2012 LEAF OWNER'S MANUAL
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2012 LEAF OWNER'S MANUAL

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Classic Cars Nissan offers you excellent sales and service on new or used Nissan vehicles. Stop in and test drive a Nissan 2012 LEAF or any car or truck today! We're located Hainesport New Jersey ...

Classic Cars Nissan offers you excellent sales and service on new or used Nissan vehicles. Stop in and test drive a Nissan 2012 LEAF or any car or truck today! We're located Hainesport New Jersey between Cherry Hill and Mount Holly. Only 20 minutes from Philadelphia. Classic Cars Nissan 1513 Route 38 Hainesport, NJ 08036 866-CLASSIC or 866-252-7742

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2012 LEAF OWNER'S MANUAL Presentation Transcript

  • 1. FOREWORDWelcome to the growing family of new NISSAN cerning the particular accessories with which could distract you.owners. This vehicle is delivered to you with your vehicle is equipped. . ALWAYS use your seat belts andconfidence. It was produced using the latest Your NISSAN certified LEAF dealer knows your appropriate child restraint systems.techniques and strict quality control. vehicle best. When you require any service or Pre-teen children should be seatedThis manual was prepared to help you under- have any questions, we will be glad to assist you in the rear seat.stand the operation and maintenance of your with the extensive resources available to us. . ALWAYS provide information aboutvehicle so that you may enjoy many miles of READ FIRST — THEN DRIVE SAFELY the proper use of vehicle safetydriving pleasure. Please read through this Before driving your vehicle, read your Owner’s features to all occupants of themanual before operating your vehicle. Manual carefully. This will ensure familiarity with vehicle.A separate Warranty Information Bookletexplains details about the warranties cov- controls and maintenance requirements, assist- . ALWAYS review this Owner’s Man- ing you in the safe operation of your vehicle. ual for important safety information.ering your vehicle. The NISSAN Serviceand Maintenance Guide explains detailsabout maintaining and servicing your ve- WARNING MODIFICATION OF YOUR VEHICLEhicle. Additionally, a separate Customer IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION This vehicle should not be modified. Mod-Care/Lemon Law Booklet (U.S. only) will REMINDERS FOR SAFETY! ification could affect its performance,explain how to resolve any concerns you safety or durability, and may even violatemay have with your vehicle, as well as Follow these important driving rules to governmental regulations. In addition, da-clarify your rights under your state’s lemon help ensure a safe and comfortable trip mage or performance problems resultinglaw. for you and your passengers! from modification may not be coveredIn additional factory installed options, your . NEVER drive under the influence of under NISSAN warranties.vehicle may also be equipped with additional alcohol or drugs.accessories installed by NISSAN or by your WHEN READING THE MANUAL . ALWAYS observe posted speed lim-NISSAN certified LEAF dealer prior to delivery. It This manual includes information for all its and never drive too fast foris important that you familiarize yourself with all options available on this model. Therefore, conditions.disclosures, warnings, cautions, and instructions you may find some information that doesconcerning proper use of such accessories prior . ALWAYS give your full attention to not apply to your vehicle.to operating the vehicle and/or accessory. See a driving and avoid using vehicleNISSAN certified LEAF dealer for details con- features or taking other actions that
  • 2. All information, specifications and illustrations in Arrows in an illustration that are similar to thosethis manual are those in effect at the time of above call attention to an item in the illustration.printing. NISSAN reserves the right to change [ ]:specifications or design at any time without Indicates a key/item displayed on the screen.notice.IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65THIS MANUAL WARNINGYou will see various symbols in this manual. Theyare used in the following ways: WARNING Certain vehicle components contain or WARNING emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth This is used to indicate the presence of defects or other reproductive harm. In a hazard that could cause death or If you see the symbol above, it means “Do not addition, certain fluids contained in serious personal injury. To avoid or do this” or “Do not let this happen”. vehicles and certain products of com- reduce the risk, the procedures must ponent wear contain or emit chemicals be followed precisely. known to the State of California to If you see a symbol similar to those above in an cause cancer and birth defects or other illustration, it means the arrow points to the front reproductive harm. CAUTION of the vehicle. This is used to indicate the presence of a hazard that could cause minor or moderate personal injury or damage to Arrows in an illustration that are similar to those your vehicle. To avoid or reduce the risk, above indicate movement or action. the procedures must be followed care- fully.
  • 3. CALIFORNIA PERCHLORATE ADVI-SORYSome vehicle parts, such as lithium bat-teries, may contain perchlorate material.The following advisory is provided: “Per-chlorate Material - special handling mayapply, see www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate.” Bluetooth® is a trademark owned by Bluetooth SIG, Inc.* 2011 NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.CAll rights reserved. No part of this Owner’sManual may be reproduced or stored in aretrieval system, or transmitted in any form, orby any means, electronic, mechanical, photo-copying, recording or otherwise, without theprior written permission of Nissan Motor Co.,Ltd.
  • 4. NISSAN CUSTOMER CARE PROGRAMNISSAN CARES ...Both NISSAN and your NISSAN certified LEAF dealer are dedicated to serving all your automotive needs. Your satisfaction with your vehicle and yourNISSAN certified LEAF dealer are our primary concerns. Your NISSAN certified LEAF dealer is always available to assist you with all your automobile salesand service needs.However, if there is something that your The Consumer Affairs Department will ask for You can write to NISSAN with the information at:NISSAN certified LEAF dealer cannot assist the following information: For U.S. customersyou with or you would like to provide NISSAN . Your name, address, and telephone number Nissan North America, Inc.directly with comments or questions, please Consumer Affairs Departmentcontact the NISSAN Consumer Affairs Depart- . Vehicle identification number (attached to P.O. Box 685003ment using our toll-free number: the top of the instrument panel on the Franklin, TN 37068-5003 For U.S. customers driver’s side) or via e-mail at: 1-877-NOGASEV . Date of purchase nnaconsumeraffairs@nissan-usa. (1-877-664-2738) . Current odometer reading com For Canadian customers For Canadian customers 1-800-387-0122 . Your NISSAN certified LEAF dealer’s name Nissan Canada Inc. . Your comments or questions 5290 Orbitor Drive OR Mississauga, Ontario L4W 4Z5 or via e-mail at: information.centre@nissancanada. com If you prefer, visit us at: www.nissanusa.com (for U.S. customer) or www.nissan.ca (for Canadian customers) We appreciate your interest in NISSAN and thank you for buying a quality NISSAN vehicle.
  • 5. Table of Illustrated table of contents 0Contents EV Overview EV Charging CH Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1 Instruments and controls 2 Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3 Ventilators and climate control systems 4 Starting and driving 5 In case of emergency 6 Appearance and care 7 Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8 Technical and consumer information 9 Index 10
  • 6. 0 Illustrated table of contentsSeats, seat belts and Supplemental Restraint Cockpit ....................................................................................... 0-6System (SRS) ........................................................................... 0-2 Instrument panel ...................................................................... 0-7Exterior front .............................................................................. 0-3 Meters and gauges ................................................................. 0-8Exterior rear ............................................................................... 0-4 Motor compartment ................................................................ 0-9Passenger compartment ........................................................ 0-5 Warning and indicator lights ............................................. 0-10
  • 7. SEATS, SEAT BELTS ANDSUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINTSYSTEM (SRS) 10. Rear seats (P.1-4) 11. Front seat-mounted side-impact supplemental air bags (P.1-36) 12. Occupant classification sensors (weight sensors) — Advanced Air Bag System (P.1-42) 13. Front passenger air bag status light (P.1-42)1. Rear headrests (Page.1-4) 5. Front head restraints (P.1-4)2. Child restraint anchor points (for top tether strap 6. Seat belt pretensioners (P.1-49) child restraint) (P.1-32) 7. Front seats (P.1-3)3. Roof-mounted curtain side-impact supplemental 8. Supplemental front-impact air bags (P.1-36) air bags (P.1-36) 9. LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHildren)4. Seat belts (P.1-10) system (P.1-21)0-2 Illustrated table of contents
  • 8. EXTERIOR FRONT 9. Fog lights* — Switch operation (P.2-44) — Bulb replacement (P.8-22) 10. Tires — Wheels and tires (P.8-25, P.9-5) — Flat tire (P.6-2) — Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) (P.2-16, P.5-2) 11. Side turn signal light — Switch operation (P.2-44) — Bulb replacement (P.8-22) 12. Doors — Keys (P.3-2) — Door locks (P.3-4) — Intelligent Key system (P.3-6) — Security system (P.2-35) 13. Child safety rear door lock (P.3-6) *: if so equipped1. Charge port lid (P.3-17) — Blade replacement (P.8-12)2. Hood (P.3-16) — Window washer fluid (P.8-10)3. Headlight and turn signal lights 5. Outside mirrors (P.3-21) — Switch operation (P.2-41) 6. Power windows (P.2-53) — Bulb replacement (P.8-21) 7. License plate installation (P.9-9)4. Windshield wiper and washer 8. Recovery hook (P.6-15) — Switch operation (P.2-38) Illustrated table of contents 0-3
  • 9. EXTERIOR REAR 8. Rear hatch (P.3-17) — Intelligent Key system (P.3-6) *: if so equipped1. Rear view camera* (See LEAF Navigation System 4. Rear window defroster (P.2-40) Owner’s Manual.) 5. Solar cell module* (P.EV-29)2. Rear window wiper and washer 6. Antenna — Switch operation (P.2-39) — Satellite radio antenna (See LEAF Navigation — Window washer fluid (P.8-10) System Owner’s Manual.)3. High-mounted stop light 7. Rear combination lights — Bulb replacement (P.8-22) — Bulb replacement (P.8-22)0-4 Illustrated table of contents
  • 10. PASSENGER COMPARTMENT — EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) (P. CH-11) 7. Tools (P.6-13) 8. Heated seat switch (P.2-46) 9. Console box (P.2-49) 10. Door armrest — Power window switch (P.2-53) — Power door lock switch (P.3-5) — Outside mirror remote control switch (P.3-21) 11. Front cup holders (P.2-49) *: if so equipped1. Ceiling light (P.2-57) 4. Sunglasses holder (P.2-50)2. Sun visors (P.3-20) 5. Inside rearview mirror (P.3-20)3. Map lights (P.2-56) — HomeLink®* (P.2-58) — Bluetooth® Hands-Free Phone System micro- 6. Cargo area phone (See LEAF Navigation System Owner’s — Cargo cover* (P.2-51) Manual.) — Parking brake mechanical release (P.6-16) Illustrated table of contents 0-5
  • 11. COCKPIT — Horn (P.2-46) — Driver’s supplemental air bag (P.1-36) 7. Wiper and washer switch (P.2-38) 8. Steering-wheel-mounted controls (right side) — Cruise control switches (P.5-17) 9. Fuse box cover (P.8-16) 10. Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) OFF switch (P.2-48) 11. Headlight aiming control (P.2-44) 12. Immediate charge switch (P.CH-24) 13. Heated steering wheel switch (P.2-45) 14. Tilting steering wheel lever (P.3-19) 15. Heated seat switch (P.2-46) 16. Selector lever (P.5-12) 17. Electric parking brake (P.5-15) *: if so equipped1. TRIP switch for twin trip odometer (P.2-6) 5. Steering-wheel-mounted controls (left side) (See2. Trip computer switch (P.2-27) LEAF Navigation System Owner’s Manual.)3. Instrument brightness control switch (P.2-41) — Driving range button4. Headlight, fog light* and turn signal switch — Audio control — Headlight (P.2-41) — Bluetooth® Hands-Free Phone System control — Turn signal light (P.2-44) 6. Steering wheel — Fog light* (P.2-44) — Electric power steering system (P.5-21)0-6 Illustrated table of contents
  • 12. INSTRUMENT PANEL 9. Power switch (P.5-7) 10. iPod® connector/USB connector (See LEAF Navigation System Owner’s Manual.) 11. Rear window defroster switch (P.2-40) 12. Power outlet (P.2-48) 13. Auxiliary input jack (See LEAF Navigation System Owner’s Manual.) 14. Front passenger air bag status light (P.1-44)/ Approaching Vehicle Sound for Pedestrians (VSP) system warning light (P.2-14) 15. Heater and air conditioner control (P.4-3) 16. Glove box (P.2-51)1. Side ventilator (P.4-2) — Audio system2. Meters and gauges (P.2-5) 4. Hazard warning flasher switch (P.2-45)3. Center multi-function control panel (See LEAF 5. Center ventilator (P.4-2) Navigation System Owner’s Manual.) 6. Front passenger supplemental air bag (P.1-36) — Navigation system 7. Charge port lid opener handle (P.3-17) — Vehicle information and setting buttons 8. Hood release handle (P.3-16) — Bluetooth® Hands-Free Phone System Illustrated table of contents 0-7
  • 13. METERS AND GAUGES 10. READY to drive indicator light (P.2-20) 11. Dot matrix liquid crystal display (P.2-22) — Odometer/twin trip odometer (P.2-6) — Trip computer (P.2-27) — Shift position indicator (P.2-27) — Indicator for timer (P.2-34) 12. Driving range (P.2-8) 13. Li-ion battery available charge gauge (P.2-9) 14. Li-ion battery capacity level gauge (P.2-10) Upper display and lower displayThis vehicle is equipped with an upper display 4. Clock (P.2-11)and a lower display. 5. Outside air temperature (P.2-10)1. Master warning light (P.2-18) 6. Turn signal/Hazard indicator light (P.2-20)2. ECO indicator (P.2-10) 7. Li-ion battery temperature gauge (P.2-7)3. Speedometer (P.2-6) 8. Warning/indicator lights (P.2-12) 9. Power meter (P.2-7)0-8 Illustrated table of contents
  • 14. MOTOR COMPARTMENT1. Coolant tank cap (P.8-7) 7. Coolant reservoir (P.8-7)2. Window washer fluid reservoir (P.8-10) 8. 12-volt battery (P.8-11)3. Brake fluid reservoir (P.8-9) — Jump starting (P.6-9)4. Traction motor inverter (P.EV-7) 9. Fuse/fusible link holder (P.8-16)5. Traction motor and reduction gear (P.8-9)6. Charge port lid (P.3-17) Illustrated table of contents 0-9
  • 15. WARNING AND INDICATOR LIGHTS Warning Indicator Warning Name Page Name Page Name Page light light light 12-volt battery charge 2-13 Master warning light (red/ Electric parking brake in- warning light 2-18 2-19 yellow) dicator light Anti-lock Braking System 2-14 (ABS) warning light Seat belt warning light 2-18 Exterior light indicator 2-19 Supplemental air bag Front fog light indicator Approaching Vehicle 2-18 2-19 warning light light (if so equipped) Sound for Pedestrians 2-14 (VSP) system warning light Vehicle Dynamic Control 2-19 Front passenger air bag 2-19 (VDC) warning light status light BRAKE system warning 2-14 light (yellow) High beam indicator light 2-19 BRAKE warning light (red) 2-15 Plug in indicator light 2-19 Power limitation indicator 2-19 light Electric power steering 2-15 READY to drive indicator warning light 2-20 light Electric shift control sys- 2-16 tem warning light Security indicator light 2-20 EV system warning light 2-16 Turn signal/hazard indica- 2-20 tor lights Headlight warning light 2-16 Vehicle Dynamic Control 2-21 (VDC) off indicator light Low battery charge warn- 2-16 ing light Low tire pressure warning 2-16 light0-10 Illustrated table of contents
  • 16. EV OverviewThe EV (Electric Vehicle) system ...................................... EV-2 At home after driving ................................................. EV-21Li-ion battery .......................................................................... EV-2 Efficient use of your vehicle ............................................ EV-22 Driving with a discharged Li-ion battery ................... EV-3 Range ............................................................................ EV-22 Charging the 12-volt battery ........................................ EV-5 Improve driving range ............................................... EV-22 Li-ion battery heater ....................................................... EV-5 Li-ion battery life ......................................................... EV-23High voltage precautions .................................................... EV-7 Li-ion battery maintenance ...................................... EV-24 High-voltage components ............................................. EV-7 EV unique information ...................................................... EV-24Road accident precautions ................................................ EV-8 Meters and indicators ............................................... EV-24 Emergency shut-off system .......................................... EV-9 Approaching Vehicle Sound for PedestriansEV (Electric Vehicle) characteristics ................................ EV-9 (VSP) system .............................................................. EV-27 Noise and vibration ...................................................... EV-10 Electric shift control system .................................... EV-28Life with an EV (scene guide) ........................................ EV-10 Electric parking brake ............................................... EV-28 Charging the Li-ion battery ........................................ EV-10 LED headlight (low beam) ....................................... EV-29 Before driving your vehicle ........................................ EV-13 Solar cell module (if so equipped) ........................ EV-29 Starting your vehicle .................................................... EV-16 Driving range button ................................................ EV-29 Driving the vehicle ........................................................ EV-17
  • 17. THE EV (Electric Vehicle) SYSTEM LI-ION BATTERYThe LEAF is an electric vehicle. Some of the The Li-ion battery provides power to the electricvehicle’s systems operate differently and have motor (traction motor) that moves the vehicle. WARNINGdifferent operating characteristics than vehicles The Li-ion battery also charges the 12-voltequipped with an internal combustion engine. It battery. Your vehicle contains a sealed Li-ionis important to carefully review the entire Own- high voltage battery. If the Li-ion bat- The vehicle must be plugged in for the Li-ion tery is disposed of improperly, there is aer’s Manual for this reason. The main difference battery to be charged. Additionally, the vehicleis the LEAF is powered by electricity. The LEAF risk of severe burns and electrical system can extend the vehicle range by con- shock that may result in serious injurydoes not require and it is not capable of using verting driving force into electricity that is storedgasoline like a vehicle powered by a traditional or death and there is also a risk of in the Li-ion battery while the vehicle is environmental damage.internal combustion engine. The LEAF uses decelerating or being driven downhill. This iselectricity stored in the lithium ion (Li-ion) called regenerative brake. This vehicle is con-battery. The vehicle Li-ion battery must be sidered to be an environmentally friendly vehiclecharged with electricity before the vehicle can because it does not emit exhaust gases, such as CAUTIONbe driven. As the vehicle operates, the Li-ion carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide.battery gradually discharges. If the Li-ion battery To prevent damage to the Li-ion battery:becomes completely discharged, the vehicle will . Do not expose a vehicle to ambientnot operate until it is re-charged. The charging temperatures above 1208F (498C) forprocess usually takes from approximately 30 over 24 hours.minutes to 21 hours as described more fully inthis manual. . Do not store a vehicle in tempera-This vehicle uses two types of batteries. One is tures below −138F (−258C) for overthe 12-volt battery that is the same as the seven days.battery in vehicles powered by gasoline engines, . Do not leave your vehicle for over 14the other is the Li-ion battery (high voltage). days where the Li-ion battery avail-The 12-volt battery provides power to the able charge gauge reaches a zero orvehicle systems and features such as the audio near zero (state of charge).system, supplemental restraint systems, head- . Do not use the Li-ion battery for anylights and windshield wipers. other purpose.EV-2 EV Overview
  • 18. cement.NOTE:. If the outside temperature is −138F . The Li-ion battery has a limited service (−258C) or less, the Li-ion battery may life. Contact a NISSAN certified LEAF freeze and it cannot be charged or dealer for information about recycling provide power to run the vehicle. Move or disposal of the Li-ion battery. Do not the vehicle to a warm location. attempt to recycle or dispose of the Li- ion battery yourself.. The capacity of the Li-ion battery in your vehicle to hold a charge will, like DRIVING WITH A DISCHARGED LI- all such batteries, decrease with time ION BATTERY and usage. As the battery ages and When a destination is set in the navigation capacity decreases, this will result in a system that exceeds the available vehicle range, decrease from the vehicle’s initial mile- the navigation system automatically searches age range. This is normal, expected, the location of nearby charging stations. When and not indicative of any defect in your the nearby charging station locations are dis- Li-ion battery. NISSAN estimates that played, charge the Li-ion battery as soon as battery capacity will be approximately possible. 80% of original capacity after five years, although this is only an estimate, Warning lights illuminate on the instrument panel and this percentage may vary (and and messages are displayed on the dot matrix could be significantly lower) depending liquid crystal display to inform you that the Li-ion on individual vehicle and Li-ion battery battery charge is low. Instructions are also usage. displayed on the navigation system screen to direct you to nearby charging stations. There are three levels of information that will be. The Li-ion battery has limited service displayed as the Li-ion battery becomes dis- life, and when its charging capacity The vehicle’s range is very limited when these charged: falls below a specific level, the EV warning lights illuminate and messages are displayed. Follow the instructions on the naviga- 1. The following warning lights illuminate on system warning light will illuminate. tion screen and immediately charge the vehicle the instrument panel and messages are Owners should bring their vehicle in for at the nearest charging station. displayed on the dot matrix liquid crystal inspection and possible battery repla- system screen display at the same time to EV Overview EV-3
  • 19. indicate low Li-ion battery charge: . The low battery charge warning light . The master warning light . “Li-ion battery level is Low” warning message is displayed on the dot matrix liquid crystal display See “16. Li-ion battery low charge warning ” in the “2. Instruments and controls” section. . Messages are displayed on navigation system screen See “Low battery warning” in the “2. Instruments and controls” section. . The driving range flashes *. 1 2. If the vehicle is driven and the Li-ion battery NOTE: continues to discharge, the driving range on Due to traffic conditions, it may be the instrument panel changes to “---” *. 2 difficult to get to the charging station 3. When the power limitation indicator light suggested by the navigation system. If illuminates, traction motor output is the Li-ion battery is almost completely limited resulting in reduced vehicle speed. discharged, drive directly to the nearest Stop the vehicle in a safe location before the charging station. Li-ion battery becomes completely dis- charged and there is no power available to drive the vehicle. Contact Roadside assis- tance service shown in your NISSAN Warranty Information Booklet. See “If the Li-ion battery becomes completely dis- charged” in the “6. In case of emergency” section.EV-4 EV Overview
  • 20. CHARGING THE 12-VOLT BATTERY LI-ION BATTERY HEATER vehicle.The 12-volt battery is charged automatically NOTE:using electricity stored in the Li-ion battery. CAUTION . Connect the charger to the vehicle andWhen the 12-volt battery is being charged, the place the power switch in the OFF The Li-ion battery heater does not position when parking the vehicle ifcharge status indicator light on the instrument operate if the available Li-ion battery temperatures may go below -48Fpanel flashes. (except when charging the Li-ion charge is less than approximately 30% (-208C). This provides external powerbattery or the power switch is in the READY to and the charger is not connected to the to the Li-ion battery heater when itdrive position.) See “Charging status indicator vehicle. To help prevent the Li-ion operates and does not discharge thelights” in the “CH. Charging” section. battery from freezing, do not leave the Li-ion battery.While vehicle is in use vehicle in an environment if tempera- tures may go below -48F (-208C) unless . The charging status indicator lightsThe Li-ion battery charges the 12-volt battery as illuminate in a specific pattern when the vehicle is connected to a charger.necessary when the power switch is in the the Li-ion battery heater operates. TheREADY to drive position or ON position. charging status indicator lights use theThe 12-volt battery is not charged in the The Li-ion battery heater helps to prevent the Li- same pattern to indicate 12-volt batteryfollowing conditions. ion battery from freezing and helps to prevent charging, Climate Ctrl. Timer operation significant reductions in the Li-ion battery output or Remote Climate Control operation.. When the power switch is in ACC position. when the temperature is cold. The Li-ion battery The charging status indicator lights do. When the power switch is in ON position heater automatically turns on when the Li-ion not change if the Li-ion battery heater and shift position is in the N (Neutal) battery temperature is approximately -48F operates at the same time as the above position. (-208C) or colder. The Li-ion battery heater features. See “Charging status indica- automatically turns off when the Li-ion battery tor lights” in the “CH. Charging” sec-While the vehicle is not in use temperture is approximately 148F (-108C) or tion.When the EV (Electric Vehicle) system is off for higher.an extended time, the 12-volt battery may be . The Li-ion battery heater uses Li-ion The Li-ion battery heater uses electrical powerautomatically charged for a short period of time battery power to operate, even if the from an external source when a charger ison a regular basis. vehicle is connected to a charger when: connected to the vehicle. The Li-ion battery heater uses electrical power from the Li-ion battery when the charger is not connected to the EV Overview EV-5
  • 21. — the vehicle’s power switch is in the . The Li-ion battery may not charge to ON position. the expected level using the charging — there is no electrical power being timer when a [Start Time] and [End supplied to the charging equip- Time] are set while the Li-ion battery ment. heater operates.. When the Li-ion battery heater is . Set only the charging timer [End Time] already in operation using an external when charging in cold weather. The power source, it will continue to use vehicle automatically determines when the external power even if the power to start charging to fully charge the Li- switch is placed in the ON position. ion battery, even if the Li-ion battery heater operates. Charging ends before. Vehicle driving range is reduced if the the set end time if the Li-ion battery is Li-ion battery heater operates (Li-ion fully charged. battery temperature approximately -48F (-208C) or colder) while driving the vehicle. You may need to charge the Li-ion battery sooner than in warmer temperatures.. The Li-ion battery requires more time to charge when the Li-ion battery heater operates.. The predicted charging time displayed on the meter and navigation system increases when the Li-ion battery hea- ter operates.. Climate control performance is re- duced when using the Climate Ctrl. Timer or Remote Climate Control while the Li-ion battery heater operates.EV-6 EV Overview
  • 22. HIGH VOLTAGE PRECAUTIONSHIGH-VOLTAGE COMPONENTS WARNING. The EV (Electric Vehicle) system uses high voltage up to approxi- mately DC 400 volt. The system can be hot during and after starting and when the vehicle is shut off. Be careful of both the high voltage and the high temperature. Follow the warning labels that are attached to the vehicle.. Never disassemble, remove or re- place high-voltage parts and cables as well as their connectors because they can cause severe burns or electric shock that may result in serious injury or death. High-voltage cables are colored orange. The vehicle high voltage system has no user serviceable parts. Take your High-voltage components vehicle to a NISSAN certified LEAF 1. Traction motor inverter 4. Li-ion battery dealer for any necessary mainte- 2. Traction motor and reduction gear 5. Service plug nance. 3. High-voltage wire harnesses (colored or- 6. On-board charger ange) EV Overview EV-7
  • 23. ROAD ACCIDENT PRECAUTIONS . Leaks or damage to the Li-ion a fire. WARNING battery may result in a fire. If you . If you are not able to safely assess discover them, contact emergency the vehicle due to vehicle damage, In case of a collision: services immediately. Since the do not touch the vehicle. Leave the . If your vehicle is drivable, pull your fluid leak may be lithium manga- vehicle and contact emergency ser- vehicle off the road, push the P nate from the Li-ion battery, never vices. Advise 1st responders that (Park) position switch on the selec- touch the fluid leak inside or out- this is an electric vehicle. tor lever, apply the parking brake side the vehicle. If the fluid contacts your skin or eyes, wash it off . In the event of an accident that and turn the EV (Electric Vehicle) immediately with a large amount of requires body repair and painting, system off. water and receive immediate medi- the vehicle should be delivered to a . Check your vehicle to see if there NISSAN certified LEAF dealer to cal attention to help avoid serious are exposed high-voltage parts or have the Li-ion battery pack and injury. cables. For their locations, see high voltage parts such as the “High-voltage components” earlier . If a fire occurs in the EV (Electric inverter, including the wiring har- in this section. To avoid personal Vehicle), leave the vehicle as soon ness, removed prior to painting. Li- injury, never touch high-voltage wir- as possible. Only use a type ABC, ion battery packs exposed to heat in ing, connectors, and other high- BC or C fire extinguisher that is the paint booth will experience voltage parts, such as inverter unit meant for use on electrical fires. capacity loss. Damaged Li-ion bat- and Li-ion battery. An electric shock Using a small amount of water or tery packs may also pose safety may occur if exposed electric wires the incorrect fire extinguisher can risks to untrained mechanics and are visible when viewed from inside result in serious injury or death from repair personnel. or outside of your vehicle. There- electrical shock. fore, never touch exposed electric . If your vehicle needs to be towed, wires. do it with the front wheels raised. If . If the vehicle receives a strong the front wheels are on the ground impact to the floor while driving, when towing, the traction motor stop the vehicle in a safe location may generate electricity. This may and check the floor. damage the components of the EV (Electric Vehicle) system and causeEV-8 EV Overview
  • 24. EV (Electric Vehicle) CHARACTERISTICSEMERGENCY SHUT-OFF SYSTEM injury or death.The emergency shut-off system is activated and WARNINGthe high-voltage system automatically turns off in . Pay special attention to pedes- NOTE:the following conditions: trians. Because there is no engine . The vehicle cannot run with a dis-- Front and side collisions in which the air bags noise, pedestrians may not know charged Li-ion battery. Repeated accel-are deployed. the vehicle is approaching, moving eration consumes more power from the- Certain rear collisions. or about to move, and may step into Li-ion battery than driving at a steady- Certain EV (Electric Vehicle) system malfunc- the path of vehicle travel. speed.tions . When leaving the vehicle, be sure to . This vehicle is equipped with a regen-For the above collisions and certain other EV turn off the EV (Electric Vehicle) erative brake system. The primary pur-(Electric Vehicle) system malfunctions, the system. pose of regenerative brake system is to provide some power to recharge the Li-READY to drive indicator light will turn off. See . Be sure to push the P (Park) posi-“Warning/indicator lights and audible remin- ion battery and extend driving range. A tion switch on the selector lever andders” in the “2. Instruments and controls” secondary benefit is “engine braking” apply the parking brake when park-section. that operates based on Li-ion battery ing because the vehicle can move conditions.The emergency shut-off activates for the above when the READY to drive indicatorcollisions to minimize risk of an event that could light is ON. When the READY to . In the D (Drive) position, when thecause injury or an accident. If the emergency drive indicator light is ON, do not accelerator pedal is released, the re-shut-off system activates, the EV system may leave your vehicle in a shift position generative brake system providesnot be switched to READY to drive position, other than the P (Park) position. some deceleration.contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. Even if . Keep the brake pedal depressed . When you put the shift selector in thethe power switch is switched to READY to drive until you are ready to drive. When ECO position and take your foot off theposition, the system may shut-off suddenly. the vehicle is in the D (drive) posi- accelerator pedal, more regenerativeTherefore, drive cautiously to the nearest tion or ECO or R (reverse) position, brake is applied than in the D (Drive)NISSAN certified LEAF dealer or contact a if you release the brake pedal and position.NISSAN certified LEAF dealer as soon as do not depress accelerator, the . Less deceleration is provided by thepossible. vehicle will creep and may start regenerative brake system when the Li- abruptly. This may cause serious EV Overview EV-9
  • 25. LIFE WITH AN EV (scene guide) ion battery is fully charged. Regenera- . Compressor and radiator fan noise when the This section provides a brief explanation for the tive brake is automatically reduced Climate Ctrl. Timer or remote climate control most important LEAF functions. Refer to the when the Li-ion battery is fully charged is used. specific sections of this manual for detailed to prevent the Li-ion battery from . Relay operation noise and vibration at start- explanations of the vehicle features and opera- becoming overcharged. Regenerating up and shut-down of the EV (Electric tion. brake is also automatically reduced Vehicle) system (power switch placed in when the battery temperature is high/ CHARGING THE LI-ION BATTERY the ON and OFF position). low (indicated by the red/blue zones on the Li-ion battery temperature . Approaching Vehicle Sound for Pedestrians WARNING gauge) to prevent Li-ion battery da- (VSP). mage. The EV (Electric Vehicle) system uses a high voltage current. Failure to follow. The brake pedal should be used to the proper handling instructions may slow or stop the vehicle depending on cause serious injury or death. Be sure traffic or road conditions. The vehicle to read the “CH. Charging” section and brakes are not affected by regenerative follow the procedures and guidelines brake system operation. described.NOISE AND VIBRATIONYou might experience the following noise orvibration as a normal characteristic of thisvehicle.. Traction motor noise from motor compart- ment.. Noise and vibration when releasing and applying the electric parking brake.. Water pump and radiator fan noise while charging.EV-10 EV Overview
  • 26. EV Overview EV-11
  • 27. EV-12 EV Overview
  • 28. — The computer must be connected to the internet. — A cellular phone must be used to communicate with the vehicle. — A cellular phone capable of text messaging must be used to receive text message regarding vehicle charge status. . When the remote heater and air condi- tioner is set, the system operates the heater and air conditioner to adjust the in-cabin temperature to a factory pre- set temperature. . When the charge connector is discon-BEFORE DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE NOTE: nected from the vehicle, the heater and . To check the Li-ion battery chargingThe Li-ion battery charging status can be air conditioner operates using vehicle status or to use the remote heater andchecked using an internet enabled smart phone Li-ion battery electric power. air conditioner using an internet en-or personal computer at home. You may also . If the remote heater and air conditioner abled smart phone or personal compu-choose to have SMS messages (text messages) ter, the following conditions must be function and Li-ion battery charging aresent to a cellular phone. Additionally, the heater performed at the same time, Li-ion met:and air conditioner of the vehicle can be set to battery charging will take longer thanoperate using the Climate Ctrl. Timer function or — The vehicle must be located in a cellular phone or smart phone cov- usual due to the power used to heat orA/C-heater remote function, if necessary. See erage area. cool the vehicle.“Remote climate control” in the “4. Ventilatorsand climate control systems” section. — The internet enabled cellular phone or smart phone must be located in a cellular phone or smart phone cov- erage area. EV Overview EV-13
  • 29. Checking Li-ion battery chargingstatusThe Li-ion battery charge status can be checkedon the NISSAN CARWINGS Data Centerwebsite via an internet enabled smart phone orpersonal computer.If the Li-ion battery is not sufficiently charged,you can start charging the Li-ion battery via theremote charge function. See “Charging relatedremote function” in the “CH. Charging” section.EV-14 EV Overview
  • 30. Operating the climate control sys-tem before drivingThe vehicle heating and air conditioning systemcan be turned on via remote control with aninternet enabled smart phone or personalcomputer.This allows the interior of the vehicle to beheated or cooled while the vehicle is charging.This reduces the load on the Li-ion battery whilethe vehicle is being driven and can help increasethe vehicle driving range. See “Remote climatecontrol” in the “4. Ventilators and climate controlsystems” section. EV Overview EV-15
  • 31. NOTE: . Before driving, compare the driving distance to the destination displayed on the navigation screen with the estimated driving range shown on the meter. Determine if it will be necessary to charge the Li-ion battery before or while driving to your planned destina- tion. . If it is necessary to charge the Li-ion battery, use the navigation system to search for available charging stations on your planned driving route. STARTING YOUR VEHICLE 1. Depress the brake pedal. 2. Press the power switch. 3. Check that the READY to drive indicator light illuminates and the start up sound is audible. See “READY to drive indicator light” in the “2. Instruments and controls” section. 4. If route guidance is necessary, enter the destination in the navigation system. See LEAF Navigation System Owner’s Manual. 5. Check the Li-ion battery level and the estimated driving range shown on the meter. See “Driving range” in the “2. Instruments and controls” section.EV-16 EV Overview
  • 32. DRIVING THE VEHICLE There are two gear positions for driving the NOTE: vehicle forward: the D (Drive) position and the1. Depress the brake pedal. The electric parking brake will automati- ECO position. See “Driving vehicle” in the “5.2. Release the electric parking brake. cally be released, when you depress the Starting and driving” section.3. Move the selector lever into the D (Drive) accelerator while the vehicle is in the D . Use the D (Drive) position for optimum position. When released, the selector lever (Drive) position, ECO position or R (Re- driving performance. returns to its original center position. verse) position with the seat belt fastened. . Use the ECO position for maximum vehicle4. Confirm that the vehicle is in the D (Drive) range and for city driving. When the ECO position. The indicator next to the “D” by the position is used, more regenerative brake is selector lever illuminates and “D” is dis- applied when the accelerator pedal is played on the meter. released in comparison to the D (Drive)5. Release the brake pedal. position. This provides additional energy to6. Depress the accelerator pedal and start the Li-ion battery, helping to increase the Li- driving. ion battery charge and helps to extend the vehicle range. EV Overview EV-17
  • 33. The ECO position helps extend vehicle range byproviding more regenerative brake than the D(Drive) position. The ECO position also helpsreduce power consumption by reducing accel-eration when compared to the same acceleratorpedal position in the D (Drive) position andreduces the power provided to the heating andair conditioner system.NOTE:The regenerative brake converts the vehi-cle’s forward motion to electric power tohelp slow the vehicle. While the vehicle is being driven you can check your own ECO drive level on the ECO indicator. See “ECO indicator” in the “2. Instruments and controls” section.EV-18 EV Overview
  • 34. If the low battery charge warning lightilluminates, the Li-ion battery charge is too lowfor travel. See “Low battery charge warninglight” in the “2. Instruments and controls”section. Charge the Li-ion battery as soon aspossible. EV Overview EV-19
  • 35. Parking the vehicle 3. Push the power switch to the OFF position.1. When stopping the vehicle, push the P 4. If a parking lot is equipped with charging position switch on the selector lever while facilities, charge the Li-ion battery as ne- depressing the brake pedal. Confirm that the cessary. See “CH. Charging” section. vehicle is in the P (Park) position by checking the shift indicator located near the selector lever or on the dot matrix liquid crystal display.2. Apply the electric parking brake and confirm the electric parking brake indicator light illuminates. See “Electric parking brake indicator light” in the “2. Instruments and controls” section.EV-20 EV Overview
  • 36. NOTE: . Charging can be started remotely, even if charging timer is set up. . When you have forgotten to connect the charge connector at home, there is a function that can notify you via text message capable cellular phone, inter- net enabled smart phone or personal computer. See “Charging related re- mote function” in the “CH. Charging” section. . NISSAN recommends that you connect the normal charge cable when getting out of the vehicle, even if it is not goingAT HOME AFTER DRIVING display. See “Dot matrix liquid crystal dis- to be used. By doing this, you can get play” in the “2. Instruments and controls” the most out of the remote climateCharging the Li-ion battery section. control and Climate Ctrl. Timer func-When you return home, connect the vehicle to 2. Open the charge port lid and charge port tions the next time you use the vehicle.the charging station installed at your home using cap. See “Charge port lid” in the “3. Pre-the normal charge connector. driving checks and adjustments” section.Charge the vehicle or set the charging timer 3. Connect the charge connector to thefunction in the navigation system to have the vehicle.vehicle charge at a specific time. See “Charging 4. When a charging timer is turned on, char-timer” in the “CH. Charging” section. ging starts at the set time. When a charging1. When the power switch is turned off, the timer is not turned on, charging starts ON/OFF settings of the charging timer and immediately. the Climate Ctrl. Timer functions are dis- played on the dot matrix liquid crystal EV Overview EV-21
  • 37. EFFICIENT USE OF YOUR VEHICLE . electrical load from vehicle accessories, . Drive at a constant speed. Maintain cruisingRANGE speeds with a constant accelerator posi- . traffic and road conditions.The distance you can drive the vehicle (range) tions or by using cruise control whenvaries considerably depending upon available NISSAN recommends the following driving appropriate.charge, weather, temperature, usage, battery habits to help maximize vehicle range: . Accelerate slowly and smoothly. Gentlyage, topography, and driving style. Before driving: press and release the accelerator pedal forVehicle range depends on a number of factors. . Follow recommended periodic maintenance. acceleration and deceleration.When the Li-ion battery is new, the estimated . Keep tires inflated to correct pressure.vehicle range with a fully charged Li-ion battery . Drive at moderate speeds on the highway.is approximately 100 miles based on the EPA . Keep wheels in correct alignment. . Avoid frequent stopping and braking. Main-laboratory test commonly called the LA4 mode . Pre-heat or pre-cool the interior cabin while tain a safe distance behind other vehicles.drive cycle. This test represents city driving the vehicle is charging. . Turn off the air conditioner/heater when it isconditions. Your actual range can vary, either . Remove unnecessary cargo from the vehi- not necessary.initially or as the battery ages and with use over cle. . Select a moderate temperature setting fortime. The majority of drivers will experiencevehicle ranges between 62 - 138 miles based While driving: heating or cooling to help reduce poweron the many factors that affect vehicle range. . Drive in ECO mode consumption.See “Improve driving range” earlier in this — In the ECO position more regenerative . Use the air conditioner/heater and closesection for information of the factors that affect brake is applied when the accelerator windows to reduce drag when cruising atvehicle range and how to use the vehicle to pedal is released in comparison to the D highway speed.maximize vehicle range. (Drive) position and more power is . Vehicle range may be substantially reduced provided to the Li-ion battery. in extremely cold conditions (for exampleIMPROVE DRIVING RANGE — The ECO position helps reduce power -48F (-208C)).Vehicle range depends on a number of factors. consumption by reducing acceleration . Using the climate control system to heat theActual vehicle range will vary depending upon: when compared to the same accelerator cabin when outside temperature is below. speed, pedal position in the D (Drive) position. 328F (08C) uses more electricity and affects — The ECO position reduces the power. vehicle load, vehicle range more than when using the provided to the heater and air conditioner heater when the temperature is above 328F system. (08C).EV-22 EV Overview
  • 38. . Release the accelerator pedal to slow down NISSAN recommends you use the following . Avoid sustained high battery state of charge and do not apply the brakes when traffic and driving and charging habits, where possible, to (caused, for example, by frequently charging road conditions allow. help maximize the battery’s useful life: to 100% state of charge and/or leaving the — This vehicle is equipped with a regen- . Avoid exposing a vehicle to ambient tem- battery above 80% state of charge for long erative brake system. The primary pur- peratures above 1208F (498C) for over 24 periods of time). pose of regenerative brake system is to hours. . Allow the battery charge to be below at least provide some power to recharge the Li- 80% before charging. ion battery and extend driving range. A . Avoid storing a vehicle in temperatures secondary benefit is “engine braking” below −138F (−258C) for over 7 days. . Moderate driving. that operates based on Li-ion battery . Avoid leaving your vehicle for over 14 days . Use of ECO mode. conditions. In the D (Drive) position, where the Li-ion battery available charge . NISSAN recommends charging the bat- when the accelerator is released, the gauge reaches a zero or near zero (state of teries using the long life mode unless the regenerative brake system provides charge). vehicle is going to be driven a long distance. some deceleration and some power to . Allow the vehicle and Li-ion battery to cool See “Charging timer” in the “CH. Charging” the Li-ion battery. down after use before charging. section.LI-ION BATTERY LIFE . Park/store your vehicle in cool locations out . If the vehicle will not be used for anThe Li-ion battery’s ability to hold a charge, like of direct sunlight and away from heat extended period of time, charge the Li-ionall batteries, decreases with battery age and sources. battery using the long life mode once everyusage which results in decreased vehicle range . Avoid sustained high battery temperatures 3 months. Do not operate the charging timerwhen compared to the vehicle range when the (caused, for example, by exposure to very repeatedly while the charge connector isvehicle was new. This is normal and expected, high ambient temperatures or extending connected to the vehicle after the Li-ionand does not indicate a malfunction of the highway driving with multiple quick battery charging is completed. Doing so mayvehicle or Li-ion battery. charges). discharge the 12-volt battery. The power of the Li-ion battery can beThe Li-ion Battery’s ability to hold a charge can . Use the normal charging or trickle charging checked on the Li-ion battery availablebe affected by how you drive the vehicle, store methods to charge the Li-ion battery andthe vehicle, how you charge the Li-ion battery charge gauge. See “Li-ion battery available minimize the use of public Fast Charge or charge gauge” in the “2. Instruments andand Li-ion battery temperature during vehicle Quick Charger.operation and charging. controls” for details. EV Overview EV-23
  • 39. EV UNIQUE INFORMATIONLI-ION BATTERY MAINTENANCE METERS AND INDICATORSIn addition to the regular maintenance recom- The vehicle has two displays to provide informa-mended by NISSAN, the LEAF requires some tion regarding vehicle operation:special Li-ion battery inspections. . Upper display. See the NISSAN Warranty Information Booklet for significant limitations, exclusions . Lower display and possible voiding of your warranty resulting from failure to have these neces- sary inspections, repairs and/or adjustments performed.. See the NISSAN Service and Maintenance Guide for a detailed explanation of the Li-ion battery inspection and intervals. Upper display Master warning lights: The master warning lights are located in the upper display. The master warning lights illuminate when any warning lights or indicators illuminate in the lower display or when messages are displayed on the dot matrix liquid crystal display. For additional information, see “Master warning light (red/yellow)” in the “2. Instruments and controls” section.EV-24 EV Overview
