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2005 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL
2005 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL
2005 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL
2005 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL
2005 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL
2005 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL
2005 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL
2005 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL
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2005 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL

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Classic Cars Nissan offers you excellent sales and service on new or used Nissan vehicles. Stop in and test drive a Nissan 2005 XTERRA or any car or truck today! We're located Hainesport New Jersey …

Classic Cars Nissan offers you excellent sales and service on new or used Nissan vehicles. Stop in and test drive a Nissan 2005 XTERRA or any car or truck today! We're located Hainesport New Jersey between Cherry Hill and Mount Holly. Only 20 minutes from Philadelphia. Classic Cars Nissan 1513 Route 38 Hainesport, NJ 08036 866-CLASSIC or 866-252-7742

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  1. FOREWORD READ FIRST—THEN DRIVE SAFELYWelcome to the growing family of new NISSAN Before driving your vehicle please read this Own- As with other vehicles with features forowners. This vehicle is delivered to you with er’s Manual carefully. This will ensure familiarity off-road use, failure to operate four-wheelconfidence. It was produced using the latest with controls and maintenance requirements, as- drive models correctly may result in loss oftechniques and strict quality control. sisting you in the safe operation of your vehicle. control or an accident. Be sure to read “Driving safety precautions” in the “Start-This manual was prepared to help you under- ing and driving” section of this manual.stand the operation and maintenance of your WARNINGvehicle so that you may enjoy many miles (kilome- IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION RE- ON-PAVEMENT AND OFF-ROAD DRIVINGters) of driving pleasure. Please read through this MINDERS FOR SAFETY! This vehicle will handle and maneuvermanual before operating your vehicle. differently from an ordinary passenger Follow these important driving rules toA separate Warranty Information Booklet help ensure a safe and comfortable trip car because it has a higher center ofexplains details about the warranties cov- for you and your passengers! gravity for off-road use. As with otherering your vehicle. The “NISSAN Service vehicles with features of this type, fail- ● NEVER drive under the influence of al-and Maintenance Guide” explains details ure to operate this vehicle correctly may cohol or drugs.about maintaining and servicing your ve- result in loss of control or an accident.hicle. Additionally, a separate Customer ● ALWAYS observe posted speed limits Be sure to read “On-pavement and off-Care/Lemon Law Booklet (U.S. only) will and never drive too fast for conditions. road driving precautions”, and “Avoid-explain how to resolve any concerns you ● ALWAYS use your seat belts and appro- ing collision and rollover”, and “Drivingmay have with your vehicle, as well as priate child restraint systems. Pre-teen safety precautions”, in the “Starting andclarify your rights under your state’s lemon children should be seated in the rear driving” section of this manual.law. seat.Your NISSAN dealership knows your vehicle ● ALWAYS provide information about the MODIFICATION OF YOUR VEHICLEbest. When you require any service or have any proper use of vehicle safety features toquestions, they will be glad to assist you with the This vehicle should not be modified. all occupants of the vehicle. Modification could affect its performance,extensive resources available to them. ● ALWAYS review this owner’s manual for safety or durability, and may even violate important safety information. governmental regulations. In addition, damage or performance problems result- For descriptions specified for four-wheel drive ing from modifications may not be cov- models, a mark is placed at the begin- ered under NISSAN warranties. ning of the applicable sections/items. ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  2. WHEN READING THE MANUALThis manual includes information for all options CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65available on this model. Therefore, you may find WARNINGsome information that does not apply to yourvehicle. WARNINGAll information, specifications and illustrations in Engine exhaust, some of its constituents,this manual are those in effect at the time of and certain vehicle components containprinting. NISSAN reserves the right to change or emit chemicals known to the State ofspecifications or design without notice and with- California to cause cancer and birth de-out obligation. fects or other reproductive harm. In addi-IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT tion, certain fluids contained in vehiclesTHIS MANUAL and certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known to theYou will see various symbols in this manual. They State of California to cause cancer andare used in the following ways: APD1005 birth defects or other reproductive harm. If you see this symbol, it means “Do not do this” WARNING or “Do not let this happen.”This is used to indicate the presence of ahazard that could cause death or seriouspersonal injury. To avoid or reduce the If you see a symbol similar to these in an illustra-risk, the procedures must be followed tion, it means the arrow points to the front of theprecisely. vehicle. © 2004 NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC. GARDENA, CALIFORNIA CAUTION All rights reserved. No part of this Owner’sThis is used to indicate the presence of a Arrows in an illustration that are similar to these Manual may be reproduced or stored in a retrievalhazard that could cause minor or moder- indicate movement or action. system, or transmitted in any form, or by anyate personal injury or damage to your ve- means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,hicle. To avoid or reduce the risk, the pro- recording or otherwise, without the prior writtencedures must be followed carefully. Arrows in an illustration that are similar to these permission of Nissan North America, Inc., Gar- call attention to an item in the illustration. dena, California. ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  3. WELCOME TO THE WORLD OF NISSAN NISSAN pioneered the use of electronics and com- puters in automobiles, and has led the industry in improving both performance and fuel efficiency through new engine designs and the use of syn- thetic materials to reduce vehicle weight. The com- pany has also developed ways to build quality into its vehicles at each stage of the production process, both through extensive use of automation and — most importantly — through an awareness that people are the central element in quality control. From the time the parts arrived from our suppliers until you took delivery of your new NISSAN, dozens of checks were made to ensure that only the best job was being done in producing and delivering your vehicle. NISSAN also takes great care to ensure that when you take your NISSAN to your dealer for WFW0002 maintenance, the service technician will perform his work according to the quality standards that haveYour new NISSAN is the result of our dedication to styling design at NISSAN Design America, Inc. in been established by NISSAN.produce the finest in safe, reliable and economical San Diego, California, and engineering at NISSANtransportation. Your vehicle is the product of a suc- Technical Center North America in Farmington Hills, Safety has also been built into your NISSAN. As youcessful worldwide company that manufactures cars Michigan. Additionally, NISSAN employs more than know, seat belts are an integral part of the safetyand trucks in over 17 countries and distributes them 21,000 people throughout the United States, systems that will help protect you and your passen-in 170 nations. Canada, and Mexico. An additional 60,000 people gers in the event of a sudden stop or an accident. work for the 1,250 NISSAN and INFINITI dealers We urge you to use the seat belts every time youNISSAN vehicles are designed and manufactured drive the vehicle.by NISSAN Motor Co., Ltd. which was founded in across North America.Tokyo, Japan in 1933, and NISSAN affiliates world- The NISSAN story of growth and achievement re-wide, collectively growing to become the fifth largest NISSAN is also a substantial contributor to the flects our major goal: to provide you, our customer,automaker in the world. In addition to cars and Canadian economy. NISSAN Canada Inc., its sup- with a vehicle that is built with quality and craftsman-trucks, NISSAN also makes forklift trucks, marine pliers and over 150 dealers employ approximately ship — a product that we can be proud to build andengines, boats and other diversified products. 4,500 people. These include company employees you can be proud to own. and the staffs of NISSAN dealers all across Canada.NISSAN has made a substantial and growing in- In addition, many Canadians work for companiesvestment in North America. NISSAN’s commitment that supply NISSAN and NISSAN dealers with ma-is over $6 billion dollars in capital investments in terials and services ranging from the operation offacilities across the continent. Some of the facilities port facilities and transportation services, to theinclude the NISSAN Manufacturing facilities in Can- supply of lubricants, parts and accessories.ton, Mississippi and in Smyrna, Tennessee, vehicle ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  4. NISSAN CUSTOMER CARE PROGRAMNISSAN CARES . . .Both NISSAN and your NISSAN dealer are dedicated to serving all your automotive needs. Your satisfaction with your vehicle and your NISSAN dealer areour primary concerns. Your NISSAN dealer is always available to assist you with all your automobile sales and service needs.However, if there is something that your NISSAN The Consumer Affairs Department will ask for You can write to NISSAN with the information at:dealer cannot assist you with or you would like to the following information: For U.S. customersprovide NISSAN directly with comments or – Your name, address, and telephone number Nissan North America, Inc.questions, please contact the NISSAN Con- – Vehicle identification number (attached to the Consumer Affairs Departmentsumer Affairs Department using our toll-free top of the instrument panel on the driver’s P.O. Box 191number: side) Gardena, California 90248-0191For U.S. customers – Date of purchase For Canadian customers 1-800-NISSAN-1 Nissan Canada Inc. (1-800-647-7261) – Current odometer reading 5290 Orbitor DriveFor Canadian customers – Your NISSAN dealer’s name Mississauga, Ontario L4W 4Z5 1-800-387-0122 – Your comments or questions OR We appreciate your interest in NISSAN and thank you for buying a quality NISSAN vehicle. ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  5. Table of Illustrated table of contents 0Contents Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1 Instruments and controls 2 Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4 Starting and driving 5 In case of emergency 6 Appearance and care 7 Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8 Technical and consumer information 9 Index 10
  6. ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr)Owners Manual—USA_English (nna)11/15/04—debbie ੭
  7. 0 Illustrated table of contentsAirbags, seat belts and child restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-2 Instrument panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-6Exterior front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-3 Engine compartment check locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-8Exterior rear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-4 Warning/indicator lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-9Passenger compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  8. AIRBAGS, SEAT BELTS AND CHILDRESTRAINTS 1. 2nd row seat belts (P. 1-10) 2. Supplemental curtain side-impact and rollover air bags (if so equipped) (P. 1-39) 3. Front seat belts (P. 1-10) 4. Supplemental front impact air bags (P.1-39) 5. Seats (P. 1-2) 6. Occupant classification sensor (weight sensor) (P.1-48) 7. Seat belt pretensioners (P. 1-52) 8. Supplemental side air bag modules (if so equipped) (P.1-51) 9. LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHildren) (P. 1-29) See the page number indicated in paren- theses for operating details. WII00550-2 Illustrated table of contents ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  9. EXTERIOR FRONT 1. Engine hood (P. 3-8) 2. Windshield wiper and washer switch (P. 2-20) 3. Windshield (P. 8-19) 4. Power windows (P. 2-41) 5. Door locks, keyfob, keys (P. 3-3, 3-5, 3-2) 6. Mirrors (P. 3-12) 7. Tire pressure (P. 8-31) 8. Flat tire (P. 6-2) 9. Tire chains (P. 5-32) 10. Replacing bulbs (P. 8-27) 11. Headlight and turn signal switch (P. 2-22) 12. Fog light switch (P. 2-24) 13. Tow hooks (P.6-11) See the page number indicated in paren- theses for operating details. WII0058 Illustrated table of contents 0-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  10. EXTERIOR REAR 1. Roof rack (P. 2-38) 2. Vehicle loading (P. 9-12) 3. Rear window defrost (P. 2-11) 4. Rear window washer (P.2-21) 5. Back door (P. 3-9) 6. Spare tire (P.6-2) 7. Replacing bulbs (P. 8-27) 8. Fuel filler door (P.3-9) 9. Child safety rear door lock (P.3-5) See the page number indicated in paren- theses for operating details. WII00570-4 Illustrated table of contents ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  11. PASSENGER COMPARTMENT 1. Map lights (P. 2-44) 2. Sun visors (P. 3-11) 3. Inside mirror (P.3-12) 4. Glove box (P. 2-31) 5. Console box (P. 2-31) 6. Front seats (P. 1-2) 7. Rear seats (P.1-7) 8. Storage (P. 2-30) See the page number indicated in paren- theses for operating details. WII0056 Illustrated table of contents 0-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  12. INSTRUMENT PANEL 1. Ventilators (P. 4-2) 2. Headlight/fog light (if so equipped)/turn signal switch (P. 2-22) 3. Steering wheel switch for audio control (if so equipped) (P. 4-25) 4. Driver supplemental air bag/horn (P. 1-39, P. 2-25) 5. Meters, gauges and warning/indicator lights (P. 2-3, 2-9) 6. Cruise control main/set switches (if so equipped) (P. 5-17) 7. Windshield wiper/washer switch and rear window wiper/washer switch (P. 2-20, P. 2-21) 8. Storage (P. 2-30) 9. Audio system controls (P. 4-10) 10. Front passenger supplemental air bag (P. 1-39) 11. Upper and lower glove box (P. 2-31) 12. Passenger air bag status light (P. 1-48) 13. Power outlet (P. 2-29) 14. Electronic locking rear differential (E-Lock) system switch (if so equipped) (P. 2-27) Hill descent control switch (if so equipped) (P. 2-26) WIC08580-6 Illustrated table of contents ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  13. Vehicle dynamic control (VDC) off switch (if so equipped) (P. 2-26)15. Shift selector lever (P. 5-10)16. 4WD shift switch (if so equipped) (P. 5-19)17. Climate controls (P. 4-2)18. Hazard lights (P. 2-25)19. Ignition switch (P. 5-7)20. Tilt steering wheel control (P. 3-11)21. Clutch interlock (clutch start) switch (if so equipped) (P. 2-28)22. Power outside mirror controls (if so equipped) (P. 3-13)See the page number indicated in paren-theses for operating details. Illustrated table of contents 0-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  14. ENGINE COMPARTMENT CHECKLOCATIONS 1. Windshield washer fluid reservoir (P. 8-12) 2. Battery (P. 8-13) 3. Fuse/fusible link box (P. 8-23) 4. Engine oil filler cap (P. 8-8) 5. Engine oil dipstick (P. 8-8) 6. Brake fluid reservoir (P. 8-12) 7. Air cleaner (P. 8-17) 8. Radiator cap (P. 8-7) 9. Power steering fluid reservoir (P. 8-11) 10. Engine coolant reservoir (P. 8-7) See the page number indicated in paren- theses for operating details. WDI04790-8 Illustrated table of contents ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  15. WARNING/INDICATOR LIGHTS Warning Name Page Warning Name Page Warning Name Page light light light Charge warning 2-11 Low windshield 2-13 Anti-lock brake 2-10 light washer fluid or warning light warning light Door open 2-11 warning light Seat belt warn- 2-13 Automatic 2-10 ing light and Engine oil pres- 2-11 transmission oil chime sure warning temperature light Supplemental 2-13 warning light air bag warning (if so equipped) 4WD warning 2-12 light light ( Automatic 2-10 model) transmission park warning Low fuel warn- 2-12 light ( ing light model) Low tire pres- 2-12 Brake warning 2-11 sure warning or light light Illustrated table of contents 0-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  16. Indicator Name Page Indicator Name Page Indicator Name Page light light light Automatic 2-14 4WD shift indi- 2-15 Overdrive off 2-16 transmission cator light indicator light position indica- ( (automatic tor light model) transmission only) Cruise main 2-14 Front passenger 2-15 switch indicator air bag status Security indica- 2-16 light (if so light tor light equipped) High beam in- 2-15 Slip indicator 2-16 Cruise set 2-14 dicator light light for models switch indicator (Blue) with ABLS (if light (if so so equipped) equipped) Hill Descent 2-26 Control (HDC) Slip indicator 2-16 Electronic lock- 2-15 indicator light light for models ing rear differ- (if so equipped) with VDC (if ential (E-Lock) so equipped) system on indi- Malfunction 2-15 cator light (if so indicator lamp equipped) (MIL)0-10 Illustrated table of contents ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  17. Indicator Name Page light Transfer 4LO 2-17 position indica- tor light ( model) Turn 2-17 signal/hazard indicator lights Vehicle dy- 2-17 namic control off indicator light (if so equipped) Illustrated table of contents 0-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  18. MEMO0-12 Illustrated table of contents
  19. 1 Safety—Seats, seat belts andsupplemental restraint systemSeats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for Front manual seat adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 CHildren) system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-29 Head restraint adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4 Top tether strap child restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-30 Active head restraint (front seats). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5 Child restraint installation on front passenger Flexible seating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6 seat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-31Seat belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10 Booster seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-35 Precautions on seat belt usage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10 Precautions on booster seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-35 Child safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12 Booster seat installation on rear seat center Pregnant women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14 or outboard positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-37 Injured persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14 Booster seat installation on front passenger Three-point type seat belt with retractor . . . . . . . . . . 1-14 seat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38 Seat belt extenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21 Supplemental restraint system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-39 Seat belt maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21 Precautions on supplemental restraintChild restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22 system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-39 Precautions on child restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22 Supplemental air bag warning labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-54 Child restraint installation on 2nd row bench Supplemental air bag warning light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-54 seats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  20. SEATS FRONT MANUAL SEAT ADJUSTMENT WARNING ● Do not adjust the driver’s seat while driving so full attention may be given to vehicle operation. The seat may move suddenly and could cause loss of con- trol of the vehicle. ● After adjustment, gently rock in the seat to make sure it is securely locked. ARS1152 WARNING ● For the most effective protection when the vehicle is in motion, the seat should● Do not ride in a moving vehicle when be upright. Always sit well back in the the seatback is reclined. This can be seat and adjust the seat properly. See dangerous. The shoulder belt will not “Precautions on Seat Belt Usage” later be against your body. In an accident, in this section. you could be thrown into it and receive neck or other serious injuries. You could also slide under the lap belt and receive serious internal injuries.1-2 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  21. WARNING After adjustment, gently rock in the seat to make sure it is securely locked. WRS0175 WRS0176Forward and backward RecliningPull the lever up and hold it while you slide the To recline the seatback, pull the lever up and leanseat forward or backward to the desired position. back. To bring the seatback forward, pull the leverRelease the lever to lock the seat in position. up and lean your body forward. Release the lever to lock the seatback in position. The reclining feature allows adjustment of the seatback for occupants of different sizes for added comfort and to help obtain proper seat belt fit. See “Precautions on seat belt usage” later in this section. Also, the seatback can be reclined to allow occupants to rest when the vehicle is stopped. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  22. WRS0131 WRS0389 WRS0213Seat lifter (if so equipped for driver’s Lumbar support (if so equipped for HEAD RESTRAINT ADJUSTMENTseat) driver’s seat) To raise the head restraint, pull it up. To lower,Turn either dial to adjust the angle and height of The lumbar support feature provides lower back push and hold the lock knob and push the headthe seat cushion to the desired position. support to the driver. Move the lever forward or restraint down. backward to adjust the seat lumbar area. The head restraints on the rear seats are remov- able. WARNING Head restraints should be adjusted prop- erly as they may provide significant pro- tection against injury in an accident. Do not remove them. Check the adjustment after someone else uses the seat.1-4 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  23. ● Do not attach anything to the head re- straint stalks. Doing so could impair active head restraint function. The head restraint moves forward utilizing the force that the seatback receives from the occu- pant in a rear-end collision. The movement of the head restraint helps support the occupant’s head by reducing its backward movement and helping absorb some of the forces that may lead to whip- lash type injuries. Active head restraints are effective for collisions at low to medium speeds in which it is said that whiplash injury occurs most. WRS0134 SPA1025Adjust the head restraint so the center is level Active head restraints operate only in certain ACTIVE HEAD RESTRAINT (front rear-end collisions. After the collision, the headwith the center of your ears. seats) restraints return to their original positions. Properly adjust the active head restraints as de- WARNING scribed earlier in this section. ● Always adjust the head restraints prop- erly as specified in the previous section. Failure to do so can reduce the effec- tiveness of the active head restraint. ● Active head restraints are designed to supplement other safety systems. Al- ways wear seat belts. No system can prevent all injuries in any accident. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  24. ● Do not fold down the rear seats when Folding the front passenger’s seatback occupants are in the rear seat area or (if so equipped) any luggage is on the rear seats. To fold the front passenger’s seatback flat for ● Head restraints should be adjusted extra storage length when transporting long properly as they may provide significant items: protection against injury in an accident. Always replace and adjust them prop- ᭺ 1 Slide the seat to the rear-most position. Lift erly if they have been removed for any up on the recline lever, located on the out- reason. side edge of the seat, and fold the seatback forward as far as it will go. Then lift up on the ● If the head restraints are removed for latch located on the upper corner of the any reason, they should be securely seatback to release the back of the seat. stored to prevent them from causing injury to passengers or damage to the LRS0608 vehicle in case of sudden braking or anFLEXIBLE SEATING accident. ● When returning the seatbacks to the WARNING upright position, be certain they are completely secured in the latched posi-● Never allow anyone to ride in the cargo tion. If they are not completely secured, area or on the rear seats when they are passengers may be injured in an acci- in the fold-down position. In a collision, dent or sudden stop. people riding in these areas without proper restraints are more likely to be ● Properly secure all cargo to help pre- seriously injured or killed. vent it from sliding or shifting. Do not place cargo higher than the seatbacks.● Do not allow people to ride in any area In a sudden stop or collision, unsecured of your vehicle that is not equipped with cargo could cause personal injury. seats and seat belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a seat belt properly.1-6 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  25. WARNING ● If you fold the front passenger’s seat- back flat forward to carry longer ob- jects, be sure this cargo is properly se- cured and not near an air bag. In a crash, an inflating air bag might force that object toward a person. This could cause severe injury or even death. Se- cure objects away from the area in which an air bag would inflate. See “Precautions on supplemental restraint system” later in this section. ● Never allow anyone to ride in the cargo LRS0609 area or on the front passenger’s seat LRS0577᭺2 Once the seatback is released it will enable when it is in the fold-down position. Use Folding the 2nd row bench seat you to fold the front passenger seatback flat of these areas by passengers could re- over the seat cushion. sult in serious injury in an accident or To fold the 2nd row bench seat flat for maximum sudden stop. cargo hauling:3. To return the front passenger’s seat to a seating position lift up on the seatback and ᭺ 1 Properly stow the seat belts in the seat belt hooks before folding down the rear seats. push it up to an upright position. Then pull up See “Seat belt hook” in this section for more on the recline lever and lean the seatback to information. Lower the head restraints to the a proper seating position. Release the lever full “down” position. Pull the strap forward, to lock the seatback in position. located in the center of each seat cushion, and fold each seat cushion toward the front of the vehicle. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  26. LRS0578 LRS0579 LRS0580᭺2 Then pull the straps located on the outside ᭺ 3 This provides a level cargo floor. ᭺ 4 To return the bench seats to a seating posi- edge of each seatback to fold the seatbacks tion reverse this process. Raise the seat- forward. backs to an upright position. Make sure to hold the seat belts above the seat cushion, then push the seat cush- ion down into place.1-8 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  27. 3. Then lift up on the seat cushion to remove it ● Properly secure all cargo with ropes or from the seat base. Be sure to store it in a straps to help prevent it from sliding or secure place. shifting. In a sudden stop or collision, To return the rear seatback to a seating position: unsecured cargo could cause personal injury. 1. Push the anchor bars on the bottom of the ● When returning the seatbacks to the seat cushions down into the seat base. upright position, be certain they are 2. Rotate the seat cushion toward the rear of completely secured. If they are not com- the vehicle and push down until they are pletely secured in the latched position, folded flat to secure each seat cushion to the passengers may be injured in an acci- seat base. Make sure to hold the seat dent or sudden stop. belts above the seat cushion and prop- ● If the seat cushions are removed for any erly push the seat cushion down into reason, they should be securely stored LRS0585 place. to prevent them from causing injury toRemoving the 2nd row bench seat passengers or damage to the vehicle in WARNING case of sudden braking or an accident.cushions ● Never allow anyone to ride in the cargoThe rear seat cushion can be removed to provide area or on the rear seat when it is in theadditional space when folding the 2nd row seat- fold-down position. Use of these areasbacks flat. To remove the 2nd row bench seat by passengers without proper restraintscushions: could result in serious injury in an acci- dent or sudden stop. 1. Pull the straps forward, located in the center of each seat cushion to fold the seat cush- ● Do not allow people to ride in any area ions forward. of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and seat belts. Be sure everyone 2. Lift up and fold each of the red release in your vehicle is in a seat and using a handles on the seat base toward the front of seat belt properly. Never ride in the rear the vehicle. The will release the seat cushion seat unless the seat bottom cushions from the seat base. are in place and latched. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  28. SEAT BELTS SSS0136PRECAUTIONS ON SEAT BELTUSAGEIf you are wearing your seat belt properly ad-justed and you are sitting upright and well back inyour seat, your chances of being injured or killedin an accident and/or the severity of injury may begreatly reduced. NISSAN strongly encouragesyou and all of your passengers to buckle up everytime you drive, even if your seating position in-cludes a supplemental air bag.Most U.S. states and Canadian provincesor territories specify that seat belts be wornat all times when a vehicle is being driven.1-10 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  29. SSS0134 SSS0016 WARNING WARNING● Every person who drives or rides in this ● The seat belt should be properly ad- vehicle should use a seat belt at all justed to a snug fit. Failure to do so may times. Children should be properly re- reduce the effectiveness of the entire strained in the rear seat and, if appro- restraint system and increase the priate, in a child restraint. chance or severity of injury in an acci- dent. Serious injury or death can occur if the seat belt is not worn properly. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  30. ● Be sure the seat belt tongue is securely ● All seat belt assemblies, including re- fastened to the proper buckle. tractors and attaching hardware, should be inspected after any collision ● Do not wear the seat belt inside out or by a NISSAN dealer. NISSAN recom- twisted. Doing so may reduce its mends that all seat belt assemblies in effectiveness. use during a collision be replaced un- ● Do not allow more than one person to less the collision was minor and the use the same seat belt. belts show no damage and continue to ● Never carry more people in the vehicle operate properly. Seat belt assemblies than there are seat belts. not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if either ● If the seat belt warning light glows con- damage or improper operation is noted. tinuously while the ignition is turned ON with all doors closed and all seat ● All child restraints and attaching hard- SSS0014 belts fastened, it may indicate a mal- ware should be inspected after any col- function in the system. Have the system lision. Always follow the restraint WARNING checked by a NISSAN dealer. manufacturer’s inspection instructions and replacement recommendations.● Always route the shoulder belt over ● Once the pre-tensioner seat belt has The child restraints should be replaced your shoulder and across your chest. activated, it cannot be reused and must if they are damaged. Never run the belt behind your back, be replaced together with the retractor. under your arm or across your neck. The See your NISSAN dealer. CHILD SAFETY belt should be away from your face and neck, but not falling off your shoulder. ● Removal and installation of the pre- Children need adults to help protect them. tensioner seat belt system components They need to be properly restrained.● Position the lap belt as low and snug as should be done by a NISSAN dealer. possible AROUND THE HIPS, NOT THE In addition to the general information in this WAIST. A lap belt worn too high could manual, child safety information is available from increase the risk of internal injuries in many other sources, including doctors, teachers, an accident. government traffic safety offices, and community organizations. Every child is different, so be sure to learn the best way to transport your child.1-12 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  31. There are three basic types of child restraint for infants and small children. See “Child Re- placed in a forward facing child restraint. Refer tosystems: straints” later in this section. the manufacturer’s instructions for minimum and maximum weight and height recommendations. ● Rear facing child restraint Also, there are other types of child restraints NISSAN recommends that small children be available for larger children for additional protec- ● Front facing child restraint placed in child restraints that comply with Federal tion. Motor Vehicle Safety Standards or Canadian Mo- ● Booster seat NISSAN recommends that all pre-teens tor Vehicle Safety Standards. You should chooseThe proper restraint depends on the child’s size. and children be restrained in the rear seat. a child restraint that fits your vehicle and alwaysGenerally, infants up to about 1 year and less According to accident statistics, children follow the manufacturer’s instructions for instal-than 20 pounds (9 kg) should be placed in rear are safer when properly restrained in the lation and use.facing child restraints. Front facing child re- rear seat than in the front seat.straints are available for children who outgrow Larger children This is especially important because yourrear facing child restraints and are at least 1 year vehicle has a supplemental restraint sys- Children who are too large for child restraintsold. Booster seats are used to help position a tem (Air bag system) for the front passen- should be seated and restrained by the seat beltsvehicle lap/shoulder belt on a child who can no ger. See “Supplemental restraint system” which are provided. The seat belt may not fitlonger use a front facing child restraint. later in this section. properly if the child is less than 4 feet 9 inches (142.5 cm) tall and weighs between 40 lbs (18 WARNING Infants kg) and 80 lbs (36 kg). A booster seat should be Infants up to at least 1 year old should be placed used to obtain proper seat belt fit.Infants and children need special protec-tion. The vehicle’s seat belts may not fit in a rear facing child restraint. NISSAN recom- NISSAN recommends that a child be placed in athem properly. The shoulder belt may mends that infants be placed in child restraints commercially available booster seat if the shoul-come too close to the face or neck. The that comply with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety der belt in the child’s seating position fits close tolap belt may not fit over their small hip Standards or Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety the face or neck or if the lap portion of the seatbones. In an accident, an improperly fit- Standards. You should choose a child restraint belt goes across the abdomen. The booster seatting seat belt could cause serious or fatal that fits your vehicle and always follow the manu- should raise the child so that the shoulder belt isinjury. Always use appropriate child facturer’s instructions for installation and use. properly positioned across the top, middle por-restraints. tion of the shoulder and the lap belt is low on the Small Children hips. A booster seat can only be used in seatingAll U.S. states and Canadian provinces or terri- Children that are over one year old and weigh positions that have a three-point type seat belt.tories require the use of approved child restraints between 20 lbs (9 kg) and 40 lbs (18 kgs) can be The booster seat should fit the vehicle seat and Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  32. have a label certifying that it complies with Fed- THREE-POINT TYPE SEAT BELTeral Motor Vehicle Safety Standards or Canadian WITH RETRACTORMotor Vehicle Safety Standards. Once the childhas grown so the shoulder belt is no longer on or WARNINGnear the face and neck, use the shoulder beltwithout the booster seat. ● Every person who drives or rides in this vehicle should use a seat belt at all WARNING times.Never let a child stand or kneel on any ● Do not ride in a moving vehicle whenseat and do not allow a child in the cargo the seatback is reclined. This can beareas while the vehicle is moving. The dangerous. The shoulder belt will notchild could be seriously injured or killed in be against your body. In an accident,an accident or sudden stop. you could be thrown into it and receive neck or other serious injuries. YouPREGNANT WOMEN could also slide under the lap belt and WRS0174 receive serious internal injuries. Manual front seat shownNISSAN recommends that pregnant women useseat belts. The seat belt should be worn snug, ● For the most effective protection when Fastening the seat beltsand always position the lap belt as low as pos- the vehicle is in motion, the seat shouldsible around the hips, not the waist. Place the be upright. Always sit well back in the ᭺ 1 Adjust the seat. See “Seats” earlier in this section.shoulder belt over your shoulder and across your seat and adjust the seat belt properly.chest. Never run the lap/shoulder belt over yourabdominal area. Contact your doctor for specificrecommendations.INJURED PERSONSNISSAN recommends that injured persons useseat belts. Check with your doctor for specificrecommendations.1-14 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  33. fully retracted. Once retracted, the seat belt is in the emergency locking mode. See “Child re- straints” later in this section for more information. The automatic locking mode should be used only for child restraint installation. During normal seat belt use by a passen- ger, the locking mode should not be acti- vated. If it is activated it may cause uncom- fortable seat belt tension. It can also change the operation of the front passen- ger air bag. See “Front passenger air bag and status light” later in this section. WARNING LRS0594 LRS0595 When fastening the seat belts, be certain᭺2 Slowly pull the seat belt out of the retractor ᭺ 3 Position the lap belt portion low and snug that the seatbacks are completely se- and insert the tongue into the buckle until on the hips as shown. you hear and feel the latch engage. cured in the latched position. If they are ᭺ 4 Pull the shoulder belt portion toward the not completely secured, passengers may● The retractor is designed to lock during retractor to take up extra slack. Be sure the be injured in an accident or sudden stop. a sudden stop or on impact. A slow shoulder belt is routed over your shoulder pulling motion permits the seat belt to and across your chest. move, and allows you some freedom of movement in the seat. The front passenger seat and the rear seating positions three-point seat belts have a locking● If the seat belt cannot be pulled from mechanism for child restraint installation. It is its fully retracted position, firmly pull referred to as the automatic locking mode or child the belt and release it. Then smoothly restraint mode. pull the belt out of the retractor. When automatic locking mechanism is activated the seat belt cannot be extended again until the seat belt tongue is detached from the buckle and Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  34. ● Grasp the shoulder belt and pull forward quickly. The retractor should lock and re- strict further belt movement. If the retractor does not lock during this check or if you have any questions about seat belt opera- tion, see a NISSAN dealer. WRS0139 SSS0240Unfastening the seat belts Center of the rear bench seat᭺1 To unfasten the seat belt, press the button on The center seat belt has a connector tongue ᭺ 1 the buckle. The seat belt automatically re- and a seat belt tongue ᭺ . Both the connector 2 tracts. tongue and the seat belt tongue must be securely latched for proper seat belt operation.Checking seat belt operationSeat belt retractors are designed to lock seat beltmovement by two separate methods: ● When the seat belt is pulled quickly from the retractor. ● When the vehicle slows down rapidly.To increase your confidence in the seat belts,check the operation as follows.1-16 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  35. Stowing the center seat belt When folding down the rear seat, the rear center seat belt can be retracted into a stowed position as follows: ᭺ 1 Hold the connector tongue so that the seat belt does not retract suddenly when the tongue is released from the connector buckle. Release the connector tongue by inserting a suitable tool such as key into the connector buckle ᭺ and release the con- A nector tongue. ᭺ 2 Retract the seat belt up to the retractor base. SSS0241 ᭺ 3 Fold the connector tongue into the molded WARNING retractor base. Then pull enough slack in the seat belt to secure the seat belt tongue into● Always fasten the connector tongue the slot on the retractor base. Pull the seat and the seat belt in the order shown. belt so that it will lay flat in the ceiling.● Always make sure both the connector tongue and the seat belt tongue are WARNING secured when using the seat belt. Do not use it with only the seat belt tongue ● Do not unfasten the rear center seat attached. This could result in serious belt connector except when folding personal injury in case of an accident or down the rear seat. a sudden stop. LRS0601 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-17 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  36. ● When attaching the rear center seat Attaching the center seat belt belt connector, be certain that the seat- Always be sure the center seat belt connector backs are completely secured in the tongue and connector buckle are attached. Dis- latched position and the rear center connect only when folding down the rear seat. seat belt connector is completely secured. To connect the buckle:● If the rear center seat belt connector ᭺ 1 Pull out the seat belt tongue from the retrac- and the seatbacks are not secured in tor base. the correct position, serious personal injury may result in an accident or sud- ᭺ 2 Pull out the connector tongue from the den stop. molded retractor base. ᭺ 3 Pull the seat belt and secure the receiver buckle until it clicks. The center seat belt connector tongue and re- ceiver buckle are indicated by the > and < mark. The center seat belt connector tongue can be attached only into the rear center seat belt con- nector buckle. To fasten the seat belt, see “Fastening the seat belt” earlier in this section. WARNING ● Do not unfasten the rear center seat belt connector except when folding down the rear seat. LRS06021-18 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  37. ● When attaching the rear center seat belt connector, be certain that the seat- backs are completely secured in the latched position and the rear center seat belt connector is completely secured.● If the rear center seat belt connector and the seatbacks are not secured in the correct position, serious personal injury may result in an accident or sud- den stop. LRS0611 LRS0610 2nd row center seat belt comfort 2. Insert the shoulder belt into the back of the guide comfort guide so that the seat belt lays flat in the guide. Be sure that the comfort guide When using the 2nd row center seat belt it may routes the seat belt properly over the center be necessary to use the comfort guide to adjust of your shoulder and across your chest. The the shoulder belt height for occupants of different belt should be away from your face and sizes for added comfort and to help obtain proper neck, but not falling off of your shoulder. seat belt fit. 1. Raise the head restraint on the 2nd row driver’s side seating position. Remove the comfort guide from the stowed position by pulling the cord from the channel. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-19 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  38. WARNING ● After adjustment, release the adjust- ment button and try to move the shoul- der belt anchor up and down to make sure it is securely fixed in position. ● The shoulder belt anchor height should be adjusted to the position best for you. Failure to do so may reduce the effec- tiveness of the entire restraint system and increase the chance or severity of injury in an accident. LRS0612 LRS0242 3. To return the seat belt comfort guide to the Front and 2nd row outboard seats stowed position, route the comfort guide Shoulder belt height adjustment (front strap in the channel under the 2nd row driv- er’s side seating position head restraint and and 2nd row outboard seats) attach the guide in the clip. The shoulder belt anchor height should be ad- justed to the position best for you. (See “Precau- tions on seat belt usage” earlier in this section.) To adjust, pull out ᭺ the adjustment button and 1 move the shoulder belt anchor ᭺ to the desired 2 position, so the belt passes over the center of the shoulder. The belt should be away from your face and neck, but not falling off your shoulder. Re- lease the adjustment button to lock the shoulder belt anchor into position.1-20 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  39. ● Periodically check to see that the seat WARNING belt and the metal components, such as ● Only NISSAN seat belt extenders, made buckles, tongues, retractors, flexible wires by the same company which made the and anchors, work properly. If loose parts, original equipment seat belts, should deterioration, cuts or other damage on the be used with NISSAN seat belts. webbing is found, the entire seat belt as- ● Adults and children who can use the sembly should be replaced. standard seat belt should not use an extender. Such unnecessary use could result in serious personal injury in the event of an accident. ● Never use seat belt extenders to install child restraints. If the child restraint is LRS0583 not secured properly, the child could be seriously injured in a collision or a sud-Seat belt hook den stop.When the seat belt is not in use and when folding SEAT BELT MAINTENANCEdown the rear seats, hook the rear seat belts onthe seat belt hooks. ● To clean the seat belt webbing, apply a mild soap solution or any solution recom-SEAT BELT EXTENDERS mended for cleaning upholstery or carpet.If, because of body size or driving position, it is Then wipe with a cloth and allow the seatnot possible to properly fit the lap-shoulder belt belts to dry in the shade. Do not allow theand fasten it, an extender is available which is seat belts to retract until they are completelycompatible with the installed seat belts. The ex- dry.tender adds approximately 8 inches (200 mm) of ● If dirt builds up in the shoulder beltlength and may be used for either the driver or guide of the seat belt anchors, the seatfront passenger seating position. See a NISSAN belts may retract slowly. Wipe the shoulderdealer for assistance if an extender is required. belt guide with a clean, dry cloth. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-21 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  40. CHILD RESTRAINTS ● Even with the NISSAN Advanced Air Bag System, never install a rear-facing child restraint in the front seat. An in- flating supplemental front air bag could seriously injure or kill your child. A rear- facing child restraint must only be used in the rear seat. ● NISSAN recommends that the child re- straint be installed in the rear seat. Ac- cording to accident statistics, children are safer when properly restrained in the rear seat than in the front seat. ● An improperly installed child restraint ARS1098 WRS0256 could lead to serious injury or death inPRECAUTIONS ON CHILD an accident. WARNINGRESTRAINTS In general, child restraints are designed to be ● Infants and small children should never be carried on your lap. It is not possible installed with the lap portion of a lap/shoulder WARNING for even the strongest adult to resist the seat belt. In addition, this vehicle is equipped with● Infants and small children should al- forces of a severe accident. The child a universal child restraint lower anchor system, ways be placed in an appropriate child could be crushed between the adult and referred to as the LATCH (Lower Anchors and restraint while riding in the vehicle. parts of the vehicle. Also, do not put the Tethers for CHildren) system. Some child re- Failure to use a child restraint can re- same seat belt around both your child straints include two rigid or webbing-mounted sult in serious injury or death. and yourself. attachments that can be connected to these lower anchors. For details, see the “LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHildren) sys- tem” later in this section. Child restraints for infants and small children of various sizes are offered by several manufactur-1-22 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  41. ers. When selecting any child restraint, keep the ● Follow all of the child restraint manu- ● If you must install a front facing childfollowing points in mind: facturer’s instructions for installation restraint in the front seat, see “Child ● Choose only a restraint with a label certifying and use. When purchasing a child re- restraint installation on front passenger that it complies with Federal Motor Vehicle straint, be sure to select one which will seat” later in this section. Safety Standard 213 or Canadian Motor fit your child and vehicle. It may not be ● When your child restraint is not in use, Vehicle Safety Standard 213. possible to properly install some types keep it secured with a seat belt to pre- of child restraints in your vehicle. vent it from being thrown around in ● Check the child restraint in your vehicle to be ● If the child restraint is not anchored case of a sudden stop or accident. sure it is compatible with the vehicle’s seat properly, the risk of a child being in- and seat belt system. jured in a collision or a sudden stop CAUTION ● If the child restraint is compatible with your greatly increases. Remember that a child restraint left in a vehicle, place your child in the child restraint ● Adjustable seatbacks should be posi- closed vehicle can become very hot. and check the various adjustments to be tioned to fit the child restraint, but as Check the seating surface and buckles sure the child restraint is compatible with upright as possible. before placing your child in the child your child. Choose a child restraint that is restraint. ● After attaching the child restraint, test it designed for your child’s height and weight. before you place the child in it. Push it Always follow all recommended procedures. from side to side. Try to tug it forward CHILD RESTRAINT INSTALLATIONAll U.S. states and Canadian provinces or and check to see if the belt holds the ON 2ND ROW BENCH SEATSterritories require that infants and small restraint in place. The child restraintchildren be restrained in an approved child should not move more than 1 inch (25 WARNINGrestraint at all times while the vehicle is mm). If the restraint is not secure, ● The three-point seat belt in your vehiclebeing operated. tighten the belt as necessary, or put the is equipped with an automatic locking restraint in another seat and test it mode retractor which must be used again. You may need to try a different WARNING when installing a child restraint. child restraint. Not all child restraints fit● Improper use of a child restraint can in all types of vehicles. increase the risk or severity of injury for both the child and other occupants of the vehicle. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-23 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  42. ● Failure to use the retractor’s locking mode will result in the child restraint not being properly secured. The re- straint could tip over or otherwise be unsecured and cause injury to the child in a sudden stop or collision.● When installing a child restraint system in the 2nd row center position both the center seat belt connector tongue and buckle tongue must be secured. See “Attaching the center seat belt” earlier in this section. LRS0582 LRS0581 Front facing (outboard) — step 1 Front facing (center) — step 1 Front facing When you install a child restraint on the 2nd row bench seat, follow these steps:1-24 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  43. ᭺1 Position the child restraint on the seat. Al- ways follow the restraint manufacturer’s in- structions. The back of the child restraint should be secured against the vehicle seat back. If necessary, adjust or remove the head restraint to obtain the correct child restraint fit. See “Head restraint adjustment” earlier in this section. If the head restraint is removed, store it in a secure place. Be sure to install the head restraint when the child restraint is removed. If the seating position does not have an adjustable head restraint and it is interfering with the proper child restraint fit, try another seating position or a different child restraint. WRS0250 LRS0458 Front Facing — step 2 Front Facing — step 3 ᭺ 2 Route the seat belt tongue through the child ᭺ 3 Pull on the shoulder belt until all of the belt is restraint and insert it into the buckle until you fully extended. At this time, the seat belt hear and feel the latch engage. retractor is in the automatic locking mode (child restraint mode). It reverts back to Be sure to follow the child restraint manu- emergency locking mode when the seat belt facturer’s instructions for belt routing. is fully retracted. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-25 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  44. 6. Check that the retractor is in the automatic locking mode by trying to pull more seat belt out of the retractor. If you cannot pull any more belt webbing out of the retractor, the retractor is in the automatic locking mode. 7. Check to make sure that the child restraint is properly secured prior to each use. If the belt is not locked, repeat steps 3 through 6. After the child restraint is removed and the seat belt is fully retracted, the automatic locking mode (child restraint mode) is canceled. LRS0457 WRS0252 Front Facing — step 4 Front Facing — step 5᭺4 Allow the seat belt to retract. Pull up on the ᭺ 5 Before placing the child in the child restraint, shoulder belt to remove any slack in the belt. use force to push the child restraint from side to side, and tug it forward to make sure that it is securely held in place. It should not move more than 1 inch (25 mm). If it does move more than 1 inch (25 mm), pull again on the shoulder belt to further tighten the child restraint. If unable to properly secure the restraint move the restraint to another rear seating position and try again, or try a different child restraint. Not all child re- straints fit in all types of vehicles.1-26 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  45. LRS0584 LRS0590 WRS0480Rear facing (outboard) — step 1 Rear facing (center) — step 1 Rear Facing — step 2 Rear facing ᭺ 2 Route the seat belt tongue through the child restraint and insert it into the buckle until you When you install a child restraint on the 2nd row hear and feel the latch engage. bench seat, follow these steps: Be sure to follow the child restraint manu- ᭺ 1 Position the child restraint on the seat. Al- facturer’s instructions for belt routing. ways follow the restraint manufacturer’s in- structions. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-27 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  46. WRS0481 WRS0482 WRS0483 Rear Facing — step 3 Rear Facing — step 4 Rear Facing — step 5᭺3 Pull on the shoulder belt until all of the belt is ᭺ 4 Allow the seat belt to retract. Pull up on the ᭺ 5 Before placing the child in the child restraint, fully extended. At this time, the seat belt shoulder belt to remove any slack in the belt. use force to push the child restraint from retractor is in the automatic locking mode side to side, and tug it forward to make sure (child restraint mode). It reverts to emer- that it is securely held in place. It should not gency locking mode when the seat belt is move more than 1 inch (25 mm). If it does fully retracted. move more than 1 inch (25 mm), pull again on the shoulder belt to further tighten the child restraint. If unable to properly secure the restraint move the restraint to another rear seating position and try again, or try a different child restraint. Not all child re- straints fit in all types of vehicles.1-28 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  47. 6. Check that the retractor is in the automatic locking mode by trying to pull more seat belt out of the retractor. If you cannot pull any more seat belt webbing out of the retractor, the retractor is in the automatic locking mode. 7. Check to make sure that the child restraint is properly secured prior to each use. If the belt is not locked, repeat steps 3 through 6.After the child restraint is removed and the seatbelt fully retracted, the automatic locking mode(child restraint mode) is canceled. WRS0438 LRS0589 LATCH system anchor point locations 2nd LATCH anchor point labels 2nd row bench row bench seat seat LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers WARNING for CHildren) SYSTEM ● Attach LATCH system compatible child restraints only at the locations shown. If a child restraint is not secured properly, your child could be seriously injured or killed in an accident. ● The LATCH system anchors are de- signed to withstand only those loads imposed by correctly fitted child re- straints. Under no circumstance are they to be used for adult seat belts or harnesses. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-29 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  48. Some child restraints include two rigid or When you install a LATCH system compatible TOP TETHER STRAP CHILDwebbing-mounted attachments that can be con- child restraint to the lower anchor attachments, RESTRAINTnected to two anchors located at certain seating follow these steps:positions in your vehicle. This system is known as If your child restraint has a top tether strap, it mustthe LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHil- WARNING be secured to the anchor point provided behinddren) system. This system may also be referred to Inspect the lower anchors by inserting its position.as the ISOFIX or ISOFIX compatible system. your fingers into the lower anchor areaWith this system, you do not have to use a vehicle and feeling to make sure there are no WARNINGseat belt to secure the child restraint. Your vehicle obstructions over the LATCH system an- Child restraint anchor points are designedis equipped with special anchor points that are chors, such as seat belt webbing or seat to withstand only those loads imposed byused with LATCH system compatible child re- cushion material. The child restraint will correctly fitted child restraints. Under nostraints. Check your child restraint for a label not be secured properly if the LATCH sys- circumstances are they to be used forstating that it is compatible with the LATCH sys- tem anchors are obstructed. adult seat belts or harnesses.tem. This information may also be in the child 1. To install the LATCH system compatible First, secure the child restraint with the seat beltrestraint owner’s manual. If you have such a child child restraint, insert the child restraint or the LATCH system (2nd row outboard seatrestraint, refer to the illustration for the seating LATCH system anchor attachments into thepositions equipped with LATCH system anchors positions only), as applicable. anchor points on the seat. If the child re-which can be used to secure the child restraint. straint is equipped with a top tether, see For the 2nd row bench seat, position the tetherThe LATCH system anchors are located at the “Top tether strap child restraint” later in this over the top of the head restraint, with the headrear of the seat cushion near the seatback. A section for installation instructions. restraint in the full “down” position. Secure thelabel is attached to the seatback to help you 2. After attaching the child restraint and before tether strap to the tether anchor point located onlocate the LATCH system anchors. placing the child in it, use force to push the the back of the seatback of the same seat that the child restraint from side to side and tug it child restraint is in.LATCH child restraints generally require the useof a top tether strap. See “Top tether strap child forward to make sure that the child restraint For best child restraint fit, see the child restraintrestraint” later in this section for installation in- is securely held in place. It should not move installation instructions in this section and thestructions. more than 1 inch (25 mm) . child restraint manufacturer’s instructions.When installing a child restraint, carefully read 3. Check to make sure that the child restraint isand follow the instructions in this manual and properly secured prior to each use.those supplied with the child restraint.1-30 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  49. Anchor point locationsAnchor points are located on the back of eachseatback for all three seating positions of the 2ndrow bench seat as shown.If you have any questions when installing atop strap child restraint on the rear seat,consult your NISSAN dealer for details. LRS0588 WRS0256 2nd row bench seat CHILD RESTRAINT INSTALLATION 1. Top tether strap ON FRONT PASSENGER SEAT 2. Anchor point WARNING ● Even with the NISSAN Advanced Air Bag System, never install a rear-facing child restraint in the front passenger seat. Supplemental front air bags in- flate with great force. A rear-facing child restraint could be struck by the supplemental front air bag in a crash and could seriously injure or kill your child. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-31 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  50. ● The three-point seat belt in your vehicle is equipped with an automatic locking mode retractor which must be used when installing a child restraint. ● Failure to use the retractor’s locking mode will result in the child restraint not being properly secured. The re- straint could tip over or otherwise be unsecured and cause injury to the child in a sudden stop or collision. Also, it can change the operation of the front pas- senger air bag. See “Front passenger air bag and status light” later in this WRS0378 section. WRS0379 Front Facing — step 1● NISSAN recommends that child re- If you must install a child restraint in the front seat, straints be installed in the rear seat. follow these steps: However, if you must install a forward facing child restraint in the front pas- ᭺ 1 Position the child restraint on the front pas- senger seat, move the passenger seat senger seat. It should be placed in a to the rearmost position. Also, be sure front-facing direction only. Move the the front passenger air bag status light seat to the rearmost position. Adjust the is illuminated to indicate the passenger head restraint to its highest position. Always air bag is OFF. See “Front passenger air follow the child restraint manufacturer’s in- bag and status light” later in this sec- structions. Child restraints for infants tion for details. must be used in the rear-facing direc-● A child restraint with a top tether strap tion and therefore must not be used in should not be used in the front passen- the front seat. ger seat. The back of the child restraint should be secured against the vehicle seat back. If1-32 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  51. necessary, adjust or remove the head re-straint to obtain the correct child restraint fit.See “Head restraint adjustment” earlier inthis section. If the head restraint is removed,store it in a secure place. Be sure to installthe head restraint when the child restraint isremoved. If the seating position does nothave an adjustable head restraint and it isinterfering with the proper child restraint fit,try another seating position or a differentchild restraint. WRS0159 WRS0160 Front Facing — step 2 Front Facing — step 3 ᭺ 2 Route the seat belt tongue through the child ᭺ 3 Pull on the shoulder belt until all of the belt is restraint and insert it into the buckle until you fully extended. At this time, the seat belt hear and feel the latch engage. retractor is in the automatic locking mode (child restraint mode). It reverts to emer- Be sure to follow the child restraint manu- gency locking mode when the seat belt is facturer’s instructions for belt routing. fully retracted. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-33 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  52. 6. Check that the retractor is in the automatic locking mode by trying to pull more seat belt out of the retractor. If you cannot pull any more belt webbing out of the retractor, the retractor is in the automatic locking mode. 7. Check to make sure the child restraint is properly secured prior to each use. If the seat belt is not locked, repeat steps 3 through 6. 8. Turn the ignition to the ON position. The passenger air bag status light should say “OFF” . If this light is not illuminated it may indicate a malfunction. Move the child LRS0457 WRS0380 restraint to another seating position. Front Facing — step 4 Front Facing — step 5 Have the system checked by a NISSAN dealer.᭺4 Allow the seat belt to retract slightly. Pull up ᭺ 5 Before placing the child in the child restraint, on the shoulder belt to remove any slack in use force to push the child restraint from After the child restraint is removed and the seat the belt. side to side, and tug it forward to make sure belt is fully retracted, the automatic locking mode that it is securely held in place. It should not (child restraint mode) is canceled. move more than 1 inch (25 mm). If it does move more than 1 inch (25 mm), pull again on the shoulder belt to further tighten the child restraint. If unable to properly secure the restraint move the restraint to another rear seating position and try again , or try a different child restraint. Not all child re- straints fit in all types of vehicles.1-34 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  53. BOOSTER SEATSPRECAUTIONS ON BOOSTER ● A booster seat must only be installed inSEATS a seating position that has a lap/shoulder belt. Failure to use a WARNING three-point type seat belt with a booster seat can result in a serious in-● Infants and small children should al- jury in sudden stop or collision. ways be placed in an appropriate child restraint while riding in the vehicle. ● An improperly installed booster seat Failure to use a child restraint or could lead to serious injury or death in booster seat can result in serious injury an accident. or death.● Infants and small children should never be carried on your lap. It is not possible for even the strongest adult to resist the forces of a severe accident. The child LRS0455 could be crushed between the adult and WARNING parts of the vehicle. Also, do not put the same seat belt around both your child ● Do not use towels, books, pillows or and yourself. other items in place of a booster seat. Items such as these may move during● NISSAN recommends that the booster normal driving or a collision and result seat be installed in the rear seat. Ac- in serious injury or death. Booster seats cording to accident statistics, children are designed to be used with a are safer when properly restrained in lap/shoulder belt. Booster seats are de- the rear seat than in the front seat. signed to properly route the lap and shoulder portions of the seat belt over the strongest portions of a child’s body to provide the maximum protection dur- ing a collision. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-35 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  54. children be restrained in an approved child restraint at all times while the vehicle is being operated. WARNING ● Improper use of a booster seat can in- crease the risk or severity of injury for both the child and other occupants of the vehicle. ● Follow all of the booster seat manufac- turer’s instructions for installation and use. When purchasing a booster seat, be sure to select one which will fit your LRS0587 LRS0586 child and vehicle. It may not be possibleBooster seats of various sizes are offered by low back booster seat ᭺ is chosen, the 1 to properly install some types ofseveral manufacturers. When selecting any vehicle seat back must be at or above the booster seats in your vehicle.booster seat, keep the following points in mind: center of the child’s ears. If the seat back is ● If the booster seat and seat belt is not lower than the center of the child’s ears, a used properly, the risk of a child being ● Choose only a booster seat with a label high back booster seat ᭺ should be used. 2 injured in a collision or a sudden stop certifying that it complies with Federal Motor greatly increases. Vehicle Safety Standard 213 or Canadian ● If the booster seat is compatible with your Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 213. vehicle, place your child in the booster seat ● Adjustable seatbacks should be posi- and check the various adjustments to be tioned to fit the booster seat, but as ● Check the booster seat in your vehicle to be upright as possible. sure the booster seat is compatible with your sure it is compatible with the vehicle’s seat and seat belt system. child. Always follow all recommended pro- cedures. ● Make sure the child’s head will be properly supported by the booster seat or vehicle All U.S. states and Canadian provinces or seat. The seat back must be at or above the territories require that infants and small center of the child’s ears. For example, if a1-36 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  55. ● After placing the child in the booster seat and fastening the seat belt, make sure the shoulder portion of the belt is away from the child’s face and neck and the lap portion of the belt does not cross the abdomen.● Do not put the shoulder belt behind the child or under the child’s arm. If you must install a booster seat in the front seat, see “Booster seat installation on front passenger seat” later in this section.● When your booster seat is not in use, keep it secured with a seat belt to pre- LRS0586 LRS0591 vent it from being thrown around in Outboard position Center position case of a sudden stop or accident. BOOSTER SEAT INSTALLATION ON 1. Position the booster seat on the seat. Only REAR SEAT CENTER OR place it in a front facing direction. Always CAUTION follow the booster seat manufacturer’s in- OUTBOARD POSITIONS structions.Remember that a booster seat left in aclosed vehicle can become very hot. CAUTIONCheck the seating surface and bucklesbefore placing your child in the booster Do not use a lap/shoulder belt automaticseat. locking mode when using a booster seat with the seat belts. When you install a booster seat in the rear seat follow these steps: Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-37 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  56. 2. The booster seat should be positioned on 2. Position the booster seat on the seat. Only the vehicle seat so that it is stable. If neces- place it in a front facing direction. Always sary, adjust or remove the head restraint to follow the booster seat manufacturer’s in- obtain the correct booster seat fit. See structions. “Head restraint adjustment” earlier in this section. If the head restraint is removed, 3. The booster seat should be positioned on store it in a secure place. Be sure to install the vehicle seat so that it is stable. If neces- the head restraint when the booster seat is sary, adjust or remove the head restraint to removed. If the seating position does not obtain the correct booster seat fit. See have an adjustable head restraint and it is “Head restraint adjustment” earlier in this interfering with the proper booster seat fit, section. If the head restraint is removed, try another seating position or a different store it in a secure place. Be sure to install booster seat. the head restraint when the booster seat is 3. Position the lap portion of the seat belt low removed. If the seating position does not and snug on the child’s hips. Be sure to LRS0454 have an adjustable head restraint and it is follow the booster seat manufacturer’s in- BOOSTER SEAT INSTALLATION ON interfering with the proper booster seat fit, structions for adjusting the belt routing. try another seating position or a different FRONT PASSENGER SEAT booster seat. 4. Pull the shoulder belt portion of the seat belt toward the retractor to take up extra slack. WARNING 4. Position the lap portion of the seat belt low Be sure the shoulder belt is positioned and snug on the child’s hips. Be sure to NISSAN recommends that child restraints across the top, middle portion of the child’s follow the booster seat manufacturer’s in- be installed in the rear seat. However, if shoulder. Be sure to follow the booster seat structions for adjusting the belt routing. you must install a booster seat in the front manufacturer’s instructions for adjusting the passenger seat, move the passenger’s 5. Pull the shoulder belt portion of the seat belt belt routing. seat to the rearmost position. toward the retractor to take up extra slack. 5. Follow the warnings, cautions and instruc- Be sure the shoulder belt is positioned tions for properly fastening a seat belt If you must install a booster seat in the front seat, across the top, middle portion of the child’s shown in the “Three-point seat belt with follow these steps: shoulder. Be sure to follow the booster seat retractor” earlier in this section. 1. Move the seat to the rear-most position. manufacturer’s instructions for adjusting the belt routing.1-38 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  57. SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM6. Follow the warnings, cautions and instruc- PRECAUTIONS ON vehicle is impacted. In a rollover both curtain air tions for properly fastening a seat belt SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT bags are designed to inflate and remain inflated shown in the “Three-point seat belt with for a short time. retractor” earlier in this section. SYSTEM These supplemental restraint systems are de-7. When the ignition is turned to the ON posi- This Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) sec- signed to supplement the crash protection pro- tion, the passenger air bag status light may tion contains important information concerning vided by the seat belts and are not a substitute or may not be illuminated, depending on the the driver and passenger supplemental front air for them. Seat belts should always be correctly size of the child and the type of booster seat bags (NISSAN Advanced Air Bag System), worn and the occupant seated a suitable dis- being used. See “NISSAN advanced air bag supplemental side air bags, curtain side-impact tance away from the steering wheel, instrument system” later in this section. and rollover air bags and pre-tensioner seat belts. panel and door finishers. See “Seat belts” earlier in this section for instructions and precautions on Supplemental front impact air bag system: seat belt usage. The NISSAN advanced air bag system can help cushion the impact force to the head and chest of The supplemental air bags operate only the driver and front passenger in certain frontal when the ignition switch is in the ON or collisions. START position. Supplemental side-impact air bag system After turning the ignition key to the ON (if so equipped): This system can help cushion position, the supplemental air bag warning the impact force to the chest area of the driver light illuminates. The supplemental air bag and front passenger in certain side impact colli- warning light will turn off after about 7 sions. The supplemental side air bag is designed seconds if the system is operational. to inflate on the side where the vehicle is im- pacted. Supplemental curtain side-impact and roll- over air bag system (if so equipped): This system can help cushion the impact force to the head of occupants in front and rear outboard seating positions in certain side impact or rollover collisions. In a side impact, the curtain air bags are designed to inflate on the side where the Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-39 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  58. when it inflates. Always sit back against the seatback and as far away as practi- cal from the steering wheel or instru- ment panel. Always use the seat belts. ● The driver and front passenger seat belt buckles are equipped with sensors that detect if the seat belts are fastened. The advanced air bag system monitors the severity of a collision and seat belt us- age then inflates the air bags. Failure to properly wear seat belts can increase the risk or severity of injury in an accident. WRS0031 ● The front passenger seat is equipped with an occupant classification sensor WARNING ● The seat belts and the supplemental (weight sensor) that turns the front pas- front air bags are most effective when● The supplemental front air bags ordi- senger air bag OFF under some condi- you are sitting well back and upright in narily will not inflate in the event of a tions. This sensor is only used in this the seat. The front air bags inflate with side impact, rear impact, rollover, or seat. Failure to be properly seated and great force. Even with the NISSAN ad- lower severity frontal collision. Also, wearing the seat belt can increase the vanced air bag system, if you are unre- the front passenger air bag will not in- risk or severity of injury in an accident. strained, leaning forward, sitting side- flate if the passenger air bag status See “Front Passenger air bag and sta- ways or out of position in any way, you light is lit. See “Front passenger air bag tus light” later in this section. are at greater risk of injury or death in a and status light” later in this section. crash. You may also receive serious or ● Keep hands on the outside of the steer- Always wear your seat belts to help fatal injuries from the supplemental ing wheel. Placing them inside the reduce the risk or severity of injury in front air bag if you are up against it steering wheel rim could increase the various kinds of accidents. risk that they are injured when the supplemental front air bag inflates.1-40 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  59. ARS1133 ARS1041 WARNING ● Never let children ride unrestrained or extend their hands or face out of the window. Do not attempt to hold them in your lap or arms. Some examples of dangerous riding positions are shown in the illustrations.Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-41 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  60. ARS1042 ARS1043 ARS1044 WARNING● Children may be severely injured or killed when the supplemental front air bags, side air bags or curtain side- impact and rollover air bags inflate if they are not properly restrained. Pre- teens and children should be properly restrained in the rear seat, if possible.1-42 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  61. ARS1045 WRS0256 WRS0431 Do not lean against the door. WARNING WARNING ● Even with the NISSAN Advanced Air Bag System, never install a rear-facing Supplemental side air bag (if so equipped) child restraint in the front seat. An in- and curtain side-impact and rollover air flating supplemental front air bag could bag (if so equipped): seriously injure or kill your child. See ● The supplemental side air bag and cur- “Child restraints” earlier in this section tain side-impact and rollover air bag for details. ordinarily will not inflate in the event of a frontal impact, rear impact, or lower severity side collision. Always wear your seat belts to help reduce the risk or severity of injury in various kinds of accidents. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-43 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  62. WARNING ● The seat belts, the supplemental side air bags and curtain side-impact and rollover air bags are most effective when you are sitting well back and up- right in the seat. The side air bag and curtain air bag inflate with great force. Do not allow anyone to place their hand, leg or face near the side air bag on the side of the seatback of the front seat or near the side roof rails. Do not allow anyone sitting in the front seats or rear outboard seats to extend their WRS0365 SSS0162 hand out of the window or lean against Do not lean against doors or windows. Do not lean against doors or windows. the door. Some examples of dangerous riding positions are shown in the previ- ous illustrations.1-44 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  63. WRS0363 SSS0159 WARNING● When sitting in the 2nd row rear seat, do not hold onto the seatback of the front seat. If the side air bag inflates, you may be seriously injured. Be especially care- ful with children, who should always be properly restrained. Some examples of dangerous riding positions are shown in the illustrations.● Do not use seat covers on the front seatbacks. They may interfere with supplemental side air bag inflation. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-45 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  64. 1. SRS curtain side-impact and rollover air bag modules (if so equipped) 2. SRS curtain side-impact and rollover air bags (if so equipped) 3. Diagnosis sensor unit 4. Supplemental front air bag modules 5. Crash zone sensor 6. Occupant classification system control unit 7. Occupant classification sensor 8. Satellite sensors 9. Seat belt buckle switches 10. Pre-tensioner retractor 11. Supplemental side air bag modules (if so equipped) NISSAN Advanced Air Bag System (front seats) This vehicle is equipped with the NISSAN ad- vanced air bag system for the driver and front passenger seats. This system is designed to meet certification requirements under U.S. regu- lations. It is also permitted in Canada. However, all of the information, cautions and warn- ings in this manual still apply and must be followed. LRS05931-46 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  65. The driver supplemental front air bag is located in the passenger air bag status light will be illumi- supplemental front air bags inflate quickly in orderthe center of the steering wheel. The passenger nated. See “Front passenger air bag and status to help protect the front occupants. Because ofsupplemental front air bag is mounted in the light” later in this section for further details. One this, the force of the front air bag inflating candashboard above the glove box. The supplemen- front air bag inflating does not indicate improper increase the risk of injury if the occupant is tootal front air bags are designed to inflate in higher performance of the system. close to, or is against, the front air bag moduleseverity frontal collisions, although they may in- during inflation. If you have any questions about your air bagflate if the forces in another type of collision are The front air bags deflate quickly after a collision. system, please contact NISSAN or your NISSANsimilar to those of a higher severity frontal impact. dealer. If you are considering modification of your The supplemental front air bags operateThey may not inflate in certain frontal collisions. vehicle due to a disability, you may also contactVehicle damage (or lack of it) is not always an only when the ignition switch is in the ON NISSAN. Contact information is contained in the or START position.indication of proper supplemental front air bag front of this Owner’s Manual.system operation. After turning the ignition key to the ON When a supplemental front air bag inflates, a position, the supplemental air bag warningThe NISSAN advanced air bag system has dual fairly loud noise may be heard, followed by the light illuminates. The supplemental air bagstage inflators. It also monitors information from release of smoke. This smoke is not harmful and warning light will turn off after about 7the crash zone sensor, the diagnosis sensor unit, does not indicate a fire. Care should be taken to seconds if the system is operational.seat belt buckle sensors, occupant classification not inhale it, as it may cause irritation and chok-sensor (weight sensor) and passenger seat belt ing. Those with a history of a breathing conditiontension sensor. Inflator operation is based on the should get fresh air promptly.severity of a collision and seat belt usage for the Supplemental front air bags, along with the use ofdriver. For the front passenger, it additionally seat belts, help to cushion the impact force onmonitors the weight of an occupant or object on the face and chest of the front occupants. Theythe seat and seat belt tension. Based on informa- can help save lives and reduce serious injuries.tion from the sensors, only one front air bag may However, an inflating front air bag may causeinflate in a crash, depending on the crash severity facial abrasions or other injuries. Front air bagsand whether the front occupants are belted or do not provide restraint to the lower body.unbelted. Additionally, the front passenger airbag may be automatically turned OFF under Even with NISSAN advanced air bags, seat beltssome conditions, depending on the weight de- should be correctly worn and the driver and pas-tected on the passenger seat and how the seat senger seated upright as far as practical awaybelt is used. If the front passenger air bag is OFF, from the steering wheel or instrument panel. The Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-47 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  66. Status light One sensor used is the occupant classification sensor (weight sensor). It is in the bottom of the The front passenger air bag status light is front passenger seat cushion and is designed to located under the climate controls. The light op- detect an occupant and objects on the seat by erates as follows: weight. It works together with seat belt sensors ● Unoccupied passenger seat or when other described later. For example, if a child is in the conditions are met as outlined in this sec- front passenger seat, the advanced air bag sys- tion: The illuminates to indicate that tem is designed to turn the passenger air bag the front passenger air bag is OFF and will OFF in accordance with the regulations. Also, if a not inflate in a crash. child restraint of the type specified in the regula- tions is on the seat, its weight and the child’s ● Occupied passenger seat and the passen- weight can be detected and cause the air bag to ger meet the conditions outlined in this sec- turn OFF. Weight sensor operation can vary de- tion: The light is OFF to indicate that pending on the front passenger seat belt sen- WRS0475 the front passenger air bag is operational. sors.Front passenger air bag and status light Front passenger air bag The front passenger seat belt sensors are de- signed to detect if the seat belt is buckled and the WARNING The front passenger air bag is designed to auto- amount of tension on the seat belt, such as when matically turn OFF when the vehicle is operatedThe front passenger air bag is designed to it is in the automatic locking mode (child restraint under some conditions as described below in mode). Based on the weight on the seat detectedautomatically turn OFF under some con- accordance with U.S. regulations. If the front by the weight sensor and the belt tension de-ditions. Read this section carefully to passenger air bag is OFF, it will not inflate in a tected on the seat belt, the advanced air baglearn how it operates. Proper use of theseat, seat belt and child restraints is nec- crash. The driver air bag and other air bags in your system determines whether the front passengeressary for most effective protection. Fail- vehicle are not part of this system. air bag should be automatically turned OFF asure to follow all instructions in this The purpose of the regulation is to help reduce required by the regulations.manual concerning the use of seats, seat the risk of injury or death from an inflating air bag Front passenger seat adult occupants who arebelts and child restraints can increase the to certain front passenger seat occupants, such properly seated and using the seat belt as out-risk or severity of injury in an accident. as children, by requiring the air bag to be auto- lined in this manual should not cause the passen- matically turned OFF. Certain sensors are used ger air bag to be automatically turned OFF. For to meet the requirements. small adults it may be turned OFF. Also, if the1-48 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  67. occupant takes his/her weight off the seat cush- heavy objects placed on the seat could result in in the center of the instrument panel, will blink.ion (for example, by not sitting upright, by sitting air bag inflation, because of the object’s weight Have the system checked by a NISSAN dealer.on an edge of the seat, or by otherwise being out detected by the weight sensor. Other conditions Other supplemental front air bag precau-of position), this could cause the sensor to turn could also result in air bag inflation, such as if a tionsthe air bag OFF. In addition, if the occupant child is standing on the seat, or if two children areimproperly uses the seat belt in the automatic on the seat, contrary to the instructions in this WARNINGlocking mode (child restraint mode), this could manual. Always be sure that you and all vehiclecause the air bag to be turned OFF. Always be occupants are seated and restrained properly. ● Do not place any objects on the steer-sure to be seated and wearing the seat belt ing wheel pad or on the instrumentproperly for the most effective protection by the Using the passenger air bag status light, you can panel. Also, do not place any objectsseat belt and supplemental air bag. monitor when the front passenger air bag is au- between any occupant and the steering tomatically turned OFF. The light will illuminate wheel or instrument panel. Such ob-NISSAN recommends that pre-teens and chil- (indicating the air bag is OFF and will not inflate) jects may become dangerous projec-dren be properly restrained in a rear seat. when the front passenger seat is not occupied. tiles and cause injury if the supplemen-NISSAN also recommends that appropriate child tal front air bag inflates.restraints and booster seats be properly installed If an adult occupant is in the seat and the pas-in a rear seat. If this is not possible, the weight senger air bag status light is illuminated (indicat- ● Immediately after inflation, severalsensor and seat belt sensors are designed to ing that the air bag is OFF), it could be that the front air bag system components will beoperate as described above to turn the front person is a small adult, or is not sitting on the seat hot. Do not touch them; you may se-passenger air bag OFF for specified child re- or not using the seat belt properly. If a child verely burn yourself.straints as required by the regulations. Failing to restraint must be used in the front seat, but the ● No unauthorized changes should beproperly secure child restraints and to use the status light is not lit (indicating that the air bag made to any components or wiring ofautomatic locking mode (child restraint mode) might inflate in a crash), it could be that the child the supplemental air bag system. This ismay allow the restraint to tip or move in an acci- restraint or seat belt is not being used properly. If to prevent accidental inflation of thedent or sudden stop. This can also result in the such situations happen, properly position and supplemental air bag or damage to thepassenger air bag inflating in a crash instead of restrain the occupant or child restraint. Other- supplemental air bag system.being OFF. See “Child restraints” earlier in this wise reposition the occupant or child restraint insection for proper use and installation. a rear seat.If the front passenger seat is not occupied and If a malfunction occurs in the front passenger airthe seat belt is not buckled, the passenger air bag bag system, the supplemental air bag warningis designed not to inflate in a crash. However, light , located in the meter and gauges area Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-49 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  68. ● Do not make unauthorized changes to ● No unauthorized changes should be your vehicle’s electrical system, sus- made to any components or wiring of pension system or front end structure. the seat belt system. This may affect the This could affect proper operation of supplemental front air bag system. the supplemental front air bag system. Tampering with the seat belt system may result in serious personal injury.