Armonía facial - Enhancing harmony


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Cirugía ortognática y procedimientos de estética fácial aplicados para corregir armonía facial. Casos de estudio acompañados de imágenes de pacientes e información técnica.

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  • Facial harmony is the sum of a number of factors beginning with the skeleton, then influenced by the muscle, fat, cartilage and finally by the skin Aesthetic ideals and proportional norms of the human face have been well studied and documented by artists, scientists, and physicians The functional correction of dentofacial deformities by orthognathic surgery PRODUCES major changes in facial appearance Combining orthognathic and esthetic procedures to enhance the overall result is proposed.
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the type of cosmetic surgery procedures most frequently used to enhance the result of orthognathic surgery
  • This is a multicenter retrospective study conducted from 1994 to 2004
  • A total of two hundred and fifty two orthognathic surgery patients, with an average age of 21.8 years, combined with plastic procedures were included, 71.4 % of them were females
  • All the patients underwent a complete facial analysis in order to achieve other disharmonies aside from the dental skeletal anomalies. No distinction was made among patients based on whether the cosmetic surgery was done before, during or after the surgical correction. Three groups were evaluated depending on the dentofacial deformity diagnosed Group I Maxillary deformities Group II: Mandibulary deformities Group III: Maxillo-mandibular deformities
  • She had a inferior position of the eye lateral canthus this is highly associated with VME, impact the maxilla 4 mm and I keep the tooth to lip relation in the range of 4 to 6 mm
  • Presurgical on your left and post surgical on your right.
  • I over correct the septal deformity in the severe deviations and the nose done 3 months after the orthognathic surgery
  • Poor definition of the tip she had a Dominant negative trait which is the Mandible deficiency Long upper lip many controversies in this patient
  • Class II malocclusion with a deep overbite
  • Distraction osteogenesis in this particular case is just another treatment option
  • DO protocol Latency of 5 days Distraction Phase rate of 1 mm/d. a rhythm of 1-2 times per day Consolidation phase 8 to 12 weeks
  • X Rays After the latency period and after 12 weeks with the distractor extended advancement of 0.9 mm About the fixation period must be rigid enough to prevent the formation of fibrous tissue but not too rigid to prevent physiologic loading of the new bone
  • Maxillary assisted expansion with the same protocol of the last case, the orthodontics star to move the central incisors after 4 months
  • 10 month after de expansion
  • 13 months after surgery
  • Note that the dominant negative traits on the left, has been corrected. And the assessment of the postoperative result is a combination…………………………………..
  • of orthognathic surgery, the performances of cosmetic facial plastic procedures and cosmetology advises (eye shape and color , hair cut and color , color make up and skin tones),
  • The overall esthetic procedures most frequently associated were No statistically significant differences in complication rates were found among the groups. The prevalence of morbidity in all groups was practically identical to previous studies. Of the total facial plastic procedures included in this study, 77 % were performed at the time of the dentofacial correction. Patients´ satisfaction was evaluated after 6 months: 85 % were satisfied with the results in terms of increase of self esteem and improvement in their social life
  • Estethic it’s a balance between patient needs and surgical goals with an inclination towards the patient´s side
  • Armonía facial - Enhancing harmony

