Dealing with Information Overload
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Dealing with Information Overload

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17th November 2011 / GMIT Castlebar / Mayo 2040

17th November 2011 / GMIT Castlebar / Mayo 2040

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    Dealing with Information Overload Dealing with Information Overload Presentation Transcript

    • Mayo2040Dealing with information overloadJohn Breslinwww.johnbreslin.com
    • About me
    • Lecturer at NUI GalwayElectrical and Electronic EngineeringSchool of Engineering and Informatics
    • Researcher at DERI• World’s largest Semantic Web research institute• Leader of the Unit for Social Software
    • Set up a games forum in ’98(16;58) (dev) “why not do www.boards.ie and justslowly build a site of general stuff”
    • Co-founder of boards.ieIreland’s largestdiscussion forum site2.25 million visitors/month 150000Irish people seeking 112500information, or just 75000chatting about sports, TV, 37500politics, finance, whatever 0 2005-11-15 2007-01-11 2008-03-08 2009-05-04Majority shareholder: Daft 2010-06-30
    • Founder of New Tech Postnewtechpost.comGalway-based publisherof stories focused onemerging, cutting-edge,innovative technologiesPartners: Irish InnovationCenter (San Jose)
    • Investor in StreamGliderNext generation newsreader for tabletsPartners: Nova Spivack and Bill McDaniel
    • Predictions from the past
    • Mark Twain, “From theLondon Times of 1904”, 1898 ...and he now took the fancy that he would like to have the telelectroscope and divert his mind with it. He had his wish. The connection was made with the international telephone-station, and day by day, and night by night, he called up one corner of the globe after another, and looked upon its life, and studied its strange sights, and spoke with its people, and realized that by grace of this marvelous instrument he was almost as free as the birds of the air, although a prisoner under lock and bars. He seldom spoke to me, and I never interrupted him when he was absorbed in his amusement. I sat in his parlor and read and smoked, and the nights were very quiet and reposefully sociable, and I found them pleasant. Now and then I would hear him say, "Give me Yedo"; next, "Give me Hong Kong"; next, "Give me Melbourne." And I smoked on, and read in comfort, while he wandered about the remote underworld, where the sun was shining in the sky, and the people were at their daily work. Sometimes the talk that came from those far regions through the microphone attachment interested me, and I listened.
    • Arthur C. Clarke, “BBCHorizon”, 1964I am thinking of the incredible breakthrough which has been made possible bydevelopments in communications, particularly the transistor and - above all - thecommunication satellite. These things will make possible a world in which we can be ininstant contact with each other, wherever we may be; where we can contact ourfriends everywhere on earth even if we do not know their actual physicallocation. It will be possible, in that age, perhaps only 50 years from now, for a man toconduct his business from Tahiti or Bali just as well as he could from London. In fact, ifit proved worthwhile, almost any executive skill, any administrative skill, even manyphysical skills could be made independent of distance.I am perfectly serious when I suggest that one day we may have brain surgeons inEdinburgh operating in patients in New Zealand. When that time comes, the wholeworld would have shrunk to a point and the traditional role of a city as themeeting place for man would have ceased to make any sense. In fact, men willno longer commute, they will communicate. They won’t have to travel distance anymore; they’d only travel for pleasure.
    • Where are we now?
    • 250 millionNew people onFacebook last year(800 million in total)
    • 30 billionPieces of contentshared on Facebookevery month
    • 100 millionNew accounts onTwitter in 2010 (200million in total)
    • 25 billionTweets sent onTwitter in 2010 (butnow over 250 milliontweets are sent daily)
    • And lots ofother socialmedia sitesBlogs, microblogs,wikis, socialbookmarking,curated news, etc.
    • Floating in a social ocean...But there are so many islands to visit, and toomuch stuff is being created to keep up with it all
    • Social media impacts newsThe web has moved beyond text documents:bite-size videos, real-time feedback and sharing
    • Parallel move to mobile webWith a new focus on context, geo-location, andintegrated communications
    • Social media on your mobileWho, what, when, where
    • Augmented realitySee what’s going on around you (and yourphone): landmarks, news, tweets, properties
    • We’ve come a long way...“Any sufficiently advanced technology isindistinguishable from magic” - Arthur C. Clarke
    • The near future
    • Cuttingedge ECresearchSix “Future andEmerging Tech” pilotsthat will pitch for fullstatus in mid-2012
    • 1. RoboCom• Companions to improve citizen’s quality of life• Soft bodies; perceptual and emotive capability
    • 2. IT Futureof MedicineUsing analytical andclinical data from apatient to create anindividualised model
    • 3. HumanBrain ProjectBuilding computermodels to simulatethe actual workings ofthe brain
    • 4. Guardian AngelsZero-power devices to assist with health care,environment, emotional response, rehabilitation
    • 5. GrapheneReplacing silicon incircuits to not onlyimprove performancebut create new apps
    • 6. FuturICTAn observatory for studying the way our livingplanet works in a social dimension
    • And beyond
    • What the future will look like Digital technologies will be woven throughout our daily lives to a level where they are another essential service, just as electricity or clean water are today
    • IDC, “Digital UniverseStudy”, 2010 A study on the amount of digital information created and replicated in the world 75% of our digital world is a copy (25% is unique) 2010: 1.2 zettabytes (1.2 trillion gigabytes) A stack of DVDs stretching to the moon and back 2020: 35 zettabytes (35 trillion gigabytes) A stack of DVDs reaching halfway to Mars
    • Researchers are creating systemsto help us to find the info we need New search and discovery tools Ways to add structure to unstructured content, including images, audio and video content Requires metadata (data about data), Semantic Web New information management tools Prioritisation, classification, automatic deletion Better methods for trust, privacy, accountability
    • Finding meaning in massesof dataBig data analyticsData miningVisualisationNetworked knowledge
    • Storage capacities Latest memory storage drives can hold 2-3 terabytes Every 15 years, capacity increases roughly by 1000 Paul Reber (Northwestern University) estimated the storage of a human brain to be around 2500 terabytes in a 2010 Scientific American piece Other estimates vary this up or down by a factor of 1000 Would require 1000 x 2.5 terabyte drives to store a brain Not unreasonable to imagine we could store a brain’s capacity on a ‘memory’ drive by 2025
    • Processing capacitiesEstimates for the brain are that it can carry outanywhere from 1016 flops (floating point operations persecond) to 1019 flopsCurrent supercomputers operate at 2.5 x 1015 flopsUsing Moore’s Law, we may have supercomputerscapable of human brain simulation by 2025 (1019 flops) By 2040, this grows to 5 x 1022 flops (= 5000 people)
    • The brain is more than just storageand processing: consciousness Interesting article on this topic in today’s Guardian newspaper http://bit.ly/ brainappleyard Review of “The Brain is Wider than the Sky” by Bryan Appleyard
    • Ray Kurzweil, “By 2040 you will be ableto upload your brain...”, TheIndependent, 2009 In 2040, by his estimation, we will be able to upload the human brain to a computer, capturing “a persons entire personality, memory, skills and history”! (And upload to brains?)
    • Voice-controlled holo accessToday’s web will feel like a messy second-hand bookshop whencompared to the orderly library of our personalised digital universe
    • Interested in more? Georgia Tech FutureMedia Outlook http://www.futuremediaga.com/ New Media Consortium Horizon Report http://www.nmc.org/pdf/2011- Horizon-Report.pdf New Tech Post http://newtechpost.com/ Slides from this talk http://www.slideshare.net/ Cloud