● Tampering with the supplemental front air bag system may result in serious ● Work on and around the supplemental personal injury. Tampering includes front air bag system should be done by changes to the steering wheel and the a NISSAN dealer. Installation of electri- instrument panel assembly by placing cal equipment should also be done by a material over the steering wheel pad NISSAN dealer. The Supplemental Re- and above the instrument panel or by straint System (SRS) wiring should not installing additional trim material be modified or disconnected. Unautho- around the air bag system. rized electrical test equipment and probing devices should not be used on● Modifying or tampering with the front the air bag system. passenger seat may result in serious personal injury. For example, do not ● A cracked windshield should be re- change the front seats by placing mate- placed immediately by a qualified re- rial on the seat cushion or by installing pair facility. A cracked windshield could additional trim material, such as seat affect the function of the supplemental covers, on the seat that are not specifi- air bag system. cally designed to assure proper air bag ● The SRS wiring harness connectors are operation. Additionally, do not stow any yellow and orange for easy objects under the front passenger seat identification. or the seat cushion and seatback. Such objects may interfere with the proper When selling your vehicle, we request that you operation of the occupant classifica- inform the buyer about the supplemental front air tion system (weight sensor). bag system and guide the buyer to the appropri- ate sections in this Owner’s Manual.1-50 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  69. curtain side-impact and rollover air bags are de- curtain air bag may cause abrasions or other signed to inflate in higher severity side collisions, injuries. Supplemental side air bags and curtain although they may inflate if the forces in another side-impact and rollover air bags do not provide type of collision are similar to those of a higher restraint to the lower body. severity side impact. They are designed to inflate The seat belts should be correctly worn and the on the side where the vehicle is impacted. They driver and passenger seated upright as far as may not inflate in certain side collisions. practical away from the supplemental side air Curtain side-impact and rollover air bags are also bag. Rear seat passengers should be seated as designed to inflate in certain types of rollover far away as practical from the door finishers and collisions or near rollovers. side roof rails. The side air bags and curtain air Vehicle damage (or lack of it) is not always an bag inflate quickly in order to help protect the indication of proper supplemental side air bag occupants. Because of this, the force of the side and curtain side-impact and rollover air bag op- air bag and curtain air bag inflating can increase LRS0592 eration. the risk of injury if the occupant is too close to, orSupplemental side-impact air bag (if is against, these air bag modules during inflation. When the supplemental side air bag and curtain The side air bag will deflate quickly after theso equipped) and curtain side-impact air bags inflate, a fairly loud noise may be heard, collision is over.and rollover air bags (if so equipped) followed by release of smoke. This smoke is not harmful and does not indicate a fire. Care should The curtain side-impact and rollover air bag willsystem be taken not to inhale it, as it may cause irritation remain inflated for a short time.The supplemental side-impact air bags are lo- and choking. Those with a history of a breathing condition should get fresh air promptly. The supplemental side air bags and curtaincated in the outside of the seatback of the front side-impact and rollover air bags operateseats. The supplemental curtain side-impact and Supplemental side air bags, along with the use of only when the ignition switch is in the ONrollover air bags are located in the side roof rails seat belts, help to cushion the impact force on or START positions.in all 3 rows. These systems are designed to meet the chest of the front occupants. Curtain side-voluntary guidelines to help reduce the risk of impact and rollover air bags help to cushion the After turning the ignition key to the ONinjury to out-of-position occupants. However, impact force to the head of occupants in the front position, the supplemental air bag warningall of the information, cautions and warn- and rear outboard seating positions in all rows. light illuminates. The supplemental air bagings in this manual still apply and must be They can help save lives and reduce serious warning light will turn off after about 7followed. The supplemental side air bags and injuries. However, an inflating side air bag, or seconds if the system is operational. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-51 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  70. WARNING ● Tampering with the supplemental side Pre-tensioner seat belt system (Front● Do not place any objects near the seat- air bag system may result in serious seats) personal injury. For example, do not back of the front seats. Also, do not change the front seats by placing mate- place any objects (an umbrella, bag, WARNING rial near the seatbacks or by installing etc.) between the front door finisher additional trim material, such as seat ● The pre-tensioner seat belt cannot be and the front seat. Such objects may covers, around the side air bag. reused after activation. It must be re- become dangerous projectiles and placed together with the retractor and cause injury if the supplemental side air ● Work around and on the curtain air bag buckle as a unit. bag inflates. system should be done by a NISSAN dealer. Installation of electrical equip- ● If the vehicle becomes involved in a● Right after inflation, several side air bag ment should also be done by a NISSAN frontal collision but the pre-tensioner is and curtain side-impact and rollover air dealer. The SRS wiring harnesses* not activated, be sure to have the pre- bag system components will be hot. Do should not be modified or discon- tensioner system checked and, if nec- not touch them; you may severely burn nected. Unauthorized electrical test essary, replaced by your NISSAN yourself. equipment and probing devices should dealer.● No unauthorized changes should be not be used on the side air bag or cur- ● No unauthorized changes should be made to any components or wiring of tain air bag system. made to any components or wiring of the side air bag and curtain air bag the pre-tensioner seat belt system. This system. This is to prevent accidental * The SRS wiring harness or connectors are is to prevent accidental activation of inflation of the side air bag and curtain yellow or orange for easy identification. the pre-tensioner seat belt or damage air bag or damage to the side air bag When selling your vehicle, we request that you to the pre-tensioner seat belt operation. and curtain air bag system. inform the buyer about the supplemental side air Tampering with the pre-tensioner seat● Do not make unauthorized changes to bag and curtain air bag system and guide the belt system may result in serious per- your vehicle’s electrical system, sus- buyer to the appropriate sections in this Owner’s sonal injury. pension system or side panel. This Manual. could affect proper operation of the supplemental curtain air bag system.1-52 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  71. ● Work around and on the pre-tensioner fire. Care should be taken not to inhale it, as it may system should be done by a NISSAN cause irritation and choking. Those with a history dealer. Installation of electrical equip- of a breathing condition should get fresh air ment should also be done by a NISSAN promptly. dealer. Unauthorized electrical test After the pre-tensioner seat belts have activated, equipment and probing devices should load limiters allow the seat belt to release web- not be used on the pre-tensioner seat bing (if necessary) to reduce forces against the belt system. chest.● If you need to dispose of the pre- If any abnormality occurs in the pre-tensioner tensioner or scrap the vehicle, contact a system, the supplemental air bag warning NISSAN dealer. Correct pre-tensioner light will not come on, will flash intermit- disposal procedures are set forth in the tently or will turn on for 7 seconds and remain on appropriate NISSAN Service Manual. after the ignition key has been turned to the ON or Incorrect disposal procedures could START position. In this case, the pre-tensioner LRS0397 cause personal injury. seat belt may not function properly. They must be 1. SRS Air bag warning labels checked and repaired. Take your vehicle to theThe front seat pre-tensioner seat belt system The warning labels are located on the sur- nearest NISSAN dealer.activates in conjunction with the front supple- face of the sun visor.mental air bag systems. Working with the seat When selling your vehicle, we request that youbelt retractor, it helps tighten the seat belt when inform the buyer about the pre-tensioner seat belt 2. SRS Side air bag warning label (if sothe vehicle becomes involved in certain types of system and guide the buyer to the appropriate equipped)collisions, helping to restrain front seat occu- sections in this Owner’s Manual. The warning label is located on the side ofpants. the passenger’s side center pillar.The pre-tensioner is encased with the seat belt’sretractor. These seat belts are used the same asconventional seat belts.When the pre-tensioner seat belt activates,smoke is released and a loud noise may be heard.This smoke is not harmful and does not indicate a Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-53 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  72. SUPPLEMENTAL AIR BAG When the ignition key is in the ON or STARTWARNING LABELS position, the supplemental air bag warning light illuminates for about 7 seconds and then turnsWarning labels about the supplemental front air off. This means the system is operational.bags and supplemental side-impact and rolloverair bag systems are placed in the vehicle as If any of the following conditions occur, theshown in the illustration. supplemental front air bag, supplemental side air bag, curtain air bag and pre-tensioner seat belt systems need servicing: ● The supplemental air bag warning light re- mains on after approximately 7 seconds. ● The supplemental air bag warning light flashes intermittently. LRS0100 ● The supplemental air bag warning light does SUPPLEMENTAL AIR BAG not come on at all. WARNING LIGHT Under these conditions, the supplemental front The supplemental air bag warning light, air bag, supplemental side air bags and curtain air displaying in the instrument panel, moni- bag or pre-tensioner seat belt systems may not tors the circuits of the supplemental front air bag, operate properly. It must be checked and re- supplemental side-impact air bag and curtain paired. Take your vehicle to the nearest NISSAN side-impact and rollover air bag and pre- dealer. tensioner seat belt systems. The circuits moni- tored by the supplemental air bag warning light are the diagnosis sensor unit, crash zone sensor, satellite sensors, rollover sensor, front air bag modules, side air bag modules, curtain air bag modules, pre-tensioner seat belts and all related wiring.1-54 Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  73. WARNING WARNINGIf the supplemental air bag warning light ● Once a supplemental front air bag,is on, it could mean that the supplemental supplemental side air bag or curtain airfront air bag, supplemental side air bag, bag has inflated, the air bag module willcurtain air bag systems and/or pre- not function again and must be re-tensioner seat belt systems will not oper- placed. Additionally, if any of theate in an accident. To help avoid injury to supplemental front air bags inflate, theyourself or others, have your vehicle activated pre-tensioner seat belts mustchecked by a NISSAN dealer as soon as also be replaced. The air bag modulepossible. and pre-tensioner seat belt system should be replaced by a NISSAN dealer.Repair and replacement procedure The air bag module and pre-tensioner seat belt system cannot be repaired.The supplemental front air bags, supplementalside air bags, curtain air bags and pre-tensioner ● The supplemental front air bag, side airseat belts are designed to inflate on a one-time- bag and curtain air bag systems, andonly basis. As a reminder, unless it is damaged, the pre-tensioner seat belt systemthe supplemental air bag warning light remains should be inspected by a NISSANilluminated after inflation has occurred. Repair dealer if there is any damage to theand replacement of these supplemental air bag front end or side portion of the vehicle.systems should be done only by a NISSAN ● If you need to dispose of the supple-dealer. mental air bag, pre-tensioner seat belt system or scrap the vehicle, contact aWhen maintenance work is required on the ve- NISSAN dealer. Correct supplementalhicle, the supplemental front air bags, supple- air bag and pre-tensioner seat belt sys-mental side air bags, curtain air bags, pre- tem disposal procedures are set forth intensioner seat belts and related parts should be the appropriate NISSAN Servicepointed out to the person performing the mainte- Manual. Incorrect disposal proceduresnance. The ignition key should always be in the could cause personal injury.LOCK position when working under the hood orinside the vehicle. Safety—Seats, seat belts and supplemental restraint system 1-55 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  74. 2 Instruments and controlsInstrument panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 Headlight and turn signal switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22Meters and gauges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 Headlight control switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22 Speedometer and odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 Daytime running light system (Canada only) . . . . . . 2-23 Trip computer (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 Instrument brightness control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24 Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6 Turn signal switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24 Engine coolant temperature gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6 Fog light switch (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24 Fuel gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7 Hazard warning flasher switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25 Engine oil pressure gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25 Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 Vehicle dynamic control (VDC) off switchWarning/indicator lights and audible reminders . . . . . . . 2-9 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26 Checking bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10 Hill descent control (HDC) switch (if so equipped) . . . 2-26 Warning lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10 Electronic locking rear differential (E-Lock) system Indicator lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14 switch (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27 Audible reminders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18 Clutch interlock (clutch start) switchSecurity systems (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28 Vehicle security system (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . 2-18 Power outlet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29 NISSAN vehicle immobilizer system (NVIS) Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19 Storage trays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30Windshield wiper and washer switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20 Console box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31 Switch operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20 Glove box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31Rear window wiper and washer switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21 Sunglasses holder (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32Rear window and outside mirror (if so equipped) Map pockets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32defroster switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22 Seat pockets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  75. Cup holders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33 Power windows (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41 Cargo area storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35 Manual windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42 Luggage hooks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35 Interior lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43 Cargo nets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-37 Map lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44 Roof rack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-38 Cargo light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  76. INSTRUMENT PANEL 1. Ventilators (P. 4-2) 2. Headlight/fog light (if so equipped)/turn signal switch (P. 2-22) 3. Steering wheel switch for audio control (if so equipped) (P. 4-25) 4. Driver supplemental air bag/horn (P. 1-39, P. 2-25) 5. Meters, gauges and warning/indicator lights (P. 2-3, 2-9) 6. Cruise control main/set switches (if so equipped) (P. 5-17) 7. Windshield wiper/washer switch and rear window wiper/washer switch (P. 2-20, P. 2-21) 8. Storage (P. 2-30) 9. Audio system controls (P. 4-10) 10. Front passenger supplemental air bag (P. 1-39) 11. Upper and lower glove box (P. 2-31) 12. Passenger air bag status light (P. 1-48) 13. Power outlet (P. 2-29) 14. Electronic locking rear differential (E-Lock) system switch (if so equipped) (P. 2-27) Hill descent control switch (if so equipped) (P. 2-26) WIC08582-2 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  77. METERS AND GAUGES Vehicle dynamic control (VDC) off switch (if so equipped) (P. 2-26)15. Shift selector lever (P. 5-10)16. 4WD shift switch (if so equipped) (P. 5-19)17. Climate controls (P. 4-2)18. Hazard lights (P. 2-25)19. Ignition switch (P. 5-7)20. Tilt steering wheel control (P. 3-11)21. Clutch interlock (clutch start) switch (if so equipped) (P. 2-28)22. Power outside mirror controls (if so equipped) (P. 3-13)See the page number indicated in paren-theses for operating details. LIC0736 1. Warning/indicator lights 6. Odometer/Twin trip odometer/Trip com- 2. Tachometer puter (if so equipped) 3. Speedometer 7. Engine oil pressure gauge 4. Fuel gauge 8. Engine coolant temperature gauge 5. Voltmeter Instruments and controls 2-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  78. Odometer/Twin trip odometer The odometer/twin trip odometer is displayed when the ignition key is in the ON position. The odometer records the total distance the ve- hicle has been driven. The twin trip odometer records the distance of individual trips. LIC0737 LIC07801. Speedometer With twin trip odometer2. Odometer/twin trip display Changing the display:3. Change button For vehicles equipped with twin trip odometer,SPEEDOMETER AND ODOMETER pushing the change button changes the display as follows:Speedometer Trip → Trip → TripThe speedometer indicates vehicle speed inmiles per hour (MPH) and kilometers per hour(km/h).2-4 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  79. TRIP COMPUTER (if so equipped) NOTE: The display of the trip computer is situated in the ● If the amount of fuel added while the speedometer display. When the ignition is turned ignition switch is OFF is small, the dis- to ON, the display scrolls all the modes of the trip play just before the ignition switch is computer and then shows the mode chosen be- turned OFF may continue to be dis- fore the ignition switch was turned OFF. played. When the ignition switch is turned to ON, modes ● When driving uphill or rounding curves, of the trip computer can be selected by pushing the fuel in the tank shifts, which may the trip computer change button. The following momentarily change the display. modes can be selected: Average speed (MPH or km/h) Distance to empty (dte—mile or km) The average speed mode shows the average LIC0781 The distance to empty (dte) mode provides you vehicle speed since last reset. Resetting is done With trip computer with an estimation of the distance that can be by pressing the change button for more than driven before refueling. The dte is constantly be- approximately 1 second. The display is updatedFor vehicles equipped with trip computer, push- ing calculated, based on the amount of fuel in theing the change button changes the display as every 30 seconds. The first 30 seconds after a fuel tank and the actual fuel consumption. reset, the display shows (----).follows: The display is updated every 30 seconds.Trip → Trip → Distance to Empty → Average fuel consumption (Mpg orAverage speed → Average fuel consumption → The dte mode includes a low range warning l/100km)Journey time → Trip feature: when the fuel level is low, the dte mode is automatically selected and the digits blink in or- The average fuel consumption mode shows theFor additional information, refer to “Trip com- der to draw the driver’s attention. Press the average fuel consumption since the last reset.puter” later in this section. change button if you wish to return to the mode Resetting is done by pressing the change buttonResetting the trip odometer: that was selected before the warning occurred. for more than approximately 1 second. The dis- The dte mark (dte) will remain blinking until the play is updated every 30 seconds. At about thePushing the change button for more than 1 sec- vehicle is refueled. first 1/3 miles (500 m) after a reset, the displayond resets the trip odometer to zero. When the fuel level drops even lower, the dte shows (----). display will change to (----). Instruments and controls 2-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  80. Journey timeThe journey time mode shows the time since thelast reset. The displayed time can be reset bypressing the change button for more than ap-proximately 1 second.Trip computer resetPushing the change button for more than 3 sec-onds will reset all modes except Trip A and dis-tance to empty (dte). LIC0738 LIC0739 TACHOMETER ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE The tachometer indicates engine speed in revo- GAUGE lutions per minute (rpm). Do not rev engine into The gauge indicates the engine coolant tempera- the red zone ᭺. 1 ture. The engine coolant temperature is within the normal range ᭺ when the gauge needle points 1 CAUTION within the zone shown in the illustration. When engine speed approaches the red The engine coolant temperature varies with the zone, shift to a higher gear. Operating the engine in the red zone may cause serious outside air temperature and driving conditions. engine damage.2-6 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  81. The indicates that the fuel filler lid is CAUTION located on the driver’s side of the vehicle.If the gauge indicates coolant tempera-ture near the hot (H) end of the normal CAUTIONrange, reduce vehicle speed to decreasetemperature. If the gauge is over the nor- ● If the vehicle runs out of fuel,mal range, stop the vehicle as soon as the malfunction indicator lampsafely possible. If the engine is over- (MIL) may come on. Refuel as soon asheated, continued operation of the ve- possible. After a few driving trips,hicle may seriously damage the engine.See “If your vehicle overheats” in the “In the lamp should turn off. If thecase of emergency” section for immediate lamp remains on after a few drivingaction required. trips, have the vehicle inspected by a NISSAN dealer. LIC0740 ● For additional information, see “Mal- FUEL GAUGE function indicator lamp (MIL)” later in this section. The gauge indicates the approximate fuel level in the tank. The gauge may move slightly during braking, turning, acceleration, or going up or down hills. The gauge needle returns to E (Empty) after the ignition key is turned to OFF. The low fuel warning light comes on when the amount of fuel in the tank is getting low. Refill the fuel tank before the gauge regis- ters E (Empty). Instruments and controls 2-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  82. ● If the gauge needle does not move with the proper amount of engine oil, have the vehicle checked by a NISSAN dealer. Continued vehicle operation in such a condition could cause serious damage to the engine. LIC0741 LIC0742ENGINE OIL PRESSURE GAUGE VOLTMETERThe gauge indicates the engine lubrication sys- When the ignition key is turned to the ON posi-tem oil pressure while the engine is running. tion, the voltmeter indicates the battery voltage.When the engine speed is high, the engine oil When the engine is running, it indicates the gen-pressure is also high. When it is low, the gauge erator voltage.indicates the low oil pressure. While cranking the engine, the volts drop below the normal range. If the needle is not in the normal CAUTION range (11 – 15 volts) ᭺ while the engine is 1● This gauge is not designed to indicate running, it may indicate that the charging system low engine oil level. Use the dipstick to is not functioning properly. Have the system check the oil level. (See “Engine oil” in checked by a NISSAN dealer. the “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section.)2-8 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  83. WARNING/INDICATOR LIGHTS ANDAUDIBLE REMINDERS or Anti-lock brake warning light Low windshield washer fluid warning light Hill descent control (HDC) system on indica- tor light (if so equipped) Automatic transmission oil temperature warn- Seat belt warning light and chime Malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) ing light (if so equipped) Automatic transmission park warning light Supplemental air bag warning light Overdrive off indicator light (automatic trans- ( model) mission models only) or Brake warning light Automatic transmission position indicator light Security indicator light Charge warning light Cruise main switch indicator light (if so Slip indicator light for models with ABLS (if so equipped) equipped) Door open warning light Cruise set switch indicator light (if so Slip indicator light for models with VDC (if so equipped) equipped) Engine oil pressure warning light Electronic locking rear differential (E-Lock) Transfer 4LO position indicator light system on indicator light (if so equipped) ( model) 4WD warning light ( model) 4WD shift indicator light ( model) Turn signal/hazard indicator lights Low fuel warning light Front passenger air bag status light Vehicle dynamic control off indicator light (if so equipped) Low tire pressure warning light High beam indicator light (Blue) Instruments and controls 2-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  84. Automatic transmission parkCHECKING BULBS If the light comes on while you are driving, contact a NISSAN dealer for repair. warning light ( model)With all doors closed, apply the parking brakeand turn the ignition key to the ON position The ABS system will be disabled and the ABS WARNINGwithout starting the engine. The following lights light will illuminate when the electronic locking rear differential (E-Lock) system switch (if so ● If the ATP light is ON, this indicates thatwill come on: equipped) is turned on and the E-Lock system is the automatic transmission P (Park) po- , or , , , , engaged. If the E-Lock system disengages or the sition will not function and the transfer case is in neutral.The following lights come on briefly and then go switch is turned off, the ABS system will beoff: enabled and the ABS light will turn off. ● When parking, always make sure that the 4WD shift indicator light illuminates or , , , , , , Automatic transmission oil and the parking brake is set. Failure to , temperature warning light (if engage the transfer position in 2WD, 4H so equipped) or 4LO could result in the vehicle mov-If any light fails to come on, it may indicate ing unexpectedly, resulting in seriousa burned-out bulb or an open circuit in the This light comes on when the automatic transmis- personal injury or property damage.electrical system. Have the system repaired sion oil temperature is too high. If the light comespromptly. ● Shift the 4WD switch into the 2WD, 4H on while driving, reduce the vehicle speed as or 4LO position again to turn off the ATPWARNING LIGHTS soon as safely possible until the light turns off. warning light when the automatic trans- mission selector lever is in the P posi- or Anti-lock brake CAUTION tion and the ATP warning light is ON. warning light Continued vehicle operation when the A/T (Before shifting the 4WD switch into the oil temperature warning light is on may 4LO position, move the automaticIf the light comes on while the engine is running, transmission selector lever into the Nit may indicate the anti-lock brake system is not damage the automatic transmission. position once, shift the selector leverfunctioning properly. Have the system checked into P again and make sure the ATPby a NISSAN dealer. warning light is OFF.)If an abnormality occurs in the system, the anti-lock function ceases, but the regular brakingsystem continues to operate.2-10 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  85. This light indicates that the automatic transmis- WARNING CAUTIONsion parking function is not engaged. If the trans-fer control is not secured in any drive position ● Your brake system may not be working ● Do not ground electrical accessorieswhile the automatic transmission selector lever is properly if the warning light is on. Driv- directly to the battery terminal. Doingin the P (Park) position, the transmission will ing could be dangerous. If you judge it so will bypass the variable control sys-disengage and the drive wheels will not lock. to be safe, drive carefully to the nearest tem and the vehicle battery may not service station for repairs. Otherwise, charge completely. Refer to “Variable or Brake warning light have your vehicle towed because driv- voltage control system” in the “Mainte- ing it could be dangerous. nance and do-it-yourself” section laterThis light functions for both the parking brake and in this manual. ● Pressing the brake pedal with the en-the foot brake systems. gine stopped and/or a low brake fluid ● Do not continue driving if the generatorWhen the ignition key is in the ON position, the level may increase your stopping dis- belt is loose, broken or missing.light comes on when the parking brake is applied, tance and braking will require greaterand also warns of a low brake fluid level. If the pedal effort as well as pedal travel. Door open warning lightlight comes on while the engine is running with ● If the brake fluid level is below thethe parking brake not applied, stop the vehicle This light comes on when any of the doors are not MINIMUM or MIN mark on the brakeand perform the following: closed securely while the ignition key is in the ON fluid reservoir, do not drive until the 1. Check the brake fluid level. Add brake fluid brake system has been checked at a position. as necessary. See “Brake and clutch fluid” in NISSAN dealer. the “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” sec- Engine oil pressure warning tion of this manual. Charge warning light light 2. If the brake fluid level is correct, have the This light warns of low engine oil pressure. If the brake system checked by a NISSAN dealer. If this light comes on while the engine is running, light flickers or comes on during normal driving, it may indicate the charging system is not func- pull off the road in a safe area, stop the engine tioning properly. Turn the engine off and check immediately and call a NISSAN dealer or other the generator belt. If the belt is loose, broken, authorized repair shop. missing, or if the light remains on, see a NISSAN dealer immediately. The engine oil pressure warning light is not designed to indicate a low oil level. Use the Instruments and controls 2-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  86. dipstick to check the oil level. See “Engine oil” in ● Do not drive on dry hard surface roads (Empty). There will be a small reserve of fuelthe “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section of in the 4H or 4LO position. If the 4WD in the tank when the fuel gauge needlethis manual. warning light turns on when you are reaches E (Empty). driving on dry hard surface roads: CAUTION Low tire pressure warning – in the 4H position, shift the 4WD shift lightRunning the engine with the engine oil switch to 2WD.pressure warning light on could cause se- After the ignition switch is turned ON, this lightrious damage to the engine almost imme- – in the 4LO position for automatic comes on for about 1 second and turns off.diately. Such damage is not covered by transmission models, stop the ve-warranty. Turn off the engine as soon as it hicle and shift the transmission se- This light warns of low tire pressure.is safe to do so. lector lever to the N position with the brake pedal depressed and shift the NISSAN’s low tire pressure warning system is a 4WD shift switch to 2WD. tire pressure monitoring system. It monitors tire 4WD warning light ( pressure of all tires except the spare. When the model) – in the 4LO position for manual trans- tire pressure monitoring system warning light is mission models, stop the vehicle and lit, one or more of your tires is significantly under-The 4WD warning light comes on when the key shift the transmission shift lever toswitch is turned to ON. It turns off soon after the inflated. You should stop and check your tires as the N position with the clutch pedalengine is started. soon as possible, and inflate them to the proper depressed and shift the 4WD shift pressure as indicated on the vehicle’s tire infor-If the engine or vehicle is not functioning properly, switch to 2WD. mation placard. Driving on a significantly under-the warning light will either remain illuminated or ● If the warning light is still on after the inflated tire causes the tire to overheat and canblink. See “4WD warning light” in the “Starting above operation, have your vehicle lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also reducesand driving” section. checked by a NISSAN dealer as soon as fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may affect possible. the vehicle’s handling and stopping ability. Each CAUTION tire, including the spare, should be checked Low fuel warning light monthly when cold and set to the recommended● If the warning light comes on or blinks during operation, have your vehicle inflation pressure as specified in the vehicle plac- checked by a NISSAN dealer as soon as This light comes on when the fuel level in the fuel ard and owner’s manual. possible. tank is getting low. Refuel as soon as it is conve- nient, preferably before the fuel gauge reaches E The recommended inflation pressure may also be found on the Tire and Loading Information Label.2-12 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  87. Low tire pressure warning: If the light still comes on while driving Low windshield washer fluidIf the vehicle is being driven with very low tire after adjusting the tire pressure, a tire warning lightpressure (lower than 28 psi, 193 kPa), the light may be flat. If you have a flat tire, re- place it with a spare tire as soon as This light comes on when the windshield washerwill illuminate and the chime will sound for about fluid is at a low level. Add windshield washer fluid10 seconds. possible. as necessary. See “Window washer fluid” in the ● When a spare tire is mounted or a wheel “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section of thisFor additional information, see “Low tire pressure is replaced, tire pressure will not be manual.warning system” in the “Starting and driving” indicated and the low tire pressuresection and “Low tire pressure warning system” warning system will not function. Con- Seat belt warning light andin the “In case of emergency” section. tact your NISSAN dealer as soon as chime possible for tire replacement and/or WARNING system resetting. The light and chime remind you to fasten your seat belts. The light illuminates whenever the● If the light does not come on with the ignition key is turned to the ON or START position key switch turned ON, have the vehicle CAUTION and remains illuminated until the driver’s seat belt checked by a NISSAN dealer as soon as is fastened. At the same time, the chime sounds ● The low tire pressure warning system is possible. for about 6 seconds unless the driver’s seat belt not a substitute for the regular tire pres-● If the light comes on while driving, sure check. Be sure to check the tire is securely fastened. avoid sudden steering maneuvers or pressure regularly. Refer to “Seat belts” in the “Safety—Seats, seat abrupt braking, reduce vehicle speed, belts and supplemental restraint system” section ● If the vehicle is being driven at speeds pull off the road to a safe location and for precautions on seat belt usage. of less than 20 MPH (32 km/h), the low stop the vehicle as soon as possible. tire pressure warning system may not Serious vehicle damage could occur operate correctly. Supplemental air bag warning and may lead to an accident and could light result in serious personal injury. Check ● Be sure to install the specified size of the tire pressure for all four tires. Adjust tires to the 4 wheels correctly. When the ignition key is in the ON or START the tire pressure to the recommended position, the supplemental air bag warning light COLD tire pressure shown on the Tire illuminates for about 7 seconds and then turns and Loading Information label to turn off. This means the system is operational. the low tire pressure warning light OFF. Instruments and controls 2-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  88. If any of the following conditions occur, the WARNING Cruise set switch indicatorsupplemental front air bags, supplemental side light (if so equipped)air bags (if so equipped), curtain side-impact and If the supplemental air bag warning lightrollover air bags, and pre-tensioner seat belt sys- is on, it could mean that the supplemental The light comes on while the vehicle speed istems need servicing and your vehicle must be front air bag, supplemental side air bag (if controlled by the cruise control system. If the lighttaken to a NISSAN dealer: so equipped), curtain side-impact and blinks while the engine is running, it may indicate rollover air bag systems (if so equipped) the cruise control system is not functioning prop- ● The supplemental air bag warning light re- and/or pre-tensioner seat belt systems erly. Have the system checked by a NISSAN mains on after approximately 7 seconds. will not operate in an accident. To help dealer. avoid injury to yourself or others, have ● The supplemental air bag warning light flashes intermittently. your vehicle checked by a NISSAN dealer Electronic locking rear as soon as possible. differential (E-Lock) system ● The supplemental air bag warning light does INDICATOR LIGHTS on indicator light (if so not come on at all. equipped)Unless checked and repaired, the supplemental Automatic transmissionrestraint system (air bag system) and/or the pre- position indicator light This light comes on when the electronic lockingtensioner seat belts may not function properly. rear differential (E-Lock) system clutch is fullyFor additional details see “Supplemental restraint When the ignition key is turned to the ON posi- engaged.system” in the “Safety—Seats, seat belts and tion, this indicator light shows the automatic The indicator light flashes when the system is firstsupplemental restraint system” section of this transmission selector lever position. See “Driving turned on. When the system fully engages, themanual. the vehicle” in the “Starting and driving” section light remains on. If the switch is on and the of this manual. indicator light continues to flash, the system is Cruise main switch indicator not engaged. light (if so equipped) For additional information, see “Electronic lock- The light comes on when the cruise control main ing rear differential (E-Lock) system switch” later switch is pushed. The light goes out when the in this section and “Electronic locking rear differ- main switch is pushed again. When the cruise ential (E-Lock) system” in the “Starting and driv- main switch indicator light comes on, the cruise ing” section of this manual. control system is operational.2-14 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  89. 