    1. 1. Enhancing Facial Harmony ORTHOGNATHIC SURGERY COMBINED WITH FACIAL PLASTIC PROCEDURES Samuel Benarroch Mahfoda MD, DDS Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
    2. 2. ORTHOGNATHIC AND ESTHETIC PROCEDURES Create improvement while maintaining a natural appearance
    3. 3. Purpose Determine the type of cosmetic surgery procedures most frequently performed to enhance the result of orthognathic surgery
    4. 4. DESIGN <ul><li>Multicenter </li></ul><ul><li>Retrospective study </li></ul><ul><li>Conducted from 1994 to 2004 </li></ul>
    5. 5. PATIENT DISTRIBUTION SEX AND AGE SEX NUMBER % MALE 72 28.6 FEMALE 180 71.4 TOTAL 252 100 AGE NUMBER % 15 – 19 13 5.2 20 – 24 178 70.6 25 – 29 46 18.3 30 – 34 11 4.4 > 35 4 1.6 TOTAL 252 100
    7. 7. SURGICAL TECHNIQUES <ul><li>Maxilla </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lefort I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Lefort I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Segmental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RPE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facial implants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mandible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BSS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VOR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distraction osteogenesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Segmental </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. CASE I <ul><li>CH, F, 23. Feb. 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>PROBLEM LIST </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nasal deformity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full inframalar contours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>V.M.E. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drooping lower lip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AP Chin deficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neck lipomatosis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SURGICAL PLAN 2 Phases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhinoseptoplasty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buccal fat pad removal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maxillary impaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower Lip plasty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chin advancement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neck liposuction </li></ul></ul>
    9. 12. CASE II <ul><li>MM, F, 20. April,1999 </li></ul><ul><li>PROBLEM LIST </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nasal deformity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full inframalar contours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gumming smile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small and round face </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AP mandible deficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AP and vertical chin deficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drooping lower lip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SURGICAL PLAN 3 PHASES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intraoral mandible distraction osteogenesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhinoplasty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maxillary Anterior gingivoplasty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buccal fatpad removal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower lip plasty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical augmentation and advancement of the chin </li></ul></ul>
    10. 21. CASE III <ul><li>LR, F, 21. July, 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>PROBLEM LIST </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ocular surface disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nasal deformity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower third vertical augmentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper and lower lip deformity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maxillary transverse collapse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AP chin deficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical chin augmentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SURGICAL PLAN 2 PHASES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maxillary assisted expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maxillary posterior impaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandible BSS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lip pasties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical reduction of the chin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AP chin advancement </li></ul></ul>
    11. 30. RESULTS Group I PROCEDURE NUMBER % Genioplasty 63 57.3 Rhinoplasty 29 26.4 Blepharoplasty 6 5.6 Lip-plasty 18 16.4 Buccal fat pad removal 15 13.6 Submental liposuction 9 8.1 Malar augmentation 1 0.9
    12. 31. RESULTS Group II PROCEDURE NUMBER % Genioplasty 53 60.2 Rhinoplasty 48 54.5 Blepharoplasty 3 3.4 Lip-plasties 21 19.1 Buccal fat pad removal 6 17 Submental liposuction 2 2.3 Malar augmentation 5 5.7
    13. 32. RESULTS Group III PROCEDURE NUMBER % Genioplasty 29 53.7 Rhinoplasty 16 29.6 Blepharoplasty 2 3.7 Lip-plasty 13 24.1 Buccal fat pad removal 12 22.2 Submental liposuction 3 5.5 Malar augmentation 0 0
    14. 33. OVERALL RESULTS PROCEDURE NUMBER % Genioplasty 145 57.5 Rhinoplasty 93 36.9 Blepharoplasty 11 4.4 Lip-plasty 52 20.6 Buccal fat pad removal 33 13.1 Submental liposuction 13 5.1 Malar augmentation 6 2.4
    15. 34. DISCUSSION <ul><li>There is great variability (sex, race) and subjectivity (eye of the beholder) in appreciation of facial beauty </li></ul><ul><li>The advantages of combined procedures include a single recovery period, reduced surgery costs, and faster patient gratification </li></ul><ul><li>The results of this retrospective review does not indicate that the combination of cosmetic surgical procedures increases morbidity </li></ul>
    16. 35. DISCUSSION <ul><li>The correction of the dominant negative traits , is it enough? </li></ul><ul><li>When should we stop? </li></ul>
    17. 36. CONCLUSION Facial harmony will not appear as “beautiful” unless the combination of different facial procedures Orthognathic + Cosmetic + Esthetics Guidance
    18. 37. <ul><li>ESTETHIC </li></ul><ul><li>Patient's needs Surgeon's satisfaction </li></ul>
    19. 38. Thank you for your kind attention Enhancing Facial Harmony ORTHOGNATHIC SURGERY COMBINED WITH FACIAL PLASTIC PROCEDURES Samuel Benarroch Mahfoda MD, DDS Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery