Factors Affecting Performance: How does training affect performance?

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Factors Affecting Performance: How does training affect performance?

  1. 1. Where to begin? Read through the documents on our class’ wikispace Download all relevant documents Follow @NSW_HSC_ONLINE Do the set readings from the textbook This slideshare is only to be used as supplementary information to your notes and research – The diagrams and ideas presented here are a rough summary. Use this and your additional notes to address the quizzes throughout the slideshare.
  2. 2. How does training affect performance? - Energy Systems - Types of Training and Training Methods - Principles of Training - Physiological adaptations in response to training
  3. 3. Energy Systems
  4. 4. Energy Systems
  5. 5. Energy Systems – Quiz Identify the energy system that is being predominantly utilised in this image. Justify your answer.
  6. 6. Energy Systems – Quiz Identify the energy system that is being predominantly utilised in this image. Justify your answer.
  7. 7. Energy Systems – Quiz Identify the energy system that is being predominantly utilised in this image. Justify your answer.
  8. 8. Energy Systems – Quiz Identify the energy system that is being predominantly utilised in this image. Justify your answer.
  9. 9. Types of Training and Training Methods The main types of training are aerobic, anaerobic, flexibility and strength training. Aerobic training includes continuous activities, such as running, swimming, as well as Fartlek, circuit training and long-interval training. These methods are designed to improve the efficiency of the cardiorespiratory system to deliver oxygen to working muscles. Source: http://www.hsc.csu.edu.au/pdhpe/core2/focus2/focus1/4007 /2-1-2/fac2_1_2.htm
  10. 10. Types of Training and Training Methods Anaerobic training involves high-intensity, short-duration exercise (such as interval training). This method is characterised by repeated bursts over short distances at high intensity and are designed to improve the two anaerobic energy pathways. Source: http://www.hsc.csu.edu.au/pdhpe/core2/focus2/focus1/ 4007/2-1-2/fac2_1_2.htm
  11. 11. Types of Training and Training Methods Flexibility training encompasses four methods, static, ballistic, dynamic, and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF). The appropriate method to use depends on the specific nature of the sport or activity involved. Source: http://www.hsc.csu.edu.au/pdhpe/core2/focus2/focus1/ 4007/2-1-2/fac2_1_2.htm
  12. 12. Types of Training and Training Methods Strength training utilises weight and hydraulic machines or other devices, such as elastic bands or free weights, to provide resistance against which a muscle can contract. It is designed to improve the amount of force that can be exerted by the muscle during a contraction. The most commonly used method is isotonic strength training whereby the muscle length changes as weights are lifted and lowered. Source: http://www.hsc.csu.edu.au/pdhpe/core2/focus2/focus1/4007 /2-1-2/fac2_1_2.htm
  13. 13. Types of Training and Training Methods - Quiz TRUE OR FALSE? The purpose of aerobic exercise is to ensure that athletes can exert more power in their performance of actions.
  14. 14. Types of Training and Training Methods - Quiz TRUE OR FALSE? Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) is a form of stretching that is necessary for unfit and/or young people to ensure muscles have maximum flexibility
  15. 15. Types of Training and Training Methods - Quiz TRUE OR FALSE? Interval Training is a form of anaerobic training.
  16. 16. Types of Training and Training Methods - Quiz TRUE OR FALSE? Strength training only involves the individual’s own body.
  17. 17. Principles of Training What principle of training applies to the following definition? The process of preparing the body for exercise and the process of minimising the soreness and injury sustained after exercise.
  18. 18. Principles of Training What principle of training applies to the following definition? There are necessary levels to which the intensity of exercise should reach to achieve the training effects that are desired.
  19. 19. Principles of Training What principle of training applies to the following definition?
  20. 20. Principles of Training What principle of training applies to the following definition? The best gains are made when there are targeted exercises, particular to the sport and energy system required
  21. 21. Principles of Training What principle of training applies to the following definition? “Use it or lose it”
  22. 22. Principles of Training What principle of training applies to the following definition? To improve the gains that are achieved, athletes must do more than what their bodies are accustomed to by increasing the workload.
  23. 23. Principles of Training What principle of training applies to the following definition? The implementation of an array of activities is important to maintain motivation and development of technical skills.
  24. 24. Body Responses to Exercise Identify the way in which the following areas respond to exercise: Resting Heart Rate
  25. 25. Body Responses to Exercise Identify the way in which the following areas respond to exercise: Stroke Volume and Cardiac Output
  26. 26. Body Responses to Exercise Identify the way in which the following areas respond to exercise: Resting Heart Rate
  27. 27. Body Responses to Exercise Identify the way in which the following areas respond to exercise: Oxygen Uptake and Lung Capacity
  28. 28. Body Responses to Exercise Identify the way in which the following areas respond to exercise: Haemoglobin Level
  29. 29. Body Responses to Exercise Identify the way in which the following areas respond to exercise: Muscle Hypertrophy
  30. 30. Body Responses to Exercise Identify the way in which the following areas respond to exercise: Muscle Fibres – Fast and Slow Twitch
  31. 31. How does training affect performance? 1. Consolidate your notes and understanding 2. Contribute to discussions on the wikispaces pages 3. Respond to practice papers from the Board of Studies: http://www.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au/hsc_exams/

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