1. ACCENT-‐Plus Linking Science and Policy Sandro Fuzzi Coordinator
2. The Project • THEME: Networking ac@vi@es on atmospheric composi@on and climate change for research collabora@on and policy making • Coordina0on and support ac0on • Funding: 998,352 Euro • Dura0on: 1 November 2010 – 31 October 2014
3. The legacy of ACCENT • The proposal builds on the successful eﬀorts of the Network of Excellence ACCENT which over the past six years has brought together the atmospheric science community engaged in global change and air pollu0on studies • Some numbers on ACCENT outcome: – three major European Symposia organized on atmospheric composi0on change; – 135 topical workshops organized; – 33 exchange programs funded – mainly concerning young scien0sts – involving 127 researchers; – more than 500 young scien0sts funded to aTend Interna0onal Conferences; – 68 science reports published, including 29 ACCENT series reports; – over 900 papers contributed in peer reviewed interna0onal journals; – over 1500 conference presenta0ons.
4. From ACCENT to ACCENT-‐Plus • The general concept for ACCENT-‐Plus is to extend the breadth of ACCENT to reach out more strongly to the policy community to facilitate the transfer of research results into policy development and decision making • ACCENT-‐Plus aims, through the research eﬀorts of the whole community, at answering the general ques0on: “How can Europe control the composi4on of its atmosphere under a changing climate?”, and to transfer the science results to the policy/decision making. Simple, authorita0ve and well ar0culated documents will be communicated to stakeholders and used in support of the decision making process. A wide range of dissemina0on and training ac0vi0es will transfer this informa0on to diﬀerent levels of stakeholders
5. ACCENT-‐Plus Web Portal hGp://www.accent-‐network.org/
6. Ac0ons planned • involving the atmospheric chemistry community at large in the planned networking ac0vity, providing the required cri0cal mass. This will be accomplished by associa0ng the partners and associates of the previous ACCENT phase; • maintaining and extending the ACCENT-‐Plus Web Portal ac0vi0es which include sharing of informa0on within the science community, ac0vity planning, and outreach to stakeholders; • providing informa0on on policy relevant issues dealing with atmospheric composi0on changes in the wider context of food security, energy, ecosystem services, human health; • maintaining the European IGAC oﬃce to provide the interna0onal context for ACCENT-‐Plus science and policy oriented outputs; • organising a biennial conference of the en0re European science community involved in atmospheric composi0on change research, con0nuing the successful series of Urbino Symposia; • organising topical workshops on relevant aspects of atmospheric composi0on changes and their policy implica0ons; • promo0ng the ACCENT-‐Plus Summer School to contribute developing a skilled genera0on of scien0sts and policy makers; • producing four high proﬁle review papers (ACCENT-‐Plus Topical Papers) on key topical issue from both scien0ﬁc and policy perspec0ves and a policy oriented synthesis paper/book; • coordina0ng the eﬀorts with other FP7 projects funded within the speciﬁc ﬁeld of science.
7. INVOLVING THE ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY COMMUNITY AT LARGE The call for associates, permanently open, is available at: www.accent-‐network.org
8. Management of ACCENT Plus
9. ACCENT-‐Plus Topical Papers • Ozone – The emissions of precursors have decreased signiﬁcantly in Europe over the last two decades. These changes have reduced peak concentra0ons, but mean concentra0ons have increased. Why has the ozone concentra0on not decreased more substan0ally? How well do we understand the cause of increases in background ozone? Are the trends in background ozone suﬃciently well understood? How well do we understand the interac0ons between tropospheric ozone and changes in climate? • Par0culate MaTer – How well are we able to quan0fy sources of PM in Europe? What species/types of aerosols should be regulated? What are the most damaging compounds? What is the importance of primary vs. secondary aerosols for health and climate change? What is the combined impact of the diﬀerent types of aerosols on climate? What is the impact of changes in the concentra0ons of par0cles on clouds and precipita0on? Can win-‐win strategies for climate and air quality be developed? • Methane – The trends in global atmospheric methane since the early 1990s have ﬂuctuated substan0ally and none of the several hypotheses are adequate to explain the observa0ons. What is the current understanding of natural and anthropogenic sources of methane? Which are the chemical sinks in the atmosphere, and which the oxida0on sink in soils? What will be the feedbacks of climate changes onto sources and sinks of atmospheric methane? • Nitrogen Cycle – How well do we understand the global cycle of ﬁxed nitrogen compounds? What is the impact of food produc0on on the global and regional nitrogen budget? What is the impact of nitrogen compounds on aerosols? How will climate change impact emissions, atmospheric processing, concentra0ons and deposi0on of nitrogen compounds? How are nitrogen levels changing in ci0es/megaci0es and what is the impact on health? The human modiﬁca0on of the nitrogen cycle has a profound eﬀect on the carbon cycle, but how well is this quan0ﬁed at global and regional scales?
10. Schedule to prepare the topical papers
11. ACCENT-‐Plus Summer School “Chemistry-‐ Climate Interac0ons” • It is important to develop a skilled genera0on of scien0sts and policymakers who understand the issues related to climate change and their rela0on to atmospheric chemistry. • The summer school will assemble a group of natural and social scien0sts and will address ques0ons at the interface between physical, chemical, biological, social and poli0cal sciences. • To op0mise resources the venue will be either before or aher the next Urbino Symposium (September 2013)