Demand and Competitiveness: “Sunlight is the best disinfectant” – building energy performance will be transparent, and building operators will be accountable for ongoing performance. Creates organic competition in the marketplace that will drive demand for improvement without public subsidies.
Led by strong mayoral leadership, cities are making a difference by adopting strong policy packages that addressing market failures by increasing energy performance transparency and implementing other strategies to catalyze demand for energy-efficient buildings.
Utility Data Access-7-27-2012 - IMT for EE Buildings Hub
Energy Benchmarking, Reporting and Data Access: A National PerspectiveJuly 27, 2012 | EEB Hub Regional Data Management Working GroupCliff MajersikExecutive DirectorInstitute for Market Transformationcliff@imt.org
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN MAJOR CITIES NEW YORK CITY DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA In large cities with good public Solid waste, wastewater and fugitive (5%) Transportation (22%) transportation,Transportation (20%) Waste (2%) buildings Metro transit (2%) typically account Buildings (75%) Buildings (74%) for 70% or more of CO2 emissions CHICAGO BOSTON and energy usage. Other (9%) Transportation (29%)Transportation (21%) Buildings (70%) Buildings (71%)
No information = no actionCities are looking at what drives demand and competition in other industries How can markets work more effectively? How can demand increase without public subsidies? How can policy help reduce energy costs for businesses and consumers and create jobs?
A Virtuous Cycle“Whenperformance ismeasured,performanceimproves. Whenperformance ismeasured andreported back,the rate ofimprovementaccelerates.” One result: Exceptionally cost-effective peak load reductions
Benchmarks Guide Investment Survey of hundreds of facility managers . Audin, Lindsay. “Finding Your Best Energy Opportunity.” Building Operating Management. December, 2011.
Added Value of ENERGY STAR-Labeled Commercial Buildings in the U.S. Market ENERGY STAR-Labeled Buildings Command Market Premiums
Industry Standard >250,000commercial buildings >40,000 individual accounts27 billion sq. ft. of commercial & institutional office space More than 35%of commercial market
Saving $ and the Environment Through 2011, nearly16,500 ENERGY STAR Certified buildings • Saved nearly $2.3 billion in energy costs annually • Reduced the equivalent of 12 Million Metric Tons of CO2 a year • Equivalent to electric use of over 1.5 million homes
BENCHMARKING AND DISCLOSURE POLICIES, 2007 - PRESENT
LOCAL REQUIREMENTS AND POLICY STATUS Benchmarking Jurisdiction Reporting Disclosure Audits RCx (Building Type and Size) Non- Multi- To local On public To To transactional counterparties residential family gov’t web site tenants Sale Lease Financing Austin 10k SF+ 5+ units - - - - - California 10k SF+ - - - - - Washington, DC 50k SF+ 50k SF+ - - - - - - New York City 50k SF+ 50k SF+ - - - - San Francisco 10k SF+ - - - - - Philadelphia 50k SF+ - - - - - Seattle 10k SF+ 5+ units - - - Washington state 10k SF+ - - - - - - Boston Under Consideration Boulder Under Consideration Cambridge Under Consideration Chicago Under Consideration Minneapolis Under Consideration Portland Under Consideration San Jose Under Consideration
BUILDING AREA (IN SQUARE FEET) COVERED ANNUALLY Seattle San Francisco 281 million SF 205 million SF Washington State 247 million SFExisting policies will Austinimpact more than 113 million SF60,000 California 347 million SFbuildings Washington, DC 420 million SF NYCtotaling more than 2.5 billion SF4 billion SF of NUMBER OF BUILDINGS COVERED ANNUALLYfloor space in major San Franciscoreal estate markets 2,700 bldgsover the next few Seattle 9,000 bldgs NYCyears 16,000 bldgs Washington State 4,600 bldgs Washington, DC Austin 1,900 bldgs 2,800 bldgs California 13,600 bldgs
Economic analysis of benchmarking and Job creation study in New York City found disclosure policy advised by real estate service providers hiring as a result of leaders Greener, Greater Buildings Plan Create more than 59,000 net new jobs Primary issue is lack of demand, not in 2020 financing Reduce energy costs for building owners and businesses by $18 billion in 2020
Access to Utility Data21% of utilities have completed the questionnairehttp://en.openei.org/wiki/Utility_Access_Map
Energy Usage Data System• Automatically submits whole building energy usage data to Portfolio Manager• Easy free online enrollment• Used by 3,125 buildings!• Increasing demand for ComEd efficiency programs
Of those who benchmarked: • 62% took energyReport for the management actionsCalifornia PublicUtility Commission: • 84% planned or implemented energyUtility-led efficiency improvementsbenchmarkingprograms yielding • 81% link improvements tosubstantial energy utility efficiency programssavingsApril 2012 • 82% said utility training had been sufficient to benchmark buildings on their own
BOMA, RER, IMT, USGBC form DATA Alliance to work with utilities and regulators to secure better access to utility data July 2011: NARUC resolution encourages regulators to facilitate benchmarking and whole building data access to commercial building owners Collaboration with Administration on expanding Green Button initiative to include multi-tenant data access for Energy Star benchmarking www.energydataalliance.org
Cliff MajersikExecutive DirectorInstitute for Market Transformationcliff@imt.orgwww.imt.orgwww.buildingrating.orgwww.energydataalliance.org
NEW YORK CITYGREENER, GREATERBUILDINGS PLAN Energy benchmarking and public disclosure for large buildings, + mandatory audits, RCx, lighting upgrades and tenant sub metering NYC buildings account for $15 billion annually in energy costs, 94% of NYC electricity usage Properties over 50,000 SF account for ~2% of building stock by number, but 50% of floor area Stock will exist for many, many years
EXISTING BUILDING STOCK IN NYC= 1 million buildings existing today = 85% will still exist in 2030 = 20,000 buildings Rendering courtesy NYC Mayor’s Office of Long-Term Planning and Sustainability
YEAR 1 RESULTS: NEW YORK CITY Approximately 75% overall compliance - Major outreach and training effort - Benchmarking help center by CUNY/NYSERDA - Data supplied by ConEd Significant participation by energy efficiency services vendors and consultants More than 2,300 city buildings benchmarked and disclosed City-wide aggregate analysis of building energy data to be published Year 2 compliance deadline was May Benchmarking data for commercial buildings published in Sept. 2012 Sept. 2012: 1st public Sept. 2013: 1st public disclosure for commercial disclosure for Dec. 2009: Greener, buildings multifamily buildings and Sept. 2011: First publicGreater Buildings Plan 2nd public disclosure for disclosure for municipal adopted commercial buildings facilities 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 May 2010: All municipal May 2012: 2nd May 2013: 3rd Aug. 2011: 1st benchmarking facilities benchmarked benchmarking benchmarking deadline for privately owned deadline for deadline for multifamily and commercial privately owned privately owned buildings buildings buildings