FP7 activities in the EnvironmentPresentation Transcript
Climate Change Research FP7 activities in the Environment (including climate change) theme European Commission DG Research & Innovation Environment Directorate Andrea TILCHE Head of the Unit « Climate change and natural hazards »
Earth observation and assessment tools for sustainable development
Climate-related observing systems, data management
About 100 projects – more than 500 M€ funding on climate change research in the first 5 FP7 calls
Climate processes and modelling
Role of oceans
Carbon and nitrogen cycles
Atmosphere pollution and processes
Impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation
Economics of climate change and mitigation pathways
Areas of research
Modelling activities in FP7
Projects on the development of models and the provision of climate predictions
Research on basic climate processes (e.g. cloud physics, ocean/atmosphere interactions, climate systems like El Niño/La Niña, etc.)
Areas of research Climate processes and modelling
Past4Future : Climate dynamics and abrupt changes – analysis of the palaeo-record
MODELLING and PROJECTIONS
COMBINE : New components in Earth System modelling
EUCLIPSE : Process-oriented evaluation of Earth System Models
EMBRACE: Earth system model bias reduction
TOWARDS CLIMATE SERVICES
CLIM-RUN: Provision of local scale climate information (focus on the Mediterranean)
ECLISE: Provision of local scale climate information
Areas of research Climate processes and modelling
COMBINE - overall aim
COMBINE brings together leading European modelling centres to face the challenge of building the next generation of Earth System Models (ESMs), to advance the capabilities of climate prediction and projection.
It follows previous European Commission large-scale projects, such as ENSEMBLES from FP6.
Implementation and testing of land use changes and wildfire impacts, processes for the terrestrial and oceanic nitrogen cycles, and processes related to methane emissions from permafrost and wetland changes.
Evaluations of cloud-radiation and aerosol-cloud effects and land use impacts on tropospheric chemistry.
Incorporation of tropical and polar stratospheric dynamical variability in ESMs.
Improved understanding of processes regulating ice-sheet surface energy and mass balances; increased realism of the representation of surface snow processes in both ice-sheet and sea-ice models.
A new ocean re-analysis has been conducted using up-to-date quality-controlled ocean observation data sets and atmospheric forcing fluxes, with significant progress in sea-ice assimilation.
Comprehensive Modelling of the Earth System for Better Climate Prediction and Projection
Studying the different impacts by climate change on the marine environment
(eg. CLAMER, THOR, Ice2sea, ATP projects)
Areas of research Role of oceans
Inventory and review of over 60 EU-funded projects, definition of gaps and challenges for next marine research
filling the gap between science, policy and general public with better communication strategies (websites, blogs, documentaries, public events)
EU-wide survey: public is concerned with climate change impacts on marine environment, most people believe climate change is at least partly caused by humans. Public supports more mitigation measures than adaptation, and also EU and national policies to make coastal and marine environments more resilient
Areas of research Role of oceans
EPOCA - European Project on OCean Acidification
ocean acidification can be measured
ocean acidity has increased by 30% in the past 200 years and could increase of at least another 100% by 2100
even if ocean acidification is also a natural event, the current speed at which the ocean is acidifying today is 10 times faster than ever in the last 65 million years
using 24 years of sea data in the Iceland Sea, surface water acidification in Arctic waters resulted 50% faster than in subtropical regions
10% of Arctic surface waters will become corrosive to some forms of calcium carbonate in less than 10 years and half will become corrosive by mid-century
MedSeA – Mediterranean Sea Acidification in a changing climate
Identify where the impacts of acidification on Mediterranean waters will be more significant
Generate new observational and experimental data on Mediterranean organism and ecosystem
Provide best estimates and related uncertainties of future changes in Mediterranean Sea
Combine scientific and socio-economic analyses
Quantify the annual to decadal variability of CO2, N2O and CH4 budgets of terrestrial ecosystems in Europe
Understand natural and anthropogenic drivers (climate, nitrogen deposition, land use, management) and pressures (global markets, European climate and land use policies) for European forest, grassland, cropland and peatland ecosystems
Why does it matter?
Assess, in economic, societal and environmental terms, the impact of possible post-2012 policies on future greenhouse gas sources/sinks in Europe
De termine the ocean’s quantitative role for uptake of human-produced carbon dioxide
Investigate how large this uptake rate has been in the past, how it is changing at present, and how it will evolve in the future.
Assess the vulnerability of the Atlantic ocean to future climate as major carbon sink
Why does it matter?
Assess the expected consequences of rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations and to guide the management of CO2 emission reductions .
