sense, this project helps the natives develop their self-conscious.
in a stew
bothered or upset about someone or something
hey heyleri üstünde
The boss is in a stew and nobody dares to ask.
in a sweat
You’ve finished your meal already? Are you in a sweat?
in a welter of blood
covered in blood
kan revan içinde
Cesar was shocked to see her son in a welter of blood.
before, ahead of time
You had better buy your plane ticket in advance. The holiday is on the head.
in apple-pie order
very well organized; in very good order
The commander wanted the soldiers in apple-pie order.
in order to be prepared if
He took his gun just in case.
under firm control, well managed
The marshal reported that the fire was in hand.
in line with
in agreement or conformity with
aynı çizgide (görüşte)
Surprisingly, I realized that we were in a line with Kenny on politics.
in no time
very quickly, rapidly
çok çabuk, hemen
It is already nine o’clock! We have to leave in no time!
in one's element
doing something one likes and is capable of doing very well
yetenekli olduğu bir şeyi yapmak
Sissy is on her element when she plays the guitar.
in other words
to say something in a different way
diğer bir deyişle
The law requires visitors to get a visa for the island. In other words, there will be fewer
laughing very hard
With his new typecasting, Ata Demirer had the audiences in stitches.
in the crunch
only when in trouble
My cousin calls me only when he is in the crunch. He is so self-seeking.
in the hole
Because of the newly raised taxes, the company is in the hole.
in the long run
eventually, after a long period of time
eninde sonunda, nihayetinde
I know you are bored of your studies but in the long run it will pay back.
in the red
operating at a loss or being in debt
The company is in the red because of the canceled orders.
in the spots
everyone talking about it
Are you dating Sheila? It’s on the spots.
in the twinkling of an eye
very quickly, in a moment
göz açıp kapayasıya
The kid took the lady’s bag in the twinkle of an eye and ran through the street.
in the worst way
very much, greatly
gerçekten çok, çok fazla
I want that car in the worst way. I’ll take loan for it.
in time to
before the time necessary to do something
The car was not able to stop in time to hit the deer.
You can ask Danny about Sam. They always keep in touch.
useless, without the desired result
The doctors applied the latest treatments but they were all in vain.
the ins and outs
all the facts about something
We’ll discuss the ins and outs of leasing a truck fleet and decide afterwards.
with the inside facing the outside
tersine, içi dışına
You had better turn the clothes inside out before you put them in the washer.
it boots no good
not a sign of good
hayra alamet değil
I’ve seen Andrew making secret calls. It boots no good.
it seems likely, reasonable, or typical
anlaşılan, her zamanki gibi
It figures that she is not interested in arts. She laughed at the photos.
it’s all Greek for me
it is totally unfamiliar with me
They started talking about vogue and it’s all Greek for me.
it won’t suit my book
it is not good for my benefit
It is a good job but pays less. So it won’t suit my book to get it.
jig is up
secret is revealed
(şapka düştü) kel göründü
When they decided to go over the calculations the jig was up!
jump down someone’s throat
become angry with someone
ümüğünü sıkmak, gırtlağına yapışmak
The boss will jump down on his throat, if he learns he forgot to send the catalogs.
jump the gun
to be hasty
atlamak, acele etmek
She would explain her fault but her brother jumped the gun and told her secret.
keep an eye on
watch in the sense of, take care of
göz kulak olmak
Can you keep an eye of my dog when I’m in the store?
keep both or your feet on the ground
act and think sensibly and realistically
ayakları yere basmak
The old tempt to think that the young can’t keep both their feet on the ground.
keep in mind
to remember, not to forget
Keep in mind that she is very sensitive about her hair style.
keep one's fingers crossed
to hope to have good results, to hope that nothing bad will happen
ummak, ümit etmek
I kept my fingers crossed that the bank is open.
keep one's head
to remain calm during an emergency
kendini kaybetmemek, soğuk kanlılıkla hareket etmek
Even during the fire my dad kept his head and took us out off the house.
keep one's word
to fulfill a promise, to be responsible
Don’t trust him. He never keeps his word.
to operate accurately
zamanı doğru olarak göstermek
The clock tower is 200 hundred years old; however it still keeps perfect time.
keep track of
to keep or maintain a record of; to remember the location of
Why are you asking about the number of visitors? I don’t keep a track of them.
keep under one’s hat
keep something a secret
The police arrested a suspect but they kept the name under their hat for a while.
kick the bucket
ölmek, nalları dikmek
He loved the world so much that he never thought he would kick the bucket one day.
kick the habit
to stop a bad habit
kötü bir alışkanlığı bırakmak
He is ill because of smoking, but he never tries to kick the habit.
kick up one’s heels
sevinçten havaya uçmak
My daughter kicked up her heel when I told her we were going to the grandmas.
kill two birds with one stone
to achieve two objects with one action is
bir taşla iki kuş vurmak
Sweden raised the alcoholic drink prices both to decrease the number of drinkers and earn
more. It wants to kill two birds with one stone.
kiss ass (!)
flatter or obediently carry out the orders of a superior in order to gain favor
If you want to get promoted you have to kiss ass!
knock on wood
used to express a wish for good fortune
I don’t want to hear about possible failures, knock on wood!
knock someone’s socks off
enthuse and excite
aklımı başından almak
You must see the new girl at school. She’ll knock your socks off.
know a thing or two
to have practical ability and common sense
bir iki şey bilmek
I’m not an expert but I know a thing or two about diving.
know by sight
We don’t have much in common but I know him by sight.