  • 40. ECO indicator: Lower display Power meter:This indicator provides instant information about This meter displays the actual traction motor Li-ion battery temperature gauge:how efficiently the vehicle is being operated. You power consumption and the regenerative brakecan see how changing your driving style or This gauge displays the temperature of the Li- power provided to the Li-ion battery.operation of vehicle accessories affects power ion battery. For additional information, see “Power meter” inconsumption. For additional information, see “Li-ion battery the “2. Instruments and controls” section.For additional information, see “ECO indicator” temperature gauge” in the “2. Instruments andin the “2. Instruments and controls” section. controls” section. EV Overview EV-25
  • 41. Driving range: Li-ion battery available charge gauge: Li-ion battery capacity level gauge:This indicator displays the estimated driving This gauge displays the available Li-ion battery This gauge displays the available capacity of therange (calculated based on a program that power remaining to drive the vehicle. Li-ion battery remaining to store power.accounts for current driving style and opera- For additional information, see “Li-ion battery For additional information, see “Li-ion batterytional conditions) that can be driven before available charge gauge” in the “2. Instruments capacity level gauge” in the “2. Instruments andrecharging is necessary. and controls” section. controls”.For additional information, see “Driving range” inthe “2. Instruments and controls” section.EV-26 EV Overview
  • 42. 2. Master warning light (yellow) 3. 12-volt battery charge warning light 4. Plug in indicator light 5. READY to drive indicator light 6. Power limitation indicator light 7. EV system warning light 8. Electric shift control system warning light 9. Brake system warning light (yellow) 10. Electric parking brake indicator light 11. Low battery charge warning light 12. Headlight warning light 13. Approaching Vehicle Sound for Pedestrians (VSP) system warning light APPROACHING VEHICLE SOUND For additional information, see “Warning/indica- FOR PEDESTRIANS (VSP) SYSTEM tor lights and audible reminders” in the “2. The Approaching Vehicle Sound for Pedestrians Instruments and controls” section. (VSP) system is a function that uses sound to alert pedestrians of the presence of the vehicle when it is being driven at a low speed. When the vehicle starts to move, it produces a sound.Warning and indicator lights The sound stops when the vehicle speed isThe EV (Electric Vehicle) system uses the more than 19 MPH (30 km/h) while accelerat-following EV (Electric Vehicle) specific warning ing.and indicator lights. The sound starts when the vehicle speed is less1. Master warning light (red) than 16 MPH (25 km/h) while decelerating. EV Overview EV-27
  • 43. The sound stops when the vehicle stops. For additional information, see “Driving vehicle”The sound does not stop with the vehicle in the in the “5. Starting and driving” section.R (Reverse) position even if the vehicle stops. ELECTRIC PARKING BRAKE The electric parking brake can be manually WARNING applied or released by operating the parking brake switch when the power switch is in the . If the sound cannot be heard, pe- ON or READY to drive position with the brake destrians may not notice the on- pedal depressed. coming vehicle, which may cause an accident resulting in serious injury Setting the electric parking brake: or death. Immediately contact a Pull up on the electric parking brake switch with NISSAN certified LEAF for VSP the brake pedal depressed. system inspection. The electric parking brake indicator light illumi- . If the VSP system warning light nates after the parking brake is applied. illuminates while the power switch ELECTRIC SHIFT CONTROL SYS- Releasing the electric parking brake: is in the ON position, or in the TEM READY to drive position, it may Push down on the electric parking brake switch This vehicle is equipped with an electric shift with the brake pedal depressed. indicate the VSP system is not control system. This control system has three The electric parking brake indicator light turns functioning properly. Have the sys- features. off. tem checked by a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. See “Approaching Ve- . Smooth and easy shift selector operation. NOTE: hicle Sound for Pedestrians (VSP) . To place the vehicle in the P (Park) position, system warning light” in the “2. The electric parking brake has an auto- push the P (Park) position switch on the Instruments and controls” section. matic release function. selector lever. The electric parking brake is automatically . The vehicle automatically applies the P released when all the following conditions (Park) position when the power switch is are met: placed in the OFF position.EV-28 EV Overview
  • 44. . The driver’s seat belt is securely fas- NOTE: tened. The solar cell may not provide full charging. The vehicle is in the D (Drive) position, power in the following situations. ECO position or R (Reverse) position. . When the intensity of sunlight is weak.. The accelerator pedal is depressed. . When the solar cell module is in the shade.For additional information, see “Electricparking brake” in the “5. Starting and . When the solar cell module is covereddriving” section. by leaves or dirt.LED HEADLIGHT (low beam) DRIVING RANGE BUTTONThis vehicle uses a LED headlight for the Push the driving range button on the steeringheadlight low beam. The LED headlight has wheel to check the estimated distance thethe following features. vehicle may be driven with the available Li-ion Solar cell module on the rear spoiler battery charge. See LEAF Navigation System. Low power consumption SOLAR CELL MODULE (if so Owner’s Manual.. The shape is very compact.Contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer to equipped)replace the headlight. This vehicle uses a solar cell module to provide power to the 12-volt battery. The solar cell module only provides power to help maintain the charge of the 12-volt battery; it will not recharge a discharged 12-volt battery. The solar cell module does not provide power to the Li-ion battery. For maintenance, see “Cleaning exterior” in the “7. Appearance and care” section. EV Overview EV-29
  • 45. MEMOEV-30 EV Overview
  • 46. ChargingPrecautions on charging .................................................... CH-2 Charging related remote function ......................... CH-25Types of charge and how to charge the Charging related indicator lights .................................. CH-26Li-ion battery ......................................................................... CH-5 Charging status indicator lights ............................ CH-26 How to normal charge .................................................. CH-9 EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) How to trickle charge ................................................ CH-11 control box indicator light ....................................... CH-29 How to quick charge (if so equipped) .................. CH-16 Charging troubleshooting guide ................................... CH-30Charging methods ............................................................ CH-19 Charging timer ............................................................. CH-19
  • 47. PRECAUTIONS ON CHARGING . Make sure there is no water or engaged and the connector latch is WARNING foreign materials in the charge port, unlocked, it is possible to place the charge connector or electrical plug, EV (Electric Vehicle) in the READY . If you use any medical electric and that they are not damaged or to drive position. devices, such as an implantable affected by rust or corrosion. If any cardiac pacemaker or an implanta- . Do not plug in or unplug the plug of these conditions are noticeable, with wet hands and do not stand in ble cardiovascular defibrillator, do not charge the Li-ion battery. check with the electric medical de- water, liquid or snow. This may This may result in a short circuit or cause an electric shock which may vice manufacturer concerning the electric shock and could cause a fire effects that charging may have on result in serious personal injury or which may result in serious perso- death. implanted devices before starting nal injury or death. the charge operation. Charging . Do not disassemble or modify the may affect the operation. . To avoid serious personal injury or charge port or the EVSE (Electric death when the Li-ion battery is Vehicle Supply Equipment). This . If you have an implantable cardiac charging, be aware of the following pacemaker or an implantable cardi- may cause a fire. precautions. ovascular defibrillator, while the Li- . If you notice an unusual odor or ion battery is charging: — Do not touch the metal contacts smoke coming from the vehicle, of the charge port, charge con- — Do not stay inside the vehicle. stop charging immediately. nector or electrical plug. — Do not go inside the vehicle, for . Be careful not to allow your hands, — Do not touch the vehicle and hair, jewelry or clothing to come into example to remove or place an charger when there is lightning. item in the passenger compart- contact with, or get caught in, the A lightning strike may back feed traction motor cooling fan. The cool- ment. into the charger causing da- ing fan can start at any time during — Do not open the rear hatch, for mage and possible personal in- charging. example to remove or place an jury or death. item in the cargo area. . Make sure the charge connector is Charging may affect the operation removed from the charge port be- of electric medical device and result fore starting your vehicle. If the in serious personal injury or death. charge connector is only partiallyCH-2 Charging
  • 48. — Do not subject the charging ment and could cause an injury. See equipment to impact. “Jump starting” in the “6. In case of emergency” section. — Do not pull or twist the charge cable. . Trickle charging is performed using the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply — Do not drag the charge cable. Equipment) provided with the vehi- — Do not store and use charging cle. NISSAN recommends using an equipment in locations where AC 110 - 120 volt, 15A, dedicated the temperature is over 1858F electrical circuit and outlet. The (858C). dedicated circuit is used to help — Do not place the charging equip- prevent circuit damage or the circuit ment close to a heater or other breaker from tripping due to the heat source. high draw of charging the Li-ion battery. If the dedicated circuit is. Pass the lower side belt of the EVSE . Make sure the cap is closed on the not used, the circuit may cause (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) charge port when charging is fin- adverse interference on MCB case securely through the fastener ished. If the charge port lid is closed (Moulded Circuit Board) and house- on the bottom of the luggage board. when the cap is open, water or hold electrical appliances such as If the case suddenly becomes loose, foreign materials may enter the televisions and audio systems. If the it may cause serious injury or death. charge port. circuit is shared, and another elec- . Do not charge when a vehicle body trical device is being used at the cover is in use. This may cause same time the vehicle is charging, CAUTION damage to the charge connector. the breaker may trip. A licensed professional electrician should in-. To prevent damage to the charging . Do not attempt to perform a jump stall a dedicated circuit if one is not equipment: start on the 12-volt battery at the already available. same time that the Li-ion battery is — Do not close the charge port lid being charged. Doing so may da- without closing the cap. mage the vehicle or charging equip- Charging CH-3
  • 49. NOTE: . If the vehicle will not be used for an . It is recommended to keep the charge. When charging the Li-ion battery, place extended period of time, charge the Li- cable connected to save Li-ion battery the power switch in the OFF position. ion battery using the long life mode power, when the heater and air condi- When the power switch is in the ON once every 3 months. Do not operate tioner are operating with remote op- position, the Li-ion battery will not start the charging timer repeatedly while the eration. charging. charge connector is connected to the . If the charge port is frozen, melt the ice. If the charger is connected to the vehicle after the Li-ion battery charging using a hair drier. After the ice has vehicle when it is in the READY to drive is completed. Doing so may discharge melted, charge the Li-ion battery. For- position, the power switch automati- the 12-volt battery. cing the charge connector to connect cally changes to the ON position. Place For details of the long life mode may cause a malfunction. the power switch in the OFF position to charging method, see “Charging timer” later in this section. If the Li-ion battery . If foreign materials have entered the begin charging. becomes discharged, charge it imme- charge connector and charge port and. For your safety, if the charger is con- it is not possible to connect it, do not diately. nected to the vehicle while the power attempt to force the connection. Con- switch is in the READY to drive posi- . The power switch can be set to ON tact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. tion, the vehicle will automatically position and the climate control and Forcing the charge connector to con- switch to the ON position. Because navigation system can be used while nect may cause damage to the char- charging will not be started while the the Li-ion battery is charging. However, ging equipment and vehicle. power switch is in this position, be sure because these operations consume Li- ion battery power, it will take longer for . There is a hole on the charge port for to place the power switch in the OFF the Li-ion battery to become fully water drainage. If the water drainage position. charged. Place the power switch in hole becomes blocked, or if water gets. When the ambient temperature is 328F the OFF position to help reduce Li-ion trapped inside the charge port, do not (08C) or less, charging time may be battery charge time. charge. Contact a NISSAN certified longer than normal and the level to LEAF dealer. which the Li-ion battery can be charged . If electrical power is interrupted while may be less than at higher tempera- charging, charging restarts automati- tures. cally when the electrical power is restored.CH-4 Charging
  • 50. TYPES OF CHARGE AND HOW TOCHARGE THE LI-ION BATTERY Charging CH-5
  • 51. CH-6 Charging
  • 52. This vehicle is an electric vehicle and it requires NISSAN recommends the installation of a home Quick charge (if so equipped)electricity to operate. The Li-ion battery is the charging dock by a licensed professional Quick charge capability is only available ononly source of power to operate the vehicle. It is electrician. NISSAN has contracted with a vehicles manufactured with the quick chargeimportant to conserve power and plan your company to assist you in purchasing and option, which includes the quick charge port. Ifcharging needs when you drive to avoid installing a charger. Contact your NISSAN your vehicle does not have such a port, quickcompletely discharging the Li-ion battery and certified LEAF dealer. charging cannot be used.being unable to drive. It takes approximately 7 hours in order to charge A vehicle equipped with a quick charge port isThere are three methods available to charge the the Li-ion battery from discharged (low battery compatible with most CHAdeMO (JapaneseLi-ion battery; charge warning light illuminated) to charged. industry standard) connectors on charging. Normal charge See “How to normal charge” later in this section. stations. Charging stations using this standard are UL certified and safe to use in the US. While. Trickle charge Trickle charge supported by NISSAN, this connector may not. Quick charge (if so equipped) Trickle charging is not recommended for regular become the US SAE standard.The time to completely charge the vehicle Li-ion use. Trickle charge can be used when it is necessary to perform an emergency charge at a Quick charging is possible (even several times abattery varies, based on the state of charge of day) if the battery temperature is not near the redthe Li-ion battery, condition and age of the Li-ion destination such as a friend’s house. zone. If the battery temperature reaches the redbattery, ambient temperature and condition of Trickle charge uses the EVSE (Electric Vehicle zone, in order to protect the battery, quickthe power source connected to the vehicle. The Supply Equipment) or an SAE J1772 compliant charging is not allowed and the power limitationcharging times provided in this manual are cord set to connect the vehicle to an AC 110 - mode will be triggered.estimates only and may vary. 120 volt, 15A dedicated outlet. The outlet should be protected by a dedicated circuit Public charging:Normal charge breaker or fuse to avoid overloading the circuit This vehicle is compatible with any publicNISSAN recommends using normal charging for or other electrical hazard. charging station that is SAE J1772 compliant.usual charging of the vehicle. Use of quick If you attempt to charge from a non-compliantcharge should be minimized in order to help It takes approximately 21 hours to charge the Li- ion battery from discharged (low battery charge charging station, you may not receive a com-prolong Li-ion battery life. plete charge, or you may not be able to charge warning light illuminated) to charged.Normal charging uses an SAE J1772 compliant at all due to hardware and software differences.charging device that can be installed on a See “How to trickle charge” later in this section. NISSAN is working with state, municipalitiesdedicated 220V/240V circuit in your home. utility companies and others to assist in the Charging CH-7
  • 53. preparation of markets and infrastructure, but NOTE:makes no representations that public charging Charging time is typically limited to 60stations will be available in locations where you minutes when using a quick charger. Presswish to operate the vehicle, nor can NISSAN the start switch on the quick charger ifpredict the period of time it may take for public additional charge time is necessary tocharging infrastructure to be developed in your reach an 80% chargearea. Depending on where you live or drive, See “How to quick charge” later in this section.there may not be sufficient public charging Power Limitation Modestations available to meet your particular needsfor driving range and charging away from your This mode protects the health and operation ofhome. Trip planning is therefore important, and the vehicle’s Li-ion battery. This mode operatesyou should plan trips with these facts in mind. in certain extreme conditions (heat, cold, low state of charge). Power available to vehicleQuick charge uses public charging stations (up systems, including its traction motor, is limitedto 50 kW of power). resulting in limited performance, accelerationThe time needed to charge the Li-ion battery Li-ion battery temperature and top speed. Charging may be automatically Estimated charge timefrom discharged (low battery charge warning gauge terminated, especially with repeated quick char-light illuminated) to 80% charged using the aquick charger depends on many factors includ- *A 4 or less segments illuminated More than approxi- mately 90 minutes ging in extreme hot weather. Checking Li-ion battery chargeing the Li-ion battery temperature and the type * 5-6 segments illumi- B nated approximately 30-90 minutes the three methods for checking amount ofof quick charger used. charge are as follows.It may take more time to charge the Li-ion *C 7-8 segments illumi- approximately 30 min- nated utesbattery using the quick charger if the vehicle is . Check by using the Li-ion battery availableparked in a cold location (for example below * 9-10 segments illu- D minated approximately 30-90 minutes charge gauge on the meter when the power328F (08C)) for a long time. switch is placed in the ON position. See “Li-The Li-ion battery temperature gauge can be * 11 or more seg- E ments illuminated More than approxi- mately 90 minutes ion battery available charge gauge” in the “2. Instruments and controls” section and “16.used to estimate the approximate time needed Li-ion battery low charge warning ” in the “2.to charge the Li-ion battery to 80%. Instruments and controls” section.CH-8 Charging
  • 54. . Check by using a cellular phone, smart HOW TO NORMAL CHARGE in serious personal injury or death. phone or personal computer. See LEAF Navigation System Owner’s Manual. . Be sure to follow the precautions WARNING for using the charger that can be. Check by using the charging status indicator installed in your home. Failing to do light. See “Charging status indicator lights” . If you use any medical electric so could result in serious injury or later in this section. devices, such as an implantable death. cardiac pacemaker or an implanta-NOTE: ble cardiovascular defibrillator,. During the charge operation, charge check with the electric medical de- continues when the power switch is vice manufacturer concerning the CAUTION placed in the ON position. effects that charging may have on . Do not use any charging equipment. The Li-ion battery cannot be charged if implanted devices before starting that is not compatible with the the quick charge connector and the the charge operation. Charging LEAF. Doing so could prevent the normal charge connector are con- may affect the operation. Li-ion battery from charging prop- nected at the same time. If another . If you have an implantable cardiac erly or could result in damage to the charge connector is connected mid- pacemaker or an implantable cardi- vehicle or Li-ion battery. charge, charging will stop. ovascular defibrillator, while the Li-. For safety reasons, it is not possible to ion battery is charging: . Normal charge uses the charging device switch to the READY to drive position — Do not stay inside the vehicle. (AC 220 - 240 volt, 20A) that can be while a charge connector is connected. installed in your home to charge the Li-ion — Do not go inside the vehicle, for. During charging, it is possible that the example to remove or place an battery. radio may be inaudible due to noise by item in the passenger compart- . Immediate charge, charging timer and re- the electromagnetic wave. ment. mote charge can be performed in the normal — Do not open the rear hatch, for charge mode. See “Charging timer” and example to remove or place an “Charging related remote function” later in item in the cargo area. this section. Charging may affect the operation of electric medical device and result Charging CH-9
  • 55. . The Genuine NISSAN charging equipment communicates with the vehicle before Li-ion battery charging starts. If this communica- tion does not occur because other equip- ment is used, the Li-ion battery will not charge.. NISSAN recommends that you connect the normal charge cable when getting out of the vehicle, even if it is not going to be used. By doing this, you can get the most out of the remote climate control and Climate Ctrl. Timer functions the next time you use the vehicle.To start normal charge: 4. Connect the charge connector to the charge To stop normal charge:1. Push the P position switch to place the port. If it is connected normally, a beep will 1. Press the button on the charge connector, vehicle in the P (Park) position and apply the electric parking brake. sound once. release the lock and remove the charge2. When charging the Li-ion battery, place the 5. If charging has started or if the battery is connector from the charge port and properly waiting for charging timer, a beep will sound store it. power switch in the OFF position. When the twice and the charging status indicator light 2. After closing the charge port cap on the power switch is in the ON position, the Li- display will change. See “Charging status charge port, close the charge port lid. ion battery will not start charging. indicator lights” later in this section.3. Open the charge port lid and charge port NOTE: cap. See “Charge port lid” and “Charge port . To stop charging mid-charge, remove cap” in the “3. Pre-driving checks and the charge connector. Charging auto- adjustments” section. matically stops.CH-10 Charging
  • 56. HOW TO TRICKLE CHARGE in serious personal injury or death. breakers. . In order to avoid an electric shock or — Do not use this charger on WARNING fire due to a short circuit, connect to electrical circuits with two-prong GFI (Ground Fault Interrupter) cir- outlets.. If you use any medical electric cuit breaker and use a waterproof devices, such as an implantable — Do not use charger if outlet electrical ground socket. cardiac pacemaker or an implanta- appears damaged or will not ble cardiovascular defibrillator, . The NISSAN Genuine EVSE (Electric hold plug firmly. check with the electric medical de- Vehicle Supply Equipment) charging — Discontinue charger use imme- vice manufacturer concerning the device provided with your vehicle diately if plug or outlet becomes effects that charging may have on draws 12amps continuously while hot to the touch or if you notice implanted devices before starting charging the Li-ion battery. Do not any unusual odors. the charge operation. Charging plug in to any electrical circuit un- may affect the operation. less it is inspected by a licensed — Do not use charger if other electrician to confirm that the elec- devices are plugged into the. If you have an implantable cardiac trical circuit can accept a 12 amp same circuit. pacemaker or an implantable cardi- draw. Any electrical circuit has a ovascular defibrillator, while the Li- — Never use extension cords or much higher likelihood of being plug adapters with charger. ion battery is charging: compromised in the following con- — Do not stay inside the vehicle. ditions listed below. — Do not operate with a damaged cord. — Do not go inside the vehicle, for — Improper use of the charger may example to remove or place an result in a fire and serious injury — Always unplug the charger when item in the passenger compart- or death. not in use. ment. — Do not use this charger in struc- — When unplugging, be sure to — Do not open the rear hatch, for tures more than 40 years old. pull by the plug and not the cord. example to remove or place an — Do not use this charger in struc- — The device has parts that may item in the cargo area. tures using fuse-based circuit spark inside. Do not use it where Charging may affect the operation protection. Use only with elec- gasoline, paint, or flammable of electric medical device and result trical circuits protected by circuit liquids are used or stored. Charging CH-11
  • 57. — Do not use if a malfunction it may cause serious injury or death. or trickle charge cable performs a commu- occurs or if charger has been nication function with the vehicle before Li- damaged in any manner. Return ion charging starts. If this communication to a NISSAN certified LEAF deal- does not occur because other equipment is CAUTION used, the Li-ion battery will not charge. er for replacement. — The charger contains no user . Only charge using a standard 110 - . Immediate charge, charging timer and re- serviceable parts. Do not at- 120 volt, 15A dedicated electrical mote charge can be performed in the trickle tempt to repair the charger, outlet (For example do not use an charge mode. See “Charging timer” and doing so will void your warranty. electric generator). Failure to do so “Charging related remote function” later in may cause charging to fail and could this section. cause damage to the Li-ion battery charging equipment due to power surges. . NISSAN recommends using genuine NISSAN charging equipment to charge the vehicle. Using non- NISSAN equipment could cause the Li-ion battery to not charge correctly and may damage the Li- ion battery. . Trickle charging is performed using an AC 110 - 120 volt, 15A dedicated electrical . Pass the lower side belt of the EVSE outlet using the EVSE (Electric Vehicle (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) Supply Equipment) provided with the vehi- case securely through the fastener cle. on the bottom of the luggage board. . The genuine NISSAN EVSE (Electric Vehi- If the case suddenly becomes loose, cle Supply Equipment) charging equipmentCH-12 Charging
  • 58. adjustments” section.To start trickle charging:*:You can pass a rope through the hole * onA 4. Take out the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supplythe control box in order to hang it up while the Equipment) or trickle charge cable from theLi-ion battery is charging. rear hatch.1. Push the P position switch to place the 5. Connect the electrical plug to the 110 - 120 vehicle in the P (Park) position and apply the volt, 15A dedicated electrical outlet. If it is electric parking brake. connected normally, the green light on the2. When charging the Li-ion battery, place the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) power switch in the OFF position. When the control box indicator light illuminates. See power switch is in the ON position, the Li- “EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) ion battery will not start charging. control box indicator light” later in this section.3. Open the charge port lid. See “Charge port lid” in the “3. Pre-driving checks and 6. Open the charge port cap. See “Charge adjustments” section. port cap” in the “3. Pre-driving checks and Charging CH-13
  • 59. 7. Remove the safety cap from charge con- 8. Connect the charge connector to the charge 10. When recharging outside such as in your nector. port. If it is connected normally, a beep will drive way, use a commercially available sound once. padlock attached in position * to prevent A 9. If charging has started, or if the Li-ion battery theft. is waiting for charging timer, a beep will sound twice and the charging status in- dicator light display will change. See “Char- ging status indicator lights” later in this section.CH-14 Charging
  • 60. the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) control box. WARNINGTo stop trickle charge: 4. Store in its case.1. Press the button on the charge connector, NOTE: release the lock and remove the charge Perform the following procedure to connector from the charge port. store the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply2. Attach the safety cap to the EVSE (Electric Equipment) in the case. Pass the lower side belt of the EVSE Vehicle Supply Equipment). a. Wind the charge cable into a size (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment)3. Remove the electrical plug from the AC 110 that will allow it to be stored in the case securely through the fastener on - 120 volt, 15A dedicated electrical outlet. case (approximately 9.8 in (250 mm) the bottom of the luggage board. If the in diameter). case suddenly becomes loose, it may b. Place the EVSE (Electric Vehicle cause serious injury or death. Supply Equipment) control box into the back of the case. 5. After closing the cap on the charge port, c. Place the charge cable and charge close the charge port lid. connector into the case in front of Charging CH-15
  • 61. NOTE: NOTE:To stop charging mid-charge, remove the Quick charging is possible (even severalcharge connector. Charging automatically times a day) if the battery temperature isstops. not near the red zone. If the batteryHOW TO QUICK CHARGE (if so temperature reaches the red zone, in order to protect the battery, quick charging is notequipped) allowed and the power limitation modeQuick charge uses public charging stations (up will be triggered.to 50 kW of power) to charge the battery in ashort period of time. WARNING . Always use a quick charger that is compatible with the LEAF. Using an To start charging: incompatible quick charger may cause a fire or malfunction resulting 1. Push the P position switch to place the in serious personal injury or death. vehicle in the P (Park) position and apply the electric parking brake. . Before starting the quick charge, 2. When charging the Li-ion battery, place the carefully read the instructions pro- power switch in the OFF position. When the vided on the quick charger and power switch is in the ON position, the Li- make sure the quick charge con- ion battery will not start charging. nector is properly connected and locked. Failure to connector or op- 3. Open the charge port lid and charge port erate the quick charger correctly cap. See “Charge port lid” and “Charge port could cause damage to the vehicle cap” in the “3. Pre-driving checks and or the charging equipment. adjustments” section.CH-16 Charging
  • 62. 4. Align * with the groove of the charge port 1 5. Grasp the lock lever and lock the charge and insert the charge connector. CAUTION connector. 6. Follow the instructions on the quick charge . Be sure to insert the charge con- equipment to start charging. When the nector straight into the quick charge equipment is properly installed and ready port right up to the base. Failure to to charge a beep sounds twice and the do so may result in the Li-ion battery charging status indicator light will change. not charging or could cause damage See “Charging status indicator lights” in the to the charging equipment. “3. Pre-driving checks and adjustments” section. Charging ends in the following situations. . When charging is complete . When charging time has exceeded 60 minutes Charging CH-17
  • 63. . When the possible charge time set for the quick charger is exceeded CAUTIONNOTE: . As the quick charge connector is. Charging may automatically stop even heavier in comparison to the other if it is not completed. charge connectors, allowing it to drop could cause damage to the. If charging stops mid-charge, you can vehicle or charge connector or per- restart charging by pressing the start sonal injury. When removing the button on the quick charger again. connector, be sure to pull it out. The charge connector is locked to the straight and as carefully as possible. charge port during charging and can not be disconnected. Follow the in- structions on the quick charge equip- ment to stop charging. Confirm charging is stopped by looking at the To finish charging: indicators on the dash. The charge 1. Confirm charging is stopped by looking at connector can be disconnected from the indicators on the dash. The charge the vehicle when charging is stopped. connector can be disconnected from the. When quick charging, the Li-ion battery vehicle when charging is stopped. charging rate is slower as the percen- 2. Unlock the charge connector and remove tage available battery charge available from the vehicle and properly store it. increases. 3. Close the quick charge port cap. 4. Shut the charge port lid.CH-18 Charging
  • 64. CHARGING METHODS 2. Touch [Set Timer 1] or [Set Timer 2]. TheCHARGING TIMER following procedure explains Timer 1Use charging timer to schedule when the Li-ion setting.battery charges. You can save two timer settingsthat include the charging start time and endtime. You can apply one of the timer settings toeach day of the week. The vehicle automatically 1. Push the Zero Emission button andbegins charging at the scheduled times when touch [Charging Timer].the charge connector is connected to thevehicle. The timers do not need to be reseteach time the Li-ion battery needs charged. Charging CH-19
  • 65. 3. Enter the Li-ion battery charge start time. 4. Touch [Assign Days] to set the charging 6. Touch [Yes] if the settings shown on the Touch [% Charge] to change the amount of timer for different days of the week. Either screen are correct. charging. Touch [END Time] to change the Timer 1 or Timer 2 or OFF can be set for time to stop charging. each day of the week. Touch [OK] when the settings are complete. NOTE: . Charging timer is performed accord- 5. Touch [OK] when the settings are complete ing to the current time setting on the and a settings confirmation screen is dis- bottom right of the display. When played. setting the charging timer function, NOTE: be sure to check that the current If OFF is selected for a day of the week, time displayed is correct. the charging timer will not operate on . In the default setting, [100% Charge that day. The system will wait until the (Maximizes Driving Range)] is se- next charging timer set to perform lected. This is called long distance charging. mode. To extend the life span of the Li-ion battery, use long life mode by selecting [80% Charge (Improves Battery Longevity)]. See “Long life mode” later in this section.CH-20 Charging
  • 66. timer function is activated. . If charging timer and the Climate Ctrl. . When only the charging timer end time Timer are operating at the same time is set, the system automatically deter- due to an overlap of the timer settings, mines when to begin charging based you can prioritize which function re- on the Li-ion battery charge level. The ceives electrical power first. See LEAF Li-ion battery may not be charged to Navigation System Owner’s Manual. the expected level (80% or 100%) in the . When charging is set as the first following conditions: priority, the Climate Ctrl. Timer does7. The [Timer 1] indicator illuminates after the — The Li-ion battery is charged in cold not start until 10 segments of the Li-ion charging timer is set. Use the same proce- weather. battery available charge gauge are dure to set the Timer 2 setting. — The charge connector is connected illuminated.8. Place the power switch in the OFF position, to the vehicle too close to the . When the climate control is set as the and then connect the charge connector to scheduled charging end time. first priority, the climate control system the vehicle. . When only the charging timer end time will be turned on as scheduled by the is set, the system automatically stops Climate Ctrl. Timer regardless of theNOTE: remaining battery energy. charging when the Li-ion battery. Always place the power switch in the charges to the selected level (80% or . Even when the climate control is set as OFF position after setting the charging 100%). Charging may stop before the the first priority, the climate control timers. When the power switch is in the scheduled end time. system will be turned off when the ON position, the Li-ion battery will not . Touch [Timer 1] or [Timer 2] to turn off electric demands of the climate control start charging. the charging timer function. Touch [Yes] system is more than can be provided to. The Li-ion battery may not be charged if the settings shown on the screen are the Li-ion battery for charging. to the expected level (80% or 100%) if correct. After this operation has been . The Li-ion battery will not charge when the charging timer start time and end performed, the indicator disappears the charge connector is connected to time are set so there is not enough and the charging timer function is the vehicle until the next scheduled time to charge the Li-ion battery. turned off. The start and stop time charge start time when the charge. When either the charge start time or settings are not deleted, even if the timer is active. If necessary, use im- charge end time is set, the charging charging timer function is turned off. mediate charge or remote charge to Charging CH-21
  • 67. charge the Li-ion battery. . The 12-volt battery can become dis-. Some charging stations used to per- charged if the charging timer is oper- form normal charge are equipped with ated repeatedly between the Li-ion timer functions. If the charger timer battery charges while the vehicle is function and the vehicle timer are both not used for an extended period of set, and the two timers are not set to time. operate at the same time, it is possible Long life mode that the charger will not start or the NISSAN recommends charging the Li-ion bat- battery will not be charged to the level expected. tery using the long life mode to help maximize the Li-ion battery useful life.. If the Li-ion battery heater is operating Long life mode can only be set using the while the Climate Ctrl. Timer or Remote charging timer function. Climate Control is being used, perfor- mance of the Climate Control will be The long life mode is set by changing the [% reduced. Charge] to [80% Charge (Improves Battery 1. Push the (Zero Emission menu) button . Longevity)] using the following procedure.. The Li-ion battery may not charge to the expected level using the Charging Timer When a Start time and End time are set while the Li-ion battery heater operates.. Set only the Charging Timer End time when charging in cold weather. The vehicle automatically determines when to start charging to fully charge the Li- ion battery, even if the Li-ion battery heater operates. Charging ends before the set End time if the Li-ion battery is fully charged.CH-22 Charging
  • 68. 2. Touch [Charging Timer]. 3. Touch [Set Timer 1] or [Set Timer 2]. 4. Touch [% Charge]. Charging CH-23
  • 69. 5. Touch [80% Charging (Improves Battery 8. Touch [Yes] if the settings shown on the 9. The [Timer 1] or [Timer 2] indicator illumi- Longevity)]. The indicator light illuminates screen are correct. nates after the charging timer is set. when the long life mode is set to on. Immediate charge6. Touch [BACK] to return to the previous screen. When a charging timer is not turned on, charging automatically starts when a normal or7. Touch [Save Timer] when the settings are trickle charge connector is connected to the complete and a settings confirmation screen vehicle. is displayed. Use the immediate charge mode anytime you want to start charging when a charging timer is turned on by performing the following: 1. Place the power switch in the OFF position.CH-24 Charging
  • 70. . Immediate charge will be available for or internet enabled smart phone even if you 15 minutes before returning automati- are not in the vehicle. cally to the previous setting. . Remote charge: . To cancel immediate charge mode The function of starting Li-ion battery charge press the immediate charge switch or starting the heater and air conditioner is again. available using your personal computer or . If charge cable is disconnected, the Li- internet enabled smart phone. ion battery automatically switches to . Unplugged status: charging timer. To perform an immedi- A notification e-mail will be sent to your ate charge again, press the immediate personal computer or internet enabled smart charge switch and connect charge phone if the plug is not connected at the cable. certain time you selected, after you turning . If the charge cable is already con- off the power switch in registered place.2. Press the immediate charge switch. nected, press the immediate charge NOTE: switch to start performing an immedi-3. Connect the normal or trickle charge cable . Establishing the CARWINGSTM service ate charge. when the charging status indicator light is necessary before using this service. changes to display immediate charge mode. CHARGING RELATED REMOTE See LEAF Navigation System Owner’s See “Charging status indicator lights” later FUNCTION Manual. in this section. . To check the Li-ion battery charging This vehicle incorporates a communicationNOTE: device that is called a TCU (Telematics Com- status using an internet enabled smart. You have 15 minutes to connect a munication Unit). The communication connec- phone or personal computer, the fol- normal or trickle charge connector to tion between this unit and NISSAN lowing conditions must be met: the vehicle after the immediate charge CARWINGSTM Data Center allows for various — The vehicle must be located in a switch is pressed. If a charge connector remote function services. cellular phone coverage area. is not connected to the vehicle within . Li-ion battery status check: — The cellular phone must be located 15 minutes, the vehicle automatically in an area with cellular phone The charging status of the Li-ion battery can returns to the previous setting. coverage. be checked using your personal computer Charging CH-25
  • 71. CHARGING RELATED INDICATOR LIGHTS — If using a computer, the computer must be connected to the internet. — Some cellular phones are not com- patible and cannot be used to check the Li-ion battery charging status. Please confirm beforehand.. Certain remote functions required a compatible smart phone, which is not included with vehicle.. CARWINGSTM information system fea- tures are included through a subscrip- tion service which requires owner consent to activate. The subscription must be active to use these features. Ready for charging timer. CARWINGSTM communications may be CHARGING STATUS INDICATOR If charging timer is set, the indicator lights received at a verified e-mail address or LIGHTS illuminate, in order from * to *. The indicator 1 3 The charging status indicator lights * to * by SMS/text messaging-enabled mo- 1 3 lights turn off after approximately 15 minutes. bile phone. display the charging status, and are visible from. Standard text rates and/or data usage both inside and outside the vehicle. may apply depending on your carrier.CH-26 Charging
  • 72. Ready for immediate charge When charging When fully chargedWhen the power switch is off and if the When the Li-ion battery is being charged, the All of the indicator lights * to * illuminate 1 3immediate charge switch is pressed while the charging status indicator lights will change when:charge cable is not connected, the indicator depending on the amount the Li-ion battery is . The Li-ion battery is fully chargedlight * illuminates. 2 charged. . 80% of a charging timer is completedThis indicator light * illuminates when the 2 *: This value is also displayed by the illuminationvehicle is ready for immediate charge. You have of segments of the Li-ion battery available . When 90% of a quick charge is completed15 minutes to connect the charge connector to charge gauge on the instrument panel. The indicator lights turn off after approximatelythe vehicle. If the charge connector is not 15 minutes or when the charge connector isconnected within 15 minutes, the indicator light removed.* turns off and you must start the immediate 2charge mode again to charge the Li-ion battery. Charging CH-27
  • 73. The indicator will also flash when the following system are operating: . Climate Ctrl. Timer . Remote climate control . Li-ion battery heaterWhen the indicator light * flashes 3 When not chargingThe indicator light * flashes when the 12-volt 3 None of the lights are illuminated when the Li-battery is being charged. See“Charging the 12- ion battery and 12-volt battery are not charging.volt battery” in the “Overview” section.The indicator will also flash for up to 5 minutes ifthe electrical power to the EVSE is interruptedduring charging. Charging will restart automati-cally when the electrical power to the EVSE isrestored if the charging connector is connected.The charge start beep will not sound whencharging restarts.CH-28 Charging
  • 74. READY CHARGE FAULT Status and action to be taken Every time the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) plug is * * * connected to an outlet, all indicator lights illuminate for 0.5 seconds. After initial processing is completed, when the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) is not connected to the vehicle, or the * * * EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) is connected to the vehicle but charging is not being performed. * * * While the battery is being charged When the ground cable is disconnected ◎ * * Check the grounding of the outlet being used. If the grounding is normal, contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. When an electric leakage occurs or the EVSE (Electric Vehicle * * ◎ Supply Equipment) malfunctions Stop use immediately and contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. When the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) malfunctions * * *EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Stop use immediately and contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer.Equipment) CONTROL BOX INDI- If the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) control box indicator light does not illuminate after connecting the plug to theCATOR LIGHT outlet, check the GFCI and circuit breaker for the outlet. If eitherWhen a trickle charge is being performed, the the GFCI or breaker has tripped, the circuit may not be suitable for * * * use with EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment). You shouldcharging status is shown by the indicator light have a licensed electrician inspect and repair the electrical circuit.that is on the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply If the GFCI breaker is not tripped, stop using the EVSE (ElectricEquipment) control box. Vehicle Supply Equipment) and contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer.An indicator light also indicates if there is aEVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment)malfunction. Meaning Light ON Flashing Light OFF Symbol * ◎ * Charging CH-29
  • 75. CHARGING TROUBLESHOOTINGGUIDE Symptom Possible cause Possible solution The vehicle power switch is in the ON Before charging, place the vehicle power switch in the OFF position. position. Both the normal charge connector and the The normal charge connector and the quick charge connector cannot be connected at the quick charge connector are connected at the same time. same time. Charging can not be performed if the Li-ion battery is already fully charged. Charging The Li-ion battery is already fully charged. automatically turns off if the Li-ion battery is fully charged. Charging cannot be per- Confirm the Li-ion battery temperature by checking the Li-ion battery temperature gauge. If the formed. The temperature of the Li-ion battery is too gauge indicates the Li-ion battery is too hot (red zone) or too cold (blue zone), charging is not hot or cold to charge. possible. Allow the Li-ion battery to cool or warm up before charging. See “Li-ion battery temperature gauge” in the “2. Instruments and controls” section. The Li-ion battery can be charged if the vehicle electrical systems can not be turned on. If the The 12-volt battery is discharged. 12-volt battery is discharged, charge or jump start the 12-volt battery. See “Jump starting” in the “6. In case of emergency” section. The vehicle has a malfunction. The vehicle or charger may have a malfunction. Confirm if the warning light on the meter is illuminated. Confirm if the indicator on the charger is indicating a malfunction . If a warning is displayed, stop charging and contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. There is no electrical power coming from the Confirm that there has not been a power failure. Make sure the breaker is on. If an outlet with a outlet. timer device installed is used, power will only be available at the time set by the timer. Normal charge or trickle charge cannot be per- The electrical plug is not connected correctly. Confirm the electrical plug is connected correctly (trickle charge only). formed. The charge connector is not connected Confirm the charge connector is connected correctly. correctly. Immediate charge cannot Charging timer has been set. Turn off the charging timer. See “Charging timer” earlier in this section. be performed.CH-30 Charging
  • 76. Symptom Possible cause Possible solution The charge cable is not connected. Connect the charge cable. The time on the clock is wrong. The charging timer function does not start charging based on the clock located on the upper display. Confirm that the date and time shown on the charging timer screen are the same as the GPS time and date. If the 12-volt battery is discharged or if the Li-ion battery is disconnected, the time setting must be updated. There must be a GPS signal to adjust the timer setting clock. The immediate charge switch has been Charging timer does not operate when immediate charge is selected. pushed. Charging timer has not been set. Set the charging timer schedule. See “Charging timer” earlier in this section.Charging timer cannot be Charging does not start because the char- performed. ging timer start time and end time are set and the current time is before the set start time. Charging does not start because only the Confirm when the charging timer time is set to start charging. Change the charging timer charging timer start time is set and the setting to the desired charge time or press the immediate charge button. See “Charging timer” current time is after the set start time. earlier in this section. Charging does not start because only the charging timer end time is set and the current time is after the set end time. Charging does not start because the charge When the charge percentage in the charging timer is set to 80%, the Li-ion battery cannot be amount has been set to 80% and the Li-ion charged more than 80%. Confirm the charge percentage set in the charging timer. Change battery is already charged to more than 80%. the charging percentage the desired charge setting. The charge cable is not connected. Connect the charge cable beforehand. Confirm that there is a cellular signal in your location. Remote charge can not be started unlessRemote charge cannot be the web enabled smart phone can connect to the internet. performed. Communication with the vehicle cannot be Confirm that there is a cellular signal at the vehicle location. established. If the power switch is in the OFF position for more than 2 weeks, the remote charge function can no longer be used until power switch is in ON position. Charging CH-31
  • 77. Symptom Possible cause Possible solution There is no power coming from the outlet. There may have been a electrical power failure, or the breaker may have failed. Charging will resume when the power source is reset. The charge cable has been disconnected. Check that the charge cable has not been disconnected. The release switch has been pressed. If the charge connector button is pressed for a long period of time, charging will be stopped. Both the normal charge connector and the If the normal charge connector and the quick charge connector are connected at the sameNormal charge stops in the quick charge connector were connected at time, charging will be stopped. middle of charging. the same time. Charging timer end time has been reached. When charging timer is set and the charge end time is reached, charging will be stopped, even if the Li-ion battery is not fully charged. The temperature of the Li-ion battery is too Confirm the Li-ion battery temperature by checking the Li-ion battery temperature gauge. If the hot or too cold to charge. gauge indicates the Li-ion battery is too hot (red zone) or too cold (blue zone), charging is not possible. Allow the Li-ion battery to cool or warm up before charging. See “Li-ion battery temperature gauge” in the “2. Instruments and controls” section. Incorrect charge connector connection, not Check that the charge connector is connected correctly and that it is locked. fully inserted or may not be locked. Quick charge cannot be The self-diagnostic function of the quick There is a possibility that the vehicle has a malfunction. Stop charging and contact a NISSAN performed. charge device returns a negative result. certified LEAF dealer. The power switch of the quick charger is off. Check the power switch of the quick charger. Charging will stop depending on the timer function setting of the quick charge device. If you Charging is stopped by the quick charge need to charge the Li-ion battery more, start the charging procedure again. timer. The maximum time for quick charge is 60 minutes. If you need to charge the Li-ion battery for Quick charge stops in the longer than this, start the charging procedure again. middle of charging When charging has been started when the Li-ion battery capacity is less than half, charging Charging stops at 90% capacity. will stop when the capacity reaches 90%. If you need to charge the Li-ion battery more than 90%, start the charging procedure again. The power supply for the quick charger is off. Check whether the power supply for the quick charger is off.CH-32 Charging
  • 78. 1 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supple- mental restraint systemSeats ........................................................................................... 1-2 Rear-facing child restraint installation using the Front seats ........................................................................... 1-3 seat belts ......................................................................... 1-25 Rear seats ........................................................................... 1-4 Forward-facing child restraint installation Head restraints ................................................................... 1-4 using latch ...................................................................... 1-27 Adjustable headrests ......................................................... 1-7 Forward-facing child restraint installation using the seat belts ......................................................................... 1-29Seat belts ................................................................................ 1-10 Installing top tether strap ............................................ 1-32 Precautions on seat belt usage ................................... 1-10 Booster seats ........................................................................ 1-33 Pregnant women ............................................................. 1-12 Precautions on booster seats .................................... 1-33 Injured persons ................................................................ 1-12 Booster seat installation .............................................. 1-34 Three-point type seat belt with retractor .................. 1-12 Supplemental restraint system .......................................... 1-36 Seat belt extenders ......................................................... 1-16 Precautions on supplemental restraint system ...... 1-36 Seat belt maintenance ................................................... 1-16 NISSAN Advanced Air Bag SystemChild safety ............................................................................. 1-17 (front seats) .................................................................... 1-42 Infants ................................................................................. 1-17 Front seat-mounted side-impact supplemental Small children ................................................................... 1-18 air bag and roof-mounted curtain side-impact Larger children ................................................................. 1-18 supplemental air bag systems ................................... 1-47Child restraints ....................................................................... 1-19 Seat belts with pretensioners (front seats) ............ 1-49 Precautions on child restraints .................................... 1-19 Supplemental air bag warning labels ...................... 1-50 Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHildren System Supplemental air bag warning light ......................... 1-50 (LATCH) ........................................................................... 1-20 Repair and replacement procedure ......................... 1-51 Rear-facing child restraint installation using latch ... 1-23
  • 79. SEATS . The seatback should not be reclined any more than needed for comfort. Seat belts are most effective when the passenger sits well back and straight up in the seat. If the seat- back is reclined, the risk of sliding under the lap belt and being injured is increased. CAUTION When adjusting the seat positions, be sure not to contact any moving parts to avoid possible injuries and/or damage. well back in the seat with both feet WARNING on the floor and adjust the seat . Do not ride in a moving vehicle properly. See “Precautions on seat when the seatback is reclined. This belt usage” later in this section. can be dangerous. The shoulder belt . After adjustment, gently rock in the will not be against your body. In an seat to make sure it is securely accident, you could be thrown into it locked. and receive neck or other serious . Do not leave children unattended injuries. You could also slide under inside the vehicle. They could un- the lap belt and receive serious knowingly activate switches or con- internal injuries. trols. Unattended children could . For the most effective protection become involved in serious acci- when the vehicle is in motion, the dents. seat should be upright. Always sit1-2 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 80. FRONT SEATS The reclining feature allows adjustment of the Seat lifter (for driver’s seat): seatback for occupants of different sizes for Turn the dial to adjust the seat height to theFront manual seat adjustment added comfort and to help obtain proper seat preferred position.Forward and backward: belt fit. See “Precautions on seat belt usage”Pull the lever * up and hold it while sliding the 1 later in this section. Also, the seatback can beseat forward or backward to the preferred reclined to allow occupants to rest when theposition. Release the lever to lock the seat in vehicle is stopped and the vehicle is in the Pposition. (Park) position or N (Neutral) position with the parking brake applied.Reclining:To recline the seatback, pull the lever * up and 2lean back. To bring the seatback forward, pullthe lever up and lean your body forward. Releasethe lever to lock the seatback in position. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-3
  • 81. . Properly secure all cargo with ropes or straps to help prevent it from sliding or shifting. Do not place cargo higher than the seatbacks. In a sudden stop or collision, unse- cured cargo could cause personal injury. . When returning the seatbacks to the upright position, be certain they are completely secured in the latched position. If they are not completely secured, passengers may be injured in an accident or sudden stop.REAR SEATS WARNING HEAD RESTRAINTSFoldingBefore folding the rear seats: . Do not fold down the rear seats WARNING when occupants are in the rear seat. Secure the seat belts on the seat belt hooks area or any objects are on the rear Head restraints supplement the other located on the side wall. See “Seat belt seats. vehicle safety systems. They may pro- hooks ” later in this section. vide additional protection against injury . Never allow anyone to ride in theTo fold down the seatback, pull the release in certain rear end collisions. Adjust the cargo area or on the rear seatsknob. head restraints properly, as specified in when they are in the folded-downTo return the seatback to the seating position, lift position. Use of these areas by this section. Check the adjustment afterup each seatback and push it to the upright passengers without proper re- someone else uses the seat. Do notposition until it is latched. straints could result in serious injury attach anything to the head restraint in an accident or sudden stop. stalks or remove the head restraint. Do not use the seat if the head restraint1-4 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 82. has been removed. If the head restraintwas removed, reinstall and properlyadjust the head restraint before anoccupant uses the seating position.Failure to follow these instructionscan reduce the effectiveness of thehead restraints. This may increase therisk of serious injury or death in acollision. The illustration shows the seating positions Components equipped with head restraints. The head re- straints are adjustable. 1. Head restraint Indicates the seating position is equipped 2. Adjustment notches with a head restraint. 3. Lock knob 4. Stalks Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-5
  • 83. To raise the head restraint, pull it up. To lower, push and hold the lock knob and pushAdjustment the head restraint down.Adjust the head restraint so the center is levelwith the center of your ears.1-6 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 84. ADJUSTABLE HEADRESTS WARNING The adjustable headrests supplement the other vehicle safety systems. They may provide additional protection against injury in certain rear end colli- sions. Adjust the headrest properly, as specified in this section. Check the adjustment after someone else uses the seat. Do not attach anything to the adjustable headrest stalks or remove the adjustable headrest. Do not use the seat if the adjustable headrest hasRemoval Install been removed. If the adjustable head-Use the following procedure to remove the 1. Align the head restraint stalks with the holes rest was removed, reinstall and prop-adjustable head restraints. in the seat. Make sure that the head restraint erly adjust the headrest before an1. Pull the head restraint up to the highest is facing the correct direction. The stalk with occupant uses the seating position. position. the adjustment notches * must be installed 1 Failure to follow these instructions in the hole with the lock knob * 2 . can reduce the effectiveness of the2. Push and hold the lock knob. 2. Push and hold the lock knob and push the adjustable headrests. This may in-3. Remove the head restraint from the seat. crease the risk of serious injury or head restraint down.4. Store the head restraint properly in a secure death in a collision. 3. Properly adjust the head restraint before an place so it is not loose in the vehicle. occupant uses the seating position.5. Reinstall and properly adjust the head restraint before an occupant uses the seating position. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-7
  • 85. The illustration shows the seating positions Components Adjustmentequipped with adjustable headrests. 1. Adjustable headrest To raise the headrest, pull it up.& Indicates the seating position is equippedwith an adjustable headrest. 2. Adjustment notch 3. Lock knob 4. Stalks1-8 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 86. To lower, push and hold the lock knob and push Removal Installthe headrest down. Use the following procedure to remove the 1. Align the headrest stalks with the holes in adjustable headrests. the seat. Make sure that the headrest is 1. Pull the headrest up to the highest position. facing the correct direction. The stalk with the adjustment notch * must be installed in 1 the hole with the lock knob * . 2. Push and hold the lock knob. 2 3. Remove the headrest from the seat. 2. Push and hold the lock knob and push the 4. Store the headrest properly in a secure headrest down. place so it is not loose in the vehicle. 3. Properly adjust the headrest before an 5. Reinstall and properly adjust the headrest. occupant uses the seating position. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-9
  • 87. SEAT BELTSPRECAUTIONS ON SEAT BELTUSAGEIf you are wearing your seat belt properlyadjusted, and you are sitting upright and wellback in your seat with both feet on the floor, yourchances of being injured or killed in an accidentand/or the severity of injury may be greatlyreduced. NISSAN strongly encourages you andall of your passengers to buckle up every timeyou drive, even if your seating position includes asupplemental air bag.Most U.S. states and Canadian provincesor territories specify that seat belts beworn at all times when a vehicle is beingdriven.1-10 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 88. . Be sure the seat belt tongue is WARNING securely fastened to the proper. Every person who drives or rides in buckle. this vehicle should use a seat belt at . Do not wear the seat belt inside out all times. Children should be prop- or twisted. Doing so may reduce its erly restrained in the rear seat and, effectiveness. if appropriate, in a child restraint. . Do not allow more than one person. The seat belt should be properly to use the same seat belt. adjusted to a snug fit. Failure to do . Never carry more people in the so may reduce the effectiveness of vehicle than there are seat belts. the entire restraint system and in- crease the chance or severity of . If the seat belt warning light glows injury in an accident. Serious injury continuously while the power switch or death can occur if the seat belt is is turned ON with all doors closed not worn properly. and all seat belts fastened, it may indicate a malfunction in the sys-. Always route the shoulder belt over tem. Have the system checked by a your shoulder and across your NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. chest. Never put the belt behind your back, under your arm or across . No changes should be made to the your neck. The belt should be away seat belt system. For example, do from your face and neck, but not not modify the seat belt, add mate- falling off your shoulder. rial, or install devices that may change the seat belt routing or. Position the lap belt as low and tension. Doing so may affect the snug as possible AROUND THE operation of the seat belt system. HIPS, NOT THE WAIST. A lap belt Modifying or tampering with the worn too high could increase the seat belt system may result in risk of internal injuries in an acci- serious personal injury. dent. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-11
  • 89. . Once a seat belt pretensioner has commendations. The child restraints . Do not ride in a moving vehicle activated, it cannot be reused and should be replaced if they are when the seatback is reclined. This must be replaced together with the damaged. can be dangerous. The shoulder belt retractor. See a NISSAN certified will not be against your body. In an LEAF dealer. accident, you could be thrown into it PREGNANT WOMEN and receive neck or other serious . Removal and installation of the NISSAN recommends that pregnant women use injuries. You could also slide under pretensioner system components seat belts. The seat belt should be worn snug, the lap belt and receive serious should be done by a NISSAN certi- and always position the lap belt as low as internal injuries. fied LEAF dealer. possible around the hips, not the waist. Place . All seat belt assemblies, including . For the most effective protection the shoulder belt over your shoulder and across retractors and attaching hardware, when the vehicle is in motion, the your chest. Never put the lap/shoulder belt over should be inspected after any colli- seat should be upright. Always sit your abdominal area. Contact your doctor for sion by a NISSAN certified LEAF well back in the seat with both feet specific recommendations. dealer. NISSAN recommends that on the floor and adjust the seat belt all seat belt assemblies in use INJURED PERSONS properly. during a collision be replaced un- NISSAN recommends that injured persons use . Do not allow children to play with less the collision was minor and the seat belts, depending on the injury. Check with the seat belts. Most seating posi- belts show no damage and continue your doctor for specific recommendations. tions are equipped with Automatic to operate properly. Seat belt as- Locking Retractor (ALR) mode seat semblies not in use during a colli- THREE-POINT TYPE SEAT BELT belts. If the seat belt becomes sion should also be inspected and WITH RETRACTOR wrapped around a child’s neck with replaced if either damage or impro- the ALR mode activated, the child per operation is noted. WARNING can be seriously injured or killed if . All child restraints and attaching the seat belt retracts and becomes hardware should be inspected after . Every person who drives or rides in tight. This can occur even if the any collision. Always follow the this vehicle should use a seat belt at vehicle is parked. Unbuckle the seat restraint manufacturer’s inspection all times. belt to release the child. If the seat instructions and replacement re- belt can not be unbuckled or is already unbuckled, release the child1-12 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 90. by cutting the seat belt with a suitable tool (such as a knife or scissors) to release the seat belt.Fastening the seat belts1. Adjust the seat. See “Seats” earlier in this section. 2. Slowly pull the seat belt out of the retractor 3. Position the lap belt portion low and snug and insert the tongue into the buckle until on the hips as shown. you hear and feel the latch engage. 4. Pull the shoulder belt portion toward the . The retractor is designed to lock retractor to take up extra slack. Be sure the during a sudden stop or on impact. A shoulder belt is routed over your shoulder slow pulling motion permits the belt and across your chest. to move and allows you some free- The front passenger seat and the rear seating dom of movement in the seat. positions three-point seat belts have two modes . If the seat belt cannot be pulled of operation: from its fully retracted position, firmly pull the belt and release it. . Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR) Then smoothly pull the belt out of . Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR) the retractor. The Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR) mode allows the seat belt to extend and retract to allow the driver and passengers some freedom Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-13
  • 91. of movement in the seat. The ELR locks the seat To increase your confidence in the seat belts,belt when the vehicle slows down rapidly or check the operation as follows:during certain impacts. . Grasp the shoulder belt and pull forwardThe Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR) mode quickly. The retractor should lock and(child restraint mode) locks the seat belt for restrict further belt movement.child restraint installation. If the retractor does not lock during this check orWhen ALR mode is activated the seat belt if you have any questions about seat beltcannot be extended again until the seat belt operation, see a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer.tongue is detached from the buckle and fullyretracted. The seat belt returns to the ELR modeafter the seat belt fully retracts. For additionalinformation, see “Child restraints” later in thissection.The ALR mode should be used only forchild restraint installation. During normal Unfastening the seat beltsseat belt use by an occupant, the ALR To unfasten the seat belt, push the button on themode should not be activated. If it is buckle. The seat belt automatically retracts.activated, it may cause uncomfortable seatbelt tension. Checking seat belt operation Seat belt retractors are designed to lock seat WARNING belt movement by two separate methods: . When the belt is pulled quickly from the When fastening the seat belts, be retractor. certain that seatbacks are completely secured in the latched position. If they . When the vehicle slows down rapidly. are not completely secured, passengers may be injured in an accident or sudden stop.1-14 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 92. WARNING . After adjustment, release the ad- justment button and then try to move the shoulder belt anchor up and down to make sure that it is securely fixed in position. . The shoulder belt anchor height should be adjusted to the position that is best for you. Failure to do so may reduce the effectiveness of the entire restraint system and increase the chance or severity of injury in an accident.Shoulder belt height adjustment (for Seat belt hooksfront seats) When the rear seat belts are not in use andThe shoulder belt anchor height should be when folding down the rear seats, hook the rearadjusted to the position that is best for you. outer seat belts on the seat belt hooks.See “Precautions on seat belt usage” earlier inthis section.To adjust, pull the adjustment button *, and 1then move the shoulder belt anchor to thepreferred position * so that the belt passes 2over the center of the shoulder. The belt shouldbe away from your face and neck, but not fallingoff of your shoulder. Release the adjustmentbutton to lock the shoulder belt anchor intoposition. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-15
  • 93. the driver or front passenger seating position. SEAT BELT MAINTENANCE See a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer for . To clean the seat belt webbing, apply a assistance with purchasing an extender if an mild soap solution or any solution recom- extender is required. mended for cleaning upholstery or carpets. Then wipe with a cloth and allow the seat WARNING belts to dry in the shade. Do not allow the seat belts to retract until they are completely . Only NISSAN seat belt extenders, dry. made by the same company which made the original equipment seat . If dirt builds up in the shoulder belt belts, should be used with NISSAN guide of the seat belt anchors, the seat seat belts. belts may retract slowly. Wipe the shoulder belt guide with a clean, dry cloth. . Adults and children who can use the standard seat belt should not use an . Periodically check to see that the seat extender. Such unnecessary use belt and the metal components, such asCenter of rear seat buckles, tongues, retractors, flexible wires could result in serious personalSelecting correct set of seat belts: injury in the event of an accident. and anchors, work properly. If loose parts,The center seat belt buckle is identified by the deterioration, cuts or other damage on the . Never use seat belt extenders toCENTER mark *. The center seat belt tongue A webbing is found, the entire seat belt install child restraints. If the childcan be fastened only into the center seat belt assembly should be replaced. restraint is not secured properly, thebuckle. child could be seriously injured in aSEAT BELT EXTENDERS collision or a sudden stop.If, because of body size or driving position, it isnot possible to properly fit the lap-shoulder beltand fasten it, an extender that is compatible withthe installed seat belts is available that can bepurchased. The extender adds approximately 8in (200 mm) of length and may be used for either1-16 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 94. CHILD SAFETY There are three basic types of child restraint All U.S. states and Canadian provinces or WARNING systems: territories require the use of approved child . Rear-facing child restraint restraints for infants and small children. See Do not allow children to play with the “Child restraints” later in this section. seat belts. Most seating positions are . Front-facing child restraint A child restraint may be secured in the vehicle equipped with Automatic Locking Re- . Booster seat by using either the LATCH (Lower Anchor and tractor (ALR) mode seat belts. If the The proper restraint depends on the child’s size. Tethers for Children) system or with the vehicle seat belt becomes wrapped around a Generally, infants (up to about 1 year and less seat belt. For more information, see “Child child’s neck with the ALR mode acti- than 20 lb (9 kg)) should be placed in rear- restraints” later in this section. vated, the child can be seriously injured facing child restraints. Front-facing child re- or killed if the seat belt retracts and NISSAN recommends that all pre-teens straints are available for children who outgrow and children be restrained in the rear seat. becomes tight. This can occur even if rear-facing child restraints and are at least 1 the vehicle is parked. Unbuckle the seat According to accident statistics, children year old. Booster seats are used to help position are safer when properly restrained in the belt to release the child. If the seat belt a vehicle lap/shoulder belt on a child who can no can not be unbuckled or is already rear seat than in the front seat. longer use a front-facing child restraint. unbuckled, release the child by cutting This is especially important because your the seat belt with a suitable tool (such vehicle has a supplemental restraint sys- as a knife or scissors) to release the WARNING tem (air bag system) for the front passen- seat belt. ger. See “Supplemental restraint system” Infants and children need special pro- later in this section. tection. The vehicle’s seat belts may notChildren need adults to help protect them. fit them properly. The shoulder belt may INFANTSThey need to be properly restrained. come too close to the face or neck. The Infants up to at least 1 year old should be placedIn addition to the general information in this lap belt may not fit over their small hip in a rear-facing child restraint. NISSAN recom-manual, child safety information is available from bones. In an accident, an improperly mends that infants be placed in child restraintsmany other sources, including doctors, teachers, fitting seat belt could cause serious or that comply with Federal Motor Vehicle Safetygovernment traffic safety offices, and community fatal injury. Always use appropriate Standards or Canadian Motor Vehicle Safetyorganizations. Every child is different, so be sure child restraints. Standards. You should choose a child restraintto learn the best way to transport your child. that fits your vehicle and always follow the manufacturer’s instructions for installation and Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-17
  • 95. use. commercially available booster seat if the shoulder belt in the child’s seating position fitsSMALL CHILDREN close to the face or neck or if the lap portion ofChildren that are over 1 year old and weigh at the seat belt goes across the abdomen. Theleast 20 lbs (9 kg) should remain in a rear-facing booster seat should raise the child so that thechild restraint as long as possible up to the shoulder belt is properly positioned across theheight or weight limit of the child restraint. top, middle portion of the shoulder and the lapForward-facing child restraints are available for belt is low on the hips. A booster seat can onlychildren who outgrow rear facing child restraints be used in seating positions that have a three-and are at least 1 years old. Refer to the point type seat belt. The booster seat should fitmanufacturer’s instructions for minimum and the vehicle seat and have a label certifying that itmaximum weight and height recommendations. complies with Federal Motor Vehicle SafetyNISSAN recommends that small children be Standards or Canadian Motor Vehicle Safetyplaced in child restraints that comply with Standards. Once the child has grown so theFederal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards or shoulder belt is no longer on or near the faceCanadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. You and neck, use the shoulder belt without theshould choose a child restraint that fits your booster seat.vehicle and always follow the manufacturer’sinstructions for installation and use. WARNINGLARGER CHILDREN Never let a child stand or kneel on anyChildren who are too large for child restraints seat and do not allow a child in theshould be seated and restrained by the seat cargo areas. The child could be ser-belts which are provided. The seat belt may not iously injured or killed in an accident orfit properly if the child is less than 4 ft 9 in (142.5 sudden stop.cm) tall and weighs between 40 lb (18 kg) and80 lb (36 kg). A booster seat should be used toobtain proper seat belt fit.NISSAN recommends that a child be placed in a1-18 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 96. CHILD RESTRAINTSPRECAUTIONS ON CHILD RE- restrained in the rear seat than — Keep seatbacks as upright as in the front seat. If you must possible after fitting the childSTRAINTS install a forward-facing child restraint. restraint in the front seat, see WARNING — Infants and children should al- later in this section. ways be placed in an appropri- . Failure to follow the warnings and — Even with the NISSAN Advanced ate child restraint while in the instructions for proper use and in- Air Bag System, never install a vehicle. stallation of child restraints could rear-facing child restraint in the . When the child restraint is not in result in serious injury or death of a front seat. An inflating air bag use, keep it secured with the LATCH child or other passengers in a could seriously injure or kill a system or a seat belt. In a sudden sudden stop or collision: child. A rear-facing child re- stop or collision, loose objects can — The child restraint must be used straint must only be used in the injure occupants or damage the and installed properly. Always rear seat. vehicle. follow all of the child restraint — Be sure to purchase a child manufacturer’s instructions for restraint that will fit the child installation and use. and vehicle. Some child re- CAUTION — Infants and children should straints may not fit properly in never be held on anyone’s lap. your vehicle. A child restraint in a closed vehicle can Even the strongest adult cannot — Child restraint anchor points are become very hot. Check the seating resist the forces of a collision. designed to withstand loads surface and buckles before placing a from child restraints that are child in the child restraint. — Do not put a seat belt around both a child and another pas- properly fitted. senger. — Never use the anchor points for This vehicle is equipped with a universal child adult seat belts or harnesses. restraint anchor system, referred to as the — NISSAN recommends that all LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHil- child restraints be installed in — A child restraint with a top tether dren) system. Some child restraints include rigid the rear seat. Studies show that strap should not be used in the or webbing-mounted attachments that can be children are safer when properly front passenger seat. connected to these anchors. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-19
  • 97. For details, see “Lower Anchors and Tethers for restraints be secured to the designatedCHildren System (LATCH) ” later in this section. anchor point on the vehicle.If you do not have a LATCH compatible childrestraint, the vehicle seat belts can be used.Several manufacturers offer child restraints forinfants and small children of various sizes. Whenselecting any child restraint, keep the followingpoints in mind:. Choose only a restraint with a label certifying that it complies with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 213 or Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 213.. Check the child restraint in your vehicle to be sure it is compatible with the vehicle’s seat and seat belt system. Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHildren System (LATCH). If the child restraint is compatible with your vehicle, place your child in the child restraint Your vehicle is equipped with special anchor and check the various adjustments to be points that are used with Lower Anchors and sure the child restraint is compatible with Tethers for CHildren System (LATCH) compa- your child. Choose a child restraint that is tible child restraints. This system may also be designed for your child’s height and weight. referred to as the ISOFIX or ISOFIX compatible Always follow all recommended procedures. system. With this system, you do not have to use a vehicle seat belt to secure the child restraint.All U.S. states and Canadian provinces orterritories require that infants and smallchildren be restrained in an approved childrestraint at all times while the vehicle isbeing operated. Canadian law requires thetop tether strap on front-facing child1-20 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 98. LATCH lower anchor WARNING Failure to follow the warnings and instructions for proper use and installa- tion of child restraints could result in serious injury or death of a child or other passengers in a sudden stop or collision: . Attach LATCH system compatible child restraints only at the locations shown in the illustration. . Do not secure a child restraint in the LATCH lower anchor location LATCH webbing-mounted attachment center rear seating position using LATCH lower anchor location Installing child restraint LATCH the LATCH lower anchors. The child The LATCH anchors are located at the rear of lower anchor attachments restraint will not be secured prop- the seat cushion near the seatback. A label is LATCH compatible child restraints include two erly. attached to the seatback to help you locate the rigid or webbing-mounted attachments that can . Inspect the lower anchors by insert- LATCH anchors. be connected to two anchors located at certain ing your fingers into the lower seating positions in your vehicle. With this anchor area. Feel to make sure system, you do not have to use a vehicle seat there are no obstructions over the belt to secure the child restraint. Check your anchors such as seat belt webbing child restraint for a label stating that it is or seat cushion material. The child compatible with the LATCH system. This in- restraint will not be secured prop- formation may also be in the instructions erly if the lower anchors are ob- provided by the child restraint manufacturer. structed. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-21
  • 99. mage the top tether strap during a collision. Your child could be ser- iously injured or killed in a collision if the child restraint top tether strap is damaged. . Do not allow cargo to contact the top tether strap when it is attached to the top tether anchor. Properly secure the cargo so it does not contact the top tether strap. Cargo that is not properly secured or that contacts the top tether strap may damage the top tether strap during LATCH rigid-mounted attachment a collision. Your child could beWhen installing a child restraint, carefully read seriously injured or killed in a colli- Top tether anchor point locations:and follow the instructions in this manual and sion if the child restraint top tether Anchor points are located on the back side ofthose supplied with the child restraint. strap is damaged. the seatbacks. The child restraint top tether strap must be usedTop tether anchor when installing child restraints with the LATCH lower anchor attachments or seat belts. WARNING If you have any questions when installing a . If the cargo cover contacts the top top tether strap, consult your NISSAN tether strap when it is attached to certified LEAF dealer for details. the top tether anchor, remove the cargo cover from the vehicle or secure it on the cargo floor below its attachment location. If the cargo cover is not removed, it may da-1-22 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 100. REAR-FACING CHILD RESTRAINTINSTALLATION USING LATCHRefer to all Warnings and Cautions in “Childsafety” and “Child restraints” earlier in thissection before installing a child restraint.Follow these steps to install a rear-facing childrestraint using the LATCH system1. Position the child restraint on the seat. Always follow the child restraint manufac- turer’s instructions. Rear-facing (webbing-mounted) — step 2 Rear-facing (rigid-mounted) — step 2 2. Secure the child restraint anchor attach- ments to the LATCH lower anchors. Check to make sure that the LATCH attachment is properly attached to the lower anchors. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-23
  • 101. 5. Check to make sure that the child restraint is properly secured prior to each use. If the child restraint is loose, repeat steps 2 through 4. Rear-facing — step 3 Rear-facing — step 43. For child restraints that are equipped with 4. After attaching the child restraint, test it webbing-mounted attachments, remove any before you place the child in it. Push it from additional slack from the anchor attach- side to side while holding the seat near the ments. Press downward and rearward firmly LATCH attachment path. The child restraint in the center of the child restraint with your should not move more than 1 inch (25 mm) hand to compress the vehicle seat cushion from side to side. Try to tug it forward and and seatback while tightening the webbing check to see if the LATCH attachment holds of the anchor attachments. the restraint in place. If the restraint is not secure, tighten the LATCH attachment as necessary, or put the restraint on another seat and test it again. You may need to try a different child restraint. Not all child re- straints fit in all types of vehicles.1-24 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 102. Refer to all Warnings and Cautions in “Child safety” and “Child restraints” earlier in this section before installing a child restraint. Follow these steps to install a rear-facing child restraint using the vehicle seat belt in the rear seat: Rear facing - step 1REAR-FACING CHILD RESTRAINT 1. Child restraints for infants must beINSTALLATION USING THE SEAT used in the rear-facing direction andBELTS therefore must not be used in the front seat. WARNING Position the child restraint on the seat. Always follow the restraint manufacturer’s The three-point seat belt with Auto- instructions. matic Locking Retractor (ALR) must be used when installing a child restraint. Failure to use the ALR mode will result in the child restraint not being properly secured. The restraint could tip over or be loose and cause injury to a child in a sudden stop or collision. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-25
  • 103. Rear-facing — step 2 Rear-facing — step 3 Rear-facing — step 42. Route the seat belt tongue through the child 3. Pull the shoulder belt until the belt is fully 4. Allow the seat belt to retract. Pull up on the restraint and insert it into the buckle until you extended. At this time, the seat belt retractor shoulder belt to remove any slack in the belt. hear and feel the latch engage. Be sure to is in the Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR) follow the child restraint manufacturer’s mode (child restraint mode). It reverts to the instructions for belt routing. Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR) mode when the seat belt is fully retracted.1-26 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 104. 7. Check to make sure that the child restraint is properly secured prior to each use. If the seat belt is not locked, repeat steps 1 through 6. After the child restraint is removed and the seat belt fully retracted, the ALR mode (child restraint mode) is canceled. FORWARD-FACING CHILD RE- STRAINT INSTALLATION USING LATCH Refer to all Warnings and Cautions in “Child safety” and “Child restraints” earlier in this Rear-facing — step 5 Rear-facing — step 6 section before installing a child restraint.5. Remove any additional slack from the child 6. After attaching the child restraint, test it Follow these steps to install a front-facing child restraint. Press downward and rearward before you place the child in it. Push it from restraint using the LATCH system. firmly in the center of the child restraint with side to side while holding the child restraint 1. Position the child restraint on the seat. your hand to compress the vehicle seat near the seat belt path. The child restraint Always follow the child restraint manufac- cushion and seatback while pulling up on should not move more than 1 inch (25 mm), turer’s instructions. the seat belt. from side to side. Try to tug it forward and check to see if the belt holds the restraint in place. If the restraint is not secure, tighten the seat belt as necessary, or put the restraint in another seat and test it again. You may need to try a different child restraint. Not all child restraints fit in all types of vehicles. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-27
  • 105. Front-facing (webbing-mounted) — step 2 Front-facing (rigid-mounted) — step 2 Front-facing — step 42. Secure the child restraint anchor attach- 3. The back of the child restraint should be 4. For child restraints that are equipped with ments to the LATCH lower anchors. Check secured against the seatback. webbing-mounted attachments, remove any to make sure that the LATCH attachment is If necessary, remove the headrest to obtain additional slack from the anchor attach- properly attached to the lower anchors. the correct child restraint fit. If the headrest ments. Press downward and rearward firmly If the child restraint is equipped with a top is removed, store it in a secure place. Be in the center of the child restraint with your tether strap, route the top tether strap and sure to reinstall the headrest when the knee to compress the vehicle seat cushion secure the tether strap to the tether anchor child restraint is removed. See “Adjus- and seatback while tightening the webbing point. See “Installing top tether strap” later in table headrests” earlier in this section for of the anchor attachments. this section. Do not install child restraints headrest adjustment information. 5. Tighten the tether strap according to the that require the use of a top tether strap in If the seating position does not have an manufacturer’s instructions to remove any seating positions that do not have a top adjustable headrest and it is interfering with slack. tether anchor. the proper child restraint fit, try another seating position or a different child restraint.1-28 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 106. 7. Check to make sure the child restraint is properly secured prior to each use. If the child restraint is loose, repeat steps 1 through 6. FORWARD-FACING CHILD RE- STRAINT INSTALLATION USING THE SEAT BELTS WARNING The three-point seat belt with Auto- matic Locking Retractor (ALR) must be used when installing a child restraint. Front-facing — step 6 Front-facing (front passenger seat) — step 1 Failure to use the ALR mode will result6. After attaching the child restraint, test it in the child restraint not being properly Refer to all Warnings and Cautions in “Child before you place the child in it. Push it from secured. The restraint could tip over or safety” and “Child restraints” earlier in this side to side while holding the child restraint be loose and cause injury to a child in a section before installing a child restraint. near the LATCH attachment path. The child sudden stop or collision. Also, it can Follow these steps to install a front-facing child restraint should not move more than 1 inch change the operation of the front restraint using the vehicle seat belt in the rear (25 mm), from side to side. Try to tug it passenger air bag. See “Front passen- seat or in the front passenger seat: forward and check to see if the LATCH ger air bag and status light” later in this 1. If you must install a child restraint in attachment holds the restraint in place. If the section. the front seat, it should be placed in the restraint is not secure, tighten the LATCH front-facing direction only. Move the attachment as necessary, or put the restraint seat to the rearmost position. Child in another seat and test it again. You may restraints for infants must be used in need to try a different child restraint. Not all the rear-facing direction and therefore child restraints fit in all types of vehicles. must not be used in the front seat. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-29
  • 107. 2. Position the child restraint on the seat. Always follow the child restraint manufac- turer’s instructions. The back of the child restraint should be secured against the seatback. If necessary, adjust the head restraint (front passenger seat only) or remove the head restraint/headrest to obtain the correct child restraint fit. If the head restraint or headrest is removed, store it in a secure place. Be sure to reinstall the head restraint or headrest when the child restraint is removed. See “Head restraints” earlier in this section and “Adjustable headrests” Front-facing — step 3 Front-facing — step 4 earlier in this section for head restraint or 3. Route the seat belt tongue through the child 4. Pull the shoulder belt until the belt is fully headrest adjustment, removal and installa- restraint and insert it into the buckle until you extended. At this time, the seat belt retractor tion information. hear and feel the latch engage. Be sure to is in the Automatic Locking Retractor (ALR) If the seating position does not have a follow the child restraint manufacturer’s mode (child restraint mode). It reverts to the removable head restraint/headrest and it is instructions for belt routing. Emergency Locking Retractor (ELR) mode interfering with the proper child restraint fit, If the child restraint is equipped with a top when the seat belt is fully retracted. try another seating position or a different tether strap, route the top tether strap and child restraint. secure the tether strap to the tether anchor point (rear seat installation only). See “Installing top tether strap” later in this section. Do not install child restraints that require the use of a top tether strap in seating positions that do not have a top tether anchor.1-30 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 108. Front-facing — step 5 Front-facing — step 6 Front-facing — step 85. Allow the seat belt to retract. Pull up on the 6. Remove any additional slack from the seat 8. After attaching the child restraint, test it shoulder belt to remove any slack in the belt. belt. Press downward and rearward firmly in before you place the child in it. Push it from the center of the child restraint with your side to side while holding the child restraint knee to compress the vehicle seat cushion near the seat belt path. The child restraint and seatback while pulling up on the seat should not move more than 1 inch (25 mm) belt. from side to side. Try to tug it forward and 7. Tighten the tether strap according to the check to see if the belt holds the restraint in manufacturer’s instructions to remove any place. If the restraint is not secure, tighten slack. the seat belt as necessary, or put the restraint in another seat and test it again. You may need to try a different child restraint. Not all child restraints fit in all types of vehicles. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-31
