Knowledge, Information Literacy & Lifelong Learning (KILL)


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This Lecture is intended to highlight the important relationship between Information Literacy and Lifelong Learning which will eventually lead to a Knowledge Society.
However, the KILL Acronym transmits the reality that acquiring different skills is an big endeavor.

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Knowledge, Information Literacy & Lifelong Learning (KILL)

  1. 1. Knowledge, Information Literacy & Lifelong Learning<br />KILL<br />
  2. 2. Libraries as Information Centres<br /><ul><li> Is this Possible?
  3. 3. Is this Feasible?
  4. 4. Why Now?
  5. 5. What’s Missing?
  6. 6. Is it Necessary? Can we do without?
  7. 7. Is it related to the Future?
  8. 8. What exactly has changed?</li></li></ul><li>Libraries as Information Centres<br /><ul><li> What kind of libraries:
  9. 9. School
  10. 10. Specialized
  11. 11. Academic
  12. 12. Public</li></li></ul><li>Knowledge Society…<br />Information Society…<br />Information Explosion…<br />Digital Divide…<br />Effected<br />Who/How<br />
  13. 13. Information Economy<br />“Organizations that do not understand the overwhelming importance of managing data and information as tangible assets in the new economy will not survive.”<br />(Peters, 2001 in Mosley & Brackett, 2010, p. 1; Webb, 2008, p. 28)<br />
  14. 14. Information Ages<br />Sumerians [cuneiform, alphabet, writing, libraries ~ Hobart & Schiffman, 1998; Casson, 2001]<br />Printing[information explosion, books, reformation, renaissance, knowledge ~ Hobart & Schiffman, 1998; Dewar, 1998]<br />Information Age [information superhighway ~ Hobart & Schiffman, 1998; Weggeman, 2007]<br />(Boelens, 2011)<br />
  15. 15. Information Ages<br />Library of Alexandria<br /><ul><li> 3 BC
  16. 16. 500,000 written works
  17. 17. accommodate 5000 students at any one time</li></ul>[known world at that time]<br />(Webb, 2008, pp. 20-21)<br />
  18. 18. Information: Data in Context<br />Context includes:<br /><ul><li> business meaning of data elements and related terms;
  19. 19. format in which the data is presented;
  20. 20. timeframe represented by the data; and
  21. 21. Relevance of data to a given usage.</li></ul>(Mosley & Brackett, 2010, p. 2)<br />
  22. 22. 21st Century Schools<br />“School libraries are no longer just for books. <br />Instead, they have become sophisticated 21st century learning environments<br />offering a <br />full range of print and electronic resources…<br />(School Libraries Work, 2008, p. 4)<br />
  23. 23. 21st Century Scenario<br />“…but only when they are staffed by qualified professionals trained to collaborate with teachers and engage students meaningfully with information that matters to them both in the classroom and in the real world”.<br />(School Libraries Work, 2008, p. 4)<br />
  24. 24. i2010…Lisbon Strategy<br />“The European Parliament strongly supports an information society<br />focusing on the citizen and the public interest”.<br />(Com. EC, 2006)<br />
  25. 25. i2010…Lisbon Strategy<br />“It is well-established that information and<br />communication technologies (ICT) are a key element for productivity growth and that their use contributes to the prosperity of modern economies. However, this finding has not been translated into appropriate action.”<br />Is ICT KEY<br />(Com. EC, 2006)<br />
  26. 26. i2010…Lisbon Strategy<br />“Recent figures show EU investment in ICT research still lagging behind our competitors. <br />The US has consistently invested almost twice as much as the EU in ICT since 2000.<br />(Com. EC, 2006)<br />Are we investing Right?<br />
  27. 27. i2010…Lisbon Strategy<br />“…investments in broadband subscriptions…<br />services…policies…”<br />(Com. EC, 2006)<br />Are we missing something<br />
  28. 28. Updating our Understanding<br />“The purpose of school libraries has always been to support instruction in the school; <br />this ignores the fact that school libraries were often established for other purposes unrelated to school instruction, as, for instance, meeting the recreational reading needs of the children, or the needs of adult members of the community” (Gates, 1968)<br />
  29. 29. Historical Background<br />Great Britain<br />“It is possible that little attention has been paid to the school library in historical studies because it has traditionally been seen as playing a dependent role in both education and librarianship.” (Clyde, 1981)<br />North America<br />“…school librarians became part of the teaching staff after justifying their programmes…These programmes resulted in Library Instruction in ‘70s & ‘80s to make students self-sufficient users of information…practitioners and scholars were interested in the concept of information handling…” <br />(Thomas, 2004)<br />Australia<br />“During the ‘30s – ’50s changes in the educational philosophies created the need for general reading and information resources.” (Johnson, 1986)<br />(Boelens, 2011)<br />
  30. 30. What’s Up?<br />“…there is no sign of this immense technological and social revolution slowing down.” (Abbott, 2000) <br />“…little time to develop skills such as thoughtful<br />concentration and reflection.” (Costa, 2001)<br />“Digital Natives” (Prensky, 2001)<br />“…today’s childhood is a toxic combination of TV, films, video games and the internet. (McDonnell, 2001)<br />(Boelens, 2011)<br />