Areas of research Carbon and nitrogen cycles
● Established a comprehensive new European Nitrogen Budget
● Measured costs and benefits of Nitrogen impacts on climate, ecosystems and health
● Policy recommendations to reduce negative Nitrogen impacts on earth
● F indings are directly transferred to relevant UN processes/conventions
● Key driver of the European Nitrogen Assessment which provided, for the first time, a Europe-wide assessment of the impact of nitrogen on ecosystems
Why does it matter?
Nitrogen is crucial for any life of earth. Its increasing use in fertilisers over the last 100 years has boosted agricultural productivity and sustained a growing population. But at the same time it has mostly negative side effects on human health, ecosystems and climate.
NITROEUROPE Re a ct i v e N i tro g e n – T o o m u c h o f a g oo d thing Areas of research Carbon and nitrogen cycles
Preservation of the Arctic in unison with its peoples through a better understanding of its natural and human environment.
Key region in the global climate system, undergoing massive and rapid environmental change: Surface temperatures warming twice as fast as the global average, ice thinning faster than anticipated by climate models, sea-ice coverage near record lows since summer 2011.
Areas of research Arctic research Ice2sea overall aim Ice2sea is specifically focussed on the contribution to sea-level rise that will arise from loss of continental glaciers and ice sheets and which give rise to the largest part of the uncertainty in the projections. First achievements ICE2SEA has proved that the most important factor concerning melting ice-sheets is not the air above them but the warmer oceans into which they flow. RECONCILE overall aim In the long run, climate change may radically alter the temperature, circulation patterns and chemical composition in the stratosphere. To realistically predict the response of the ozone layer to these changes and the future evolution of Arctic ozone , a complete representation of all relevant processes is necessary. RECONCILE sets out to reach full quantitative understanding of Arctic stratospheric ozone loss . First achievements RECONCILE played a key role in the recent discovery related to t he ozone depletion over the Arctic .
Aerosols and their role on air pollution and climate (EUCAARI, PEGASOS)
Environmental impacts of megacities (CITYZEN, MEGAPOLI)
Effects on European Ecosystems (ECLAIR)
Climate and Air Quality Impacts of Short-Lived Pollutants (ECLIPSE)
The chemistry of the ozone depletion (RECONCILE)
Areas of research Atmosphere pollution and processes
PEGASOS - Overall aim
To enhance our understanding of the interactions of climate and atmospheric chemistry in the past, present and future.
Better estimates of air pollution in Europe and its impact on climate.
Support to the EC/Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution and Air Quality regulation.
Better quantification of regional and global links between air pollution and climate change to underpin mitigation options and other policy initiatives .
Areas of research Water resources
CC impacts on hydrological cycle (ACQWA)
CC impacts on water and security
(CLIMB / WASSERMed / CLICO)
CC impacts on the Mediterranean (CLIMB / WASSERMed / CLICO)
Climate induced changes on the hydrology of Mediterranean basins: reducing uncertainty and quantifying risk through an integrated monitoring and modelling system (CLIMB)
Water availability and security in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean (WASSERMed )
Climate change, hydro-conflicts and human resources (CLICO)
ACQWA - Assessing climate impacts on the quantiy and quality of water
To estimate the future changes in order to prepare the way for appropriate adaptation strategies and improved water governance
Integrated modelling approach to enable accurate projections of changes in the seasonality and quantity of runoff in the river basins under scrutiny in the ACQWA project
Identification of key economic impacts and assessment of the possible rivalries between economic actors
Building of a comprehensive knowledge base to identify appropriate adaptation options, to assess their full costs and to support the development of medium and long-term adaptation strategies at national, regional and local scales
Areas of research Impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation
ClimSave – Climate change integrated assessment methodology for cross-sectoral adaptation and vulnerability in Europe
To develop a user-friendly, interactive web-based tool that will allow stakeholders to assess climate change impacts and vulnerabilities for a range of sectors
The tool will also enable stakeholders to explore adaptation strategies for reducing climate change vulnerability, discovering where, when and under what circumstances such actions may help.
It will highlight the cost-effectiveness and cross-sectoral benefits and conflicts of different adaptation options and enable uncertainties to be investigated to better inform the development of robust policy responses
RESPONSES - European responses to climate change: deep emissions reductions and mainstreaming of mitigation and adaptation
Identify and assess integrated EU climate-change policy responses that achieve ambitious mitigation and environmental targets and, at the same time, reduce the Union’s vulnerability to inevitable climate-change impacts.