know one's onions
to have a good knowledge about sth one is supposed to know
Don’t worry about Sawyer. He knows his onions.
know sth like the back of your hand
know sth extremely well
avucunun içi gibi bilmek
He has been in Tunisia for ten years and he knows her like the back of his hand.
know the first thing about sth
have knowledge of
I don’t know the first thing about football. I’ve never been interested in it.
to know what is what
to have proper knowledge of the world and of things in general
neyin ne olduğunu bilmek
Don’t think he is a small kid. He knows what is what.
know which side one's bread is buttered on
to know what is most advantageous
He has been in politics for ten years and knows which side of his bread is buttered on.
land on one's feet
to recover safely form an unpleasant or dangerous situation
düzlüğe çıkmak, toparlanmak
After the bankruptcy, it took him long to land on his feet.
the final event in a series of unacceptable actions
bardağı taşıran son damla
Calling me a jerk in front of everyone was the last straw.
learn the ropes
to become familiar with routine procedures
After ten years in this job, she learnt the ropes.
leave a word
leave a message
My roommate left a word reminding me to feed the fish.
not to disturb, to stay away from
Leave me alone! I don’t want to come with you.
leave no stone unturned
her taşın altına bakmak
The police left no stone unturned, but they still couldn’t find the senator.
to delay making a decision on
ucu açık bırakmak, kesinleşmemiş bırakmak
As they couldn’t agree on the ceremony hours, they left it open.
The cell phone I bought a week ago is broken. I think it’s a lemon.
lend me your ear!
listen to me!
bana kulak ver!
Lend me your ear! You won’t pass the exam if you walk around!
and certainly not
bir yana, (onu) bırak
He didn’t go to high school, let alone university.
let bygones be bygones
forget and forgive unpleasant happenings in the past
geçmişe sünger çekmek
I decided to let bygones be bygones and begin writing again.
let sleeping dogs lie
do not agitate a potential source of trouble
Don’t tell him he is investing on a bad share. Let sleeping dogs lie.
to neglect a duty, to ignore a situation
boş vermek, kafaya takmamak
She never lets it slide if someone makes fun of her.
let sth slip through your fingers
fail to take advantage of sth
elinden (fırsatı) kaçırmak
She could be a doctor’s wife now, but she let it slip through her fingers.
let the cat out of the bag
We were supposed to surprise our dad with the TV set but my little sister let the cat out of the
life and death
very important, vital
ölüm kalım meselesi
Stop making fun of it! This is a life and death situation.
like a bull in a china shop
very awkward or clumsy
Patsy is like a bull in a china shop. She is so awkward.
like a fish out of water
out of one's proper or accustomed environment
sudan çıkmış balık gibi
When the colonel retired, he felt like a fish out of water.
like (two) peas in a pod
very much alike; almost identical
Marian and I are like two peas in a pod. We like and hate the same things.
like water off a duck's back
having little or no effect
They send relief for the hurricane, but it was like water off a duck’s back.
little by little
The plan begins to raise interest little by little.
little does one think
one cannot imagine
aklına gelmek, ummak
Little did one think that he would be a pilot?
lose one's cool
to get excited, angry, or frustrated
soğuk kanlılığını kaybetmek
Although the students made fun of her mistakes, the teacher didn’t lose her cool.
lose one's head
not to think clearly, to lose one's self-control
The old lady lost her head when they said her son died.
lose one’s shirt
lose a great deal of money
sıfırı tüketmek, çok para kaybetmek
When his predictions were false, he lost his shirt in stocks.
lose one's touch
to fail at what one used to do well
paslanmak, yeteneğini kaybetmek
I used to finish the game in ten minutes. I think I lost my touch.
make a difference
to be of importance (to), to affect
fark etmek, değiştirmek
The boss changed the schedule but it makes no difference. We’re still working on Sundays.
make a monkey (out) of sb
make sb look foolish
maymun etmek, maymuna çevirmek
In the play they made him a devil; actually they made a monkey out of him with that costume.
make a mountain out of a mole-hill
to exaggerate; make difficulties appear much greater than they really are
pireyi deve yapmak
Don’t worry about the accident. I’m sure; he is making a mountain out of a mole-hole again.
make a point of sth
do or say something with a definite intention
John made a point of asking after you.
make a splash
be successful and attract attention
iyi bir çıkış yapmak
Her new song really made a big splash. It is already on the lists.
You have to make certain that the information is correct or else, we’ll be in trouble.
to clarify, to explain
açıklamak, açıklık getirmek
The minister made it clear that all the taxes be given before September.
to manage, to cope
idare etmek, yetinmek
We don’t have any tomato paste so we have to make do with tomato.
make ends meet
be able to live with the money one has
Though I don’t earn much, I’ve to make the ends until I find a better job.
to become friendly with others
He is so shy. He can’t easily make friends.
make fun of
ridicule, laugh at
Don’t tell him about the accident. He will make fun of me all day.