4WD shift indicator light The high beam indicator light also comes on The malfunction indicator lamp may also come on ( model) when the passing signal is activated. steady if the fuel filler cap is loose or missing, or if the vehicle runs out of fuel. Check to make sureThe light should turn off within 1 second after Hill descent control (HDC) the fuel filler cap is installed and closed tightly,turning the ignition switch to ON. system on indicator light (if so and that the vehicle has at least 3 gallons (11.4While the engine is running, the 4WD shift indi- equipped) liters) of fuel in the fuel tank.cator light will illuminate the position selected by When the ignition switch is turned ON, this light After a few driving trips, the lamp shouldthe 4WD shift switch. comes on briefly and then turns off. turn off if no other potential emission controlThe 4WD shift indicator light may blink system malfunction exists. The light comes on when the hill descent controlwhile shifting from one drive mode to the system is activated. If this indicator lamp comes on steady for 20other. seconds and then blinks for 10 seconds when If the HDC switch is on and the indicator light the engine is not running, it indicates that the Front passenger air bag blinks, the system is not engaged. vehicle is not ready for an emission control sys- status light If the indicator light does not come on or blink tem inspection/maintenance test. See “Readi-The front passenger air bag status light ( ) when the hill descent switch is on, the system ness for inspection/maintenance (I/M) test” in thewill be lit and the passenger front air bag will be may not be functioning properly. Have the system “Technical and consumer information” section ofOFF depending on how the front passenger seat checked by a NISSAN dealer. this manual.is being used. For additional information, see “Hill descent con- OperationFor front passenger air bag status light operation, trol (HDC) switch” later in this section and “Hill The malfunction indicator lamp will come on insee “Front passenger air bag and status light” in descent control (HDC) system” in the “Starting one of two ways:the “Safety — Seats, seat belts and supplemental and driving” section of this manual. ● Malfunction indicator lamp on steady — Anrestraint system” section of this manual. Malfunction indicator lamp emission control system malfunction has High beam indicator light (MIL) been detected. Check the fuel filler cap. If (Blue) the fuel filler cap is loose or missing, tighten If this indicator lamp comes on steady or blinks or install the cap and continue to drive theThis blue light comes on when the headlight high while the engine is running, it may indicate a vehicle. The lamp should turn off afterbeams are on and goes out when the low beams potential emission control malfunction. a few driving trips. If the lamp doesare selected. not turn off after a few driving trips, have the Instruments and controls 2-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  90. vehicle inspected by a NISSAN dealer. You Overdrive off indicator light Slip indicator light for models do not need to have your vehicle towed to (automatic transmission with VDC (if so equipped) the dealer. models only) This indicator light will blink when the traction ● Malfunction indicator lamp blinking — An This light comes on when the overdrive function control system is limiting wheel spin. Slippery engine misfire has been detected which may is OFF. road conditions may exist if the slip indicator damage the emission control system. To re- blinks on. If this happens, adjust your driving duce or avoid emission control system dam- The automatic transmission overdrive function is controlled by the overdrive switch. accordingly. age: See “Driving the vehicle” in the “Starting and The slip indicator light also comes on when you – do not drive at speeds above 45 MPH turn the ignition key to the ON position. The light (72 km/h). driving” section of this manual. will turn off after about 2 seconds if the system is – avoid hard acceleration or deceleration. Security indicator light (NVIS) operational. If the light does not come on or does not go off, have the traction control system – avoid steep uphill grades. This light blinks whenever the ignition switch is in checked by a NISSAN dealer. – if possible, reduce the amount of cargo the LOCK, OFF or ACC position. This function If the battery is removed or discharged, the trac- being hauled or towed. indicates the security system equipped on the tion control system is disabled and the slip indi- vehicle is operational.The malfunction indicator lamp may stop blinking cator light will not turn off after 2 seconds whenand come on steady. Have the vehicle inspected For additional information, see “Security sys- the ignition switch is turned to the ON position.by a NISSAN dealer. You do not need to have tems” later in this section. To reset the system, you must perform the resetyour vehicle towed to the dealer. procedure. Refer to “Vehicle dynamic control Slip indicator light for models (VDC) system” in the “Starting and driving” sec- CAUTION with ABLS (if so equipped) tion of this manual.Continued vehicle operation without hav- This indicator light comes on if the active brake If the light does not go off after performing theing the emission control system checked limited slip is activated. If activated, the system reset procedure, have the traction control systemand repaired as necessary could lead to will apply braking to the slipping drive wheel(s), checked by a NISSAN dealer.poor driveability, reduced fuel economy, giving the non-slipping wheel(s) more traction.and possible damage to the emission con-trol system.2-16 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  91. Transfer 4LO position ● For manual transmission models, stop the The vehicle dynamic control light also comes on indicator light ( model) vehicle and shift the transmission selector when you turn the ignition key to the ON position. lever to the N position with the clutch pedal The light will turn off after about 2 seconds if theThe light should turn off within 1 second after depressed, then depress and turn the 4WD system is operational. If the light comes on alongturning the ignition switch to ON. shift switch to 4LO or 4H. with the SLIP indicator light while you are driving,This light comes on when the 4WD shift switch is have the vehicle dynamic control system checked You cannot move the transfer 4WD shift switchset in the 4LO position with the ignition key in the by a NISSAN dealer. between 4H and 4LO unless you stop the vehicleON position. and shift the transmission selector lever to the N If the battery is removed or discharged, the ve-The transfer case may be damaged if you shift the position with the brake pedal (AT models) or hicle dynamic control system is disabled and theswitch while driving. clutch pedal (MT models) depressed. VDC indicator light will not turn off after 2 sec- onds when the ignition switch is turned to the ONMake sure the transfer 4LO position indicator Turn signal/hazard indicator position. To reset the system, you must performlight turns on when you shift the 4WD shift switch lights the reset procedure. Refer to “Vehicle dynamicto 4LO. The appropriate light flashes when the turn signal control (VDC) system” in the “Starting and driv-The indicator light may blink while shifting switch is activated. ing” section of this manual.from one drive mode to the other. Both lights flash when the hazard switch is turned If the light does not go off after performing theThe 4LO indicator light must stop blinking and on. reset procedure, have the traction control systemremain illuminated or turn off before shifting the checked by a NISSAN dealer.transmission into gear. If the transmission selec- Vehicle dynamic control off indicator light (if so equipped) While the vehicle dynamic control system is op-tor lever is shifted from the N position to any other erating, you might feel slight vibration or hear thegear when the 4LO indicator light is blinking, the This indicator light comes on when the vehicle system working when starting the vehicle or ac-vehicle may move unexpectedly. dynamic control off switch is pushed to OFF. This celerating, but this is normal.When you shift between 4H and 4LO, follow the indicates the vehicle dynamic control system is The VDC system will be disabled and the VDCinstructions below: not operating. light will illuminate when the electronic locking ● For automatic transmission models, stop the Push the vehicle dynamic control off switch again rear differential (E-lock) system switch (if so vehicle and shift the transmission selector or restart the engine and the system will operate equipped) is turned on and the E-lock system is lever to the N position with the brake pedal normally. See “Vehicle dynamic control (VDC) engaged. If the E-lock system disengages or the depressed, then depress and turn the 4WD system” in the “Starting and driving” section of switch is turned off, the VDC system will be shift switch to 4LO or 4H. this manual. enabled and the VDC light will turn off. Instruments and controls 2-17 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  92. SECURITY SYSTEMS (if so equipped)AUDIBLE REMINDERS The system helps deter vehicle theft but cannotBrake pad wear warning prevent it, nor can it prevent the theft of interior or exterior vehicle components in all situations. Al-The front disc brake pads have audible wear ways secure your vehicle even if parking for awarnings. When a front brake pad requires re- brief period. Never leave your keys in the ignition,placement, it makes a high pitched scraping and always lock the vehicle when unattended. Besound when the vehicle is in motion, whether or aware of your surroundings, and park in secure,not the brake pedal is depressed. Have the well-lit areas whenever possible.brakes checked as soon as possible if the warn-ing sound is heard. Many devices offering additional protection, such as component locks, identification markers, andKey reminder chime tracking systems, are available at auto supply stores and specialty shops. Your NISSAN dealerA chime sounds if the driver’s door is opened may also offer such equipment. Check with yourwhile the key is left in the ignition switch. Remove insurance company to see if you may be eligiblethe key and take it with you when leaving the LIC0372 for discounts for various theft protection features.vehicle. Your vehicle may have two types of security sys- tems: How to arm the vehicle securityLight reminder chime systemWith the ignition switch in the OFF position, a ● Vehicle security system (if so equipped) 1. Close all windows. (The system can bechime sounds when the driver’s door is opened if ● NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer System—NVIS armed even if the windows are open.)the headlights or parking lights are on. (if so equipped) 2. Remove the key from the ignition switch.Turn the headlight control switch off before leav-ing the vehicle. VEHICLE SECURITY SYSTEM (if so 3. Close all doors. Lock all doors. The doors equipped) can be locked with the key, power door lock The vehicle security system provides visual and switch (if the door is opened, locked and audible alarm signals if someone opens the doors then closed), or with the keyfob. when the system is armed. It is not, however, a motion detection type system that activates when a vehicle is moved or when a vibration occurs.2-18 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  93. Keyfob operation: position to remove the key, the system How to stop an activated alarm may be disarmed when the key is re- ● Push the button on the keyfob. The alarm stops only by unlocking a door with the moved. If the indicator light fails to All doors lock. The hazard lights flash key, or by pressing the button on the key- glow for 30 seconds, unlock the door twice and the horn beeps once to indicate fob. once and lock it again. all doors are locked. ● Even when the driver and/or passen- NISSAN VEHICLE IMMOBILIZER ● When the button is pushed with all doors locked, the hazard lights flash gers are in the vehicle, the system will SYSTEM (NVIS) (if so equipped) arm with all doors closed and locked twice and the horn beeps once as a re- The NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer System (NVIS) with the ignition key in the OFF posi- minder that the doors are already locked. will not allow the engine to start without the use of tion. The horn may or may not beep. Refer to a registered NVIS key. “Silencing the horn beep feature” in the Vehicle security system activation If the engine fails to start using a registered NVIS “Pre-driving checks and adjustments” sec- The vehicle security system will give the following key (for example, when interference is caused by tion later in this manual. alarm: another NVIS key, an automated toll road device4. Confirm that the indicator light comes or automatic payment device on the key ring), ● The headlights blink and the horn sounds restart the engine using the following proce- on. The light stays on for about 30 intermittently. seconds. The vehicle security system is now dures: pre-armed. After about 30 seconds the ve- ● The alarm automatically turns off after ap- 1. Leave the ignition switch in the ON position hicle security system automatically shifts proximately 50 seconds. However, the alarm for approximately 5 seconds. into the armed phase. The light begins reactivates if the vehicle is tampered with to flash once every 3 seconds. If, during the again. The alarm can be shut off by unlocking 2. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF or LOCK 30-second pre-arm time period, the door is a door with the key, or by pressing the position, and wait approximately 10 sec- unlocked by the key or the keyfob, or the button on the keyfob. onds. ignition key is turned to ACC or ON, the The alarm is activated by: 3. Repeat steps 1 and 2. system will not arm. ● opening a door without using the key or 4. Restart the engine while holding the device● If the key is turned slowly when locking the door, the system may not arm. Fur- keyfob (even if the door is unlocked by using (which may have caused the interference) thermore, if the key is turned beyond the inside lock knob or the power door lock separate from the registered NVIS key. the vertical position toward the unlock switch). Instruments and controls 2-19 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  94. WINDSHIELD WIPER AND WASHER SWITCHIf the no start condition re-occurs, NISSAN rec-ommends placing the registered NVIS key on aseparate key ring to avoid interference from otherdevices.Statement related to Section 15 of FCCRules for NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer Sys-tem (CONT ASSY — IMMOBILIZER, ANTASSY — IMMOBILIZER)This device complies with part 15 of theFCC Rules and RSS-210 of IndustryCanada. Operation is subject to the follow-ing two conditions;(1) This device may not cause harmful in- LIC0474 WIC0843terference, and (2) this device must acceptany interference received, including inter- Security indicator light SWITCH OPERATIONference that may cause undesired opera-tion of the device. The security indicator light blinks whenever the The windshield wiper and washer operates when ignition switch is in the LOCK, OFF or ACC the ignition switch is in the ON position.CHANGES OR MODIFICATIONS NOT EX- position. This function indicates the NISSAN Ve-PRESSLY APPROVED BY THE MANUFAC- hicle Immobilizer System (NVIS) is operational. Push the lever down to operate the wiper at theTURER FOR COMPLIANCE COULD VOID following speed:THE USER’S AUTHORITY TO OPERATE If the NVIS is malfunctioning, the light will remainTHE EQUIPMENT. on while the ignition key is in the ON position. ᭺ 1 Intermittent — intermittent operation can be adjusted by turning the knob toward ᭺ A If the light still remains on and/or the en- (Slower) or ᭺ (Faster). B gine will not start, see a NISSAN dealer for NVIS service as soon as possible. Please ᭺ 2 Low — continuous low speed operation bring all NVIS keys that you have when visiting your NISSAN dealer for service. ᭺ 3 High — continuous high speed operation Push the lever up ᭺ to have one sweep opera- 4 tion of the wiper.2-20 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  95. REAR WINDOW WIPER AND WASHER SWITCHPull the lever toward you ᭺ to operate the 5 WARNINGwasher. The wiper will also operate several times. In freezing temperatures the washer solu- WARNING tion may freeze on the window and ob- scure your vision. Warm the rear windowIn freezing temperatures the washer solu- with the defroster before you wash thetion may freeze on the windshield and rear window.obscure your vision which may lead to anaccident. Warm the windshield with thedefroster before you wash the windshield. CAUTION ● Do not operate the washer continu- CAUTION ously for more than 30 seconds.● Do not operate the washer continu- ● Do not operate the washer if the reser- ously for more than 30 seconds. voir tank is empty. WIC0844 ● Do not fill the window washer reservoir● Do not operate the washer if the reser- voir tank is empty. The rear window wiper and washer operate when tank with washer fluid concentrates at the ignition switch is in the ON position. full strength. Some methyl alcohol● Do not fill the window washer reservoir based washer fluid concentrates may tank with washer fluid concentrates at full Turn the switch clockwise from the OFF position permanently stain the grille if spilled strength. Some methyl alcohol based to operate the wiper. while filling the window washer reser- washer fluid concentrates may perma- nently stain the grille if spilled while fill- ᭺ 1 Intermittent – intermittent operation (not ad- voir tank. ing the window washer reservoir tank. justable) ● Pre-mix washer fluid concentrates with water to the manufacturer’s recom-● Pre-mix washer fluid concentrates with ᭺ 2 On – continuous low speed operation mended levels before pouring the fluid water to the manufacturer’s recom- Push the switch forward ᭺ to operate the 3 into the window washer reservoir tank. mended levels before pouring the fluid washer. The wiper will also operate several times. Do not use the window washer reservoir into the window washer reservoir tank. tank to mix the washer fluid concen- Do not use the window washer reservoir trate and water. tank to mix the washer fluid concen- trate and water. Instruments and controls 2-21 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  96. REAR WINDOW AND OUTSIDE HEADLIGHT AND TURN SIGNALMIRROR (if so equipped) SWITCHDEFROSTER SWITCH LIC0783 LIC0706 LIC0688To defrost the rear window glass and outside Type A Type Bmirrors (if so equipped), start the engine and HEADLIGHT CONTROL SWITCH CAUTIONpush the rear window defroster switch on. Therear window defroster indicator light on the Lighting Use the headlights with the engine run-switch comes on. Push the switch again to turn ning to avoid discharging the vehiclethe defroster off. ᭺ 1 When turning the switch to the posi- battery. tion, the front parking, tail, license plate andThe rear window defroster automatically turns off instrument panel lights come on.after approximately 15 minutes. ᭺ 2 When turning the switch to the posi- CAUTION tion, the headlights come on and all the other lights remain on.When cleaning the inner side of the rearwindow, be careful not to scratch or dam-age the rear window defroster.2-22 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  97. Battery saver system If the parking brake is applied before the engine is started, the daytime running lights do not illumi- If the ignition switch is turned OFF while the nate. The daytime running lights illuminate when headlight switch is in the or posi- the parking brake is released. The daytime run- tion, the headlights will turn off after 5 minutes. ning lights will remain on until the ignition switch is turned off. After the headlights automatically turn off with the headlight switch in the or position, WARNING the headlights will illuminate again for 5 minutes if the headlight switch is moved to the OFF position When the daytime running light system is and then turned to the or position. active, tail lights on your vehicle are not on. It is necessary at dusk to turn on your CAUTION headlights. Failure to do so could cause an accident injuring yourself and others. Even though the battery saver feature au- WIC0859 tomatically turns off the headlights after aHeadlight beam select period of time, you should turn the head- light switch to the OFF position when the᭺1 To select the high beam function, push the engine is not running to avoid discharging lever forward. The high beam lights come on the vehicle battery. and the light illuminates. DAYTIME RUNNING LIGHT SYSTEM᭺2 Pull the lever back to select the low beam. (Canada only)᭺3 Pulling and releasing the lever flashes the The headlights automatically illuminate at a re- headlight high beams on and off. duced intensity when the engine is started with the parking brake released. The daytime running lights operate with the headlight switch in the OFF position or in the position. Turn the headlight switch to the position for full illumination when driving at night. Instruments and controls 2-23 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  98. LIC0759 WIC0860 WIC0861INSTRUMENT BRIGHTNESS TURN SIGNAL SWITCH FOG LIGHT SWITCH (if so equipped)CONTROL Turn signal To turn the fog lights on, turn the headlight switchThe instrument brightness control operates when to the position, then turn the fog lightthe headlight control switch is in the ᭺ 1 Move the lever up or down to signal the switch to the position. To turn them off, turning direction. When the turn is com- turn the fog light switch to the OFF position.or position. pleted, the turn signals cancel automatically.Turn the control to adjust the brightness of instru- The headlights must be on and the low beamsment panel lights when driving at night. Lane change signal selected for the fog lights to operate. The fog lights automatically turn off when the high beam ᭺ 2 To signal a lane change, move the lever up or headlights are selected. down to the point where the indicator light begins to flash, but the lever does not latch.2-24 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  99. HAZARD WARNING FLASHER HORNSWITCH ● Turn signals do not work when the haz- ard warning flasher lights are on. The flashers will operate with the ignition switch in any position. Some state laws may prohibit the use of the hazard warning flasher switch while driving. LIC0394 LIC0604Push the switch on to warn other drivers when To sound the horn, push the center pad area ofyou must stop or park under emergency condi- the steering wheel.tions. All turn signal lights flash. WARNING WARNING Do not disassemble the horn. Doing so● If stopping for an emergency, be sure to could affect proper operation of the move the vehicle well off the road. supplemental front air bag system. Tam- pering with the supplemental front air bag● Do not use the hazard warning flashers system may result in serious personal while moving on the highway unless injury. unusual circumstances force you to drive so slowly that your vehicle might become a hazard to other traffic. Instruments and controls 2-25 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  100. VEHICLE DYNAMIC CONTROL (VDC) HILL DESCENT CONTROL (HDC)OFF SWITCH (if so equipped) SWITCH (if so equipped) ● The hill descent control may not control the vehicle speed on a hill under all load or road conditions. Always be prepared to depress the brake pedal to control vehicle speed. Failure to do so may re- sult in a collision or serious personal injury. CAUTION When the hill descent control system op- erates continuously for a long time, the temperature of the brake pads may in- crease and the hill descent control system WIC0534 LIC0743 may be temporarily disabled (the indicatorThe vehicle should be driven with the Vehicle light will blink). If the indicator light does WARNING not come on continuously after blinking,Dynamic Control (VDC) system on for most driv-ing conditions. ● Never rely solely on the hill descent stop using the system.If the vehicle is stuck in mud or snow, the VDC control system to control vehicle speed The hill descent control system is designed tosystem reduces the engine output to reduce when driving on steep downhill grades. reduce driver workload when going down steepwheel spin. The engine speed will be reduced Always drive carefully when using the hills. The HDC system helps to control vehicleeven if the accelerator is depressed to the floor. If hill descent control system and decel- speed so the driver can concentrate on steeringmaximum engine power is needed to free a stuck erate the vehicle speed by depressing the vehicle.vehicle, turn the VDC system off. the brake pedal if necessary. Be espe- cially careful when driving on frozen, To activate the HDC system:To turn off the VDC system, push the VDC OFF muddy or extremely steep downhillswitch. The indicator will come on. ● the automatic transmission selector lever roads. Failure to control vehicle speed must be in forward or reverse gear,Push the VDC OFF switch again or restart the may result in a loss of control of theengine to turn ON the system. See “Vehicle dy- vehicle and possible serious injury or ● the 4WD switch must be in the 4L positionnamic control (VDC) system” in the “Starting and death. and the vehicle speed must be under 15driving” section. mph (25 km/h) or2-26 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  101. ELECTRONIC LOCKING REAR DIFFERENTIAL (E-Lock) SYSTEM SWITCH (if so equipped) ● the 4WD switch must be in the 4H position above are not met or the system becomes disen- and the vehicle speed must be under 21 gaged, the indicator light will continue to flash. mph (35 km/h), and The Anti-Lock Brake (ABS) system is disabled ● the HDC system switch must be ON. and the ABS light illuminates when the E-LockThe HDC indicator light will come on when the system is ON. Also, the Vehicle Dynamic Controlsystem is activated. Also, the stop/tail lights illu- (VDC) system is disabled and the VDC lightminate while the HDC system applies the brakes illuminates when the E-Lock system is ON.to control vehicle speed. See “Electronic locking rear differential (E-Lock)If the accelerator or brake pedal is depressed system” in the “Starting and Driving” section forwhile the HDC system is on, the system will stop further explanation and system limitations.operating temporarily. As soon as the acceleratoror brake pedal is released, the HDC system WARNINGbegins to function again if the HDC operating LIC0729 ● Never leave the E-Lock system ONconditions are fulfilled. The Electronic Locking Rear Differential (E-Lock) when driving on paved or hard-surfacedThe HDC indicator light blinks if the switch is on roads. Turning the vehicle may result in system can help provide added traction if theand all conditions for system activation are not the rear wheels slipping and result in an vehicle is stuck or becoming stuck.met or if the system becomes disengaged for any accident and personal injury. After us-reason. To activate the E-Lock system: ing the E-Lock system to free the ve- hicle, turn the system OFF.To turn off the HDC system, push the switch to ● the 4WD switch must be in the 4LO positionthe OFF position. (4-wheel drive vehicles),For additional information, see “Hill descent con- ● the vehicle must be stopped or moving at 4trol (HDC) system on indicator light” earlier in this mph (7 km/h) or less, andsection and “Hill descent control (HDC) system”in the “Starting and driving” section of this ● the E-Lock system switch must be turnedmanual. ON. When the E-Lock switch is initially turned ON, the indicator light will flash until the system en- gages. However, if all operation conditions listed Instruments and controls 2-27 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  102. CLUTCH INTERLOCK (clutch start) SWITCH (if so equipped)● Use the E-Lock system only when free- To use the clutch interlock switch: ing a stuck vehicle. Try the 4LO position 1. Set the parking brake. before using the E-Lock system. Never use the E-Lock system on a slippery 2. Depress the brake pedal with your right foot. road surface such as snow or ice sur- 3. Place the gear shift lever in the 1 position to face. Using the E-Lock system when move forward, or R to move backward. driving in these road conditions may cause unexpected movement of the ve- 4. Place your left foot on the brake pedal and hicle during engine braking, accelerat- release the parking brake. ing or turning, which may result in an 5. Turn the ignition switch to the ON position. accident and serious personal injury. 6. Press and release the clutch interlock CAUTION switch. The CANCEL light on the switch will illuminate.● After using the E-Lock system, turn the WIC0817 switch OFF to prevent possible damage 7. Turn the ignition to the START position to to driveline components from extended WARNING start the engine and, at the same time, de- use. press the accelerator pedal with your right Pay special attention to your surround- foot. As the vehicle begins to move, take● Do not drive over 12 MPH (20 km/h) ings when using the clutch interlock your left foot off the brake. Once the engine when the system is engaged. Doing so switch. The vehicle will move forward or has started, the clutch interlock switch could result in possible damage to the backward according to the gear selected. CANCEL light shuts off. Do not use the driveline. interlock switch to start the engine under The clutch interlock (clutch start) switch allows for starting the engine without depressing the normal driving conditions. clutch pedal. This feature helps you restart the engine if it stops under difficult conditions. (For example, the engine stops on a steep hill and a slight movement forward or backward might be dangerous.)2-28 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  103. POWER OUTLET LIC0880 LIC0761 LIC0862 Front row Center console Luggage areaThe power outlets are for powering electrical CAUTION ● Use power outlets with the engine run-accessories such as cellular telephones. ning to avoid discharging the vehicle ● The outlet and plug may be hot during battery.The bottom power outlet located on instrument or immediately after use.panel and the power outlet located in the cargo ● Avoid using power outlets when the airarea are powered directly by the vehicle’s battery. ● Only certain power outlets are designed conditioner, headlights or rear window for use with a cigarette lighter unit. Do defroster is on.The top power outlet located on the instrument not use any other power outlet for anpanel and the power outlet located inside the accessory lighter. See your NISSAN ● Before inserting or disconnecting acenter console are powered only when the igni- dealer for additional information. plug, be sure the electrical accessorytion key is in the ACC or ON position. being used is turned OFF. ● Do not use with accessories that ex-Open the cap to use a power outlet. ceed a 12 volt, 120W (10A) power draw. Do not use double adapters or more than one electrical accessory. Instruments and controls 2-29 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  104. STORAGE● Push the plug in as far as it will go. If good contact is not made, the plug may overheat or the internal temperature fuse may open.● When not in use, be sure to close the cap. Do not allow water to contact the outlet. LIC0764 LIC0818 Top center tray AT model STORAGE TRAYS WARNING Do not place sharp objects in the trays to help prevent injury in an accident or sud- den stop.2-30 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  105. LIC0819 LIC0766 WIC0881MT model (if so equipped) CONSOLE BOX GLOVE BOX To open the top portion of the glove box, push the WARNING latch ᭺ up and raise the lid. A The center console box should not be To open the lower portion of the glove box, pull used while driving so full attention may be the handle ᭺ down and lower the lid. B given to vehicle operation. Pull up on the lever ᭺ to open the console box lid 1 WARNING ᭺. 2 Keep glove box lid closed while driving to help prevent injury in an accident or a sudden stop. Instruments and controls 2-31 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  106. CAUTION ● Do not use for anything other than sunglasses. ● Do not leave sunglasses in the sun- glasses holder while parking in direct sunlight. The heat may damage the sunglasses. WIC0609 LIC0863SUNGLASSES HOLDER (if so MAP POCKETSequipped)To open the sunglasses holder, push and release. WARNING● The sunglasses holder should not be used while driving so full attention may be given to vehicle operation.● Keep the sunglasses holder closed while driving to prevent an accident.2-32 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  107. LIC0575 LIC0769 WIC0827SEAT POCKETS FrontA pocket is located on the back of the driver’s CUP HOLDERSseat (if so equipped). A small pocket is also The front cup holders have adapters that can belocated on the inboard side of the passenger’s removed to accommodate larger cups.seat. WARNING The cup holder should not be used while driving so full attention may be given to vehicle operation. Instruments and controls 2-33 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  108. CAUTION● Avoid abrupt starting and braking when the cup holder is being used to prevent spilling the drink. If the liquid is hot, it can scald you or your passenger.● Use only soft cups in the cup holder. Hard objects can injure you in an accident. WIC0771 LIC0864 2nd row (rear of front console) Bottle holder To open the 2nd row cup holders (rear of the front CAUTION console), lower the lid. To close, raise the lid. ● Do not use bottle holder for any other objects that could be thrown about in the vehicle and possibly injure people during sudden braking or an accident. ● Do not use bottle holder for open liquid containers.2-34 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  109. ● Never allow anyone to ride in the lug- gage area. It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area inside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. ● Do not allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and seat belts. ● Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a seat belt properly. LIC0865CARGO AREA STORAGE LUGGAGE HOOKSTo access the floor storage area, push down ᭺ 1 The luggage hooks can be used to secure cargoto raise the handle, then pull up on the handle ᭺ 2 with ropes or other types of straps.to lift the luggage board. WARNINGAttach the tether located on the inside of theluggage board to a ceiling hook to hold the lug- ● Properly secure all cargo with ropes orgage board up while accessing the storage area. straps to help prevent it from sliding or shifting. Do not place cargo higher than WARNING the seatbacks. In a sudden stop or col- lision, unsecured cargo could causeDo not drive with the luggage board teth- personal injury.ered to a ceiling hook. In a sudden stop orcollision, the luggage board could come ● Use suitable ropes and hooks to secureloose and cause personal injury. cargo. Instruments and controls 2-35 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  110. LTI0140 LTI0141Side finisher Floor hooksDo not apply a load of more than 110 lb (490 N) Do not apply a load of more than 110 lb (490 N)to a single hook. to a single hook.2-36 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  111. LIC0876 LIC0866 Cargo net (if so equipped) Right-hand luggage side netCARGO NETS The cargo nets help keep packages in the cargo The right-hand luggage side net is not removable. area from moving around while the vehicle is in WARNING motion. WARNING● Properly secure all cargo to help pre- To install the large cargo net (if so equipped), ● The cargo restrained in the luggage vent it from sliding or shifting. Do not attach the hooks to the retainers. side nets must not exceed 8.5 lb (3.9 kg) place cargo higher than the seatbacks. for each net or the net may not stay To remove the large cargo net, detach the hooks In a sudden stop or collision, unsecured secured. from the cargo net retainers. cargo could cause personal injury. ● Do not place sharp objects in the lug-● Be sure to secure all four hooks into the gage side nets. Such objects may be- retainers. The cargo restrained in the come dangerous projectiles and cause net must not exceed 30 lbs. (13.6 kg) or injury when the vehicle is moving or if the net may not stay secured. the vehicle is involved in a collision. Instruments and controls 2-37 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  112. LIC0867 Left-hand luggage side netsTo install the removable left-hand luggage sidenet ᭺, attach the net to the retainers. To remove, Adetach the net from the retainers.The smaller left-hand luggage side net is notremovable. WIC0868 ROOF RACK careful that your vehicle does not exceed the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) or the Always evenly distribute the cargo on the roof Gross Axle Weight Ratings (GAWR front and rack. The maximum total load including the rear). The GVWR and GAWR are located on the gear basket is 150 lb (68 kg) evenly distrib- F.M.V.S.S. label (located on the driver’s side door uted. The maximum total load for the gear jamb pillar). For more information regarding basket is 30 lb (13 kg) evenly distributed. Be GVWR and GAWR, refer to “Vehicle loading2-38 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  113. information” in the “Technical and consumer in- 5. Always check the tightness of the crossbarformation” section later in this manual. adjusting screws.The crossbars can be adjusted or removed. Use WARNINGthe Torxdriver provided in the tool kit to loosenboth crossbar adjusting screws. Properly secure all cargo with ropes or straps to help prevent it from sliding orTo adjust: shifting. In a sudden stop or collision, un- 1. Loosen the adjusting screws with the secured cargo could cause personal Torxdriver ᭺ by turning counterclockwise 1 injury. ᭺. A CAUTION 2. When the clamp is loosened, move the crossbar so the cargo can be positioned on ● Use care when placing or removing items from the roof rack. If you cannot the crossbar ᭺. B comfortably lift the items onto the roof 3. Tighten the crossbar adjusting screws with rack from the ground, use a ladder or the Torxdriver by turning clockwise. stool. 4. Secure the cargo with rope. ● Do not place items on top of the gear basket lid. Doing so could damage the 5. Always check the tightness of the crossbar lid. adjusting screws.To remove: 1. Loosen the adjusting screws with the Torxdriver ᭺ by turning counterclockwise 1 ᭺. A 2. Rotate the clamps ᭺. C 3. Remove the crossbar. 4. Reverse to install. Instruments and controls 2-39 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  114. LIC0869 LIC0870To open the gear basket lid: To remove the gear basket assembly: WARNING᭺1 Turn the handle counterclockwise. The lid should be closed and locked when 1. Open the lid.᭺2 Raise the lid. driving. 2. Loosen the 4 Torxா head fasteners with a Torxdriver by turning counterclockwise ᭺. ANOTE: 3. Lift the gear basket to remove it ᭺. BCargo in the gear basket must fit with thelid closed. The maximum total load for the 4. Reverse to reinstall.gear basket is 30 lb (13 kg) evenly distrib- 5. Always check the tightness of the gear bas-uted. Do not force the lid closed. ket fasteners.2-40 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  115. WINDOWSPOWER WINDOWS (if so equipped) WARNING● Make sure that all passengers have their hands, etc. inside the vehicle while it is in motion and before closing the windows. Use the window lock switch to prevent unexpected use of the power windows.● Do not leave children unattended inside the vehicle. They could unknowingly ac- tivate switches or controls and become trapped in a window. Unattended chil- dren could become involved in serious WIC0872 WIC0873 accidents. 1. Window lock button Front passenger power window switchThe power windows operate when the ignition 2. Power door lock switch The passenger window switch operates only theswitch is in the ON position, or for about 45 3. Front passenger side window switch corresponding passenger window. To open theseconds after the ignition switch is turned to the 4. Right rear passenger window switch window, push the switch and hold it down ᭺. To 1OFF position. If the driver’s or passenger’s door 5. Left rear passenger window switch close the window, pull the switch up ᭺. 2is opened during this period of about 45 sec- 6. Driver side window switchonds, power to the windows is canceled. Driver’s side power window switch The driver’s side control panel is equipped with switches to open or close the front and rear passenger windows. To open a window, push the switch and hold it down. To close a window, pull the switch and hold it up. To stop the opening or closing function at any time, simply release the switch. Instruments and controls 2-41 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  116. WIC0874 LIC0410 WIC0263Rear power window switch Automatic operation MANUAL WINDOWSThe rear passenger window switches open or To fully open a window equipped with automatic The side windows can be opened or closed byclose only the corresponding passenger window. operation, press the window switch down to the turning the hand crank on each door.To open the window, push the switch and hold it second detent and release it; it need not be held.down ᭺. To close the window, pull the switch up 1 The window automatically opens all the way. To᭺. 2 stop the window, lift the switch up while the window is opening.Locking passengers’ windowsWhen the window lock button is depressed, onlythe driver side window can be opened or closed.Push it again to cancel the window lock function.2-42 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  117. INTERIOR LIGHTS The lights will turn off while the 30 second timer is activated when: ● The driver’s door is locked by the keyfob, a key, or the power door lock switch. ● The ignition switch is turned ON. The lights will turn off automatically after 30 min- utes while doors are open to prevent the battery from becoming discharged. When the switch is in the OFF position ᭺, the 3 interior lights do not illuminate, regardless of door position. LIC0792 WIC0879 CAUTION Type A Type B Do not use for extended periods of time When the switch is in the O position ᭺, the 2 with the engine stopped. This could resultThe interior lights have a three-position switch interior lights will stay on for about 30 seconds in a discharged battery.and operate regardless of ignition switch posi- when:tion. ● The doors are unlocked by the keyfob, a keyWhen the switch is in the ON position ᭺, the 1 or the power door lock switch while all doorsinterior lights illuminate, regardless of door posi- are closed and the ignition switch is in thetion. The lights will go off after about 30 minutes OFF position.unless the ignition key is in the ACC or ONposition. ● The driver’s door is opened and then closed while the key is removed from the ignition switch. ● The key is removed from the ignition switch while all doors are closed. Instruments and controls 2-43 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  118. MAP LIGHTS CARGO LIGHT LIC0790 LIC0590To turn the map lights on, press the switches. To The cargo light on the overhead trim has a three-turn them off, press the switches again. position switch. To operate, push the switch to the desired position. CAUTION ON: The light is illuminated.Do not use for extended periods of time Normal (center) position: The light illuminateswith the engine stopped. This could result when the back door is opened. The light turns offin a discharged battery. when the back door is closed. OFF: The light does not illuminate regardless of door position or lock status.2-44 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  119. 3 Pre-driving checks and adjustmentsKeys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2 Back door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9 NISSAN vehicle immobilizer system (NVIS) Fuel filler lid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9 keys (if so equipped). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2 Opening the fuel filler lid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 Fuel filler cap. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10 Locking with key. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 Steering wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11 Locking with inside lock knob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4 Tilt operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11 Locking with power door lock switch (if so Sun visors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11 equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4 Vanity mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12 Child safety rear door lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12Remote keyless entry system (if so equipped). . . . . . . . . 3-5 How to use remote keyless entry system . . . . . . . . . . 3-6 Inside mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12Hood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8 Outside mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  120. KEYS A key number is only necessary when you have cess, these components will only recognize keys lost all keys and do not have one to duplicate coded into the NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer Sys- from. If you still have a key, your NISSAN dealer tem (NVIS) during registration. Any key that is not can duplicate it. given to your dealer at the time of registration will no longer be able to start your vehicle. NISSAN VEHICLE IMMOBILIZER Do not allow the immobilizer system key, which SYSTEM (NVIS) KEYS (if so contains an electrical transponder, to come into equipped) contact with salt water. This could affect system You can only drive your vehicle using the master function. or valet keys which are registered to the NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer System components in your vehicle. These keys have a transponder chip in the key head. WPD0128 The master key can be used for all the locks.1. Two master keys (black) with transpon- To protect belongings when you leave a key with der chip and chrome NISSAN brand someone, give them the valet key only. symbol on one side Never leave these keys in the vehicle.2. Valet key (black) with transponder chip3. Key number plate Additional or replacement keys:4. Transponder chip If you still have a key, the key number is notA key number plate is supplied with your keys. necessary when you need extra NISSAN VehicleRecord the key number and keep it in a safe place Immobilizer System keys. Your dealer can dupli-(such as your wallet), not in the vehicle. If you lose cate your existing key. As many as five NVIS keysyour keys, see a NISSAN dealer for duplicates by can be used with one vehicle. You should bring allusing the key number. NISSAN does not record NVIS keys that you have to your NISSAN dealerkey numbers so it is very important to keep track for registration. This is because the registrationof your key number plate. process will erase the memory of all key codes previously registered into the NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer System. After the registration pro-3-2 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  121. DOORS WARNING● Always have the doors locked while driving. Along with the use of seat belts, this provides greater safety in the event of an accident by helping to prevent persons from being thrown from the vehicle. This also helps keep children and others from unintentionally open- ing the doors, and will help keep out intruders.● Before opening any door, always look for and avoid oncoming traffic.● Do not leave children unattended inside WPD0311 LPD0240 the vehicle. They could unknowingly ac- Driver’s side tivate switches or controls. Unattended Power (if so equipped) children could become involved in seri- LOCKING WITH KEY The power door lock system allows you to lock or ous accidents. Manual unlock all doors at the same time. To lock a door, turn the key toward the front of the Turning the key toward the front ᭺ of the vehicle 1 vehicle ᭺. To unlock, turn the key toward the rear 1 locks all doors. ᭺. 2 Turning the key one time toward the rear ᭺ of the 2 vehicle unlocks that door. From that position, returning the key to neutral ᭺ (where the key can 3 only be removed and inserted) and turning it toward the rear again within 5 seconds unlocks all doors ᭺. 4 Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  122. Lockout protection When the power door lock switch (driver’s or front passenger’s side) is moved to the lock position with the key in the ignition and any door open, all doors will lock and unlock automatically. This helps to prevent the keys from being acci- dently locked inside the vehicle. LPD0320 LPD0183 Inside lock Door lock switchLOCKING WITH INSIDE LOCK LOCKING WITH POWER DOORKNOB LOCK SWITCH (if so equipped)To lock the door without the key, move the inside To lock all the doors without a key, push the doorlock knob to the lock position ᭺, then close the 1 lock switch (driver’s or front passenger’s side) todoor. the lock position ᭺. When locking the door this 1To unlock the door without the key, move the way, be certain not to leave the key inside theinside lock knob to the unlock position ᭺. 2 vehicle. To unlock all the doors without a key, push the door lock switch (driver’s or front passenger’s side) to the unlock position ᭺. 23-4 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  123. REMOTE KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM (if so equipped) It is possible to lock/unlock all doors, turn the ● Do not strike the keyfob sharply against interior lights on, and activate the panic alarm by another object. using the keyfob from outside the vehicle. ● Do not place the keyfob for an extended Be sure to remove the key from the vehicle period in an area where temperatures before locking the doors. exceed 140°F (60°C). The keyfob can operate at a distance of approxi- If a keyfob is lost or stolen, NISSAN rec- mately 33 ft (10 m) from the vehicle. The effective ommends erasing the ID code of that key- distance depends on the conditions around the fob. This will prevent the keyfob from un- vehicle. authorized use to unlock the vehicle. For information regarding the erasing proce- As many as 5 keyfobs can be used with one dure, please contact a NISSAN dealer. vehicle. For information concerning the purchase and use of additional keyfobs, contact a NISSAN WPD0321 dealer.CHILD SAFETY REAR DOOR LOCK The keyfob will not function when:Child safety locks help prevent the rear doors ● the battery is dischargedfrom being opened accidentally, especially whensmall children are in the vehicle. ● the distance between the vehicle and the keyfob is over 33 ft (10 m)The child safety lock levers are located on theedge of the rear doors. The panic alarm will not activate when the key is in the ignition switch.When the lever is in the lock position, thedoor can be opened only from the outside. CAUTION Listed below are conditions or occur- rences which will damage the keyfob: ● Do not allow the keyfob to become wet. ● Do not drop the keyfob. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  124. flash twice and the horn beeps once as a reminder that the doors are already locked. ● If a door is open and you push the button, the doors will lock but the horn will not beep and the hazard lights will not flash. The horn may or may not beep. Refer to “Silenc- ing the horn beep feature” later in this section for details. LPD0209 LPD0210HOW TO USE REMOTE KEYLESS Unlocking doorsENTRY SYSTEM Push the button on the keyfob once.Locking doors ● Only the driver’s door unlocks. 1. Close all windows. ● The hazard warning lights flash once if all doors are completely closed with the ignition 2. Remove the key from the ignition switch. key in any position except the ON position. 