æ-­‐lab:	
  Research	
  Lab	
  for	
  Architectural	
  Engineering	
  
“using	
  engineering	
  tools	
  to	
  create	
  a...
æ-­‐lab:	
  Transform	
  
“Transformable	
  Structures	
  for	
  Sustainable	
  Development”	
  
ExperDse:	
  
•  Technica...
Dynamic	
  Reuse	
  Strategies	
  for	
  the	
  retrofiJng	
  of	
  	
  
post-­‐war	
  housing	
  in	
  Brussels	
  
Contex...
Enhancing	
  the	
  adaptable	
  capacity	
  of	
  urban	
  fragments	
  
Context:	
  
Sustainable	
  urban	
  development...
Technical	
  and	
  financial	
  assessment	
  approach	
  for	
  
transformable	
  construcFon	
  typologies	
  
Context:	...
Dynamic	
  detailing	
  of	
  building	
  elements	
  	
  
specified	
  to	
  the	
  Belgian	
  context

	
  

Context:	
  ...
Design	
  and	
  Analysis	
  of	
  Deployable	
  Structures	
  with	
  Universal	
  	
  
Scissor	
  Components	
  (USC)	
 ...
OpFmal	
  geometric	
  and	
  kinemaFc	
  design	
  of	
  foldable	
  scissor	
  	
  
and	
  plate	
  structures	
  for	
 ...
Robust	
  design	
  opFmisaFon	
  for	
  deployable	
  adaptable	
  shelters	
  

Emergency	
  tent	
  (for	
  field	
  hos...
AdapFve	
  shading	
  elements	
  based	
  on	
  curved-­‐line	
  folding	
  
Context:	
  
Since	
  the	
  control	
  of	
...
Transformable	
  ‘acBve	
  bending’-­‐structures	
  	
  
for	
  temporary	
  architectural	
  shelters	
  
Context:	
  
Th...
æ-­‐lab:	
  Re-­‐Use	
  
“reconcile	
  the	
  authen8city	
  of	
  architectural	
  heritage	
  with	
  modern	
  standard...
Riveted	
  connecFons	
  in	
  historical	
  metal	
  structures	
  (1840-­‐1940)	
  
Hot-­‐driven	
  rivets:	
  technolog...
Understanding	
  and	
  conserving	
  the	
  post-­‐war	
  housing	
  stock	
  
in	
  Brussels	
  (1945-­‐1975).	
  Retrofi...
Architectural	
  Heritage	
  &	
  Energy	
  Efficiency:	
  
RenovaFon	
  strategies	
  for	
  stone	
  imitaFng	
  rendering...
Reuse	
  and	
  opFmizaFon	
  of	
  heat-­‐	
  and	
  wind-­‐induced	
  low-­‐pressure	
  	
  
venFlaFon	
  systems	
  
Co...
IntegraFng	
  human	
  behavior	
  in	
  dynamic	
  energy	
  simulaFons	
  	
  
in	
  homes	
  
Context:	
  
Current	
   ...
SmartBlind	
  Project	
  
Context:	
  
The	
   potenFal	
   for	
   improving	
   the	
   glazed	
   facades	
   and	
   w...
æ-­‐lab:	
  Lightweight	
  Structures	
  Lab	
  
	
  
ExperDse:	
  
•  Structural	
  design	
  and	
  analysis	
  of	
  
m...
Architectural	
  and	
  structural	
  design	
  of	
  adaptable	
  lightweight	
  structures	
  
Context:	
  
Lightweight	...
S(P)EEDKITS:	
  Rapid	
  deployable	
  kits	
  as	
  seeds	
  for	
  self	
  
recovery	
  
Context:	
  
More	
  and	
  mor...
Integrated	
  analysis	
  and	
  experimental	
  verificaFon	
  of	
  KinemaFc	
  Form	
  AcFve	
  
Structures	
  for	
  ar...
Inflatable/Tensairity	
  structures	
  
Context:	
  
Inflatable	
  structures	
  are	
  mostly	
  known	
  for	
  
their	
  ...
TexFle	
  Reinforced	
  Cement	
  (TRC)	
  composites	
  as	
  flexible	
  formwork	
  and	
  	
  
tensile	
  reinforcement...
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Sustainable Construction Research at Vrije Universiteit Brussel - 2014

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A presentation of the research team and project research by the Vrije Universiteit Brussel on the domain of sustainable construction. Provided by NCP Brussels and the Greenov Cluster

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Sustainable Construction Research at Vrije Universiteit Brussel - 2014

