“ A piece of server software that allows users to freely create and edit Web page content using any Web browser. Wiki supports hyperlinks and has a simple text syntax for creating new pages and crosslinks between internal pages on the fly.” -- http://wiki.org/wiki.cgi?WhatIsWiki
“ A wiki is a type of website that allow users to easily add and edit content and is especially suited for collaborative writing. The name is based on the Hawaiian term wiki, meaning "quick", "fast", or "to hasten" (Hawaiian dictionary).” -- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiki
The WikiWikiWeb was the first wiki, established by Ward Cunningham in March 1995. He invented the wiki name and concept, and implemented the first wiki engine. Cunningham coined the term wiki after the "wiki wiki" or "quick" shuttle buses at Honolulu Airport. Wiki wiki was the first Hawaiian term he learned on his first visit to the islands, when the airport counter agent directed him to take the wiki wiki bus between terminals. According to Cunningham, "I chose wiki-wiki as an alliterative substitute for 'quick' and thereby avoided naming this stuff quick-web."
In the late 1990s, wikis increasingly were recognised as a promising way to develop knowledge bases , and this potential inspired the founders of the Nupedia encyclopedia project, Jimbo Wales and Larry Sanger , to use wiki technology as a basis for an electronic encyclopedia: Wikipedia was launched in January 2001.
In the early 2000s, wikis were increasingly adopted in the enterprise as collaborative software . Common uses included project communication, intranets and documentation, initially for technical users. In December 2002, Socialtext launched the first commercial open source wiki solution. Open source wikis such as MediaWiki , Kwiki and TWiki grew to over 1 million downloads on the Sourceforge repository by 2004.
Today some companies use wikis as their only collaborative software and as a replacement for static intranets. There is arguably greater use of wikis behind firewalls than on the public internet.
Features: The database used (if any), attachments, file uploading, spam prevention, page access control, inline HTML, user-customisable user interface, document renaming, extensibility, RSS feeds…
Environment: Windows, Linux…
Other software required: Java, MySQL, PHP, Python, .NET, Ruby…
Formatting commands External link to the site called Galway.net . External link to the site called [http://www.galway.net |Galway.net]. This is an internal link to the Galway article in the wiki. This is an internal link to the [[Galway]] article in the wiki. This is a subsection heading ===This is a subsection heading=== This is a section heading ==This is a section heading==
This is how you number something.
#This is how you number something.
This is how you bullet something.
*This is how you bulletin something. This is how you indent something. :This is how you indent something. This is bold and italicized . This is '''''bold and italicized'''''. This is bold . This is '''bold'''. This is italicized . This is ''italicized''. Format Command
Different syntaxes Source: http://www.wikimatrix.org /
“ The Semantic MediaWiki is an extension to the MediaWiki software, which allows every user to make information more accessible to computer programs (including the ask query and the triple search available in SMW itself), which in turn makes it easier for humans to search or further use this information.”
Semantic MediaWiki offers two means to make information about a page more explicit:
Categorisation of links (relations between pages)
Typed attributes (of a page)
Users can classify the “type” of links, e.g. making a relationship such as “capital of” between Berlin and Germany explicit:
... [[capital of::Germany]] ... resulting in the semantic statement "Berlin" "capital of" "Germany" .
On the page Berlin , users can explicitly define its population by writing:
... the population is [[population:=3,993,933]] ... resulting in the semantic statement "Berlin" "has population" "3993933" .
To start editing a page, click “ edit ”, either at the top of the page (which lets you edit the entire page) or towards the right within the page (which lets you edit a section of the page only, which is at times less overwhelming).
Once in the editing mode, you can preview the page before finalising it by clicking Show Preview at the bottom of the page, beneath the editing box. This also lets you get familiar with the results of the commands. After you have decided on your changes, click Save Page . Be sure to save your changes!
To see who has previously edited a page and when, at any time click “ history ” at the top of the page. To talk about a page, click “ discussion ” at the top of the page.
Rather than writing commands by hand, you can use the toolbar as a shortcut. Leaving your cursor over any of the buttons will explain what it does. While not all of the formatting options can be accessed through the toolbar (the rest must be written out by hand), you can edit by highlighting the text and clicking a command button.
Alternatively, you can just click any button and it will write the command with generic text which you can then go in an edit. For example, clicking the first button, the “bold text button”, will write ‘‘‘Bold text’’’. You can then replace the words ‘bold text’ with whatever words you want to embolden.
Spacing is a bit tricky. You must hit “enter” twice in editing for it to show up once in the page. The command <br> can also be used to move the text downwards.
In order to have all pages connect to one another, it is best to create a page by first creating a link to it in another, previously established page. To do so, edit the page where you’d like to link the new page and type [[New page]] where “New page” will be the title of your new page. Please make the title of your page fairly specific (e.g. “Galway Rowing Club”, not “Rowing Club”)
After you have created a link and saved, you can open the new page via its link, which should appear in red , indicating that it has not yet been developed. You can make requests for “Wanted” pages to be written by creating these red links. Clicking on a red link will immediately open the editing box for that page.
In addition to adding textual information and being able to modify it, you can also add other files, including images, to your pages. All files that are placed inside of a page, must, however, first be uploaded as separate files to the wiki. Do this by first clicking “ Upload file ” in the lower left-hand frame in the section labelled “toolbox”.
Then you can add a file by clicking Browse , finding the desired file, checking the copyright compliance box, and then choosing to Upload File at the bottom of the page.
Once the file has been uploaded, the markup to display the image will be shown, e.g. [[Image:MyPicture.jpg]]