  • 109. 9. Check to make sure the child restraint is properly secured prior to each use. If the seat belt is not locked, repeat steps 2 through 8.10. If the child restraint is installed on the front passenger seat, push the power switch to the ON position. The front passenger air bag status light should illuminate. If this light does not illuminate, see “Front passen- ger air bag and status light” later in this section. Move the child restraint to another seating position. Have the sys- tem checked by a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. After the child restraint is removed and the seat INSTALLING TOP TETHER STRAP belt is fully retracted, the ALR mode (child restraint mode) is canceled. First, secure the child restraint with the LATCH lower anchors (rear outboard seat positions only) or the seat belt, as applicable. 1. Flip up the anchor cover from the anchor point which is located on the back side of the seatbacks. 2. If necessary, raise or remove the headrest to position the top tether strap over the top of the seatback. If the headrest is removed, store it in a secure place. Be sure to reinstall the headrest when the child restraint is removed.1-32 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 110. BOOSTER SEATS See “Adjustable headrests” earlier in this section for headrest adjustment, removal PRECAUTIONS ON BOOSTER and installation information. SEATS Position the top tether strap over the top of the seatback. WARNING3. Secure the tether strap to the tether anchor If a booster seat and seat belt are not point on the seatback. used properly, the risk of a child being4. Refer to the appropriate child restraint injured in a sudden stop or collision installation procedure steps in this section greatly increases: before tightening the tether strap. . Make sure the shoulder portion ofIf you have any questions when installing a the belt is away from the child’s facetop tether strap, consult your NISSAN and neck and the lap portion of thecertified LEAF dealer for details. belt does not cross the stomach. . Make sure the shoulder belt is not Booster seats of various sizes are offered by behind the child or under the child’s several manufacturers. When selecting any arm. booster seat, keep the following points in mind: . A booster seat must only be in- . Choose only a booster seat with a label stalled in a seating position that has certifying that it complies with Federal Motor a lap/shoulder belt. Vehicle Safety Standard 213 or Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 213. . Check the booster seat in your vehicle to be sure it is compatible with the vehicle’s seat and seat belt system. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-33
  • 111. BOOSTER SEAT INSTALLATION CAUTION Do not use the lap/shoulder belt Auto- matic Locking Retractor (ALR) mode when using a booster seat with the seat belts. Refer to all Warnings and Cautions in “Child safety”, “Child restraints” and “Booster seats” earlier in this section before installing a child restraint. Follow these steps to install a booster seat on. Make sure the child’s head will be properly . If the booster seat is compatible with your the rear seat or on the front passenger seat: supported by the booster seat or vehicle vehicle, place your child in the booster seat seat. The seatback must be at or above the and check the various adjustments to be center of the child’s ears. For example, if a sure the booster seat is compatible with low back booster seat * is chosen, the 1 your child. Always follow all recommended vehicle seatback must be at or above the procedures. center of the child’s ears. If the seatback is All U.S. states and Canadian provinces or lower than the center of the child’s ears, a territories require that infants and small high back booster seat * should be used. 2 children be restrained in an approved child restraint at all times while the vehicle is being operated. The instructions in this section apply to booster seat installation in the rear seats or the front passenger seat.1-34 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 112. booster seat. 4. Position the lap portion of the seat belt low and snug on the child’s hips. Be sure to follow the booster seat manufacturer’s instructions for adjusting the seat belt routing. 5. Pull the shoulder belt portion of the seat belt toward the retractor to take up extra slack. Be sure the shoulder belt is positioned across the top, middle portion of the child’s shoulder. Be sure to follow the booster seat manufacturer’s instructions for adjusting the seat belt routing. Front passenger seat Front passenger seat 6. Follow the warnings, cautions and instruc-1. If you must install a booster seat in the If necessary, adjust or remove the head tions for properly fastening a seat belt front seat, move the seat to the rear- restraint or headrest to obtain the correct shown in “Three-point type seat belt with most position. booster seat fit. If the head restraint or retractor” earlier in this section.2. Position the booster seat on the seat. Only headrest is removed, store it in a secure place it in the forward-facing direction. place. Be sure to reinstall the head Always follow the booster seat manufac- restraint or headrest when the booster turer’s instructions. seat is removed. See “Head restraints” earlier in this section or “Adjustable head-3. The booster seat should be positioned on rests” earlier in this section for head restraint the vehicle seat so that it is stable. or headrest adjustment, removal and instal- lation information. If the seating position does not have an adjustable head restraint or headrest and it is interfering with the proper booster seat fit, try another seating position or a different Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-35
  • 113. SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM mental air bag system: This system can help PRECAUTIONS ON SUPPLEMENTAL cushion the impact force to the head of RESTRAINT SYSTEM occupants in front and rear outboard seating This Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) positions in certain side impact collisions. The section contains important information concern- curtain air bags are designed to inflate on the ing the following systems. side where the vehicle is impacted. . Driver and passenger supplemental front- These supplemental restraint systems are de- impact air bag (NISSAN Advanced Air Bag signed to supplement the crash protection System) provided by the driver and passenger seat belts and are not a substitute for them. Seat belts . Front seat-mounted side-impact supple- should always be correctly worn, and the mental air bag occupant should be seated a suitable distance . Roof-mounted curtain side-impact supple- away from the steering wheel, instrument panel mental air bag and door finishers. See “Seat belts” earlier in7. If the booster seat is installed in the front . Seat belt with pretensioner this section for instructions and precautions on passenger seat, push the power switch to Supplemental front-impact air bag system: seat belt usage. the ON position. The front passenger air bag The NISSAN Advanced Air Bag System can The supplemental air bags operate only status light may or may not illuminate help cushion the impact force to the head and when the power switch is in the ON depending on the size of the child and the chest of the driver and front passenger in certain position. type of booster seat used. See “Front frontal collisions. After the power switch is placed in the ON passenger air bag and status light” later in Front seat-mounted side-impact supple- position, the supplemental air bag warning this section. mental air bag system: This system can help light illuminates. The supplemental air bag cushion the impact force to the chest and pelvic warning light will turn off after about 7 area of the driver and front passenger in certain seconds if the systems are operational. side impact collisions. The side air bag is designed to inflate on the side where the vehicle is impacted. Roof-mounted curtain side-impact supple-1-36 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 114. WARNING . The front air bags ordinarily will not inflate in the event of a side impact, rear impact, rollover or lower sever- ity frontal collision. Always wear your seat belts to help reduce the risk or severity of injury in various kinds of accidents. . The front passenger air bag will not inflate if the passenger air bag status light is lit or if the front passenger seat is unoccupied. See “Front passenger air bag and status light” later in this section. . The seat belts and the front air bags are most effective when you are sitting well back and upright in the seat with both feet on the floor. The front air bags inflate with great force. Even with the NISSAN Ad- vanced Air Bag System, if you are unrestrained, leaning forward, sit- ting sideways or out of position in any way, you are at greater risk of injury or death in a crash. You may also receive serious or fatal injuries from the front air bag if you are upSafety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-37
  • 115. against it when it inflates. Always sit . Keep hands on the outside of the back against the seatback and as steering wheel. Placing them inside far away as practical from the steer- the steering wheel rim could in- ing wheel or instrument panel. Al- crease the risk that they are injured ways use the seat belts. if the front air bag inflates. . The driver and front passenger seat belt buckles are equipped with sensors that detect if the seat belts are fastened. The Advanced Air Bag System monitors the severity of a collision and seat belt usage then inflates the air bags as needed. Failure to properly wear seat belts can increase the risk or severity of injury in an accident. . The front passenger seat is equipped with occupant classifica- tion sensors (weight sensors) that turn the front passenger air bag OFF under some conditions. This sensor is only used in this seat. Failure to be properly seated and wearing the seat belt can increase the risk or severity of injury in an accident. See “Front passenger air bag and status light” later in this section.1-38 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 116. WARNING . Never let children ride unrestrained or extend their hands or face out of the window. Do not attempt to hold them in your lap or arms. Some examples of dangerous riding posi- tions are shown in the illustrations. . Children may be severely injured or killed when the front air bags, side air bags or curtain air bags inflate if they are not properly restrained. Pre-teens and children should be properly restrained in the rear seat, if possible. . Even with the NISSAN Advanced Air Bag System, never install a rear- facing child restraint on the front seat. An inflating front air bag could seriously injure or kill your child. See “Child restraints” earlier in this section for details.Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-39
  • 117. Do not lean against doors or windows. WARNING Front seat-mounted side-impact sup- plemental air bags and roof-mounted curtain side-impact supplemental air bags: . The side air bags and curtain air bags ordinarily will not inflate in the event of a frontal impact, rear im- pact, rollover or lower severity side collision. Always wear your seat belts to help reduce the risk or severity of injury in various kinds of accidents.1-40 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 118. . The seat belts, the side air bags and curtain air bags are most effective when you are sitting well back and upright in the seat. The side air bag and curtain air bag inflate with great force. Do not allow anyone to place their hand, leg or face near the side air bag on the side of the seatback of the front seat or near the side roof rails. Do not allow anyone sitting in the front seats or rear outboard seats to extend their hand out of the window or lean against the door. Some examples of dan- gerous riding positions are shown in the previous illustrations.. When sitting in the rear seat, do not hold onto the seatback of the front seat. If the side air bag inflates, you may be seriously injured. Be espe- cially careful with children, who should always be properly re- strained. Some examples of danger- ous riding positions are shown in the illustrations.. Do not use seat covers on the front seatbacks. They may interfere with side air bag inflation. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-41
  • 119. 10. Seat belt with pretensioner 11. Air bag Control Unit (ACU) NISSAN ADVANCED AIR BAG SYS- TEM (front seats) WARNING To ensure proper operation of the passenger’s advanced air bag system, please observe the following items. . Do not allow a passenger in the rear seat to push or pull on the seatback pocket. . Do not place heavy loads heavier than 9lb (4 kg) on the seatback, head restraint or in the seatback pocket. . Do not store luggage behind the seat that can press into the seat- back. . Confirm the operating condition1. Crash zone sensor 6. Roof-mounted curtain side-impact supplemental air bag inflators with the front passenger air bag2. Supplemental front-impact air bag modules 7. Roof-mounted curtain side-impact supplemental status light.3. Front seat-mounted side-impact supplemental air bag modules air bag modules . If you notice that the front passen-4. Occupant classification sensors (weight sensors) 8. Satellite sensors ger air bag status light is not5. Occupant classification system control unit 9. Lap outer pretensioner (driver side only) operating as described later in this section, please take your vehicle to1-42 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 120. your NISSAN certified LEAF dealer operation. contact NISSAN. Contact information is con- to check the occupant classification The NISSAN Advanced Air Bag System has tained in the front of this Owner’s Manual. system. dual stage air bag inflators. The system monitors When a front air bag inflates, a fairly loud noise . Until you have confirmed with your information from the Air bag Control Unit (ACU), may be heard, followed by release of smoke. dealer that your passenger seat seat belt buckle sensors and the occupant This smoke is not harmful and does not indicate occupant classification system is classification sensors (weight sensors). Inflator a fire. Care should be taken not to inhale it, as it working properly, position the occu- operation is based on the severity of a collision may cause irritation and choking. Those with a pants in the rear seating positions. and seat belt usage for the driver. For the front history of a breathing condition should get fresh passenger, the occupant classification sensors air promptly. are also monitored. Based on information from Front air bags, along with the use of seat belts,This vehicle is equipped with the NISSAN the sensors, only one front air bag may inflate inAdvanced Air Bag System for the driver and help to cushion the impact force on the head a crash, depending on the crash severity and and chest of the front occupants. They can helpfront passenger seats. This system is designed whether the front occupants are belted orto meet certification requirements under U.S. save lives and reduce serious injuries. However, unbelted. Additionally, the front passenger air an inflating front air bag may cause facialregulations. It is also permitted in Canada. bag may be automatically turned OFF underHowever, all of the information, cautions abrasions or other injuries. Front air bags do some conditions, depending on the information not provide restraint to the lower body.and warnings in this manual still apply and provided by the occupant classification sensors.must be followed. Even with NISSAN Advanced Air Bags, seat If the front passenger air bag is OFF, theThe driver supplemental front-impact air bag is belts should be correctly worn and the driver passenger air bag status light will be illuminatedlocated in the center of the steering wheel. The and passenger seated upright as far as practical (if the seat is unoccupied, the light will not bepassenger supplemental front-impact air bag is away from the steering wheel or instrument illuminated, but the air bag will be off). Seemounted in the instrument panel above the glove panel. The front air bags inflate quickly in order “Front passenger air bag and status light” laterbox. The front air bags are designed to inflate in to help protect the front occupants. Because of in this section for further details. One front airhigher severity frontal collisions, although they this, the force of the front air bag inflating can bag inflating does not indicate improper perfor-may inflate if the forces in another type of increase the risk of injury if the occupant is too mance of the system.collision are similar to those of a higher severity close to, or is against, the air bag module during If you have any questions about your air bag inflation.frontal impact. They may not inflate in certain system, contact NISSAN or a NISSAN certifiedfrontal collisions. Vehicle damage (or lack of it) is The front air bags deflate quickly after a collision. LEAF dealer. If you are considering modificationnot always an indication of proper front air bag of your vehicle due to a disability, you may also Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-43
  • 121. The front air bags operate only when the increase the risk or severity of injury inpower switch is in the ON position. an accident.After the power switch is placed in the ONposition, the supplemental air bag warning Status light:light illuminates. The supplemental air bagwarning light will turn off after about 7 The front passenger air bag status light isseconds if the system is operational. located on the instrument panel. After the power switch is pushed to the ON position, the front passenger air bag status light on the instrument panel illuminates for about 7 seconds and then turns off or illuminates depending on the front passenger seat status. The light operates as follows: Front passenger air bag status light . Unoccupied passenger seat: The light is OFF and the front passenger air Front passenger air bag and status bag is OFF and will not inflate in a crash. light . Passenger’s seat occupied by a small adult, child or child restraint as outlined in this WARNING section: The light illuminates to indicate that the front passenger air bag is The front passenger air bag is designed OFF and will not inflate in a crash. to automatically turn OFF under some conditions. Read this section carefully . Occupied passenger seat and the passen- to learn how it operates. Proper use of ger meets the conditions outlined in this the seat, seat belt and child restraints is section: The light is OFF to indicate necessary for most effective protection. that the front passenger air bag is opera- Failure to follow all instructions in this tional. manual concerning the use of seats, seat belts and child restraints can1-44 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 122. Front passenger air bag: however, if the occupant does not sit in the seat classification sensors. Other conditions couldThe front passenger air bag is designed to properly (for example, by not sitting upright, by also result in air bag inflation, such as if a child isautomatically turn OFF when the vehicle is sitting on an edge of the seat, or by otherwise standing on the seat, or if two children are on theoperated under some conditions as described being out of position), this could cause the seat, contrary to the instructions in this manual.below as permitted by U.S. regulations. If the sensors to turn the air bag OFF. Always be sure Always be sure that you and all vehiclefront passenger air bag is OFF, it will not inflate to be seated and wearing the seat belt properly occupants are seated and restrained properly.in a crash. The driver air bag and other air bags for the most effective protection by the seat belt Using the passenger air bag status light, you canin your vehicle are not part of this system. and supplemental air bag. monitor when the front passenger air bag isThe purpose of the regulation is to help reduce NISSAN recommends that pre-teens and chil- automatically turned OFF with the seat occu-the risk of injury or death from an inflating air bag dren be properly restrained in a rear seat. pied. The light will not illuminate when the frontto certain front passenger seat occupants, such NISSAN also recommends that appropriate passenger seat is unoccupied.as children, by requiring the air bag to be child restraints and booster seats be properly If an adult occupant is in the seat but theautomatically turned OFF. installed in a rear seat. If this is not possible, the passenger air bag status light is illuminated occupant classification sensors are designed to (indicating that the air bag is OFF), it could beThe occupant classification sensors (weight operate as described above to turn the front that the person is a small adult, or is not sittingsensors) are on the seat cushion frame under passenger air bag OFF for specified child on the seat properly.the front passenger seat and are designed to restraints. Failing to properly secure childdetect an occupant and objects on the seat. For If a child restraint must be used in the front seat, restraints and to use the Automatic Lockingexample, if a child is in the front passenger seat, the passenger air bag status light may or may Retractor (ALR) mode (child restraint mode)the Advanced Air Bag System is designed to not be illuminated, depending on the size of the may allow the restraint to tip or move in anturn the passenger air bag OFF in accordance child and the type of child restraint being used. If accident or sudden stop. This can also result inwith the regulations. Also, if a child restraint of the air bag status light is not illuminated the passenger air bag inflating in a crash insteadthe type specified in the regulations is on the (indicating that the air bag might inflate in a of being OFF. See “Child restraints” earlier inseat, the occupant classification sensors can crash), it could be that the child restraint or seat this section for proper use and installation.detect it and cause the air bag to turn OFF. belt is not being used properly. Make sure that If the front passenger seat is not occupied, the the child restraint is installed properly, the seatFront passenger seat adult occupants who are passenger air bag is designed not to inflate in a belt is used properly and the occupant isproperly seated and using the seat belt as crash. However, heavy objects placed on the positioned properly. If the air bag status light isoutlined in this manual should not cause the seat could result in air bag inflation, because of not illuminated, reposition the occupant or childpassenger air bag to be automatically turned the object being detected by the occupant restraint in a rear seat.OFF. For small adults it may be turned OFF, Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-45
  • 123. If the passenger air bag status light will not Other supplemental front-impact air bag system and result in seriousilluminate even though you believe that the child bag precautions personal injury.restraint, the seat belts and the occupant areproperly positioned, the system may be sensing . Immediately after inflation, severalan unoccupied seat (in which case the air bag is WARNING front air bag system componentsOFF). Your NISSAN certified LEAF dealer can will be hot. Do not touch them; you . Do not place any objects on the may severely burn yourself.check that the system is OFF by using a special steering wheel pad or on the instru-tool. However, until you have confirmed with ment panel. Also, do not place any . No unauthorized changes should beyour dealer that your air bag is working properly, made to any components or wiring objects between any occupant andreposition the occupant or child restraint in a of the supplemental air bag system. the steering wheel or instrumentrear seat. panel. Such objects may become This is to prevent accidental infla-The air bag system and passenger air bag status dangerous projectiles and cause tion of the supplemental air bag orlight will take a few seconds to register a change injury if the front air bags inflate. damage to the supplemental air bagin the passenger seat status. However, if the system. . Do not place objects with sharpseat becomes unoccupied, the air bag status edges on the seat. Also, do not . Do not make unauthorized changeslight will remain off. to your vehicle’s electrical system, place heavy objects on the seat thatIf a malfunction occurs in the front passenger air will leave permanent impressions in suspension system or front endbag system, the supplemental air bag warning the seat. Such objects can damage structure. This could affect properlight , located in the meter and gauges area, the seat or occupant classification operation of the front air bag sys-will blink. Have the system checked by a sensors (weight sensors). This can tem.NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. affect the operation of the air bag . Tampering with the front air bag system and result in serious perso- system may result in serious perso- nal injury. nal injury. Tampering includes . Do not use water or acidic cleaners changes to the steering wheel and (hot steam cleaners) on the seat. the instrument panel assembly by This can damage the seat or occu- placing material over the steering pant classification sensors. This can wheel pad and above the instrument also affect the operation of the air panel or by installing additional trim material around the air bag system.1-46 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 124. . Removing or modifying the front NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. In- passenger seat may affect the func- stallation of electrical equipment tion of the air bag system and result should also be done by a NISSAN in serious personal injury. certified LEAF dealer. The Supple-. Modifying or tampering with the mental Restraint System (SRS) wir- front passenger seat may result in ing harnesses* should not be serious personal injury. For exam- modified or disconnected. Un- ple, do not change the front seats by authorized electrical test equipment placing material on the seat cushion and probing devices should not be or by installing additional trim ma- used on the air bag system. terial, such as seat covers, on the . A cracked windshield should be seat that is not specifically designed replaced immediately by a qualified to assure proper air bag operation. repair facility. A cracked windshield Additionally, do not stow any ob- could affect the function of the jects under the front passenger seat supplemental air bag system. FRONT SEAT-MOUNTED SIDE-IM- or the seat cushion and seatback. PACT SUPPLEMENTAL AIR BAG Such objects may interfere with the *The SRS wiring harness connectors are proper operation of the occupant AND ROOF-MOUNTED CURTAIN yellow and orange for easy identification. classification sensors. SIDE-IMPACT SUPPLEMENTAL AIR When selling your vehicle, we request that you BAG SYSTEMS. No unauthorized changes should be inform the buyer about the front air bag system made to any components or wiring and guide the buyer to the appropriate sections The side air bags are located in the outside of of the seat belt system. This may in this Owner’s Manual. the seatback of the front seats. The curtain air affect the front air bag system. bags are located in the side roof rails. These Tampering with the seat belt system systems are designed to meet voluntary guide- may result in serious personal in- lines to help reduce the risk of injury to out-of- jury. position occupants. However, all of the information, cautions and warnings in this. Work on and around the front air manual still apply and must be followed. bag system should be done by a The side air bags and curtain air bags are Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-47
  • 125. designed to inflate in higher severity side The seat belts should be correctly worn and the finisher and the front seat. Suchcollisions, although they may inflate if the forces driver and passenger seated upright as far as objects may become dangerousin another type of collision are similar to those of practical away from the side air bags. Rear seat projectiles and cause injury if a sidea higher severity side impact. They are designed passengers should be seated as far away as air bag inflates.to inflate on the side where the vehicle is practical from the door finishers and side roofimpacted. They may not inflate in certain side rails. The side air bags and curtain air bags . Right after inflation, several side aircollisions on the side where the vehicle is inflate quickly in order to help protect the bag and curtain air bag systemimpacted. occupants in the outboard seating positions. components will be hot. Do not Because of this, the force of the side air bags touch them; you may severely burnVehicle damage (or lack of it) is not always an yourself.indication of proper side air bag and curtain air and curtain air bags inflating can increase thebag operation. risk of injury if the occupant is too close to, or is . No unauthorized changes should be against, these air bag modules during inflation. made to any components or wiringWhen the side air bags and curtain air bags The side air bags and curtain air bags will deflate of the side air bag and curtain airinflate, a fairly loud noise may be heard, followed quickly after the collision is over. bag systems. This is to preventby release of smoke. This smoke is not harmful The side air bags and curtain air bags damage to or accidental inflationand does not indicate a fire. Care should be operate only when the power switch is in of the side air bag and curtain airtaken not to inhale it, as it may cause irritation the ON position. bag systems.and choking. Those with a history of a breathingcondition should get fresh air promptly. After turning the power switch to the ON . Do not make unauthorized changes position, the supplemental air bag warning to your vehicle’s electrical system,Side air bags, along with the use of seat belts, light illuminates. The supplemental air bag suspension system or side panel.help to cushion the impact force on the chest warning light will turn off after about 7 This could affect proper operationand pelvic area of the front occupants. Curtain seconds if the systems are operational. of the side air bag and curtain airair bags help to cushion the impact force to the bag systems.head of occupants in the front and rear outboardseating positions. They can help save lives and WARNING . Tampering with the side air bagreduce serious injuries. However, side air bags system may result in serious perso-and curtain air bags may cause abrasions or . Do not place any objects near the nal injury. For example, do notother injuries. Side air bags and curtain air bags seatback of the front seats. Also, do change the front seats by placingdo not provide restraint to the lower body. not place any objects (an umbrella, material near the seatbacks or by bag, etc.) between the front door installing additional trim material,1-48 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 126. such as seat covers, around the side SEAT BELTS WITH PRETEN- certified LEAF dealer. Unauthorized air bag. SIONERS (front seats) electrical test equipment and prob- . Work around and on the side air bag ing devices should not be used on and curtain air bag systems should WARNING the pretensioner system. be done by a NISSAN certified LEAF . If you need to dispose of a preten- dealer. Installation of electrical . The pretensioners cannot be reused sioner or scrap the vehicle, contact a equipment should also be done by after activation. They must be re- NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. Cor- a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. The placed together with the retractor rect pretensioner disposal proce- Supplemental Restraint System and buckle as a unit. dures are set forth in the (SRS) wiring harnesses* should not . If the vehicle becomes involved in a appropriate NISSAN Service Man- be modified or disconnected. Un- collision but a pretensioner is not ual. Incorrect disposal procedures authorized electrical test equipment activated, be sure to have the pre- could cause personal injury. and probing devices should not be tensioner system checked and, if used on the side air bag and curtain necessary, replaced by a NISSAN The pretensioner system may activate with the supplemental air bag systems. certified LEAF dealer. supplemental air bag system in certain types of . No unauthorized changes should be collisions. Working with the seat belt retractor, it*The SRS wiring harness connectors are made to any components or wiring helps tighten the seat belt when the vehicleyellow and orange for easy identification. of the pretensioner system. This is becomes involved in certain types of collisions,When selling your vehicle, we request that you to prevent damage to or accidental helping to restrain front seat occupants.inform the buyer about the side air bag and activation of the pretensioners. The pretensioner is encased with the seat beltcurtain air bag systems and guide the buyer to Tampering with the pretensioner retractor for both front seating positions. Thethe appropriate sections in this Owner’s Manual. system may result in serious perso- driver’s seat belt also has a pretensioner at the nal injury. outer floor anchor. These seat belts are used the . Work around and on the preten- same way as conventional seat belts. sioner system should be done by a When a pretensioner activates, smoke is re- NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. In- leased and a loud noise may be heard. The stallation of electrical equipment smoke is not harmful and does not indicate a should also be done by a NISSAN fire. Care should be taken not to inhale it, as it Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-49
  • 127. may cause irritation and choking. Those with ahistory of a breathing condition should get freshair promptly.After pretensioner activation, load limiters allowthe seat belt to release webbing (if necessary) toreduce forces against the chest.The supplemental air bag warning light isused to indicate malfunctions in the pretensionersystem. (See “Supplemental air bag warninglight” later in this section for more details.) If thesupplemental air bag warning light indicatesthere is a malfunction, have the system checkedby a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer.When selling your vehicle, we request that youinform the buyer about the pretensioner system SUPPLEMENTAL AIR BAG WARN- SUPPLEMENTAL AIR BAG WARN-and guide the buyer to the appropriate sections ING LABELS ING LIGHTin this Owner’s Manual. Warning labels about the supplemental front- The supplemental air bag warning light, display- impact air bag system are placed in the vehicle ing in the instrument panel, monitors the as shown in the illustration. circuits of the Air bag Control Unit (ACU), satellite sensors, crash zone sensor, occupant * SRS air bag 1 classification sensors, the supplemental front- The warning labels are located on the surface of impact air bag, front seat-mounted side-impact the sun visors. supplemental air bag, roof-mounted curtain side-impact supplemental air bag and seat belt pretensioner systems. The monitored circuits include air bag systems, pretensioners and all related wiring.1-50 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 128. When the power switch is in the ON position, LEAF dealer as soon as possible. ule and pretensioner should bethe supplemental air bag warning light illumi- replaced by a NISSAN certifiednates for about 7 seconds and then turns off. LEAF dealer. The air bag modulesThis means the system is operational. REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT PRO- and pretensioner system cannot beIf any of the following conditions occur, the front CEDURE repaired.air bag, side air bag, curtain air bag and The front air bags, side air bags, curtain air bags . The front air bag, side air bag andpretensioner systems need servicing: and pretensioners are designed to activate on a curtain air bag systems, and preten-. The supplemental air bag warning light one-time-only basis. As a reminder, unless it is sioner system should be inspected remains on after approximately 7 seconds. damaged, the supplemental air bag warning light by a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer if will remain illuminated after inflation has oc- there is any damage to the front end. The supplemental air bag warning light curred. Repair and replacement of these sys- or side portion of the vehicle. flashes intermittently. tems should be done only by a NISSAN certified. The supplemental air bag warning light does . If you need to dispose of a supple- LEAF dealer. not come on at all. mental air bag or pretensioner or When maintenance work is required on the scrap the vehicle, contact a NISSANUnder these conditions, the front air bag, side air vehicle, the front air bags, side air bags, curtain certified LEAF dealer. Correct sup-bag, curtain air bag and pretensioner systems air bags and pretensioners and related parts plemental air bag and pretensionermay not operate properly. They must be checked should be pointed out to the person performing system disposal procedures are setand repaired. Take your vehicle to the nearest the maintenance. The power switch should forth in the appropriate NISSANNISSAN certified LEAF dealer. always be in the LOCK position when working Service Manual. Incorrect disposal under the hood or inside the vehicle. procedures could cause personal WARNING injury. If the supplemental air bag warning WARNING light is on, it could mean that the front . Once a front air bag, side air bag or air bag, side air bag, curtain air bag curtain air bag has inflated, the air and/or pretensioner systems will not bag module will not function again operate in an accident. To help avoid and must be replaced. Additionally, injury to yourself or others, have your the activated pretensioners must vehicle checked by a NISSAN certified also be replaced. The air bag mod- Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-51
  • 129. MEMO1-52 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system
  • 130. 2 Instruments and controlsCockpit ....................................................................................... 2-3 NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer System ....................... 2-36Instrument panel ....................................................................... 2-4 Windshield wiper and washer switch ............................. 2-38Meters and gauges .................................................................. 2-5 Washer operation ......................................................... 2-39 Speedometer and odometer ........................................... 2-6 Rear window wiper and washer switch ........................ 2-39 Li-ion battery temperature gauge ................................... 2-7 Rear window and outside mirror defroster switch ...... 2-40 Power meter ........................................................................ 2-7 Instrument brightness control ............................................ 2-41 Driving range ....................................................................... 2-8 Headlight and turn signal switch ...................................... 2-41 Li-ion battery available charge gauge ........................... 2-9 Headlight switch ........................................................... 2-41 Li-ion battery capacity level gauge ............................. 2-10 Turn signal switch ......................................................... 2-44 Outside air temperature ................................................ 2-10 Fog light switch (if so equipped) ..................................... 2-44 ECO indicator .................................................................. 2-10 Hazard warning flasher switch .......................................... 2-45 Clock .................................................................................. 2-11 Heated steering wheel ........................................................ 2-45Warning/indicator lights and audible reminders ........... 2-12 Horn ......................................................................................... 2-46 Checking bulbs ................................................................ 2-13 Heated seats ......................................................................... 2-46 Warning lights .................................................................. 2-13 Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) OFF switch ................ 2-48 Indicator lights .................................................................. 2-19 Power outlet ........................................................................... 2-48 Audible reminders ........................................................... 2-21 Storage ................................................................................... 2-49Dot matrix liquid crystal display ......................................... 2-22 Cup holders .................................................................... 2-49 Indicators for operation .................................................. 2-23 Sunglasses holder ........................................................ 2-50 Trip computer ................................................................... 2-27 Glove box ........................................................................ 2-51 Warning information displays ....................................... 2-31 Console box ................................................................... 2-51 Indicators for maintenance ........................................... 2-33 Cargo cover (if so equipped) .................................... 2-51 Indicator for timer ............................................................ 2-34 Stowing golf bags ........................................................ 2-53Security systems ................................................................... 2-35 Luggage side hook ....................................................... 2-53 Vehicle security system ................................................. 2-35
  • 131. Windows ................................................................................. 2-53 Programming HomeLink® for Canadian Power windows ............................................................... 2-53 customers ...................................................................... 2-60Interior lights ......................................................................... 2-56 Operating HomeLink® universal transceiver .......... 2-60 Map lights ........................................................................ 2-56 Programming trouble-diagnosis ................................ 2-60 Ceiling light ....................................................................... 2-57 Clearing programmed information ............................ 2-60HomeLink® universal transceiver (if so equipped) ....... 2-58 Reprogramming a single HomeLink® button ......... 2-60 Programming HomeLink® .............................................. 2-58 If your vehicle is stolen ................................................ 2-61
  • 132. COCKPIT — Horn — Driver’s supplemental air bag 7. Wiper and washer switch 8. Steering-wheel-mounted controls (right side) — Cruise control switches 9. Fuse box cover 10. Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) OFF switch 11. Headlight aiming switch 12. Immediate charge switch 13. Heated steering wheel switch 14. Tilting steering wheel lever 15. Heated seat switch 16. Selector lever 17. Electric parking brake *: if so equipped1. TRIP switch for twin trip odometer 5. Steering-wheel-mounted controls (left side) (See2. Trip computer switch LEAF Navigation System Owner’s Manual.)3. Instrument brightness control switch — Driving range button4. Headlight, fog light* and turn signal switch — Audio control — Headlight — Bluetooth® Hands-Free Phone System control — Turn signal light 6. Steering wheel — Fog light* — Electric power steering system Instruments and controls 2-3
  • 133. INSTRUMENT PANEL 9. Power switch 10. iPod® connector/USB connector (See LEAF Navigation System Owner’s Manual.) 11. Rear window defroster switch 12. Power outlet 13. Auxiliary input jack (See LEAF Navigation System Owner’s Manual.) 14. Front passenger air bag status light/Approaching Vehicle Sound for Pedestrians (VSP) system warning light 15. Heater and air conditioner control 16. Glove box1. Side ventilator — Audio system2. Meters and gauges 4. Hazard warning flasher switch3. Center multi-function control panel (See LEAF 5. Center ventilator Navigation System Owner’s Manual.) 6. Front passenger supplemental air bag — Navigation system 7. Charge port lid opener handle — Vehicle information and setting buttons 8. Hood release handle — Bluetooth® Hands-Free Phone System2-4 Instruments and controls
  • 134. METERS AND GAUGES 11. Dot matrix liquid crystal display — Odometer/twin trip odometer — Trip computer — Shift position indicator — Indicator for timer 12. Driving range 13. Li-ion battery available charge gauge 14. Li-ion battery capacity level gauge Upper display and lower display1. Master warning lights 6. Turn signal/Hazard indicator light2. ECO indicator 7. Li-ion battery temperature gauge3. Speedometer 8. Warning/Indicator lights4. Clock 9. Power meter5. Outside air temperature 10. READY to drive indicator light Instruments and controls 2-5
  • 135. TRIP A ? TRIP B ? TRIP A For information about the dot matrix liquid crystal display, see “Dot matrix liquid crystal display” later in this section. Resetting the trip odometer: Pushing the TRIP switch * for approximately 1 3 second resets the trip odometer to zero.SPEEDOMETER AND ODOMETER Odometer/twin trip odometerSpeedometer The odometer * and twin trip odometer * are 1 2 displayed on the dot matrix liquid crystal displayThe speedometer indicates the vehicle speed in when the power switch is in the ON or READYmiles per hour (MPH) or kilometers per hour to drive position.(km/h). The odometer records the total distance the vehicle has been driven. The twin trip odometer records the distance of individual trips. Changing the display: Pushing the TRIP switch * located on the left 3 side of the combination meter panel changes the display as follows:2-6 Instruments and controls
  • 136. NOTE: . If the display indicates that the tem- perature of the Li-ion battery is near the red zone end of the normal range, reduce vehicle speed to decrease the temperature. If the indicator is over the normal range, the power provided to the traction motor is reduced when the power limitation indicator light is illu- minated. Therefore the vehicle is not as responsive when the accelerator is depressed while the power limitation light is illuminated. See “Power limita- tion indicator light” later in this section. . If the outside temperature is extremelyLI-ION BATTERY TEMPERATURE low, the Li-ion temperature gauge may POWER METERGAUGE not display a temperature reading. The This meter displays the actual traction motorThe gauge indicates the temperature of the Li- vehicle may not be able to be put in the power consumption * and the regenerative Aion battery. READY to drive mode. Contact a brake power provided to the Li-ion battery *. BThe temperature of the Li-ion battery is within NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. The white dot * in the display moves right or 1the normal range when the display is within the left depending on demand.zone * shown in the illustration. 1 The white dot moves to the right when power isThe temperature of the Li-ion battery varies provided to the traction motor (Li-ion batteryaccording to the outside air temperature and discharges).driving conditions. The white dot moves to the left when power is generated and provided to the Li-ion battery by the regenerative brake system (Li-ion battery charging). Instruments and controls 2-7
  • 137. The power meter also indicates if the power being completely discharged, “---” willprovided to the motor is limited or if regenerative be displayed. Charge the Li-ion batterybraking is limited. When power or regenerative as soon as possible. When the Li-ionbraking is limited, the circles on the display battery is charged, the original displaychange from a double circle to a single circle will be restored.*. 2 . After the vehicle is charged, the dis-Regenerative braking is automatically reduced played driving range is calculatedwhen the Li-ion battery is fully charged to based on the actual average energyprevent the Li-ion battery from becoming over- consumption of the previous driving.charged. Regenerative braking is also automa- The displayed driving range will varytically reduced when the Li-ion battery every time the vehicle is fully charged.temperature is high/low (indicated by the red/ . The driving range will increases orblue zones on the Li-ion battery temperature decreases when the air conditioner,gauge) to prevent Li-ion battery damage. heater or Li-ion battery heater is turnedThe more regenerative braking is reduced the DRIVING RANGE on or off, or the vehicle is shiftedmore double circles change to single circles The driving range * (miles or km) provides an 1 between D (Drive) and ECO, or whenIf the Li-ion battery charge is low, power estimated distance that the vehicle can be any other accessory is turned on or offprovided to the traction motor is reduced. Motor driven before recharging is necessary. The based on driving.output is also limited if the Li-ion battery driving range is constantly being calculated,temperature is high/low (indicated by the red/ based on the amount of available Li-ion batteryblue zones on the Li-ion battery temperature charge and the actual power consumptiongauge) or the Li-ion battery charge level is low. average.The more power provided to the traction motor NOTE:is reduced the more double circles change tosingle circles. . The driving range display will flash when the low battery charge warning light illuminates. Additionally, if you continue to drive the vehicle in this state and the Li-ion battery is close to2-8 Instruments and controls
  • 138. of the Li-ion battery’s capability of NOTE: storing power. . The number of segments illuminated on the Li-ion battery available charge gauge is determined by the available charge and the amount of charge the Li-ion battery is capable of storing at the current temperature. . Temperature affects the amount of charge the Li-ion battery is capable of storing. The Li-ion battery is capable of storing less power when the Li-ion battery temperature is cold. The Li-ion battery is capable of storing more power when the Li-ion battery is warm.LI-ION BATTERY AVAILABLE The number of segments illuminatedCHARGE GAUGE on the Li-ion battery available chargeThe gauge * indicates the approximate 1 gauge can change based on theavailable Li-ion battery charge to run the vehicle. amount of power the Li-ion battery is capable of storing. For example, whenCharge the Li-ion battery before the dis- the Li-ion battery becomes colder,play reaches the bottom line. more segments on the Li-ion batteryThe low battery charge warning light illumi- available charge gauge illuminate be-nates when the Li-ion battery available charge cause the available charge is a greatergauge is getting low. Charge as soon as it is percentage of the Li-ion battery’s cap-convenient, preferably before the display ability of storing power. When the Li-reaches the bottom line. When the display ion battery becomes warmer, less seg-reaches the bottom of the display and the low ments on the Li-ion battery availablebattery charge light illuminated, there is a very charge gauge illuminate because thesmall reserve of Li-ion battery charge remaining. remaining energy is a lower percentage Instruments and controls 2-9
  • 139. LI-ION BATTERY CAPACITY LEVEL OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE ECO INDICATORGAUGE The outside air temperature is displayed in 8F or The ECO indicator displays how economicallyThis gauge indicates the amount of charge the 8C. the vehicle is being operated.Li-ion battery is capable of storing. The display may differ from the actual outside The meter display is affected by the followingWhen the capacity of the Li-ion battery temperature displayed on various signs or bill- conditions:decreases with age and usage, the level of the boards. . Accelerator pedal operation.gauge will also decrease. . Brake pedal operation. . Driving conditions. . Traffic conditions. . Heater and air conditioner usage. . Time the vehicle is not moving while the vehicle is in the READY to drive mode and2-10 Instruments and controls