I’m not surprised that she made good in the exam. She had studied really hard.
make good time
to travel a sufficient distance at a reasonable speed
vakitli gelmek (normalden hızlı)
Though it takes nine hours to Tyler, we went there in six hours. We really made a good time.
make oneself at home
be comfortable, as if in one's own home
Turkish people really make their guests at home.
make room for
allow space for, arrange space for
By moving out the old sofas, we made room for the dinner table.
to be sensible or reasonable
kulağa hoş gelmek, mantıklı olmak
He suggests raising a fund. Does it make a sense?
make sb tick
to motivate to behave or act in a certain way
You can’t guess what makes her tick. She is very moody.
make short work of sth
do something quickly
kaşla göz arasında
The paparazzi made short work of taking the star’s photo.
to be sure, to ascertain
temin etmek, emin olmak
Make sure that you get your keys.
make the best of
to do the best that one can in a poor situation
elinden geleni yapmak
We did our best to win the match.
make up one's mind
to reach a decision, to decide finally
This is not a hard decision. Haven’t you made up your mind yet?
to create a disturbance, usually by complaining
ortalığı karıştırmak, mızmızlanmak
The little girl made waves when her mother refused to buy her the teddy bear.
march to a different drummer
to follow one's own ideas rather than being influenced by the group
kendi bildiğini okumak
I told her about the hardship of living alone, but she marched to a different drummer.
meet sb halfway
to compromise with someone
arayı bulmak, anlaşmak
After long disputes the union met administration half way on $2000.
mind one’s P’s and Q’s
take care in speech and action
sözlerine dikkat etmek
If you want to persuade him to help us, watch your P’s and Q’s.
to repair a relationship with someone
arayı bulmak, barışmak
To mend the fences, we decided to go out for a meal.
mind the store
to be responsible for an office while others are gone
iş yerine göz kulak olmak
Can you mind the store when I’m in town?
miss the boat
to lose an opportunity, to fail in some undertaking
It is late to be sorry. You missed the boat by leaving her.
more or less
approximately, almost; somewhat, to a certain degree
az çok, hemen hemen
I more or less learnt Spanish on holiday.
mum's the word
say nothing about the matter; be silent.
I’ll tell you a secret about Valerie. But, promise it mum’s word.
music to my ears
good news; information that makes someone happy
It was music to my ears to hear that I had a son.
my hands are tied
elim kolum bağlı
to give the same name as another
Giovanni was named after his grandpa, a war hero.
not willing to accept the ideas of others
Greg is so narrow-minded that he is still using a typing machine.
don't be concerned about it; ignore what was just said
He told me to finish the report by Saturday but never mind. He will forget about it.
night and day
all the time
durmadan, gece gündüz
She studied for the exam night and day.
no (not a) big deal
not that impressive
I know that I helped you out, but it’s not a big deal. You’re my friend.
her ne, ne olursa
No matter what I do, my dad is always angry at me.
I proposed her and she just said ‘no way!’
it's no surprise that, not surprisingly
No wonder she is laughing. She got A at maths.
not a soul
bir Allah’ın kulu yok
After the concert finished there was not a soul in the field.
not born yesterday
too young to know sth
I know what an ambush is. I was not born yesterday.
not in your life
asla, hayatta olmaz
He will say ‘not in your life’ if you want his car.
not know beans (about sth.) (!)
to know nothing about something
She tried to speak about art, but apparently she doesn’t know beans about it.
not to mention
omitting to say anything about something
söz etmeye gerek yok
We’ll visit Rome and, not to mention, see the Coliseum.
not worth a candle
not worth trying
If you squeeze ten kilos of grapes, you get four liters of grape juice. So it’s not worth a candle.
not worth a hill of beans
beş para etmez
He brought many books as a source but they are not worth a hill of beans.
now and then
ara sıra, bazı bazı
We used to see him every day but we see him now and then when he comes to the store.
without any question or doubt
Of course we didn’t quarrel. We just argued.
unusual, not typical
Jenny tries to be an off-beat to effect people.
on a razor edge
a very risky situation
If he fails to pay his debt inbefore deadline, he will go bankruptcy. He is on a razor edge.
on all fours crawling
along or crouched down on the hands and knees
The little baby can’t walk yet but she can go any where on all fours crawling.
nervous, anxious; upset, irritable
Mr. Sandy was on the edge when he learnt his motorbike was stolen.
el altında, yedekte
Whenever you ask for a catalog product, it is never on hand.
on one’s last legs
sick and failing
She was good at teaching, unfortunately now she is on her last legs.
on one's toes
He heard a sound in the dark and stayed on his toe all night.
in theory, but not in fact in writing
There is a project for protecting wild life on paper, but it seems very hard to fulfill.
for a reason, deliberately
I don’t think he is sorry for that. He broke the vase on purpose.
on the ball
attentive, competent, alert
Wayne lost the case for the second time. He is certainly on the ball!
on the other hand
however, in contrast
diğer yandan, öteki tarafta
The car is really small. On the other hand it’s very mean in oil consumption.
on the tip of my tongue
nearly brought to mind on the verge of being said but remaining unsaid
The word was on the tip of my tongue; however I had to look up in the dictionary.
on the whole
in general, in most ways
genelde, genel itibariyle
She is not doing well nowadays but, on the whole, she is successful.
exactly at the correct time, punctually
tam zamanında, vaktinde
You have to be at the office on time. They are too strict about that.
once and for all
kesin olarak, son kez
She told me once and for all that she didn’t want to see me again.
once in a blue moon
kırk yılda bir
Once in a blue moon we go to the theater.
out of date
not modern; not current, not timely
These motifs are out of date. They were popular a decade ago.
out of order
not in working condition
arızalı, servis dışı
When the elevator is out of order I must walk to the eighth floor.
out of the blue
suddenly and unexpectedly
The window smashed out of the blue when the wind blew hard.
out of question
impossible, not feasible
imkansız, mümkün değil
I can’t lend you my car. It is out of question!
out of the woods
out of danger
The doctor said the operation was successful, but he is not out of the woods yet.
out of touch
not having contact; not having knowledge of
irtibat dışı; habersiz
He is an idiot. He is out of touch about what’s going round.
out on a limb
in a risky position
Because of her grades, she is out on a limb. They can expel her from school.
over and over
The teacher had to explain it over and over to make every student get it.
packed like sardines
packed very tightly
It is usual in Istanbul to see people packed like sardines in a bus.
paint the town red
carouse and have a good time.