3. Close the hood and all doors. ● The interior lights illuminate for 30 seconds 4. Push the button on the keyfob. All when the interior light switch is in the normal the doors lock. The hazard warning lights operation position. flash twice and the horn beeps once to indicate all doors are locked. ● When the button is pushed with all doors locked, the hazard warning lights3-6 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  125. Push the button on the keyfob again within5 seconds. ● All doors unlock. ● The hazard warning lights flash once if all doors are completely closed.The interior lights can be turned off without wait-ing 30 seconds by inserting the key into theignition and turning to the ON or START position,locking the doors with the keyfob or pushing theinterior light switch to the OFF position.Auto relockWhen the button on the keyfob is pushed, LPD0211 LPD0262all doors will lock automatically within 1 minuteunless one of the following operations is per- Using the panic alarm Silencing the horn beep featureformed: If you are near your vehicle and feel threatened, If desired, the horn beep feature can be deacti- ● Any door is opened. you may activate the panic alarm to call attention vated using the keyfob. by pushing and holding the button on the ● A key is inserted into the ignition switch and keyfob for longer than 0.5 second. To deactivate: Press and hold the the key is turned from OFF to ON. and buttons for at least 2 seconds. The panic alarm and headlights will stay on for 25 seconds. The hazard warning lights will flash three times to confirm that the horn beep feature has been The panic alarm stops when: deactivated. ● it has run for 25 seconds, or To activate: Press and hold the ● any button is pushed on the keyfob. and buttons for at least 2 seconds once more. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  126. HOODThe hazard warning lights will flash once and the WARNINGhorn will sound once to confirm that the hornbeep feature has been reactivated. ● Make sure the hood is completely closed and latched before driving. Fail-Deactivating the horn beep feature does not si- ure to do so could cause the hood to flylence the horn if the alarm is triggered. open and result in an accident.Using the interior lights ● If you see steam or smoke coming fromPush the button on the keyfob once to turn the engine compartment, to avoid injuryon the interior lights. do not open the hood.For additional information, refer to “Interior lights”in the “Instruments and controls” section earlier inthis manual. LPD0302 ᭺ 1 Pull the hood lock release handle located below the driver side instrument panel. The hood will spring up slightly. ᭺ 2 Push the lever at the front of the hood to the side as illustrated with your fingertips and raise the hood. ᭺ 3 Insert the support rod into the slot on the underside of the hood. When closing the hood, lower it slowly and make sure it locks into place.3-8 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  127. BACK DOOR FUEL FILLER LID WARNING● Always be sure the back door has been closed securely to prevent it from open- ing while driving.● Do not drive with the back door open. This could allow dangerous exhaust gases to be drawn into the vehicle. See “Exhaust gas” in the “Starting and driv- ing” section of this manual.● Make sure that all passengers have their hands, etc. inside the vehicle be- fore closing the back door. LPD0322 LPD0303 The power door lock system allows you to lock or OPENING THE FUEL FILLER LID unlock all doors including the back door simulta- neously. Push the lid to open. To open the back door, pull up on the handle. To close, lower and push the back door down securely. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  128. WARNING ● Do not fill a portable fuel container in the vehicle or trailer. Static electricity ● Gasoline is extremely flammable and can cause an explosion of flammable highly explosive under certain condi- liquid, vapor or gas in any vehicle or tions. You could be burned or seriously trailer. To reduce the risk of serious injured if it is misused or mishandled. injury or death when filling portable fuel Always stop the engine and do not containers: smoke or allow open flames or sparks near the vehicle when refueling. – Always place the container on the ground when filling. ● Fuel may be under pressure. Turn the cap a third of a turn, and wait for any – Do not use electronic devices when “hissing” sound to stop to prevent fuel filling. from spraying out and possibly causing – Keep the pump nozzle in contact personal injury. Then remove the cap. with the container while you are fill- LPD0323 ● Do not attempt to top off the fuel tank ing it.FUEL FILLER CAP after the fuel pump nozzle shuts off – Use only approved portable fuel con-The fuel filler cap is a ratcheting type. Turn the automatically. Continued refueling may tainers for flammable liquid. cause fuel overflow, resulting in fuelcap counterclockwise to remove. To tighten, turn spray and possibly a fire.the cap clockwise until ratcheting clicks are CAUTIONheard. ● Use only an original equipment type fuel filler cap as a replacement. It has a ● If fuel is spilled on the vehicle body,Put the fuel filler cap on the cap holder ᭺ while 1 built-in safety valve needed for proper flush it away with water to avoid paintrefueling. operation of the fuel system and emis- damage. sion control system. An incorrect cap can result in a serious malfunction and possible injury. It could also cause the malfunction indicator lamp to come on. ● Never pour fuel into the throttle body to attempt to start your vehicle.3-10 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  129. STEERING WHEEL SUN VISORS● Tighten until the fuel filler cap clicks. Failure to tighten the fuel filler cap properly may cause the mal- function indicator lamp (MIL) to illumi- nate. If the lamp illuminates be- cause the fuel filler cap is loose or missing, tighten or install the cap and continue to drive the vehicle. The lamp should turn off after a few driving trips. If the lamp does not turn off after a few driving trips, have the vehicle inspected by a LPD0304 NISSAN dealer. TILT OPERATION● For additional information, see the “Malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)” in Pull the lock lever forward and hold it to adjust the the “Instruments and Controls” section steering wheel up or down to the desired posi- earlier in this manual. tion. Release the lock lever to lock the steering wheel in place. WPD0315 WARNING Do not adjust the steering wheel while ᭺1 To block glare from the front, swing down the main sun visor. driving. You could lose control of your vehicle and cause an accident. ᭺ 2 To block glare from the side, remove the main sun visor from the center mount and swing the visor to the side. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  130. MIRRORS᭺3 Slide the extension sun visor (if so equipped) in or out as needed. CAUTION● Do not store the sun visor before return- ing the extension to its original position.● Do not pull the extension sun visor forc- edly downward. WPD0307 WPD0126 VANITY MIRRORS INSIDE MIRROR To access the vanity mirror, pull the sun visor The night position ᭺ reduces glare from the 1 down and flip open the mirror cover. Some vanity headlights of vehicles behind you at night. mirrors are illuminated and turn on when the Use the day position ᭺ when driving in daylight 2 mirror cover is open. hours. WARNING Use the night position only when neces- sary, because it reduces rear view clarity.3-12 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  131. OUTSIDE MIRRORS WARNING● Objects viewed in the outside mirror on the passenger side are closer than they appear. Be careful when moving to the right. Using only this mirror could cause an accident. Use the inside mirror or glance over your shoulder to properly judge distances to other objects.● Do not adjust the mirrors while driving. You could lose control of your vehicle and cause an accident. LPD0237 WPD0170 Electric control type (if so equipped) Manual control type The outside mirror remote control will operate The outside mirror can be moved in any direction only when the ignition switch is in the ACC or ON for a better rear view. position. Heated mirrors (if so equipped) Move the small switch ᭺ to select the right or left 1 mirror. Adjust each mirror to the desired position Some outside mirrors can be heated to defrost, using the large switch ᭺.2 defog, or de-ice for improved visibility. For addi- tional information, see “Rear window and outside mirror (if so equipped) defroster switch” in the “Instrument and controls” section of this manual. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  132. LPD0259Foldable outside mirrorsPull the outside mirror toward the door to fold it.3-14 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  133. 4 Heater, air conditioner and audiosystemsVentilators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 Satellite radio reception (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . 4-10Heater and air conditioner (manual). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 Audio operation precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11 Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3 FM-AM radio with compact disc (CD) player Heater operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16 Air conditioner operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5 FM-AM-SAT radio with compact disc (CD) Air flow charts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6 changer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20Servicing air conditioner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9 CD care and cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25Audio system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10 Steering wheel switch for audio control Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25 FM radio reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10 Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26 AM radio reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10 Car phone or CB radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  134. VENTILATORS HEATER AND AIR CONDITIONER (manual) WARNING ● The air conditioner cooling function op- erates only when the engine is running. ● Do not leave children or adults who would normally require the assistance of others alone in your vehicle. Pets should also not be left alone. They could accidentally injure themselves or others through inadvertent operation of the vehicle. Also, on hot, sunny days, temperatures in a closed vehicle could quickly become high enough to cause severe or possibly fatal injuries to LHA0534 people or animals.Adjust air flow direction for the driver’s and pas- ● Do not use the recirculation mode forsenger’s side windows᭺, driver and passen- 1 long periods as it may cause the interiorger᭺, or center᭺ ventilators by moving the 2 3 air to become stale and the windows toventilator slide and/or ventilator assemblies. fog up. ● Positioning of the heater and/or air conditioner controls should not be done while driving so full attention may be given to vehicle operation.4-2 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  135. — Air flows from defroster outlets and the front and rear floor outlets. — Air flows mainly from defroster outlets. The air flow control dial also has intermediate positions which allow the air flow to be distrib- uted between 2 of the icon positions on the air flow control dial. Temperature control dial The temperature control dial allows you to adjust the temperature of the outlet air. To lower the LHA0489 temperature, turn the dial to the left. To increase1. Fan control dial Air flow control dial the temperature, turn the dial to the right.2. Temperature control dial3. Air flow control dial The air flow control dial allows you to select the Air recirculation button air flow outlets.4. Air conditioner button ON position:5. Rear window defrost button MAX — Air flows from center and side Push the air recirculation button to recir-6. Air recirculation button A/C vents with maximum cooling (air culate air inside the vehicle. The indicator light on conditioning). the button will come on.CONTROLS — Air flows from center and side Push the button to the on position:Fan control dial ventilators. — Air flows from center and side ● when driving on a dusty road.The fan control dial turns the fan on and off, and ventilators and the front and rear ● to prevent traffic fumes from entering pas-controls fan speed. floor outlets. senger compartment. — Air flows mainly from the front and ● for maximum cooling when using the air con- rear floor outlets. ditioner. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  136. OFF position: HEATER OPERATION 4. Turn the temperature control dial to the de-Push the air recirculation button again to Heating sired position.turn air recirculation off. The indicator light onthe button will turn off. Outside air is drawn This mode is used to direct heated air to the foot Defrosting or defogginginto the passenger compartment and distributed outlets. Some air also flows from the defrost This mode directs the air to the defrost outlets tothrough the selected outlet. outlets. defrost/defog the windows.Use the off position for normal heater or air con- 1. Push the button to the OFF position 1. Turn the air flow control dial to theditioner operation. for normal heating. The indicator light on position. Air conditioner button the button will go off. 2. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi-Start the engine, turn the fan control dial to the 2. Turn the air flow control dial to the tion.desired (1 to 4) position and push the position. 3. Turn the temperature control dial to the de-button to turn on the air conditioner. The indicator 3. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi-light on the button will come on. Push sired position between the middle and the tion. hot position.the button again to turn off the air condi-tioner. The indicator light on the button will 4. Turn the temperature control dial to the de- ● To quickly remove ice or fog from the win-go off. sired position between the middle and the dows, turn the fan control dial to 4 and the hot position. temperature control lever to the full HOTThe air conditioner cooling function oper-ates only when the engine is running. Ventilation position. ● When the position is selected, the airRear window defroster switch This mode directs outside air to the side and conditioner automatically turns on (however, center ventilators.For more information about the rear window de- the indicator light will not illuminate) if thefroster switch, see “Rear window and outside 1. Push the button to the OFF position. outside temperature is more than 36°Fmirror (if so equipped) defroster switch” in the The indicator light on the button will (2°C). The air conditioning system will con-“Instruments and controls” section of this manual. go off. tinue to operate until the fan control dial is turned to OFF or the vehicle is shut off, even 2. Turn the air flow control dial to the if the air flow control dial is turned to a position. position other than the position. This 3. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- dehumidifies the air which helps defog the tion. windshield. The mode automatically4-4 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  137. turns off, allowing outside air to be drawn 3. Turn the temperature control dial to the de- AIR CONDITIONER OPERATION into the passenger compartment to further sired position between the middle and the improve the defogging performance. hot position. Start the engine, turn the fan control dial to the desired position, and push in the button toBi-level heating ● When the position is selected, the air activate the air conditioner. When the air condi- conditioner automatically turns on (however, tioner is on, cooling and dehumidifying functionsThe bi-level mode directs warmed air to the side the indicator light on the button will are added to the heater operation.and center vents and to the front and rear floor not come on) if the outside temperature isoutlets. more than 36°F (2°C). If in defrost mode for The air conditioner cooling function oper- more than one minute, the air conditioning ates only when the engine is running. 1. Push the button to the OFF position. system will continue to operate until the fan The indicator light on the button will control dial is turned to OFF or the vehicle is Cooling go off. shut off, even if the air flow control dial is This mode is used to cool and dehumidify the air. 2. Turn the air flow control dial to the turned to a position other than the position. position. This dehumidifies the air which 1. Push the button to the off position. helps defog the windshield. The 3. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- mode automatically turns off, allowing out- 2. Turn the air flow control dial to the tion. side air to be drawn into the passenger position. compartment to further improve the defog- 3. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- 4. Turn the temperature control dial to the de- ging performance. sired position. tion. Operating tips 4. Push the button. The indicator lightHeating and defogging Clear snow and ice from the wiper blades comes on.This mode heats the interior and defogs the wind- and air inlet in front of the windshield. This 5. Turn the temperature control dial to the de-shield. improves heater operation. sired position. 1. Turn the air flow control dial to the ● For quick cooling when the outside tem- position. perature is high, push the button to 2. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- the on position (indicator light on). Be sure tion. to return the button to the off position for normal cooling. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  138. Dehumidified defogging Operating tips AIR FLOW CHARTSThis mode is used to defog the windows and ● Keep the windows closed while the air con- The following charts show the button and dialdehumidify the air. ditioner is in operation. positions for MAXIMUM AND QUICK heating, cooling or defrosting. For additional information 1. Turn the air flow control dial to the ● After parking in the sun, drive for 2 or 3 on heating and cooling see “Heater and air con- position. minutes with the windows open to vent hot ditioner” in this section”. The air recirculation air from the passenger compartment. Then, 2. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- ( ) button should always be in the OFF close the windows. This allows the air con- tion. position for heating and defrosting. ditioner to cool the interior more quickly. 3. Push the button. The indicator light ● The air conditioning system should be comes on. operated for approximately 10 minutesWhen the , or positions in between at least once a month. This helps pre-are selected, the air conditioner automatically vent damage to the system due to lackturns on (however, the indicator light will not of lubrication.illuminate) if the outside temperature is more than ● If the engine coolant temperature36°F (2°C). The air conditioning system will con- gauge indicates engine coolant tem-tinue to operate until the fan control dial is turned perature over the normal range, turnto OFF or the vehicle is shut off, even if the air flow the air conditioner off. See “If yourcontrol dial is turned to a position other than vehicle overheats” in the “In case ofthe position. This dehumidifies the air emergency” section of this manual.which helps defog the windshield. Themode automatically turns off, allowing outside airto be drawn into the passenger compartment tofurther improve the defogging performance. 4. Turn the temperature control dial to the de- sired position.4-6 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  139. LHA0529 LHA0530 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  140. LHA0531 LHA05324-8 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  141. SERVICING AIR CONDITIONER The air conditioner system in your NISSAN ve- hicle is charged with a refrigerant designed with the environment in mind. This refrigerant does not harm the earth’s ozone layer. Special charging equipment and lubricant is re- quired when servicing your NISSAN air condi- tioner. Using improper refrigerants or lubricants will cause severe damage to your air conditioner system. See “Air conditioner system refrigerant and lubricant recommendations” in the “Techni- cal and consumer information” section of this manual. A NISSAN dealer is able to service your “environ- mentally friendly” air conditioning system. WARNING The air conditioner system contains re- frigerant under high pressure. To avoid personal injury, any air conditioner ser- vice should be done only by an experi- enced technician with proper equipment.LHA0533 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  142. AUDIO SYSTEMRADIO Reception conditions will constantly change be- Multipath reception: Because of the reflective cause of vehicle movement. Buildings, terrain, characteristics of FM signals, direct and reflectedTurn the ignition key to the ACC or ON position signal distance and interference from other ve- signals reach the receiver at the same time. Theand press the PWR (power)/VOL (volume) knob hicles can work against ideal reception. De- signals may cancel each other, resulting in mo-to turn the radio on. If you listen to the radio with scribed below are some of the factors that can mentary flutter or loss of sound.the engine not running, the key should be turned affect your radio reception.to the ACC position. AM RADIO RECEPTION FM RADIO RECEPTIONRadio reception is affected by station signal AM signals, because of their low frequency, canstrength, distance from radio transmitter, build- Range: FM range is normally limited to 25 – 30 bend around objects and skip along the ground.ings, bridges, mountains and other external influ- miles (40 – 48 km), with monaural (single chan- In addition, the signals can be bounced off theences. Intermittent changes in reception quality nel) FM having slightly more range than stereo ionosphere and bent back to earth. Because ofnormally are caused by these external influences. FM. External influences may sometimes interfere these characteristics, AM signals are also sub- with FM station reception even if the FM station is ject to interference as they travel from transmitterUsing a cellular phone in or near the ve- within 25 miles (40 km). The strength of the FM to receiver.hicle may influence radio reception quality. signal is directly related to the distance between Fading: Occurs while the vehicle is passingRadio reception the transmitter and receiver. FM signals follow a through freeway underpasses or in areas with line-of-sight path, exhibiting many of the sameYour NISSAN radio system is equipped with many tall buildings. It can also occur for several characteristics as light. For example they willstate-of-the-art electronic circuits to enhance ra- seconds during ionospheric turbulence even in reflect off objects.dio reception. These circuits are designed to areas where no obstacles exist.extend reception range, and to enhance the qual- Fade and drift: As your vehicle moves away from Static: Caused by thunderstorms, electricality of that reception. a station transmitter, the signals will tend to fade power lines, electric signs and even traffic lights. and/or drift.However there are some general characteristics Static and flutter: During signal interference from SATELLITE RADIO RECEPTION (if soof both FM and AM radio signals that can affectradio reception quality in a moving vehicle, even buildings, large hills or due to antenna position equipped)when the finest equipment is used. These char- (usually in conjunction with increased distance When the satellite radio is first installed or theacteristics are completely normal in a given re- from the station transmitter) static or flutter can battery has been replaced, the satellite radio mayception area, and do not indicate any malfunction be heard. This can be reduced by adjusting the not work properly. This is not a malfunction. Waitin your NISSAN radio system. treble control to reduce treble response. more than 10 minutes with satellite radio ON and4-10 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  143. the vehicle outside of any metal or large building ● During cold weather or rainy days, thefor satellite radio to receive all of the necessary player may malfunction due to the hu-data. midity. If this occurs, remove the CD and dehumidify or ventilate the playerNo satellite radio reception is available and “NO completely.SAT” is displayed when the SAT band option isselected unless optional satellite receiver and ● The player may skip while driving onantenna are installed and an XMா or SIRIUS™ rough roads.satellite radio service subscription is active. ● The CD player sometimes cannot func-Satellite radio performance may be affected if tion when the compartment tempera-cargo carried on the roof blocks the satellite radio ture is extremely high. Decrease thesignal. temperature before use.If possible, do not put cargo over the satellite ● Do not expose the CD to direct sun-antenna. light. ● CDs that are in poor condition or are dirty, scratched or covered with finger- prints may not work properly. ● The following CDs may not work prop- erly: ● Copy control compact discs (CCCD) ● Recordable compact discs (CD-R) LHA0099 ● Rewritable compact discs (CD-RW) AUDIO OPERATION PRECAUTIONS Compact disc (CD) player ● Only use high quality 4.7 inches (12 cm) round discs that have the “COMPACT disc DIGITAL AUDIO” logo on the disc or packaging. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  144. ● Do not use the following CDs as they UNPLAYABLE: ● ID3 tag — The ID3 tag is the part of the may cause the CD player to malfunc- encoded MP3 file that contains information The file is unplayable in this audio sys- about the digital music file such as song title, tion: tem (only MP3 CD). artist, album title, encoding bit rate, track ● 3.1 in (8 cm) discs with an adapter time duration, etc. ID3 tag information is Compact Disc with MP3 ● CDs that are not round displayed on the Album/Artist/Track title line Terms: on the display. ● CDs with a paper label ● MP3 — MP3 is short for Moving Pictures ● CDs that are warped, scratched, or Experts Group Audio Layer 3. MP3 is the have abnormal edges most well-known compressed digital audio ● This audio system can only play pre- file format. This format allows for near “CD recorded CDs. It has no capability to quality” sound, but at a fraction of the size of record or burn CDs. normal audio files. MP3 conversion of an ● If the CD cannot be played, one of the audio track from CD-ROM can reduce the following messages will be displayed. file size by approximately a 10:1 ratio with virtually no perceptible loss in quality. MP3 CHECK DISC: compression removes the redundant and ● Confirm that the CD is inserted cor- irrelevant parts of a sound signal that the rectly (the label side is facing up, human ear doesn’t hear. etc.). ● Bit rate — Bit rate denotes the number of ● Confirm that the CD is not bent or bits per second used by a digital music file. warped and it is free of scratches. The size and quality of a compressed digital PUSH EJECT: audio file is determined by the bit rate used when encoding the file. This is an error due to excessive tem- perature inside the player. Remove the ● Sampling frequency — Sampling frequency CD by pushing the EJECT button. After is the rate at which the samples of a signal a short time, reinsert the CD. The CD are converted from analog to digital (A/D can be played when the temperature of conversion) per second. the player returns to normal.4-12 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  145. Playback order: Playback order of the CD with compressed files (MP3) is as illustrated above. ● The names of folders not containing MP3 files are not shown in the display. ● If there is a file in the top level of the disc, “ROOT” is displayed. ● The playback order is the order in which the files were written by the writing software. Therefore, the files might not play in the desired order.WHA0543 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  146. Specification chart: Supported media CD, CD-R, CD-RW ISO9660 LEVEL1, ISO9660 LEVEL2, Supported file systems Romeo, Joliet * ISO9660 Level 3 (packet writing) is not supported. Version MPEG1, MPEG2, MPEG2.5 Supported versions* MP3 Sampling frequency 8 kHz - 48 kHz Bit rate 8 kbps - 320 kbps, VBR ID3 tag VER1.0, VER1.1, VER2.2, Tag information VER2.3 (MP3 only) Folder levels: 8, Max folders: 255 (in- Folder levels cluding root folder), Files: 512 Text character number limitation 31 characters 01: ASCII, 02: ISO-8859-1, 03: UNI- CODE (UTF-16 BOM Big Endian), 04: UNICODE (UTF-16 Non-BOM Displayable character codes Big Endian), 05: (UTF-8), 06: UNI- CODE (Non-UTF-16 BOM Little En- dian)*Files created with a combination of 48 kHz sampling frequency and 64 kbps bit rate cannot be played.4-14 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  147. Troubleshooting guide: Symptom Cause and Countermeasure Check if the disc was inserted correctly. Check if the disc is scratched or dirty. Check if there is condensation inside the player. If there is, wait until the con- densation is gone (about 1 hour) before using the player.Cannot play If there is a temperature increase error, the CD player will play correctly after it returns to the normal temperature. Files with extensions other than “.MP3”, or “.mp3” cannot be played. In addition, the character codes and number of characters for folder names and file names should be in compliance with the specifications. Check if the disc is scratched or dirty.Poor sound quality Bit rate may be too low. If there are many folders or file levels on the MP3 disc, or if it is a multisessionIt takes a relatively long time before the music starts playing. disc, some time may be required before the music starts playing. The writing software and hardware combination might not match, or the writingMusic cuts off or skips speed, writing depth, writing width, etc., might not match the specifications. Try using the slowest writing speed.Skipping with high bit rate files Skipping may occur with large quantities of data, such as for high bit rate data. When a non-MP3 file has been given an extension of “.MP3” or “.mp3”, orMoves immediately to the next song when playing when play is prohibited by copyright protection, there will be approximately 5 seconds of no sound and then the player will skip to the next song. The playback order is the order in which the files were written by the writingSongs do not play back in the desired order software. Therefore, the files might not play in the desired order. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  148. 1. PRESET ABC button 2. Display 3. CD button 4. CD eject button 5. CD insert slot 6. MENU button 7. AUDIO button 8. Station select buttons 9. SEEK/TRACK button 10. PWR/VOL control knob 11. BAND select button FM-AM RADIO WITH COMPACT DISC (CD) PLAYER (if so equipped) PWR/VOL control knob Turn the ignition key to the ACC or ON position, then push the PWR/VOL control knob. If you listen to the radio with the engine not running, turn the key to the ACC position. The mode (radio or CD) that was playing immediately before the system was turned off resumes playing. When no CD is loaded, the radio comes on. Pushing the PWR/VOL control knob again turns the system off. Turn the PWR/VOL control knob to the right to increase volume or to the left to decrease volume. LHA01174-16 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  149. times for BAL (balance). Once the audio level is FM-AM radio operation set the display will return back to radio or CD display mode after 7 seconds or the AUDIO FM-AM band select button can be pressed again within 7 seconds to set the next audio level. Pressing the AUDIO Push the button to change from AM to FM button a fifth time will return the display back to reception. radio or CD display mode. The FM stereo indicator, ST, illuminates during Fader adjusts the sound level between the front FM stereo reception. When the stereo broadcast and rear speakers, balance adjusts the sound signal is weak, the radio automatically changes level between the right and left speakers. from stereo to monaural reception. SEEK/manual/SCAN Clock set tuning 1. Press and hold the MENU button until it When the button is pushed while the radio beeps (longer than 2 seconds). is playing, tuning mode is cycled between: 2. The hours will start flashing. Press SEEK tuning → manual tuning → SCAN mode SEEK/TRACK ( or ) to adjust the hours. “TUNE” and “SCAN” are shown in the display for each mode. No icon is displayed for SEEK mode. 3. Press the MENU button until the radio beeps to switch to the minute adjustment. WARNING 4. The minutes will start flashing. Press The radio should not be tuned while driv- LHA0118 SEEK/TRACK ( or ) to adjust the min- ing so full attention may be given to ve-Adjusting tone quality and speaker balance utes. hicle operation.To adjust the audio levels for bass, treble, fader, 5. Press the MENU button again to exit the SEEK tuningand balance, push the AUDIO button and adjust clock set mode. Push the SEEK/TRACK tuning button (the level with the SEEK/TRACK button. Press the The display will return to the regular clock display or ) for less than 1.5 seconds. SEEK tuningAUDIO button once for BASS (bass), twice for after 7 seconds, or you may press the MENU begins from low to high frequencies or high toTREB (treble), 3 times for FAD (fader) and 4 button again to return to the regular clock display. low frequencies, depending on which button is Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-17 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  150. pressed, and stops at the next broadcasting sta- Press the PRESET ABC button to change be-tion. If using the button, once the highest tween the presets:broadcasting station is reached, the radio contin-ues in the SEEK mode at the lowest broadcasting A→B→Cstation. If using the button, once the lowest The radio displays icon A, B or C to indicatebroadcasting station is reached, the radio contin- which set of presets is active.ues in the SEEK mode at the highest broadcast-ing station. To store a radio station in a preset:Manual tuning 1. Select the desired preset by pressing PRE- SET ABC.Use the and buttons for manualtuning. To move quickly through the channels, 2. Tune to the desired station.hold either of the tuning buttons down. 3. Press the desired station select button forSCAN tuning more than 3 seconds. For example, in the illustrations, ch2 is to be memorized. ThePush and hold the SEEK/TRACK tuning button radio mutes when the select button is( or ) for more than 1.5 seconds. pushed.SCAN illuminates in the display window, and the 4. When the indicator illuminates in the displayradio station blinks. SCAN tuning begins from and the sound resumes, memorizing is com-low to high frequencies or high to low frequen- plete.cies, depending on which button is pressed.SCAN tuning stops at each broadcasting station 5. Other station select buttons can be set infor 5 seconds. When scanning, SCAN is solid the same manner. LHA0119and the radio station blinks. When temporarily Station memory operations If the battery cable is disconnected, or if the radiostopped on a station, SCAN blinks and the sta- fuse opens, the radio memory is canceled. In thattion display is solid. Pushing the button again Each preset mode (A, B or C) has 6 presets, case, reset the desired stations.during this 5 second period stops SCAN tuning capable of storing any combination of AM and FMand the radio remains tuned to that station. Compact disc (CD) player operation stations. Turn the ignition key to the ACC or ON position, and carefully insert the compact disc into the slot4-18 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  151. with the label side up. The compact disc is auto- When the button is pushed and released, the Blank (no symbol): All selections are playedmatically pulled into the slot and starts to play. selection being played returns to the beginning. repeatedly in sequence. Push the button several times to skip back When a new compact disc is inserted, theIf the radio is already operating, it automatically several selections. Each time the button is play pattern automatically changes to ALL.turns off and the compact disc begins to play. pushed, the CD moves back 1 selection. CD EJECT button CAUTION If the play pattern is in MIX mode when theDo not force a compact disc into the CD or button is pushed the next selection will be When the button is pushed with a com-insert slot. This could damage the CD chosen at random. pact disc loaded, the compact disc ejects.and/or CD changer/player. FF (Fast Forward)/REV (Reverse) When the button is pushed while the com- CD button When the or button is pushed and held pact disc is playing, the compact disc ejects and while the compact disc is playing, the compact the system turns off.When the CD button is pushed with a compact disc plays at an increased speed while fast for- DISC indicator lightdisc loaded and the radio playing, the radio turns warding or rewinding. When the button is re-off and the compact disc starts to play. leased, the compact disc returns to normal play This light comes on when a compact disc speed. is loaded into the player. Track up/down, FF/REV (rewind) buttons MENUTrack up/down When the button is pushed while the com-When the button is pushed and released pact disc is playing, the play pattern changes aswhile the compact disc is playing, the selection follows:following the present one starts to play from the RPT: The current selection is repeated.beginning. Push the button several times toskip several selections. Each time the button is MIX: Selections are played at random, not fol-pushed, the CD advances 1 additional selection. lowing the sequence on the compact disc. TheThe number appears in the display window. same program may be repeated twice. If the(When the last selection on the compact disc is button is pushed in the MIX mode, selections willskipped, the first selection is played.) be chosen at random. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-19 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  152. 13. PWR/VOL control knob 14. Station preset buttons 15. TUNE button *No satellite radio reception is available when the RADIO button is pressed to access satellite radio stations unless optional satellite receiver and antenna are installed (retrofit unavailable without factory satellite radio pre-wiring), and an XMா or SIRIUS™ satellite radio ser- vice subscription is active. FM-AM-SAT RADIO WITH COMPACT DISC (CD) CHANGER Audio main operation POWER/VOLUME control: Turn the ignition key to ACC or ON, and then push the POWER/VOLUME control knob while the system is off to call up the mode (radio or CD) LHA0535 which was playing immediately before the system1. PRESET ABC button 7. SCAN RPT was turned off.2. Display screen 8. DISP button To turn the system off, press the3. CLOCK button 9. CAT FOLDER POWER/VOLUME control knob.4. SEEK/TRACK button 10. CD Load button5. CD 11. CD insert slot Turn the POWER/VOLUME control knob to ad-6. RADIO button 12. CD eject button just the volume.4-20 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  153. This vehicle may be equipped with speed sensi- Clock set To change the default display mode push thetive control volume (SSV) for audio. The audio tune knob to display mode and rotate the knob to 1. Press the CLOCK button until it beepsvolume changes as the driving speed changes. select the following display mode: Disc title ←→ (>1.5 seconds). Track title ←→ Track number.AUDIO knob (BASS, MIDRANGE, TREBLE, 2. The hours will start flashing. Press CATFADE, BALANCE and SSV if so equipped): Once the display mode is selected press the tune FOLDER ( or ) or SEEK TRACK knob to store your selection. If the tuning knob isPress the AUDIO knob to change the mode as ( or ) to adjust the hours. not pressed after 8 seconds the display will re-follows: 3. Press the CLOCK button again to switch to fresh with the last selected display mode setting.BASS → MID → TREBLE → FADE → BALANCE the minute adjustment. ● Track title mode displays the title of the se-→ SSV (if so equipped) 4. Press CAT FOLDER ( or ) or lected CD track.To adjust Bass, Mid (Midrange), Treble, Fade and SEEK-TRACK ( or ) to adjust ● Disk title mode displays the title of the CDBalance, press the AUDIO knob until the desired the minutes. being played.mode appears in the display. Turn the Tuning 5. Press the CLOCK button again to exit theknob to adjust Bass and Treble to the desired ● Track number mode displays the number clock set mode.level. You can also use the Tuning knob to adjust selected disc and the track that is currentlyFader and Balance modes. Fader adjusts the The display will return to the regular clock display being played on the disk.sound level between the front and rear speakers after 7 seconds, or you may press the CLOCK MP3 display modeand Balance adjusts the sound between the right button again to return to the regular clock display.and left speakers. To change the text displayed when listening to an DISP (display) button: MP3 with MP3 text (when CD with text is beingTo change the SSV mode to OFF, LOW, MID or This DISP (display) button will show text about used), press the DISP button. The DISP buttonHIGH, turn the Tuning knob to the right or left. MP3, SAT or CD information in the audio display. will scroll through the CD text as follows: DiscOnce you have adjusted the sound quality to the title ←→ Track title ←→ Folder title. CD display modedesired level, press the AUDIO knob repeatedly To change the default display mode push theuntil the radio or CD display reappears. Other- To change the text displayed while playing a CD tune knob to display mode and rotate the knob towise, the radio or CD display will automatically with text, press the DISP button. The DISP button select the following display mode: Folder numberreappear after about 10 seconds. will allow you to scroll through CD text as follows: ←→ Track title ←→ Folder title ←→ Disc title Disc title ←→ Track title. ←→ Disc number. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-21 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  154. Once a display mode is selected press the tune tuning knob is not pressed after 8 seconds the No satellite radio reception is available when theknob again to store the setting. display will refresh with the last selected display RADIO button is pressed to access satellite radio mode setting. stations unless optional satellite receiver and an- ● Folder number mode displays the folder tenna are installed (retrofit unavailable without number and the file number of the folder ● Channel number mode displays the channel factory satellite radio pre-wiring), and an XMா or currently being played. number of the selected satellite radio sta- SIRIUS™ satellite radio service subscription is tion. ● Disc number mode displays the number se- active. If satellite radio is not operational then the lected disc and the track that is currently ● Channel name mode displays the channel RADIO button is used to toggle between AM and being played. name of the selected satellite radio station. FM bands. ● Track title mode displays the ID3 track title of ● Name mode displays the name of the artist, If a compact disc is playing when the RADIO the MP3 file. host or weather condition of the selected button is pushed, the compact disc will automati- ● Disc title mode displays the ID3 disc title of satellite radio station. cally be turned off and the last radio station the MP3 file. played will come on. ● Title mode displays the song title, show ● Folder title mode displays the folder name name, or temperature of the selected satel- The FM stereo indicator ST will glow during FM given to the MP3 folder. lite radio station. stereo reception. When the stereo broadcast signal is weak, the radio will automatically changeDisplay satellite radio display mode (if so FM/AM/SAT radio operation from stereo to monaural reception.equipped) FM/AM/SAT band select: CAT FOLDER (Tuning):To change the text displayed when listening tosatellite radio (if so equipped) press the DISP Pushing the RADIO button will change the bandbutton. The DISP button will scroll through the as follows: WARNINGbroadcasted information as follows: Name ←→ The radio should not be tuned while driv- AM ←→ FM1 or SAT (Satellite, if so equipped)Title ←→ Current display mode. ing so full attention may be given to ve- When the RADIO button is pushed while the hicle operation.To change the default display mode push the ignition switch is in the ACC or ON position, thetune knob to display mode and rotate the knob to To manually tune the radio, push the CAT radio will come on at the station last played.select the following display modes: Channel FOLDER tune button ( or ) or turnnumber ←→ Channel name ←→ Name ←→ The last station played will also come on when the tuning knob to right or left.Title. Once the display mode is selected press the POWER/VOLUME control knob is de-the tune knob again to store the setting. If the pressed to ON.4-22 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  155. To move quickly through the channels, hold either 1. Choose preset channel A, B or C using the If the station broadcasts RDS information, thethe or button down for more than preset select button. RDS icon is displayed.1.5 seconds. 2. Select the desired FM, AM or SAT station Compact disc (CD) changer operation SEEK tuning: band. 3. Tune to the desired station using manual, CAUTIONPush the SEEK/TRACK button ( or )for less than 1.5 seconds to tune from high to low SEEK or SCAN tuning. Push and hold any of ● Do not force a compact disc into the CD the desired station memory buttons (1 – 6) insert slot. This could damage the CDor low to high frequencies and stop at the next until a beep sound is heard. and/or CD changer/player.broadcasting station. 4. The channel indicator will then come on and ● Trying to load a CD with the CD doorTo seek quickly through the channels, press and the sound will resume. Memorizing is nowhold the SEEK/TRACK button for more than 1.5 closed could damage the CD and/or CD complete. changer.seconds. When the button is released the radiowill seek to the next broadcasting station. 