  1. 1. æ-­‐lab:  Research  Lab  for  Architectural  Engineering   “using  engineering  tools  to  create  architecture”   æ-­‐LAB  is  the  research  laboratory  of  the  department  of  Architectural  Engineering  at  the   Vrije  Universiteit  Brussel.     The  research  within  æ-­‐LAB  is  focused  on  three  topics  that  ask  for  an  interdisciplinary   approach:                   Transform   niels.de.temmerman@vub.ac.be                Re-­‐use                  ine.wouters@vub.ac.be  Lightweight  Structures  Lab    marijke.mollaert@vub.ac.be       h$p://www.vub.ac.be/ARCH/ae-­‐lab/    
  2. 2. æ-­‐lab:  Transform   “Transformable  Structures  for  Sustainable  Development”   ExperDse:   •  Technical  and  structural  performance  of   transformable  structures  -­‐  from  rapidly   deployable  to  permanent  building   structures   •  Their  environmental  and  financial  life  cycle   impact   •  Their  implementaFon  in  at  urban,  building   and  component  scale   Transform  
  3. 3. Dynamic  Reuse  Strategies  for  the  retrofiJng  of     post-­‐war  housing  in  Brussels   Context:   Post  war  apartment  buildings  in  Brussels  require   urgent  renovaDon  measures:    introduce  material   and  waste  efficiency  over  remaining  life  cycle   ObjecDve:   Develop  dynamic  soluDons  for  renovaDon         based  on  detailing  with  reversible  connecDons  &   reusable  and  standardised  building  elements,   which  anFcipate  alteraDons  during  the             building  life  cycle  so  that  demoliDon  waste  and   material  consumpDon  is  avoided   Researcher(s):  dr.  ir.  arch.  Anne  Paduart   Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Niels  De  Temmerman   Transform   CURRENT   SOLUTIONS   DYNAMIC   SOLUTIONS   static  
  4. 4. Enhancing  the  adaptable  capacity  of  urban  fragments   Context:   Sustainable  urban  development  is  based  on   dynamic  theories  such  as  transiFon   management  or  resilience,  but  sustainable   urban  neighbourhouds  are  not  built  for   change.     ObjecDve:   A  methodology  to  demonstrate  the  impact  of   change  on  urban  projects  and  the  importance   of  adaptability  in  reaching  sustainability  goals   by  means  of  a  guided  parDcipaDve  design   experiment,  supported  by  a  framework  of   assessment  tools  and  guidelines.   Researcher:  ir.  arch.  Pieter  Herthogs   Supervisors:  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Niels  De  Temmerman,  dr.  Yves  De  Weerdt  (VITO)   Transform  
  5. 5. Technical  and  financial  assessment  approach  for   transformable  construcFon  typologies   Context:   The  financial  effects  of  ‘transformability’  are   hardly  understood  and  only  parFally  included   in  other  researches.  However,  a  constantly   changing  configuraFon  and  performance  are   expected  to  have  an  important  impact  on  its   financial  feasibility.   ObjecDve:   New  insights  in  the  impact  of  design  choices   on  the  financial  feasibility  of  transformable   buildings,  consFtuFng  the  basis  for  mulFple   building  and  design  assessment  tools.   A  life-­‐cycle  approach  on  buildings,  components  and   materials  for  a  holisBc  assessment  of  our  built   environment  and  assets  under  development.   Researcher:    Waldo  Galle,  MSc  in  engineering:  architectural  design  and  construcFon   Supervisor:  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Niels  De  Temmerman   Transform  
  6. 6. Dynamic  detailing  of  building  elements     specified  to  the  Belgian  context   Context:   When  adapFng  buildings  to  evolving   requirements,  (parFal)  demoliFon  is  o[en  the   only  opFon  due  to  the  non-­‐adaptable  way   buildings  were  iniFally  constructed.  The   environmental  impact  of  these  energy  and   material  consuming  intervenFons  can  be  reduced   by  implemenFng  an  addiFonal  parameter  during   the  design  phase:  the  Fme  dimension.       ObjecDve:   Dynamic  detailing  of  building  elements  (based  on   tradiFonal/staFc  masonry,  steel,  Fmber,  cycle   closed  and  concrete  construcFon)  &  development   of  a  design  framework   Researcher(s):  ir.  arch.  Mieke  Vandenbroucke   Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Niels  De  Temmerman,  dr.  ir.  arch.  Wim  Debacker   Transform  
