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21st century is about learning


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This is an additional lecture to the Information Literacy series of lectures. There is a weave between information, knowledge, skills and society in general, with the Internet and new technology …

This is an additional lecture to the Information Literacy series of lectures. There is a weave between information, knowledge, skills and society in general, with the Internet and new technology contributing to all the information existing on the Web. However, all this brings with it various questions raging from "What's New", and "How can we learn it." These two questions have ramifications on the two most discussed paradigm shifts, namely about (i) schooling (set curriculum) and (ii) lifelong learning. Will there ever be a reconciliation of both or will one eventually take over the other? If the latter takes, over, How would that be? What is the effect?

I hope that you will find this lecture interesting and stimulating for your studies.

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  • 1. The 21 Century... st is about LearningClaudio LaferlaAssistant visiting lecturerUniversity of MaltaFaculty of Media & Knowledge Sciences,Dept. Of Information Science
  • 2. The 21st about LearningIt is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent. It is the one that is the most adaptable to change. (Charles Darwin)
  • 3. The 21st about Learning“The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn.” (Alvin Toffler)
  • 4. The 21st about Learning TWO Main Questions: (1) What is NEW? (2) HOW do we learn?
  • 5. The 21st about Learning
  • 6. The 21st about Learning (Pingdom, 2012)
  • 7. The 21st about Learning Bytes (8 bits) Kb (1k bytes) Mb (1mln bytes) Gb (1000 mln bytes) Terabyte (1mln mln bytes) Petabyte (1 000 mln mln bytes) Exabyte (1 mln mln mln bytes) Zettabyte (1 000 mln mln mln bytes) Yottabyte (1 mln mln mln mln bytes) Xenottabyte (1 000 mln mln mln mln bytes) Shilentnobyte (1 mln mln mln mln mln bytes) Domegemegrottebyte (1 000 mln mln mln mln mln bytes) (Possibility Outpost 2011)
  • 8. The 21st about Learning Structure & organization systems (Rowley and Hartley 2008, pp. 14-16)
  • 9. The 21st about Learning “Managers in libraries and information centres have a significant role in creating and building intelligent organizations and communities...This includes managing the information according to an information life cycle.” Acquiring knowledge and information Ensuring that the desired outcomes are achievedMaking knowledge & information accessible (Bryson 2011, p. 120) Deciding what information is no longer required
  • 10. The 21st about Learning
  • 11. The 21st about Learning
  • 12. The 21st about Learning
  • 13. The 21st about Learning
  • 14. The 21st about Learning
  • 15. The 21st about Learning TWO Main Questions: (1) What is NEW?(2) HOW do we learn it?
  • 16. The 21st about Learning Bloom’s Taxonomy Revised old ...
  • 17. The 21st about LearningN ew Shift (Fadel, 2010. What should be learned)
  • 18. The 21st about Learning World Future Society:Top 10 Transitions over the next 20-30 yrs (Fadel, 2010. Global Education Lead )
  • 19. The 21st about Learning “Kids also must learn to thinkacross disciplines, since thats where most new breakthroughs are made Its interdisciplinary Combinations – design and technology, mathematics and art – that produce YouTube and Google...” (Thomas Friedman, The World Is Flat. In Wallis, 2006)
  • 20. The 21st about Learning“Its important that students know how to manage it, interpret it, validate it, and how to act on it...” (Karen Bruett, Dell Executive , ibid.)
  • 21. The 21st about Learning “...portable skills – critical thinking,making connections between ideas and knowing how to keep on learning...” (ibid.)
  • 22. The 21st about Learning“...information use...may involvethe construction of knowledge in response to an evolving need.” (Kari, 2010 in Case 2012, p. 89)
  • 23. The 21st about Learning (Hobbs 2010, p.16)
  • 24. The 21st about Learning “...information need...same as describing his/her current psychological state...” (Harter, 1992 in Case 2012, p. 89)
  • 25. The 21st about Learning “ use and media exposure...seem to explain the largest effects in most studies of knowledge gaps.” (speaking about the many barriers to knowledge acquisition) (Gaziano 1997 in Case 2012, p. 114)
  • 26. The 21st about Learning(speaking about the prototypical member of the information poor) (Childers and Post 1975 in Case 2012, p. 115)
  • 27. The 21st about Learning “Information anxiety is the black hole between data and knowledge” (Wurman 1989, p. 34 in Case 2012, p. 117)
  • 28. The 21st about Learning “...about 80%” of [students]associated their first experiences with academic libraries with anxiety.” (Mellon 1986, p. 162 in Case 2012, p. 118)
  • 29. The 21st about Learning“...confusion and anxiety among novice library users...” (Kuhlthau 1988 in Case 2012, p. 118)
  • 30. The 21st about Learning
  • 31. The 21st about LearningIs there is a connection between Mooer’s Law & findings about the way people learn best? (Fadel, 2010. Ipsos MORI for BECTA, 2007)
  • 32. The 21st about Learning The old The modernbureaucratic system enabling system (PISA 2010, What students know and can do)
  • 33. The 21st about Learning TWO Main Questions: (1) What is NEW? (2) HOW do we learn?
  • 34. The 21st about Learning (Pea and Wallis [n.d.] in Fostering Learning in the Networked World, 2008)
  • 35. The 21st about Learning“Knowledge about how peoplelearn is a critical component of cyberlearning.” (NSF 2008, p. 22, Report on cyberlearning)
  • 36. The 21st about LearningPotential Questions
  • 37. The 21st about LearningPotential Questions
  • 38. The 21st about Learning
  • 39. ReferencesBryson, J. (2011). Managing information services: A sustainable approach. England: Ashgate.Case, Donald, O. (2012). (Ed.), Looking for information: A survey of research on information seeking, needs,and behaviour. United Kingdom: Emerald.Fadel, C. (2010). What should be learned? Retrieved October 23, 2012 from: .Fadel, C. (2010). 21st century skills: How can you prepare students for the new global economy? Retrieved October2, 2012 from: Forehand, M. (2012). Bloom’s taxonomy. Retrieved from: .Hobbs, R. (2010). Digital and media literacy: A plan of action. The Aspen Institute. Retrieved from:, R. (2011). Data knowledge centre. Retrieved December 1, 2012 from: Science Foundation. (2008). Fostering learning in the networked world: The cyberlearning opportunityand challenge. Retrieved November 20, 2012 from: Internet Economy Outlook, (2012). Retrieved November 28, 2012 from:
  • 40. cont...ReferencesPingdom, (2012). Internet 2011 in numbers. Retrieved November 28, 2012 from:, J. And Hartely, R. (4th ed.) (2008). Organizing knowledge: An introduction to managing access toinformation. England: Ashgate.Wallis, C. (2006). How to bring our schools out of the 20 th Century. Retrieved November 26, 2012 from:,8816,1568480,00.html .