  • 140. accessories are on. gation System Owner’s Manual.Instant ECO driving levelThe instant ECO driving level * is displayed by 1the number of bars that increase (more eco-nomical driving) or decrease (less economicaldriving) depending on vehicle operation.Long term ECO driving levelLong term ECO driving is indicated by ECOTREE symbols. The longer the vehicle isoperated economically, the more segments ofthe large ECO TREE symbol * are displayed. 2When all of the segments of the large ECOTREE symbol are displayed, a small ECO TREEindicator * is also displayed, and the large 3ECO TREE symbol display is reset. The longer CLOCKthe vehicle is operated economically, the more Adjust the clock on the setting screen of the dotsmall ECO TREE symbols are displayed. The matrix liquid crystal display. See “5. Settings”ECO TREE symbols that were illuminated while later in this section.driving will turn off when the vehicle power is If the power supply (12-volt battery) is discon-turned off. The ECO TREE symbols are stored in nected, the clock will not indicate the correctthe navigation system to show long term efficient time. Readjust the time.vehicle operation.To increase the ECO driving level and for NOTE:information about driving the vehicle efficiently, This clock is not synchronized with thesee “Improve driving range” in the “EV. Over- clock displayed on the navigation systemview” section. screen. The charging timer starts and stops charging base on the time displayed on the navigation system screen. See LEAF Navi- Instruments and controls 2-11
  • 141. WARNING/INDICATOR LIGHTS ANDAUDIBLE REMINDERS 12-volt battery charge warning light Low battery charge warning light Front passenger air bag status light Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) warning Low tire pressure warning light High beam indicator light light Approaching Vehicle Sound for Pedes- Master warning light (red/yellow) Plug in indicator light trians (VSP) system warning light BRAKE system warning light (yellow) Seat belt warning light Power limitation indicator light BRAKE warning light (red) Supplemental air bag warning light READY to drive indicator light Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) warning Electric power steering warning light Security indicator light light Electric shift control system warning light Electric parking brake indicator light Turn signal/hazard indicator lights Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) off in- EV system warning light Exterior light indicator dicator light Front fog light indicator light (if so Headlight warning light equipped)2-12 Instruments and controls
  • 142. CHECKING BULBS position, and turns off when the power switch is power switch is in the READY to placed in the READY to drive position. drive position. Immediately stop theWith all doors closed, apply the parking brake,and push the power switch in the ON position. When this warning light illuminates, a chime vehicle in a safe location and con-The following lights will illuminate (if so sounds and the following warnings are also tact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer.equipped): displayed. . If the 12-volt warning light illumi- , or , , . Master warning (red) nates continuously when the powerThe following lights illuminate briefly and then . EV system warning light switch is in the READY to driveturn off: position. Do not charge the 12-volt battery while this warning light is (yellow), , or (red), or , The following messages also flash on and off on illuminated. It may lead to a mal- , , , , , , the dot matrix liquid crystal display. function of the DC/DC converterIf any light does not illuminate, it may indicate a If the vehicle is being driven: “Stop the vehicle” system. Contact a NISSAN certifiedburned-out bulb or an open circuit in the and if the vehicle is stopped: “When parked LEAF dealer.electrical system. Have the system checked by apply parking brake”. When these messagesa NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. flash, immediately stop the vehicle in a safe NOTE:Some indicators and warnings are also dis- location, pull the parking brake switch and push the P position switch on the selector lever to . If the vehicle does not go into theplayed on the dot matrix crystal display in the place the vehicle in the P (Park) position. The READY to drive position (when thelower display. (See “Dot matrix liquid crystal warning on the meter and the chime stop when power switch is pushed with the brakedisplay” later in this section.) the parking brake is operated or the vehicle is in pedal is depressed), jump-start theWARNING LIGHTS the P (Park) position. Contact a NISSAN vehicle to place the power switch in certified LEAF dealer for support. the READY to drive position. See “Jump 12-volt battery charge warning starting” in the “6. In case of emer-light gency” section. CAUTIONThe DC/DC converter converts 400 volt Li-ion . Do not jump-start the vehicle andbattery voltage to charge the 12-volt battery. . The DC/DC converter system may contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer not be functioning properly if the for inspection:This light illuminates continuously after the bulb 12-volt battery charge warning lightis checked when the power switch is in the ON illuminates continuously when the Instruments and controls 2-13
  • 143. — If the 12-volt charge warning light and driving” section.) illuminates at any other time, it may indicate that turns off when the vehicle is in the the cooperative regenerative brake and/or the READY to drive mode, the 12-volt Approaching Vehicle Sound electronically driven intelligent brake systems battery may be discharged or there for Pedestrians (VSP) system warn- are not functioning properly. Have the system may be a malfunction in the 12-volt ing light checked by a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. If battery related system. the BRAKE warning light (red) also illuminates, The Approaching Vehicle Sound for Pedestrians — If the 12-volt charge warning light stop the vehicle immediately and contact a (VSP) system warning light is located on the continues to illuminate when the NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. For additional instrument panel. vehicle is in the READY to drive information, see “Brakes” in the “5. Starting and mode, there may be a malfunction This light comes on if there is a malfunction in driving” section. in the DC/DC converter. Contact a the VSP system. NISSAN certified LEAF dealer for If the VSP system warning light illuminates while WARNING inspection. the power switch is in ON position, or in the READY to drive position, it may indicate the VSP . Pressing the brake pedal when the or Anti-lock Braking system is not functioning properly. Have the power switch position is not in theSystem (ABS) warning light system checked by a NISSAN certified LEAF ON or READY to drive position and/ dealer. or low brake fluid level may in-When the power switch is in the ON or READY See “Approaching Vehicle Sound for Pedes- crease the stopping distance andto drive position, the Anti-lock Braking System trians (VSP) system” in the “EV. Overview” braking will require greater pedal(ABS) warning light illuminates and then turns section. effort as well as pedal travel.off. This indicates the ABS is operational.If the ABS warning light illuminates while the . If the brake fluid level is below the BRAKE system warning light minimum or MIN mark on the brakepower switch is in READY to drive position, or (yellow) fluid reservoir, do not drive until thewhile driving, it may indicate the ABS is notfunctioning properly. Have the system checked This light functions for both the cooperative brake system has been checked at aby a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. regenerative brake and the electronically driven NISSAN certified LEAF dealer.If an ABS malfunction occurs, the anti-lock intelligent brake systems. When the power . The cooperative regenerative brakefunction is turned off. The brake system then switch is placed in the ON position or in the system may not be working properlyoperates normally, but without anti-lock assis- READY to drive position, the light remains if the brake system warning lighttance. (See “Brake system” in the “5. Starting illuminated for about 2 or 3 seconds. If the light illuminates when the READY to2-14 Instruments and controls
  • 144. drive indicator light is ON. If you the following items. . If the brake fluid level is below the judge it to be safe, drive carefully to 1. Check the brake fluid level. If brake fluid is minimum or MIN mark on the brake the nearest service station for re- necessary, add fluid and have the system fluid reservoir, do not drive until the pairs. Otherwise, have your vehicle checked by a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. brake system has been checked at a towed because driving could be See “Brake fluid” in the “8. Maintenance and NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. dangerous. do-it-yourself” section. 2. If the brake fluid level is correct, have the Electric power steering warn- or BRAKE warning light warning system checked by a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. ing light(red) When the power switch is in the ON position,When the power switch is placed in the ON WARNING the electric power steering warning light illumi-position or in the READY to drive position, the nates and turn off when the power switch islight remains illuminated for about a few . Your brake system may not be placed in the READY to drive position. Thisseconds. If the light illuminates at any other working properly if the warning light indicates the electric power steering system istime, it may indicate that the hydraulic brake is on. Driving could be dangerous. If operational.system is not functioning properly. If the BRAKE you judge the brake system to be If the electric power steering warning lightwarning light illuminates, stop the vehicle safe, drive carefully to the nearest illuminates while the READY to drive indicatorimmediately and contact a NISSAN certified service station for repairs. Other- light is ON, it may indicate the electric powerLEAF dealer. wise, have your vehicle towed be- steering system is not functioning properly and cause driving it could be dangerous. may need servicing. Have the electric powerLow brake fluid warning light:When the power switch is in the ON position, . Pressing the brake pedal when the steering system checked by a NISSAN certifiedthe light warns of a low brake fluid level. If this power switch position is not in the LEAF dealer.warning light illuminates, the Vehicle Dynamic ON or READY to drive position and/ When the electric power steering warning lightControl (VDC) warning light and the brake or low brake fluid level may in- illuminates while the READY to drive indicator issystem warning light (yellow) also illuminate. crease the stopping distance and ON, the power assist to the steering will cease braking will require greater pedal operation but you will still have control of theIf the light illuminates while the power switch is effort as well as pedal travel. vehicle. At this time, greater steering efforts arein the READY to drive position with the parkingbrake not applied, stop the vehicle and perform required to operate the steering wheel, espe- Instruments and controls 2-15
  • 145. cially in sharp turns and at low speeds. . Traction motor and inverter system charged in order to be driven.See “Electric power steering system” in the “5. . Charge port or on board charger Low tire pressure warning lightStarting and driving” section. . Li-ion battery system Your vehicle is equipped with a Tire Pressure Electric shift control system . Cooling system Monitoring System (TPMS) that monitors the tirewarning light pressure of all tires. . Shift control system The low tire pressure warning light warns of lowThis light illuminates to warn when a malfunction . Emergency shut off system is activated. See tire pressure or indicates that the TPMS is notoccurs in the electric shift control system. When “Emergency shut-off system” in the “EV. functioning properly.the master warning illuminates, the chime Overview” section.sounds and the message, “When parked apply After the power switch is placed in the ONparking brake”, is displayed on the dot matrix Headlight warning light position, this light illuminates for about 1 secondliquid crystal display. and then turns off. This light illuminates if the LED headlights areWhen the power switch is in the OFF position, malfunctioning. Contact a NISSAN certified Low tire pressure warning:the chime sounds continuously. Make sure the LEAF dealer. If the vehicle is being driven with low tireelectric parking brake is applied. If the parking pressure, the warning light will illuminate. Abrake is applied, the master warning light Low battery charge warning Check tire Pressure warning also appears onilluminates and the warning message on the light the dot matrix liquid crystal display.dot matrix crystal display turns off and the chime This light illuminates when the available Li-ion When the low tire pressure warning lightstops. battery charge is getting low. Charge as soon as illuminates, you should stop and adjust the tireHave the system checked by a NISSAN certified it is possible, preferably before the Li-ion battery pressure to the recommended COLD tireLEAF dealer. available charge gauge reaches the bottom line. pressure shown on the Tire and Loading Information label. The low tire pressure warning EV system warning light NOTE: light does not automatically turn off when the tireThis light illuminates if there is a malfunction in The low battery charge warning light turns pressure is adjusted. After the tire is inflated tothe following systems. Contact a NISSAN off immediately before the Li-ion battery is the recommended pressure, the vehicle must becertified LEAF dealer. completely discharged and the vehicle will driven at speeds above 16 MPH (25 km/h) to stop. If the Li-ion battery becomes com- activate the TPMS and turn off the low tire pletely discharged, the vehicle must be pressure warning light. Use a tire pressure2-16 Instruments and controls
  • 146. gauge to check the tire pressure. . When a wheel is replaced, the TPMSThe Check tire Pressure warning is active as WARNING will not function and the low tirelong as the low tire pressure warning light . If the light does not illuminate when pressure warning light will flash forremains illuminated. the power switch is placed in the ON approximately 1 minute. The lightFor additional information, see “Tire Pressure position, have the vehicle checked will remain on after 1 minute. Con-Monitoring System (TPMS)” in the “5. Starting by a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer tact your NISSAN certified LEAFand driving” section and “Tire Pressure Monitor- as soon as possible. dealer as soon as possible for tireing System (TPMS)” in the “6. In case of replacement and/or system reset- . If the light illuminates while driving, ting.emergency” section. avoid sudden steering maneuvers orTPMS malfunction: abrupt braking, reduce vehicle . Replacing tires with those not ori- speed, pull off the road to a safe ginally specified by NISSAN couldIf the TPMS is not functioning properly, the low location and stop the vehicle as affect the proper operation of thetire pressure warning light will flash for approxi- soon as possible. Driving with un- TPMS.mately 1 minute when the power switch isplaced in the ON position. The light will remain der-inflated tires may permanentlyon after the 1 minute. Have the system checked damage the tires and increase theby a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. The Check likelihood of tire failure. Serious CAUTIONtire Pressure warning does not appear if the low vehicle damage could occur and may lead to an accident and could . The TPMS is not a substitute for thetire pressure warning light illuminates to indicate result in serious personal injury. regular tire pressure check. Be surea TPMS malfunction. Check the tire pressure for all four to check the tire pressure regularly.For additional information, see “Dot matrix liquidcrystal display” later in this section and “Tire tires. Adjust the tire pressure to the . If the vehicle is being driven at recommended COLD tire pressure speeds of less than 16 MPH (25Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)” in the “5. shown on the Tire and Loading km/h), the TPMS may not operateStarting and driving” section. Information label to turn the low correctly. tire pressure warning light OFF. If . Be sure to install the specified size the light still illuminates while driv- of tires to the four wheels correctly. ing after adjusting the tire pressure, a tire may be flat. If you have a flat tire, repair it as soon as possible. Instruments and controls 2-17
  • 147. Master warning light (red/ fastened. At the same time, the chime will sound . The supplemental air bag warning lightyellow) for approximately 6 seconds unless the driver’s remains on after approximately 7 seconds. seat belt is securely fastened. . The supplemental air bag warning lightThere are two types of master warning lights: The seat belt warning light for the front flashes intermittently.yellow and red. These lights illuminate if any passenger will illuminate if the seat belt is notwarning lights or indicator lights are illuminated . The supplemental air bag warning light does fastened when the front passenger’s seat isor if various vehicle information warnings appear not illuminate at all. occupied. The front passenger seat belt warningin the dot matrix liquid crystal display. light does not activate until 5 seconds after the Unless checked and repaired, the SupplementalYellow master warning light: power switch is in the ON position. Restraint Systems and/or the pretensioners may not function properly.The yellow master warning light is located on the See “Seat belts” in the “1. Safety—Seats, seatupper display. For additional information, see “Supplemental belts and supplemental restraint system” section for precautions on seat belt usage. restraint system” in the “1. Safety—Seats, seatThis light illuminates when a yellow warning light belts and supplemental restraint system” sec-on the lower display is illuminated or when a Supplemental air bag warning tion.message is displayed on the dot matrix liquidcrystal display. light After turning the power switch to the ON WARNINGRed master warning light:The red master warning light is located on the position, the supplemental air bag warning light If the supplemental air bag warningupper display. will illuminate. The supplemental air bag warning light is on, it could mean that the front light will turn off after about 7 seconds if the air bag, side air bag, curtain air bagThis light illuminates when a red warning light on supplemental front air bag and supplementalthe lower display is illuminated or when a and/or pretensioner systems will not side air bag, curtain side-impact air bag systems operate in an accident. To help avoidwarning is displayed on the dot matrix liquid and/or pretensioner seat belt are operational.crystal display. injury to yourself or others, have your If any of the following conditions occur, the front vehicle checked by a NISSAN certified Seat belt warning light air bag, side air bag, curtain air bag and LEAF dealer as soon as possible. pretensioner systems need servicing and yourThe light and chime remind you to fasten seat vehicle must be taken to your nearest NISSANbelts. The light illuminates whenever the power certified LEAF dealer.switch is placed in the ON position, and willremain illuminated until the driver’s seat belt is2-18 Instruments and controls
  • 148. Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) brake is released, the indicator and the master OFF depending on how the front passengerwarning light warning light turn off. seat is being used. If the indicator light blinks after the power switch For front passenger air bag status light opera-The light will blink when the Vehicle Dynamic in the ON or READY to drive position and it tion, see “NISSAN Advanced Air Bag SystemControl (VDC) system is operating, thus alerting continues after the parking brake is applied and (front seats)” in the “1. Safety—Seats, seat beltsthe driver that the vehicle is nearing its traction released, there is malfunction in the electric and supplemental restraint system” section oflimits. The road surface may be slippery. parking brake. this manual.When the VDC warning light illuminates with Contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer.VDC system turned on, this light alerts the driver High beam indicator lightto the fact that the VDC system’s fail-safe mode Exterior light indicator This light illuminates when the headlight highis operating, for example the VDC system may beam is on and goes out when the low beam isnot be functioning properly. Have the system This indicator illuminates when the headlight switch is turned to the AUTO (if so equipped), selected.checked by a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. If amalfunction occurs in the system, the VDC or position and the front parking lights, Plug in indicator lightsystem function will be canceled but the vehicle side maker lights, tail and license plate lights are on. The indicator turns off when these lights are This light illuminates while charge connector isis still driveable. For additional information, see turned off. connected to the vehicle and blinks during“Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) system” in the charging.“5. Starting and driving” of this manual. Front fog light indicator light (if so equipped) NOTE: If the charge connector is connected to theINDICATOR LIGHTS The front fog light indicator light illuminates vehicle, the power switch can not be when the front fog lights are on. See “Fog light placed in the READY to drive position. or Electric parking brake switch” later in this section.indicator light Power limitation indicator light Front passenger air bag statusWhen the power switch is in the ON position, When the power limitation indicator light isthe light illuminates when the electric parking light illuminated, the power provided to the tractionbrake is applied and turns off if the electric The front passenger air bag status light (located motor is reduced. Therefore the vehicle is not asparking brake is released. At the same time the on the center of the instrument panel) will be lit responsive when the accelerator is depressedmaster warning light (red) turns on. If the parking and the passenger front air bag will be turned while the power limitation light is illuminated. Instruments and controls 2-19
  • 149. When this light comes on, the warning display If the indicator illuminate when a part in the EV . Certain EV (Electric Vehicle) system mal-appears on the navigation display and the dot system has malfunctioned. If the indicator functions.matrix liquid crystal display. Follow the instruc- illuminates in a situation other than those . The READY to drive indicator light turns offtions provided on the navigation display. described above, or if it does not turn off, there immediately before the Li-ion battery isThis light illuminates in the following conditions. may be a system malfunction. Contact a completely discharged If the Li-ion battery NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. becomes completely discharged, the vehicle. Li-ion battery available charge is extremely low must be charged in order to be driven. See WARNING “Low battery charge warning light” earlier in. Li-ion battery temperature is very low this section. (approximately −48F (−208C)) Power limitation mode can result in. When the temperature of EV system is high reduced power and vehicle speed. The Security indicator light (motor, inverter, coolant system, Li-ion bat- reduced speed may be lower than other This light blinks when the power switch is in the tery etc.) traffic, which could increase the chance ACC, OFF or LOCK position. This function of a collision. Be especially careful. When the EV system has a malfunction. when driving. If the vehicle cannot indicates the security system equipped on theIf the low battery charge warning light is vehicle is operational. maintain a safe driving speed, pull toilluminated, charge the Li-ion battery as soon the side of the road in a safe area. If the security system is malfunctioning, this lightas possible. Charge the Li-ion battery if the charge will remain on while the power switch is in theIf this indicator illuminates because the Li-ion is low or allow the Li-ion battery to cool. ON position. For additional information, seebattery is cold due to low outside temperatures, “Security systems” later in this section.move the vehicle to a warmer location. The Li-ion Turn signal/hazard indicatorbattery temperature may be increased by char- READY to drive indicator lightging the Li-ion battery. lights The READY to drive indicator light illuminatesIf the light illuminates when the EV system when the EV (Electric Vehicle) System is This light flashes when the turn signal switchbecomes hot due to continuous hill climbing powered and the vehicle may be driven. lever or hazard switch is turned on.either continue driving at a slower safe speed, or The READY to drive indicator light will turn off instop the vehicle in a safe location. If this the following conditions.indicator does not turn off, contact a NISSANcertified dealer.2-20 Instruments and controls
  • 150. Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) Brake pad wear warning Seat belt warning chimeoff indicator light The disc brake pads have audible wear warn- The seat belt warning chime will sound for about ings. When a brake pad requires replacement, it 6 seconds unless the driver’s seat belt isThis light illuminates when the Vehicle Dynamic will make a high pitched scraping sound when securely fastened.Control (VDC) switch is pushed to OFF. This the vehicle is in motion. This scraping sound willindicates that the VDC system is not operating. 12-volt battery charge warning first occur only when the brake pedal isSee “Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) system” in chime depressed. After more wear of the brake pad,the “5. Starting and driving” section. the sound will always be heard even if the brake If the 12-volt battery charge warning lightAUDIBLE REMINDERS pedal is not depressed. Have the brakes illuminates, the chime will sound when a warning checked as soon as possible if the warning message is displayed on the dot matrix crystalKey reminder chime sound is heard. display on the lower display.A chime will sound if the driver’s side door is When the chime sounds, immediately stop theopened while the power switch is pushed to the Electric parking brake reminder vehicle in a safe location and push the P positionON or ACC position. chime switch on the selector lever and apply electricMake sure that the power switch is pushed to The electric parking brake reminder chime will parking brake. The 12-volt battery chargethe OFF position, and take the Intelligent Key sound in the following conditions: warning light turns off on the lower display andwith you when leaving the vehicle. . The electric parking brake reminder chime the chime will stop when the parking brake is will sound if the vehicle is driven at more applied or the vehicle is placed in the P (Park)Light reminder chime than 2 MPH (3 km/h) with the electric position. Contact a NISSAN certified LEAFThe light reminder chime will sound when the parking brake applied without seat belt dealer for support. For details of the meterdriver side door is opened with the light switch fastened. Stop the vehicle and release the warnings, see “12-volt battery charge warningin the or position, and the power electric parking brake. light” earlier in this section.switch in the ACC, OFF or LOCK position. . When the electric parking brake switch is Electric shift control system remin-Turn the light switch off when you leave the pulled or pushed while driving.vehicle. der chime . When the electric parking brake is applied If an improper shift operation is performed, for and the vehicle moves backward or forward safety reasons a chime will sound and at the the chime will sound. same time, depending on the conditions, the operation will be cancelled or the shift position Instruments and controls 2-21
  • 151. DOT MATRIX LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAYwill switch to the N position. driving checks and adjustments” section.For more details, see “Driving vehicle” in the “5.Starting and driving” section.Power switch reminder chime (if soequipped)The power switch reminder chime will soundwhen the driver’s door is opened while thepower switch is in the ON or READY position.Push the power switch to the OFF position. The dot matrix liquid crystal display * is located 1 in the lower display, and it displays charging related information, Average electricity con- sumption/Instant electricity consumption, Aver- age vehicle speed, Driving distance/Driving time (Elapsed time), shift position indicator, the cruise control, the Intelligent Key operation information and other warnings and information. For details about the odometer, see “Odometer/ twin trip odometer” earlier in this section. For details about the cruise control, see “Cruise control” in the “5. Starting and driving” section. For the details about the Intelligent Key system, see “Intelligent Key system” in the “3. Pre-2-22 Instruments and controls
  • 152. INDICATORS FOR OPERATION Instruments and controls 2-23
  • 153. 1. READY to drive position opera- 3. Intelligent Key battery discharge closed.tion indicator indicator This warning also appears alternating withThis indicator appears while the vehicle is in the This indicator appears when the Intelligent Key SHIFT "P" warning while the driver’s door isP (Park) position. This indicator means that the battery is running out of power. opened with the shift position in any positionEV (Electric Vehicle) system will start when the other than the P (Park) position. See “27. SHIFT If this indicator appears, replace the battery with "P" warning” later in this section.power switch is pressed with the brake pedal a new one. (See “Intelligent Key battery replace-depressed. ment” in the “8. Maintenance and do-it-yourself” 6. Intelligent Key system warning2. Key is not detected warning section.) This warning appears if there is a malfunction inThis warning appears in either of the following 4. EV system operation for dis- the Intelligent Key system.conditions. charged Intelligent Key system in- If this warning appears while the power switch position is in the ON position, the power switchNo key inside the vehicle: dicator can not be switched to the READY to driveThis warning appears when the door is closed This indicator appears when the Intelligent Key position. If this warning appears while powerwith the Intelligent Key left outside the vehicle battery is running out of power and when the switch is in the READY to drive position, theand the power switch in the ACC or ON Intelligent Key System and vehicle are not vehicle can be driven. However, contact aposition. Make sure that the Intelligent Key is communicating normally. NISSAN certified LEAF dealer.inside the vehicle. If this indicator appears, touch the power switchUnregistered Intelligent Key: with the Intelligent Key while depressing the 7. Driver alertThis warning appears when the power switch is brake pedal. (See “Intelligent Key battery dis- This warning appears when the previously setplaced in the ON, ACC or READY to drive charge” in the “5. Starting and driving” section.) time for a break is reached. You can set the timeposition and the Intelligent Key can not be for up to 6 hours in the setting menu. (See “Trip 5. Door/rear hatch open warning computer” later in this section.)recognized by the system. You cannot place thepower switch in the READY to drive position (power switch is in the ON position) This warning appears if any of the doors and/or 8. Low outside air temperaturewith an unregistered key. Use an Intelligent Key the rear hatch are open or not closed securely. The outside air temperature is displayed in 8F orthat has been registered. The vehicle icon indicates which door, or the 8C in the range of −208F to 1408F (−308C toSee “Intelligent Key system” in the “3. Pre- 608C). rear hatch, is open on the display. Make suredriving checks and adjustments” section for that all of the doors and the rear hatch aremore details.2-24 Instruments and controls
  • 154. The outside air temperature mode includes a low 12. Remove charge connector warn- and the chime sounds. When this occurs, checktemperature warning feature. If the outside air ing the shift position indicator by the shift lever ortemperature is below 378F (38C), the warning is dot matrix crystal display in the meter to makedisplayed on the screen. This warning appears when the power switch is sure that shifting has been performed properly. in the ACC or ON position and if the power Contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer asThe outside temperature sensor is located in switch is pushed to the READY to drive positionfront side of the vehicle. The sensor may be soon as possible. with the brake pedal depressed, while theaffected by road, wind directions and other charge connector is inserted to the vehicle. 15. Shift position warningdriving conditions. The display may differ from Remove the charge connector.the actual outside temperature or the tempera- This warning appears if the system cannotture displayed on various signs of billboards. 13. Electric shift control system detect the shift position. Make sure the vehicle is placed in a position properly. warning9. Low washer fluid warning (for The master warning light (red) also illuminatesCanada) This message appears if there is malfunction in and the chime sounds. Check the shift position the electric shift control system.This warning appears when the washer tank fluid of the vehicle.is at a low level. Add washer fluid as necessary. This message appears when the parking brake(See “Window washer fluid” in the “8. Main- is not applied, even after the vehicle has been 16. Li-ion battery low charge warn-tenance and do-it-yourself” section.) parked. The master warning light (red) also ing illuminates and the chime sounds. This indicator appears when the Li-ion battery is10. Light reminder warning Apply parking brake. The message in the dot getting low. The low battery charge warning lightThis warning appears when the power switch is matrix display turns off and the chime stops. and the master warning light (yellow) alsoturned to the OFF position but the headlight Have the system checked by a NISSAN certified illuminate. Charge the Li-ion battery as soon asswitch is still ON. Turn off the headlight switch. LEAF dealer. possible. The [i] symbol is shown on the dot matrix liquid crystal display, this indicates that11. Plug in indicator 14. Shift control system (T/M) further information is available on the navigationThis indicator appears when the charge con- warning display. Check the navigation display for furthernector is connected. This warning appears if there is a malfunction in information and instructions.If the charge connector is connected to the the electric shift control system but operation ofvehicle, the power switch can not be placed in the electric shift control is still possible. Thethe READY to drive position. master warning (yellow) light also illuminates Instruments and controls 2-25
  • 155. 17. Power limitation warning applied. 22. DC/DC converter warningThis display appears when the Li-ion battery . When the accelerator pedal is depressed This warning appears if the DC/DC convertercapacity is getting too low to move the vehicle or and the vehicle starts to move while the system is not functioning properly. The 12-voltif there is any reason to limit traction power (Li- parking brake is applied and the driver’s seat battery charge warning (red) light also and theion battery low or high temperature etc.). The belt is not fastened. master warning light illuminate. Stop the vehiclepower limitation indicator light and the master in a safe location and contact a NISSANwarning light (yellow) also illuminate. The [i] 20. Electric parking brake malfunc- certified LEAF dealer.symbol is shown on the dot matrix liquid crystal tion warningdisplay, this indicates that further information is This message appears if there is malfunction in 23. Apply parking brake warningavailable on the navigation display. Check the the electric parking brake system. Contact a This warning appears if the DC/DC converternavigation display for further information and NISSAN certified LEAF dealer for repair as soon system is not functioning properly after theinstructions. as possible. “Stop the vehicle” message above. If this warning appears on the display, stop the vehicle18. Press brake pedal warning 21. Electric parking brake overheat in a safe location and push the P position switchThis warning appears in the following condi- warning on the selector lever. If the parking brake istions: This warning appears when the electric parking applied, the display turns off. Contact a NISSAN. When the electric parking brake is applied brake overheats after being applied and re- certified LEAF dealer. and the vehicle starts to move. leased repeatedly within a short period of time. 24. Check tire Pressure warning Wait for a short period of time before operating. When the electric parking brake switch is This warning appears when the low tire pressure the electric parking brake again. This does not pulled and the brake pedal is not depressed warning light in the meter illuminates and low tire indicate a malfunction. While this warning is while the electric parking brake is applied. pressure is detected. If this warning appears, displayed, the electric parking brake can be released but can not be applied. Operate the stop the vehicle and adjust the tire pressure to19. Electric parking brake release electric parking brake again after approximately the recommended COLD tire pressure shownwarning on the Tire and Loading Information label. (See 1 minute.This warning appears in the following condi- “Low tire pressure warning light” earlier in thistions: section and “TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING. When the vehicle speed is above 2 MPH (3 SYSTEM (TPMS)” in the “5. Starting and km/h) and the electric parking brake is driving” section.)2-26 Instruments and controls
  • 156. 25. Cruise control indicator 27. SHIFT "P" warning (if soCruise main switch indicator: equipped)This indicator is displayed when the cruise This warning appears alternating with door/rearcontrol main switch is pushed. When the main hatch open warning when the driver’s door isswitch is pushed again, the indicator disap- opened with the shift position in any positionpears. When the cruise control main switch other than the P (Park) position. See “5. Door/indicator is displayed, the cruise control system rear hatch open warning (power switch is in theis operational. ON position) ” earlier in this section. If thisCruise set switch indicator: warning appears, push the P position switch and place in the P (Park) position.This indicator is displayed while the vehiclespeed is controlled by the cruise control system.If the indicator blinks while the power switch is inthe READY to drive position, it may indicate thatthe cruise control system is not functioningproperly. Have the system checked by a TRIP COMPUTERNISSAN certified LEAF dealer. Switches for the trip computer are located on the left side of the combination meter panel. ToSee “Cruise control” in the “5. Starting and operate the trip computer, push the switchesdriving” section for details. * A switch26. Shift position indicator * B switchThe shift position indicator shows the vehicleposition when the power switch is in the ON or When the power switch is pushed to the ONREADY to drive position. For more details, see position, modes of the trip computer can be“Driving vehicle” in the “5. Starting and driving” selected by pushing the switch *. Asection of this manual. Each time the switch * is pushed, the A display will change as follows: Charging time ? Energy economy ? Average speed ? Driving distance and elapsed time? Instruments and controls 2-27
  • 157. Setting ? Warning check . Outside temperature . Li-ion battery temperature . Available electrical power supplied to the charger NOTE: . Immediately after charging has fin- ished, the charge time will be displayed as “----”. . The estimated charging time stops updating if the air conditioner is turned on while the Li-ion battery is charging. The estimated charging time updates approximately 15 minutes after the air conditioner is turned off. 2. Energy economy Average energy economy: The average energy economy mode shows the average energy economy since the last reset. Resetting the average energy economy is done by pushing and holding the switch * for B 1. Charging time longer than 1 second. (The average speed is Displays the estimated time to a full Li-ion also reset at the same time.) charge (80% or 100%). The display is updated every 30 seconds. At The time needed to charge the Li-ion battery about the first 0.3 mile (500 m) after a reset, the charges based on: display shows “----”.2-28 Instruments and controls
  • 158. Instant energy economy: 4. Driving distance and elapsed timeThe instant energy economy mode shows the Driving distance:instant energy economy via a moving bar graph. The driving distance mode shows the totalWhen regenerated energy is being stored in the distance (miles or km) the vehicle has beenLi-ion battery while driving, the instant energy driven since the last reset. The distance can beeconomy display will show the maximum value. reset by pushing the switch * for longer BThe maximum value will then continue to be than 1 second. (The elapsed time is also reset atdisplayed until the regenerated power is con- the same time.)sumed. Elapsed time:3. Average speed The elapsed time mode shows the time sinceThe average speed mode shows the average the last reset. The displayed time can be resetvehicle speed (MPH or km/h) since the last by pushing the switch * for longer than 1 Breset. The average speed (MPH or km/h) can be second. (The driving distance is also reset at thereset by pushing the switch * for longer B same time.)than 1 second.The display is updated every 30 seconds. Forthe first 30 seconds after a reset, the displayshows “----”. 5. Settings Settings cannot be accessed while driving. The message, “settings can only be ac- cessed when stationary” is also displayed on the dot matrix liquid crystal display. The switch * A and switch * B are Instruments and controls 2-29
  • 159. used in the settings mode. . Tire . BackPush the switch * to scroll through B the Select this submenu to set or reset the Select this submenu to return to the topmenus. distance for replacement of the tires. page of the settings mode.Push the switch * to select a menu. A . Other -1, -2 and -3 . TemperatureSkip: Select this submenu to set or reset the . Speed distance for replaceable/maintenance items.Push the switch * to move to the warning A Language: Up to three other items can be monitored.check mode. Select this submenu to choose the language Set other items if required.Push the switch * to select other menus. B Alarms: displayed.Clock: To return to the top page of the settings mode, The alarms menu can be set to notify theThe clock can be adjusted in this menu. select “BACK”. following items. There are 3 submenus under. Back the alarms menu. Effects: Select this submenu to return to the top . Back The start up sound can be selected or turned off page of the settings mode. Select this submenu to return to the top from this menu.. Set Clock page of the settings mode. 5 submenus under the effects menu. Adjust the time (hour and minute) of the . Driver Alert When a menu item is selected, the selected clock. Select this submenu to set the driver alert sound plays.. 24/12Hr (24 hours or 12 hours) period. . Back Select either the 24-hour clock display or . Outside temp Select this submenu to return to the top the 12-hour display. Select this submenu to display the low page of the settings mode.Maintenance: outside temperature (On or Off). . Sound 1There are 5 submenus under the maintenance Units: . Sound 2menu. Units displayed can be set for the following . Sound 3. Back items on this menu. . Off Select this submenu to return to the top page of the settings mode.2-30 Instruments and controls
  • 160. Factory settings: WARNING INFORMATION DIS-Select this menu to reset all values to the factory PLAYSdefault settings except for the odometer set-tings. Low battery warning When the low battery charge warning lightNOTE: and the master warning light (yellow)When resetting to the factory settings, all illuminate, the system displays a message onprevious settings made are restored to the the navigation screen that warns the driver thatdefault settings. the Li-ion battery power level is low.To return to the top page of the settings mode,select “BACK”. 6. Warning check Skip: Push the switch * to move to the A Estimated charge time display. Push the switch * to select another menu. B Detail: This item is available only when a warning is displayed. Select this menu to see details of warnings. Instruments and controls 2-31
  • 161. Limited power warning When the Li-ion battery power level is extremely low or the Li-ion battery malfunctions, the power limitation indicator and the master warning light (yellow) illuminate in the meter and the system displays a message on the navigation screen in order to inform the driver that power output is restricted.1. The notification is displayed on the upper left 2. The system displays a message screen and side of the screen. Touch [Show] to display announces the contents of the message to the screen showing detailed information. warn that the Li-ion battery power level is low. Check the message displayed on the screen. Touch [Nearby Charging Station] to search all charging stations that are located around the current vehicle position. 3. Touch [BACK] or push the MAP button to return to the vehicle location screen. NOTE: . The low battery warning can be set to off. See LEAF Navigation System Own- er’s Manual. . When the battery power level is low, the system automatically obtains char- ging station information.2-32 Instruments and controls
  • 162. 1. The notification is displayed on the upper left 2. The system displays a message screen and side of the screen. Touch [Show] to display announces the contents of the message to the screen showing detailed information. warn that power output is restricted and inform the driver of the reason for this occurrence and what action is to be taken. INDICATORS FOR MAINTENANCE 1. Tire replacement indicator This indicator appears when the customer set distance comes for replacing tires. You can set or reset the distance for replacing tires. (See “Trip computer” earlier in this section.) Instruments and controls 2-33
  • 163. 2. 3. 4. “Other” indicator WARNING These indicators appears when the customer The tire replacement indicator is not a set distance comes for checking or replacing substitute for regular tire checks, in- maintenance items other than the tires. Other cluding tire pressure checks. See maintenance items can include such things as “Changing wheels and tires” in the “8. the tire rotation. You can set or reset the Maintenance and do-it-yourself” sec- distance for checking or replacing the items. tion. Many factors including tire infla- (See “Trip computer” earlier in this section.) For tion, alignment, driving habits and road scheduled maintenance items and intervals, see conditions affect tire wear and when your NISSAN Service and Maintenance Guide. tires should be replaced. Setting the tire replacement indicator for a certain driving distance does not mean your tires will last that long. Use the tire replacement indicator as a guide only and always perform regular tire checks. Failure to perform regular tire checks, including tire pressure checks could result in tire failure. Serious vehicle damage could occur and may lead to a collision, which could result in serious personal injury or death. INDICATOR FOR TIMER When the power switch is turned off, this display appears for 10 seconds. If the switch * isA pushed within 10 seconds, the display can be selected and each setting information display can be confirmed.2-34 Instruments and controls
  • 164. SECURITY SYSTEMS1. Timer setting status (charging and The system helps deter vehicle theft but cannotClimate Ctrl.) prevent it, nor can it prevent the theft of interior or exterior vehicle components in all situations.The timer setting status (ON or OFF) of the Always secure your vehicle even if parking for acharge and the climate control can be checked. brief period. Never leave your keys in the vehicle,2. Charging timer setting confirma- and always lock it when it is left unattended. Be aware of your surroundings, and park in secure,tion well-lit areas whenever possible.The charging timer starting hours, minutes and Many devices offering additional protection,days for the next charge time that has been set such as component locks, identification markers,can be checked. and tracking systems, are available at auto3. Charging time supply stores and specialty shops. YourDisplays the estimated time to charge the Li-ion NISSAN certified LEAF dealer may also offerbattery to the customer selected charge level such equipment. Check with your insurance(80% or 100%). Your vehicle has two types of security systems, company to see if you may be eligible for as follows: discounts for various theft protection features.4. Climate Ctrl. Timer setting con- . Vehicle security systemfirmation . NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer SystemThe set time for ending hours and days of theClimate Ctrl. Timer is displayed. The security status is shown by the security indicator light. VEHICLE SECURITY SYSTEM The vehicle security system provides visual and audio alarm signals if someone opens the doors, or rear hatch when the system is armed. It is not, however, a motion detection type system that activates when a vehicle is moved or when a vibration occurs. Instruments and controls 2-35