5. Other buttons can be set in the same man- Turn the ignition key to the ACC or ON position ner. and insert the compact disc into the slot with theSCAN RPT tuning: If the battery cable is disconnected, or if the fuse label side facing up. The compact disc will bePush the SCAN RPT button to stop at each blows, the radio memory will be canceled. In that guided automatically into the slot and start play-broadcasting station (AM, FM or SAT if so case, reset the desired stations. ing. To insert the disc, first push the LOAD button.equipped) for 5 seconds. Pushing the buttonagain during this 5 second period will stop SCAN Radio data system (RDS): If the radio is already operating, it will automati-tuning and the radio will remain tuned to that cally turn off and the compact disc will play. RDS stands for Radio Data System, and is a datastation. If the SCAN RPT button is not pushed information service transmitted by some radio If the system has been turned off while the com-within 5 seconds, SCAN tuning moves to the stations on the FM band (not AM band). Cur- pact disc was playing, pushing thenext station. rently, most RDS stations are in large cities, but POWER/VOLUME control knob will start thePRESET A-B-C (Station memory opera- many stations are now considering broadcasting compact disc.tions): RDS data. LOAD button:18 stations can be set for the FM, AM and SAT RDS can display:(Satellite-if so equipped) radio to the A, B and C To insert a CD in the CD changer, push the load ● Station call sign, such as “WHFR 98.3”.preset button in any combination of FM, AM or button for less than 1.5 seconds. SelectSAT stations. ● Station name, such as “The Groove”. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-23 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  156. the loading slot by pushing the CD insert select the button is pushed. (When the last track on the 1 DISC RDM: Tracks from the disc that is cur-button (1 – 6), then insert the CD. compact disc is skipped through, the first track rently playing will be played randomly will be played.) CD EJECT:To insert 6 CDs to the CD changer, push the loadbutton for more than 1.5 seconds. When the or button is pushed for more than 1.5 seconds while a CD is playing, the Current disc:The slot numbers (1 – 6) will illuminate on the CD plays at an increased speed while fast for- ● Press the slot number (1 – 6) for the desireddisplay when CDs are loaded into the changer. warding or rewinding through the existing track disc, then press the button. The com-CD button: being played. When the button is released the pact disc will be ejected. If the disc is not CD returns to normal play speed. removed within 15 seconds, the disc willWhen the CD button is pushed with the systemoff and the compact disc loaded, the system will CD select buttons: reload (except 3.1 in [8 cm] diameter com-turn on and the compact disc will start to play. pact discs). To play another CD that has been loaded, push aWhen the CD button is pushed with the compact CD select button (1 – 6). All discs:disc loaded with the radio playing, the radio will ● Press and hold the button for more SCAN/RPT:automatically be turned off and the compact disc than 1.5 seconds. The compact discs will bewill start to play. When the SCAN/RPT play button is pushed ejected one by one. If a disc is not removed while the compact disc is played, the play pattern within 15 seconds, or the button is SEEK/TRACK: pressed again during the eject sequence, can be changed as follows: the entire disc eject sequence will be can-When the button is pushed for less than 1.5 ALL DISC RPT → 1 DISC RPT→ 1 TRACK RPT celed.seconds while a compact disc is playing, the → ALL DISC RDM → 1 DISC RDM → ALL DISCtrack being played returns to its beginning. Push RPT When this button is pushed while the compactseveral times to skip back through tracks. The disc is being played, the compact disc will ejectcompact disc will go back the number of times ALL DISC RPT: All discs loaded will be repeated. and the last source will be played.the button is pushed. 1 DISC RPT: The disc that is currently playing will CD IN indicator: be repeated.When the button is pushed for less than 1.5 1 TRACK RPT: The track that is currently playing The slot numbers (1 – 6) will illuminate if CDsseconds while the compact disc is playing, the have been loaded into the changer. will be repeatednext track will start to play from its beginning. ALL DISC RDM: Tracks from all discs will bePush several times to skip through tracks. Thecompact disc will advance the number of times played randomly4-24 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  157. ● A new disc may be rough on the inner and outer edges. Remove the rough edges by rubbing the inner and outer edges with the side of a pen or pencil as illustrated. LHA0049 LHA0269CD CARE AND CLEANING 1. Volume control switch 2. MODE select switch● Handle a CD by its edges. Do not bend the disc. Never touch the surface of the disc. 3. POWER on/off switch 4. Tuning switch● Always place the discs in the storage case when they are not being used. STEERING WHEEL SWITCH FOR AUDIO CONTROL (if so equipped)● To clean a disc, wipe the surface from the center to the outer edge using a clean, soft The audio system can be operated using the cloth. Do not wipe the disc using a circular controls on the steering wheel. motion. POWER on/off switch● Do not use a conventional record cleaner or alcohol intended for industrial use. With the ignition key turned to the ACC or ON position, push the POWER switch to turn the audio system on or off. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-25 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  158. CAR PHONE OR CB RADIO“MODE” select switch To stop the FF or REW function, press the When installing a CB, ham radio or car phone in or button for less than 1.5 seconds again. your NISSAN, be sure to observe the followingPush the mode select switch to change the cautions, otherwise the new equipment may ad-modes: When playing a CD in the CD changer (if so equipped), push the tuning switch ( versely affect the engine control system andPRESET A → PRESET B → PRESET C → CD→ or ) for more than 1.5 seconds to change other electronic parts.PRESET A between discs when multiple CDs are loaded. WARNINGVolume control switch ANTENNA ● A cellular telephone should not be usedPush the volume control switch up or down to The antenna cannot be shortened, but can be while driving so full attention may beincrease or decrease the volume. removed. When you need to remove the antenna, given to vehicle operation. Some juris- turn the antenna rod counterclockwise. dictions prohibit the use of cellular tele- Tuning phones while driving. To install the antenna rod, turn the antenna clock- wise. Tighten the antenna rod to specification ● If you must make a call while your ve-Memory change (radio): using a suitable tool such as an open-end hicle is in motion, the hands free cellu-Push the tuning switch ( or ) for less wrench. The antenna rod tightening specification lar phone operational mode (if sothan 1.5 seconds to change the radio frequency. is 2.0 – 2.6 N·m (18 – 23 in-lb). Do not use pliers equipped) is highly recommended. Ex- to tighten the antenna as they can leave marks on ercise extreme caution at all times soSeek tuning (radio): the antenna surface. The antenna rod cannot be full attention may be given to vehiclePush the tuning switch ( or ) for hand tightened to the proper specification. operation.more than 1.5 seconds to seek the next or previ- ● If a conversation in a moving vehicleous radio station. CAUTION requires you to take notes, pull off the Always properly tighten the antenna rod road to a safe location and stop yourFF, REW: vehicle before doing so. during installation or the antenna rod mayPush the tuning switch ( or ) for less break during vehicle operation.1.5 seconds to return to the beginning of the CAUTIONpresent program or skip to the next program. ● Keep the antenna as far away as pos-Push several times to skip back or skip through sible from the electronic controlprograms. modules.4-26 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  159. ● Keep the antenna wire more than 8 in (20 cm) away from the electronic con- trol system harnesses. Do not route the antenna wire next to any harness.● Adjust the antenna standing-wave ratio as recommended by the manufacturer.● Connect the ground wire from the CB radio chassis to the body.● For details, consult a NISSAN dealer.● Do not ground electrical accessories directly to the battery terminal. Doing so, will bypass the variable voltage con- trol system and the vehicle battery may not charge completely. Refer to “Vari- able voltage control system” in the “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” sec- tion later in this manual.● Use electrical accessories with the en- gine running to avoid discharging the vehicle battery. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-27 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  160. 5 Starting and drivingPrecautions when starting and driving. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2 Cruise control operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17 Exhaust gas (carbon monoxide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2 Break-in schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18 Three-way catalyst. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2 Increasing fuel economy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19 Low tire pressure warning system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3 Using four wheel drive (4WD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19 On-pavement and off-road driving Transfer case shifting procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19 precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4 Electronic locking rear differential (E-Lock) system Avoiding collision and rollover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-24 Drinking alcohol/drugs and driving. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5 Parking/parking on hills. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-26 Driving safety precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5 Power steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27Ignition switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7 Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27 Automatic transmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7 Brake precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27 Manual transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8 Anti-lock brake system (ABS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28 Key positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8 Active brake limited slip (ABLS) system Nissan Vehicle Immobilizer System (NVIS) (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-29 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8 Vehicle dynamic control (VDC) systemBefore starting the engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-29Starting the engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9 Hill descent control (HDC) system (if so equipped). . . 5-31Driving the vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10 Hill start assist (HSA) system (if so equipped) . . . . . . . 5-31 Automatic transmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10 Cold weather driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-32 Manual transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14 Freeing a frozen door lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-32Parking brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16 Anti-freeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-32Cruise control (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-32 Precautions on cruise control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17 Draining of coolant water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-32 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  161. Tire equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-32 Driving on snow or ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-33Special winter equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-33 Engine block heater (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-33 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  162. PRECAUTIONS WHEN STARTINGAND DRIVING WARNING ● If you suspect that exhaust fumes are ● The exhaust system and body should be entering the vehicle, drive with all win- inspected by a qualified mechanic● Do not leave children or adults who dows fully open, and have the vehicle whenever: would normally require the assistance inspected immediately. of others alone in your vehicle. Pets a. The vehicle is raised for service. should also not be left alone. They ● Do not run the engine in closed spaces b. You suspect that exhaust fumes are could accidentally injure themselves or such as a garage. entering into the passenger others through inadvertent operation of ● Do not park the vehicle with the engine compartment. the vehicle. Also, on hot, sunny days, running for any extended length of time. temperatures in a closed vehicle could c. You notice a change in the sound of quickly become high enough to cause ● Keep the back door and rear windows the exhaust system. severe or possibly fatal injuries to closed while driving, otherwise exhaust d. You have had an accident involving people or animals. gases could be drawn into the passen- damage to the exhaust system, un- ger compartment. If you must drive with● Properly secure all cargo with ropes or derbody, or rear of the vehicle. the back door or rear windows open, straps to help prevent it from sliding or follow these precautions: shifting. Do not place cargo higher than THREE-WAY CATALYST the seatbacks. In a sudden stop or col- 1. Open all the windows. The three-way catalyst is an emission control lision, unsecured cargo could cause 2. Set the air recirculation but- device installed in the exhaust system. Exhaust personal injury. ton (if so equipped) to off and the fan gases in the three-way catalyst are burned atEXHAUST GAS (carbon monoxide) control dial to 4 (high) to circulate high temperatures to help reduce pollutants. the air. WARNING ● If electrical wiring or other cable con- WARNING nections must pass to a trailer through ● The exhaust gas and the exhaust sys-● Do not breathe exhaust gases; they the seal on the back door or the body, tem are very hot. Keep people, animals contain colorless and odorless carbon follow the manufacturer’s recommen- or flammable materials away from the monoxide. Carbon monoxide is danger- dation to prevent carbon monoxide en- exhaust system components. ous. It can cause unconsciousness or try into the vehicle. death.5-2 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  163. ● Do not stop or park the vehicle over LOW TIRE PRESSURE WARNING Low tire pressure warning flammable materials such as dry grass, SYSTEM If the vehicle is being driven with low tire pressure waste paper or rags. They may ignite This vehicle is equipped with the low tire pres- (lower than 28 psi, 193 kPa), the low tire pres- and cause a fire. sure warning system. It monitors tire pressure of sure warning light comes on and the chime all tires except the spare. When the low tire sounds for about 10 seconds. CAUTION pressure warning light is lit, one or more of your For additional information regarding the above● Do not use leaded gasoline. Deposits tires is significantly under-inflated. warning, see “Warning/indicator lights and au- from leaded gasoline will seriously re- The low tire pressure warning system will activate dible reminders” in the “Instruments and con- duce the three-way catalyst’s ability to help reduce exhaust pollutants. only when the vehicle is driven at speeds above trols” section. 20 MPH (32 km/h). Also, this system may not● Keep your engine tuned up. Malfunc- detect a sudden drop in tire pressure (for ex- WARNING tions in the ignition, fuel injection, or ample a flat tire while driving). ● If the low tire pressure warning light electrical systems can cause overrich fuel flow into the three-way catalyst, Tire pressure rises and falls depending on the flashes while driving, avoid sudden causing it to overheat. Do not keep driv- heat caused by the vehicle’s operation and the steering maneuvers or abrupt braking, ing if the engine misfires, or if notice- reduce vehicle speed, pull off the road outside temperature. Low outside temperature able loss of performance or other un- to a safe location and stop the vehicle can lower the temperature of the air inside the tire usual operating conditions are as soon as possible. Serious vehicle which can cause a lower tire inflation pressure. damage could occur and may lead to an detected. Have the vehicle inspected This may cause the low tire pressure warning promptly by a NISSAN dealer. accident and could result in serious light to illuminate. personal injury. Check the tire pressure● Avoid driving with an extremely low fuel for all four tires. Adjust the tire pressure If the warning light illuminates in low ambient level. Running out of fuel could cause to the recommended COLD tire pres- temperature as described above, check the tire the engine to misfire, damaging the sure shown on the tire placard to turn three-way catalyst. pressure for all four tires. Adjust the tire pressure to the recommended COLD tire pressure shown the low tire pressure warning light OFF.● Do not race the engine while warming it If you have a flat tire, replace it with a on the Tire and Loading Information label to turn up. spare tire as soon as possible. (See the low tire pressure warning light OFF. “Flat tire” in the “In case of emergency”● Do not push or tow your vehicle to start Frequently check the tire pressure and adjust section for changing a flat tire.) the engine. pressure of each tire properly. Starting and driving 5-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  164. ● When a spare tire is mounted or a wheel Operation is subject to the following two Be sure to read the driving safety precautions is replaced, tire pressure will not be conditions: (1) This device may not cause later in this section. indicated and the low tire pressure harmful interface, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including AVOIDING COLLISION AND warning system will not function. Con- tact your NISSAN dealer as soon as interference that may cause undesired op- ROLLOVER possible for tire replacement and/or eration of the device. system resetting. WARNING ON-PAVEMENT AND OFF-ROAD● Do not inject any tire liquid or aerosol Failure to operate this vehicle in a safe DRIVING PRECAUTIONS and prudent manner may result in loss of tire sealant into the tires, as this may cause a malfunction of the tire pressure Utility vehicles have a significantly higher control or an accident. sensors. rollover rate than other types of vehicles. Be alert and drive defensively at all times. Obey They have higher ground clearance than passen- all traffic regulations. Avoid excessive speed, CAUTION high speed cornering, or sudden steering ma- ger cars to make them capable of performing in aDo not place metalized film or any metal variety of on-pavement and off-road applications. neuvers, because these driving practices couldparts (antenna, etc.) on the windows. This This gives them a higher center of gravity than cause you to lose control of your vehicle. As withmay cause poor reception of the signals ordinary cars. An advantage of higher ground any vehicle, loss of control could result in afrom the tire pressure sensors, and the clearance is a better view of the road, allowing collision with other vehicles or objects, orlow tire pressure warning system will not you to anticipate problems. However, they are not cause the vehicle to roll over, particularly iffunction properly. designed for cornering at the same speeds as the loss of control causes the vehicle toFCC Notice: conventional two-wheel drive vehicles any more slide sideways. Be attentive at all times, and than low-slung sports cars are designed to per- avoid driving when tired. Never drive when underChanges or modifications not expressly ap- form satisfactorily under off-road conditions. If at the influence of alcohol or drugs (including pre-proved by the manufacturer compliance all possible, avoid sharp turns at high speeds. As scription or over-the-counter drugs which maycould void the user’s authority to operate with other vehicles of this type, failure to operate cause drowsiness). Always wear your seat beltthe equipment. this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control as outlined in the “Safety – Seats, seat belts andThis device complies with Part 15 of the or vehicle rollover. In a rollover crash, an unbelted supplemental restraint system” section of thisFCC Rules and RSS-210 of Industry person is significantly more likely to die than a manual, and also instruct your passengers to doCanada. person wearing a seat belt. so.5-4 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  165. Seat belts help reduce the risk of injury in colli- Remember, drinking and driving don’t mix! And ● Do not drive across steep slopes. In-sions and rollovers. In a rollover crash, an that is true for drugs, too (over-the-counter, pre- stead drive either straight up or straightunbelted or improperly belted person is scription, and illegal drugs). Don’t drive if your down the slopes. Off-road vehicles cansignificantly more likely to be injured or ability to operate your vehicle is impaired by alco- tip over sideways much more easilykilled than a person properly wearing a hol, drugs, or some other physical condition. than they can forward or backward.seat belt. DRIVING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ● Many hills are too steep for any vehicle.DRINKING ALCOHOL/DRUGS AND If you drive up them, you may stall. If Your NISSAN is designed for both normal and you drive down them, you may not beDRIVING off-road use. However, avoid driving in deep wa- able to control your speed. If you drive ter or mud as your NISSAN is mainly designed for across them, you may roll over. WARNING leisure use, unlike a conventional off-road ve- ● Do not shift gears while driving onNever drive under the influence of alcohol hicle. downhill grades as this could causeor drugs. Alcohol in the bloodstream re- loss of control of the vehicle. Remember that two-wheel drive models are lessduces coordination, delays reaction time capable than four-wheel drive models for rough ● Stay alert when driving to the top of aand impairs judgement. Driving afterdrinking alcohol increases the likelihood road driving and extrication when stuck in deep hill. At the top there could be a drop-offof being involved in an accident injuring snow or mud, or the like. or other hazard that could cause anyourself and others. Additionally, if you Please observe the following precautions: accident.are injured in an accident, alcohol can ● If your engine stalls or you cannot makeincrease the severity of the injury. WARNING it to the top of a steep hill, never at-NISSAN is committed to safe driving. However, ● Drive carefully when off the road and tempt to turn around. Your vehicleyou must choose not to drive under the influence avoid dangerous areas. Every person could tip or roll over. Always backof alcohol. Every year thousands of people are who drives or rides in this vehicle straight down in R (Reverse) gear. Never should be seated with their seat belt back down in N (Neutral) or with theinjured or killed in alcohol-related accidents. Al- fastened. This will keep you and your clutch depressed (manual transmissionthough the local laws vary on what is considered passengers in position when driving vehicles), using only the brake, as thisto be legally intoxicated, the fact is that alcohol could cause loss of control.affects all people differently and most people over rough terrain.underestimate the effects of alcohol. Starting and driving 5-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  166. ● Heavy braking going down a hill could ● Before operating the vehicle, ensure ● Always use tires of the same type, size, cause your brakes to overheat and fade, that the driver and all passengers have brand, construction (bias, bias-belted, resulting in loss of control and an acci- their seat belts fastened. or radial), and tread pattern on all four dent. Apply brakes lightly and use a low wheels. Install tire chains on the rear ● Always drive with the floor mats in gear to control your speed. Use the Hill wheels when driving on slippery roads place as the floor may become hot. Descent Control feature (if so and drive carefully. equipped). ● Lower your speed when encountering ● Be sure to check the brakes immedi- strong crosswinds. With a higher center● Unsecured cargo can be thrown around ately after driving in mud or water. See of gravity, your NISSAN is more af- when driving over rough terrain. Prop- “Brake system” later in this section for fected by strong side winds. Slower erly secure all cargo so it will not be “Wet brakes”. speeds ensure better vehicle control. thrown forward and cause injury to you ● Avoid parking your vehicle on steep or your passengers. ● Do not drive beyond the performance hills. If you get out of the vehicle and it capablity of the tires, even with 4WD● To avoid raising the center of gravity rolls forward, backward or sideways, engaged. excessively, do not exceed the rated you could be injured. capactiy of the roof rack/gear bin (if so ● Accelerating quickly, sharp steering ● Whenever you drive off-road through equipped) and evenly distribute the maneuvers or sudden braking may sand, mud or water as deep as the load. Secure heavy loads in the cargo cause loss of control. wheel hub, more frequent maintenance area as far forward and as low as pos- ● If at all possible, avoid sharp turning may be required. See “Periodic mainte- sible. Do not equip the vehicle with tires maneuvers, particularly at high speeds. nance” in the “NISSAN Service and larger than specified in this manual. Your NISSAN four-wheel drive vehicle Maintenance Guide.” This could cause your vehicle to roll has a higher center of gravity than a over. two-wheel drive vehicle. The vehicle is● Do not grip the inside or spokes of the not designed for cornering at the same steering wheel when driving off-road. speeds as conventional two-wheel The steering wheel could move sud- drive vehicles. Failure to operate this denly and injure your hands. Instead vehicle correctly could result in loss of drive with your fingers and thumbs on control and/or a rollover accident. the outside of the rim.5-6 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  167. IGNITION SWITCH 1. Shift the selector lever to the P (Park) posi- When the ignition is in the OFF position, tion with the key in the ON position. the steering wheel is not locked. 2. Turn the key to the LOCK position. In order for the steering wheel to be locked, it must be turned about 1/8 of a turn clockwise 3. Remove the key from the ignition. from the straight up position. If the selector lever is shifted to the P (Park) To lock the steering wheel, turn the key to position after the key is turned to the OFF posi- the LOCK position. Remove the key. To tion or when the key cannot be turned to the unlock the steering wheel, insert the key LOCK position, proceed as follows to remove the and turn it gently while rotating the steer- key. ing wheel slightly right and left. 1. Move the shift selector lever into the P (Park) If the key will not turn from the LOCK posi- position. tion, turn the steering wheel to the left or right while turning the key to unlock the WSD0041 2. Turn the ignition key slightly toward the ON key cylinder.AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION position. 3. Turn the key to the LOCK position. WARNINGThe ignition lock is designed so the key cannot beturned to the LOCK position and removed until 4. Remove the key. Never remove or turn the key to the LOCKthe shift selector lever is moved to the P (Park) position while driving. The steering wheel The shift selector lever is designed so it cannot will lock. This may cause the driver to loseposition. moved out of P (Park) and into any of the other control of the vehicle and could result inWhen removing the key from the ignition, make gear positions if the ignition key is turned to OFF serious vehicle damage or personal injury.sure the shift selector lever is in the P (Park) position or if the key is removed from the switch.position. The shift selector lever can be moved if theIf the selector lever is not returned to P (Park) ignition switch is in the ON position and theposition, the key cannot be moved to the LOCK foot brake pedal is depressed.position. There is an OFF position between theTo remove the key from the ignition switch: LOCK and ACC positions. The OFF position is indicated by a “1” on the key cylinder. Starting and driving 5-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  168. To lock the steering wheel, turn the key to NISSAN VEHICLE IMMOBILIZER the LOCK position. Remove the key. To SYSTEM (NVIS) (if so equipped) unlock the steering wheel, insert the key and turn it gently while rotating the steer- The NISSAN Vehicle Immobilizer System (NVIS) ing wheel slightly right and left. will not allow the engine to start without the use of the registered NVIS key. WARNING If the engine fails to start using the registered Never remove or turn the key to the LOCK NVIS key, it may be due to interference caused by position while driving. The steering wheel another NVIS key, an automated toll road device will lock. This may cause the driver to lose or automated payment device on the key ring. control of the vehicle and could result in Restart the engine using the following proce- serious vehicle damage or personal injury. dures: 1. Leave the ignition switch in the ON position WSD0052 KEY POSITIONS for approximately 5 seconds.MANUAL TRANSMISSION LOCK: Normal parking position (0) 2. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF or LOCK OFF: (Not used) (1) position and wait approximately 5 seconds.The ignition switch includes a device that helpsprevent accidental removal of the key while driv- ACC: (Accessories) (2) 3. Repeat step 1 and 2 again.ing. 4. Restart the engine while holding the device This position activates electrical accessoriesThe key can only be removed when the ignition (which may have caused the interference) such as the radio when the engine is not running. separate from the registered NVIS key.switch is in the LOCK position. ON: Normal operating position (3) If this procedure allows the engine to start,On manual transmission models, to turn the igni- This position turns on the ignition system and the NISSAN recommends placing the registeredtion key to LOCK position from ACC or ON NVIS key on a separate key ring to avoid interfer- electrical accessories.position, turn the key to OFF, push the key in, then ence from other devices.turn the key to LOCK. START: (4)In order for the steering wheel to be locked, it This position starts the engine. As soon as themust be turned about 1/8 of a turn clockwise engine has started, release the key. It automati-from the straight up position. cally returns to the ON position.5-8 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  169. BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE STARTING THE ENGINE● Make sure the area around the vehicle is 1. Apply the parking brake. ● If the engine is very hard to start in ex- clear. tremely cold weather or when restarting, 2. Automatic transmission:● Check fluid levels such as engine oil, cool- depress the accelerator pedal a little (ap- ant, brake fluid, and window washer fluid as Move the shift selector lever to P (Park) or N proximately 1/3 to the floor) and hold it frequently as possible, or at least whenever (Neutral). P (Park) is recommended. and then crank the engine. Release the you refuel. key and the accelerator pedal when the The shift selector lever cannot be engine starts.● Check that all windows and lights are clean. moved out of P (Park) and into any of the other gear positions if the ignition ● If the engine is very hard to start because● Visually inspect tires for their appearance key is turned to the OFF position or if it is flooded, depress the accelerator and condition. Also check tires for proper the key is removed from the ignition pedal all the way to the floor and hold it. inflation. switch. Crank the engine for 5-6 seconds. After● Lock all doors. cranking the engine, release the accel- The starter is designed not to operate if erator pedal. Crank the engine with your● Position seat and adjust head restraints. the shift selector lever is in any of the foot off the accelerator pedal by turn-● Adjust inside and outside mirrors. driving positions. ing the ignition key to START. Release the● Fasten seat belts and ask all passengers to Manual transmission: key when the engine starts. If the engine do likewise. starts, but fails to run, repeat the above Move the shift lever to N (Neutral). Depress procedure.● Check the operation of warning lights when the clutch pedal to the floor while cranking the key is turned to the ON (3) position. See the engine. CAUTION “Warning/indicator lights and audible re- The starter is designed not to operate minders” in the “Instruments and controls” Do not operate the starter for more than unless the clutch pedal is fully de- 15 seconds at a time. If the engine does section of this manual. pressed. not start, turn the key off and wait 10 3. Crank the engine with your foot off the seconds before cranking again, otherwise accelerator pedal by turning the ignition the starter could be damaged. key to START. Release the key when the engine starts. If the engine starts, but fails to run, repeat the above procedure. Starting and driving 5-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  170. DRIVING THE VEHICLE 4. Allow the engine to idle for at least 30 sec- AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION The recommended operating procedures for this onds after starting. Do not race the engine transmission are shown on the following pages. while warming it up. Drive at moderate WARNING Follow these procedures for maximum vehicle speed for a short distance first, especially in performance and driving enjoyment. cold weather. ● Do not depress the accelerator pedal while shifting from P (Park) or N (Neu- Starting the vehicle tral) to R (Reverse), D (Drive), 3, 2 or 1. 1. After starting the engine, fully depress the Always depress the brake pedal until foot brake pedal before attempting to move shifting is completed. Failure to do so the shift selector lever out of the P (Park) could cause you to lose control and position. have an accident. 2. Keep the foot brake pedal depressed and ● Cold engine idle speed is high, so use move the shift selector lever into a driving caution when shifting into a forward or gear. reverse gear before the engine has warmed up. 3. Release the foot brake, then gradually start ● Never shift to P (Park) or R (Reverse) the vehicle in motion. while the vehicle is moving. This could The automatic transmission is designed so cause an accident. the foot brake pedal MUST be depressed before shifting from P (Park) to any drive CAUTION position while the ignition switch is in the ON position. ● When stopping the vehicle on an uphill grade, do not hold the vehicle by de- The shift selector lever cannot be moved pressing the accelerator pedal. The foot out of P (Park) and into any of the other brake should be used for this purpose. gear positions if the ignition key is turned to the LOCK, OFF or ACC position or if the ● Do not downshift abruptly on slippery key is removed. roads. This may cause a loss of control. The automatic transmission in your vehicle is electronically controlled to produce maximum power and smooth operation.5-10 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  171. R (Reverse): WARNING Apply the parking brake if the selector CAUTION lever is in any position while the engine is not running. Failure to do so could cause Use this position only when the vehicle is the vehicle to move unexpectedly or roll completely stopped. away and result in serious personal injury Use this position to back up. Make sure the or property damage. vehicle is completely stopped before selecting the R (Reverse) position. The brake pedal If the key is turned to the OFF or ACC position for must be depressed to move the selector any reason while the vehicle is in N (Neutral), or lever from P (Park), N (Neutral) or any drive any D (Drive) position, the key cannot be turned position to R (Reverse). to the LOCK position and be removed from the ignition switch. Move the selector lever to the P N (Neutral): LSD0151 (Park) position, then the key can be turned to Neither forward nor reverse gear is engaged. The LOCK. engine can be started in this position. You mayTo move the selector lever: P (Park): shift to N (Neutral) and restart a stalled engine : Push the button while depressing the while the vehicle is moving.brake pedal Use this selector position when the vehicle is parked or when starting the engine. Make sure D (Drive): : Push the button to shift the vehicle is completely stopped. The brake Use this position for all normal forward driving. : Shift without depressing brake pedal pedal must be depressed to move the se- 3 (Third gear): lector lever from N (Neutral) or any driveShifting position to P (Park). Apply the parking brake. Use this position for driving up and down longAfter starting the engine, fully depress the brake When parking on a hill, apply the parking brake slopes where engine braking would be advanta-pedal and move the shift selector lever out of the first, then move the shift selector lever into the P geous.P (Park) position. (Park) position. Do not downshift into the 3 position at speeds over the following and do not exceed the follow- ing speeds in the 3 position. Starting and driving 5-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  172. 2WD: Do not downshift into the 1 position at speeds over the following and do not exceed the follow- 62 MPH (100 km/h) ing speeds in the 1 position. 4H: 2WD: 62 MPH (100 km/h) 43 MPH (70 km/h) 4LO: 4H: 31 MPH (50 km/h) 43 MPH (70 km/h)2 (Second gear): 4LO:Use this position for hill climbing or engine brak- 31 MPH (50 km/h)ing on downhill grades.Do not downshift into the 2 position at speedsover the following and do not exceed the follow- LSD0141ing speeds in the 2 position. Shift lock release 2WD: If the battery is discharged, the shift selector lever 71 MPH (115 km/h) may not be moved from the P (Park) position even with the brake pedal depressed. 4H: To move the shift selector lever, release the shift 62 MPH (100 km/h) lock. The shift selector lever can be moved to N 4LO: (Neutral). However, the steering wheel will be locked unless the ignition switch is turned to the 31 MPH (50 km/h) ON position. This allows the vehicle to be moved1 (Low gear): if the battery is discharged.Use this position when climbing steep hills slowlyor slow driving through deep snow, sand or mud,or for maximum engine braking on steep downhillgrades.5-12 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  173. To push the shift lock release, complete the fol- Accelerator downshiftlowing procedure: — in D position — 1. Turn the ignition key to the LOCK position For passing or hill climbing, depress the accel- and remove the key erator pedal to the floor. This shifts the transmis- 2. Apply the parking brake. sion down into a lower gear, depending on the vehicle speed. 3. Remove the shift lock release cover as shown. 4. Insert a small screwdriver in the shift lock release slot and push down. 5. Move the shift selector lever to the N (Neu- tral) position while holding down the shift lock release. LSD0142 6. Turn the key to the ON position to unlock the Overdrive switch steering wheel. Now the vehicle may be Each time your vehicle is started, the transmis- moved to the desired location. sion is automatically “reset” to overdrive ON.If the shift selector lever cannot be moved out of ON: With the engine running and theP (Park), have a NISSAN dealer check the auto- shift selector lever in the D (Drive)matic transmission system as soon as possible. position, the transmission upshifts WARNING into Overdrive as vehicle speed increases.If the selector lever cannot be moved fromthe P (Park) position while the engine is Overdrive does not engage until the enginerunning and the brake pedal is depressed, has reached operating temperature.the stop lights may not work. Malfunction-ing stop lights could cause an accidentinjuring yourself and others. Starting and driving 5-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  174. OFF: For driving up and down long CAUTION slopes where engine braking is nec- essary push the Overdrive switch ● Do not rest your foot on the clutch pedal while driving. This may cause clutch once. The O/D OFF indicator light damage. in the instrument panel comes on at this time. ● Fully depress the clutch pedal before shifting to help prevent transmissionWhen cruising at a low speed or climbing a damage.gentle slope, you may feel uncomfortable shiftshocks as the transmission shifts into and out of ● Stop your vehicle completely beforeOverdrive repeatedly. In this case, depress the shifting into R (Reverse).Overdrive switch to turn the Overdrive off. The ● When the vehicle is stopped with theO/D OFF indicator light in the instrument panel engine running (for example, at a stopcomes on at this time. light), shift to N (Neutral) and release the clutch pedal with the foot brake LSD0148When driving conditions change, depress the applied.Overdrive switch to turn the Overdrive on. ShiftingRemember not to drive at high speeds for ex- To change gears, or when upshifting or down-tended periods of time with the Overdrive off. shifting, depress the clutch pedal fully, shift intoThis reduces fuel economy. the appropriate gear, then release the clutch slowly and smoothly.MANUAL TRANSMISSION To ensure smooth gear changes, fully depress the clutch pedal before operating the shift lever. If WARNING the clutch pedal is not fully depressed before the● Do not downshift abruptly on slippery transmission is shifted, a gear noise may be roads. This may cause a loss of control. heard. Transmission damage could occur.● Do not over-rev the engine when shift- Start the vehicle in 1st gear and shift to 2nd, 3rd, ing to a lower gear. This may cause a 4th, 5th and 6th gear in sequence according to loss of control or engine damage. vehicle speed.5-14 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  175. To back up depress the shift lever and then move ● 4–wheel drive model (4L position): GEAR MPH (km/h)it to the R (Reverse) position after stopping the GEAR CHANGE MPH (km/h) 3rd —vehicle completely. 1st to 2nd — 4th —If it is difficult to move the shift lever into R 2nd to 3rd — 5th —(Reverse) or 1 (First), shift into N (Neutral), thenrelease the clutch pedal. Fully depress the clutch 3rd to 4th — 6th —pedal again and shift into R (Reverse) or 1 (First). 4th to 5th — 4–wheel drive modelsIf your vehicle is equipped with 4-wheel drive, see 5th to 6th —“Transfer case shifting procedures” later in this 2H/4H positionsection. Suggested maximum speed in each GEAR MPH (km/h) gearSuggested upshift speeds 1st 35 (56) Downshift to a lower gear if the engine is not 2nd 61 (98)The following are suggested vehicle speeds for running smoothly, or if you need to accelerate.shifting into a higher gear. These suggestions 3rd —relate to fuel economy and vehicle performance. Do not exceed the maximum suggested speed 4th —Actual upshift speeds will vary according to road (shown below) in any gear. For level road driving, 5th —conditions, the weather and individual driving use the highest gear suggested for that speed.habits. Always observe posted speed limits, and drive 6th — ● Two-wheel drive models and four-wheel according to the road conditions, which will en- 4L position drive models (2H and 4H position): sure safe operation. Do not over-rev the engine GEAR MPH (km/h) when shifting to a lower gear as it may cause GEAR CHANGE MPH (km/h) engine damage or loss of vehicle control. 1st 13 (21) 1st to 2nd 13 (21) 2nd 23 (37) Allowable maximum speed in each gear: 2nd to 3rd 24 (39) 3rd 33 (54) 2–wheel drive models 3rd to 4th 33 (53) 4th 45 (73) 4th to 5th 43 (69) GEAR MPH (km/h) 5th 58 (94) 5th to 6th — 1st 35 (56) 6th — 2nd 61 (98) Starting and driving 5-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  176. PARKING BRAKE 4. Before driving, be sure the brake warning WARNING light goes out.● Be sure the parking brake is fully re- leased before driving. Failure to do so can cause brake failure and lead to an accident.● Do not release the parking brake from outside the vehicle.● Do not use the gear shift in place of the parking brake. When parking, be sure the parking brake is fully engaged.● Do not leave children unattended in a vehicle. They could release the parking brake and cause an accident. LSD0150 To engage: Pull the lever up ᭺. A To release: 1. Firmly apply the foot brake. 2. Manual transmission models: Place the shift lever in the N (Neutral) posi- tion. Automatic transmission models: Move the shift selector lever to the P (Park) position. 