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Show Me the Data:How transparency for building energy use istransforming our cities Cliff Majersik Institute for Market Transformation (IMT) Cannon Design October 22, 2012
Background on IMTis a Washington, DC-based nonprofit organizationThe Institute for Market Transformation (IMT)promoting energy efficiency, green building, andenvironmental protection in the United States andabroad. IMT’s work addresses market failures thatinhibit investment in energy efficiency andsustainability in the building sector. Building Energy Performance Policy Building Energy Codes – Compliance Energy Efficiency Financing – • Commercial and Residential • Green Leasing • •
Why Energy Efficiency Matters Market transformation is a strategic process of market intervention which aims to remove barriers, leverage opportunities and internalize the value of energy efficiency as a matter of standard practice.What Is Market Transformation?
Existing BuildingsProjection:85% of buildingsoperating in 2030 havealready been built
Style is more than a gloss on your concepts. It’s part and parcel of literary substance—defining your material, enabling comprehension of your points, and persuading the audience to adopt your way of thinking.Building Energy Rating and Disclosure
Rating Laws: International Timeline 2004: Norway, 2010: EPBD Recast part of the European The EPBD is recast to Economic Area, formally strengthen the energy agrees to implement the 2007: Brazil adopts voluntary performance EPBD and building 1997: Denmark building rating regulations that requirements for all EU certification requirements requires energy become mandatory in 2012 Member States and to certification for clarify and streamline homes and provisions from the buildings original Directive1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2002: 2008: China Energy Performance adopts a mandatory of Buildings Directive energy rating (EPBD) EU Member program for States are required to government 2010: Australia establish mandatory energy buildings. passes the Building certification schemes Energy Efficiency for all homes and buildings Disclosure Act requiring energy performance disclosure for commercial buildings at point of sale or lease
“When performance is measured, performance improves. When performance is measured andA Virtuous Cycle reported back, the rate of improvement accelerates.” 2.Market compares building performance 1.Building ratings disclosed to market 5.Efficiency of buildings continuously improves 3. Market 4.Owners rewards improve efficiency efficient to stay competitive buildings FLO-0103-2DC-5N
270,000Benchmarking on the Risenearly commercialbuildings benchmarked in 2011
• Free, Online ToolENERGY STAR • Track Record since 1999Portfolio Manager • Management Tool – Assess whole building energy and water consumption – Track change in energy, water, carbon emissions, & cost over time – Track green power purchases – Share/report data with others – Create custom reports – Apply for ENERGY STAR certificationwww.energystar.gov/benchmark – Apples-to-apples comparison with similar buildings
• Metrics CalculatorENERGY STAR – Energy consumption (source, site, weather normalized)Portfolio Manager – Water consumption – Greenhouse gas emissions (indirect, direct, total, avoided) – ENERGY STAR 1-to-100 score • For 15 building types • 75+ for Energy Star label • Required data – Square feet by space type – Space Use Attributes – Zip Code – 12 months of Utility Data
Through 2011, nearly16,500 ENERGY STAR Certifiedbuildings • Saved nearly $2.3 billion in energy costs annually • Reduced the equivalent of 12 Million Metric Tons of CO2 a year Equivalent to the emissions from electric use of over 1.5 million homes
New York New York City Requires annual• City benchmarking and public disclosure, periodic audits and RCx, lighting retrofits and submetering in large commercial and multifamily buildings• May 1, 2012: Second deadline for private buildings reporting• September 2012: Individual building ratings published
If all comparatively inefficient large buildings were brought up to the median EUI, NYC• could reduce energy consumption in large buildings by roughly 18% and GHG emissions by 20%.• Newer office buildings in NYC tend to use more energy per square foot than older ones.The Numbers Are In
DC Benchmarking: Publication of Results• Benchmark results will be made public in 2nd reporting year• Results will be reported on the DDOE website (www.ddoe.dc.gov) Address Year Built Energy Performance Rating (1-100) Energy Intensity Electricity Use Natural Gas Use Water Use CO2 Emissions Space Type Gross Building Area
Target Finder for New DC Buildings• DC Energy Act requires projects over 50,000 sq. ft. that submit 1st building permit after January 1, 2012 to model their energy performance using the ENERGY STAR Target Finder Tool and report results to the District• Results will be made public online alongside benchmarksEnergy models disclosed along with benchmarking resultswill create the “feedback loop” connecting design andperformance that will drive energy efficiency higher
Benchmarking Guides Investment Survey of hundreds of facility managers . Audin, Lindsay. “Finding Your Best Energy Opportunity.” Building Operating Management. December 2011.
Jobs: First Wave in Energy Services “As a Silicon Valley venture capitalist … I tell our green startup companies to focus on San Francisco or New York City. That’s where the action is going to be.” - Elton Sherwin, venture capitalist, senior managing director, Ridgewood Capital “Over the past year, we have begun working with over 75 million square feet of real estate in New York and over 400 new clients.” - Lindsay Napor McLean, COO, Ecological “When an owner sees a benchmarking score that is lower than expected, they’re a little more receptive to improvements to bring the score up, which in turn lowers their utility costs.” - Kevin Dingle, president, Sustaining Structures
Management gurus who Benchmarking write airport books aren’t and audits/RCx great writers, but their compliance jargon has seeped into “leverage our culture anyway. Some ” of their buzz words have already become clichéd.Sustainability / They can make the usergreen building Opportunities for A/E firms he sound pretentious, as ifconsulting or she thinks the jargon “synergy” term sounds “smarter” than the common equivalent. (It doesn’t.) Retrofits and “impactful” renovations
How Can Architects Help AdvanceBenchmarking Policy?
Get your local “Architects? Are you New York AIA and/or listening? This is big. You• USGBC chapter need to be fully up to City involved speed with benchmarking … and convinced that it spells win-win-win for• Coalition- everyone. building is key …it’s easy to imagine the• If you have deep-energy-retrofit work this change may produce.” clients who benchmark, see -Mike Davis, FAIA, incoming president of the Boston if they’ll vouch Society of Architects for benefits of benchmarking Writing in IMT’s blog, The Current
Energy Star Buildings Command Market Premiums Added Value of ENERGY STAR-Labeled Commercial Buildings in the U.S. Market
Management gurus who Benchmarking write airport books aren’tHelping appraisers assess the value ofefficiency compliance great writers, but their jargon has seeped into our culture anyway. Some of their buzz words have already become clichéd. May 2012: IMT and the Appraisal They can make the user Institute present sound pretentious, as if he both statistical or she thinks the jargon “synergy” data and case- term sounds “smarter” than the common of how buyers and equivalent. (It doesn’t.) study summaries renters place value on energy and Retrofit renovation performance and green building.
• Widespread benchmarking should lead to more realistic assumptions in energy models• In the future, energy models will inform building design more
Benchmarking and Energy Codes• Benchmarking will provide volumes of data about how buildings new and old perform. Codes, though increasingly stringent, are based on assumptions, not performance data.• Benchmarking data will inform the process of developing better codes for buildings that perform better in actual operations, not just in theory.