Realising Low carbon vehicles

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Overview of Cranfield University\'s research, consultancy, education and training programmes in relation to low carbon vehicles

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Realising Low carbon vehicles

  1. 1. Realising low carbon vehicles Ima ge c ourt esy Mor gan Mot or C omp any O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O Image courtesy a2om For more information please visit: www.cranfield.ac.uk/automotive
  2. 2. Cranfield’s expertise Cranfield’s mission to transform knowledge into ingenious solutions in science, technology and management makes us one of the world’s foremost innovators. As a wholly postgraduate university, our deep expertise in specialist areas means that we are uniquely placed to work effectively with policymakers and industry. We have an established history of research and teaching in the field of low carbon vehicles and have developed dedicated facilities to support this. The spectrum of our activities spans experimentation and analysis of a wide range of technical issues; it includes system design, the manufacturing process and its organisation, together with human factors in vehicles. Hybrid and electric vehicle design and novel • Tyre Slip Control – this work focuses on defining fundamental traction characteristics for common off-road power trains surfaces. From this knowledge, traction control systems can be designed to minimise energy lost in wheel slip and the Cranfield has an impressive track record in the design and use of energy intensive interventions with brakes for wheel integration of near-to-market solutions for hybrid, electric and fuel speed control. Control of slip with protected forward motion cell vehicles. At the heart of this is our expertise in novel power reduces damage to environmentally sensitive off-road trains and their ability to have a positive environmental impact surfaces. through improved efficiencies and reduced emissions. For more information please contact: A variety of research is conducted ranging from improvements Professor Nick Vaughan, Head of Automotive Engineering to conventional internal combustion engines to innovative power Department train platforms to the control of tyre slip. Our ability to work right E: n.d.vaughan@cranfield.ac.uk through the value chain from initial vehicle feasibility studies through to detailed design and manufacture highlights the added Dr Patrick Luk, Head of Power and Drives Group benefit Cranfield can offer. E: p.c.k.luk@cranfield.ac.uk Our work in this area is best summarised by highlighting the Dr James Brighton, Off Road Vehicle Dynamics major programmes we have contributed to: E: j.l.brighton@cranfield.ac.uk • NICE Super Light Electric Sport Car – built around a Alternative Fuels super-light carbon-fibre cell within a traditional coupe body the vehicle is powered by advanced lithium-ion batteries, Our underpinning research into the specification, integration and and also features a novel all-electric drive train with no management of fuel cell systems is helping realise hydrogen as a mechanical transmissions and gears. It uses advanced credible alternative fuel source. Two of our most notable fuel cell electronic subsystems instead of mechanical parts for projects are: regenerative braking and other ancillaries to help save weight and to increase efficiency. • LIFECar – to manufacture a lightweight, energy efficient, • VIETA – Vehicle Independent Electric Transmission fuel cell hybrid electric sports vehicle, based on the Morgan Architecture (VIETA) – based on a novel hybrid mechanically Aero 8. The power train is made up of a 26 kW fuel cell linked electric in-wheel drive. The project involves electrical stack in parallel with a bank of ultra capacitors and four, machine design, power electronics, control development, wheel-mounted, electrical machines. Part-funded by the thermal management, packaging and integration. Department for Trade and Industry (DTI), LIFECar is a two • EASIVT – the aim of the EASIVT (Electrically Assisted and half-year long project. The LIFECar partnership is made Infinitely Variable Transmission) project is to investigate the up of the Morgan Motor Company, QinetiQ, Cranfield and potential of a mild hybrid Ford Expedition equipped with Oxford University. an IVT, in terms of improved driveability and reduced fuel • Hyrban – the design and construction of a demonstration consumption. fuel cell hybrid vehicle, targeted primarily for urban • ADDZEV – Affordable Add-on Zero Emissions Vehicle is applications. The vehicle employs an ambient pressure, aimed at accelerating hybrid technology into the market. 6 kW fuel cell stack in parallel with ultra capacitors to The ADDZEV project targets the light commercial legacy demonstrate sufficient performance and vehicle range to fleet market for a low cost hybridisation option that will make this a viable option for urban transportation. materially reduce the running costs for fleet managers. VRLA technology and intelligent integration ensures low cost, in addition to congestion charge penalty reduction.
