Power point (suffixes)

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  • 1. SUFFIXESThey help to determine theword class: noun, adjective, verb, adverb
  • 2. Noun Suffixes*ANCE / ENCE: performance - independence* MENT: development - replacement• ION: pollution - donation - complication• ISM / IST: socialism - journalism - terrorism socialist - journalist - terrorist• ITY: responsibility - flexibility - ability
  • 3. More Noun Suffixes• NESS: goodness - sadness - weakness - sweetness - happiness - readiness• SHIP: friendship - relationship - partnership• HOOD: childhood - motherhood -neighbourhood - boyhood• DOM: kingdom - stardom - freedom
  • 4. Adjective Suffixes• ABLE / IBLE: countable - responsible• AL / ICAL: social - usual - political - logical• OUS: delicious - famous - furious - serious• IVE: passive - intensive - intuitive - compulsive• FUL: wonderful - beautiful - useful - helpful• LESS: wireless - toothless - useless - helpless
  • 5. Verb Suffixes• ATE: communicate - complicate - motivate• IFY: qualify - modify - purify - terrify• ISE / IZE: modernize - commercialize• EN: soften - weaken - harden
  • 6. Adverb Suffix• LY:slowly - strongly - quickly - quietly - wonderfully - beautifully - practically - terribly - horribly - responsibly - easily - noisily - Exceptions: Adjective Adverb good well fast fast hard hard
  • 7. Special Cases• ER / OR: for the agent of the action (nouns)Ex: writer - worker - shopper - sender - operator - supervisor - projector - sailor• ER or OR: agent of the action (nouns)• EE: sufferer of the action (nouns)Ex: employer - employee / trainer - trainee tutor - tutee / sender - addressee
  • 8. The suffix EDED: past or past participle of a verbEx: to use - used / to analyze - analyzed /to compute - computed / to delete – deletedto connect - connected / to compile - compiledto design - designed / to install - installedto modify - modified / to quantify - quantified
  • 9. Note• The ED suffix before a NOUN will function as ADJECTIVE. In this case, it’s a participle form.Ex: * It’s a modified file. (It was modified last week) * They’re qualified teachers. (They were qualified in London) * This is a programmed machine. (It’s programmed to turn off at nine p.m)
  • 10. The suffix INGThe ING may form: nouns, verbs, adjectivesEx: * Programming is part of my job description. * He’s programming at the moment. * It’s a computer programming course for teenagers. * With so many comings and goings I can’t concentrate. * Are you coming for the party? * The coming semester will be quite hard.