  • 165. . any request switch . The alarm automatically turns off after . the power door lock switch approximately 50 seconds. However, the . the mechanical key alarm reactivates if the vehicle is tampered 4. Confirm that the security indicator light with again. illuminates. The security indicator light stays The alarm is activated by: on for about 30 seconds. The vehicle . Unlocking the door without using the security system is now pre-armed. After Intelligent Key, the request switch or the about 30 seconds the vehicle security key. (Even if the door is opened by releasing system automatically shifts into the armed the door inside lock knob, the alarm will phase. The security light begins to flash activate.) once every approximately 3 seconds. If, during this 30-second pre-arm time period, How to stop an activated alarm the door is unlocked, or the power switch is The alarm will stop when a door is unlocked by placed in the ACC or ON position, the pushing the UNLOCK button on the system will not arm. Intelligent Key, door handle request switch orHow to arm the vehicle security Even when the driver and/or passengers using the mechanical key, or when the powersystem are in the vehicle, the system will activate switch is pushed in the ACC or ON position.1. Close all windows. with all doors locked and the power switch If the system does not operate as de- The system can be armed even if the in the OFF position. When placing the scribed above, have it checked by a windows are open. power switch to the ACC or ON position, NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. the system will be released.2. Place the power switch in the LOCK or OFF position and remove the Intelligent Key from NISSAN VEHICLE IMMOBILIZER Vehicle security system activation the vehicle. SYSTEM The vehicle security system will give the follow-3. Close all doors. Lock all doors. The doors The NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer System will not ing alarm: can be locked with: allow the power switch to be placed in the . the LOCK . The headlights blink and the horn sounds READY to drive position without the use of the button on the Intelligent intermittently. registered key. Key If the power switch fails to place the vehicle into2-36 Instruments and controls
  • 166. the READY to drive position using the registered ence received, including interference thatkey, it may be due to interference caused by may cause undesired operation.another registered key, an automated toll road NOTE:device or automated payment device on the keyring. Restart the EV system using the following Changes or modifications not expresslyprocedure: approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority1. Leave the power switch in the ON position to operate the equipment. for approximately 5 seconds. For Canada:2. Place the power switch in the OFF position and wait approximately 10 seconds. This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to3. Repeat step 1 and 2 again. the following two conditions: (1) this4. Place the power switch in the READY to device may not cause interference, and drive position while holding the device (2) this device must accept any interfer- (which may have caused the interference) ence, including interference that may separate from the registered key. cause undesired operation of the device. Security indicator light If this procedure allows power switch in the The security indicator light is located on the READY to drive mode, NISSAN recom- meter panel. It indicates the status of the mends placing the registered key on a NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer System. separate key ring to avoid interference from The light blinks after the power switch was in the other devices. ACC or OFF position. This function indicates theFCC Notice: security systems equipped on the vehicle are operational.For USA: If the NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer System isThis device complies with Part 15 of the malfunctioning, this light will remain on while theFCC Rules. Operation is subject to the power switch is in the ON position.following two conditions: (1) This devicemay not cause harmful interference, and If the light still remains on and/or the(2) this device must accept any interfer- power switch cannot be placed in the READY to drive position, see a NISSAN Instruments and controls 2-37
  • 167. WINDSHIELD WIPER AND WASHER SWITCHcertified LEAF dealer for a NISSAN Vehicle reservoir tank. Do not use theImmobilizer System service as soon as WARNING window washer reservoir tank topossible. Please bring all registered keys mix the washer fluid concentratethat you have when visiting a NISSAN In freezing temperatures the washer and water.certified LEAF dealer for service. solution may freeze on the windshield and obscure your vision which may lead If the windshield wiper operation is inter- to an accident. Warm the windshield rupted by snow or ice, the wiper may stop with the defroster before you wash the moving to protect its motor. If this occurs, windshield. turn the wiper switch to the OFF position and remove the snow or ice that is on and around the wiper arms. In approximately 1 CAUTION minute, turn the switch on again to operate the wiper. . Do not operate the washer continu- ously for more than 30 seconds. . Do not operate the washer if the reservoir tank is empty. . Do not fill the window washer reservoir tank with washer fluid concentrates at full strength. Some methyl alcohol based washer fluid concentrates may permanently stain the grille if spilled while filling the window washer reservoir tank. . Pre-mix washer fluid concentrates with water to the manufacturer’s recommended levels before pouring the fluid into the window washer2-38 Instruments and controls
  • 168. REAR WINDOW WIPER AND WASHER SWITCH wiper will automatically operate several times. WARNING In freezing temperatures the washer solution may freeze on the rear window glass and obscure your vision. Warm the rear window with the defroster before you wash the rear window. CAUTION . Do not operate the washer continu- ously for more than 30 seconds.The windshield wiper and washer operates . Do not operate the washer if thewhen the power switch is in the ON position. reservoir tank is empty.Push the lever down to operate the wiper at the . Do not fill the window washerfollowing speed: reservoir tank with washer fluid* Intermittent — intermittent operation can be1 concentrates at full strength. Some adjusted by turning the knob toward * (Slower) A methyl alcohol based washer fluid or * (Faster). B concentrates may permanently stain* Low — continuous low speed operation2 the grille if spilled while filling the* High — continuous high speed operation3 window washer reservoir tank.* MIST — one sweep operation of the wiper4 . Pre-mix washer fluid concentratesWASHER OPERATION with water to the manufacturer’sTo operate the washer, pull the lever toward the recommended levels before pouringback of the vehicle * until the desired amount 5 the fluid into the window washerof washer fluid is spread on the windshield. The reservoir tank. Do not use the Instruments and controls 2-39
  • 169. REAR WINDOW AND OUTSIDE MIRROR DEFROSTER SWITCH window washer reservoir tank to mix the washer fluid concentrate and water.If the rear window wiper operation isinterrupted by snow etc., the wiper maystop moving to protect its motor. If thisoccurs, turn the wiper switch to the OFFposition and remove the snow etc. on andaround the wiper arms. After about 1minute, turn the switch ON again tooperate the wiper. The rear window wiper and washer operate To defog/defrost the rear window glass and when the power switch is in the ON position. outside mirrors (if so equipped), place the Turn the switch clockwise from the OFF position power switch in the ON position and push the to operate the wiper. switch * on. The indicator light * will 1 2 * Intermittent (INT) — intermittent operation 1 illuminate. Push the switch again to turn the (not adjustable) defroster off. *Low (ON) — continuous low speed operation 2 It will automatically turn off in approximately 15 minutes. Push the switch forward * to operate the 3 washer. Then the wiper will also operate several times. CAUTION When cleaning the inner side of the rear window, be careful not to scratch or damage the rear window defroster.2-40 Instruments and controls
  • 170. INSTRUMENT BRIGHTNESS HEADLIGHT AND TURN SIGNALCONTROL SWITCH If the button * is pushed again, the instrument 1 lights are turned on to the lowest brightness setting.The instrument brightness control switch can be HEADLIGHT SWITCHoperated when the power switch is in the ONposition. When the switch is operated, the dot Lightingmatrix liquid crystal display switches to the * Turn the switch to the 1 position:brightness adjustment mode. The front park, side marker, tail, license plate andPush the switch * to display the setting menu 1 instrument lights will come on.of the brightness control on the dot matrix liquid *2 Turn the switch to the position:crystal display. The headlights will come on and all the other lights will remain on.Push the * button to move the bar to the + 1side. If the bar reaches the maximum brightness,a chime will sound. If the button * is pushed 1again when the brightness is at the maximumsetting, the instrument lights turn off. Instruments and controls 2-41
  • 171. headlights when it is light. For US models: The headlights will also be turned on automatically at twilight or in rainy weather (when the windshield wiper is operated continuously). If the power switch is placed in the OFF position and one of the doors is opened and this condition continues, the headlights remain on for 5 minutes. Automatic headlights off delay: You can keep the headlights on for up to 180 seconds after you push the power switch to OFF and open any door then close all the doors.Autolight system (if so equipped) You can adjust the period of the automatic Be sure not to put anything on top of the headlights off delay from 0 seconds (OFF) to photo sensor * located on the top of the 1The autolight system allows the headlights to be 180 seconds. The factory default setting is 45 instrument panel. The photo sensor con-set so they turn on and off automatically. seconds. trols the autolight; if it is covered, theTo set the autolight system: For automatic headlights off delay setting, see photo sensor reacts as if it is dark and the1. Make sure the headlight switch is in the the LEAF Navigation System Owner’s Manual. headlights will illuminate. AUTO position *. 12. Place the power switch in the ON position.3. The autolight system automatically turns the headlights on and off.To turn the autolight system off, turn the switchto the OFF, or position.The autolight system can turn on the headlightsautomatically when it is dark and turn off the2-42 Instruments and controls
  • 172. Battery saver system Daytime running light system (for . When the headlight switch is in the or Canada) position while the power switch is in the The daytime running lights automatically illumi- ON position, the lights will automatically turn nate when the power switch is in the READY to off 5 minutes after the power switch has drive position with the parking brake released. been placed in the OFF position. The daytime running lights operate with the . When the headlight switch remains in the headlight switch in the OFF position. Turn or position after the lights auto- headlight switch to the position for full matically turn off, the lights will turn on when illumination when driving at night. the power switch is placed in the ON If the parking brake is applied before the power position. switch is in the READY to drive position, daytime running lights do not operate. The daytime CAUTION running lights illuminate once the parking brake is released. The daytime running lights willHeadlight beam select . When you turn on the headlight remain on until the power switch is pushed to* To select the low beam, put the lever in the neutral1 switch again after the lights auto- the OFF position. position as shown. matically turn off, the lights will not* To select the high beam, push the lever forward2 turn off automatically. Be sure to while the switch is in the position. Pull it back turn the light switch to the OFF to select the low beam. position when you leave the vehicle*3 Pulling the lever toward you will flash the headlight for extended periods of time, other- high beam even when the headlight switch is in wise the battery will be discharged. the OFF position. . Never leave the light switch on when the power switch is in the OFF, ACC or ON position for ex- tended periods of time even if the headlights turn off automatically. Instruments and controls 2-43
  • 173. FOG LIGHT SWITCH (if so equipped)Headlight Aiming Control TURN SIGNAL SWITCH To turn the fog lights on, turn the headlight switch to the position, then turn the switchManual type: * Turn signal 1 to the position. To turn them off, turn theDepending on the number of occupants in the Move the lever up or down to signal the turning switch to the OFF position.vehicle and the load it is carrying, the headlight direction. When the turn is completed, the turn The headlights must be on for the fog lights toaxis may be higher than desired. If the vehicle is signals cancel automatically. operate.traveling on a hilly road, the headlights maydirectly hit the rearview mirror of the vehicle * Lane change signal 2ahead or the windshield of the oncoming To indicate a lane change, move the lever up orvehicle. The light axis can be lowered with the down to the point where lights begin flashing.operation of the switch.The larger the number designated on the switch,the lower the axis.When traveling with no heavy load or on a flatroad, select position 0.2-44 Instruments and controls
  • 174. HAZARD WARNING FLASHERSWITCH HEATED STEERING WHEEL . Turn signals do not work when the hazard warning flasher lights are on. The flasher can be actuated with the power switch in any position. Some state laws may prohibit the use of the hazard warning flasher switch while driving.Push the switch on to warn other drivers when The heated steering wheel system is designedyou must stop or park under emergency condi- to operate only when the surface temperature oftions. All turn signal lights will flash. the steering wheel is below approximately 688F (208C). WARNING Push the heated steering wheel switch to warm the steering wheel when the power switch is in . If stopping for an emergency, be the ON position. The indicator light * on the 1 sure to move the vehicle well off the switch will illuminate. road. If the surface temperature of the steering wheel . Do not use the hazard warning is below approximately 688F (208C), the system flashers while moving on the high- will heat the steering wheel and cycle off and on way unless unusual circumstances to maintain a temperature above 688F (208C). force you to drive so slowly that The indicator light will remain on as long as the your vehicle might become a hazard system is on. to other traffic. Instruments and controls 2-45
  • 175. HORN HEATED SEATSPush the switch again to turn the heatedsteering wheel system off manually. The indica- WARNINGtor light turn off. Do not use or allow occupants to useNOTE: the seat heater if you or the occupants. If the surface temperature of the steer- cannot monitor elevated seat tempera- ing wheel is above 688F (208C) when tures or have an inability to feel pain in the switch is turned on, the system will those body parts in contact with the not heat the steering wheel. This is not seat. Use of the seat heater by such a malfunction. people could result in serious injury.. If the outside temperature is low (ap- proximately 508F (108C) or less) and the Climate Ctrl. Timer or Remote Climate CAUTION Control are used, the steering wheel heater will automatically operate in the . Do not use the seat heater for following conditions. To sound the horn, push the center pad area of extended periods or when no one the steering wheel. — When using the Climate Ctrl. Timer: is using the seat. Operates from approximately 15 . Do not put anything on the seat minutes before the set departure WARNING which insulates heat, such as a time until the set departure time. blanket, cushion, seat cover, etc. Do not disassemble the horn. Doing so — When using Remote Climate Con- Otherwise, the seat may become could affect proper operation of the trol: Operates 15 minutes after overheated. supplemental front air bag system. Remote Climate Control starts. Tampering with the supplemental front . Do not place anything hard or heavy. The heated steering wheel consumes air bag system may result in serious on the seat or pierce it with a pin or less power than the heater and can be personal injury. similar object. This may result in used to either help extend vehicle damage to the heater. range by reducing heater use or to maximize comfort by supplementing . Any liquid spilled on the heated seat the heater. should be removed immediately2-46 Instruments and controls
  • 176. with a dry cloth. The front seats and the rear outboard seats can be warmed by built-in heaters. The switches. When cleaning the seat, never use located on the center console and at the side of gasoline, thinner, or any similar the front passenger seatback can be operated materials. independently of each other.. If any abnormalities are found or the 1. Place the power switch in the ON position. heated seat does not operate, turn 2. Push the LO or HI position of the switch, as the switch off and have the system desired, depending on the temperature. The checked by a NISSAN certified LEAF indicator light in the switch will illuminate. dealer. 3. To turn off the heater, return the switch to the level position. Make sure the indicator light goes off. The heater is controlled by a thermostat, Front automatically turning the heater on and off. The indicator light will remain on as long as the switch is on. When the vehicle’s interior is warmed, or before you leave the vehicle, be sure to turn the switch off. NOTE: The heated seats consumes less power than the heater and can be used to either help extend vehicle range by reducing heater use or to maximize comfort by supplementing the heater. Rear Instruments and controls 2-47
  • 177. VEHICLE DYNAMIC CONTROL (VDC)OFF SWITCH POWER OUTLET back on when the power switch is placed in the off position and then placed back in the READY to drive position. See “Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) system” in the “5. Starting and driving” section.The vehicle should be driven with the Vehicle The power outlet is located in the instrumentDynamic Control (VDC) system on for most panel.driving conditions.If the vehicle is stuck in mud or snow, the VDC CAUTIONsystem reduces the traction motor output toreduce wheel spin. The traction motor speed will . The outlet and plug may be hotbe reduced even if the accelerator is depressed during or immediately after use.to the floor. If maximum traction motor power is . Do not use with accessories thatneeded to free a stuck vehicle, turn the VDC exceed a 12-volt, 120W (10A) powersystem off. draw. Do not use double adapters orTo turn off the VDC system, push the VDC OFF more than one electrical accessory.switch. The indicator will illuminate. . Use the power outlet with the powerPush the VDC OFF switch again to turn on the switch is in the ON or READY toVDC system, or the VDC is automatically turned drive position to avoid discharging2-48 Instruments and controls
  • 178. STORAGE the 12-volt battery. CUP HOLDERS. Avoid using the power outlet when the air conditioner, headlights or CAUTION rear window defroster are on.. This power outlet is not designed . Avoid abrupt starting and braking for use with a cigarette lighter unit. when the cup holder is being used to prevent spilling the drink. If the. Push the plug in as far as it will go. liquid is hot, it can scald you or your If good contact is not made, the plug passenger. may overheat or the internal tem- perature fuse may open. . Use only soft cups in the cup holder. Hard objects can injure you in an. Before inserting or disconnecting a accident. plug, make sure that the electrical accessory being used is turned OFF.. When not in use, be sure to close Front the cap. Do not allow water to contact the outlet. Instruments and controls 2-49
  • 179. CAUTION . Do not use for anything other than glasses. . Do not leave glasses in the sun- glasses holder while parking in direct sunlight. The heat may da- mage the glasses.Soft bottle holders SUNGLASSES HOLDER CAUTION WARNING . Do not use the bottle holder for any Keep the sunglasses holder closed other objects that could be thrown while driving to prevent an accident. about in the vehicle and possibly injure people during sudden braking or an accident. To open the sunglasses holder, push *. 1 . Do not use the bottle holder for open liquid containers.2-50 Instruments and controls
  • 180. . Do not leave the cargo cover in the vehicle with it disengaged from the holder. . Properly secure all cargo with ropes or straps to help prevent it from sliding or shifting. Do not place cargo higher than the seatbacks. In a sudden stop or collision, unse- cured cargo could cause personal injury. . Your child could be seriously injured or killed in a collision if the child restraint top tether strap is da- maged.GLOVE BOX CONSOLE BOX — If the cargo cover contacts the To open the console box, push up the knob * A top tether strap when it is at- WARNING and pull up the lid. To close, push the lid down tached to the top tether anchor, until it is latched. remove the cargo cover from the Keep the glove box lid closed while vehicle or secure it on the cargo driving to prevent injury in case of an CARGO COVER (if so equipped) floor below its attachment loca- accident or a sudden stop. tion. If the cargo cover is not WARNING removed, it may damage the topTo open the glove box, pull the handle. tether strap during a collision. . Never put anything on the cargoTo close, push the lid in until the lock latches. cover, no matter how small. Any — Do not allow cargo to contact object on it could cause an injury the top tether strap when it is in an accident or sudden stop. attached to the top tether an- chor. Properly secure the cargo so it does not contact the top Instruments and controls 2-51
  • 181. tether strap. Cargo that is not properly secured or that con- tacts the top tether strap may damage the top tether strap during a collision.The cargo cover keeps the luggage compart-ment contents hidden from the outside. To remove the cargo cover: 4. Slide down the cargo cover along the rear 1. Remove the straps from the rear hatch. seat back. 2. Pull up the cargo cover. 5. Remove the cargo cover by pulling either the left or right side backward away from the 3. Remove the cargo cover holders from the pillar. rear pillar.2-52 Instruments and controls
  • 182. WINDOWS POWER WINDOWS WARNING . Make sure that all passengers have their hands, etc. inside the vehicle while it is in motion and before closing the windows. Use the win- dow lock switch to prevent unex- pected use of the power windows. . Do not leave children unattended inside the vehicle. They could un- knowingly activate switches or con- trols and become trapped in theSTOWING GOLF BAGS LUGGAGE SIDE HOOK window. Unattended children couldNormally, two standard golf bags can be stowed become involved in serious acci-in the cargo area. Insert the top of the golf bag CAUTION dents.into right side of the cargo area * then rotate 1the bag backward *. Insert the top of the 2nd 2 Do not apply a total load of more than 4 The power windows operate when the powergolf bag into right side of the cargo area * and 3 lb (2 kg) to the hook. Doing so may switch is in the ON position, or for about 45stow the bottom of golf bag forward all the way cause the hook to break. seconds after the power switch is placed in the*.4 OFF position. If the driver’s or front passenger’sIn some cases, you may not be able to stow two The hook is located at the side of the luggage door is opened during this period of about 45golf bags in your vehicle, depending on their room. Use the hook to secure the Electric seconds, power to the windows is canceled.sizes or types. Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE). Instruments and controls 2-53
  • 183. Locking passengers’ windows When the lock button * is pushed in, only the C driver side window can be opened or closed. Push it in again to cancel.1. Driver side window2. Front passenger side window Passenger side power window3. Rear left passenger side window switch4. Rear right passenger side window The passenger’s side power window switch will5. Window lock button open or close only the corresponding window. To open or close the window, push down or pullMain power window switch (driver’s up the switch and hold it.side)To open or close the window, push down * or Apull up * the switch and hold it. The main Bswitch (driver’s side switches) will open or closeall the windows.2-54 Instruments and controls
  • 184. Auto-reverse function If the windows do not close auto- matically WARNING If the power window automatic function (closing only) does not operate properly, perform the There are some small distances imme- following procedure to initialize the power diately before the closed position which window system. cannot be detected. Make sure that all passengers have their hands, etc., in- 1. Place the power switch in the ON position. side the vehicle before closing the 2. Close the door. window. 3. Open the window completely by operating the power window switch. If the control unit detects something caught in 4. Pull the power window switch and hold it to the window as it is closing, the window will be close the window, and then hold the switch immediately lowered. more than 3 seconds after the window isAutomatic operation The auto reverse function can be activated when closed completely.The automatic operation is available for the the window is closed by automatic operation 5. Release the power window switch. Operateswitch that has an mark on its surface. when the power switch is in the ON position or the window by the automatic function to for 45 seconds after the power switch is placed confirm the initialization is complete.To fully open or close the window, completely in the OFF position. If the power window automatic function doespush down or pull up the switch and release it;the switch need not be held. The window will Depending on the environment or driving not operate properly after performing the pro-automatically open or close all the way. To stop conditions, the auto reverse function may cedure above, have your vehicle checked by athe window, just push or lift the switch in the be activated if an impact or load similar to NISSAN certified LEAF dealer.opposite direction. something being caught in the window occurs.A light push or pull on the switch will cause thewindow to open or close until the switch isreleased. Instruments and controls 2-55
  • 185. INTERIOR LIGHTS CAUTION Do not use for extended periods of time with the power switch in the OFF position. This could result in a dis- charged 12-volt battery.MAP LIGHTS CAUTION Do not use the lights for extended periods of time with power switch in Push the button as illustrated to turn the light on The map light control switch has three positions: the OFF position. This could result in a or off. ON * , DOOR * and OFF *. 1 2 3 discharged battery if the switch posi- tion is in the ON or DOOR. The light * (if so equipped) will illuminate when 4 the headlight switch is turned to the or position. ON position When the switch is in the ON position *, the 1 map lights will illuminate. Door position When the switch is in the DOOR position *, 2 the map lights will illuminate under the following conditions:2-56 Instruments and controls
  • 186. . the power switch is placed in the LOCK or — remains on for about 15 seconds. OFF position . doors are unlocked by pushing the UN- — remain on for about 15 seconds. LOCK button or the request switch, with. doors are unlocked by pushing the UN- the power switch in the LOCK position LOCK button or the request switch, with — remains on for about 15 seconds. the power switch in the LOCK or OFF . any door is opened and then closed with the position power switch in the LOCK position — remain on for about 15 seconds. — remains on for about 15 seconds.. any door is opened and then closed with the . any door is opened with the power switch in power switch in the LOCK or OFF position the ACC or ON position — remain on for about 15 seconds. — remains on while the door is opened.. any door is opened with the power switch in When the door is closed, the light turns the ACC or ON position off. — remain on while the door is opened. CEILING LIGHT The light will automatically turn off after 15 When the door is closed, the lights turn The ceiling light switch has three positions: ON , minutes when the light remains illumi- off. DOOR and OFF. nated to prevent the battery from becom-The lights will automatically turn off after a ing discharged.period of time when the lights remain ON position OFF positionilluminated to prevent the battery from When the switch is in the ON position *, the 1 When the switch is in the OFF position *, the 3becoming discharged. ceiling light will illuminate. ceiling light will not illuminate, regardless of theOFF position DOOR position condition.When the switch is in the OFF position *, the 3 When the switch is in the DOOR position *, 2map lights will not illuminate, regardless of the the ceiling light will illuminate under the followingcondition. conditions: . the power switch is placed in the LOCK position. Instruments and controls 2-57
  • 187. HomeLink® UNIVERSALTRANSCEIVER (if so equipped)The HomeLink® Universal Transceiver provides a PROGRAMMING HomeLink®convenient way to consolidate the functions of WARNING To program your HomeLink® Transceiver toup to three individual hand-held transmitters into . ® Do not use the HomeLink Universal operate a garage door, gate, or entry doorone built-in device. Transceiver with any garage door opener, home or office lighting, you need to beHomeLink® Universal Transceiver: opener that lacks safety stop and at the same location as the device. Note:. Will operate most Radio Frequency (RF) reverse features as required by Garage door openers (manufactured after devices such as garage doors, gates, home federal safety standards. (These 1996) have “rolling code protection”. To pro- and office lighting, entry door locks and standards became effective for gram a garage door opener equipped with security systems. opener models manufactured after “rolling code protection”; you will need to use April 1, 1982.) A garage door opener a ladder to get up to the garage door opener. Is powered by the vehicle’s 12-volt battery. that cannot detect an object in the motor to be able to access the “smart or learn” No separate batteries are required. If the path of a closing garage door and program button. vehicle’s 12-volt battery is discharged or is then automatically stop and reverse disconnected, HomeLink ® will retain all does not meet current federal safety programming. standards. Using a garage doorOnce the HomeLink® Universal Transceiver opener without these features in-is programmed, retain the original trans- creases the risk of serious injury ormitter for future programming procedures death.(for example, new vehicle purchases).Upon sale of the vehicle, the programmed . During the programming procedure,HomeLink® Universal Transceiver buttons your garage door or security gateshould be erased for security purposes. may open or close. Make sure thatFor additional information, see “PRO- people and objects are clear of theGRAMMING HomeLink®” later in this sec- garage door, gate, etc. that you aretion. programming. . Place the power switch in the ACC or ON position while programming the HomeLink® Universal Transcei- ver.2-58 Instruments and controls
  • 188. “slow blink” to a “rapid blink”. This could NOTE: take up to 90 seconds. When the indicator Once you have pushed and released light blinks rapidly, both buttons may be the training button on the garage door released. The rapidly flashing light indicates opener’s motor and the “training light” successful programming. To activate the is lit, you have 30 seconds in which to garage door or other programmed device, perform step 7. For convenience, use push and hold the programmed HomeLink® the help of a second person for assis- button and release it when the device tance when performing this step. begins to activate. 7. Quickly (within 30 seconds of pushing and 5. If the indicator light on HomeLink® blinks releasing the garage door opener training rapidly for two seconds and then turns solid, button) and firmly push and release the HomeLink® has picked up a “rolling code” HomeLink® button that you have just pro- garage door opener signal. You will need to grammed. Push and release the HomeLink® proceed with the next steps to train button up to three times to complete the HomeLink®, and completing the program- training.1. To begin, push and hold the 2 outer HomeLink® buttons (to clear the memory) ming may require a ladder and another 8. Your HomeLink® button should now be until the indicator light * blinks (after 20 A person for convenience. programmed. To program the remaining seconds). Release both buttons. 6. Push and release the program button HomeLink® buttons for additional door or located on the garage door opener’s motor gate openers, follow steps 2 through 8 only.2. Position the end of the hand-held transmitter 1 - 3 inches away from the HomeLink® to activate the “training mode”. This button is NOTE: surface. usually located near the antenna wire that . Do not repeat step 1 unless you3. Using both hands, simultaneously push and hangs down from the motor. If the wire want to “clear” all previously pro- hold both the HomeLink® button you want to originates from under a light lens, you will grammed HomeLink® buttons. need to remove the lens to access the . If you have any questions or are program and the hand-held transmitter button. DO NOT release the buttons until training button. having difficulty programming your step 4 has been completed. HomeLink® buttons, please refer to the HomeLink® web site at: www.4. Hold down both buttons until the indicator homelink.com or call 1-800-355- light on HomeLink® flashes, changing from a 3515. Instruments and controls 2-59
  • 189. PROGRAMMING HomeLink® FOR PROGRAMMING TROUBLE-DIAG- CLEARING PROGRAMMED INFOR-CANADIAN CUSTOMERS NOSIS MATIONPrior to 1992, D.O.C. regulations required If HomeLink® does not quickly learn the hand- Individual buttons cannot be cleared, however tohand-held transmitters to stop transmitting after held transmitter information, perform the follow- clear all programming, push and hold the two2 seconds. To program your hand-held trans- ing steps. outside buttons and release them when themitter to HomeLink®, continue to push and hold . Replace the hand-held transmitter batteries indicator light begins to flash (in approximatelythe HomeLink® button (see steps 2 through 4 with new batteries. 20 seconds).under “Programming HomeLink®” earlier in thissection) while you push and re-push (“cycle”) . Position the hand-held transmitter with its REPROGRAMMING A SINGLEyour hand-held transmitter every 2 seconds until battery area facing away from the HomeLink® BUTTONthe indicator light flashes rapidly (indicating HomeLink® surface. To reprogram a HomeLink® Universal Transcei-successful programming). . Push and hold both the HomeLink® and ver button, perform the following procedure. hand-held transmitter buttons without inter- 1. Push and hold the preferred HomeLink®NOTE: ruption. button. Do not release the button until stepIf programming a garage door opener, etc.,it is advised to unplug the device during . Position the hand-held transmitter 2 to 5 4 has been completed.the “cycling” process to prevent possible inches (50 to 127 mm) away from the 2. When the indicator light begins to flashdamage to the garage door opener com- HomeLink® surface. Hold the transmitter in slowly (after 20 seconds), position theponents. that position for up to 15 seconds. If hand-held transmitter 2 to 5 in (50 to 127 HomeLink® is not programmed within that mm) away from the HomeLink® surface.OPERATING HomeLink® UNIVER- time, try holding the transmitter in another 3. Push and hold the hand-held transmitterSAL TRANSCEIVER position while keeping the indicator light in button. ®The HomeLink Universal Transceiver (once view at all times. If you continue to have programming difficulties, 4. The HomeLink® indicator light will flash, firstprogrammed) may now be used to activate the please contact the NISSAN Consumer Affairs slowly and then rapidly. When the indicatorgarage door, etc. To operate, simply push the light begins to flash rapidly, release bothappropriate programmed HomeLink® Universal Department. The phone numbers are located in the Foreword of this Owner’s Manual. buttons.Transceiver button. The red indicator light willilluminate while the signal is being transmitted. The HomeLink® Universal Transceiver button has now been reprogrammed. The new device can be activated by pushing the HomeLink®2-60 Instruments and controls
  • 190. button that was just programmed. This proce- NOTE:dure will not affect any other programmed Changes or modifications not expresslyHomeLink® buttons. approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authorityIF YOUR VEHICLE IS STOLEN to operate the equipment.If your vehicle is stolen, you should change the For Canada:codes of any non-rolling code device that has This device complies with RSS-210 ofbeen programmed into HomeLink®. Consult the Industry Canada. Operation is subject toOwner’s Manual of each device or call the the following two conditions: (1) thismanufacturer or dealer of those devices for device may not cause interference, andadditional information. (2) this device must accept any interfer-When your vehicle is recovered, you will ence, including interference that mayneed to reprogram the HomeLink® Univer- cause undesired operation of the device.sal Transceiver with your new transmitterinformation.FCC notice:For USA:This device complies with Part 15 of theFCC Rules. Operation is subject to thefollowing two conditions: (1) This devicemay not cause harmful interference, and(2) this device must accept any interfer-ence received, including interference thatmay cause undesired operation. Instruments and controls 2-61
  • 191. MEMO2-62 Instruments and controls
  • 192. 3 Pre-driving checks and adjustmentsKeys ............................................................................................. 3-2 Troubleshooting guide ................................................. 3-12 Intelligent Keys .................................................................. 3-2 How to use remote keyless entry function ............. 3-13Doors ........................................................................................... 3-4 Hood ........................................................................................ 3-16 Locking with Mechanical key .......................................... 3-4 Rear hatch .............................................................................. 3-17 Locking with inside lock knob ........................................ 3-5 Charge port lid ...................................................................... 3-17 Locking with power door lock switch ........................... 3-5 Opening charge port lid .............................................. 3-17 Automatic door locks ........................................................ 3-5 Charge port cap ............................................................ 3-18 Child safety rear door lock .............................................. 3-6 Tilt steering column ............................................................. 3-19Intelligent Key system ............................................................. 3-6 Tilt operation .................................................................. 3-19 Intelligent Key operating range ....................................... 3-8 Sun visors ............................................................................... 3-20 Door locks/unlocks precaution ....................................... 3-9 Mirrors ..................................................................................... 3-20 Intelligent Key operation ................................................ 3-10 Inside rearview mirror ................................................... 3-20 12-volt battery saver system ........................................ 3-11 Outside mirrors .............................................................. 3-21 Warning signals ............................................................... 3-11 Vanity mirror .................................................................... 3-22
  • 193. KEYSA key number plate is supplied with your keys. components when registering new keys, be sureRecord the key number and keep it in a safe to take all Intelligent Keys that you have to theplace (such as your wallet), not in the vehicle. If NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. It is possible thatyou lose your keys, see a NISSAN certified the Intelligent key functions became canceled.LEAF dealer for duplicates by using the key Contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer.number. NISSAN does not record any keynumbers so it is very important to keep track of CAUTIONyour key number plate.A key number is only necessary when you have . Be sure to carry the Intelligent Keylost all keys and do not have one to duplicate with you when driving. The Intelli-from. If you still have a key, this key can be gent Key is a precision device with aduplicated by a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. built-in transmitter. To avoid dama- ging it, please note the following.NOTE: — The Intelligent Key is waterDo not leave the keys inside the vehicle resistant; however, wetting maywhen leaving the vehicle. INTELLIGENT KEYS damage the Intelligent Key. If 1. Intelligent Key (2) the Intelligent Key gets wet, 2. Mechanical key (inside Intelligent Key) (2) immediately wipe until it is com- 3. Key number plate (1) pletely dry. Your vehicle can only be driven with the Intelligent Keys which are registered to your — Do not bend, drop or strike it vehicle’s Intelligent Key system components and against another object. NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer System compo- — If the outside temperature is nents. As many as 4 Intelligent Keys can be below 148F (-108C) degrees, the registered and used with one vehicle. The new battery of the intelligent key keys must be registered by a NISSAN certified may not function properly. LEAF dealer prior to use with the Intelligent Key — Do not place the Intelligent Key system and NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer System for an extended period in a of your vehicle. Since the registration process place where temperatures ex- requires erasing all memory in the Intelligent Key3-2 Pre-driving checks and adjustments
  • 194. ceed 1408F (608C). CAUTION — Do not change or modify the Intelligent Key. Always carry the mechanical key in- stalled in the Intelligent Key. — Do not use a magnet key holder. — Do not place the Intelligent Key near an electric appliance such as a television set, personal computer or cellular phone. — Do not allow the Intelligent Key to come into contact with water or salt water, and do not wash it in a washing machine. This could affect the system function. Mechanical key. If an Intelligent Key is lost or stolen, NISSAN recommends erasing the ID To remove the mechanical key, release the lock code of that Intelligent Key. This will knob at the back of the Intelligent Key. prevent the Intelligent Key from To install the mechanical key, firmly insert it into unauthorized use to unlock the the Intelligent Key until the lock knob returns to vehicle. For information regarding the lock position. the erasing procedure, contact a Use the mechanical key to lock or unlock the NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. doors. See “Doors” later in this section. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-3
  • 195. DOORS . You can switch the lock system to the mode WARNING that allows you to open all the doors when the key is turned once. (See the LEAF . Always have the doors locked while Navigation System Owner’s Manual.) driving. Along with the use of seat belts, this provides greater safety in the event of an accident by helping to prevent persons from being thrown from the vehicle. This also helps keep children and others from unintentionally opening the doors, and will help keep out intruders. . Before opening any door, always look for and avoid oncoming traffic. . Do not leave children unattended LOCKING WITH MECHANICAL KEY inside the vehicle. They could un- The power door lock system allows you to lock knowingly activate switches or con- or unlock all doors simultaneously using the trols. Unattended children could mechanical key. become involved in serious acci- dents. . Turning the driver’s door key cylinder to- wards the front of the vehicle * will lock all 1 doors and the rear hatch. . Turning the driver’s door key cylinder once towards the rear of the vehicle * will unlock 2 the driver’s door. After returning the key to the neutral position, turning it towards the rear again within 5 seconds will unlock all doors and the rear hatch.3-4 Pre-driving checks and adjustments
  • 196. Lockout protection When the power door lock switch is moved to the lock position and any door is open, all doors will lock and unlock automatically. When the power door lock switch is moved to the lock position with the Intelligent Key left in the vehicle and any door open, all doors will unlock automatically and a chime will sound after the door is closed. These functions help to prevent the Intelligent Key from being accidentally locked inside the vehicle. AUTOMATIC DOOR LOCKSLOCKING WITH INSIDE LOCK KNOB LOCKING WITH POWER DOOR . All doors lock automatically when the vehicleTo lock the door without the key, move the inside LOCK SWITCH speed reaches 15 MPH (24 km/h).lock knob to the lock position * then close the 1 Operating the power door lock switch will lock . All doors unlock automatically when thedoor. or unlock all the doors. The switches are located power switch is placed in the OFF position.To unlock, move the inside lock knob to the on the driver’s and front passenger’s door The automatic unlock function can beunlock position * 2 . armrests. deactivated or activated.When the front door is locked, pulling the front To lock the doors, push the power door lock To deactivate or activate the automatic doordoor handle will unlock the front door. switch to the lock position * with the driver’s or 1 unlock system, perform the following procedure.When locking the door without a key, be front passenger’s door open, then close the 1. Close all doors.sure not to leave the key inside the vehicle. door. 2. Place the power switch in the ON position. When locking the door this way, be sure 3. Within 20 seconds of performing step 2. not to leave the key inside the vehicle. . Push and hold the power door lock To unlock the doors, push the power door lock switch to the “UNLOCK” position switch to the unlock position * 2 . Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-5
  • 197. INTELLIGENT KEY SYSTEM for more than 5 seconds.4. When activated, the hazard warning lights WARNING will flash twice. When deactivated, the hazard warning lights will flash once. . Radio waves could adversely affect electric medical equipment. Those5. The power switch must be placed in the who use a pacemaker should con- OFF and ON position again between each tact the electric medical equipment setting change. manufacturer for the possible influ-When the automatic door unlock system is ences before use.deactivated, the doors do not unlock when the . The Intelligent Key transmits radiopower is placed in the OFF position. To unlock waves when the buttons arethe door manually, use the inside lock knob or pushed. The FAA advises that thethe power door lock switch (driver’s or front radio waves may affect aircraft na-passenger’s side). vigation and communication sys- tems. Do not operate the CHILD SAFETY REAR DOOR LOCK Intelligent Key while on an airplane. Child safety rear door locks help prevent the rear Make sure the buttons are not doors from being opened accidentally, espe- operated unintentionally when the cially when small children are in the vehicle. unit is stored during a flight. When the levers are in the lock position *, the rear doors can be opened only 1 The Intelligent Key system can operate all the from the outside. door and the rear hatch locks by using the To disengage, move the levers to the unlock remote controller function or pushing the re- position *. 2 quest switch on the vehicle without taking the key out from a pocket or purse. The operating environment and/or conditions may affect the Intelligent Key system operation. Be sure to read the following items before using the Intelligent Key system.3-6 Pre-driving checks and adjustments
  • 198. . When the Intelligent Key is placed near an Pay special attention that the vehicle battery is CAUTION electric appliance such as a personal not completely discharged. computer. As many as 4 Intelligent Keys can be registered . Be sure to carry the Intelligent Key with you when operating the vehi- . When the vehicle is parked near a parking and used with one vehicle. For information about cle. meter. the purchase and use of additional Intelligent In such cases, correct the operating conditions Keys, contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. . Never leave the Intelligent Key in before using the Intelligent Key function or use the vehicle when you leave the vehicle. the mechanical key. CAUTION Although the life of the battery varies depending on the operating conditions, the battery’s life is . Do not allow the Intelligent Key,The Intelligent Key is always communicating with which contains electrical compo-the vehicle because it receives radio waves. The approximately 2 years. If the battery is dis- charged, replace it with a new one. nents, to come into contact withIntelligent Key system transmits weak radio water or salt water. This could affectwaves. Environmental conditions may interfere When the Intelligent Key battery is almost the functioning of the system.with the operation of the Intelligent Key system discharged, firmly apply the foot brake and touch the power switch with the Intelligent Key. . Do not drop the Intelligent Key.under the following operating conditions. Then push the power switch while depressing . Do not strike the Intelligent Key. When operating near a location where the brake pedal within 10 seconds after the sharply against another object. strong radio waves are transmitted, such chime sound. . Do not change or modify the Intel- as a TV tower, power station or broad- casting station. Since the Intelligent Key is continuously receiv- ligent Key. ing radio waves, if the key is left near equipment. When in possession of wireless equipment, . The Intelligent Key may be damaged that transmits strong radio waves, such as such as a cellular phone, transceiver or CB if it gets wet. If the Intelligent Key signals from a TV or personal computer, the radio. gets wet, immediately wipe until it is battery life may become shorter. completely dry.. When the Intelligent Key is in contact with or For information regarding replacement of a covered by metallic materials. . If the outside temperature is below battery, see “Intelligent Key battery replacement” 148F (−108C), the battery of the. When any type of radio wave remote control in the “8. Maintenance and do-it-yourself” Intelligent key may not function is used nearby. section. properly. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-7
