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Healthy Northeast Initiative Hartford, Connecticut Robert Wood Johnson FoundationRoadmaps to Health Community Prize Application June 7, 2012
A Vision For a Safer, Healthier and more Prosperous Northeast Hartford
Healthy Northeast Key Collaborators• City of Hartford • Donaghue Foundation• Department of Health and Human Services • Connecticut Health Foundation• Burgdorf/Bank of America Health Center • Conway School of Landscape Design• University of Hartford College of • Ebony Horsewomen Children’s Program Education, Nursing and Health Professions • Friends of Keney Park• University of Connecticut • Hartford Catholic Worker Center for Public Health and Health Policy • Hartford Foundation for Public Giving• Center Central Connecticut Area Health Education • Husky Sport• Community Solutions • Hartford Housing Authority• Saint Francis Primary Care Center • Journey Home and Health Equity Center • Judah House• Hartford Food System • Martin Luther King School• Catholic Charities • NAACP• Center for Children’s Advocacy • North Star• Chrysalis Center • Northeast Neighborhood Partners, Inc.• Community Health Center, Inc. • Northeast Neighborhood Revitalization Zone• Community Health Centers • Peacebuilders Association of Connecticut • Salvation Army• Community Health Services • Smith College• Community Partners in Action • Three Generations Navaehn• Community Renewal Team/Generations • United States District Attorney Office• Center/Hartford Childhood Wellness Alliance • Urban Alliance• Connecticut Community Care • Vine Street Blockwatch Group
By connecting vulnerable populations to thesupports they need, and strengthening the social and economic fabric of their neighborhoods, people can remain stably housed within the context of their own communities
Northeast Hartford At $75,086, Hartford had the highest per-capita GDP in Downtown 2011 of the 200 largest Hartford metropolitan economies in the world Northeast Hartford’s estimated median household income is $20,389 and the neighborhood has a poverty rate of 38% Hartford Connecticut
The NortheastNeighborhoodPopulation: 10,137•Foreign Born 892: (8.8%)•Black, Non-Hispanic: 8,039 (79.3%)•White, Non-Hispanic: 142 (1.4%)•Other Race: 30 (0.3%)•Hispanic: 1,926 (19%) Keney ParkKeney Park makes up 40% of the neighborhood
Community Asset MapWe mapped everything in the neighborhood that was not a house to determine what assets and resources already existed in the neighborhood and where there were gaps.
Community Resource Database We converted the information gathered on the map into a database of all existing resources serving the neighborhood. We are partnering with Hartford Public Libraryand Hartford Department of Health and Human Services to make the database a user- friendly online resource for the whole neighborhood.
How do we address Northeast Hartford’schallenges and leverage its assets for positive change?
The Swift Factory Swift Factory The remediated factory complex will be renovated to provide space for light industry, entrepreneurs, artisans and food production,creating 50 jobs and serving as a catalyst for economic development throughout the neighborhood.
Five-Corners Farm In partnership with Hartford Food System and Knox Parks Foundation, wetransformed the open space on the Swift factory site into an urban farm that is in its second growing season.
Keney Park Address Swift Factory Redevelopment Neighborhood Conditions & Health Issues Supportive Housing Strengthen the Economic and Northeast Social Fabric of Neighborhood Grow the Community Create Residents Healthy 50 Jobs Food Integrated Health, Employment & Social Enhance Services walkability and physical Anchor Neighborhood connections Revitalization between neighborhood Build Partnerships assets and Social ConnectionsInterior of the Swift Factory
Parker Memorial New Private Low- Brackett Park Community Center Income Housing •Construction has begun •Open greenspace •Brand new multi-million dollar facility with •New playscape and Gymnasium, Pool & Computer labs for new homes on land that was part of Brackett shelter slated for Park construction Westtland S Wes land Stre treett eNelton Court Exit OnlyPublic Housing Exit Only Driveway Driveway•Recently torn down•Will be replaced by 80new low-income rentalunits4New entrance off ofWestland Street will addactivity to the street andcould connect to PMCC
KeneyKeney Churches Building a visible public life in the Park Park neighborhood Swift Swift Factory Factory Urban Hope Urban Hope Church Church 5-Corners 5-Corners Intersection Intersection Churches are a source of social capital “We used to go to services and afterwards everybody •23 churches in the neighborhood gathered in Keney Park, •Already active communities the place to meet.”
Edge of Park Baseball Fieldsh •Active and • Cricket, baseball visible from and basketball the street are all popular Swift Factory activities in the park
Edge of Park The Simpson-h Waverly School 0 Swift Factory • 10 schools • Keney Park has a rich within a half- biodiversity, and could serve mile of the park as a valuable educational resource.
