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  • 1. Grammar Book
    Alejandro Bentle
  • 2. Table of Contents
    Ser
    Estar
    Verbs like Gustar
    Hacer Expressions
    Preterito
    Trigger words
    Car, Gar, Zar
    Spock Verbs
    Cucuracha Verbs
    DOP
    Affirmative Commands
    Irregular Commands
    IOP
    Snakes
    Snakeys
    Se Impersonal
  • 3. SER!
    Description-¿Quees? (Ex: Un papel, un libro)
    Origin-¿De Donde Es? (Ex: Nicaragua)
    Characteristics-¿Como Es? (Ex: Alto)
    Time- ¿QueHora Es? (Ex: Son las dos)
    Occupation- ¿QueHace (Ex: Es Doctor)
    Relationships- ¿Quien Es? (Ex: Es mi mama)
    Possession- ¿De Quien Es?
    Events- ¿Cuando/Donde Es? (Ex: La Clase)
    Dates- ¿QueDiaes Hoy? (Ex: Lunes)
  • 4. ESTAR!
    Health- ¿Como Estas? (Ex: Bien)
    Emotions- ¿Como Estas? (Ex: Triste)
    Location- ¿DondeEstas? (Ex:La Casa)
    Present condition- ¿Como Esta? (Ex: Nublado)
    “ING”- ar: ando/ er-ir: endo
  • 5. VERBS LIKE GUSTAR
    Gustar: To like
    Verbs Like “gustar” operate and are used in the same ways as “gustar”.
    Examples:
    Encantar- To love
    Fascinar- To Fascinate
    Molestar- To bother
    Doler- To Hurt
    Faltar- To miss
    Importar- To matter
    Disgustar- To dislike
    Examples:
    -Me gustancarros
    -Les gustanzanahorias
  • 12. HACER EXPRESSIONS
    Use hacer expressions to express time using hace and a conjugated verb
    Present Tense: Since/For
    Past Tense: Ago
    Example:
    • Hacecincodiasquecomounahamburguesa
  • PRETERITO
    A definite time in the past with a beginning and/or Ending
    Trigger words for preterite:
    Estoes el preterito!
  • 16. PRETERITO (continued)
    YO

    Él, ella, Ud
    Nosotros
    Ellos, Ustedes
  • 17. TRIGGER WORDS
  • 18. CAR, GAR, ZAR
    In order to preserve the sound of the infinitive, a number of verbs change spelling in the preterite tense. The following changes occur in the "yo" form only
  • 19. SPOCK VERBS
    Dar
    Di
    Diste
    Dio
    Dimos
    Dieron
    Ver
    Vi
    Viste
    Vio
    Vimos
    Vieron
    Ir/Ser
    Fui
    Fuiste
    Fue
    Fuimos
    Fueron
    Hacer
    Hice
    Hiceste
    Hizo
    Hiceimos
    Hicieron
    Ser
    Dar
    Ir
    Ver
    Hacer
    • The “Spock” verbs are irregular verb forms of the preterite. They have different conjugations.
  • CUCARACHA VERBS
    Andar- aduv
    Estar- estuv
    Poder- pud
    Poner- pus
    Querer- quis
    Saber- sup
    Tener- tuv
    Venir- vin
    Conducir- conduj
    Producir- produj
    Traducir- traduj
    Decir- dij
    Traer- traj
  • DOPs
    DOPs receives the direct action of the verb.
    Lo
    La
    Los
    Las
    I ate a steak
    Comí un bistec.
    She ate the steak
    Ella comió lo bistec.
  • 25. AFFIRMATIVE COMMANDS
    Formal:
    Affirmative:
    • Ud./Uds.- put in the ‘yo’ form and change the opposite
    Examples:
    Bebela
    Negative:
    Same
    Informal:
    Affirmative
    Tu- simply drop the ‘s’
    DOP and IOP can attach to the affirmative command
    Negative:
    Tu- Put it in ‘yo’ form and change opposite vowel, add an ‘s’
  • 26. IRREGULAR COMMANDS
    Affirmative
    Negative
  • 27. IOPs
    Answers the question:
    To Whom
    For Whom
    Has no feminine factors
    Examples:
    I gaveitto her -----›Se lo di
    Give it to him -----› déselo
  • 28. SNAKES
    Snakes stem change in 3rd person
  • 29. SNAKEYS
    Snakeys are verbs like leer, creer, and oir.
    Change the I to the y in the 3rd person
  • 30. SE IMPERSONAL
    Use se to avoid specifying a person who is doing the action of the verb.
    Sevendefruta en la frutería.
    When using se, the verb is always in the 3rd person.
    Aquísehablaespañol.
    Se can be used in all tenses.
    Sehizo mucho.
    Sehará mucho.
    Sehabíahecho.