  3. 3. Diesel is, currently and for the foreseeable future, a major fuel Human behaviour, routing and traffic for passenger and commercial vehicle engines. Our research is actively involved in looking at replacement or part replacement management of diesel fuel with alternative fuels. Fuels that have been studied include LPG, ethanol, bio-ethanol and hydrogen. In addition to the safety and environmental benefits that new technology can bring to the automotive sector, there are Our work in the waste and energy sectors is aiding the considerable gains to be made from focusing on the human development of carbon neutral fuels from sustainable sources. factors related to driving. Cranfield University is a leader in Cranfield’s research ranges from the production and clean applied research related to the impact of human factors in utilisation of fossil fuels to turbine technology and the use of driving. The Driving Research Group addresses human factors waste as fuel. and driving from the closely connected perspectives of driver risk management and environmental impact. For more information, please contact: Professor Nick Vaughan, Head of Automotive Engineering The Group conducts research and consultancy for its clients Department related to improving the safety and environmental impact of E: n.d.vaughan@cranfield.ac.uk drivers. Current and previous projects include: Mr John Oakey, Head of Energy Technology Centre • development of a risk assessment and simulator solution to E: j.e.oakey@cranfield.ac.uk address safe and fuel efficient driving for Balfour Beatty PLC • the construction of the UK’s first bus simulator with Arriva PLC Lightweight materials and manufacturing • development of an online global Fleet Driver Safety Training Utilising Cranfield’s expertise in the design, application and System for AstraZeneca manufacture of lightweight materials Cranfield can develop • VREAM – is an innovative vehicle routing model that has components optimized for minimum weight, a key factor in been developed by the Centre for Logistics and Supply producing fuel efficient low emission vehicles. Chain Management. A computer based model that calculates the amount of CO2 emitted from road journeys, Our pioneering work with resin infusion techniques for carbon as well as the time and distance. VREAM will select the fibre is just one area where our technology is enabling the cost most fuel efficient route by using roads on which a vehicle effective manufacture of lightweight composites. can maintain the optimum speeds that minimise fuel consumption. Thermoplastics offer advantages in terms of weight and cost when compared to conventional steel and aluminium alloys which For more information, please contact: can be related to minimisation of carbon dioxide emissions and Mr Neil Godfrey, Human Factors fuel consumption. These technologies have been applied to the E: n.godfrey@cranfield.ac.uk test and development of next generation thermoplastic engine oil sumps. Dr Andrew Palmer, Centre for Logistics and Supply Chain Management For more information please contact: E: a.palmer@cranfield.ac.uk Professor Kambiz Kayvantash, Head of Centre for Automotive Technology E: k.kayvantash@cranfield.ac.uk
  4. 4. Postgraduate programmes Our partners Cranfield’s postgraduate programmes are offered across our Cranfield works with major players in the automotive field. Our areas of expertise and are created and delivered with valuable partners include: input from practitioners in industry. Delegates have ample • ArvinMeritor opportunities to investigate real-world challenges and to provide • Aston Martin innovative solutions, with a focus on the future needs of industry. Our graduates are highly sought after and are part of an elite • BOC Group international network of alumni. • Energy Saving Trust • EPSRC For more details please visit: www.cranfield.ac.uk/students/courses • European Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium • Jaguar Continuing professional development • Land Rover O O • Millbrook Proving Ground Cranfield University is recognised as a leading provider of CPD and short courses. Courses are delivered by Cranfield • MIRA O O academics as well as industry experts to ensure up-to-the-minute • Morgan commercially-focused outcomes. Cranfield-based, or bespoke O O • NICE in-house courses, offer an invaluable way of keeping up-to-date with the latest technological developments and management • Nissan strategies. • Provector • QinetiQ O Our diverse short courses range from one day to six weeks in duration. For full details please visit: www.cranfeld.ac.uk/short • Williams F1 O Cranfield University Cranfield Bedfordshire MK43 0AL United Kingdom T: +44 (0)1234 750111 www.cranfield.ac.uk/automotive

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