PowerPoint®
Lecture Slide Presentation
by Patty Bostwick-Taylor,
Florence-Darlington Technical College
Copyright © 2009 Pe...
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Joints
 Articulations of bones
 Functions of j...
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Functional Classification of Joints
 Synarthros...
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Structural Classification of Joints
 Fibrous jo...
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Fibrous Joints
Figure 5.28a–b
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Cartilaginous Joints
Figure 5.28c–e
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Synovial Joints
 Articulating bones are separat...
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Synovial Joints
Figure 5.28f–h
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Features of Synovial Joints
 Articular cartilag...
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Structures Associated with the Synovial Joint
 ...
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
The Synovial Joint
Figure 5.29
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Types of Synovial Joints
Figure 5.30a–c
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Types of Synovial Joints
Figure 5.30d–f
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Inflammatory Conditions Associated with Joints
...
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Clinical Forms of Arthritis
 Osteoarthritis
 M...
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Clinical Forms of Arthritis
 Gouty arthritis
 ...
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Skeletal Changes Throughout Life
 Fetus
 Long ...
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Skeletal Changes Throughout Life
 Osteoporosis
...
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Skeletal Changes Throughout Life
Figure 5.34
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CVA A&P - Chapter 5d: Joints

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Copyright - Adapted from Glencoe - McGraw-Hill

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CVA A&P - Chapter 5d: Joints

  1. 1. PowerPoint® Lecture Slide Presentation by Patty Bostwick-Taylor, Florence-Darlington Technical College Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings PART F 5 The Skeletal System
  2. 2. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Joints  Articulations of bones  Functions of joints  Hold bones together  Allow for mobility  Ways joints are classified  Functionally  Structurally
  3. 3. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Functional Classification of Joints  Synarthroses  Immovable joints  Amphiarthroses  Slightly moveable joints  Diarthroses  Freely moveable joints
  4. 4. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Structural Classification of Joints  Fibrous joints  Generally immovable  Cartilaginous joints  Immovable or slightly moveable  Synovial joints  Freely moveable
  5. 5. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Fibrous Joints Figure 5.28a–b
  6. 6. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Cartilaginous Joints Figure 5.28c–e
  7. 7. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Synovial Joints  Articulating bones are separated by a joint cavity  Synovial fluid is found in the joint cavity
  8. 8. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Synovial Joints Figure 5.28f–h
  9. 9. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Features of Synovial Joints  Articular cartilage (hyaline cartilage) covers the ends of bones  A fibrous articular capsule encloses joint surfaces  A joint cavity is filled with synovial fluid  Ligaments reinforce the joint
  10. 10. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Structures Associated with the Synovial Joint  Bursae—flattened fibrous sacs  Lined with synovial membranes  Filled with synovial fluid  Not actually part of the joint
  11. 11. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings The Synovial Joint Figure 5.29
  12. 12. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Types of Synovial Joints Figure 5.30a–c
  13. 13. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Types of Synovial Joints Figure 5.30d–f
  14. 14. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Inflammatory Conditions Associated with Joints  Bursitis—inflammation of a bursa usually caused by a blow or friction  Tendonitis—inflammation of tendon sheaths  Arthritis—inflammatory or degenerative diseases of joints  Over 100 different types  The most widespread crippling disease in the United States
  15. 15. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Clinical Forms of Arthritis  Osteoarthritis  Most common chronic arthritis  Probably related to normal aging processes  Rheumatoid arthritis  An autoimmune disease—the immune system attacks the joints  Symptoms begin with bilateral inflammation of certain joints  Often leads to deformities
  16. 16. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Clinical Forms of Arthritis  Gouty arthritis  Inflammation of joints is caused by a deposition of uric acid crystals from the blood  Can usually be controlled with diet
  17. 17. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Skeletal Changes Throughout Life  Fetus  Long bones are formed of hyaline cartilage  Flat bones begin as fibrous membranes  Flat and long bone models are converted to bone  Birth  Fontanels remain until around age 2
  18. 18. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Skeletal Changes Throughout Life  Osteoporosis  Bone-thinning disease afflicting  50% of women over age 65  20% of men over age 70  Disease makes bones fragile and bones can easily fracture  Vertebral collapse results in kyphosis (also known as dowager’s hump)  Estrogen aids in health and normal density of a female skeleton
  19. 19. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Skeletal Changes Throughout Life Figure 5.34

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