  • 199. . Do not place the Intelligent Key for switches may not function. an extended period in an area where When the Intelligent Key is within the operating temperatures exceed 1408F (608C). range, it is possible for anyone who does not . Do not attach the Intelligent Key to carry the Intelligent Key to push the request a key holder that contains a magnet. switch to lock/unlock the doors including the rear hatch. . Do not place the Intelligent Key near equipment that produces a mag- netic field, such as a TV, audio equipment, personal computer or cellular phone.If an Intelligent Key is lost or stolen, NISSANrecommends erasing the ID code of thatIntelligent Key from the vehicle. This may preventthe unauthorized use of the Intelligent Key to INTELLIGENT KEY OPERATINGoperate the vehicle. For information regarding RANGEthe erasing procedure, contact a NISSAN The Intelligent Key functions can only be usedcertified LEAF dealer. when the Intelligent Key is within the specifiedThe Intelligent Key function can be disabled. For operating range from the request switch *.1information about disabling the Intelligent Key When the Intelligent Key battery is discharged orfunction, contact a NISSAN certified LEAF strong radio waves are present near the operat-dealer. ing location, the Intelligent Key system’s operat- ing range becomes narrower, and the Intelligent Key may not function properly. The operating range is within 31.50 in (80 cm) from each request switch * 1 . If the Intelligent Key is too close to the door glass, handle or rear bumper, the request3-8 Pre-driving checks and adjustments
  • 200. . Do not pull the door handle before pushing the door handle request switch. The door will be unlocked but will not open. Release the door handle once and pull it again to open the door.DOOR LOCKS/UNLOCKS PRECAU-TION. Do not push the door handle request switch with the Intelligent Key held in your hand as illustrated. The close distance to the door handle will cause the Intelligent Key system to have difficulty recognizing that the In- telligent Key is outside the vehicle.. After locking with the door handle request switch, verify the doors are securely locked by testing them.. To prevent the Intelligent Key from being left inside the vehicle, make sure you carry the key with you and then lock the doors. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-9
  • 201. Locking doors . When locking the doors using the 1. Push the power switch into the OFF position request switch, make sure to have and make sure you carry the Intelligent Key the Intelligent Key in your posses- with you.*1 sion before operating the request switch to prevent the Intelligent Key 2. Close all the doors and the rear hatch. from being left in the vehicle. 3. Push the door handle request switch (dri- ver’s or front passenger’s) * or the rear A . The request switch is operational hatch request switch * while carrying the B only when the Intelligent Key has Intelligent Key with you.*2 been detected by the Intelligent Key system. 4. All the doors and the rear hatch will lock. 5. The hazard indicator flashes twice and the outside chime sounds twice. Unlocking doors *1: Doors will not lock with the Intelligent Key 1. Push the door handle request switch * or AINTELLIGENT KEY OPERATION while the power switch is in the ACC or ON the rear hatch request switch * once while B position. carrying the Intelligent Key with you.You can lock or unlock the doors without takingthe key out from your pocket or bag. *2: Doors will not lock by pushing the door 2. The hazard indicator flashes once and the handle request switch when the Intelligent Key is outside chime sounds once. The corre-When you carry the Intelligent Key with you, you left inside the vehicle. However, when an sponding door or the rear hatch will unlock.can lock or unlock all doors by pushing the doorhandle request switch (driver’s or front passen- Intelligent Key is inside the vehicle, doors can 3. Push the door handle request or the rearger’s) * or rear hatch request switch * within A B be locked with another registered Intelligent Key. hatch request switch again within 1 minute.the range of operation. 4. The hazard indicator flashes once and theWhen you lock or unlock the doors or the rear CAUTION outside chime sounds once again. All thehatch, the hazard indicator will flash and the horn doors and the rear hatch will unlock. . After locking the door using the(or the outside chime) will sound as a confirma- All doors will be locked automatically unless one request switch, make sure that thetion. For details, see “Setting hazard indicator of the following operations is performed within 1 doors have been securely locked byand horn mode” later in this section. minute after pushing the request switch while operating the door handles. the doors are locked.3-10 Pre-driving checks and adjustments
  • 202. . Opening any door. liquid crystal display.. Pushing the power switch. When a chime or beep sounds or the warningDuring this 1-minute time period, if the UNLOCK displays, be sure to check the vehicle and button on the Intelligent Key is pushed, all Intelligent Key.doors will be locked automatically after another See “Troubleshooting guide” later in this section1 minute. and “Dot matrix liquid crystal display” in the “2. Instruments and controls” section.Opening rear hatch1. Carry the Intelligent Key.2. Push the rear hatch opener switch *. C3. The rear hatch will unlock and open.12-VOLT BATTERY SAVER SYSTEMWhen all the following conditions are met for aperiod of time, the battery saver system will cutoff the power supply to prevent 12-volt batterydischarge.. The power switch is in the ACC position,. All doors are closed, and. The vehicle is in the P (Park) position.WARNING SIGNALSTo help prevent the vehicle from movingunexpectedly by erroneous operation of theIntelligent Key listed on the following chart orto help prevent the vehicle from being stolen,chime or beep sounds inside and outside thevehicle and a warning displays in the dot matrix Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-11
  • 203. TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE Symptom Possible cause Action to take The power switch is pushed to the OFF Close the driver’s door.When opening the driver’s door to The inside warning chime sounds continu- position while the driver’s door is open.get out of the vehicle ously. Push the power switch to the OFF position The power switch is in the ACC position. then close the driver’s door. The KEY is not detected warning appears on the display, the outside chime sounds 3 times The power switch is in the ACC or ON Push the power switch to the OFF position. and the inside warning chime sounds for a position. few seconds.When closing the door after get- The power switch is in the ACC or OFFting out of the vehicle position, the electric shift control system has malfunctioned and the vehicle can- The outside chime sounds continuously. Pull up on the electric parking brake switch. not be placed in the P (Park) position when the electric parking brake is not applied.When closing the door with the The outside chime sounds for a few seconds The Intelligent Key is inside the vehicle or Carry the Intelligent Key with you.inside lock knob turned to LOCK and all the doors unlock. cargo area.When pushing the request switch The Intelligent Key is inside the vehicle or Carry the Intelligent Key with you.or the “LOCK” button on the The outside chime sounds for a few seconds. a cargo area.Intelligent Key to lock the door A door is not closed securely. Close the door securely. Replace the battery with a new one. See The intelligent Key battery discharge indicator The intelligent Key battery charge is low. “Intelligent Key battery replacement” in the appears on the display.When pushing the power switch “8. Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section.in the READY to drive position The Key is not detected warning appears on the display and the inside warning chime The Intelligent Key is not in the vehicle. Carry the Intelligent Key with you. sounds for a few seconds. The Intelligent Key system warning indicator It warns of a malfunction with the Contact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer.When pushing the power switch appears on the display. Intelligent Key system.3-12 Pre-driving checks and adjustments
  • 204. HOW TO USE REMOTE KEYLESS the system function. (The operating distance depends upon theENTRY FUNCTION conditions around the vehicle.) . Do not drop the Intelligent Key. The remote keyless entry function will not . Do not strike the Intelligent Key operate: WARNING sharply against another object. . When the Intelligent Key is not within the. Radio waves could adversely affect . Do not change or modify the Intel- operational range. electric medical equipment. Those ligent Key. who use a pacemaker should con- . When the doors are open or not closed . Wetting may damage the Intelligent securely. tact the electric medical equipment Key. If the Intelligent Key gets wet, manufacturer for the possible influ- immediately wipe until it is comple- . When the Intelligent Key battery is dis- ences before use. tely dry. charged.. The Intelligent Key transmits radio The remote keyless entry function can also . Do not place the Intelligent Key for operate the vehicle alarm. waves when the buttons are an extended period in an area where pushed. The FAA advises that the temperatures exceed 1408F (608C). radio waves may affect aircraft na- vigation and communication sys- . Do not attach the Intelligent Key tems. Do not operate the with a key holder that contains a Intelligent Key while on an airplane. magnet. Make sure the buttons are not . Do not place the Intelligent Key near operated unintentionally when the equipment that produces a mag- unit is stored during a flight. netic field, such as a TV, audio equipment, personal computers or cellular phone. CAUTION The remote keyless entry function can operate. Do not allow the Intelligent Key, all door locks using the remote keyless entry which contains electrical compo- function of the Intelligent Key. The remote nents, to come into contact with keyless entry function can operate at a distance water or salt water. This could affect of approximately 33 ft (10 m) from the vehicle. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-13
  • 205. 3. Close all the doors. . Opening any door (including the rear hatch). 4. Push the LOCK button * 1 on the . Pushing the power switch. Intelligent Key. During this 1-minute time period, if the UNLOCK 5. All the doors and the rear hatch will lock. button on the Intelligent Key is pushed, all 6. The hazard indicator flashes twice and the doors will be locked automatically after another horn chirps once. 1 minute. *1: Doors will not lock with the Intelligent Key Using panic alarm while the power switch is in the ACC or ON If you are near your vehicle and feel threatened, position. you may activate the alarm to call attention as Operate the door handles to confirm that the follows: doors have been securely locked. 1. Push the PANIC button * on the 3 Unlocking doors Intelligent Key for more than 1 second.* LOCK1 button 1. Push the UNLOCK button * on 2 the 2. The theft warning alarm and headlights will* UNLOCK2 button Intelligent Key once. stay on for 25 seconds.* PANIC3 button 2. The hazard indicator flashes once. The 3. The panic alarm stops when: . It has run for 25 seconds, orLocking doors driver’s door will unlock. . Any of the buttons on the Intelligent KeyWhen you lock or unlock the doors, the hazard 3. Push the UNLOCK button on the is pushed. (Note: the PANIC button mustindicator will flash and the horn will sound as a Intelligent Key again within 1 minute. be pushed for more than 1 second.)confirmation. For details, see “Setting hazard 4. The hazard indicator flashes once again. Allindicator and horn mode” later in this section. the doors and the rear hatch will unlock. Setting hazard indicator and horn1. Push the power switch to the OFF position All doors will be locked automatically unless one mode and make sure you carry the Intelligent Key of the following operations is performed within 1 This vehicle is set in hazard indicator and horn with you.*1 minute after pushing the UNLOCK button mode when you first receive the vehicle.2. Carry the Intelligent Key with you. while the doors are locked. In hazard indicator and horn mode, when the LOCK button * is pushed, the hazard 1 indicator flashes twice and the horn chirps once.3-14 Pre-driving checks and adjustments
  • 206. When the UNLOCK button * is pushed, 2 Hazard indicator and horn mode:the hazard indicator flashes once. Operation DOOR LOCK DOOR UNLOCKIf horns are not necessary, the system can beswitched to the hazard indicator mode. Pushing door handle request switch or rear HAZARD - twice HAZARD - once hatch request switch OUTSIDE CHIME - twice OUTSIDE CHIME - onceIn hazard indicator mode, when the LOCK HAZARD - twice HAZARD - oncebutton is pushed, the hazard indicator flashes Pushing or button HORN - none HORN - oncetwice. When the UNLOCK button ispushed, neither the hazard indicator nor the Hazard indicator mode:horn operates. Operation DOOR LOCK DOOR UNLOCK Pushing door handle request switch or rear HAZARD - twice HAZARD - none hatch request switch OUTSIDE CHIME - none OUTSIDE CHIME - none HAZARD - twice HAZARD - none Pushing or button HORN - none HORN - none Switching procedure: To switch the hazard indicator and horn (chime) operation, push the LOCK * and UNLOCK 1 * buttons on the Intelligent Key simulta- 2 neously for more than 2 seconds. . When the hazard indicator mode is set, the hazard indicator flashes 3 times. . When the hazard indicator and horn mode is set, the hazard indicator flashes once and the horn chirps once. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-15
  • 207. HOOD WARNING . Make sure that the hood is comple- tely closed and latched before driv- ing. Failure to do so could cause the hood to open during driving and result in an accident. . If steam or smoke is emitting from the motor compartment, do not open the hood. Doing so could cause an injury. When opening the hood: (Electric Vehicle) system has been 1. Pull the hood release handle * located 1 stopped. below the instrument panel. The hood will When closing the hood: then spring up slightly. 1. Return the support rod to its original 2. Locate the lever * in between the hood 2 position. and charge port lid, and push the lever 2. Slowly move the hood down to latch the upward with your fingertips. lock. 3. Raise the hood *. 3 3. Push the hood down to lock the hood 4. Remove the support rod * from the hood 4 securely into place. and insert it into the slot *. 5 Hold the coated part * when removing or A resetting the support rod. Avoid direct contact with the metal parts because they may be hot immediately after the EV3-16 Pre-driving checks and adjustments
  • 208. REAR HATCH CHARGE PORT LID OPENING CHARGE PORT LID WARNING. Always make sure that the rear CAUTION hatch has been closed securely to prevent it from opening while driv- Make sure that the charge port lid is ing. completely closed and latched before driving. Failure to do so could cause the. Do not drive with the rear hatch lid to open suddenly during driving. open.. Make sure that all passengers have their hands, etc. inside the vehicle before closing the rear hatch. To open the rear hatch, unlock it and push the rear hatch opener switch *. Pull up the rear A hatch to open. The rear hatch can be unlocked by: . pushing the UNLOCK button on the Intelligent Key twice. . pushing the rear hatch request switch with the Intelligent Key carried with you. . pushing the door handle request switch twice. . pushing the power door lock switch to the unlock position. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-17
  • 209. When opening the charge port lid: 2. Put your hand into the under side of the lid CHARGE PORT CAP1. Pull the charge port lid opener handle and open until it is in the fully open position. When opening the charge port cap, press the located below the instrument panel. The When closing the charge port lid: tab and open the cap. charge port lid will then spring up slightly. 1. Slowly move the lid down. When the charge port cap is closed to its 2. Lock it securely into place. previous position, it will lock automatically. CAUTION . When charging is finished, be sure to close the charge port cap. If water or dust gets inside the charge port, this may cause a malfunction.3-18 Pre-driving checks and adjustments
  • 210. TILT STEERING COLUMN. Pay particular attention when using the normal charge port as the WARNING charge port lid can be closed even when the normal charge port cap is Do not adjust the steering wheel while open. driving. You could lose control of your vehicle and cause an accident.. Close the quick charge (if so equipped) port cap before closing the charging lid. The quick charge port cap can be damaged if it is open when closing the charge port lid. TILT OPERATION Push the lock lever down * and adjust the 1 steering wheel up or down * to the desired 2 position. Pull the lock lever up * to 3 lock the steering wheel in place. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-19
  • 211. SUN VISORS MIRRORS Type A INSIDE REARVIEW MIRROR Adjust the angle of the inside rearview mirror to the preferred position.1. To block out glare from the front, swing down the sun visor *. 12. To block glare from the side, remove the sun visor from the center mount and swing it to the side *. 2 Type B3-20 Pre-driving checks and adjustments
  • 212. Automatic anti-glare type WARNINGThe inside mirror is designed so that itautomatically changes reflection based on the Use the night position only when ne-intensity of the headlights of the vehicle behind. cessary, because it reduces rear viewThe anti-glare system automatically turns on clarity.when the power switch is moved to the ONposition.When the system is turned on, the indicator light* will illuminate and excessive glare from the Aheadlights of the vehicle behind you will bereduced.Type A: Push the switch * for 3 seconds Bto turn off the automatic anti-glare system. Theindicator turns off when the system is off. Pushthe switch again for 3 seconds to turn the OUTSIDE MIRRORSsystem on. Adjusting outside mirrorsDo not hang any objects on the mirror orapply glass cleaner to it. Doing so will WARNINGreduce the sensitivity of the sensor * , Cresulting in improper operation. Objects viewed in the outside mirror onType B: Push the “*” switch * to make the C the passenger side are closer than theyinside rearview mirror operate normally. The appear. Be careful when moving to theindicator light will turn off. Push the “I” switch right. Using only this mirror could cause* to turn the system on. D an accident. Use the inside mirror or glance over your shoulder to properlyDo not allow any object to cover the judge distances to other objects.sensors * or apply glass cleaner on them. EDoing so will reduce the sensitivity of thesensor, resulting in improper operation. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-21
  • 213. The outside mirror control switch is located onthe armrest.The outside mirror will operate only when thepower switch is in the ACC or ON position.Turn the switch right or left to select the right orleft side mirror *, then adjust the mirror using 1the control switch *. 2Defrosting outside mirrors (if soequipped)The outside mirrors will be heated when the rearwindow defroster switch is operated. See “Rearwindow and outside mirror defroster switch” inthe “2. Instruments and controls” section. Folding outside mirrors VANITY MIRROR Fold the outside mirror by pushing it toward the To use the front vanity mirror, pull down the sun rear of the vehicle. visor and pull up the cover.3-22 Pre-driving checks and adjustments
  • 214. 4 Ventilators and climate control systemsVentilators ................................................................................... 4-2 Climate Ctrl. Timer ........................................................... 4-7 Center ventilators ............................................................... 4-2 Remote climate control ............................................... 4-11 Side ventilators ................................................................... 4-2 Operating tips ................................................................ 4-13Climate control system ........................................................... 4-3 In-cabin microfilter ........................................................ 4-13 Automatic climate control ................................................ 4-6 Servicing climate control ............................................. 4-14
  • 215. VENTILATORS Driver side Passenger sideCENTER VENTILATORS SIDE VENTILATORSOpen/close the ventilators by moving the control Open/close the ventilators by moving the controlto either direction. to either direction. : This symbol indicates that the vents are : This symbol indicates that the vents are closed. Moving the side control to this closed. Moving the side control to this direction will close the ventilators. direction will close the ventilators. : This symbol indicates that the vents are : This symbol indicates that the vents are open. Moving the side control to this open. Moving the side control to this direction will open the ventilators. direction will open the ventilators.Adjust the air flow direction of the ventilators by Adjust the air flow direction of the ventilators bymoving the knob (up/down) until the desired moving the knob (up/down, left/right) until theposition is achieved. desired position is achieved.4-2 Ventilators and climate control systems
  • 216. CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM The fan, heater and air conditioning can be WARNING turned on manually, using the timer function and using the remote climate control function. . The air conditioning cooling func- These functions operate in the following condi- tion operates only when the power tions. switch is in the ON position or when the READY to drive indicator light is ON. . Do not leave children or adults who would normally require the support of others alone in your vehicle. Pets should not be left alone either. On hot, sunny days, temperatures in a closed vehicle could quickly become high enough to cause severe or possibly fatal injuries to people or animals. . Do not use the recirculation mode for long periods as it may cause the interior air to become stale and the windows to fog up.The climate control system (air conditioner andheater functions) can be operated when theREADY to drive indicator light is illuminated.However, while charging, the climate controlsystem can be used when the power switch is inthe ON position. Ventilators and climate control systems 4-3
  • 217. Power switch position LOCK/OFF ACC ON READY to driveFan - - Available AvailableHeater and air conditioner - - Available*2 AvailableTimer (Climate Ctrl. Timer) Available*1 Available*1 - -Remote control Available Available - -*1: The EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) must be connected.*2: The climate control system will only start when charging is being performed. After charging is complete, it will continue to operate if the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) is connected. Push the STATUS button to display the climate control system status on the navigation system screen. (See the LEAF Navigation System Owner’s Manual.) NOTE: . If the READY to drive indicator light is illuminated and the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) is con- nected to the vehicle, the power switch will change to the ON position. At the same time, the climate control system will stop operating. However, the fan will continue to operate. If you want to turn on climate control again, place the power switch in the OFF position and4-4 Ventilators and climate control systems
  • 218. then place it in the ON position again after confirming that the vehicle has started charging.. When the power switch is in the ON position, if the power supply from the EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equip- ment) is interrupted due to an electrical outage, etc., the system will operate in the following ways. — If it occurs while charging is being performed: The climate control system will stop once. If the power supply is re- stored within approximately 5 min- utes, the climate control system will restart. However, if more than 5 minutes have elapsed, the climate control system will not restart. — If it occurs after charging has fin- ished: The climate control system will stop. 1. Temperature control button 7. (outside air circulation) button 2. (front defroster) button 8. (fan speed control) button 3. MODE (manual air flow control) button 9. (rear window defroster) button (See “Rear 4. AUTO climate control ON button window and outside mirror defroster switch” in the 5. Climate Ctrl. Timer indicator “2. Instruments and controls” section.) 6. A/C (air conditioner) ON·OFF button 10. A/C-Heater ON·OFF button 11. (air recirculation) button Ventilators and climate control systems 4-5
  • 219. . When the outside air circulation mode is . Do not set the temperature lower thanAUTOMATIC CLIMATE CONTROL on, push and hold the outside air the outside air temperature. Doing soAutomatic operation (AUTO) circulation button for more than 1.5 may prevent the temperature from beingThe AUTO mode may be used year-round as the seconds. controlled properly. . When the air recirculation mode is on, . If the windows fog up, use dehumidifiedsystem automatically controls constant tempera-ture, air flow distribution and fan speed. push and hold the air recirculation heating instead of the A/C off heating. button for more than 1.5 seconds.To turn off the climate control, push the A/C- Dehumidified defrosting/defogging:Heater ON·OFF button. When setting the automatic control mode, 1. Push the front defroster button. (The both indicator lights will blink twice indicat- indicator light will illuminate.)The same operating mode (Heater or A/C) that ing that the system is in the automaticwas active when the system is turned off is 2. Turn the temperature control , control mode.active when system is turned back on. button to set the desired temperature.While operating the climate control in the AUTO . To remove moisture or fog on the frontmode, selecting any other climate control button A visible mist may be seen coming from the window quickly, set the temperature tode-activates the AUTO mode and activates ventilators in hot, humid conditions as the air is the high temperature and the fan speedmanual mode. cooled rapidly. This does not indicate a mal- to their maximum level. function. . After the windshield is cleared, push theCooling and/or dehumidified heating: Heating (A/C off): front defroster button again. (The1. Push the AUTO button. The AUTO indicator indicator light will turn off.) will be displayed. 1. Push the AUTO button. The AUTO indicator . When the front defroster button is will be displayed.2. If the A/C indicator light does not illuminate, pushed, the air conditioner will automa- push the A/C button. The A/C indicator light 2. If the A/C indicator light illuminates, push the tically turn on to defog the windshield. will illuminate. A/C button. The A/C indicator light will turn The outside air circulation mode will be off.3. Push the temperature control , selected to improve the defogging per- button to set the desired temperature. The 3. Push the temperature control , formance. temperature range is between 648F (188C) button to set the desired temperature. The and 908F (328C). temperature range is between 648F (188C) and 908F (328C).4. To set the automatic control mode, perform one of the following operations.4-6 Ventilators and climate control systems
  • 220. Manual operation Temperature control: system is in the automatic control mode.The manual mode can be used to control the Push the temperature control , button CLIMATE CTRL. TIMERheater and air conditioner to your desired to set the desired temperature. The air conditioner starts to operate at the timesettings. The temperature range is between 648F (188C) of day and day of the week specified in theTo turn off the heater and air conditioner, push and 908F (328C). settings. This pre heats or pre cools the vehiclethe A/C-Heater ON·OFF button. Air recirculation: to a factory preset temperature in the passengerFan speed control: Push the air recirculation button to change compartment before driving while the charger isPush “+” of the fan speed control button to the air circulation mode. When the indicator light connected to vehicle. This help reduce powerincrease the fan speed. illuminates, the flowing air is recirculated inside consumption from the Li-ion battery. the vehicle. As the temperature is set to the factory defaultPush “−” of the fan speed control button toincrease the fan speed. Outside air circulation: setting, the user cannot adjust the temperature.Push the AUTO button to change the fan speed Push the outside air circulation button to The Climate Ctrl. Timer operates the air condi-to the automatic mode. change the air circulation mode. When the tioner using power from the charger. Electric indicator light illuminates, the flowing air is power from the Li-ion battery is not used.Air flow control: drawn from outside the vehicle. The Climate Ctrl. Timer function allows twoPush the MODE button to change the air flow different timer settings. Each timer chargemode. Automatic air intake control: function can be set to activate on a different To set the automatic control mode, perform one day of the week. — Air flows from the center and side ventilators. of the following operations. Once the Climate Ctrl. Timer is set, it auto- — Air flows from the center and side . When the outside air circulation mode is on, matically starts when the set time is reached. It is ventilators and foot outlets. push and hold the outside air circulation therefore not necessary to set the Climate Ctrl. — Air flows mainly from the foot outlets. button for more than 1.5 seconds. Timer everyday. — Air flows from the defroster outlets and foot outlets. . When the air recirculation mode is on, push and hold the air recirculation button for more than 1.5 seconds. When setting the automatic control mode, both indicator lights will blink twice indicating that the Ventilators and climate control systems 4-7
  • 221. WARNING Even if the Climate Ctrl. Timer is set, the temperature in the passenger compart- ment may become high or low if the system automatically stops. Do not leave children or adults who would normally require the support of others alone in your vehicle. Pets should not 2. Touch [Climate Ctrl. Timer]. be left alone either. On hot, sunny days, temperatures in a closed vehicle could quickly become high enough to cause severe or possibly fatal injuries to people or animals. Also on cold days, temperature in a vehicle could become How to set Climate Ctrl. Timer low enough to cause sever or possible 1. Push the (Zero Emission menu) button. fatal injuries to people or animals.4-8 Ventilators and climate control systems
  • 222. 3. Touch [Set Timer 1] or [Set Timer 2]. The 4. Enter the departure time. 5. To set the Climate Ctrl. Timer for different following procedure explains the Timer 1 days of the week, touch [Assign Days]. setting. Select the preferred timer setting for each day of the week. After setting, touch [OK]. The previous screen is displayed. 6. When the settings are completed, touch [Save Timer]. The settings confirmation screen will be displayed. Ventilators and climate control systems 4-9
  • 223. . If OFF is selected for a day of the week, the Climate Ctrl. timer will not operate on that day. The system will wait until the next charging timer set to perform charging. . While the Climate Ctrl. Timer operates, the Climate Ctrl. Timer indicator and the char- ging status indicator lights flash. If the Climate Ctrl. Timer is set to activate, the7. If the settings shown on the screen are 8. The indicator of [Timer 1] illuminates after Climate Ctrl. Timer indicator illuminates. correct, touch [Yes]. the Climate Ctrl. Timer is set. Use the same . If the timer charge function and the Climate procedure to set the Timer 2 setting. Ctrl. Timer are in operation at the same time 9. Place the power switch to the OFF position, due to an overlap of the timer settings, either and then connect the charge connector to function can be set to be preferentially the vehicle. provided with electric power. For the details of “Timer Priority” settings, refer to separate Operation tips: LEAF Navigation System Owner’s Manual. . The Climate Ctrl. Timer will only start when . The temperature in the passenger compart- the power switch is in the “OFF” position. ment may not be comfortable if entering the Always turn the power switch to the “OFF” vehicle too soon before or too long after the position after the Climate Ctrl. Timer is set. scheduled time of departure. . Touch [Timer 1] or [Timer 2] to turn off the . Air conditioning is limited to the capacity of Climate Ctrl. Timer function. After this the electric power when the charge con- operation has been performed, the indicator nector is connected. Therefore, the tem- turns off and the Climate Ctrl. Timer function perature may not reach the factory default will be turned off. The start and stop time setting due to limitations in air conditioning settings are not deleted even if the Climate performance, if ambient temperature is Ctrl. Timer function is turned off. excessively high or low, or if the charge connector is connected to a 120V outlet.4-10 Ventilators and climate control systems
  • 224. . While the battery is being charged, the . When the climate control is set as the first accesses the vehicle. When the vehicle receives Climate Ctrl. Timer cannot be operated until priority, the climate control system will be a command for remote operation, the climate the Li-ion battery available charge gauge turned on as scheduled by the Climate Ctrl. control immediately turns ON and operates for reached the full mark. When the battery is Timer regardless of the remaining battery the specified period of time. Confirmation of the not being charged, the Climate Ctrl. Timer energy. ON/OFF of the climate control operation can be can be operated, even if the Li-ion battery . Even when the climate control is set as the checked by accessing the website or by e-mail. available charge gauge has not reached the first priority, the climate control system will Establishing the CARWINGSTM service is ne- full mark. be turned off when the climate control cessary before using the service. See LEAF. When the climate control is set on first spends more electric than the charging Li- Navigation System Owner’s Manual. priority, the Climate Ctrl. Timer works ion battery. regardless of the remaining battery energy. . The Li-ion battery may not charge or may WARNING. If the Climate Ctrl. Timer starts its operation even become discharged if the Climate Ctrl. while the vehicle is being charged, the Timer or remote climate control is used in . Radio waves could adversely affect charging time will be prolonged. low ambient temperatures. electric medical equipment. For more information, contact your elec-. Operating the Climate Ctrl. Timer or remote REMOTE CLIMATE CONTROL tric medical equipment manufac- climate control in an environment with low turer for the possible effect on This vehicle incorporates a communication temperature may decrease the rate of pacemakers before using the re- battery charge. device that is called a TCU (Telematics Com- munication Unit). The communication connec- mote climate control.. The Climate Ctrl. Timer settings cannot be tion between this unit and NISSAN CARWINGS . Even if the remote climate control is modified while it is operating. If timer Data Center allows for various remote function set, the temperature in the passen- settings are modified while the Climate Ctrl. services. ger room may become high if the Timer is operating, these changes will be system automatically stops. Do not Even when away from the vehicle, climate reflected the next time the Climate Ctrl. leave children or adults who would control can be started by accessing the Timer operates. normally require the support of NISSAN CARWINGS Data Center website. When charging is set as the first priority, the using a cellular phone or a personal computer. others alone in your vehicle. Pets Climate Ctrl. Timer does not start until 10 should not be left alone either. On When operation is started, or at the set start segments of the LI-ION BATTERY AVAIL- hot, sunny days, temperatures in a time, the NISSAN CARWINGS Data Center ABLE CHARGE GAUGE are illuminated. closed vehicle could quickly become Ventilators and climate control systems 4-11
  • 225. high enough to cause severe or . The climate control can be operated for a . If the power switch is in the ON position or possibly fatal injuries to people or maximum of 2 hours when the charge the charge connector is disconnected, while animals. connector is connected to the vehicle, or a the remote climate control is being oper- maximum of 15 minutes when the charge ated, remote climate control operation is connector is disconnected. automatically stopped and an e-mail is sent.NOTE: . The remote climate control will only start to . If remote climate control operation is started. To check the Li-ion battery charging operate when the power switch is in the while the vehicle is in normal charge mode, status using an internet enabled smart OFF position. Be sure to check that the the climate control operates in climate phone or personal computer. power switch is in the OFF position. control priority mode and charging is con- — The vehicle must be located in a tinued. cellular phone coverage area. . Remote climate control operation is not available when the vehicle is in an area of . If remote climate control operation is started — The cellular phone must be located cellular communication range. and charging is stopped while the vehicle is in an area with cellular phone . Communication becomes unavailable when in quick charge mode, climate control coverage. the vehicle is not used for two weeks or operation is also stopped. — The computer must be connected to the internet. more. When the power switch is placed in . If the quick charge connector is connected the ON position, communication with the and charging is not performed, remote. Some cellular phones are not compa- NISSAN CARWINGS Data Center can be climate control operation starts using the tible with this system and cannot be restored. battery electric power of the vehicle. used to check the Li-ion battery char- ging status. Confirm this beforehand. . Air conditioning is limited to the capacity of the electric power when the charge con-Operating tips nector is connected to the vehicle. There-. When the charge connector is connected, fore, the temperature may not reach a the climate control operates using electric comfortable level due to performance of power. When the charge connector is the air conditioning being limited, if the disconnected from the vehicle, the climate outside temperature is excessively high or control operates using vehicle battery elec- low, or if the charge connector is connected tric power. to a 120V outlet.4-12 Ventilators and climate control systems
  • 226. OPERATING TIPS much in winter. This reduces vehicle range.. The automatic climate control is equipped . When the vehicle is in the ECO position, the with sensors as illustrated. The sensors * A climate control operates in the ECO mode and * help maintain a constant tempera- B which reduces the power consumption. ture. Do not put anything on or around these . If the charger is connected to the vehicle sensors. when it is in the ready to drive mode and the. To push the AUTO switch will make the air conditioner or heater is on, the power climate system reduce the power consump- switch automatically changes to the ON tion. position. The climate control system auto- matically turns off the heater or air condi-. When the AUTO switch is pushed, both the tioner and switches to the air recirculation AUTO and A/C indicator illuminates. mode. Place the power switch in the off. If any of the MODE, A/C, fan speed control, position to begin charging. Turn on the front defroster, outside air circulation, air desired climate control function. circulation is pushed when the AUTO . If the air conditioner or heater is on while indicator illuminates, the AUTO indicator will charging, the climate control system auto- be turned off. matically turns off the heater or air con-. When the outside air temperature is low, the ditioning and switches to the air recirculation air flow from the foot outlets will be low or mode when charging is complete. may not operate for up to 150 seconds after turning on the air conditioner. This is not a IN-CABIN MICROFILTER malfunction. The climate control system is equipped with an. Power consumption of the climate control in-cabin microfilter which collects dirt, pollen, varies depending on the outside tempera- dust, etc. To make sure the air conditioner, ture and the temperature set for the climate heats, defogs, and ventilates efficiently, replace control. Power consumption increases if the the filter regularly. To replace the filter, contact a interior temperature is cooled down too NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. much in summer or if it is warmed up too The filter should be replaced if the air flow Ventilators and climate control systems 4-13
  • 227. decreases significantly or if windows fogup easily when operating the climatecontrol system.SERVICING CLIMATE CONTROLThe climate control system in your NISSAN ischarged with a refrigerant designed with theenvironment in mind. This refrigerant will notharm the earth’s ozone layer. Special char-ging equipment and lubricant are required whenservicing your NISSAN climate control. Usingimproper refrigerants or lubricants will causesevere damage to your climate control system.(See “Capacities and recommended lubricants”in the “9. Technical and consumer information”section for climate control system refrigerantand lubricant recommendations.)A NISSAN certified LEAF dealer will be able toservice your environmentally friendly climatecontrol system. WARNING The system contains refrigerant under high pressure. To avoid personal injury, any climate control service should be done only by an experienced technician with the proper equipment.4-14 Ventilators and climate control systems
  • 228. 5 Starting and drivingPrecautions when starting and driving ............................... 5-2 Cruise control ........................................................................ 5-17 Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) ................... 5-2 Precautions on cruise control .................................... 5-17 Avoiding collision and rollover ........................................ 5-5 Cruise control operation ............................................. 5-17 Off-road recovery ............................................................... 5-5 Increasing power economy ................................................ 5-19 Rapid air pressure loss ..................................................... 5-5 Parking/parking on hills ....................................................... 5-20 Drinking alcohol/drugs and driving ................................ 5-6 Electric power steering system ........................................ 5-21Push-button power switch .................................................... 5-7 Brake system ......................................................................... 5-21 Intelligent Key system ....................................................... 5-7 Braking precautions ..................................................... 5-21 Operating range for EV (Electric Vehicle) Electric parking brake break-in .................................. 5-23 start function ........................................................................ 5-8 Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) .............................. 5-23 Power switch operation .................................................... 5-8 Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) system ........................ 5-24 Power switch positions ..................................................... 5-9 Cold weather driving ........................................................... 5-26 Emergency EV (Electric Vehicle) shut off .................... 5-9 Freeing a frozen door lock .......................................... 5-26 Intelligent Key battery discharge ................................. 5-10 Antifreeze ........................................................................ 5-26Before starting the EV (Electric Vehicle) system .......... 5-10 12-volt battery ................................................................ 5-26Starting the EV (Electric Vehicle) system ....................... 5-11 Draining of coolant water ............................................ 5-26Driving vehicle ........................................................................ 5-11 Tire equipment ............................................................... 5-27 Electric shift control system ......................................... 5-11 Special winter equipment ........................................... 5-27Electric parking brake .......................................................... 5-15 Driving on snow or ice ................................................ 5-27 Freeing a frozen charge port lid ................................ 5-27
  • 229. PRECAUTIONS WHEN STARTINGAND DRIVING vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label. (If malfunction, the telltale will flash for approxi- WARNING your vehicle has tires of a different size than the mately one minute and then remain continuously size indicated on the vehicle placard or tire illuminated. This sequence will continue upon . Do not leave children or adults who inflation pressure label, you should determine subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the would normally require the support the proper tire inflation pressure for those tires.) malfunction exists. When the malfunction indi- of others alone in your vehicle. Pets As an added safety feature, your vehicle has cator is illuminated, the system may not be able should not be left alone either. They been equipped with a Tire Pressure Monitoring to detect or signal low tire pressure as intended. could accidentally injure themselves System (TPMS) that illuminates a low tire TPMS malfunctions may occur for a variety of or others through inadvertent op- pressure telltale when one or more of your tires reasons, including the installation of replace- eration of the vehicle. Also, on hot, is significantly under-inflated. Accordingly, when ment or alternate tires or wheels on the vehicle sunny days, temperatures in a the low tire pressure telltale illuminates, you that prevent the TPMS from functioning properly. closed vehicle could quickly become should stop and check your tires as soon as Always check the TPMS malfunction telltale high enough to cause severe or possible, and inflate them to the proper pres- after replacing one or more tires or wheels on possibly fatal injuries to people or sure. Driving on a significantly under-inflated tire your vehicle to ensure that the replacement or animals. causes the tire to overheat and can lead to tire alternate tires and wheels allow the TPMS to . Properly secure all cargo with ropes failure. Under-inflation also reduces power continue to function properly. or straps to help prevent it from efficiency and tire tread life, and may affect the Additional information sliding or shifting. Do not place vehicle’s handling and stopping ability. cargo higher than the seatbacks. In . The TPMS will activate only when the Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute for a sudden stop or collision, unse- vehicle is driven at speeds above 16 MPH proper tire maintenance, and it is the driver’s cured cargo could cause personal (25 km/h). Also, this system may not detect responsibility to maintain correct tire pressure, injury. a sudden drop in tire pressure (for example, even if under-inflation has not reached the level a flat tire while driving). to trigger illumination of the TPMS low tire pressure telltale. . The low tire pressure warning light does notTIRE PRESSURE MONITORING automatically turn off when the tire pressureSYSTEM (TPMS) Your vehicle has also been equipped with a is adjusted. After the tire is inflated to the TPMS malfunction indicator to indicate when theEach tire, should be checked monthly when cold recommended pressure, the vehicle must be system is not operating properly. The TPMSand inflated to the inflation pressure recom- driven at speeds above 16 MPH (25 km/h) malfunction indicator is combined with the lowmended by the vehicle manufacturer on the to activate the TPMS and turn off the low tire tire pressure telltale. When the system detects a5-2 Starting and driving
  • 230. pressure warning light. Use a tire pressure tact a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer gauge to check the tire pressure. WARNING as soon as possible for tire replace-. The Check tire Pressure warning appears on . If the low tire pressure warning light ment and/or system resetting. the dot matrix liquid crystal display when the illuminates while driving, avoid sud- . Replacing tires with those not ori- low tire pressure warning light is illuminated den steering maneuvers or abrupt ginally specified by NISSAN could and low tire pressure is detected. The braking, reduce vehicle speed, pull affect the proper operation of the Check tire Pressure warning turns off when off the road to a safe location and TPMS. the low tire pressure warning light turns off. stop the vehicle as soon as possi- . If you used the Emergency Tire The Check tire Pressure warning does not ble. Driving with under-inflated tires Sealant to repair a minor tire punc- appear if the low tire pressure warning light may permanently damage the tires ture, your NISSAN certified LEAF illuminates to indicate a TPMS malfunction. and increase the likelihood of tire dealer will also need to replace the. Tire pressure rises and falls depending on failure. Serious vehicle damage TPMS sensor in addition to repair- the heat caused by operation of the vehicle could occur and may lead to an ing or replacing the tire . and the outside temperature. A low outside accident and could result in serious personal injury. Check the tire pres- . NISSAN recommends using only temperature can decrease the temperature sure for all four tires. Adjust the tire NISSAN Genuine Emergency Tire of the air inside the tire, which can cause a pressure to the recommended COLD Sealant provided with your vehicle. lower tire inflation pressure. This may cause tire pressure shown on the Tire and Other tire sealants may damage the the low tire pressure warning light to Loading Information label to turn valve stem seal which can cause the illuminate. If the warning light illuminates in the low tire pressure warning light tire to lose air pressure. low ambient temperature, check the tire pressure for all four tires. OFF. If the tire is flat, repair it as soon as possible. (See “Flat tire” inFor additional information, see “Low tire pres-sure warning light” in the “2. Instruments and the “6. In case of emergency” sec- CAUTION tion for changing a flat tire.)controls” section and “Tire Pressure Monitoring . The TPMS may not function properlySystem (TPMS)” in the “6. In case of emer- . When a wheel is replaced, the TPMS when the wheels are equipped withgency” section. will not function and the low tire tire chains or the wheels are buried pressure warning light will flash for in snow. approximately 1 minute. The light will remain on after 1 minute. Con- Starting and driving 5-3