Despite the bad weather, we painted the town red in Greece.
pat sb on the back
praise or congratulate sb
While he was expected to punish his son, he patted him on the back.
to look at and listen to someone, to concentrate
Many of you don’t pay attention to what I say.
pay through the nose
pay too high a price
As it was a luxury car, we paid through the nose for the spare part.
pick sb's brain
ask questions of sb, in order to learn what he or she knows about sth
birinden akıl almak, akıl danışmak
If he is to decide on something he picks his father’s brain.
pick the wrong horse
make a bad choice
yanlış ata oynamak
He picked the wrong horse by supporting the fundamentalists.
pick up the tab
to pay the cost or bill
hesabı çekmek, ödemek
Hailer never picks up the tab in the pub. He is so stingy.
piece of cake
The driving test isn’t hard at all. It’s a piece of cake for you!
a notice of dismissal from one's job
I got a pink sleep for coming late to school.
the little finger
Dolores played puppet with her pinkie.
play by ear
to play music that one has heard but never read; to proceed without plan, to do spontaneously
müzik kulağı olmak; doğaçlama
Ramsey can play any music by ear. He never needs the note papers.
There was a schedule but we played by ear.
play cat and mouse
treat sb in a way that he or she does not know what you are going to do next
kedinin fareyle oynadığı gibi oynamak
He is so cruel with his lovers. He plays cat and mouse with them.
play with fire
do sth dangerous or risky
He says he will kidnap the mayor’s son. He is really playing with fire.
the point of no return
Danny killed his wife and this was the point of no return.
the pot calling the kettle black
someone with a fault accusing someone else of having the same fault
tencere dibin kara seninki benden kara
You say me fat? Look at you! That's the pot calling the kettle black
praise to the skies
praise very highly
This is her only son and she praises him to the skies.
pros and cons
advantages and disadvantages
The committee is discussing the pros and cons of investing in a hotel.
pull one’s leg
deceive as a joke
Wayne couldn’t realize that they were pulling his leg, till one of them laughed.
mücadele etmek (birşeyi elde etmek için)
You could have convinced him, if you had pulled the strings.
pull the wool over someone's eyes
The seller pulled the wool in their eyes by saying that the computer was brand new.
push or press all the right buttons
do all the right or appropriate things
doğru adımları atmak
Though we pushed all the right buttons, we failed to succeed.
put a spoke in someone's wheel
to spoil his plans
tekerine çomak sokmak
He has been living here for forty years. Nobody can put a spoke in his wheel.
put all one's eggs in one basket
to risk everything at once
işi şansa bırakmak
He didn’t put all his eggs in a basket and gave ads to the billboards too.
put an end to
to cause to end, to terminate in a definite manner
The army must put and to intervene the civil rights.
put one's foot in the mouth
to say or do the wrong thing
bir çuval inciri mahvetmek
He put his foot in his mouth when he told her about his ex-girlfriend.
put one’s money where one’s mouth is
follow through with a stated intention
You promised to take me to the party. You must put your money where your mouth is.
put sb in the clear
free from suspicion, blame, or obligation
That he was in the pub with his friend last night during the murder put him in the clear.
put sb/ sth in the shade
make sb/ sth seem unimportant by appearing much more special or attractive
His new album put all the others in the shade.
put sth on ice
set aside for future use
bir kenara, bir yana
We can put the debate on ice and have some snacks.
quite a few
They prepared only 20 rooms but quite a few people showed up for the congress.
rain cats and dogs
to rain very hard
We are afraid of a flood coming. It has been raining cats and dogs lately.
raise a stink
The old lady raised a stink when the cashier gave her wrong change.
read between the lines
to deduce something that is not made explicit
satır aralarını okumak
If you read between the lines, it seems that the price rise is inevitable.
the kind of courtesy or deference shown to persons of high station
kırmızı halı karşılaması
As a tradition the minister will have red-carpet treatment.
a flight between two distant points that departs late at night and arrives early in the morning
gece yarısı uçuşu
Though I didn’t like the red-eye flight, I had to buy the last ticket.
blushing or flushed with embarrassment, anger, etc.
She got red-faced when she accidentally said a curse word.
very hot; creating much excitement or demand
It was a red-hot party yesterday. It kept until the sunrise.
a memorable, especially important or happy day
Today is a letter day! My son uttered ‘daddy’.
a bigot or reactionary, especially from the rural working class
yobaz, geri kafalı
Mr. Johansson is a redneck. He wouldn’t let you wear that dress out.
excessive formality and routine required before official action can be taken
kağıt kürek işleri
I was fed up with the red tape. I had to see eight different officers just to get one paper.
remember someone to someone else
tell someone to say hello to another person
Remember me to your dad when you turn back.
very soon; immediately
en kısa zamanda
The film will start right away. Don’t leave!
rise (like a phoenix) from the ashes
come into existence or popularity again, seemingly from a state of ruin or destruction
külünden yaratmak (Anka kuşu gibi)
He was a forgotten star but rose from the ashes after that commercial.
a cheerful or optimistic view of things, usually without valid basis
It’s normal that she sees the world in rose-colored glasses in her age.
bright or promising; cheerful or optimistic
parlak, ümit veren
The experts find the incidents rosy for the region’s peace.
rub salt in the wound
to make a difficult situation even worse for someone
yarasına tuz basmak
Visiting the places of her childhood rubbed salt in the wound.
rub someone the wrong way
sinirine/ damarına dokunmak
Judith rubbed me in the wrong way by asking my salary.
same old, same old
used to say that a situation is unchanged or unexciting
eski tas, eski hamam
Her parents, her teachers and everyone warned her; but same old, same old.
maintain one's pride and honor; not be disgraced
He tried to save his face by inviting her for a meal.
save your breath!
hopeless to convince the other way
nefesini boşa harcama!