  7. 7. Design  and  Analysis  of  Deployable  Structures  with  Universal     Scissor  Components  (USC)  for  Mobile  Architectural  ApplicaFons   Context:   The  increase  of  mobility  and  awareness   of  resource  depleFon  and  waste   producFon  in  our  society  requires   systems  for  mobile  and  temporary   structures     ObjecDve:   Develop  a  methodology  for  opDmum   design  of  deployable  scissor  structures,   for  which  the  USC  offers  a  sustainable   soluFon  by  allowing  component  re-­‐use   Researcher:  ir.  Lara  Alegria  Mira   Supervisors:  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Niels  De  Temmerman  (VUB)  &  Prof.  dr.  ir.  Ashley  Thrall  (University  of  Notre  Dame,  IN,   USA)   Transform  
  8. 8. OpFmal  geometric  and  kinemaFc  design  of  foldable  scissor     and  plate  structures  for  architectural  applicaFons   Context:   Foldable  scissor  and  plate  structures  allow  for   rapid  transformaFons  to  answer  to  changing   needs.  They  are  broadly  applicable  in  the   built  environment,  but  due  to  their  inherent   complexity  only  few  have  been  constructed.     ObjecDve:   To  unravel  the  mathemaDcal  principles   behind  these  structures,  in  order  to  explore   the  design  possibiliFes,  as  well  as  the  effects   of  geometrical  opFmisaFon  and  discrete   thicknesses  on  the  deployment  process.     Researcher:  ir.  arch.  Kelvin  Roovers   Supervisor:  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Niels  De  Temmerman   Transform   DESIGN  METHOD  FOR  A  FOLDABLE  SCISSOR  STRUCTURE   1.     3.     4.     2.    
  9. 9. Robust  design  opFmisaFon  for  deployable  adaptable  shelters   Emergency  tent  (for  field  hospital,  storage   rooms,  …)  are  not  adequate  because  they  are   slow  to  build,  are  not  adaptable  and  are  le[   as  waste.   CURRENTLY   Context:   Slow  to  build  &   Not  flexible   Develop  a  new  design  method  for  mulD-­‐ criteria  opDmisaDon  with  uncertainDes   (robust  design)  in  order  to  obtain  a  opFmal   deployable  adaptable  shelters  with  can  be   used  for  different  phases  of  the  recovery.   RESEARCH   ObjecDve:   Researcher(s):  ir.  Aushim  Koumar   Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  Tine  Tysmans  &  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Niels  De  Temmerman   Transform   Scissor  structure  for     quick  and  easy     deployment   Using  the  same   components  for      the  housing  of  the   local  populaDon  
  10. 10. AdapFve  shading  elements  based  on  curved-­‐line  folding   Context:   Since  the  control  of  solar  radiaFon  and   daylight  has  a  major  influence  on  the  energy   efficiency  and  comfort  in  buildings,  architects   and  engineers  are  experimenFng  with  new   adapFve  shading  soluFons.   ObjecDve:   Design  and  analysis  of  adapFve  shading   elements  based  on  curved-­‐line  folding,  using   elasFc  deformaFons  as  a  form-­‐generaFng   strategy.   Researcher(s):  ir.  arch.  Aline  Vergauwen   Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Niels  De  Temmerman   Transform  
  11. 11. Transformable  ‘acBve  bending’-­‐structures     for  temporary  architectural  shelters   Context:   The  elasFc  bending  of  iniFally  straight   elements,  allows  for  lightweight  and   material-­‐efficient  structures  to  be  built.  Its   reversibility  facilitates  transportaFon,   assembly,  adaptability  and  re-­‐use.   ELASTIC  BENDING   ObjecDve:    ASSEMBLY   Developing  new  structural  systems  for   temporary  and  transformable  shelters,  based   on  the  manipulaFon  of  the  elasDc  bending  of   the  structural  members.    DEPLOYMENT   Researcher(s):  ir.  arch.  SFjn  Brancart   Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Niels  De  Temmerman  &  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Lars  De  Laet   Transform  
  12. 12. æ-­‐lab:  Re-­‐Use   “reconcile  the  authen8city  of  architectural  heritage  with  modern  standards  ”   ExperDse:   •  InternaDonal  comparaDve  research  on   19th  and  20th  century    construcDon   materials  &  techniques   •  Study  of  19th  and  20th  century  building   pracDce  and  culture  in  Belgium     Re-­‐Use  