A new set of global low emissions scenarios (400-450 ppm CO2-equivalent) will be developed, considering the EU 2°C objective
Contribute to the development of effective mitigation measures to climate change and its impacts through:
Analysis of different mitigation pathways and associated emissions reduction scenarios
Improved knowledge base for assessment of costs, benefits and consequences of specific mitigation policies and different policy mix, including economic instruments
Better science/policy interface (development of modelling tools, scenario-based decision support tools, governance of climate change policy)
Areas of research Economics of climate change and mitigation pathways
It will focus on four central areas:
The role of uncertainty about the climate response to anthropogenic forcing on the remaining carbon budget for supplying societies around the globe with energy,
the role of technology availability, innovation and myopia in the energy sector,
the role of policy imperfections like limited regional or sectoral participation in climate policy regimes, and
the implications for decarbonisation scenarios and policies for Europe.
Assessment of Climate Change Mitigation Pathways and Evaluation of the Robustness of Mitigation Cost Estimates AMPERE- Overall aim : Use a sizable ensemble of state-of-the-art energy-economy and integrated assessment models to analyse mitigation pathways and associated mitigation costs in a series of multi-model inter-comparisons.
FP7 climate change research Participation of Israel only 0,12% of climate change project’s budget! 593.106 798.970 39.430 44.220 Ministry of Environmental Protection 1.999.331 2.271.877 Climate Impact Research & Response Coordination for a Larger Europe - 2nd Generation ERA-Net -Science meets Policy CIRCLE-2 64.949 86.598 WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE 6.999.992 9.809.259 Pan-European Gas-AeroSol-climate interaction Study PEGASOS 50.440 85.368 WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE 998.352 1.372.728 Atmospheric Composition Change: the European Network-Policy Support and Science ACCENT-PLUS 191.520 253.760 BAR ILAN UNIVERSITY 3.490.169 4.825.050 MEDiterranean Sea Acidification in a changing climate MEDSEA 246.768 329.024 BAR ILAN UNIVERSITY 6.474.632 8.581.206 Future of Reefs in a Changing Environment (FORCE): An ecosystem approach to managing Caribbean coral reefs in the face of climate change FORCE Participant EC Contribution Participant Total Cost Participant Legal Name Project EC Contribution Project Total Cost Project Title Project Acronym
ENVIRONMENT including climate change Main Features of WP2012 Calls
Europe 2020 Strategy and its Flagship Initiatives on Innovation Union and Resource Efficiency
Emphasis on innovation
Challenge-driven approach – 5 main challenges
More focused priorities and fewer and less prescriptive topics (bottom –up approach)
More flexibility and simplified Work Programme
Wider participation of European industry and SMES (2 stages submission)
WP2012 Calls Challenge 6.1 Coping with climate change
Overall aim To create a more effective interface between climate change knowledge, social and economic systems and the policy-making process
In particular, the call explored:
The key knowledge gaps in climate science that may allow reliable seasonal-to-decadal predictions, paving the way to the future development of climate services
The economic opportunities the costs and the impacts associated to the development of a low carbon, resource efficient and climate resilient society and economy
The opportunities, risks, feasibility and policy implications of geo-engineering
Indicative budget: 55 M€
Work Programme 2013
In the starting phase of strategy-setting
Inputs from stakeholders
Last call of FP7
Need to bridge with Horizon 2020 (2014-2020)
Same structure as for the 2012 Call
More budget than in previous calls (~320 M€)
Horizon 2020 (2014-2020)
An overall proposed budget of 80 billion €
A single framework merging research and innovation (FP, CIP, EIT)
Simplification: a common toolkit of funding schemes and a single cost model
Increased use of innovative financial instruments
Currently discussed inside the Commission, expected for adoption on 30 November 2011
Horizon 2020 Objectives and structure
Industrial Leadership and Competitive Frameworks
Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies (ICT, nano, materials, bio, manufacturing, space)
Access to risk finance
Innovation in SMEs
Excellent Science Base
European Research Council
Future and Emerging Technologies
Marie Curie actions on skills, training and career development
Shared objectives and principles Common rules, toolkit of funding schemes Supporting the objectives: European Institute for Innovation and Technology Joint Research Centre Europe 2020 priorities European Research Area Simplified access International cooperation Dissemination & knowledge transfer
Tackling Societal Challenges
Health, demographic change and wellbeing
Food security and the bio-based economy
Secure, clean and efficient energy
Smart, green and integrated transport
Climate action & Resource Efficiency including Raw Materials
Inclusive, innovative and secure societies
Other new initiatives on Climate Change
EIT (European Institute of Innovation and Technology): launched the Climate KIC
Education for entrepreneurship
Innovation and spin-off creation
Joint Programming Initiative “Connecting climate knowledge for Europe”
12 member countries and 1 observer country up to now
Objective to coordinate national research activities and to establish joint activities
Focus on modelling for climate services and decision making tools
Thanks for your attention! [email_address]
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