He won’t change his mind. Save your breath!
say the least
to make the minimum comment about something or someone
To say the last, you got to work harder to get to university.
sb's or sth's days are numbered
won’t survive much longer
I think the fridges days are numbered. It makes strange sounds these days.
scare the hell out off sb
scare sb very badly
When Rudy called me in the dark, he scared the hell out off me.
scratch someone’s back
return a favor
iyiliğin karşılığını vermek
If you support me in the union elections, I’ll scratch your back some day.
scratch the surface
study something superficially
Though I just scratched the surface, it was enough for me to pass the exam.
I don't know
When I asked who blemished my shirt. She said, ‘search me.’
used, not brand new
As he couldn’t afford a new one, he bought a second hand car.
see eye to eye
to agree, to concur
uyuşmak, aynı fikirde birleşmek
We never see eye to eye with my wife on children education.
see how the land lies
assess a situation before taking action
zemin etüdü yapmak
I’ll see how the land lies before moving Colombia.
become very angry
The passengers saw red when they learnt the flight was postponed for the third time.
sell someone down the river
Terry sold me down the river when his girlfriend phoned.
sell someone short
Our team sold the opponent short and was shocked when they beat them badly.
sell like hotcakes
to be very popular and sought after
peynir ekmek gibi satmak
I didn’t expect the book would be a success, but it sold like hotcakes.
serve sb right
to receive one's just punishment
hak etmek, müstahak olmak
It serves Dan right to be expelled from school. He failed all his exams.
serve one's purpose
to be useful, to suit one's needs or requirements
işe yaramak, hora geçmek
This camp bed really served its purpose. Thank you.
to exchange greetings by clasping hands
When people meet for the first time, they usually shake hands.
shape up or ship out
behave properly or leave
ya bu deveyi güdersin ya bu diyardan gidersin
Victor was always complaining about the hours, eventually the boss told him ‘shape up or
shed crocodile tears
to seem, hypocritically and insincerely, to be sad about sth when one is not
timsah göz yaşları dökmek
Britain has exploited Africa for years and raising charity for them now. They just shed
shoot of one’s mouth
express one’s opinion loudly
I’ve never seen him acting but she is always shooting of her mouth.
shoot the breeze
havadan sudan konuşmak
We didn’t talk about serious matters. We just shot the breeze.
shooting yourself in the foot
harming yourself unintentionally
kendi ayağına sıkmak
Betraying their spy was shooting themselves in the foot.
shoulder to shoulder
side by side in a cooperative effort
In the First World War, people all around Turkey fought shoulder to shoulder.
give the impression of having the ability to do something in the future
gelecek vaat etmek
The producers called her for an interview. Maybe, she showed promise in acting.
show sb the door
tell sb to leave
When the reporter asked about the impropriety, the colonel showed her the door.
sight and safe
without any damage
We are happy to arrive home sight and safe despite the heavy snow.
to become calmer and quieter
After it simmers down, I’ll ask him about the quarrel.
sing the blues
to be disappointed or disillusioned
Juliet is singing the blues since her father scolded her.
in a fortunate position
Patrick found golden shikke in his village worth thousands. He is really sitting pretty.
slip of the tongue
say sth wrong unintentionally
sürçü lisan etmek
Calling her missis was the slip of a tongue.
smart as a fox
Take care of him. He is smart as a fox.
The insurance seller deceived everyone with his snow job.
until now, until the present time
He promised to call me in two hours. However he hasn’t called so far.
an overly dramatic and emotional story broadcast regularly on the radio or television
The soap operas make up a billion dollar market in Brazil and Argentina.
something is up to someone
it is one's responsibility to take care of something; or to make a decision
birini yada bir şeye bağlı/ kalmış
I don’t want to affect your decision. It’s up to you to choose the university.
sooner or later
eventually, after a period of time
You have to do your homework sooner or later. You had better finish it now.
speak highly about sb.
praise; tell good things about sb.
Although it has been ten years since his death, Mrs. Tiffany still speaks highly about her
wound or kill people
As usual U.S. forces invaded a country and spilt blood.
spill the beans
reveal a secret
Don’t rely on her. She will certainly spill the beans about your wedding.
spread oneself too thin
become involved in too many activities
pek çok işi aynı anda yapmak
Frank spread himself to thin and not surprisingly spoilt some of the work.
stab in the back
betray sb or an act of treachery
He thought Leo was his friend, but he stabbed him in the back by sleeping with his wife.
stand a chance
to have the possibility of accomplishing sth
Turkey doesn’t stand a chance to beat Norway.
stands to reason
to be clear and logical
görünüşe bakılırsa, anlaşılan
It stands to reason that she isn't considering marriage.
stick one’s neck out
take a risk
If that was his own business, he wouldn’t stick his neck out.
