Climate Protection and Energy in Local Government in Israel

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  • Most of the cities included in the database are part of transnational municipal networks Since the early 1990s, when CCP, CA and E-C were formed, membership in these networks has been growing. Membership in these traditional networks has become relatively stable. New breed of networks focused on the ‘political’ – inclusion of Mayors, started in the US spread to Australia and NZ and globally. This is being in part driven by ICLEI. New interest of the ‘big cities’ in climate change – C40, started in 2005 by The Climate Group and London to accompany G8 summit, now sponsored by the Clinton Foundation and with membership of 40 of the world’s largest cities. London as lead player.
  • Most of the cities included in the database are part of transnational municipal networks Since the early 1990s, when CCP, CA and E-C were formed, membership in these networks has been growing. Membership in these traditional networks has become relatively stable. New breed of networks focused on the ‘political’ – inclusion of Mayors, started in the US spread to Australia and NZ and globally. This is being in part driven by ICLEI. New interest of the ‘big cities’ in climate change – C40, started in 2005 by The Climate Group and London to accompany G8 summit, now sponsored by the Clinton Foundation and with membership of 40 of the world’s largest cities. London as lead player.
  • The existence of such networks clearly demonstrates that the ‘urban’ governance of climate change is not bound by city limits. It is multilevel in the broadest sense – not only about interactions between multiple levels of government, but also what has been termed ‘Type II’ multilevel governance, horizontal networking across scales, which creates new political arenas not necessarily tied to any particular territory. While governing tends to focus on the municipal authority, here are a range of other players involved – national and regional governments, corporate actors, foundations and the sorts of ‘hybrid’ networks which I have just discussed. This is clearly not ‘government’ in the traditional sense, but nor is the state absent – governance is a term used to catch this complexity but I prefer to think about how governing , as a process, is conducted. Research comparing the experience of UK and German local authorities suggests we can think of four different modes which the governing of climate change takes ….
  • www.uneptie.org/pc/cp/library/training/cdgpack/contents/InWEnt%20(CP-SC%20Jan04)/SCP2-GlobalContext.ppt
  • התייעלות אנרגטית פועלת במספר אפיקים : תשתית – תכנון יעיל של מבנים כך שיקטינו את צריכת האנרגיה ( למשל , בידוד משופר שמקטין את ההוצאות על חימום וקירור , פתחי תאורה שמקטינים את הצורך בתאורה מלאכותית , הצללה של החלונות כך שלא תהיה שמש ישירה ). ציוד – במבנים רבים יש ציוד ישן שאינו יעיל אנרגטית , כלומר צורך הרבה חשמל בשביל תפוקה נמוכה , דוגמת מזגני חלון או מקררים עתיקים ). החסכון באנרגיה כתוצאה משימוש בציוד חדיש וחסכוני יותר עשויה להניב חיסכון אשר יכסה תוך זמן קצר יחסית את עלות החלפת הציוד . החלפה של מערכות התאורה ולעתים הנורות בלבד כבר עשויה להניב חיסכון משמעותי טכנולוגיה – בשנים האחרונות נכנסות לשוק מערכות טכנולוגיות חדישות , שמאפשרות שליטה ובקרה טובות יותר על השימוש באנרגיה , ומערכות חשמליות המביאות לניצול יעיל יותר של החשמל הנצרך ( לדוגמה , באמצעות הקטנת ההספק של החשמל המוזרם למבנה ). התקנה של בקרים , המכבים את התאורה והמזגן כאשר אין איש בחדר , שליטה מרחוק דרך האינטרנט שמאפשרת בקרה על השימוש בחשמל בצורה מרוכזת , מערכות מניה חכמה ועוד . תרבות ארגונית – על העובדים לקחת חלק בתהליך , שכן הם אלו שצורכים בסופו של דבר את האנרגיה . שימוש במזגן בטמפרטורה מאוד נמוכה עם חלון פתוח , תאורה חזקה בחדר כשאור חזק נכנס מבחוץ , כיבוי של התאורה והמיזוג עם היציאה מהחדר – כל אלו הם שינויים שיש להנחיל לעובדים . כמובן שאין מסתמכים רק על רצון טוב של העובדים ומתקינים גם מערכות בקרה , אך שותפותם חשובה מאוד להצלחת התהליך . ניתן לעודד אותם להצטרף גם באמצעות תמרצים כלכליים , דוגמת העברת החסכון הכספי למחלקה החוסכת .