  • 231. . Do not place metalized film or any Operation: NOTE: metal parts (antenna, etc.) on the 1. Add air to the tire. Changes or modifications not expressly windows. This may cause poor re- 2. After a few seconds, the hazard indicators approved by the party responsible for ception of the signals from the tire will start flashing. compliance could void the user’s authority pressure sensors, and the TPMS will to operate the equipment. 3. When the designated pressure is reached, not function properly. For Canada: the horn beeps once and the hazard indicators stop flashing.Some devices and transmitters may temporarily This device complies with RSS-210 ofinterfere with the operation of the TPMS and Industry Canada. Operation is subject to 4. Perform the above steps for each tire.cause the low tire pressure warning light to the following two conditions: (1) this . If the tire is over-inflated more than approxi-illuminate. Some examples are: device may not cause interference, and mately 4 psi (30 kPa), the horn beeps and (2) this device must accept any interfer- the hazard indicators flash 3 times. To. Facilities or electric devices using similar ence, including interference that may radio frequencies that are near the vehicle. correct the pressure, push the core of the cause undesired operation of the device. valve stem on the tire briefly to release. If a transmitter set to similar frequencies is pressure. When the pressure reaches the being used in or near the vehicle. TPMS with Easy Fill Tire Alert designated pressure, the horn beeps once.. If a computer (or similar equipment) or a DC/ When tire pressure is low, the low tire pressure warning light illuminates. . If the hazard indicator does not flash within AC converter is being used in or near the approximately 15 seconds after starting to vehicle. This vehicle provides visual and audible signals inflate the tire, it indicates that the Easy FillFCC Notice: to help you inflate the tires to the recommended Tire Alert is not operating. COLD tire pressure.For USA: . The TPMS will not activate the Easy Fill Tire Vehicle set-up:This device complies with Part 15 of the Alert under the following conditions:FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the 1. Park the vehicle in a safe and level place. — If there is interference from an externalfollowing two conditions: (1) This device 2. Apply the parking brake and push the P device or transmitter.may not cause harmful interference, and position switch on the selector lever. — The air pressure from the inflation device(2) this device must accept any interfer- 3. Place the power switch in the ON position. is not sufficient to inflate the tire such asence received, including interference that Do not place in the READY to drive mode. those using a power socket.may cause undesired operation.5-4 Starting and driving
  • 232. — If an electrical equipment is being used in result in a collision with other vehicles or 1. Remain calm and do not overreact. or near the vehicle. objects, or cause the vehicle to rollover, 2. Do not apply the brakes. — There is a malfunction in the TPMS particularly if the loss of control causes the 3. Maintain a firm grip on the steering wheel system. vehicle to slide sideways. Be attentive at all with both hands and try to hold a straight — There is a malfunction in the horn or times, and avoid driving when tired. Never drive course. hazard indicators. when under the influence of alcohol or drugs (including prescription or over-the-counter 4. When appropriate, slowly release the accel- — If the Easy Fill Tire Alert does not operate drugs which may cause drowsiness). Always erator pedal to gradually slow the vehicle. due to TPMS interference, move the wear your seat belt as outlined in the “Seat 5. If there is nothing in the way, steer the vehicle about 3 ft (1 m) backward or belts” in the “1. Safety—Seats, seat belts and vehicle to follow the road while the vehicle forward and try again. supplemental restraint system” section of this speed is reduced. Do not attempt to drive manual, and also instruct your passengers to do the vehicle back onto the road surface untilIf the Easy Fill Tire Alert is not working, use a tire so. vehicle speed is reduced.pressure gauge. Seat belts help reduce the risk of injury in 6. When it is safe to do so, gradually turn theAVOIDING COLLISION AND ROLL- collisions and rollovers. In a rollover crash, an steering wheel until both tires return to theOVER unbelted or improperly belted person is road surface. When all tires are on the road significantly more likely to be injured or surface, steer the vehicle to stay in the killed than a person properly wearing a appropriate driving lane. WARNING seat belt. . If you decide that it is not safe to return Failure to operate this vehicle in a safe the vehicle to the road surface based on OFF-ROAD RECOVERY and prudent manner may result in loss vehicle, road or traffic conditions, gradu- While driving, the right side or left side wheels ally slow the vehicle to a stop in a safe of control or an accident. may unintentionally leave the road surface. If this place off the road. occurs, maintain control of the vehicle byBe alert and drive defensively at all times. Obey following the procedure below. Please note that RAPID AIR PRESSURE LOSSall traffic regulations. Avoid excessive speed, this procedure is only a general guide. The Rapid air pressure loss or a “blow-out” canhigh speed cornering, or sudden steering vehicle must be driven as appropriate based on occur if the tire is punctured or is damaged duemaneuvers, because these driving practices the conditions of the vehicle, road and traffic. to hitting a curb or pothole. Rapid air pressurecould cause you to lose control of your vehicle. loss can also be caused by driving on under-As with any vehicle, a loss of control could Starting and driving 5-5
  • 233. inflated tires. . Do not rapidly apply the brakes. DRINKING ALCOHOL/DRUGS ANDRapid air pressure loss can affect the handling . Do not rapidly release the accelera- DRIVINGand stability of the vehicle, especially at highway tor pedal.speeds. WARNING . Do not rapidly turn the steeringHelp prevent rapid air pressure loss by main- wheel. Never drive under the influence oftaining the correct air pressure and visuallyinspect the tires for wear and damage. See alcohol or drugs. Alcohol in the blood-“Wheels and tires” in the “8. Maintenance and 1. Remain calm and do not overreact. stream reduces coordination, delaysdo-it-yourself” section of this manual. 2. Maintain a firm grip on the steering wheel reaction time and impairs judgement. with both hands and try to hold a straight Driving after drinking alcohol increasesIf a tire rapidly loses air pressure or “blows-out” course. the likelihood of being involved in anwhile driving maintain control of the vehicle by 3. When appropriate, slowly release the accel- accident injuring yourself and others.following the procedure below. Please note that erator pedal to gradually slow the vehicle. Additionally, if you are injured in anthis procedure is only a general guide. The accident, alcohol can increase the se-vehicle must be driven as appropriate based on 4. Gradually steer the vehicle to a safe location verity of the injury.the conditions of the vehicle, road and traffic. off the road and away from traffic if possible. 5. Lightly apply the brake pedal to gradually WARNING NISSAN is committed to safe driving. However, stop the vehicle. you must choose not to drive under the influence The following actions can increase the 6. Turn on the hazard warning flashers and of alcohol. Every year thousands of people are chance of losing control of the vehicle if either contact a roadside emergency service injured or killed in alcohol-related accidents. there is a sudden loss of tire air to change the tire or see “Flat tire” in the “6. Although the local laws vary on what is pressure. Losing control of the vehicle In case of emergency” of this Owner’s considered to be legally intoxicated, the fact is may cause a collision and result in Manual. that alcohol affects all people differently and personal injury. most people underestimate the effects of alcohol. . The vehicle generally moves or pulls in the direction of the flat tire. Remember, drinking and driving don’t mix! That is true for drugs too (over-the-counter, prescrip- tion, and illegal drugs). Do not drive if your ability to operate your vehicle is impaired by alcohol,5-6 Starting and driving
  • 234. PUSH-BUTTON POWER SWITCHdrugs, or some other physical condition. WARNING CAUTION Do not operate the power switch while . Be sure to carry the Intelligent Key driving the vehicle except in an emer- with you when operating the vehi- gency. (The EV system shuts down cle. when the power switch is pushed 3 . Never leave the Intelligent Key in- consecutive times or the power switch side the vehicle when you leave the is pushed and held for more than 2 vehicle. seconds.) If the EV system stops while the vehicle is being driven, this could lead to a crash and serious injury. Before operating the power switch, make sure the vehicle is in the P (Park) position. INTELLIGENT KEY SYSTEM The Intelligent Key system allows the driver to start the EV (Electric Vehicle) system without taking the key out of the pocket or purse. The operating environment and/or conditions may affect Intelligent Key system operation. Some indicators and warnings for operation are displayed on the dot matrix liquid crystal display in the lower display. See “Dot matrix liquid crystal display” in the “2. Instruments and controls” section.) Starting and driving 5-7
  • 235. the power switch to start the EV (Electric Vehicle) system. . The cargo area is not included in the operating range but the Intelligent Key may function. . If the Intelligent Key is placed on the instrument panel, inside the glove box or door pocket, the Intelligent Key may not function. . If the Intelligent Key is placed near a door or window outside the vehicle, the Intelligent Key may not function. *: Push while the brake pedal is depressed.OPERATING RANGE FOR EV (Elec- POWER SWITCH OPERATIONtric Vehicle) START FUNCTION When the power switch is pushed withoutThe Intelligent Key function can only be used for depressing the brake pedal, the power switchstarting the EV (Electric Vehicle) system when position will change as follows.the Intelligent Key is within the specifiedoperating range *. 1 . Push once to change to ACC.When the Intelligent Key battery is almost . Push two times to change to ON.discharged or strong radio waves are present . Push three times to change to OFF.near the operating location, the Intelligent Key . Push four times to return to ACC.system’s operating range becomes narrowerand it may not function properly. . Open or close any door to return to LOCK while in the OFF position.If the Intelligent Key is within the operatingrange, it is possible for anyone, even someone The indicator light * on the power switch Awho does not carry the Intelligent Key, to push illuminates when the power switch is in the ACC5-8 Starting and driving
  • 236. or ON position. ON EMERGENCY EV (Electric Vehicle)The power lock is designed so that the power This position turns on the EV (Electric Vehicle) SHUT OFFswitch position cannot be switched to LOCK system and electrical accessories. To shut off the EV (Electric Vehicle) system in anuntil the vehicle is into the P (Park) position. emergency situation while driving, perform theWhen the power switch cannot be switched to READY (Normal operating position) following procedure.the LOCK position, proceed as follows. This position turns on the EV (Electric Vehicle) system, electrical accessories and the vehicle . Rapidly push the power switch 3 consecu-1. Push the P position switch on the selector tive times in less than 1.5 seconds, or can be driven. lever to place the vehicle in the P (Park) . Push and hold the power switch for more position. OFF than 2 seconds.2. Push the power switch to the OFF position. The EV (Electric Vehicle) system can be turned The power switch position indicator * will A off. not illuminate. The power switch cannot be placed in the3. Open the door. The power switch will LOCK position until the vehicle is in the P (Park) change to the LOCK position. position.POWER SWITCH POSITIONS CAUTIONLOCK (Normal parking position)The power switch can only be locked in this Do not leave the vehicle with the powerposition. switch in the ACC position for an extended period of time. This can dis-The power switch will be unlocked when it is charge the 12-volt battery.pushed to the ACC position while the driver iscarrying the Intelligent Key. NOTE:ACC (Accessories) If the power switch is pushed quickly or isThis position activates electrical accessories, pushed twice quickly, the switch may notsuch as the radio, when EV system is OFF. function even if a chime sound is heard. Push the switch again more slowly. Starting and driving 5-9
  • 237. BEFORE STARTING THE EV (Electric Vehicle) SYSTEM 4. Push the power switch while depressing the . Make sure that the area around the vehicle is brake pedal within 10 seconds after the clear. chime sounds. The power switch position changes to READY to drive mode. . Check fluid levels such as coolant, brake fluid, and window washer fluid as frequently After step 3 is performed, if the power switch is as possible. pushed without depressing the brake pedal, the power switch position will change to ACC. . Check that all windows and lights are clean. . Visually inspect tires for their appearance NOTE: and condition. Also check tires for proper . When the power switch is pushed to inflation. the ACC or ON position or READY to drive mode by the above procedure, the . Check that all doors are closed. Intelligent Key battery discharge indi- . Position the seat and adjust the head cator appears on the dot matrix liquid restraints. crystal display even if the IntelligentINTELLIGENT KEY BATTERY DIS- . Adjust the inside and outside mirrors. Key is inside the vehicle. This is not aCHARGE malfunction. To stop the warning in- . Fasten seat belts and ask all passengers to dicator from blinking, touch the power do likewise.If the Intelligent Key battery is discharged, orenvironmental conditions interfere with the switch with the Intelligent Key again. . Check the operation of the warning lightsIntelligent Key operation, start the EV (Electric . If the Intelligent Key system battery when the power switch is pushed to the ONVehicle) system in the READY to drive mode discharge indicator appears on the dot position. (See “Warning/indicator lights andaccording to the following procedure: matrix liquid crystal display, replace the audible reminders” in the “2. Instruments1. Push the P (Park) position switch on the battery as soon as possible. See “In- and controls” section.) selector lever. telligent Key battery replacement” in the “8. Maintenance and do-it-yourself”2. Firmly apply the foot brake. section.3. Touch the power switch with the Intelligent Key as illustrated. (A chime will sound.)5-10 Starting and driving
  • 238. STARTING THE EV (Electric Vehicle)SYSTEM DRIVING VEHICLE1. Confirm the parking brake is applied. 3. Release the electric parking brake and foot ELECTRIC SHIFT CONTROL SYS- brake pedal, and then gradually start the2. Confirm that the vehicle is in the P (Park) TEM vehicle in motion. position. This vehicle is electronically controlled to The EV (Electric Vehicle) is designed not to produce maximum available power and smooth operate unless the selector position is in the WARNING operation. P (Park) or N (Neutral) positions. . Do not depress the accelerator The recommended operating procedures for this The Intelligent Key must be carried vehicle are shown on the following pages. pedal while shifting from P (Park) with you when operating the power or N (Neutral) to R (Reverse) or D switch. Starting vehicle (Drive) position. Always depress the3. Depress the brake pedal and push the 1. After placing the vehicle in the READY to brake pedal until shifting is com- power switch to place the EV (Electric drive position, fully depress the foot brake pleted. Failure to do so could cause Vehicle) system in the READY to drive pedal before moving the selector lever to the you to lose control, which could position. D (Drive) position. result in an accident. To place the vehicle in the READY to drive The selector lever of this vehicle is . Never shift to P (Park) or R (Re- position immediately, push and release the designed so that the foot brake pedal verse) while vehicle is moving. Fail- power switch while depressing the brake must be depressed before shifting ure to do so could cause you to lose pedal with the power switch in any position. from the P (Park) position to any control and have an accident. The READY to drive indicator light in driving position while the power switch the meter illuminates. is in the ON position.4. To stop the EV (Electric Vehicle) system, The selector lever cannot be moved out CAUTION push the P position switch on the selector of the P (Park) position and into any of lever, and push the power switch to the OFF the other positions if the power switch . When stopping the vehicle on an position. is placed in the LOCK, OFF or ACC uphill slope, do not hold the vehicle position or if the key is removed. by depressing the accelerator pedal. The foot brake should be used for 2. Keep the foot brake pedal depressed, and this purpose. move the selector lever to the D (Drive) position. Starting and driving 5-11
  • 239. . Do not hang items on the selector selector lever or the dot matrix liquid lever. This may cause an accident crystal display in the meter. due to a sudden start. . To place the vehicle into the D (Drive) . Do not shift to the ECO position position from the ECO position, move abruptly on slippery roads. This may the selector lever into the D (Drive) cause a loss of control. position. After placing the vehicle in the READY to driveNOTE: position, fully depress the brake pedal, and move the selector lever to any of the preferredIf the accelerator pedal is depressed when shift positions.the vehicle is in the D (Drive) or ECOposition and the driver’s seat belt is If the power switch is placed in the OFF or ACCsecurely fastened, the parking brake will position for any reason while the shift position isbe released automatically. See “Electric in any position other than the P (Park) position,parking brake” later in this section. the power switch cannot be placed in the LOCK Shifting position. To move the selector lever, If the power switch cannot be placed in the : Slide along the gate while the brake pedal LOCK position, perform the following steps. is depressed. 1. Apply the parking brake when the vehicle is : After sliding, maintain it in the same position until the vehicle placed to N stopped. (Neutral) position. 2. Place the power switch in the ON position : When in the D (Drive) position, slide along while depressing the foot brake pedal. the gate. 3. Press the P position switch and place in the P (Park) position. NOTE: 4. Place the power switch in the OFF position. . Confirm that the vehicle is in the desired shift position by checking the shift indicator * located near the 15-12 Starting and driving
  • 240. NOTE: — Moving the selector lever to theThe vehicle automatically applies the P CAUTION D (Drive) or ECO position when(Park) position when the power switch is in reversing . Do not slide the selector lever whilethe OFF position. If these operations are attempted, a pushing the P position switch. This may also damage the electric motor. chime sounds and the vehicle shifts WARNING to the N (Neutral) position. . When switching to the preferred . The selector lever is always in the position by operating the selector center position when released. lever, check that the selector lever When the power switch is placed in returns to the central position by the READY to drive position, the releasing your hand from the lever. driver needs to confirm that the Holding the selector lever in a mid- vehicle is in the P (Park) position. way position may also damage the The indicator next to the “P” by the shift control system. selector lever is illuminated and the . Do not operate the selector lever “P” is displayed on the meter. If the while the accelerator pedal is de- vehicle is in the D (Drive) position or pressed, except when switching to R (Reverse) position when the the ECO position. This may cause a power switch is placed in the sudden start which could result in READY to drive position, this may an accident. cause a sudden start which could result in an accident. . The following operations are not allowed because excessive force . On a hilly road, do not allow the would be applied to the traction vehicle to roll backwards while in motor and this may result in da- the D (Drive) position or ECO posi- mage to the vehicle: tion, or allow the vehicle to roll forward while in the R (Reverse) — Moving the selector lever to the position. This may cause an acci- R (Reverse) position when driv- dent. ing forward Starting and driving 5-13
  • 241. push the P position switch and place the vehicle position in this position. in the P (Park) position. See “Electric parking Do not shift to the N (Neutral) position while brake” later in this section. driving. The regenerative brake system does not NOTE: operate in the N (Neutral) position. However, the . While the vehicle is stationary, if the vehicle brakes will still stop the car. shift position is placed in any position D (Drive): other than the P (Park) position when Use this position for all normal forward driving. If the power switch is set to OFF, it will the vehicle is placed in the D (Drive) automatically switch to the P (Park) position while reversing, the chime will position. sound and the vehicle will switch into the N . If the P position switch is pressed while (Neutral) position. sliding the selector lever, the shift ECO: position will not switch to the P (Park) Use ECO in order to help extend the driving position. When pressing the P positionP (Park): range. switch be sure to first allow the selec-Use this shift position when the vehicle is parked tor lever to return to its center position. In comparison to the D (Drive) position, ECOor when placing the vehicle in the READY to consumes less power for the traction motor and R (Reverse): heater and air conditioner operations anddrive position. Make sure that the vehicle is Use this position to back up. Make sure that the enables the range of the vehicle to be extended.completely stopped. In order to switch to the vehicle is completely stopped before selecting ECO can only be selected from the DP (Park) position, press the P position the R (Reverse) position. If the vehicle is (Drive) position.switch as shown in the illustration above placed in the D (Drive) position whileonce the vehicle has come to a complete reversing, the chime will sound and thestop. If the P position switch is pressed vehicle will switch into the N (Neutral)while the vehicle is in motion, a chime position.sounds and the current shift position ismaintained. After switching to the P (Park) N (Neutral):position, apply the parking brake. When parking Neither forward nor reverse gear is engaged.on a hill, apply the parking brake first while The vehicle can be placed in READY to drivekeeping the foot brake pedal depressed then5-14 Starting and driving
  • 242. ELECTRIC PARKING BRAKEThe electric parking brake can be applied or To release:released by operating the electric parking brake 1. Firmly apply the foot brake.switch. 2. Push down on the electric parking brake switch *. 2 WARNING 3. Before driving, make sure that both the . Be sure the electric parking brake is electric parking brake indicator light and the released before driving. Failure to parking brake switch operation indicator * 3 do so could cause brake failure and turn off. lead to an accident. Electric parking brake automatic release: . Do not release the electric parking 1. Securely fasten the driver’s seat belt. brake from outside the vehicle. 2. Firmly depress the brake pedal. . Do not leave children unattended in 3. Place the vehicle in either the D position, a vehicle. They could release the ECO position or R position. To apply: electric parking brake and cause an 4. The electric parking brake is automatically accident. 1. Firmly apply the foot brake. released after the accelerator pedal is . When leaving the vehicle, apply the 2. Pull up on the electric parking brake switch depressed. electric parking brake and push the *. 1 Hill start: P (Park) position switch on the When operating the electric parking brake 1. Apply the parking brake. selector lever. switch with the power switch in the ON or READY to drive position, the electric parking 2. Securely fasten the driver’s seat belt. . Do not release the foot brake pedal brake indicator light in the meter and the electric 3. Check that the select lever is in the D (Drive) until the electric parking brake is parking brake switch operation indicator * 3 position or ECO position. fully applied. Failure to do so may illuminate after the parking brake is firmly 4. Gradually depress the accelerator pedal. cause the vehicle to move suddenly, applied. which could result in an accident. 5. The parking brake automatically releases. Starting and driving 5-15
  • 243. NOTE: operation indicator illuminate. This. While the electric parking brake is does not indicate a malfunction. The CAUTION applied or released, an operating electric parking brake indicator light sound is heard from the lower side of To park the vehicle in cold climates, and parking switch operation indicator the rear seat. However, this is not a push the P position switch on the turn off when the electric parking brake malfunction. selector lever and place suitable chocks switch is released. at both the front and back of a wheel. When the electric parking brake is . Pull up on the electric parking brake with the electric parking brake re- frequently applied and released in a switch twice so that the maximum leased. If the electric parking brake is short period of time, the electric park- electric parking brake force can be applied in cold climates, the brake may ing brake may not operate in order to applied to the vehicle. freeze and cannot be released. prevent the electric parking brake sys- . When operating the electric parking tem from overheating. If this occurs, brake switch with the power switch in If a malfunction occurs in the electric parking operate the electric parking brake the ON position, the electric parking brake system due to 12-volt battery discharge, again after approximately 1 minute. brake indicator light in the meter and etc. or the electric parking brake cannot be. The electric parking brake can be the electric parking brake switch op- released by operating the electric parking brake released with the power switch in the eration indicator turn on. switch, mechanically release the electric parking ON or READY to drive position. . Do not start driving while the parking brake.. If the electric parking brake must be brake is applied. Doing so may cause For procedure for releasing the electric parking applied while driving in an emergency, the parking brake to overheat or re- brake, see “Parking brake mechanical release” in pull up and hold the electric parking duce its effectiveness, which could the “6. In case of emergency” section. brake switch. When you release the result in an accident. parking brake switch, the parking . When pulling the electric parking brake brake will be released. switch with the power switch in the. While pulling up on the electric parking OFF or ACC position, the electric park- brake switch, the electric parking brake ing brake switch operation indicator is applied and a chime sounds. The will continue to illuminate for a short electric parking brake indicator light in period of time. the meter and parking brake switch5-16 Starting and driving
  • 244. CRUISE CONTROLPRECAUTIONS ON CRUISE CON- . on winding or hilly roadsTROL . on slippery roads (rain, snow, ice, etc.). If the cruise control system malfunctions, it will cancel automatically. The SET indicator . in very windy areas on the dot matrix crystal display will then Doing so could cause a loss of vehicle blink to warn the driver. control and result in an accident.. If the SET indicator on the dot matrix crystal display blinks, turn the cruise control MAIN switch off and have the system checked by a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer.. The SET indicator on the dot matrix crystal display may blink when the cruise control MAIN switch is turned ON while pushing the 1. RESUME/ACCELERATE switch RESUME/ACCELERATE, SET/COAST or 2. SET/COAST switch CANCEL switch. To properly set the cruise 3. CANCEL switch control system, perform the following pro- 4. MAIN (ON·OFF) switch cedure. CRUISE CONTROL OPERATION WARNING The cruise control allows driving at a speed between 25 to 89 MPH (40 to 144 km/h) Do not use the cruise control when without keeping your foot on the accelerator driving under the following conditions: pedal. . when it is not possible to keep the To turn on the cruise control, push the MAIN vehicle at a set speed switch on. The CRUISE indicator on the dot . in heavy traffic or in traffic that matrix crystal display will illuminate. varies in speed To set the cruising speed, accelerate the vehicle to the preferred speed, push the SET/ Starting and driving 5-17
  • 245. COAST switch and release it. Take your foot off . If you move the selector lever to the N To resume the preset speed, push andthe accelerator pedal. The vehicle will maintain (Neutral) position the cruise control will be release the RESUME/ACCELERATE switch.the set speed. canceled. The vehicle will resume the last set cruising. To pass another vehicle, depress the To reset at a faster cruising speed, use one speed when the vehicle speed is over 25 MPH accelerator pedal. When you release the of the following methods. (40 km/h). pedal, the vehicle will return to the previously . Depress the accelerator pedal. When the set speed. vehicle attains the preferred speed, push. The vehicle may not maintain the set speed and release the SET/COAST switch. on winding or hilly roads. If this happens, . Push and hold the RESUME/ACCELERATE drive without using the cruise control. switch. When the vehicle attains the pre-To cancel the preset speed, use one of the ferred speed, release the switch.following methods. . Push, then quickly release the RESUME/1. Push the CANCEL switch. ACCELERATE switch. Each time you do2. Tap the brake pedal. this, the set speed will increase by about 1 MPH (1.6 km/h).3. Turn the MAIN switch off. The CRUISE indicator on the dot matrix crystal display will To reset at a slower cruising speed, use one turn off. of the following methods.. If you depress the brake pedal while pushing . Lightly tap the brake pedal. When the the RESUME/ACCELERATE or SET/ vehicle attains the preferred speed, push COAST switch and reset at the cruising the SET/COAST switch and release it. speed, the cruise control will disengage. . Push and hold the SET/COAST switch. Turn the MAIN switch off once and then turn Release the switch when the vehicle slows it on again. down to the preferred speed.. The cruise control will automatically cancel if . Push, then quickly release, the SET/COAST the vehicle slows more than 8 MPH (13 switch. Each time you do this, the set speed km/h) below the set speed. will decrease by about 1 MPH (1.6 km/h).5-18 Starting and driving
  • 246. INCREASING POWER ECONOMYVehicle range depends on a number of factors. — The ECO position helps reduce power . Release the accelerator pedal to slow down consumption by reducing acceleration and do not apply the brakes when traffic andActual vehicle range will vary depending upon: when compared to the same accelerator road conditions allow.. speed, pedal position in the D (Drive ) position. — This vehicle is equipped with a regen-. vehicle load, — The ECO position reduces the power erative brake system. The primary pur-. electrical load from vehicle accessories, provided to the heater and air conditioner pose of regenerative brake system is to system. provide some power to recharge the Li-. traffic and road conditions, ion battery and extend driving range. A . Drive at a constant speed. Maintain cruisingNISSAN recommends the following driving secondary benefit is “engine braking” speeds with a constant accelerator posi-habits to help maximize vehicle range: that operates based on Li-ion battery tions or by using cruise control whenBefore driving: appropriate. conditions. In the D (Drive) position, when the accelerator pedal is released,. Follow recommended periodic maintenance. . Accelerate slowly and smoothly. Gently the regenerative brake system provides. Keep tires inflated to correct pressure. press and release the accelerator pedal for some deceleration and some power to acceleration and deceleration. the Li-ion battery.. Keep wheels in correct alignment. . Drive at moderate speeds on the highway.. Pre-heat or pre-cool the interior cabin while the vehicle is charging. . Avoid frequent stopping and braking. Main- tain a safe distance behind other vehicles.. Remove unnecessary cargo from the vehi- cle. . Turn off the air conditioner/heater when it isWhile driving: not necessary.. Drive in ECO mode . Select a moderate temperature setting for heating or cooling to help reduce power — In the ECO position more regenerative consumption. brake is applied when the accelerator pedal is released in comparison to the D . Use the air conditioner/heater and close (Drive) position and more power is windows to reduce drag when cruising at provided to the Li-ion battery. highway speed. Starting and driving 5-19
  • 247. PARKING/PARKING ON HILLS 3. To help prevent the vehicle from rolling into the street when parked on a slope, it is a good practice to turn the wheels as illustrated. . HEADED DOWNHILL WITH CURB: * 1 Turn the wheels into the curb and move the vehicle forward until the curb side wheel gently touches the curb. . HEADED UPHILL WITH CURB: * 2 Turn the wheels away from the curb and move the vehicle back until the curb side wheel gently touches the curb. . HEADED UPHILL OR DOWNHILL, NO CURB: * 3 Turn the wheels toward the side of the become involved in serious acci- road so the vehicle will move away from WARNING dents. the center of the road if it moves. 4. Place the power switch in the OFF position. . Do not stop or park the vehicle over . Safe parking procedures require flammable materials such as dry that both the parking brake be grass, waste paper or rags. They applied and the vehicle placed in may ignite and cause a fire. the park position. Failure to do so . Never leave the vehicle in the could cause the vehicle to move READY to drive mode while the unexpectedly or roll away and result vehicle is unattended. in an accident. . Do not leave children unattended inside the vehicle. They could un- 1. Firmly apply the parking brake. knowingly activate switches or con- 2. Push the P position switch on the selector trols. Unattended children could lever.5-20 Starting and driving
  • 248. ELECTRIC POWER STEERINGSYSTEM BRAKE SYSTEM such steering wheel operations that could cause the electric power steering system to overheat. BRAKING PRECAUTIONS WARNING This vehicle is equipped with two braking You may hear a noise when the steering wheel is . If the READY to drive indicator light operated quickly. However, this is not a mal- systems: is OFF while driving, the power function. 1. Hydraulic brake system assist for the steering will not work. 2. Regenerative brake system Steering will be harder to operate. If the electric power steering warning light illuminates while the READY to drive indicator . When the electric power steering Hydraulic brake system light is ON, it may indicate the electric power warning light illuminates while the steering system is not functioning properly and The hydraulic brake system is similar to the READY to drive indicator light ON, may need servicing. Have the electric power brakes used on conventional vehicles. the power assist for the steering will steering system checked by a NISSAN certified The brake system has two separate hydraulic cease operation. You will still have LEAF dealer. (See “Electric power steering circuits. If one circuit malfunctions, you will still control of the vehicle but the steer- warning light” in the “2. Instruments and have braking at two wheels. ing will be harder to operate. controls” section.) Regenerative brake system The power assist for steering stops operatingThe electric power steering system is designed when both the electric power steering warning The primary purpose of regenerative braketo provide power assistance while driving to light and READY to drive indicator light are system is to provide some power to helpoperate the steering wheel with less effort. illuminated. You will still have control of the recharge the Li-ion battery and extend drivingWhen the steering wheel is operated repeatedly vehicle. However, greater steering effort is range. A secondary benefit is “engine braking”or continuously while parking or driving at a very needed, especially in sharp turns and at low that operates based on battery conditions.low speed, the power assist for the steering speeds. In the D range, when the accelerator is released,wheel will be reduced. This is to prevent the regenerative brake system provides someoverheating of the electric power steering deceleration and generates power for the Li-ionsystem and help protect it from getting da- battery. Power is also generated when the brakemaged. While the power assistance is reduced, pedal is applied.steering wheel operation will become harder. When you put the shift selector in the ECOWhen the temperature of the electric power position and take your foot off the acceleratorsteering system goes down, the power assis- pedal, more regenerative brake is applied than intance level will return to normal. Avoid repeating the D (Drive) position. However, during high- Starting and driving 5-21
  • 249. speed driving you may feel that regenerative pedal will be required to stop the which could result in an accident.brake provides less deceleration than the engine vehicle, and the stopping distance willbraking in an ordinary vehicle. This is normal. be longer. . If the brake pedal is depressed with the EV (Electric Vehicle) systemLess deceleration is provided by the regenera- . When depressing the brake pedal, the OFF, you may feel an increasedtive brake system when the Li-ion battery is fully braking pedal feel will not be smooth brake pedal effort and a decreasedcharged. Regenerative brake is automatically or may change when the cooperative pedal stroke. If the BRAKE warningreduced when the Li-ion battery is fully charged regenerative brake system activates. light does not illuminate and theto prevent the Li-ion battery from becoming However, the electronically controlled brake pedal feels like it has re-overcharged. Regenerative brake is also auto- brake system is operating normally and turned to its normal state after thematically reduced when the battery temperature this does not indicate a malfunction. EV system is started, this indicatesis high/low (indicated by the red/blue zones on that there is no malfunction and thethe battery temperature gauge) to prevent Li-ion Using brakes vehicle can be operated normally.battery damage. Avoid resting your foot on the brake pedal whileThe brake pedal should be used to slow or stop driving. This will cause overheating of thethe vehicle depending on traffic or road condi- brakes, wearing out the brake pads and shoes Wet brakestions. The vehicle brakes are not affected by faster and will reduce driving range. When the vehicle is washed or driven throughregenerative brake system operation. To help reduce brake wear and to prevent the water, the brakes may get wet. As a result, the brakes from overheating, reduce speed and braking distance will be longer and the vehicleNOTE: select ECO position before going down a slope may pull to one side during braking.. When applying the regenerative or long grade. Overheated brakes may reduce brakes, you may hear a sound coming To dry brakes, drive the vehicle at a safe speed braking performance and could result in loss of while lightly tapping the brake pedal to heat up from the regenerative brake system. vehicle control. This is a normal operating character- the brakes. Do this until the brakes return to istic of an EV (Electric vehicle). normal. Avoid driving the vehicle at high speeds WARNING until the brakes have dried.. If the power switch position is in a position other than ON or READY to . While driving on a slippery surface, drive, you can stop the vehicle by be careful when braking or acceler- depressing the brake pedal. However, ating. Abrupt braking or accelerat- greater foot pressure on the brake ing could cause the wheels to skid,5-22 Starting and driving
  • 250. ELECTRIC PARKING BRAKE Always maintain a safe distance Using the systemBREAK-IN from the vehicle in front of you. Depress the brake pedal and hold it down.Break in the parking brake shoes whenever the Ultimately, the driver is responsible Depress the brake pedal with firm steadyholding effect of the parking brake is weakened for safety. pressure, but do not pump the brakes. Theor whenever the parking brake shoes and/or . Tire type and condition may also ABS will operate to prevent the wheels fromdrums are replaced, in order to maintain affect braking effectiveness. locking up. Steer the vehicle to avoid obstacles.optimum braking performance. — When replacing tires, install theThis procedure is described in the vehicle specified size of tires on all four WARNINGService Manual, and it can be performed by a wheels.NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. Do not pump the brake pedal. Doing so — For detailed information, see may result in increased stopping dis-ANTI-LOCK BRAKING SYSTEM “Wheels and tires” in the “8. tances.(ABS) Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section of this manual. Self-test feature WARNING The ABS includes electronic sensors, electric The Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) controls . The Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) the brakes so the wheels do not lock during hard pumps, hydraulic solenoids and a computer. The is a sophisticated device, but it braking or when braking on slippery surfaces. computer has a built-in diagnostic feature that cannot prevent accidents resulting The system detects the rotation speed at each tests the system each time you push the power from careless or dangerous driving wheel and varies the brake fluid pressure to switch in the READY to drive position and move techniques. It can help maintain prevent each wheel from locking and sliding. By the vehicle at a low speed in forward or reverse. vehicle control during braking on preventing each wheel from locking, the system When the self-test occurs, you may hear a slippery surfaces. Remember that helps the driver maintain steering control and “clunk” noise and/or feel a pulsation in the brake stopping distances on slippery sur- helps to minimize swerving and spinning on pedal. This is normal and does not indicate a faces will be longer than on normal slippery surfaces. malfunction. If the computer senses a malfunc- surfaces even with ABS. Stopping tion, it switches the ABS off and illuminates the distances may also be longer on ABS warning light on the instrument panel. The rough, gravel or snow covered brake system then operates normally, but with- roads, or if you are using tire chains. out anti-lock assistance. Starting and driving 5-23
  • 251. VEHICLE DYNAMIC CONTROL (VDC) SYSTEMIf the ABS warning light illuminates during the The Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) system . The road may be slippery or the system mayself-test or while driving, have the vehicle uses various sensors to monitor driver inputs determine some action is required to helpchecked by a NISSAN certified LEAF dealer. and vehicle motion. Under certain driving con- keep the vehicle on the steered path. ditions, the VDC system helps to perform the . You may feel a pulsation in the brake pedalNormal operation following functions. and hear a noise or vibration from under theThe ABS operates at speeds above 3 to 6 MPH . Controls brake pressure to reduce wheel hood. This is normal and indicates that the(5 to 10 km/h). The speed varies according to slip on one slipping drive wheel so power is VDC system is working properly.road conditions. transferred to a drive wheel on the same axle . Adjust your speed and driving according toWhen the ABS senses that one or more wheels that is not slipping. the road conditions.are close to locking up, the actuator rapidlyapplies and releases hydraulic pressure. This . Controls brake pressure and traction motor See “Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) warningaction is similar to pumping the brakes very output to reduce drive wheel slip based on light” in the “2. Instruments and controls”quickly. You may feel a pulsation in the brake vehicle speed (traction control function). section and “Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC)pedal and hear a noise from under the hood or . Controls brake pressure at individual wheels off indicator light” in the “2. Instruments andfeel a vibration from the actuator when it is and traction motor output to help the driver controls” section.operating. This is normal and indicates that the maintain control of the vehicle in the follow- If a malfunction occurs in the system, theABS is operating properly. However, the pulsa- ing conditions. warning illuminates in the lower display. Thetion may indicate that road conditions are — understeer (vehicle tends to not follow VDC system automatically turns off when thishazardous and extra care is required while the steered path despite increased warning light is lit.driving. steering input) The VDC OFF switch is used to turn off the VDC — oversteer (vehicle tends to spin due to system. The VDC off indicator illuminates certain road or driving conditions). to indicate that the VDC system is off. When the The VDC system can help the driver to maintain VDC switch is used to turn off the system, the control of the vehicle, but it cannot prevent loss VDC system still operates to prevent one drive of vehicle control in all driving situations. wheel from slipping by transferring power to a drive wheel that is not slipping. The warning When the VDC system operates, the flashes if this occurs. All other VDC functions warning in the instrument panel flashes. When are off and the warning will not flash. The the warning flashes, note the following items. VDC System is automatically reset to ON when5-24 Starting and driving
  • 252. the power switch is placed in the OFF position tem may not operate properly. This . If wheels or tires other than thethen back to the ON position. could adversely affect vehicle hand- NISSAN recommended ones areThe computer has a built-in diagnostic feature ling performance, and the warn- used, the VDC system may notthat tests the system each time you start the EV ing may flash or may illuminate. operate properly and the warn-(Electric Vehicle) and move the vehicle forward . If brake related parts such as brake ing may illuminate.or in reverse at a slow speed. When the self-test pads, rotors and calipers are not . The VDC system is not a substituteoccurs, you may hear a “clunk” noise and/or feel NISSAN recommended or are extre- for winter tires or tire chains on aa pulsation in the brake pedal. This is normal and mely deteriorated, the VDC system snow covered road.is not an indication of a malfunction. may not operate properly an- d may illuminate. WARNING . If traction motor control related . The VDC system is designed to help parts are not NISSAN recommended the driver maintain stability but or are extremely deteriorated, the does not prevent accidents due to may illuminate. abrupt steering operation at high . When driving on extremely inclined speeds or by careless or dangerous surfaces such as higher banked driving techniques. Reduce vehicle corners, the VDC system may not speed and be especially careful operate properly and the warn- when driving and cornering on slip- ing may illuminate. Do not drive on pery surfaces and always drive care- these types of roads. fully. . When driving on an unstable sur- . Do not modify the vehicle’s suspen- face such as a turntable, ferry, sion. If suspension parts such as elevator or ramp, the warning shock absorbers, struts, springs, may illuminate. This is not a mal- stabilizer bars, bushings and function. Restart the EV (Electric wheels are not NISSAN recom- Vehicle) system after driving onto a mended for your vehicle or are stable surface. extremely deteriorated the VDC sys- Starting and driving 5-25
  • 253. COLD WEATHER DRIVING . The Li-ion battery requires more time FREEING A FROZEN DOOR LOCK CAUTION to charge when the Li-ion battery To prevent a door lock from freezing, apply heater operates. deicer through the key hole. If the lock becomes To prevent damage to the Li-ion battery: . The predicted charging time displayed frozen, heat the key before inserting it into the Do not store a vehicle in temperatures on the meter and navigation system key hole or use the remote keyless entry keyfob. below -138F (-258C) for over seven days. increases when the Li-ion battery hea- If the outside temperature is -138F ter operates. ANTIFREEZE (-258C) or less, the Li-ion battery may . Vehicle range may be substantially In the winter when it is possible that the outside freeze and it cannot be charged or temperature will drop below 328F (08C), check provide power to run the vehicle. Move reduced in extremely cold conditions (for example under -48F (-208C)). the antifreeze to ensure proper winter protec- the vehicle to a warm location. tion. For additional information, see “Cooling . Using the climate control system to system” in the “8. Maintenance and do-it- heat the cabin when outside tempera- yourself” section.NOTE: ture is below 328F (08C) uses more. Connect the charger to the vehicle and electricity and affects vehicle range 12-VOLT BATTERY place the power switch in the OFF more than when using the heater when position when parking the vehicle if If the 12-volt battery is not fully charged during the temperature is above 328F (08C). extremely cold weather conditions, the 12-volt temperatures may go below -48F (-208C). This provides external power . Climate control performance is re- battery fluid may freeze and damage the 12-volt to the Li-ion battery heater when it duced when using the Climate Ctrl. battery. To maintain maximum efficiency, the 12- operates and does not discharge the Timer or Remote Climate Control while volt battery should be checked regularly. For Li-ion battery. Vehicle driving range is the Li-ion battery heater operates. Set additional information, see “12-volt battery” in reduced if the Li-ion battery heater only the charging timer [End Time] the “8. Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section. operates (Li-ion battery temperature when charging in cold weather. The vehicle automatically determines when DRAINING OF COOLANT WATER approximately -48F (-208C) or colder) to start charging to fully charge the Li- If the vehicle is to be left outside without while driving the vehicle. You may need ion battery, even if the Li-ion battery antifreeze, drain the cooling system. Refill before to charge the Li-ion battery sooner heater opetrates. Charging ends before operating the vehicle. For details, see “Cooling than in warmer temperatures.