Edge of Park Swift Factory Pedestrian Entrance at Love Lane • Entrances are not clearly marked or welcoming• Dense forest and undergrowth prevent clear site lines and Pedestrian Entrance near Keney Pond makes the park feel more dangerous Park Entrances
Edge of Park Gully Brook Swift Factory•Illegal dumping •Parkoccurs here and maintenance isthroughout the restricted by apark limited budget
Edge of Park Keney Park Pond House Swift Factory • Keney Pond and West Meadow are the most active areas in the park • New playground • There is no sidewalk so • Swimming pool pedestrians entering • Pond from the street are • Summer camps forced to share the driveway with cars
Guiding Principles for Safe Design Taken from crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) and prospect and refuge design theory•Natural Surveillance • Visibility of others and visibility by others•Control and Choice • Known entrances and exits • Ability to escape•Legibility & Coherence • Knowing where you are and where you’re going • Familiarity & ability to read your environment•Maintenance • Public areas that are unmaintained invite criminal behavior • Devote resources fully to smaller areas and expand only as more resources become available•Territoriality • Places need to “belong” to somebody. Care shows ownership.
Pedestrian Entrance to Keney Park on Edgewood StreetObservations: Recommendations:•The entrance is unmarked •Create a managed forest edge with no•Visibility is limited by underbrush near the trail.vegetation •Add inviting signage that lets people know•Not wheelchair accessible where they are and where the trail leads. •Add a bench or plantings to formalize the entrance and show that it is cared for. •Add a curb cut for accessibility
Ho lco m Gully Brook b St re et Keney Park Ebony Horse Women Keney Golf Course Keney Pond Lo ve etGr re L St an ee ne d e Vi nfi oo eld W w ge es Ed tla Swift Site nd St ree t Proposed Park Edge Greenway •5 new pedestrian entrances • Moreinviting walking environment than the street •Pedestrians experience woods •Safer park = more people while being visible from the street more people = safer park
Park Edge Greenway Parking Bike Lane Bike Lane Parking SidewalkCross Section of Park Edge Greenway on Vine StreetPark edge on Vine Street Park edge on Vine Street
Why is Walkability Important?People at the lowest end of the economic stratum are particularly vulnerable to economic or social disruption Access to supportive social and health services can be the difference between a family or individual becoming homeless or staying in their home 43% of households in Northeast Hartford do not own vehicles The people who most need services, frequently have the most difficulty traveling to them.
Safe PedestrianCrossingsClearly markedcrossingsCurb Extensions•Make pedestrians more visible &shortens walking distance•Narrows street, causing cars tonaturally slow•Expands right of way and providesmore space for trees, stormwaterinfiltration or street furniture
Inviting Streets•Lighting•Trash Cans•Bus Shelters & BenchesAdd Street Trees &Vegetation•Studies in poor urbanneighborhoods have shown thatvegetation that does not blockvisibility can actually reducecrime and help residents feelmore hopeful about the future. Westland & Barbour Street Kuo and Sullivan, 2001Repair Sidewalks•Degraded sections of sidewalk are barriers to mobility Main Street south of Battles Street
Keney Future Swift Park Homes & Factory Future Urban Street Site Farm Extension Love Lane Risley Street Parker Memorial Earle Street Community Center & Brackett Park Westland Street Green & Residential Corridor to Keney Park •The 0.6 mile journey from the PMCC to Keney Park would be through green space and quiet residential streets. •Crosses directly through the Swift Factory’s Urban Farm •Avoids the higher traffic and criminal activity of Westland Street. Keney Park Swift Factory PMCC
Vacant Lots• Invite crime and illegal dumping• Cause decreased property values• Costmoney for city to maintain • Foster community connections & interactions • Enhance ecological health of neighborhoods • Provide food and educational opportunities • Provide green space for passive and active recreation • Increase property values by as much as 30%
‘Green’ Strategies for transforming vacant lots: Stabilize Lots•Shows that aspace is cared for•Deters criminalactivities•Increasesproperty values•Enhancesecosystem health
Green Strategies for transforming vacant lots: •Community Gardens •Pocket ParksStabilize Public Art •Market Gardens •Urban Farms Recreational Sites •Nurseries
Potential Pocket Park t Swif Plan view of intersection Vacant lot•Highly Visible•Centrally located nearSwift, in betweenKeney Park and ParkerCenter•Low cost solution withlarge impact•Increases bus stopsafety andneighborhood safety Vacant Lot on corner Garden & Westland Streets
In the 1930’s, 40’s and 50’s: In the 1930’s, 40’s and 50’s: “That intersection of Love Lane, Garden & Westland Swift Swift Street had all the conveniences, from a barber shop, Factory Factory Lasoff’s Bakery, a cleaners, and First National Grocery (which later became a Stop & Shop), to a shoe repair, kosher meat market, and Shvetz Home Circle Grocery.” 5-Corners 5-Corners Intersection Intersection5-Corners was once a vibrant commercial intersection
Swift Factory 5-Corners Intersectio nSwift SiteThe southernmost corner of the Possible Uses:Swift site is a very visible,prominent space that could be •Multi-use structuretransformed into a way-station or •Moveable furniture (hay bales)green oasis, as well as a •Farm standdestination that could actively •Pocket Parkengage the community before •Outdoor movie nightsthe building itself is renovated. •Performances
Building upon a Vibrant Northeast Hartford These diverse ideas will contribute to anongoing conversation with residents about how they envision their future