support each other, unite
We have to stick together to defend our country.
straight from the horse's mouth
from the original or a trustworthy source
The papers claim to get the information straight from the horse's mouth.
straight from the shoulder
açık sözlü, dobra dobra
She is straight from the shoulder but that she sometimes offends her friends.
straw that broke the camel’s back
the last unpleasant event which finally makes you feel that you can’t tolerate
bardağı taşıran son damla
I’ve been tolerating his disgraceful behaviours for years, but swearing was the straw that
broke the camel’s back
stubborn as a mule
keçi gibi inatçı
This debate can last hours. She is so stubborn.
the sun side of the picture
the good side of the situation
işin güzel yanı, işin iyi tarafı
We had to wait for one more day in Rio. The sun side of the picture is that the organization
paid for the extra night.
take a risk
do sth dangerous or risky
You are taking a risk by investing on a bankrupt business.
take a trip
to go on a journey, to travel
I’m really fed up with the work. I want to take a trip.
take a walk
to go for a walk, stroll, hike, etc.
yürüyüşe çıkmak, gezintiye çıkmak
Would you like to take a walk around the lake?
take advantage of
to use well, to profit from; to use another person's weaknesses to gain what one wants
faydalanmak, lehine kullanmak
You treat him nice because you want to take advantage of his position.
take at one's word
to accept what one says as true, to believe
She said she would arrange the band but I didn’t take at her word as she had let us down
many times before.
take by surprise
to surprise, to amaze, to astonish
His marriage proposal took me by surprise.
take for granted
not to appreciate fully
He always took his mother granted until she died of cancer.
take hold of
to grasp, to grip with the heads
tutunmak, destek almak
You must take hold of the rope if you want to reach the summit securely.
take into account
to consider a fact while evaluating a situation
göz önünde bulundurmak, dikkate almak
You should take into account that he won a gold medal in previous games.
take one's time
to do without rush, not to hurry
There's no need to hurry finishing the project. Take your time.
to work carefully and conscientiously
He takes pain in his work and this brings him success.
take part in
to be involved in, to participate in
yer almak, katılmak
He wants to take part in the ceremony. Can I call him, too?
to occur, to happen according to plan
gerçekleşmek, meydana gelmek
When will the festival take place?
take sb under your wing
take care of or protect sb
kanatlarının altına almak
The manager took the freshman under his wings learning that he was from his hometown.
prepare for sth and put it into action
adım atmak, önlem almak
The government is determined to take steps against the terrorist attacks.
take sth with a grain of salt
only half believe sth someone has said
her dediğine kanmamak
You had better take Yuri’s words with a grain of salt. He is not that honest.
take the bull by the horns
to handle a difficult situation with determination
You should take the bull by the horns and tell her your feelings.
take the cake
to surpass all others, especially in some undesirable quality
bu kadarına da pes!
That takes the cake! You forgot to bring your homework for the third time.
take the floor
rise to speak to a group of people to begin to dance, e.g. in a ballroom or nightclub
The Cranberries will take the floor after the fireworks.
to alternate, to change people while doing something
We decided to take turns to use the car. I’m the first to use.
talk a blue streak
talk continuously, rapidly, or interminably
She was talking a blue streak and I couldn’t help saying ‘shut up!’
talk through one’s hat
make foolish statement
I feel tense while being with people who talks through their hats.
teach sb a lesson
to give sb a rebuke or punishment which will serve as a warning
birine dersini vermek, haddini bildirmek
He has been behaving really badly these days. Somebody needs to teach him a lesson.
tell that to the marines
I don’t believe in you
I tried to explain that I was innocent, but the cop just said ‘tell that to the marines’.
that makes two of us
to be in the same unpleasant situation, or have the same negative feelings
sen mi, ben mi!
“I’ve never seen such a bad painting before”
“That makes two of us”
think nothing of it
forget it, don't worry about it; that's all right
kafana takma, dert etme
Just think nothing of the kids. I’ll take care of them.
throw sb a curve
to introduce an unexpected topic, causing embarrassment
pot kırmak, çam devirmek
He threw Mrs. Ferity a curve when he asked about her son.
throw in the towel
There were seven companies in adjudicate but many threw in the towel against SRD Co.
throw the book at
to punish with full penalty, to be harsh on
The governor threw the book at the officer when he learnt about the scandal.
tie the knot
başı bağlanmak (evlenmek)
As soon as he turned back his country, he tied the not.
tighten your belt
reduce your expenditures
If we are to afford a car we had to tighten our belts.
till one is blue in the face
until one can say no more in trying to convince someone
dilinde tüy bitmek
Llanos talked to her daughter till he is blue in the face, but she just kept on her mistakes.
time will tell
impossible to know or estimate sth until some time in the future
I can’t tell anything about the new law. Time will tell.
to the very end
for as long as is possible, however unpleasant the situation becomes
There was no one in my hard times; however, Paula walked with me to the very end.
toot one’s own horn
Mrs. Mackey always toots her own horn about his doctor son.
tooth for tooth
Victim’s father just said ‘tooth for tooth!’