  13. 13. Riveted  connecFons  in  historical  metal  structures  (1840-­‐1940)   Hot-­‐driven  rivets:  technology,  design  and  experiments   Context:   Nowadays  most  remaining  historical  riveted   structures  need  renovaFon  and/or   strengthening  or,  if  not,  at  least  some   maintenance.     ObjecDve:   This  research  consFtutes  as  input  to  the   structural  assessment  of  exisFng  riveted   structures  by  adding  to  our  knowledge  of  hot-­‐ driven  structural  rivets  (1840-­‐1940),  their   technology,  design  and  structural  behaviour.     Researcher:  ir.  arch.  QuenFn  Colleke  (VUB,  Belgium)     Supervisors:  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Ine  Wouters  (VUB,  Belgium)    Ass.  prof.  dr.  ir.  Stéphane  Sire  (UBO,  France)   Re-­‐Use   [Edwin  Clark,  1850]  
  14. 14. Understanding  and  conserving  the  post-­‐war  housing  stock   in  Brussels  (1945-­‐1975).  Retrofit  for  conBnuity!     Context:   The  majority  of  post-­‐war  houses  needs   retrofiJng  within  the  next  decades,  yet  the   framework  to  determine  the  heritage  value  of   this  post-­‐war  heritage  is  lacking.         ObjecDve:   The  goal  of  this  research  is  to  offer  criteria  for   evaluaFng  the  heritage  value  of  post-­‐war   houses  in  the  Brussels  region,  in  order  to   idenFfy  levels  of  intervenFons  that  would  be   appropriate  for  them.   Researcher:  dr.ir.arch.  Stephanie  Van  de  Voorde   Supervisors:  prof.dr.  Inge  Bertels,  prof.dr.ir.arch.  Filip  Descamps,  prof.dr.arch.  Ann  Verdonck,  prof.dr.ir.arch.  Ine   Wouters   Re-­‐Use  
  15. 15. Architectural  Heritage  &  Energy  Efficiency:   RenovaFon  strategies  for  stone  imitaFng  rendering  mortars   Context:   Many  stone  imitaDng  renders  from  the  early   20th  century  suffer  from  degradaDon.  Since   there  is  lack  of  knowledge  concerning  their   composiFon,  properFes  and  applicaFon   technique,  incorrect  decisions  are  o[en  made   during  restoraFon,  resulFng  in  increasing   damage.   ObjecDve:   Development  of  an  appropriate  set  of  repair   mortars  for  damaged  surfaces  and  exploring   the  benefits  of  insulaDng  base  layers.   Researcher:  ir.  arch.  Yves  Govaerts   Improper  repair  of    a  damaged  rendered  surface   with   simulated   joints   [Old   Bank   building   in   Leuven,  2011]     Supervisors:  Prof.  dr.  arch.  Ann  Verdonck,  Prof.  dr.  ir.  Arch.  Michael  de  Bouw  &  Dr.  ir.  Wendy  Meulebroeck   Re-­‐Use  
  16. 16. Reuse  and  opFmizaFon  of  heat-­‐  and  wind-­‐induced  low-­‐pressure     venFlaFon  systems   Context:   Current  renovaFon  strategy  for  buildings   consists  of  a  structural  renovaFon  to  which   techniques  are  added  to  enhance  user   comfort  in  a  second  phase,  instead  of   (re)integraFng  techniques  in  the  renovaFon.   ObjecDve:   develop  a  method  for  the  analysis  of  low-­‐ pressure  venFlaFon  systems  through  the   analysis  and  modeling  of  19th-­‐century   venDlaDon  systems  and  their  opDmizaDon  by   introducing  modern  hybrid  venDlaDon   techniques.   Researcher(s):  ir.  arch.  Maaike  van  der  Tempel     Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Filip  Descamps  &  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Ine  Wouters   Re-­‐Use  
  17. 17. IntegraFng  human  behavior  in  dynamic  energy  simulaFons     in  homes   Context:   Current   energy   performance   calculaFon   methods   focus   on   building   characterisDcs   and   neglect   the   influence   of   human   behavior.   These   methods   enable   an   objecDve   comparison   of   buildings,   but   lead   to   poor   predicFons  of  the  actual  energy  consumpFon.     ObjecDve:   Develop  models  to  include  human  behavior   in  dynamic  building  simulaFon  tools  to  obtain   more  accurate  individual  energy   consumpDon  predicFons.   Researcher(s):  ir.  arch.  Dorien  Aerts   Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Filip  Descamps  &  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Ine  Wouters   Re-­‐Use  
  18. 18. SmartBlind  Project   Context:   The   potenFal   for   improving   the   glazed   facades   and   windows   of   Europe's  building  stock  is  enormous.  The  benefits  of  using  a  glazed   facade  with  an  adaptable  control  strategy  is  the  ability  to  control   privacy,   adjust   shading,   reduce   solar   gain   and   control   glare   when   needed.     ObjecDve:   The  Smartblind  project  aims  at  the  development  of  an  acDve  film   for  smart  windows  with  inkjet  method.     The  VUB  focusses  on  the  simulaDon  of  the  smart  window  and  the   building  integraDon  as  well  as  the  exploitaDon  and  disseminaDon   of  the  project.   Researcher(s):  arch.  Evi  Corne,  ir.  arch.  Charloke  Goovaerts   Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Marijke  Mollaert,  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Filip  Descamps   Re-­‐Use  