  • כיצד אנו מציעים לעירייה להתקדם , על מנת להתחיל בתהליך של התייעלות אנרגטית המודל , על פי המלצות ה - DOE לרשויות יש לדאוג לתאום בין הנהלת העירייה וראשי האגפים את הסקר והמיפוי יבצעו אנשי המקצוע של העירייה
  • כיצד אנו מציעים לעירייה להתקדם , על מנת להתחיל בתהליך של התייעלות אנרגטית המודל , על פי המלצות ה - DOE לרשויות יש לדאוג לתאום בין הנהלת העירייה וראשי האגפים את הסקר והמיפוי יבצעו אנשי המקצוע של העירייה
  • כיצד אנו מציעים לעירייה להתקדם , על מנת להתחיל בתהליך של התייעלות אנרגטית המודל , על פי המלצות ה - DOE לרשויות יש לדאוג לתאום בין הנהלת העירייה וראשי האגפים את הסקר והמיפוי יבצעו אנשי המקצוע של העירייה
  • Climate Protection and Energy in Local Government in Israel

    1. 1. Sustainability, Climate Protection and Energy in Local Government in Israel Orli Ronen Heschel Center/Center for Local Sustainability
    2. 2. Sustainability, Climate Protection and Energy in Local Government in Israel <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Local Policies surpass National Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Best Practices </li></ul>
    3. 3. Background: From Local to Global – City Leadership <ul><li>Rio 1992 – Local Government emerges </li></ul><ul><li>Post Johannesburg – new climate networks </li></ul><ul><li>European cities lead networks </li></ul><ul><li>Leading networks: ICLEI, Energy Cities, Covenant of Mayors </li></ul><ul><li>2008 - 18 Israeli cities join CCP </li></ul>
    4. 4. UN IPCC
    5. 5. Israel Development burdens are Local: Built area Motorization Electricity Population 40 m/per person (2020) 236 private vehicles p/1000 (2006) <ul><ul><li>95,580 million kWh (2020) </li></ul></ul>9 million (2025) 2.2 kilo per person (2010) 20 m/per person 7 million (2009) <ul><ul><li>42,678 million kWh </li></ul></ul>1.2 kilo per person (1975) 166 private vehicles p/1000 (1990) Waste
    6. 6. Change Sustainable approach?
    7. 7. Israel Local Government 2000-2010: From Damage Control to Sustainable Development cost prevent supervize minimize ignore Sustainable Dev. opportunity Reaction and treatment Planning and prevention objective recycle Clean production Sustainable consumption
    8. 8. CBCSCIL catalysts LIFE project; Center for Local Sustainability Education: schools, community centers Legislation: Environmental committees Local activity: NGO’s, individuals… Municipal environmental units Professional training
    9. 9. LIFE Third Countries project – 2006-2008 : Leveraging Local Sustainability in Israel Overall objectives: To instigate large-scale capacity building in local governments in Israel, in order to create sustainable communities according to LA21 principles. <ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>An increased level of sustainability practice and awareness in municipal policies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Availability and use of new tools and strategies for promoting sustainability in different types of municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>18 of the largest Israeli cities commit to 20/20 GHG targets </li></ul><ul><li>More than 50% of Regional Authorities initiate Sustainable Development Master plans </li></ul>
    10. 10. Regional Authorities: Masterplans for Sustainable Development Forum 15: Cities for Climate Protection Emerging Blue and White Local Leadership:
    11. 11. תל אביב - יפו אוכ ': 423,000 אשדוד אוכ : 210,000 באר שבע אוכ ': 197,000 גבעתיים אוכ ': 55,000 הרצליה אוכ ': 130,000 חדרה אוכ ': 85,000 חולון אוכ ': 188,000 חיפה אוכ ': 270,000 כפר סבא אוכ ': 85,000 נתניה אוכ ': 190,000 רעננה אוכ ': 72,000 רמת גן אוכ ': 145,000 ראשון לציון אוכ ': 228,000 פתח תקוה אוכ ': 187,000 רחובות אוכ ': 110,000 Forum of 15 בת ים אוכ ': 197,000 ירושלים אוכ ': 197,000 אשקלון אוכ ': 197,000
    12. 13. Urban Master Plan - ICLEI <ul><ul><ul><li>GHG Inventory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Targets ; 20% reduction by 2020 from 2000 levels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urban Masterplan for GHG reduction. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implementing policies and projects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment and Reporting </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 14. Action Plan – Thematic Areas Transport and Fuels . Energy and Building Open Spaces . Waste
    14. 15. <ul><li>Challenge the national GHG commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Recruit Government support </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain mayors’ commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Get Local Government involved in national policy </li></ul><ul><li>Create sustainable development and wellbeing models for Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Training and capacity building framework for cities and focal points </li></ul><ul><li>Compile a data base of GHG emissions of the 18 cities </li></ul><ul><li>Implement an array of immediate actions to reduce GHG emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in International Forums </li></ul>Progress in three years:
    15. 16. Regional Authorities: Masterplans for Sustainable Development
    16. 17. Regional Authorities Central Coordination Steering Committee Capacity building Coordinating and negotiating with the central government Developing tools and information Consultants pool Project Coordinator Budgeting Advocacy and support to the local level
    17. 18. <ul><li>Over 50% of Regional Authorities have joined the process </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO accreditation to Megido Plan </li></ul><ul><li>More than 10 plans in implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Statutory Plans evolving </li></ul><ul><li>Waste and building schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Set of Indicators in process </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot projects for social aspects implemented </li></ul><ul><li>Masterplan for sustainable agriculture developed by Ministry of Agriculture </li></ul>Progress :
    18. 19. Regional Authorities: Masterplans for Sustainable Development Forum 15: Cities for Climate Protection Additional Blue and White Local Leadership: Environmental Tag for Resource Conservation
    19. 20. Environmental Tag for Resource Conservation Waste Water and Sewage Energy
    20. 21. <ul><li>Local Governments take responsibility for the </li></ul><ul><li>local environment and residents’ wellbeing </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency in resource management resulting in savings for municipalities and residents </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient resource management (Energy, Water, Land) for environmental conservation for present and future generations </li></ul><ul><li>Reeducation of GHG emissions </li></ul>Objectives of the Environmental Tag Initiative: The Local Energy Initiative
    21. 22. The Local Energy Initiative Capacity Building for Energy Efficiency in Local Government !!!!
    22. 23. Energy as a Resource <ul><li>Energy= a local resource </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics: waste, growth in consumption </li></ul><ul><li>10%-30% Saving potential: </li></ul><ul><li>Quick ROI, no impact on ongoing activity </li></ul><ul><li>significant impact on cash flow </li></ul><ul><li>Positive public image and example to residents </li></ul>
    23. 24. &quot; it Pays to Think Green &quot; Local Energy Efficiency Municipalities can attain at least 10% efficiency through behavioral changes and an additional 10% through technical solutions . Efficiency is attained within a year or two from beginning of process.
    24. 25. How can we attain Energy Efficiency? <ul><li>Infrastructure – efficient construction reduces energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment – shifting to more efficient equipment (lamps, electrical equipment) </li></ul><ul><li>Technology – innovative means for system improvement (control mechanisms, supply technology) </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational Culture – Instigating behavioral changes among municipal employees (training, incentives, education) </li></ul>
    25. 26. Municipal Support Package <ul><li>Analysis of saving potential of local public buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Training for energy personnel and building users </li></ul><ul><li>Assistance in compiling general data from the Israel Electric Company </li></ul><ul><li>On Site support in implementing the efficiency plan and feedback mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance in preparing education and dissemination programs for implementing energy efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction and networking with relevant cities and success stories </li></ul><ul><li>Support for the establishment of a Local Energy Center </li></ul>
    26. 27. The Energy Calculation Tool # of students yearly cost yearly energy building 20,484 3,099,232 nis 5,945,152 Total High Schools Pre School Middle Schools Elementary
    27. 28. Municipal Energy Consumption Chart
    28. 29. Municipal Input <ul><li>Mayor’s commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of an administration unit and nominating a director for Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation in energy survey and mapping: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Map of city energy usage (street lighting, public buildings) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>type of public buildings mapping of municipal meters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Translating the findings into a Local Action Plan for Energy Efficiency </li></ul>
    29. 30. Municipal Process
    30. 31. Local Sustainability Hub <ul><li>Address for Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration facility </li></ul><ul><li>Public Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>On hand information </li></ul><ul><li>Access to energy saving equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Community Garden </li></ul><ul><li>Training and workshops </li></ul>
    31. 32. Thank You

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