After Cynthia was in tears, he told her that he was just saying that tongue-in-cheek.
touch and go
risky, uncertain until the end
son ana kadar belli olmayan
The war was touch and go until eventually, Russia stepped back.
to receive credit for the value of an old item for buying a new item
takas, takas etmek
There is a trade in for the carpets. You buy the new for $100 cheaper if you bring the old one.
unwaveringly loyal or faithful
The knight showed he was true-blue to his majesty by fighting death for him.
ignore someone or something
Rudi tuned out while his mother advised him about the school stuff.
turn over a new leaf
make a fresh start
yeni bir sayfa açmak
After the serious operation she had, she decided to turn over a new leaf.
turn over in the grave
emphasize how displeased or upset sb dead would be if he/ she knew what was happening
If my grandpa saw his sons now, he would turn over in his grave.
turn your back on sb or sth
ignore or reject sb or sth
Felony was so keen on her husband but now she turned her back on him.
turn up your nose at sth
refuse to accept sth because you feel it is unworthy
Since he has a computer now, he will turn up his nose at the typewriter.
turn up your toes (!)
He was drinking hard and fighting everyday. At the end, he turned up his toes in a bar.
twist sb around your little finger
utilize sb according to your wishes
She is such a hard woman that she twists her husband around her little finger.
under the knife
At the moment he is under the knife for a plastic surgery.
under the weather
not feeling well, sick
I feel under the weather. I think it’s because of the season.
the unkindest cut of all
the worst side of
işin en kötüsü
Elroy got caught for speed limit. The unkindest cut of all, he was drunk.
up to date
modern; current, timely
This virus software is not up to date. It is no use.
up one’s sleeve
aklında olmak, tasarlamak
I hear you won’t be in Cairo this summer. What is up your sleeve?
ups and downs
changes of fortune or alternating spells of good and bad experiences
hayattaki iniş çıkışlar
The ups and downs made him a mature man.
with the upper side turned toward the lower side
baş aşağı, kafa üstü
A book put upside down, took my attention.
formerly did, had the habit of
eski alışkanlıklar anlatılırken kullanılır
They used to go hiking when they were in north.
walk on air
be extremely happy
When I told her we were going on a holiday she walked on air.
waste one's breath
not be able to convince someone
nefesini boşa harcamak
I’ll join that party. Don’t waste your breath.
watch one's step
be careful in one's conduct
kendine çeki düzen vermek
I thought the manager would send me away. He just said ‘watch your steps’.
wave the white flag
give up; surrender; yield
Even if they wave the white flag, kill them!
weasel out of sth
to evade an obligation or duty
Terry weasels out of tidying his room unless his mother forces.
wet behind the ears
He doesn’t even know what a hotdog is. He is really wet behind the ears.
dull or boring person who spoils the happiness of others
Why did you invite her to the party? Don’t you know she is a wet blanket?
what is the matter?
what is wrong, what is the problem?
You were laughing a minute ago. What’s the matter now?
whistle in the dark
pretend to keep up your courage although you’re afraid
karanlıkta ıslık çalmak
He says he is not afraid but actually he is whistling in the dark.
a possession unwanted by the owner but difficult to dispose of
elde kalmış mal
After the company went bankruptcy, all its machines became white elephant.
a minor, polite, or harmless lie
Although it was a white lie, it made me cautious towards her words anymore.
anything, such as deceptive words or actions, used to cover up faults, errors
Helping the poor didn’t satisfy anyone. They all knew it was a whitewash.
the whole caboodle
Some families came whole caboodle to the PTA. How fun!
wife and children
all the family
We went to visit my uncle wife and children.
an hopeless search for something nonexistent or unobtainable
samanlıkta iğne aramak
The cops are searching for a blonde suspect with a beard. What a wild-goose chase!
with all my heart
I wish you good luck with all my heart in your exams.
wolf in sheep's clothing
a person who conceals his evil intentions or character behind an innocent exterior
kuzu postunda kurt
He seems friendly but he hits you from the back. He is a wolf in sheep's clothing.
would give my right arm for sth
would do or give anything to get sth that you want
He isn’t pleased with his house but I’d give my right arm for it.
would just as soon
I would just as soon buy this jean. It fits better.
I would rather have an orange juice. Coke makes me sick.
year in, year out
in a regular or repeated way over a long period of time
The company begins to flourish year in, year out after the effective commercials.
Verb combined with another word: a verb followed by an adverb, a preposition, or both, used with
an idiomatic meaning that is often quite different from the literal meaning of the individual words.
As there is usually no indicator whether an idiomatic phrase is separable, inseparable, or intransitive,
so you must learnt these phrases by heart. In this book, I defined the type of the verb right after it.
Separable or inseparable?
Some particles can be separated from the verb so that a noun and pronoun can be inserted, and some
particles can't be separated from the verb. Study the examples:
hesaba katmak, saymak
Don’t count me in unless you go by train.
Don’t count in me unless you go by train.
This red tie doesn’t go with your jacket.
This red tie doesn’t go your jacket with. (wrong)
Transitive or intransitive?
Some phrases are intransitive, meaning they cannot take a direct object and some are transitive,
meaning they can take a direct object. Study the examples:
We eat out every Saturday.
We eat out a meal every Saturday.
Fifa put off today’s match due to the bad weather.
Fifa put today’s match off due to the bad weather.