  19. 19. æ-­‐lab:  Lightweight  Structures  Lab     ExperDse:   •  Structural  design  and  analysis  of   membrane  structures   •  Design  and  analysis  of  lightweight  systems   for  spaDal  structures:  tensairity,   compression-­‐only,  acFve  bending     Lightweight  
  20. 20. Architectural  and  structural  design  of  adaptable  lightweight  structures   Context:   Lightweight  structures  are  material  efficient   by  being  designed  and  conceived  in  an   ingenious  way.  They  are  found  in  a  broad   range  of  structures,  from  large-­‐scale   membrane  canopies,  to  shelters  and  shading   elements.     ObjecDve:   The  research  and  innovaFon  of  lightweight   and  flexible  texDle  and  composite  structures   focuses    on  new  social  and  environmental   needs  such  as  adaptable  energy-­‐efficient   building  envelopes  or  compact  temporary     shelters  for  events  and  emergency  situaFons.   Supervisor:  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Lars  De  Laet     Lightweight  
  21. 21. S(P)EEDKITS:  Rapid  deployable  kits  as  seeds  for  self   recovery   Context:   More  and  more  disasters,  either  natural  or   man-­‐made,  occur  worldwide.  As  a  result,   countless  people  are  rendered  homeless   without  any  medical  care,  sufficient  and  clean   water,  decent  sanitaFon  or  energy  supply.     ObjecDve:   A  new  emergency  system  of  modular  rapid   deployable  shelters  will  be  developed.  This  to   provide  temporary  infrastructure  and  to  limit   the  damage  to  economic  and  social  fabrics.     Researcher(s):  ir.  arch.  Jan  Roekens   Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  Marijke  Mollaert   Lightweight  
  22. 22. Integrated  analysis  and  experimental  verificaFon  of  KinemaFc  Form  AcFve   Structures  for  architectural  applicaFons   Context:   KinemaFc  form  acFve  structures  combine  the   structural  efficiency  and  low  self  weight  of   fabric  structures  with  the  high  versaDlity  of   kinemaFc  structures   ObjecDve:   Develop  the  necessary  tools  and  knowledge   to  make  the  design  and  applicaDon  of   kinemaFc  fabric  structures  with  preserved   prestress  possible     Researcher(s):  ir.  arch.  Silke  PuysFens              ir.  arch.  Maarten  Van  Craenenbroeck   Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  Marijke  Mollaert            Prof.  dr.  ir.  Danny  Van  Hemelrijck            Prof.  dr.  ir.  Wim  Van  Paepeghem  (UGent)     Lightweight  
  23. 23. Inflatable/Tensairity  structures   Context:   Inflatable  structures  are  mostly  known  for   their  light  weight,  small  transport/storage   volume  and  quick  set-­‐up;  which  can’t  be   offered  by  other  convenFonal  structures.   ObjecDve:   The  structural  concept  Tensairity  is  the   synergeFc  combinaFon  of  an  airbeam,   slender  struts  and  some  cables.  The  feasibility   of  this  concept  is  tested  on  structural   elements  like  beams  and  arches.   Researcher(s):  ir.  arch.  Jan  Roekens   Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  arch.  Lars  De  Laet   Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  Marijke  Mollaert   Supervisor(s):  Dr.  Rolf  Luchsinger   Lightweight  
  24. 24. TexFle  Reinforced  Cement  (TRC)  composites  as  flexible  formwork  and     tensile  reinforcement  for  concrete  shells.     Context:   The  construcDon  of  concrete  shells  is   expensive  and  complex  due  to  the  labour   intensive  and/or  material  wasFng  formwork   methods  and  the  needed  tensile  (steel)   reinforcement.   ObjecDve:   Design  of  the  innovaFve  formwork  and   reinforcement  consisFng  of  TRC  composites,   exploiFng  their  flexible  properDes  in  wet  phase   to  create  the  formwork  and  their  sDff  and   strong  properDes  in  hardened  phase  .       Researcher(s):  ir.  arch.  Evy  Verwimp   Supervisor(s):  Prof.  dr.  ir.  Tine  Tysmans  en  Prof.  dr.  ir.  Marijke  Mollaert   Lightweight  

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