Cancun presentation

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Cancun presentation

  1. 1. SPC Climate change Activities in the Pacific <br />* Presentation made at ICES/PICES/FAO Symposium ‘Climate change effects on fish and fisheries’, Sendai, Japan, April 2010<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Mainstreaming climate change into SPC activities<br />Vulnerability of fisheries<br />Developing climate resilient crops<br />Other activities<br />
  3. 3. Vulnerability of <br />Our approach<br />Vulnerability of Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Pacific to Climate Change<br />Projected changes to atmospheric and oceanic conditions<br />Ecosystems supporting fish<br />Fish stocks<br />Implications for food security, livelihoods and economic growth<br />Adaptations needed to maintain productivity - management and policies<br />
  4. 4. 70 contributors from 30 institutions<br /><ul><li>Alfred-Wegener-Institute, Germany
  5. 5. Australian Institute of Marine Science
  6. 6. CSIRO
  7. 7. CLS, Satellite Oceanography Division, France
  8. 8. C20 Consulting, Australia
  9. 9. Danish Meteorological Institute
  10. 10. Forum Fisheries Agency
  11. 11. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
  12. 12. IFREMER
  13. 13. Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement
  14. 14. James Cook University
  15. 15. LSCE, IPSL, Paris, France
  16. 16. Network of Aquaculture Centres for Asia -Pacific
  17. 17. NOAA
  18. 18. Papua New Guinea National Fisheries Department
  19. 19. Secretariat of the Pacific Community
  20. 20. Service de la Peche French Polynesia
  21. 21. Snowy Mountains Engineering Corporation
  22. 22. SOPAC
  23. 23. Solomon Islands Ministry of Fisheries
  24. 24. SPREP
  25. 25. The WorldFish Center
  26. 26. University of Hawaii
  27. 27. University of Auckland
  28. 28. University of New South Wales
  29. 29. University of Queensland
  30. 30. University of Singapore
  31. 31. University of Tasmania
  32. 32. Vanuatu Fisheries Department
  33. 33. Virginia Institute of Marine Science, USA
  34. 34. Western Australia Department of Fisheries</li></ul>Lead authors: Janice Lough, Alex Ganachaud, Robert Le Borgne, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Michelle Waycott, Peter Gehrke, Patrick Lehodey, Morgan Pratchett, Tim Pickering, Johann Bell<br />Editors: Johann Bell, Johanna Johnson, Alistair Hobday<br />
  35. 35. Roles of fisheries and aquaculture<br /><ul><li>Food security
  36. 36. Livelihoods
  37. 37. Economic development and government revenue
  38. 38. Options for adaptation
  39. 39. What role for fisheries</li></li></ul><li>Projections for coastal fisheries under climate change<br />Today<br />2035 A2 (-2 to -5%) <br />2050 A2 (-20%)<br />2100 A2 (-20 to -50%) <br />
  40. 40. Projections for tuna (Solomon Islands)<br />2035 A2 (+3.2 %)<br />NOW <br />Governments of PNG and Solomon Islands will need to allocate a greater proportion of tuna resources for food security<br />2050 A2 (-5.5%)<br />2100 A2 (-15.4 %)<br />X<br />X<br />X<br />
  41. 41. Outputs<br /><ul><li>Major Peer reviewed Publication
  42. 42. Most comprehensive study to date
  43. 43. Information dissemination
  44. 44. Report release
  45. 45. Mid-2011
  46. 46. Input to regional discussions
  47. 47. IPCC submission</li></ul>Source: Gillett and Cartwright 2010<br />
  48. 48. Climate Resilient Crops<br />Establishing the Climate Ready Crop Collection<br />Identifying climate resilient traits <br />Salt and drought tolerance<br />Rapid maturing post disaster crops<br />CO2 fertilization<br />80 species and varieties have been evaluated (yams, cassava, sweet potato)<br />Field testing is commencing in 9 countries<br />Aim is to create regional and national gene banks to strengthen food security<br />
  49. 49. Other Activities<br />Forestry and REDD<br />Forest inventories, REDD readiness<br />Energy<br /> in design phase<br />Education<br />In design phase<br />Integrating CC into national development and joint country strategies<br />

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