Abbreviations in phrasal verbs:
transitive and intransitive
act like (is) (it)
behave in a way that's like
Why are you acting like a child?
act up (is) (it)
Stop acting up and do your homework.
ask after (is) (t)
ask for news of
hal hatır sormak
Jenny asked after you.
ask for (is) (t)
deserve a bad incident
bir ceza yada belayı hak etmek
I am not sorry for him. He asked for it.
back off (is) (it)
not follow a threat
geri adım atmak
We told them we would sue them but they didn’t back off.
back out off (is) (it)
Now that you’ve signed the contract, you can’t back out off it.
back up (s) (t)
confirm a story, facts, or information
bir bilgiyi desteklemek
He is not lying. His friend backed up his story as well.
back up (s) (t)
copy computer files
I wish I had backed up the file. I have to write it again now.
be in (is) (it)
What is in this summer?
be out (is) (it)
These days, blue jeans are in and long skirts are out.
be over (is) (it)
bitmek, sona ermek (etkinlik için)
We can leave now. The party is over.
be up (is) (it)
tükenmek, bitmek (zaman için)
The time is up, please hand in the exam papers.
be up to (is) (it)
to be doing
uğraşmak, meşgul olmak
I’ve not seen you recently. What are you up to?
become of (is) (it)
What has become of my watch? I have put it here!
beef sth up (s) (t)
make something stronger
The army decided to beef up the units around the boundary.
blow up (is) (vit)
The bomb will blow up when he starts his car.
blow up (is) (t)
make sb nervous
Dorothy blew up when her son told he was suspended from school.
break away (is) (it)
abandon a habit
alışkanlık terk etmek
You have to break away your bad habits, if you want to live healthy.
break down (s) (it)
Did the TV break down? I can’t switch it on.
break in (s) (it)
enter by force
kilidi kırıp girmek
When we were on holiday, somebody broke in and took the TV and computer.
break off (is) (vit)
end a relationship
I can’t believe that they broke off. They were so happy.
break out of (is) (it)
bir yerden kaçmak
Two prisoners broke out of jail yesterday.
break up (is) (vit)
end (school, education)
okulların tatil olması
When does the school break up in Germany?
bring back (is) (t)
The photo brought back her to childhood.
bring on (s) (t)
The agents are trying to find out what brought on the fire.
bring out (s) (t)
introduce sth for sale
yeni bir ürün sürmek
The chairman of Dell told they would bring out three new models next week.
bring round (is) (t)
Why don’t you bring round the pollution problem in the council?
bring round (s) (t)
make conscious again
We couldn’t bring her round for two hours.
bring up (s) (t)
My Grandma brought me up as my parents were working.
brush up on (is) (t)
I need to brush up on the papers before the exam.
burn up (is) (t)
make sb furious
My father will burn up when I tell him my grades.
burst in (is) (it)
enter without knocking
Don’t burst in here again! Knock on the door first.
butter up (s) (t)
George is buttering the new manager up.
butt in (is) (it)
They didn’t let the author speak because they constantly butt in.
buy up (s) (t)
purchase all of a comodity
tamamını satın almak
Chevrolet bought up Daewoo motors last week.
call away (is) (t)
call for business
iş için çağrılmak
The branch managers are called away to the US.
call by (is) (it)
visit for a short time
I just called by to return your book. Thanks.
call for (is) (t)
The situation calls for immediate action.
call in (is) (it)
visit to do sth
I called in at the chemist’s to buy some aspirins.
call off (s) (t)
The concert is called off because of the rain.
call up (s) (it)
The nationalist called up the army.
calm down (s) (it)
Calm down! We are going to find a solution.
care for (is) (vit)
be affectionate to sb
Gina really cares for her children.
carry out (is) (t)
complete a task
görevi yerine getirmek
Although he was suspicious about the consequences, he had to carry out the project.
catch on (is) (it)
begin to understand
You will like the story when you catch on.
catch up with (is) (it)
reach sb/sth traveling ahead
Rudy has been ill for a week. He will have to catch up with his friends.
check in (is) (vit)
otele kayıt yapmak
After you check in, you can use the hotel pool.
check out (is) (it)
follow procedures for leaving a hotel
You have to check out on time, or else they will charge you one more day.
check over (is) (t)
examine if sth is correct
doğruluğunu kontrol etmek
The consulate will check over your papers to decide on your visa.
cheer up (is) (it)
make sb feel less sad
Even the cartoon on TV didn’t cheer up little girl.
chew out (is) (t)
The boss chewed out Martin as he forgot to hand in his report.
clear up (s) (it)
If it clears up, we will go for a picnic.
close down (s) (vit)
geçici bir sure için kapatmak
All the stores in town are closed down for the festival.
cop out (is) (it)
withdraw from an activity
satmak, yarı yolda bırakmak
He was to arrange the band for the wedding but he copped out at last minute.
come across (is) (t)
şans eseri bulmak
I came across these old photos while I was looking for my certificates.
come by (is) (t)
How did you come by this old camera?
come down with (is) (t)
become ill with
He came down with flu as he ate so much ice-cream.
come in (is) (it)
finish in particular position
gelmek (yarışta 1. 2. vs.)
The Turkish athlete came first in long jump.
come in (is) (it)
Leather jackets came in when Michael Jackson wore it 1980s.
come into (is) (t)
Mr. Shepherd came into two houses and a car after his uncle’s death.
come off (is) (t)
The buttons will come off if you keep playing with them.
come on (is) (it)
yavaş yavaş başlamak
The flight fares are going up as the summer comes on.
come out (is) (it)
The flowers started coming out after two weeks we planted them.
come round (is) (it)
visit for a short time
I think he is coming round to see you.
come round (is) (it)
become conscious again
The boy came round when they washed his face.
come round to (is) (it)
He will come round to our plan if you explain it well.
come through (is) (it)
The passenger came through without a scratch in the accident.
come up against (is) (t)
experience a trouble
It’s normal to come up against these kinds of problems abroad.
count in (s) (t)
hesaba katmak, saymak
Don’t count me in unless you go by train.