3. While pulling up on the parking brake lever slightly, push the button and lower com- pletely ᭺. B5-16 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  177. CRUISE CONTROL (if so equipped) ● The SET indicator light may blink when the CAUTION cruise control main switch is turned ON while pushing the ACCEL/RES, On manual transmission models, do not COAST/SET, or CANCEL switch (located shift into N (Neutral) without depressing on the steering wheel). To properly set the the clutch pedal when the cruise control is cruise control system, use the following pro- set. Should this occur, depress the clutch cedures. pedal and turn the main switch off imme- diately. Failure to do so may cause engine damage. WARNING Do not use the cruise control when driving CRUISE CONTROL OPERATIONS under the following conditions: The cruise control allows driving at a speed be- ● When it is not possible to keep the tween 25 - 89 MPH (40 - 144 km/h) without vehicle at a set speed. keeping your foot on the accelerator pedal. LSD0075 ● In heavy traffic or in traffic that varies in To turn on the cruise control, push the main1. ACCEL/RES switch speed. switch. The CRUISE indicator light in the instru-2. COAST/SET switch ment panel comes on. ● On winding or hilly roads.3. ON/OFF switch ● On slippery roads (rain, snow, ice, etc.). To set cruising speed, accelerate the vehicle to4. CANCEL switch the desired speed, push the COAST/SET switchPRECAUTIONS ON CRUISE ● In very windy areas. and release it. The SET indicator light in theCONTROL Doing so could cause a loss of vehicle instrument panel comes on. Take your foot off the control and result in an accident. accelerator pedal. Your vehicle maintains the set ● If the cruise control system malfunctions, it speed. cancels automatically. The SET indicator ● To pass another vehicle, depress the ac- light in the instrument panel then blinks to celerator pedal. When you release the warn the driver. pedal, the vehicle returns to the previously ● If the SET indicator light blinks, turn the set speed. cruise control main switch off and have the system checked by a NISSAN dealer. Starting and driving 5-17 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  178. BREAK-IN SCHEDULE ● The vehicle may not maintain the set speed To reset at a faster cruising speed, use one CAUTION when going up or down steep hills. If this of the following three methods. happens, drive without the cruise control. During the first 1,200 miles (2,000 km), ● Depress the accelerator pedal. When the follow these recommendations to obtainTo cancel the preset speed, use one of the vehicle attains the desired speed, push and maximum engine performance and en-following three methods. release the COAST/SET switch. sure the future reliability and economy of ● Push the CANCEL button; the SET indicator ● Push and hold the ACCEL/RES switch. your new vehicle. Failure to follow these light in the instrument panel goes out. When the vehicle attains the speed you de- recommendations may result in short- sire, release the switch. ened engine life and reduced engine ● Tap the brake pedal; the SET indicator light performance. goes out. ● Push and release the ACCEL/RES switch. Each time you do this, the set speed in- ● Avoid driving for long periods at constant ● Turn the main switch off. Both the CRUISE creases by about 1 MPH (1.6 km/h). speed, either fast or slow, and do not run the indicator light and SET indicator light in the engine over 4,000 rpm. instrument panel go out. To reset at a slower cruising speed, use one of the following three methods. ● Do not accelerate at full throttle in any gear.The cruise control is automatically canceled andthe SET light in the instrument panel goes out if: ● Lightly tap the brake pedal. When the ve- ● Avoid quick starts. hicle attains the desired speed, push the ● you depress the brake or clutch pedal while ● Avoid hard braking as much as possible. COAST/SET switch and release it. pushing the ACCEL/RES or COAST/SET ● Do not tow a trailer for the first 500 miles switch. The preset speed is deleted from ● Push and hold the COAST/SET switch. Re- (800 km). Your engine, axle or other parts memory. lease the switch when the vehicle slows to could be damaged. the desired speed. ● the vehicle slows down more than 8 MPH (13 km/h) below the set speed. ● Push and release the COAST/SET switch. Each time you do this, the set speed de- ● you depress the clutch pedal (manual trans- creases by about 1 MPH (1.6 km/h). mission), or move the shift selector lever to N (Neutral) (automatic transmission). To resume the preset speed, push and re- lease the ACCEL/RES switch. The vehicle re- turns to the last set cruising speed when the vehicle speed is over 25 MPH (40 km/h).5-18 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  179. INCREASING FUEL ECONOMY USING FOUR WHEEL DRIVE (4WD)● Accelerate slowly and smoothly. Maintain ● The transfer case may be damaged if CAUTION cruising speeds with a constant accelerator you continue driving with the warning position. ● Do not drive the vehicle in the 4H or 4LO light blinking rapidly.● Drive at moderate speeds on the highway. position on dry hard surface roads. Driv- Driving at high speed lowers fuel economy. ing on dry, hard surfaces in 4H or 4LO TRANSFER CASE SHIFTING may cause unnecessary noise, tire wear● Avoid unnecessary stopping and braking. and increased fuel consumption. PROCEDURES Maintain a safe distance behind other vehicles. If the 4WD warning light turns on when The part time 4WD system provides 3 positions● Use a proper gear range which suits road (2WD, 4H and 4LO), so you can select the you are driving on dry hard surface conditions. On level roads, shift into high desired drive mode according to the driving con- roads: gear as soon as possible. ditions.● Avoid unnecessary engine idling. – in the 4H position, shift the 4WD shift switch to 2WD. 2WD or 4WD shift procedure:● Keep your engine tuned up. – in the 4LO position for automatic● Follow the recommended periodic mainte- transmission vehicles, stop the ve- nance schedule. hicle and shift the transmission se-● Keep the tires inflated to the correct pres- lector to the N position with the sure. Low tire pressure increases tire wear brake pedal depressed and shift the and lowers fuel economy. 4WD shift switch to 2WD.● Keep the front wheels in correct alignment. – in the 4LO position for manual trans- Improper alignment increases tire wear and mission vehicles, stop the vehicle lowers fuel economy. and shift the transmission shift lever● Air conditioner operation lowers fuel economy. to the N position with the clutch Use the air conditioner only when necessary. pedal depressed and shift the 4WD● When cruising at highway speeds, it is more shift switch to 2WD. economical to use the air conditioner and ● If the warning light is still on after the leave the windows closed to reduce drag. above operation, have your vehicle● Use 4H or 4L position only when checked by a NISSAN dealer as soon as necessary. Four-wheel drive operation low- possible. ers fuel economy. Starting and driving 5-19 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  180. 4WD Indicator Light Shift Wheels Use Conditions 4WD Shift Procedure Switch Driven 4WD shift Transfer 4LO Position position Move the 4WD switch. Rear For driving on dry, paved roads (Economy drive) or 2WD <—> 4H wheels state dynamometer I/M testing 4WD shift indicator light will indicate transfer shift position engaged. 2WD 4 wheels For driving on rocky, sandy or snow-covered roads 4H Neutral Neutral disengages the automatic transmission me- 1. Stop the vehicle. chanical parking lock, which will allow the vehicle to 2. For automatic transmission vehicles: Shift the transmission selector to the (N) roll. Do not leave the transfer shift position in Neu- position with the brake pedal depressed. *1 tral.*2 For manual transmission vehicles: Shift the transmission shift lever to the (N) posi- May blink tion with the clutch depressed. 3. For automatic transmission vehicles: Depress and turn the 4WD shift switch to 4LO or 4H with the brake pedal depressed. For manual transmission vehicles: Depress and turn the 4WD switch to 4LO or 4LO 4H. 4 wheels For use when maximum power and traction is re- THE TRANSFER CASE DOES NOT ENGAGE BETWEEN 4H AND 4LO (OR 4LO TO quired (for example: on steep grades or rocky, sandy, 4H) UNLESS YOU HAVE FIRST STOPPED THE VEHICLE, DEPRESSED THE Illuminated muddy roads) BRAKE PEDAL AND MOVED THE TRANSMISSION SELECTOR TO NEUTRAL FOR AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION VEHICLES. FOR MANUAL TRANSMISSION VE- HICLES YOU MUST MOVE THE TRANSMISSION SHIFT LEVER TO NEUTRAL. *3*1: Before moving the transmission selector or shift lever from neutral, wait until the 4LO indicator light stays on steady. This indicates that the 4WD shift procedure is completed and the transfer gear is correctly set inthe 4LO position. If the vehicle is shifted into gear before the indicator is on steady, the transfer gear may grind, not engage correctly or stay in the neutral position.- If the 4WD warning light illuminates, perform the following procedure to return the transfer case to correct operating condition.1. Turn off the engine by turning the ignition switch ЉOFFЉ.2. Start the engine.- Check that the 4WD warning light turns off. If the 4WD warning light illuminates, have the system checked by a NISSAN dealer.3. Apply the parking brake, for automatic transmission vehicles, depress the brake pedal and move the transmission selector to Neutral position. For manual transmission vehicles, move the transmission shift lever to Neutralposition.4. With the brake pedal depressed on automatic transmission vehicles, move the 4WD shift switch to desired mode.- Be sure to wait until the transfer gear change completes before shifting the transmission selector or transmission shift lever from Neutral position.*2: While changing in and out of 4LO, the ignition key must be ON and the vehicle’s engine must be running for a shift to take place and for the indicator lights (4WD shift and 4LO position indicator) to be operable.Otherwise, the shift will not take place and no indicator lights will be on or flashing.*3: Make sure the transfer 4LO position indicator light turns on when you shift the 4WD shift switch to 4LO.5-20 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  181. The transfer case 4WD shift switch is used to ● The 4LO indicator light must stop blink- ● Do not shift the 4WD shift switch (be-select either 2WD or 4WD depending on the ing and remain illuminated or turn off tween 2WD and 4H) while driving ondriving conditions. There are three types of drive before shifting the transmission into steep downhill grades. Use the enginemodes available, 2WD, 4H and 4LO. gear. If the transmission selector or brake and low automatic transmissionThe 4WD shift switch electronically controls the transmission shift lever is shifted from gears (D1 or D2) or manual transmis-transfer case operation. Rotate the switch to the (N) position to any other gear when sion (1st gear or 2nd gear) for engine the 4LO indicator light is blinking, the braking.move between each mode, 2WD, 4H and 4LO. vehicle may move unexpectedly. ● Do not operate the 4WD shift switchTo change into or out of 4LO, the vehicle (between 2WD and 4H) with the rearMUST be stationary, shift the transmission CAUTION wheels spinning.selector or transmission shift lever to Neu- ● Never shift the 4WD shift switch be- ● Do not drive on dry hard surface roadstral (N), and for automatic transmission tween 4LO and 4H while driving. in the 4H or 4LO position. Driving on dryvehicles depress the brake pedal. Theswitch must be depressed and turned when ● The 4H position provides greater power hard surfaces in 4H or 4LO may causechanging into or out of 4LO. and traction. Avoid excessive speed, as unnecessary noise and tire wear. it will cause increased fuel consump- NISSAN recommends driving in the tion and higher oil temperatures, and 2WD position under these conditions. WARNING could damage drivetrain components. ● The 4WD transfer case may not be Speeds over 62.5 MPH (100 km/h) in 4H shifted between 4H and 4LO at low am-● When parking, apply the parking brake is not recommended. bient temperatures and the transfer before stopping the engine and make ● The 4LO position provides maximum 4LO position indicator light may blink sure that the 4WD shift indicator light is power and traction. Avoid raising ve- even when the 4WD shift switch is on and the ATP warning light goes off. hicle speed excessively, as the maxi- shifted. After driving for a while you can Otherwise, the vehicle could unexpect- mum speed is approximately 31 MPH change the 4WD transfer case between edly move even if the automatic trans- (50 km/h). 4H and 4LO. mission is in the P position. ● When driving straight, shift the 4WD When driving on rough roads, shift switch to the 2WD or 4H position. ● Set the 4WD shift switch to 4H or 4LO. Do not move the 4WD shift switch when making a turn or reversing. ● Drive carefully according to the road surface conditions. Starting and driving 5-21 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  182. When the vehicle is stuck, clutch is released and not because of a malfunction. ● Use the Electronic Locking Rear Differential (E-Lock) system (if so equipped). Turn the switch ON while the vehicle is stationary and CAUTION apply the throttle to try to free the vehicle. ● When driving straight, shift the 4WD shift switch to the 2WD or 4H position. ● Place stones or wooden blocks under the Do not move the 4WD shift switch when tires to free the vehicle. making a turn or reversing. ● Set the 4WD shift switch to 4H or 4LO. ● Do not shift the 4WD shift switch while ● If it is difficult to free the vehicle, rock the driving on steep downhill grades. Use vehicle back and forth between reverse and the engine brake and low automatic drive gears. transmission gears (D1 or D2) or manual transmission (1st gear or 2nd ● If the vehicle is stuck deep in mud, tire chains gear) for engine braking. LSD0145 may be effective. 4WD shift switch operations ● Do not operate the 4WD shift switch CAUTION with the rear wheels spinning. ● Shift the 4WD shift switch to either the● Do not spin the tires excessively. Tires 2WD, 4H or 4LO position, depending on ● Before placing the 4WD shift switch in will sink deep into the mud, making it driving conditions. the 4H position from 2WD, ensure the difficult to free the vehicle. vehicle speed is less than 62.5 MPH ● If the 4WD shift switch is operated (100 km/h). Failure to do so can dam-● Avoid shifting gears with the engine while making a turn, accelerating or age the 4WD system. running at high speeds as this may decelerating or if the key switch is cause malfunction. turned off while in the 4H or 4LO posi- ● Never shift the 4WD shift switch be- tion, you may feel a jolt. This is not tween 4LO and 4H while driving. abnormal. 4WD shift indicator light ● When the vehicle is stopped after mak- ing a turn, you may feel a slight jolt after the selector lever is shifted to N or P. This occurs because the transfer5-22 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  183. ● The 4WD shift indicator light may blink 4WD warning light while shifting from one drive mode to the other. When the shifting is com- pleted, the 4WD shift indicator light will come on. If the indicator light does Comes on or blinks Warning light not come on immediately, make sure when: the area around the vehicle is safe, and drive the vehicle straight, accelerate or There is a malfunc- decelerate or move the vehicle in re- Comes on tion in the 4–wheel verse, then shift the 4WD shift switch. drive system ● If the 4WD warning light comes on, the 4WD indicator light goes out. The difference in Blinks slowly wheel rotation is LSD0147 CAUTION largeThe 4WD shift indicator light is located in the If the 4WD shift indicator light indicationodometer display. changes to 2WD when the 4WD shift The 4WD warning light is located in the meter.The light should turn off within 1 second after switch is shifted to the 4H position at low The 4WD warning light comes on when the keyturning the ignition switch to the ON position. ambient temperatures, the 2WD mode switch is turned to ON. It turns off soon after the may be being engaged due to malfunc- engine is started.While the engine is running, the 4WD shift indi- tioning drive system. If the indicator doescator light will illuminate the position selected by not return to normal and the 4WD warning If any malfunction occurs in the 4WD systemthe 4WD shift switch. light comes on, have the system checked when the key switch is ON, the warning light will by the nearest NISSAN dealer. either remain illuminated or blink. If the 4WD warning light comes on, the 4WD shift indicator light goes out. Starting and driving 5-23 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  184. ELECTRONIC LOCKING REAR DIFFERENTIAL (E-Lock) SYSTEM (if so equipped)A large difference between the diameters of front ● Do not drive the vehicle in the 4H or 4LO The E-Lock system can provide additional trac-and rear wheels will make the warning light blink position on dry hard surface roads. Driv- tion and should only be used when a vehicle hasslowly (about once per two seconds). Change ing on dry, hard surfaces in 4H or 4LO become or is becoming stuck. This system oper-the 4WD shift switch into 2WD and do not drive may cause unnecessary noise, tire wear ates by electronically “locking” the two rear drivefast. and increased fuel consumption. wheels together, allowing them to turn at the same speed. The system is used when it is not CAUTION If the 4WD warning light turns on when possible to free a stuck vehicle even when using you are driving on dry hard surface● If the warning light comes on or blinks the 4LO position (4 wheel drive vehicles). roads: slowly during operation, have your ve- When added traction is required, activate the hicle checked by a NISSAN dealer as – in the 4H position, shift the 4WD shift switch to 2WD. E-Lock system by pushing the switch ON. See soon as possible. “Electronic Locking Rear Differential (E-Lock)● Shifting between 4H and 4LO is not – in the 4LO position for automatic system switch” in the “Instruments and Controls” recommended when the 4WD warning transmission vehicles, stop the ve- section. Once the system fully engages, the indi- light turns on. hicle and shift the transmission se- cator light in the instrument panel will remain ON. lector to the N position with the When the system is activated, both rear wheels● When the warning light comes on, the brake pedal depressed and shift the 2WD mode may be engaged even if the will engage, providing added traction. 4WD shift switch to 2WD. 4WD shift switch is in 4H. Be especially The rear wheels may momentarily slip or move to careful when driving. If corresponding – in the 4LO position for manual trans- mission vehicles, stop the vehicle engage the system, and the system will only parts are malfunctioning, the 4WD function up to approximately 4 MPH (7 km/h). mode will not be engaged even if the and shift the transmission shift lever to the N position with the clutch Once the vehicle is free, the system should be 4WD shift switch is shifted. turned OFF and driving resumed. pedal depressed and shift the 4WD shift switch to 2WD. The Anti-Lock Brake (ABS) system is disabled ● If the warning light is still on after the and the ABS light illuminates when the E-Lock above operation, have your vehicle system is ON. Also, the Vehicle Dynamic Control checked by a NISSAN dealer as soon as (VDC) system is disabled and the VDC light possible. illuminates when the E-Lock system is ON.5-24 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  185. WARNING ● Do not drive the vehicle at speeds faster than 12 mph (20 km/h) when the system● Never leave the E-Lock system ON is engaged. Doing so could damage when driving on paved or hard-surfaced drivetrain components. roads. Turning the vehicle may result in the rear wheels slipping and result in an accident and personal injury. After us- ing the E-Lock system to free the ve- hicle, turn the system OFF.● Use the E-Lock system only when free- ing a stuck vehicle. Try the 4LO position before using the E-Lock system. Never use the E-Lock system on a slippery road surface such as snow or ice sur- face. Using the E-Lock system when driving in these road conditions may cause unexpected movement of the ve- hicle during engine braking, accelerat- ing or turning, which may result in an accident and serious personal injury. CAUTION● After using the E-Lock system, turn the switch OFF to prevent possible damage to driveline components from extended use. Starting and driving 5-25 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  186. PARKING/PARKING ON HILLS 1. Firmly apply the parking brake. 2. Manual transmission models: Place the shift lever in the R (Reverse) posi- tion. When parking on an uphill grade, place the shift lever in 1st gear. Automatic transmission models: Move the shift selector lever to the P (Park) position. 3. To help prevent the vehicle from rolling into traffic when parked on an incline, it is a good practice to turn the wheels as illustrated. ● HEADED DOWNHILL WITH CURB: ᭺ A WSD0050 Turn the wheels into the curb and move the WARNING Make sure the shift lever has been vehicle forward until the curb side wheel pushed as far forward as it can go and gently touches the curb.● Do not stop or park the vehicle over cannot be moved without depressing flammable materials such as dry grass, ● HEADED UPHILL WITH CURB: ᭺ B the foot brake pedal. waste paper or rags. They may ignite Turn the wheels away from the curb and and cause a fire. ● Never leave the engine running while move the vehicle back until the curb side the vehicle is unattended. wheel gently touches the curb.● Safe parking procedures require that both the parking brake be set and the ● Do not leave children unattended inside ● HEADED UPHILL OR DOWNHILL, NO transmission placed into P (Park) for the vehicle. They could unknowingly ac- CURB: ᭺ C automatic transmission models or in an tivate switches or controls. Unattended appropriate gear for manual transmis- children could become involved in seri- Turn the wheels toward the side of the road sion models. Failure to do so could ous accidents. so the vehicle will move away from the cen- cause the vehicle to move unexpectedly ter of the road if it moves. or roll away and result in an accident. 4. Turn the ignition key to the LOCK position and remove the key.5-26 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  187. POWER STEERING BRAKE SYSTEMThe power assisted steering uses a hydraulic The brake system has two separate hydraulic WARNINGpump, driven by the engine, to assist steering. circuits. If one circuit malfunctions, you will still have braking at two wheels. ● While driving on a slippery surface, beIf the engine stops or the drive belt breaks, you careful when braking, accelerating orwill still have control of the vehicle. However, BRAKE PRECAUTIONS downshifting. Abrupt braking or accel-much greater steering effort is needed, especially erating could cause the wheels to skidin sharp turns and at low speeds. Vacuum assisted brakes and result in an accident. WARNING The brake booster aids braking by using engine ● If the engine is not running or is turned vacuum. If the engine stops, you can stop the off while driving, the power assist forIf the engine is not running or is turned off vehicle by depressing the brake pedal. However, the brakes will not work. Braking will bewhile driving, the power assist for the greater foot pressure on the brake pedal will be harder.steering will not work. Steering will be required to stop the vehicle and stopping dis-much harder to operate. tance will be longer. Wet brakes Using the brakes When the vehicle is washed or driven through water, the brakes may get wet. As a result, your Avoid resting your foot on the brake pedal while braking distance will be longer and the vehicle driving. This will overheat the brakes, wear out the may pull to one side during braking. brakes and pads faster, and reduce gas mileage. To dry the brakes, drive the vehicle at a safe To help reduce brake wear and to prevent the speed while lightly pressing the brake pedal to brakes from overheating, reduce speed and heat up the brakes. Do this until the brakes return downshift to a lower gear before going down a to normal. Avoid driving the vehicle at high slope or long grade. Overheated brakes may speeds until the brakes function correctly. reduce braking performance and could result in loss of vehicle control. Parking brake break-in Break in the parking brake shoes whenever the stopping effect of the parking brake is weakened or whenever the parking brake shoes and/or drum/rotors are replaced, in order to assure the best brake performance. Starting and driving 5-27 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  188. This procedure is described in the vehicle service ing abruptly or when braking on a slippery road. If the light comes on during the self-test or whilemanual and can be performed by a NISSAN Thus, difficult steering and swerving of the ve- driving, take the vehicle to a NISSAN dealer fordealer. hicle due to locked wheels is minimized. The repair. system detects the wheel rotation rate and elec-ANTI-LOCK BRAKE SYSTEM (ABS) tronically controls the pressure applied to each WARNINGThe anti-lock brake system controls the brakes so brake. Slight vibration on the brake pedal accom- ● The anti-lock brake system is a sophis-the wheels do not lock when braking abruptly or panied by noise usually occurs while the ABS ticated device, but it cannot prevent ac-when braking on slippery surfaces. The system system is operating. Such vibration and noise cidents resulting from careless or dan-detects the rotation speed at each wheel and encountered during abrupt braking is not a prob- gerous driving techniques. It can helpvaries the brake fluid pressure to prevent each lem, but indicates that the system is functioning maintain vehicle control during brakingwheel from locking and sliding. By preventing properly. However, the pulsation may indicate on slippery surfaces, but remember thatwheel lockup, the system helps the driver main- that road conditions are hazardous and extra care the stopping distance on slippery sur-tain steering control and helps to minimize swerv- is required while driving. faces will be longer than on normaling and spinning on slippery surfaces. surfaces even with the anti-lock brake Self-test feature system. Stopping distances may alsoUsing the system be longer on rough, gravel or snow cov- The anti-lock brake system consists of electronicDepress the brake pedal and hold it down. sensors and hydraulic solenoids controlled by a ered roads, or if you are using tire computer. The computer has a built-in diagnostic chains. Tire type and condition may also WARNING affect braking effectiveness. Always feature that tests the system each time you start maintain a safe distance from the ve-Do not pump the brake pedal. Doing so the engine and move the vehicle at a low speed in hicle in front of you. Ultimately, the re-may result in increased stopping forward or reverse. When the self-test occurs, sponsibility for safety of self and othersdistances. you may hear a ‘‘clunk’’ noise and/or feel a pulsa- rests in the hands of the driver. tion in the brake pedal. This is normal and is notNormal operation an indication of any malfunction. If the computer ● Tire type and condition of tires may also senses any malfunction, it switches the anti-lock affect braking effectiveness.The anti-lock brake system does not operate atspeeds below 3 - 6 MPH (5 - 10 km/h). (The brake system off and turns on the ABS brake ● When replacing tires, install the speci-speeds vary according to road conditions.) warning light on the instrument panel. The brake fied size of tires on all four wheels. system then operates normally, but without anti-When driving, the anti-lock brake system con- lock assistance.trols the wheels so they will not lock when brak-5-28 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  189. ACTIVE BRAKE LIMITED SLIP (ABLS) VEHICLE DYNAMIC CONTROL (VDC) SYSTEM (if so equipped) SYSTEM (if so equipped)● When installing a spare tire, make sure ● ABLS is a form of traction control using When accelerating or driving on slippery sur- it is the proper size and type as speci- sensors from the Anti-lock Brake System faces, the tires may spin or slide. With the Vehicle fied on the tire placard. For tire placard (ABS) to transfer power from a slipping drive Dynamic Control (VDC) system, sensors detect location information, refer to “Tire plac- wheel to a wheel with more traction. The these movements and control the braking and ard” in the “Technical and consumer ABLS system applies braking to the slipping engine output to help improve vehicle stability. information” section of this manual. wheel, which helps redirect power to an- other wheel. ● When the vehicle dynamic control (VDC)● Refer to “Wheels and tires” in the system is operating, the SLIP indicator in the “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” sec- ● On 4WD models the ABLS system operates instrument panel blinks. tion of this manual. in both 4H and 4LO modes. On 2WD ve- hicles, the ABLS system operates on the ● If the SLIP indicator blinks, the road condi- drive axle only. tions are slippery. Be sure to adjust your speed and driving to these conditions. See ● The ABLS system is always ON unless the system detects brake pad overheating. If “Slip indicator light”, and “Vehicle dynamic high brake pad temperature is detected, it control (VDC) off indicator light” in the “In- will turn OFF, but normal brake function will struments and controls” section. continue. ABLS will function even when the If the battery is removed or discharged, the trac- VDC system (if so equipped) is turned OFF. tion control system may be disabled and the SLIP and indicator lights will not turn off WARNING after 2 seconds when the ignition switch is turned The ABLS system provides increased trac- to the ON position. Perform the following proce- tion, but will not prevent accidents due to dure to reset the system: abrupt steering operation or by careless ● Start the engine and set the steering wheel driving or dangerous driving practices. Reduce vehicle speed and be especially in the straight forward position. careful when driving and cornering on ● Drive the vehicle at speeds above 10 mph slippery surfaces, and always drive (15 km/h) for at least 10 minutes. carefully. ● The VDC OFF indicator light should go off indicating the traction control system is op- erational. Starting and driving 5-29 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  190. ● If you interrupt the reset procedure by turn- ● When driving on extremely inclined sur- WARNING ing the ignition off, you will need to restart faces such as higher banked corners, the reset procedure. ● The vehicle dynamic control system is the vehicle dynamic control system may designed to help improve driving stabil- not operate properly and the VDC OFFIf after driving the vehicle for more than 10 min- ity but does not prevent accidents dueutes and the SLIP and lights remain illumi- indicator light may come on. Do not to abrupt steering operation at high drive on these types of roads.nated in the instrument panel, have the vehicle speeds or by careless or dangerousdynamic control system checked by a NISSAN driving techniques. Reduce vehicle ● When driving on an unstable surfacedealer. speed and be especially careful when such as a turntable, ferry, elevator or driving and cornering on slippery sur- ramp, the vehicle dynamic control offIf the vehicle is operated with the vehicle dynamic indicator light may illuminate. This is faces and always drive carefully.control system off using the VDC OFF switch, not a malfunction. Restart the enginemost VDC functions will be turned off. The VDC ● If brake related parts such as brake after driving onto a stable surfacesystem will still try to transfer power from a slip- pads, rotors and calipers are not stan-ping drive wheel to one with more traction when dard equipment or are extremely dete- ● If wheels or tires other than the recom-the VDC system switch is OFF. The Slip indicator riorated, the vehicle dynamic control mended ones are used, the vehicle dy- system may not operate properly and namic control system may not operatewill flash if wheel spin is detected. The ABS will the vehicle dynamic control off indica- properly and the vehicle dynamic con-still operate with the VDC system off. tor light may come on. trol off indicator light may come on.When the VDC system is operating, you may feel ● The vehicle dynamic control system is ● Do not modify the vehicle’s suspension.a pulsation in the brake pedal and hear a noise or If suspension parts such as shock ab- not a substitute for winter tires or tirevibration from under the hood. This is normal and sorbers, struts, springs, stabilizer bars chains on a snow covered road.indicates that the VDC system is working prop- and bushings are not NISSAN approvederly. for your vehicle or are extremely dete-The computer has a built in diagnostic feature riorated the vehicle dynamic controlthat tests the system each time you start the system may not operate properly. Thisengine and move the vehicle forward or in reverse could adversely affect vehicle handling performance, and the VDC OFF indica-at a slow speed. When the self-test occurs, you tor light may come on.may hear a clunk noise and/or feel a pulsation inthe brake pedal. This is normal and is not anindication of a malfunction.5-30 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  191. HILL DESCENT CONTROL (HDC) HILL START ASSIST (HSA) SYSTEMSYSTEM (if so equipped) (if so equipped) the driver to concentrate on steering while reduc- WARNING WARNING ing the burden of brake and accelerator opera-● Never rely solely on the hill descent tion. ● Never rely solely on the hill start assist control system to control vehicle speed system to prevent the vehicle from mov- when driving on steep down hill grades. ● When additional braking is required on ing backward on a hill. Always drive Always drive carefully and attentively steep downhill roads activate the HDC sys- carefully and attentively. Depress the when using the hill descent control sys- tem by pushing the switch ON, see “Hill brake pedal when the vehicle is tem and decelerate the vehicle speed descent control (HDC) switch” in the “In- stopped on a steep hill. Be especially by depressing the brake pedal if neces- struments and controls” section. careful when stopped on a hill on frozen sary. Be especially careful when driving ● Once the system is activated the indicator or muddy roads. Failure to prevent the on frozen, muddy or an extremely steep light will remain on in the instrument panel, vehicle from rolling backwards may re- downhill roads. Failure to control ve- see “Hill descent control (HDC) system on sult in a loss of control of the vehicle hicle speed may result in a loss of con- indicator light” in the “Instruments and con- and possible serious injury or death. trol of the vehicle and possible serious trols” section. ● The hill start assist system is not de- injury or death. For the best results, when descending steep signed to hold the vehicle at a standstill● The hill descent control may not control downhill grades, the HDC switch should be ON on a hill. Depress the brake pedal when the vehicle speed on a hill under all load and the selector lever in 2 (Second gear) or 1 the vehicle is stopped on a steep hill. or road conditions. Always be prepared (Low gear) for engine braking. Failure to do so may cause the vehicle to depress the brake pedal to control to roll backwards and may result in a vehicle speed. Failure to do so may re- collision or serious personal injury. sult in a collision or serious personal ● The hill start assist may not prevent the injury. vehicle from rolling backwards on a hillThe hill descent control system helps maintain under all load or road conditions. Al-vehicle speed when driving under 15-21 mph ways be prepared to depress the brake(25-35 km/h) on steeper downhill grades. HDC pedal to prevent the vehicle from rollingis useful when engine braking alone in 4H or 4L backwards. Failure to do so may result in a collision or serious personal injury.cannot control vehicle speed. HDC applies thevehicle brakes to control vehicle speed allowing Starting and driving 5-31 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  192. COLD WEATHER DRIVINGThe hill start assist system automatically keeps FREEING A FROZEN DOOR LOCK For details, see ‘‘Changing engine coolant’’ in thethe brakes applied to help prevent the vehicle ‘‘Maintenance and do-it-yourself’’ section of thisfrom rolling backwards in the time it takes the To prevent a door lock from freezing, apply de- manual.driver to release the brake pedal and apply the icer through the key hole. If the lock becomesaccelerator when the vehicle is stopped on a hill. frozen, heat the key before inserting it into the key TIRE EQUIPMENT hole. 1. SUMMER tires have a tread designed toHill start assist will operate automatically underthe following conditions: ANTI-FREEZE provide superior performance on dry pave- ment. However, the performance of these ● The selector lever is shifted to a forward or In the winter when it is anticipated that the tem- tires will be substantially reduced in snowy reverse gear. perature will drop below 32°F (0°C), check the and icy conditions. If you operate your ve- ● The vehicle is stopped completely on a hill anti-freeze to assure proper winter protection. hicle on snowy or icy roads, NISSAN recom- by applying the brake. For details, see ‘‘Engine cooling system’’ in the mends the use of MUD & SNOW or ALL ‘‘Maintenance and do-it-yourself’’ section of this SEASON TIRES on all four wheels. PleaseThe maximum holding time is 2 seconds. After 2 consult a NISSAN dealer for the tire type, manual.seconds the vehicle will begin to roll back and hill size, speed rating and availability informa-start assist will stop operating completely. BATTERY tion.Hill start assist will not operate when the selector If the battery is not fully charged during extremely 2. For additional traction on icy roads, studdedlever is shifted to N or P or on a flat and level road. cold weather conditions, the battery fluid may tires may be used. However, some U.S. freeze and damage the battery. To maintain maxi- states and Canadian provinces prohibit their mum efficiency, the battery should be checked use. Check local, state and provincial laws regularly. For details, see ‘‘Battery’’ in the ‘‘Main- before installing studded tires. tenance and do-it-yourself’’ section of this Skid and traction capabilities of studded manual. snow tires on wet or dry surfaces may be poorer than that of non-studded snow tires. DRAINING OF COOLANT WATER 3. Tire chains may be used. If the vehicle is to be left outside without anti- freeze, drain the cooling system, including the Use of tire chains may be prohibited accord- engine block. Refill before operating the vehicle. ing to location. Check the local laws before installing tire chains. When installing tire chains, make sure they are of proper size for5-32 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  193. the tires on your vehicle and are installed SPECIAL WINTER EQUIPMENT ● Allow more stopping distance underaccording to the chain manufacturer’s sug- these conditions. Braking should begestions. Use only SAE Class “S” It is recommended that the following items be started sooner than on dry pavement.chains. Class “S” chains are used on ve- carried in the vehicle during winter:hicles with restricted tire to vehicle clear- ● Allow greater following distances on ● A scraper and stiff-bristled brush to remove slippery roads.ance. Vehicles that can use Class “S” chains ice and snow from the windows and wiperare designed to meet the minimum clear- ● Watch for slippery spots (glare ice). blades.ances between the tire and the closest ve- These may appear on an otherwisehicle suspension or body component re- ● A sturdy, flat board to be placed under the clear road in shaded areas. If a patch ofquired to accommodate the use of a winter jack to give it firm support. ice is seen ahead, brake before reach-traction device (tire chains or cables). The ing it. Try not to brake while on the ice,minimum clearances are determined using ● A shovel to dig the vehicle out of snowdrifts. and avoid any sudden steeringthe factory equipped tire size. Other types ● Extra window washer fluid to refill the reser- maneuvers.may damage your vehicle. Use chain ten- voir tank.sioners when recommended by the tire ● Do not use the cruise control on slip-chain manufacturer to ensure a tight fit. DRIVING ON SNOW OR ICE pery roads.Loose end links of the tire chain must be ● Snow can trap dangerous exhaustsecured or removed to prevent the possibil- WARNING gases under your vehicle. Keep snowity of whipping action damage to the fenders clear of the exhaust pipe and from ● Wet ice (32°F, 0°C and freezing rain),or underbody. If possible, avoid fully loading around your vehicle. very cold snow or ice can be slick andyour vehicle when using tire chains. In addi- very hard to drive on. The vehicle willtion, drive at a reduced speed. Otherwise, have much less traction or “grip” under ENGINE BLOCK HEATER (if soyour vehicle may be damaged and/or vehicle equipped) these conditions. Try to avoid driving onhandling and performance may be adversely wet ice until the road is salted oraffected. An engine block heater to assist in extreme cold sanded.Never install tire chains on spare tires. Do temperature starting is available through a ● Whatever the condition, drive with cau- NISSAN dealer.not use tire chains on dry roads. tion. Accelerate and slow down with care. If accelerating or downshifting too fast, the drive wheels will lose even more traction. Starting and driving 5-33 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  194. WARNINGDo not use your heater with an un-grounded electrical system or two-pronged (cheater) adapters. You can beinjured by an electrical shock if you use anungrounded connection.5-34 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  195. 6 In case of emergencyFirst aid kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2 Push starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10Flat tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2 If your vehicle overheats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10 Low tire pressure warning system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2 Towing your vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11 Changing a flat tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3 Towing recommended by NISSAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8 Vehicle recovery (freeing a stuck vehicle) . . . . . . . . . 6-14 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  196. FIRST AID KIT FLAT TIRE LOW TIRE PRESSURE WARNING SYSTEM This vehicle is equipped with the low tire pres- sure warning system. It monitors tire pressure of all tires except the spare. When the tire pressure monitoring system warning light is lit, one or more of your tires is significantly under-inflated. If equipped, the system also displays pressure of all tires (except the spare tire) on the display screen by sending a signal from a sensor that is installed in each wheel. If the vehicle is being driven with low tire pressure (lower than 28 psi, 193 kPa), the low tire pressure warning system LCE0114 will activate and warn you of it by the low tireA first aid kit is located on the back door trim pressure warning light. This system will activatepanel. To remove the first aid kit: only when the vehicle is driven at speeds above᭺1 Squeeze the latch buttons. 20 MPH (32 km/h). For more details, refer to “Warning/indicator lights and audible reminders”᭺2 Pull the two straps apart to unfasten. in the “Instruments and controls” section, “Tire pressure information” in the “Display screen, heater, air conditioner and audio systems” sec- tion and “Low tire pressure warning system” in the “Starting and driving” section.6-2 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  197. WARNING CHANGING A FLAT TIRE ● Never change tires when the vehicle is If you have a flat tire, follow the instructions be- on a slope, ice or slippery areas. This is● If the low tire pressure warning light hazardous. flashes while driving, avoid sudden low. steering maneuvers or abrupt braking, ● Never change tires if oncoming traffic is reduce vehicle speed, pull off the road Stopping the vehicle close to your vehicle. Wait for profes- to a safe location and stop the vehicle 1. Safely move the vehicle off the road and sional road assistance. as soon as possible. Serious vehicle away from traffic. ● When a spare tire is mounted or a wheel damage could occur and may lead to an is replaced, the low tire pressure warn- accident and could result in serious 2. Turn on the hazard warning flashers. ing system will not function. Contact personal injury. Check the tire pressure your NISSAN dealer as soon possible 3. Park on a level surface and apply the parking for all four tires. Adjust the tire pressure for tire replacement and/or system re- brake. Shift the manual transmission into R to the recommended COLD tire pres- setting. (For models with the low tire sure shown on the Tire and Loading (Reverse), or the automatic transmission into P (Park). pressure warning system) Information label to turn the low tire pressure warning light OFF. If you have 4. Turn off the engine. a flat tire, replace it with a spare tire as soon as possible. 5. Raise the hood to warn other traffic and to signal professional road assistance person-● When a spare tire is mounted or a wheel nel that you need assistance. is replaced, tire pressure will not be indicated and the low tire pressure 6. Have all passengers get out of the vehicle warning system will not function. Con- and stand in a safe place, away from traffic tact your NISSAN dealer as soon as and clear of the vehicle. possible for tire replacement and/or system resetting. WARNING● Do not inject any tire liquid or aerosol ● Make sure the parking brake is securely tire sealant into the tires, as this may applied and the manual transmission is cause a malfunction of the tire pressure shifted into R (Reverse), or the auto- sensors. matic transmission into P (Park). In case of emergency 6-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  198. WCE0044 LCE0115 LCE0117Blocking wheels Getting the spare tire and tools 3. Find the oval-shaped opening above the middle of the bumper. Pass the T-shapedPlace suitable blocks ᭺ at both the front and 1 1. Fold the rear bench seat cushion forward. end of the jack rod through the opening andback of the wheel diagonally opposite the flat tire Refer to “Folding the 2nd row bench seat” in direct it toward the spare tire winch, located᭺ to prevent the vehicle from moving when it is 2 the “Safety–Seats, seat belts and supple- directly above the spare tire.jacked up. mental restraint system” section earlier in this manual. CAUTION WARNING 2. Remove the jack and jacking tools. Do not insert the jack rod straight as it isBe sure to block the wheel as the vehicle designed to be inserted at an angle asmay move and result in personal injury. shown.6-4 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  199. 5. Seat the T-shaped end of the jack rod into ● Use the correct jack-up points. Never the T-shaped opening of the tire winch. Ap- use any other part of the vehicle for jack ply pressure to keep the jack rod engaged in support. the spare tire winch and turn the jack rod counterclockwise to lower the spare tire. ● Never jack up the vehicle more than necessary. 