  31. 31. What’s Up?<br />“…the need to help children to use media and the Internet safely and responsibly.” (Willard, 2007) <br />“Digital Natives” (Prensky, 2001)<br />“The informal learning environment of television, video games and the internet are producing learners with a new profile of cognitive skills.” (Greenfield, 2009)<br />(Boelens, 2011)<br />
  32. 32. Lifelong Learning<br /> “all learning activity undertaken throughout life,<br />with the aim of improving knowledge, skills and competence, within a personal, civic, social and/or <br />employment-related perspective” (Harvey, 2004)<br />(Boelens, 2011)<br />
  33. 33. Lifelong Learning<br />“…an expression indicating acquiring new knowledge considered a<br />continuous process…does not end when leaving school or university, but<br />continues uninterrupted even after retirement,<br />embracing all stages of life, all social groups …thanks, to a great extent of possibilities offered by e-learning <br />(elearningeuropa, 2009b)<br />(Boelens, 2011)<br />
  34. 34. Information & LLL<br />“…the sheer volume and abundance of information does not in itself create a more informed society.”<br />(Webb, 2008, p. 129<br />
  35. 35. cont…LLL<br />The Alexandria Proclamation on IL and LLL<br />Beacons of the Information Society:<br />“Information literacy and lifelong learning are the beacons of the <br />Information Society,<br />illuminating the courses to development, prosperity and freedom…”<br />(IFLA, 2005a)<br />(Boelens, 2011)<br />
  36. 36. cont…LLL<br />“IL lies at the core of LLL. <br />It empowers people in all walks of life to <br />seek, evaluate, use and create information effectively to achieve their personal, social, occupational and educational goals. <br />It is a basic human right in a digital world and promotes social inclusion of all nations…”<br />(Boelens, 2011)<br />
  37. 37. EC: Lifelong Learning<br />Key competencies for lifelong learning<br />in a knowledge-based society (EC, 2004)<br /><ul><li> communication in the mother tongue & foreign languages;
  38. 38. mathematical literacy;
  39. 39. competence in science and technology;
  40. 40. digital competencies;
  41. 41. learning to learn;
  42. 42. interpersonal, intercultural and social competencies;
  43. 43. civil competencies;
  44. 44. entrepreneurship;
  45. 45. cultural expression.</li></ul>(Boelens, 2011)<br />
  46. 46. Knowledge Society…<br />Sumerians [cuneiform, alphabet, writing, libraries ~ Hobart & Schiffman, 1998; Casson, 2001]<br />Printing[information explosion, books, reformation, renaissance, knowledge ~ Hobart & Schiffman, 1998; Dewar, 1998]<br />Information Age [information superhighway ~ Hobart & Schiffman, 1998; Weggeman, 2007]<br />Netherlands (1993), <br />“Secondary Educational reforms...<br />New educational concepts…learning instead of teaching…<br />encouraging students to take an active, independent<br />approach to learning were introduced…<br />teacher's role shifted to becoming a coach and facilitator” (Boekhorst and Veen, 1996a)<br />(Boelens, 2011)<br />
  47. 47. KS – KM - PSC<br />Knowledge Society<br />Knowledge Management<br />People as<br />Social Capital<br />(Johnson, 2004)<br />
  48. 48. Information Society<br />Competitive Advantage<br />Knowledge Management<br />Information Management<br />Information Literacy<br />(Webb, 2008, p. 133)<br />
  49. 49. Information Society<br />“…IL skills are an integral part of daily work activities for many employees.”<br />(Webb, 2008, p. 130)<br />
  50. 50. Society…What’s out There?<br />“Although most college faculty are aware of the problems that students encounter when conducting research using the Internet, fewer recognize why<br />their students lack success when using the electronic databases and indexes”<br />(Jenson, 2004)<br />
  51. 51. “From where do you get the details for Referencing your material?”<br />62<br />61<br />5<br />33<br />7<br />3<br />5<br />19<br />15<br />7<br />(Laferla, 2010)<br />
  52. 52. What do we need?<br />What’s missing?<br />
  53. 53. Challenges<br /><ul><li> Information Growth
  54. 54. Skills Gap exists
  55. 55. New Concept for Libraries
  56. 56. New Tech…New Skills…New Possibilities
  57. 57. Born Digital = Knowledgeable about Digital Issues?
  58. 58. How effective is “Experimentation Learning” by students?</li></li></ul><li>Thank you<br /><br />
  59. 59. References<br />Boelens, H. (2011). “The evolving role of the school library and information centre in education in<br /> digital Europe”, viewed online on 25 September, 2011, <>.<br />Commission of the European Communities, (2006). “Communication from the commission to the council, the European parliament, the European economic and social committee and the committee of the regions: i2010 – First annual report on the European information society”.<br />Gates, J. (1968). “Introduction to librarianship”, New York, McGraw Hill.<br />Jenson, J. D. (2004). “It’s the information age, so where’s the information?: Why our students can’t find It and what we can do to help”, College Teaching, Summer, vol, 52, no. 3, pp. 107-112.<br />Johnson, C. A. (2004). “Choosing people: The role of social capital in information seeking behaviour”, Information Research, 10 (1), viewed online on 10 January, 2011, <>.<br />Laferla, C. (2010). “Students and information literacy”, Unpublished Research.<br />Mosley, M. & Brackett, M. (Eds.). (2010). “The dama guide to the the data management body of knowledge”, Technics Pub., USA.<br />Webb, J. (2008). “Strategic information management: A practitioner’s guide”, Chandos Pub., Oxford, England.<br />(2008) . “SCHOOL LIBRARIES WORK: Academic Research Paper.”, Scholastic Library Publishing, viewed online on 10 October, 2009,<br /> <<br /> 06.pdf >, and <>.<br />