6. Once the spare tire is completely lowered, ● Never use blocks on or under the jack. reach under the vehicle, remove the retainer chain, and carefully slide the tire from under ● Do not start or run the engine while the rear of the vehicle. vehicle is on the jack. It may cause the vehicle to move. This is especially true CAUTION for vehicles with limited slip differentials. Be sure to center the spare tire suspend- ing plate on the wheel and then lift the ● Do not allow passengers to stay in the spare tire. vehicle while it is on the jack. ● Never run the engine with a wheel(s) off Jacking up vehicle and removing the the ground. It may cause the vehicle to damaged tire move. WARNING Always refer to the illustration for the correct placement and jack-up points for your specific ● Never get under the vehicle while it is vehicle model and jack type. supported only by the jack. If it is nec- LCE0118 essary to work under the vehicle, sup- Carefully read the caution label attached to port it with safety stands. the jack body and the following instruc-4. Fit the square end of the jack rod into the tions. square hole of the wheel nut wrench to form ● Use only the jack provided with your a handle. vehicle to lift the vehicle. Do not use the 1. Loosen each wheel nut one or two turns by jack provided with your vehicle on other turning counterclockwise with the wheel nut vehicles. The jack is designed for lifting wrench. Do not remove the wheel nuts only your vehicle during a tire change. until the tire is off the ground. In case of emergency 6-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  200. LCE0119 LCE0087 2. Place the jack directly under the jack-up The jack should be used on firm and 3. Install the assembled jack rod into the jack point as illustrated so the top of the jack level ground. as shown. contacts the vehicle at the jack-up point. The 4. To lift the vehicle, securely hold the jack lever front tire jack-up points are indicated by and rod. Carefully raise the vehicle until the stamped arrows on the side of the frame. tire clears the ground.6-6 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  201. 5. Remove the wheel nuts and then remove the 4. Lower the vehicle slowly until the tire tire. touches the ground. Then, with the wheel nut wrench, tighten the wheel nuts securely in the sequence illustrated. Lower the ve- hicle completely. WARNING ● Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose or come off. This could cause an accident. ● Do not use oil or grease on the wheel studs or nuts. This could cause the nuts WCE0063 to become loose. Installing the spare tire Retighten the wheel nuts after the vehicle The spare tire is designed for emergency has been driven for 600 miles (1,000 km) use. See specific instructions under the (also in cases of a flat tire, etc.). As soon as heading “Wheels and tires” in the “Mainte- possible, tighten the wheel nuts to the nance and do-it-yourself” section of this specified torque with a torque wrench. manual. Wheel nut tightening torque: 1. Clean any mud or dirt from the surface be- 98 ft-lb (133 N·m) tween the wheel and hub. The wheel nuts must be kept tightened to 2. Carefully put the spare tire on and tighten specification at all times. It is recom- the wheel nuts finger tight. mended that wheel nuts be tightened to 3. With the wheel nut wrench, tighten wheel specifications at each lubrication interval. nuts alternately and evenly as illustrated until Adjust tire pressure to the COLD pressure. they are tight. In case of emergency 6-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  202. JUMP STARTINGCOLD pressure: After vehicle has been To start your engine with a booster battery, the ● Whenever working on or near a battery,parked for three hours or more or driven instructions and precautions below must be fol- always wear suitable eye protectors (forless than 1 mile (1.6 km). lowed. example, goggles or industrial safetyCOLD tire pressures are shown on the Tire spectacles) and remove rings, metaland Loading Information label affixed to WARNING bands, or any other jewelry. Do not leanthe driver side center pillar. ● If done incorrectly, jump starting can over the battery when jump starting. 5. Securely store the flat tire and jacking equip- lead to a battery explosion, resulting in ● Do not attempt to jump start a frozen ment in the vehicle. severe injury or death. It could also battery. It could explode and cause se- damage your vehicle. rious injury. WARNING ● Explosive hydrogen gas is always ● Your vehicle has an automatic engine present in the vicinity of the battery. cooling fan. It could come on at any● Always make sure that the spare tire Keep all sparks and flames away from time. Keep hands and other objects and jacking equipment are properly se- the battery. away from it. cured after use. Such items can become dangerous projectiles in an accident or ● Do not allow battery fluid to come into sudden stop. contact with eyes, skin, clothing or painted surfaces. Battery fluid is a cor-● The spare tire is designed for emer- rosive sulfuric acid solution which can gency use. See specific instructions un- cause severe burns. If the fluid should der the heading “Wheels and tires” in come into contact with anything, imme- the “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” diately flush the contacted area with section of this manual. water. ● Keep battery out of the reach of children. ● The booster battery must be rated at 12 volts. Use of an improperly rated battery can damage your vehicle.6-8 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  203. CAUTION ● Always connect positive (ϩ) to positive (ϩ) and negative (Ϫ) to body ground (for example, strut mounting bolt, engine lift bracket, etc.) — not to the battery. ● Make sure the jumper cables do not touch moving parts in the engine com- partment and that the cable clamps do not contact any other metal. 5. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and let it run for a few minutes. WCE0066 6. Keep the engine speed of the booster ve- hicle at about 2,000 rpm, and start the en- 2. Apply the parking brake. Move the shift lever gine of the vehicle being jump started. WARNING to N (Neutral) (manual transmission) or to PAlways follow the instructions below. (Park) (automatic transmission). Switch offFailure to do so could result in damage to CAUTION all unnecessary electrical systems (lights,the charging system and cause personal heater, air conditioner, etc.). Do not keep the starter motor engaged forinjury. more than 10 seconds. If the engine does 3. Remove vent caps on the battery (if so not start right away, turn the key off and1. If the booster battery is in another vehicle, equipped). Cover the battery with an old wait 3 to 4 seconds before trying again. position the two vehicles to bring their bat- cloth to reduce explosion hazard. teries near each other. 7. After starting the engine, carefully discon- 4. Connect jumper cables in the sequence il- nect the negative cable and then the positive Do not allow the two vehicles to touch. lustrated (᭺, ᭺, ᭺, ᭺). A B C D cable. In case of emergency 6-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  204. PUSH STARTING IF YOUR VEHICLE OVERHEATS 8. Replace the vent caps (if so equipped). Be CAUTION WARNING sure to dispose of the cloth used to cover the vent holes as it may be contaminated ● Automatic transmission models cannot ● Do not continue to drive if your vehicle with corrosive acid. be push-started or tow-started. At- overheats. Doing so could cause engine tempting to do so may cause transmis- damage or a vehicle fire. sion damage. ● To avoid the danger of being scalded, ● Three-way catalyst equipped models never remove the radiator or coolant should not be started by pushing. The reservoir cap while the engine is still three-way catalyst may be damaged. hot. When the radiator or coolant reser- voir cap is removed, pressurized hot ● Never try to start the vehicle by towing water will spurt out, possibly causing it. When the engine starts, the forward serious injury. surge could cause the vehicle to collide with the tow vehicle. ● Do not open the hood if steam is com- ing out. If your vehicle is overheating (indicated by an extremely high temperature gauge reading and the illumination of the engine oil pressure/engine coolant temperature high indicator light), or if you feel a lack of engine power, detect abnormal noise, etc. take the following steps. 1. Move the vehicle safely off the road, apply the parking brake and move the shift lever to P (Park). Do not stop the engine. 2. Turn off the air conditioner. Open all the windows, move the heater or air conditioner temperature control to maximum hot and fan control to high speed.6-10 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  205. TOWING YOUR VEHICLE3. Get out of the vehicle. Look and listen for 6. After the engine cools down, check the cool- When towing your vehicle, all State (Provincial in steam or coolant escaping from the radiator ant level in the engine coolant reservoir tank Canada) and local regulations for towing must be before opening the hood. (If steam or cool- with the engine running. Add coolant to the followed. Incorrect towing equipment could dam- ant is escaping, turn off the engine.) Do not engine coolant reservoir tank if necessary. age your vehicle. Towing instructions are avail- open the hood further until no steam or Have your vehicle repaired at a NISSAN able from a NISSAN dealer. Local service opera- coolant can be seen. dealer. tors are generally familiar with the applicable laws and procedures for towing. To assure proper4. Open the engine hood. towing and to prevent accidental damage to your vehicle, NISSAN recommends having a service WARNING operator tow your vehicle. It is advisable to haveIf steam or water is coming from the en- the service operator carefully read the followinggine, stand clear to prevent getting precautions:burned.5. Visually check drive belts for damage or WARNING looseness. Also check if the cooling fan is ● Never ride in a vehicle that is being running. The radiator hoses and radiator towed. should not leak water. If coolant is leaking, ● Never get under your vehicle after it has the water pump belt is missing or loose, or been lifted by a tow truck. the cooling fan does not run, stop the en- gine. CAUTION WARNING ● When towing, make sure that the trans- mission, axles, steering system andBe careful not to allow your hands, hair, powertrain are in working condition. Ifjewelry or clothing to come into contact any unit is damaged, dollies must bewith, or get caught in, engine belts or the used.engine cooling fan. The engine coolingfan can start at any time when the coolant ● Always attach safety chains beforetemperature is high. towing. In case of emergency 6-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  206. For information about towing your vehicle behind CAUTIONa recreational vehicle (RV), refer to “Flat towing”in the “Technical and consumer information” sec- ● Never tow automatic transmissiontion of this manual. models with the rear wheels on the ground or four wheels on the groundTOWING RECOMMENDED BY (forward or backward), as this mayNISSAN cause serious and expensive damage to the transmission. If it is necessary to tow the vehicle with the front wheels raised always use towing dollies under the rear wheels. ● When towing automatic or manual transmission models with the front wheels on the ground or on towing dollies: – Turn the ignition key to the OFF po- sition, and secure the steering wheel in a straight-ahead position with a rope or similar device. Never secure the steering wheel by turning the ig- nition key to the LOCK position. This may damage the steering lock ACE1037 mechanism. Two-wheel drive models ● If you have to tow manual transmission models with the rear wheels on the NISSAN recommends that your vehicle be towed ground (if you do not use towing dol- with the driving (rear) wheels off the ground or lies) or four wheels on the ground: place the vehicle on a flat bed truck as illustrated. ● Always release the parking brake.6-12 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  207. ● Move the transmission shift lever to the N (Neutral) position. ● Observe the following restricted tow- ing speeds and distances for manual transmission models only: Speed: Below 60 MPH (97 km/h) Distance: Less than 500 miles (805 km)If the speed or distance must necessarily begreater, remove the propeller shaft before towingto prevent damage to the transmission. WSD0097 Four-wheel drive models ● When towing automatic or manual transmission models with the front NISSAN recommends that towing dollies be wheels on the ground or on towing used when towing your vehicle or place the ve- dollies: hicle on a flat bed truck as illustrated. ● Move the transfer case shift lever to CAUTION the 2H position. ● Never tow automatic transmission ● Turn the ignition key to the OFF po- models with the rear wheels on the sition, and secure the steering wheel ground or four wheels on the ground, as in a straight-ahead position with a this may cause serious and expensive rope or similar device. Never secure damage to the transmission. If it is nec- the steering wheel by turning the ig- essary to tow the vehicle with the front nition key to the LOCK position. This wheels raised always use towing dollies may damage the steering lock under the rear wheels. mechanism. In case of emergency 6-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  208. ● If you have to tow manual transmission CAUTION models with the rear wheels on the ground (if you do not use towing dol- ● Tow chains or cables must be attached lies) or four wheels on the ground: only to the main structural members of the vehicle or the towing hooks (if so ● Move the transfer case shift lever to equipped). Otherwise, the vehicle body the 2H position. will be damaged. ● Move the transmission shift lever to ● Use the towing hook (if so equipped) the N (Neutral) position. only to free a vehicle stuck in sand, ● Always release the parking brake. snow, mud, etc. Never tow the vehicle for a long distance using only the tow- ● Observe the following restricted tow- ing hook. ing speeds and distances for manual transmission models only: ● The towing hook is under tremendous LCE0103 force when used to free a stuck vehicle. Speed: Below 60 MPH (97 km/h) Never pull the hook at an angle. VEHICLE RECOVERY (freeing a stuck Distance: Less than 500 miles (805 ● Always pull the cable straight out from km) vehicle) the front or rear of the vehicle.If the speed or distance must necessarily be WARNING ● Pulling devices should be routed sogreater, remove the propeller shaft before towing they do not touch any part of the sus-to prevent damage to the transmission. ● Stand clear of a stuck vehicle. pension, steering, brake or cooling ● Do not spin your tires at high speed. systems. This could cause them to explode and ● Pulling devices such as ropes or canvas result in serious injury. Parts of your straps are not recommended for use in vehicle could also overheat and be vehicle towing or recovery. damaged. If your vehicle is stuck in sand, snow, mud, etc., use the following procedure: 1. Turn off the Vehicle Dynamic Control System (if so equipped).6-14 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  209. 2. Make sure the area in front and behind the vehicle is clear of obstructions.3. Turn the steering wheel right and left to clear an area around the front tires.4. Slowly rock the vehicle forward and back- ward. ● Shift back and forth between R (reverse) and D (drive). ● Apply the accelerator as little as possible to maintain the rocking motion. ● Release the accelerator pedal before shifting between R and D. ● Do not spin the tires above 35 mph (55 km/h).5. If the vehicle can not be freed after a few tries, contact a professional towing service to remove the vehicle. In case of emergency 6-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  210. MEMO6-16 In case of emergency
  211. 7 Appearance and careCleaning exterior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2 Floor mats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4 Washing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2 Seat belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4 Waxing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2 Corrosion protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5 Removing spots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2 Most common factors contributing to vehicle Underbody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5 Glass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 Environmental factors influence the rate of Aluminum alloy wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5 Chrome parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 To protect your vehicle from corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5Cleaning interior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  212. CLEANING EXTERIORIn order to maintain the appearance of your ve- CAUTION WAXINGhicle, it is important to take proper care of it. ● Do not wash the vehicle with strong Regular waxing protects the paint surface andTo protect the paint surfaces, please wash your household soap, strong chemical deter- helps retain new vehicle appearance. Polishing isvehicle as soon as you can: gents, gasoline or solvents. recommended to remove built-up wax residue ● after a rainfall to prevent possible damage and to avoid a weathered appearance before ● Do not wash the vehicle in direct sun- from acid rain. light or while the vehicle body is hot, as re-applying wax. the surface may become water-spotted. A NISSAN dealer can assist you in choosing the ● after driving on coastal roads. ● Avoid using tight-napped or rough proper product. ● when contaminants such as soot, bird drop- cloths, such as washing mitts. Care pings, tree sap, metal particles or bugs get ● Wax your vehicle only after a thorough wash- must be taken when removing ing. Follow the instructions supplied with the on the paint surface. caked-on dirt or other foreign sub- wax. ● when dust or mud builds up on the surface. stances so the paint surface is not scratched or damaged. ● Do not use a wax containing any abrasives,Whenever possible, store or park your vehicle cutting compounds or cleaners that mayinside a garage or in a covered area. Rinse the vehicle thoroughly with plenty of clean damage the vehicle finish. water.When it is necessary to park outside, park in a ● If the surface does not polish easily, use ashady area or protect the vehicle with a body Inside flanges, seams and folds on the doors, hatches and hood are particularly vulnerable to “road tar” remover and wax again.cover. the effects of road salt. Therefore, these areas Machine compounding or aggressive polishingBe careful not to scratch the paint surface must be cleaned regularly. Take care that the on a base coat/clear coat paint finish may dull thewhen putting on or removing the body drain holes in the lower edge of the door are finish or leave swirl marks.cover. open. Spray water under the body and in the wheel wells to loosen the dirt and wash away REMOVING SPOTSWASHING road salt. Remove tar and oil spots, industrial dust, insects,Wash dirt off with a wet sponge and plenty of A damp chamois can be used to dry the vehicle to and tree sap as quickly as possible from thewater. Clean the vehicle thoroughly using a mild avoid water spots. surface of the paint to avoid lasting damage orsoap, a special vehicle soap or general purpose staining. Special cleaning products are availabledishwashing liquid mixed with clean, lukewarm at a NISSAN dealer or any automotive accessory(never hot) water. store.7-2 Appearance and care ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  213. CLEANING INTERIORUNDERBODY ALUMINUM ALLOY WHEELS Occasionally remove loose dust from the interior trim, plastic parts and seats using a vacuumIn areas where road salt is used in winter, it is Wash the wheels regularly, especially during win- cleaner or soft brush. Wipe the vinyl and leathernecessary to clean the underbody regularly in ter months in areas where road salt is used. If not surfaces with a clean, soft cloth dampened inorder to prevent dirt and salt from building up and removed, road salt can discolor the wheels. mild soap solution, then wipe clean with a dry,causing the acceleration of corrosion on the un- soft cloth. Before using any fabric protector, readderbody and suspension. Before the winter pe- CHROME PARTS the manufacturer’s recommendations. Some fab-riod and again in the spring, the underseal must Clean all chrome parts regularly with a non- ric protectors contain chemicals that may stain orbe checked and, if necessary, retreated. abrasive chrome polish to maintain the finish. bleach the seat material.GLASS Use a cloth dampened only with water to clean the meter and gauge lens.Use glass cleaner to remove smoke and dust filmfrom the glass surfaces. It is normal for glass tobecome coated with a film after the vehicle is CAUTIONparked in the hot sun. Glass cleaner and a soft ● Never use benzine, thinner or any simi-cloth will easily remove this film. lar material. ● Small dirt particles can be abrasive and CAUTION damaging to leather surfaces andWhen cleaning the inside of the windows, should be removed promptly. Do notdo not use sharp-edged tools, abrasive use saddle soap, polishes, oils, clean-cleaners or chlorine-based disinfectant ing fluids, solvents, detergents orcleaners. They could damage the electri- ammonia-based cleaners as they maycal conductors, radio antenna elements or damage the leather’s natural finish.rear window defroster elements. ● Never use fabric protectors unless rec- ommended by the manufacturer. ● Do not use glass or plastic cleaner on meter or gauge lens covers. It may dam- age the lens cover. Appearance and care 7-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  214. FLOOR MATS SEAT BELTSThe use of genuine NISSAN floor mats can ex- The seat belts can be cleaned by wiping themtend the life of your vehicle carpet and make it with a sponge dampened in a mild soap solution.easier to clean the interior. No matter what Allow the belts to dry completely in the shademats are used, be sure they are fitted for before using them. See “Seat belt maintenance”your vehicle and are properly positioned in in the “Safety – Seats, seat belts and supplemen-the footwell to prevent interference with tal restraint system” section of this manual.pedal operation. Mats should be maintainedwith regular cleaning and replaced if they be- WARNINGcome excessively worn. Do not allow wet seat belts to roll up in the retractor. NEVER use bleach, dye or chemical solvents to clean the seat belts, since these materials may severely WAI0006 weaken the seat belt webbing. Floor mat positioning aid (driver’s side only) This vehicle includes a front floor mat bracket to act as a floor mat positioning aid. NISSAN floor mats have been specially designed for your ve- hicle model. The driver’s side floor mat has a grommet hole incorporated in it. Position the mat by placing the floor mat bracket hook through the floor mat grommet hole while centering the mat in the footwell. Periodically check to make certain the mats are properly positioned.7-4 Appearance and care ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  215. CORROSION PROTECTIONMOST COMMON FACTORS Temperature ● Never allow water or other liquids toCONTRIBUTING TO VEHICLE High temperatures accelerate the rate of corro- come in contact with electronic compo-CORROSION nents inside the vehicle as this may sion to those parts which are not well ventilated. damage them. ● The accumulation of moisture-retaining dirt Air pollution and debris in body panel sections, cavities, Chemicals used for road surface de-icing are and other areas. Industrial pollution, the presence of salt in the air extremely corrosive. They accelerate corrosion in coastal areas, or heavy road salt use acceler- and deterioration of underbody components ● Damage to paint and other protective coat- ates the corrosion process. Road salt also accel- such as the exhaust system, fuel and brake lines, ings caused by gravel and stone chips or erates the disintegration of paint surfaces. brake cables, floor pan and fenders. minor traffic accidents. In winter, the underbody must be cleaned TO PROTECT YOUR VEHICLE periodically.ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS FROM CORROSIONINFLUENCE THE RATE OF For additional protection against rust and corro- ● Wash and wax your vehicle often to keep the sion, which may be required in some areas, con-CORROSION vehicle clean. sult a NISSAN dealer.Moisture ● Always check for minor damage to the paintAccumulation of sand, dirt and water on the ve- and repair it as soon as possible.hicle body underside can accelerate corrosion. ● Keep drain holes at the bottom of the doorsWet floor coverings will not dry completely inside open to avoid water accumulation.the vehicle, and should be removed for drying to ● Check the underbody for accumulation ofavoid floor panel corrosion. sand, dirt or salt. If present, wash with waterRelative humidity as soon as possible.Corrosion will be accelerated in areas of high CAUTIONrelative humidity, especially those areas where ● NEVER remove dirt, sand or other de-the temperatures stay above freezing and where bris from the passenger compartmentatmospheric pollution exists and road salt is by washing it out with a hose. Removeused. dirt with a vacuum cleaner or broom. Appearance and care 7-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  216. MEMO7-6 Appearance and care
  217. 8 Maintenance and do-it-yourselfMaintenance requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2 Replacing spark plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16General maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2 Air cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-17 Explanation of general maintenance items . . . . . . . . . 8-2 In-cabin microfilter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-17Maintenance precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5 Windshield wiper blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-19Engine compartment check locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6 Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-19Engine cooling system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7 Replacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-19 Checking engine coolant level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7 Parking brake and brake pedal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-22 Changing engine coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-8 Checking parking brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-22Engine oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-8 Checking brake pedal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-22 Checking engine oil level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-8 Brake booster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-23 Changing engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9 Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-23 Changing engine oil filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10 Engine compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-245-speed automatic transmission fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-11 Passenger compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-25Power steering fluid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-11 Battery replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-26Brake and clutch fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-11 Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-27 Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-12 Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-27 Clutch fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-12 Exterior and interior lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-28Window washer fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-12 Wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-31 Window washer fluid reservoir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-12 Tire pressure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-31Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13 Tire labeling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-34 Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-14Variable Voltage Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-15 Types of tires. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-37Drive belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-15 Tire chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-37Spark plugs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16 Changing wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-38 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  218. MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS GENERAL MAINTENANCEYour new NISSAN has been designed to have Performing general maintenance checks requires During the normal day-to-day operation of theminimum maintenance requirements with longer minimal mechanical skill and only a few general vehicle, general maintenance should be per-service intervals to save you both time and automotive tools. formed regularly as prescribed in this section. Ifmoney. However, some day-to-day and regular These checks or inspections can be done by you, you detect any unusual sounds, vibrations ormaintenance is essential to maintain your NIS- a qualified technician, or, if you prefer, a NISSAN smells, be sure to check for the cause or have aSAN’s good mechanical condition, as well as its dealer. NISSAN dealer do it promptly. In addition, youemission and engine performance. should notify a NISSAN dealer if you think that Where to go for service repairs are required.It is the owner’s responsibility to make sure thatthe scheduled maintenance, as well as general If maintenance service is required or your vehicle When performing any checks or maintenancemaintenance, is performed. appears to malfunction, have the systems work, closely observe the “Maintenance precau- checked and corrected by a NISSAN dealer. tions” later in this section.As the vehicle owner, you are the only one who NISSAN technicians are well-trained specialistscan ensure that your vehicle receives proper who are kept up-to-date with the latest service EXPLANATION OF GENERALmaintenance. You are a vital link in the mainte- information through technical bulletins, service MAINTENANCE ITEMSnance chain. tips, and in-dealership training programs. They are completely qualified to work on NISSAN ve- Additional information on the followingScheduled maintenance items with “*” is found later in this section. hicles before they work on your vehicle, ratherFor your convenience, both required and optional than after they have worked on it.scheduled maintenance items are described and Outside the vehiclelisted in your “NISSAN Service and Maintenance You can be confident that a NISSAN dealer’s The maintenance items listed here should beGuide.” You must refer to that guide to ensure service department performs the best job to meet performed from time to time, unless otherwise the maintenance requirements on your vehicle —that necessary maintenance is performed on your specified. in a reliable and economic way.NISSAN at regular intervals. Doors and engine hood Check that the doorsGeneral maintenance and engine hood operate properly. Also ensureGeneral maintenance includes those items which that all latches lock securely. Lubricate hinges,should be checked during normal day-to-day op- latches, latch pins, rollers and links as necessary.eration. They are essential for proper vehicle op- Make sure that the secondary latch keeps theeration. It is your responsibility to perform these hood from opening when the primary latch ismaintenance procedures regularly as prescribed. released.8-2 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  219. When driving in areas using road salt or other Windshield Clean the windshield on a regular the brake booster function. Be certain to keep thecorrosive materials, check lubrication frequently. basis. Check the windshield at least every six floor mat away from the pedal. months for cracks or other damage. Have a dam-Lights* Clean the headlights on a regular basis. Brakes Check that the brakes do not pull the aged windshield repaired by a qualified repairMake sure that the headlights, stop lights, tail vehicle to one side when applied. facility.lights, turn signal lights, and other lights are all Parking brake* Check that the lever has theoperating properly and installed securely. Also Windshield wiper blades* Check for cracks or proper travel and confirm that your vehicle is heldcheck headlight aim. wear if they do not wipe properly. securely on a fairly steep hill with only the parkingRoad wheel nuts* When checking the tires, Inside the vehicle brake applied.make sure no wheel nuts are missing, and checkfor any loose wheel nuts. Tighten if necessary. The maintenance items listed here should be Seats Check seat position controls such as seat checked on a regular basis, such as when per- adjusters, seatback recliner, etc. to ensure theyTire rotation* Tires should be rotated every operate smoothly and all latches lock securely in forming periodic maintenance, cleaning the ve-7,500 miles (12,000 km). every position. Check that the head restraints hicle, etc.Tires* Check the pressure with a gauge often move up and down smoothly and the locks (if soand always prior to long distance trips. If neces- Additional information on the following equipped) hold securely in all latched positions.sary, adjust the pressure in all tires, including the items with an “*” is found later in this sec- tion. Seat belts Check that all parts of the seat beltspare, to the pressure specified. Check carefully system (for example, buckles, anchors, adjustersfor damage, cuts or excessive wear. Accelerator pedal Check the pedal for smooth and retractors) operate properly and smoothly,Wheel alignment and balance If the vehicle operation and make sure the pedal does not bind and are installed securely. Check the belt web-should pull to either side while driving on a or require uneven effort. Keep the floor mat away bing for cuts, fraying, wear or damage.straight and level road, or if you detect uneven or from the pedal. Steering wheel Check for changes in the steer-abnormal tire wear, there may be a need for wheel Automatic transmission P (Park) position ing system, such as excessive freeplay, hardalignment. If the steering wheel or seat vibrates at mechanism On a fairly steep hill check that your steering or strange noises.normal highway speeds, wheel balancing may beneeded. vehicle is held securely with the selector lever in Warning lights and chimes Make sure all the P (Park) position without applying any brakes. warning lights and chimes are operating properly. ● For additional information regarding tires, refer to “Important Tire Safety Information” Brake pedal and booster* Check the pedal for Windshield wiper and washer* Check that (US) or “Tire Safety Information” (Canada) in smooth operation and make sure it has the proper the wipers and washer operate properly and that the Warranty Information Booklet . distance under it when depressed fully. Check the wipers do not streak. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  220. Windshield defroster Check that the air exhaust fumes, immediately have the exhaust where mud and dirt may have accumulated. Seecomes out of the defroster outlets properly and in system inspected by a NISSAN dealer. See the the “Appearance and care” section of thissufficient quantity when operating the heater or carbon monoxide warning in the “Starting and manual.air conditioner. driving” section of this manual. Windshield washer fluid* Check that there isUnder the hood and vehicle Fluid leaks Check under the vehicle for fuel, oil, adequate fluid in the reservoir. water or other fluid leaks after the vehicle hasThe maintenance items listed here should bechecked periodically (for example, each time you been parked for a while. Water dripping from thecheck the engine oil or refuel). air conditioner after use is normal. If you should notice any leaks or if gasoline fumes are evident,Battery* Check the fluid level in each cell. It check for the cause and have it corrected imme-should be between the MAX and MIN lines. Ve- diately.hicles operated in high temperatures or undersevere conditions require frequent checks of the Power steering fluid level* and lines Checkbattery fluid level. the level when the fluid is cold, with the engine off. Check the lines for proper attachment, leaks,Brake fluid levels* Make sure that the brake cracks, etc.fluid level is between the MIN and MAX lines onthe reservoir. Radiator and hoses Check the front of theEngine coolant level* Check the coolant level radiator and clean off any dirt, insects, leaves,when the engine is cold. etc., that may have accumulated. Make sure the hoses have no cracks, deformation, rot or looseEngine drive belts* Make sure the drive belts connections.are not frayed, worn, cracked or oily. Underbody The underbody is frequently ex-Engine oil level* Check the level after parking posed to corrosive substances such as thosethe vehicle on a level surface with the engine off. used on icy roads or to control dust. It is veryWait more than 10 minutes for the oil to drain important to remove these substances from theback into the oil pan. underbody, otherwise rust may form on the floorExhaust system Make sure there are no loose pan, frame, fuel lines and exhaust system. At thesupports, cracks or holes. If the sound of the end of winter, the underbody should be thor-exhaust seems unusual or there is a smell of oughly flushed with plain water, in those areas8-4 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  221. MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONSWhen performing any inspection or maintenance ● If you must work with the engine run- CAUTIONwork on your vehicle, always take care to prevent ning, keep your hands, clothing, hairserious accidental injury to yourself or damage to and tools away from moving fans, belts ● Do not work under the hood while thethe vehicle. The following are general precau- and any other moving parts. engine is hot. Turn the engine off andtions which should be closely observed. wait until it cools down. ● It is advisable to secure or remove any loose clothing and remove any jewelry, ● Avoid contact with used engine oil and WARNING coolant. Improperly disposed engine such as rings, watches, etc. before● Park the vehicle on a level surface, ap- working on your vehicle. oil, engine coolant and/or other vehicle ply the parking brake securely and fluids can damage the environment. Al- block the wheels to prevent the vehicle ● Always wear eye protection whenever ways conform to local regulations for from moving. Move the shift selector you work on your vehicle. disposal of vehicle fluid. lever to P (Park). ● If you must run the engine in an en- This “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section● Be sure the ignition key is in the OFF or closed space such as a garage, be sure gives instructions regarding only those items LOCK position when performing any there is proper ventilation for exhaust which are relatively easy for an owner to perform. parts replacement or repairs. gases to escape. A genuine NISSAN service manual is also avail-● Never leave the engine or automatic ● Never get under the vehicle while it is able. See “Owner’s Manual/Service Manual or- transmission related component har- supported only by a jack. If it is neces- der information” in the “Technical and consumer nesses disconnected while the ignition sary to work under the vehicle, support information” section of this manual. switch is in the ON position. it with safety stands.● Never connect or disconnect the battery You should be aware that incomplete or improper ● Keep smoking materials, flame and servicing may result in operating difficulties or or any transistorized component while sparks away from the fuel tank and the ignition switch is in the ON position. excessive emissions, and could affect warranty battery. coverage. If in doubt about any servicing,● Your vehicle is equipped with an auto- ● On gasoline engine models with the have it done by a NISSAN dealer. matic engine cooling fan. It may come on multiport fuel injection (MFI) system, at any time without warning, even if the the fuel filter or fuel lines should be ignition key is in the OFF position and the serviced by a NISSAN dealer because engine is not running. To avoid injury, the fuel lines are under high pressure always disconnect the negative battery even when the engine is off. cable before working near the fan. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  222. ENGINE COMPARTMENT CHECKLOCATIONS VQ40DE engine 1. Windshield washer fluid reservoir 2. Battery 3. Fuse/fusible link box 4. Engine oil filler cap 5. Engine oil dipstick 6. Brake fluid reservoir 7. Air cleaner 8. Radiator cap 9. Power steering fluid reservoir 10. Engine coolant reservoir NOTE: Engine cover removed for clarity. WDI04798-6 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  223. ENGINE COOLING SYSTEMThe engine cooling system is filled at the factorywith Genuine NISSAN Long Life Outside temperature Genuine Demineral-Antifreeze/Coolant to provide year-round anti- down to NISSAN ized or dis-freeze and coolant protection.The anti-freeze so- Long Life tilled waterlution contains rust and corrosion inhibitors. Ad- Antifreeze/ditional engine cooling system additives are not °C °F Coolant ornecessary. equivalent -35 -30 50% 50% WARNING● Never remove the radiator or coolant CAUTION reservoir cap when the engine is hot. Wait until the engine and radiator cool When adding or replacing coolant, be sure down. Serious burns could be caused to use only a Genuine NISSAN Long Life by high pressure fluid escaping from Antifreeze/Coolant (green) or equivalent the radiator. See precautions in “If your with the proper mixture ratio of 50% anti- LDI0436 vehicle overheats” found in the “In case freeze and 50% demineralized or distilled CHECKING ENGINE COOLANT of emergency” section of this manual. water. The use of other types of coolant solutions or coolant colors, such as or- LEVEL● The radiator is equipped with a pres- ange, may damage the engine cooling Check the coolant level in the reservoir when sure type radiator cap. To prevent en- system. gine damage, use only a genuine the engine is cold. If the coolant level is below NISSAN radiator cap. the MIN level, add coolant to the MAX level. If the reservoir is empty, check the coolant level in the radiator when the engine is cold. If there is insufficient coolant in the radiator, fill the radiator with coolant up to the filler opening and also add it to the reservoir up to the MAX level. The engine coolant reservoir is a pressur- ized tank. When installing the cap, tighten it until a clicking sound is heard. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  224. ENGINE OILIf the cooling system frequently requirescoolant, have it checked by a NISSANdealer.CHANGING ENGINE COOLANTA NISSAN dealer can change the engine coolant.The service procedure can be found in theNISSAN Service Manual.Improper servicing can result in reducedheater performance and engine overheat-ing. WARNING● To avoid the danger of being scalded, LDI0437 LDI0371 never change the coolant when the en- CHECKING ENGINE OIL LEVEL 5. Remove the dipstick again and check the oil gine is hot. level. It should be between the H (High) and 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and apply L (Low) marks ᭺. This is the normal oper- B● Never remove the radiator cap when the the parking brake. engine is hot. Serious burns could be ating oil level range. If the oil level is below caused by high pressure fluid escaping 2. Start the engine and let it idle until it reaches the L (Low) mark ᭺, remove the oil filler cap A from the radiator. operating temperature. and pour recommended oil through the 3. Turn off the engine. Wait more than 10 opening. Do not overfill ᭺. C● Avoid direct skin contact with used coolant. If skin contact is made, wash minutes for the oil to drain back into 6. Recheck oil level with the dipstick. thoroughly with soap or hand cleaner the oil pan. as soon as possible. It is normal to add some oil between oil 4. Remove the dipstick and wipe it clean. Re- maintenance intervals or during the● Keep coolant out of the reach of chil- insert it all the way. break-in period, depending on the severity dren and pets. of operating conditions.Engine coolant must be disposed of properly.Check your local regulations.8-8 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  225. If the oil filter is to be changed, remove and CAUTION replace it at this time. See “Changing engineOil level should be checked regularly. Op- oil filter” later in this section.erating the engine with an insufficientamount of oil can damage the engine, and WARNINGsuch damage is not covered by warranty. ● Prolonged and repeated contact with used engine oil may cause skin cancer. ● Try to avoid direct skin contact with used oil. If skin contact is made, wash thoroughly with soap or hand cleaner as soon as possible. ● Keep used engine oil out of reach of children. LDI0439 CHANGING ENGINE OIL CAUTION 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and apply Be careful not to burn yourself. The engine the parking brake. oil may be hot. 2. Start the engine and let it idle until it reaches ● Waste oil must be disposed of prop- operating temperature, then turn it off. erly. 3. Remove the oil filler cap by turning it coun- ● Check your local regulations. terclockwise. 6. Clean and reinstall the drain plug and a new 4. Place a large drain pan under the drain plug. washer. Securely tighten the drain plug with 5. Remove the drain plug with a wrench by a wrench. Do not use excessive force. turning it counterclockwise and completely Drain plug tightening torque: drain the oil. 22 - 29 ft-lb (29 - 39 N·m) Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY—2005 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual—USA_English (nna) 11/15/04—debbie ੭
  226. 7. Refill engine with recommended oil through CAUTION the oil filler opening, then install the oil filler cap securely. Be careful not to burn yourself. The engine oil may be hot. See “Capacities and recommended fuel/lubricants” in the “Technical and con- 6. Wipe the engine oil filter mounting surface sumer information” section of this manual for with a clean rag. drain and refill capacity. Be sure to remove any old gasket material The drain and refill capacity depends on the remaining on the mounting surface of the oil temperature and drain time. Use these