2003 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL
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2003 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL

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Classic Cars Nissan offers you excellent sales and service on new or used Nissan vehicles. Stop in and test drive a Nissan 2003 XTERRA or any car or truck today! We're located Hainesport New Jersey ...

Classic Cars Nissan offers you excellent sales and service on new or used Nissan vehicles. Stop in and test drive a Nissan 2003 XTERRA or any car or truck today! We're located Hainesport New Jersey between Cherry Hill and Mount Holly. Only 20 minutes from Philadelphia. Classic Cars Nissan 1513 Route 38 Hainesport, NJ 08036 866-CLASSIC or 866-252-7742

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2003 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL 2003 XTERRA OWNER'S MANUAL Presentation Transcript

  • The inside pages of this manual containFOREWORD READ FIRST—THEN DRIVE SAFELY a minimum of 50% recycled fibers, including 10% post-consumer fibers.Welcome to the growing family of new NISSAN Before driving your vehicle please read this Own- As with other vehicles with features forowners. This vehicle is delivered to you with er’s Manual carefully. This will ensure familiarity off-road use, failure to operate four-wheelconfidence. It was produced using the latest with controls and maintenance requirements, as- drive models correctly may result in loss oftechniques and strict quality control. sisting you in the safe operation of your vehicle. control or an accident. Be sure to read “Driving safety precautions” in the “Start-This manual was prepared to help you under- ing and driving” section of this manual.stand the operation and maintenance of your WARNINGvehicle so that you may enjoy many miles (kilome- IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION RE- ON-PAVEMENT AND OFF-ROAD DRIVINGters) of driving pleasure. Please read through this MINDERS FOR SAFETY! This vehicle will handle and maneuvermanual before operating your vehicle. differently from an ordinary passenger Follow these important driving rules toA separate Warranty Information Booklet help ensure a safe and comfortable trip car because it has a higher center ofexplains details about the warranties cov- for you and your passengers! gravity for off-road use. As with otherering your vehicle. The “NISSAN Service vehicles with features of this type, fail- ● NEVER drive under the influence of al-and Maintenance Guide” explains details ure to operate this vehicle correctly may cohol or drugs.about maintaining and servicing your ve- result in loss of control or an accident.hicle. Additionally, a separate Customer ● ALWAYS observe posted speed limits Be sure to read “On-pavement and off-Care/Lemon Law Booklet (U.S. only) will and never drive too fast for conditions. road driving precautions”, and “Avoid-explain how to resolve any concerns you ● ALWAYS use your seat belts and appro- ing collision and rollover”, and “Drivingmay have with your vehicle, as well as priate child restraint systems. Pre-teen safety precautions”, in the “Starting andclarify your rights under your state’s lemon children should be seated in the rear driving” section of this manual.law. seat.Your NISSAN dealership knows your vehicle MODIFICATION OF YOUR VEHICLE ● ALWAYS provide information about thebest. When you require any service or have any proper use of vehicle safety features to This vehicle should not be modified.questions, they will be glad to assist you with the all occupants of the vehicle. Modification could affect itsextensive resources available to them. performance, safety or durability, and ● ALWAYS review this owner’s manual for may even violate governmental important safety information. regulations. In addition, damage or per- For descriptions specified for four-wheel drive formance problems resulting from models, a mark is placed at the begin- modifications may not be covered un- ning of the applicable sections/items. der NISSAN warranties. ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • The inside pages of this manual containWHEN READING THE MANUAL a minimum of 50% recycled fibers, including 10% post-consumer fibers.This manual includes information for all options CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65available on this model. Therefore, you may find WARNINGsome information that does not apply to yourvehicle. WARNINGAll information, specifications and illustrations in Engine exhaust, some of its constituents,this manual are those in effect at the time of and certain vehicle components containprinting. NISSAN reserves the right to change or emit chemicals known to the State ofspecifications or design without notice and with- California to cause cancer and birth de-out obligation. fects or other reproductive harm. In addi-IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT tion, certain fluids contained in vehiclesTHIS MANUAL and certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known to theYou will see various symbols in this manual. They State of California to cause cancer andare used in the following ways: APD1005 birth defects or other reproductive harm. If you see this symbol, it means “Do not do this” © 2003 NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC. WARNING or “Do not let this happen.” GARDENA, CALIFORNIAThis is used to indicate the presence of ahazard that could cause death or serious All rights reserved. No part of this Owner’spersonal injury. To avoid or reduce the Manual may be reproduced or stored in a retrieval If you see a symbol similar to these in an illustra- system, or transmitted in any form, or by anyrisk, the procedures must be followed tion, it means the arrow points to the front of theprecisely. means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, vehicle. recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Nissan North America, Inc., Gar- CAUTION dena, California.This is used to indicate the presence of a Arrows in an illustration that are similar to thesehazard that could cause minor or moder- indicate movement or action.ate personal injury or damage to your ve-hicle. To avoid or reduce the risk, the pro-cedures must be followed carefully. Arrows in an illustration that are similar to these call attention to an item in the illustration. ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WELCOME TO THE WORLD OF NISSAN improving both performance and fuel efficiency through new engine designs and the use of syn- thetic materials to reduce vehicle weight. The com- pany has also developed ways to build quality into its vehicles at each stage of the production process, both through extensive use of automation and — most importantly — through an awareness that people are the central element in quality control. From the time the parts arrived from our suppliers until you took delivery of your new NISSAN, dozens of checks were made to ensure that only the best job was being done in producing and delivering your vehicle. NISSAN also takes great care to ensure that when you take your NISSAN to your dealer for maintenance, the service technician will perform his work according to the quality standards that have WFW0002 been established by NISSAN.Your new NISSAN is the result of our dedication to America, Inc. in San Diego, California, and engineer- Safety has also been built into your NISSAN. As youproduce the finest in safe, reliable and economical ing at Nissan Technical Center North America in know, seat belts are an integral part of the safetytransportation. Your vehicle is the product of a suc- Farmington Hills, Michigan. Additionally, NISSAN systems that will help protect you and your passen-cessful worldwide company that manufactures cars employs nearly 19,000 people throughout the gers in the event of a sudden stop or an accident.and trucks in over 17 countries and distributes them United States, Canada, and Mexico. An additional We urge you to use the seat belts every time youin 170 nations. 60,000 people work for the 1,250 NISSAN and drive the vehicle. INFINITI dealers across North America.NISSAN vehicles are designed and manufactured The NISSAN story of growth and achievement re-by Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. which was founded in NISSAN is also a substantial contributor to the flects our major goal: to provide you, our customer,Tokyo, Japan in 1933, and NISSAN affiliates world- Canadian economy. Nissan Canada Inc., its suppli- with a vehicle that is built with quality and craftsman-wide, collectively growing to become the fifth largest ers and over 150 dealers employ approximately ship — a product that we can be proud to build andautomaker in the world. In addition to cars and 4,500 people. These include company employees you can be proud to own.trucks, NISSAN also makes forklift trucks, marine and the staffs of NISSAN dealers all across Canada.engines, boats and other diversified products. In addition, many Canadians work for companies that supply NISSAN and NISSAN dealers with ma-NISSAN has made a substantial and growing in- terials and services ranging from the operation ofvestment in North America. NISSAN’s commitment port facilities and transportation services, to theis over $6 billion dollars in capital investments in supply of lubricants, parts and accessories.facilities across the continent. Some of the facilitiesinclude the Nissan Manufacturing facility in Smyrna, NISSAN pioneered the use of electronics and com-Tennessee, vehicle styling design at Nissan Design puters in automobiles, and has led the industry in ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • NISSAN CUSTOMER CARE PROGRAMNISSAN CARES . . .Both NISSAN and your NISSAN dealer are dedicated to serving all your automotive needs. Your satisfaction with your vehicle and your NISSAN dealer areour primary concerns. Your NISSAN dealer is always available to assist you with all your automobile sales and service needs.However, if there is something that your NISSAN The Consumer Affairs Department will ask for the For U.S. mainland and Alaska customersdealer cannot assist you with or you would like to following information: Nissan North America, Inc.provide NISSAN directly with comments or ques- Consumer Affairs Departmenttions, please contact the NISSAN Consumer Affairs – Your name, address, and telephone numberDepartment using our toll-free number: P.O. Box 191 – Vehicle identification number (attached to the Gardena, California 90248-0191For U.S. mainland and Alaska customers top of the instrument panel on the driver’s 1-800-NISSAN-1 side) For Hawaii customers (1-800-647-7261) Nissan Motor Corporation in Hawaii – Date of purchase 2880 Kilihau St.For Hawaii customers – Current odometer reading Honolulu, Hawaii 96819 1-808-836-0888 (Oahu Number) – Your NISSAN dealer’s name For Canadian customersFor Canadian customers Nissan Canada Inc. 1-800-387-0122 – Your comments or questions 5290 Orbitor Drive OR Mississauga, Ontario L4W 4Z5 You can write to NISSAN with the information at: We appreciate your interest in NISSAN and thank you for buying a quality NISSAN vehicle. ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Table of Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1Contents Instruments and controls 2 Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4 Starting and driving 5 In case of emergency 6 Appearance and care 7 Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8 Technical and consumer information 9 Index 10
  • ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr)Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna)02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 1 Seats, restraints and supplemental airbag systemsSeats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 Injured persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24 Front manual seat adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 Three-point type seat belt with retractor . . . . . . . . . . 1-25 Rear seat adjustment (Type A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4 Two-point type seat belt without retractor Rear seat adjustment (Type B) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6 (center of rear seat). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-28 Head restraint adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7 Seat belt extenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-29Supplemental restraint system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8 Seat belt maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-30 Precautions on supplemental restraint Child restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-30 system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8 Precautions on child restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-30 Supplemental air bag warning labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19 Installation on rear seat center position. . . . . . . . . . . 1-32 Supplemental air bag warning light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19 Installation on rear seat outboard positions . . . . . . . 1-35Seat belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21 LATCH (lower anchors and tether for children) Precautions on seat belt usage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21 system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-39 Child safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23 Top tether strap child restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-41 Pregnant women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24 Installation on front passenger seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-43 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • SEATS FRONT MANUAL SEAT ADJUSTMENT WARNING ● Do not adjust the driver’s seat while driving so full attention may be given to vehicle operation. The seat may move suddenly and could cause loss of con- trol of the vehicle. ● After adjustment, gently rock in the seat to make sure it is securely locked. ARS1152 WARNING ● For the most effective protection when the vehicle is in motion, the seat should● Do not ride in a moving vehicle when be upright. Always sit well back in the the seatback is reclined. This can be seat and adjust the seat properly. See dangerous. The shoulder belt will not “Precautions on Seat Belt Usage” later be against your body. In an accident, in this section. you could be thrown into it and receive neck or other serious injuries. You could also slide under the lap belt and receive serious internal injuries.1-2 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WRS0175 WRS0176 WRS0131Forward and backward Reclining Seat lifter (if so equipped for driver’sPull the lever up and hold it while you slide the To recline the seatback, pull the lever up and lean seat)seat forward or backward to the desired position. back. To bring the seatback forward, pull the lever Turn either dial to adjust the angle and height ofRelease the lever to lock the seat in position. up and lean your body forward. Release the lever the seat cushion to the desired position. to lock the seatback in position. WARNING After adjustment, gently rock in the seat to make sure it is securely locked. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WRS0165 WRS0180 WRS0181Lumbar support (if so equipped for REAR SEAT ADJUSTMENT (Type A) ᭺ 3 Pull the ring on top of the seatback up.driver’s seat) Folding ᭺ 4 Fold down the seatback.The lumbar support feature provides lower backsupport to the driver. Move the lever up or down ᭺ 1 Pull outward on the 2 straps at the bottom of the seat cushions.to adjust the seat lumbar area. ᭺ 2 Lift the front of the seat cushion up and remove the seat cushion. Store the seat cushion in a secure place.1-4 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area inside a vehicle. In a colli- sion, people riding in these areas are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. ● Do not allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and seat belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a seat belt properly. Never ride in the rear seat unless the seat bottom cushions are in place and latched. ● Properly secure all cargo with ropes or WRS0182 WRS0183 straps to help prevent it from sliding or᭺5 To return the rear seat to the normal position, ᭺ 6 Hold the seat belts above the seat cushion. shifting. In a sudden stop or collision, push the seatback up until it latches. unsecured cargo could cause personal ᭺ 7 Slide the seat cushion back. injury. ᭺ 8 Push down the seat cushion until it latches. ● When returning the seatbacks to the upright position, be certain they are WARNING completely secured. If they are not com- pletely secured in the latched position, ● Never allow anyone to ride in the cargo passengers may be injured in an acci- area or on the rear seat when it is in the dent or sudden stop. fold-down position. Use of these areas by passengers without proper restraints could result in serious injury in an acci- dent or sudden stop. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WRS0184 WRS0185 WRS0186REAR SEAT ADJUSTMENT (Type B) ᭺ 2 Pull the ring on top of the seatback up. ᭺ 4 To return the rear seat to the normal position, push the seatback up until latches.Folding ᭺ 3 Fold down the seatback.᭺1 Lift the front of the seat cushion up and remove the seat cushion. Store the seat cushion in a secure place.1-6 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area inside a vehicle. In a colli- sion, people riding in these areas are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. ● Do not allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and seat belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a seat belt properly. Never ride in the rear seat unless the seat bottom cushions are in place and latched. ● Properly secure all cargo with ropes or WRS0187 straps to help prevent it from sliding or WRS0133᭺5 Hold the seat belts above the seat cushion. shifting. In a sudden stop or collision, unsecured cargo could cause personal HEAD RESTRAINT ADJUSTMENT᭺6 Slide the seat cushion back. injury. To raise the head restraint, pull it up. To lower, push and hold the lock knob and push the head᭺7 Push down the seat cushion until it latches. ● When returning the seatbacks to the restraint down. upright position, be certain they are WARNING completely secured. If they are not com- WARNING pletely secured in the latched position,● Never allow anyone to ride in the cargo passengers may be injured in an acci- Head restraints should be adjusted prop- area or on the rear seat when it is in the dent or sudden stop. erly as they may provide significant pro- fold-down position. Use of these areas tection against injury in an accident. Do by passengers without proper restraints not remove them. Check the adjustment could result in serious injury in an acci- after someone else uses the seat. dent or sudden stop. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM PRECAUTIONS ON The supplemental air bags operate only SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT when the ignition switch is in the ON or START position. SYSTEM After turning the ignition key to the ON This Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) sec- position, the supplemental air bag warning tion contains important information concerning light illuminates. The supplemental air bag the driver and passenger supplemental front air warning light will turn off after about 7 bags and pre-tensioner seat belts. seconds if the system is operational. Supplemental front impact air bag system: This system can help cushion the impact force to the head and chest of the driver and front pas- senger in certain frontal collisions. WRS0134 Supplemental curtain side-impact air bag system (if so equipped): This system can helpAdjust the head restraint so the center is level cushion the impact force to the head of occu-with the center of your ears. pants in front and rear outboard seating positions in certain side impact collisions. The curtain side- impact air bags are designed to inflate on the side where the vehicle is impacted. The supplemental air bags are designed to supplement the crash protection provided by the driver and front passenger seat belts and are not a substitute for them. Seat belts should always be correctly worn and the driver and front passenger seated a suitable distance away from the steering wheel and instrument panel. (See “Seat belts” later in this section for instructions and precautions on seat belt usage.)1-8 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● The driver and front passenger seat belt buckles are equipped with sensors that detect if the seat belts are fastened. The air bag system monitors the severity of a collision and then inflates the air bags based on belt usage. Failure to properly wear seat belts can increase the risk or severity of injury in an accident. ● Keep hands on the outside of the steer- ing wheel. Placing them inside the steering wheel rim could increase the risk that they are injured when the supplemental front air bag inflates. WRS0031 WARNING ● The seat belts and the supplemental front air bags are most effective when● The supplemental front air bags ordi- you are sitting well back and upright in narily will not inflate in the event of a the seat. The front air bags inflate with side impact, rear impact, rollover, or great force. If you are unrestrained, lower severity frontal collision. Always leaning forward, sitting sideways or out wear your seat belts to help reduce the of position in any way, you are at risk or severity of injury in various kinds greater risk of injury or death in a crash. of accidents. You may also receive serious or fatal injuries from the supplemental front air bag if you are up against it when it inflates. Always sit back against the seatback and as far away as practical from the steering wheel or instrument panel. Always use the seat belts. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ARS1133 ARS1041 WARNING ● Never let children ride unrestrained or extend their hands or face out of the window. Do not attempt to hold them in your lap or arms. Some examples of dangerous riding positions are shown in the illustrations.1-10 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ARS1042 ARS1043 ARS1044 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ARS1045 WRS0256 SSS0101 WARNING WARNING ● Children may be severely injured or Supplemental curtain side impact air bag: killed when the supplemental front air ● The supplemental curtain side-impact bags or curtain side-impact air bags air bag ordinarily will not inflate in the inflate if they are not properly re- event of a frontal impact, rear impact, strained. Pre-teens and children should rollover or lower severity side collision. be properly restrained in the rear seat, if Always wear your seat belt to help re- possible. duce the risk or severity of injury in ● Never install a rear-facing child re- various kinds of accidents. straint in the front seat. An inflating supplemental front air bag could seri- ously injure or kill your child. See “Child restraints” later in this section for details.1-12 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WRS0236 SSS0159 SSS0162 WARNING● The seat belts and the supplemental curtain side-impact air bags are most effective when you are sitting well back and upright in the seat. The curtain side-impact air bag inflates with great force. Do not allow anyone to place their hand, leg or face near the side roof rails or to extend their hand out of the window or lean against the door. Some examples of dangerous riding positions are shown in the previous illustrations. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Supplemental front air bag system The driver supplemental front air bag is located in the center of the steering wheel. The passenger supplemental front air bag is mounted in the dashboard above the glove box. These systems are designed to meet optional certification requirements under U.S. regulations. They are also permitted in Canada. The optional certification allows the front air bags to be de- signed to inflate somewhat less forcefully than previously. However, all of the information, cautions and warnings in this manual still apply and must be followed. The supplemental front air bag system is de- signed to inflate in higher severity frontal colli- sions, although it may inflate if the forces in an- other type of collision are similar to those of a higher severity frontal impact. It may not inflate in certain frontal collisions. Vehicle damage (or lack of it) is not always an indication of proper supple- mental front air bag system operation. WRS0237 The supplemental air bag system has dual stage1. Crash zone sensor 6. Driver seat belt buckle switch inflators for both the driver and passenger air2. Passenger supplemental air bag module 7. Air bag diagnosis sensor unit bags. The system monitors information from the3. Passenger seat belt buckle switch 8. Front seat belt pre-tensioner crash zone sensor, the diagnosis sensor unit and seat belt buckle sensors that detect if the seat4. Side curtain air bag 9. Driver supplemental air bag module belts are fastened. Inflator operation is based on5. Front seat belt pre-tensioner the severity of a collision and whether the seat belts are being used. Only one front air bag may1-14 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • inflate in a crash, depending on the crash severity The front air bags deflate quickly after a collision. ● No unauthorized changes should beand whether the front occupants are belted or made to any components or wiring of The supplemental front air bags operateunbelted. This does not indicate improper perfor- the supplemental air bag system. This is only when the ignition switch is in the ONmance of the system. If you have any questions to prevent accidental inflation of the or START position.about the performance of your air bag system, supplemental air bag or damage to theplease contact your NISSAN dealer. After turning the ignition key to the ON supplemental air bag system. position, the supplemental air bag warningWhen the supplemental front air bag inflates, a ● Do not make unauthorized changes to light illuminates. The supplemental air bagfairly loud noise may be heard, followed by the your vehicle’s electrical system, sus- warning light will turn off after about 7 pension system or front end structure.release of smoke. This smoke is not harmful and seconds if the system is operational. This could affect proper operation ofdoes not indicate a fire. Care should be taken tonot inhale it, as it may cause irritation and chok- the supplemental front air bag system. WARNINGing. Those with a history of a breathing condition ● Tampering with the supplemental frontshould get fresh air promptly. ● Do not place any objects on the steer- air bag system may result in serious ing wheel pad or on the instrument personal injury. Tampering includesSupplemental front air bags, along with the use of panel. Also, do not place any objects changes to the steering wheel and theseat belts, help to cushion the impact force on between any occupant and the steering instrument panel assembly by placingthe face and chest of the front occupants. They wheel or instrument panel. Such ob- material over the steering wheel padcan help save lives and reduce serious injuries. jects may become dangerous projec- and above the instrument panel or byHowever, an inflating front air bag may cause tiles and cause injury if the supplemen- installing additional trim materialfacial abrasions or other injuries. Front air bags tal front air bag inflates. around the air bag system.do not provide restraint to the lower body. ● Right after inflation, several front airSeat belts should be correctly worn and the bag system components will be hot. Dodriver and passenger seated upright as far as not touch them; you may severely burnpractical away from the steering wheel or instru- yourself.ment panel. The supplemental front air bags in-flate quickly in order to help protect the frontoccupants. Because of this, the force of the frontair bag inflating can increase the risk of injury ifthe occupant is too close to, or is against, thefront air bag module during inflation. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Maintenance around and on the supple- designed to inflate on the side where the vehicle mental front air bag system should be is impacted. They may not inflate in certain side done by a NISSAN dealer. Installation collisions. of electrical equipment should also be Vehicle damage (or lack of it) is not always an done by a NISSAN dealer. The Supple- indication of proper supplemental curtain side- mental Restraint System (SRS) wiring impact air bag operation. should not be modified or discon- nected. Unauthorized electrical test When the supplemental curtain side-impact air equipment and probing devices should bags inflate, a fairly loud noise may be heard, not be used on the air bag system. followed by release of smoke. This smoke is not● A cracked windshield should be re- harmful and does not indicate a fire. Care should placed immediately by a qualified re- be taken not to inhale it, as it may cause irritation pair facility. A cracked windshield could and choking. Those with a history of a breathing affect inflation of the supplemental air condition should get fresh air promptly. WRS0235 bag system. Supplemental curtain side-impact air bags help Supplemental curtain side-impact air● The SRS wiring harness connectors are to cushion the impact force to the head of occu- yellow and orange for easy bag system (if so equipped) pants in the front and rear outboard seating po- identification. The supplemental curtain side-impact air bags sitions. They can help save lives and reduce are located in the roof side rails. This system is serious injuries. However, an inflating curtainWhen selling your vehicle, we request that youinform the buyer about the supplemental front air designed to meet voluntary guidelines to help side-impact air bag may cause abrasions or otherbag system and guide the buyer to the appropri- reduce the risk of injury to out-of-position occu- injuries. Supplemental curtain side-impact airate sections in this Owner’s Manual. pants. However, all of the information, cau- bags do not provide restraint to the lower body. tions and warnings in this manual still ap- Rear seat passengers should be seated as far ply and must be followed. The curtain side- away as practical from the door finishers and side impact air bags are designed to inflate in higher roof rails. The curtain side-impact air bag inflate severity side collisions, although they may inflate quickly in order to help protect the occupants. if the forces in another type of collision are similar Because of this, the force of the curtain side- to those of a higher severity side impact. They are impact air bag inflating can increase the risk of injury if the occupant is too close to, or is against,1-16 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • these air bag modules during inflation. The cur- ● Do not make unauthorized changes to Pre-tensioner seat belt system (Fortain side-impact air bag will deflate quickly after your vehicle’s electrical system, sus- front seats)the collision is over. pension system or side panel. ThisThe supplemental curtain side-impact air could affect proper operation of the WARNINGbags operate only when the ignition switch supplemental curtain side-impact air bag system. ● The pre-tensioner seat belt cannot beis in the ON or START position. reused after activation. It must be re- ● Work around and on the curtain side- placed together with the retractor andAfter turning the ignition key to the ON impact air bag system should be done buckle as a unit.position, the supplemental air bag warning by a NISSAN dealer. Installation of elec-light illuminates. The supplemental air bag trical equipment should also be done by ● If the vehicle becomes involved in awarning light will turn off after about 7 a NISSAN dealer. The SRS wiring har- frontal collision but the pre-tensioner isseconds if the system is operational. nesses* should not be modified or dis- not activated, be sure to have the pre- connected. Unauthorized electrical test tensioner system checked and, if nec- WARNING equipment and probing devices should essary, replaced by your NISSAN not be used on the side air bag system. dealer.● Right after inflation, several curtain side-impact air bag system compo- ● No unauthorized changes should be * The SRS wiring harness connectors are made to any components or wiring of nents will be hot. Do not touch them; yellow and orange for easy identification. the pre-tensioner seat belt system. This you may severely burn yourself. When selling your vehicle, we request that you is to prevent accidental activation of● No unauthorized changes should be the pre-tensioner seat belt or damage made to any components or wiring of inform the buyer about the supplemental side air bag and curtain side-impact air bag system and to the pre-tensioner seat belt operation. the curtain side-impact air bag system. Tampering with the pre-tensioner seat This is to prevent accidental inflation of guide the buyer to the appropriate sections in this Owner’s Manual. belt system may result in serious per- the curtain side-impact air bag or dam- sonal injury. age to the curtain side-impact air bag system. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-17 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Work around and on the pre-tensioner cause irritation and choking. Those with a history system should be done by a NISSAN of a breathing condition should get fresh air dealer. Installation of electrical equip- promptly. ment should also be done by a NISSAN If any abnormality occurs in the pre-tensioner dealer. Unauthorized electrical test system, the supplemental air bag warning equipment and probing devices should light will flash intermittently after the igni- not be used on the pre-tensioner seat tion key is turned to the ON or START position. In belt system. this case, the pre-tensioner seat belt will not● If you need to dispose of the pre- function properly. They must be checked and tensioner or scrap the vehicle, contact a repaired. Take your vehicle to the nearest NISSAN dealer. Correct pre-tensioner NISSAN dealer. disposal procedures are set forth in the When selling your vehicle, we request that you appropriate NISSAN Service Manual. inform the buyer about the pre-tensioner seat belt Incorrect disposal procedures could system and guide the buyer to the appropriate cause personal injury. sections in this Owner’s Manual.The front seat pre-tensioner seat belt systemactivates in conjunction with the supplementalfront air bag. Working with the seat belt retractor,it helps tighten the seat belt the instant the ve-hicle becomes involved in certain types of colli-sions, thereby restraining seat occupants.The pre-tensioner is encased with the seat belt’sretractor. These seat belts are used the same asconventional seat belts.When the pre-tensioner seat belt activates,smoke is released and a loud noise may be heard.This smoke is not harmful and does not indicate afire. Care should be taken not to inhale it, as it may1-18 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • LRS0100 SUPPLEMENTAL AIR BAG WARNING LIGHT The supplemental air bag warning light, displaying in the instrument panel, moni- tors the circuits of the supplemental front air bag, supplemental curtain side-impact air bag (if so WRS0188 equipped) and pre-tensioner seat belt systems. The circuits monitored by the supplemental air1. SRS Air Bag Warning Labels SUPPLEMENTAL AIR BAG bag warning light are the diagnosis sensor unit,2. SRS Curtain Side-impact Air Bag WARNING LABELS crash zone sensor, supplemental front air bag Warning Labels (located on the door modules, supplemental curtain side-impact air Warning labels about the supplemental front air pillar) (if so equipped) bag and curtain side-impact air bag systems are bag modules (if so equipped), pre-tensioner seat placed in the vehicle as shown in the illustration. belts and all related wiring. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-19 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • When the ignition key is in the ON or START Repair and replacement procedure WARNINGposition, the supplemental air bag warning lightilluminates for about 7 seconds and then turns The supplemental front air bags, supplemental ● Once a supplemental front air bag oroff. This means the system is operational. curtain side-impact air bags (if so equipped) and supplemental curtain side-impact air pre-tensioner seat belts are designed to inflate bag has inflated, the air bag module willIf any of the following system conditions occur, on a one-time-only basis. As a reminder, unless it not function again and must be re-the supplemental front air bag, supplemental cur- is damaged, the supplemental air bag warning placed. Additionally, if any of thetain side-impact air bag and pre-tensioner seat light remains illuminated after inflation has oc- supplemental front air bags inflate, thebelt systems need servicing: curred. Repair and replacement of these supple- activated pre-tensioner seat belts must mental air bag systems should be done only by a also be replaced. The air bag module ● The supplemental air bag warning light re- NISSAN dealer. and pre-tensioner seat belt system mains on after approximately 7 seconds. should be replaced by a NISSAN dealer. ● The supplemental air bag warning light When maintenance work is required on the ve- The air bag module and pre-tensioner flashes intermittently. hicle, the supplemental front air bags, supple- seat belt system cannot be repaired. mental curtain side-impact air bags, pre- ● The supplemental air bag warning light does ● The supplemental front air bag and cur- tensioner seat belts and related parts should be not come on at all. tain side-impact air bag systems, and pointed out to the person performing the mainte- the pre-tensioner seat belt systemUnder these conditions, the Supplemental Re- nance. The ignition key should always be in the should be inspected by a NISSANstraint System (supplemental front air bag, LOCK position when working under the hood or dealer if there is any damage to thesupplemental curtain side-impact air bag or pre- inside the vehicle. front end or side portion of the vehicle.tensioner seat belt systems) may not operate ● If you need to dispose of the supple-properly. It must be checked and repaired. Take mental air bag, pre-tensioner seat beltyour vehicle to the nearest NISSAN dealer. system or scrap the vehicle, contact a NISSAN dealer. Correct supplemental WARNING air bag and pre-tensioner seat belt sys-If the supplemental air bag warning light tem disposal procedures are set forth inis on, it could mean that the supplemental the appropriate NISSAN Servicefront air bag or pre-tensioner seat belt Manual. Incorrect disposal proceduressystems will not operate in an accident. could cause personal injury.1-20 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • SEAT BELTS SSS0136PRECAUTIONS ON SEAT BELTUSAGEIf you are wearing your seat belt properly ad-justed, your chances of being injured or killed inan accident and/or the severity of injury may begreatly reduced. NISSAN strongly encouragesyou and all of your passengers to buckle up everytime you drive, even if your seating position in-cludes a supplemental air bag.Most U.S. states and Canadian provincesor territories specify that seat belts be wornat all times when a vehicle is being driven. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-21 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • SSS0134 SSS0016 WARNING WARNING● Every person who drives or rides in this ● The seat belt should be properly ad- vehicle should use a seat belt at all justed to a snug fit. Failure to do so may times. Children should be properly re- reduce the effectiveness of the entire strained in the rear seat and, if appro- restraint system and increase the priate, in a child restraint. chance or severity of injury in an acci- dent. Serious injury or death can occur if the seat belt is not worn properly.1-22 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Be sure the seat belt tongue is securely ● All seat belt assemblies, including re- fastened to the proper buckle. tractors and attaching hardware, should be inspected after any collision ● Do not wear the seat belt inside out or by a NISSAN dealer. NISSAN recom- twisted. Doing so may reduce its mends that all seat belt assemblies in effectiveness. use during a collision be replaced un- ● Do not allow more than one person to less the collision was minor and the use the same seat belt. belts show no damage and continue to ● Never carry more people in the vehicle operate properly. Seat belt assemblies than there are seat belts. not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if either ● Never allow anyone to ride in the cargo damage or improper operation is noted. area while the vehicle is in motion. It does not contain seat belts. It is not ● All child restraints and attaching hard- SSS0014 designed for passengers. They could be ware should be inspected after any col- injured in sudden braking or a collision. lision. Always follow the restraint WARNING manufacturer’s inspection instructions ● If the seat belt warning light glows con- and replacement recommendations.● Always route the shoulder belt over tinuously while the ignition is turned The child restraints should be replaced your shoulder and across your chest. ON with all doors closed and all seat if they are damaged. Never run the belt behind your back, belts fastened, it may indicate a mal- under your arm or across your neck. The function in the system. Have the system CHILD SAFETY belt should be away from your face and checked by a NISSAN dealer. neck, but not falling off your shoulder. Children need adults to help protect them. ● Once the pre-tensioner seat belt has They need to be properly restrained.● Position the lap belt as low and snug as activated, it cannot be reused and must possible AROUND THE HIPS, NOT THE be replaced together with the retractor. The proper restraint depends on the child’s size. WAIST. A lap belt worn too high could See your NISSAN dealer. Generally, infants up to about 1 year and less increase the risk of internal injuries in than 20 pounds (9 kg) should be placed in rear an accident. ● Removal and installation of the pre- facing child restraints. Front facing child re- tensioner seat belt system components straints are available for children who outgrow should be done by a NISSAN dealer. rear facing child restraints. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-23 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WARNING Infants and small children WARNINGInfants and children need special protec- NISSAN recommends that infants and small chil- Never let a child stand or kneel on anytion. The vehicle’s seat belts may not fit dren be placed in child restraints that comply with seat and do not allow a child in the cargothem properly. The shoulder belt may Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards or Ca- areas while the vehicle is moving. Thecome too close to the face or neck. The nadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. You child could be seriously injured or killed inlap belt may not fit over their small hip should choose a child restraint that fits your ve- an accident or sudden stop.bones. In an accident, an improperly fit- hicle and always follow the manufacturer’s in-ting seat belt could cause serious or fatal structions for installation and use. PREGNANT WOMENinjury. Always use appropriate child Larger children NISSAN recommends that pregnant women userestraints. seat belts. The seat belt should be worn snug,All U.S. states and Canadian provinces or terri- Children who are too large for child restraints and always position the lap belt as low as pos-tories require the use of approved child restraints should be seated and restrained by the seat belts sible around the hips, not the waist. Place thefor infants and small children. See “Child Re- which are provided. shoulder belt over your shoulder and across yourstraints” later in this section. If the child’s seating position has a shoulder belt chest. Never run the lap/shoulder belt over your that fits close to the face or neck, the use of a abdominal area. Contact your doctor for specificIn addition, there are many types of child re- recommendations.straints available for larger children which should booster seat (commercially available) may helpbe used for maximum protection. overcome this. The booster seat should raise the INJURED PERSONS child so that the shoulder belt is properly posi-NISSAN recommends that all pre-teens tioned across the top, middle portion of the NISSAN recommends that injured persons useand children be restrained in the rear seat. shoulder and the lap belt is low on the hips. The seat belts. Check with your doctor for specificAccording to accident statistics, children booster seat should fit the vehicle seat and have recommendations.are safer when properly restrained in the a label certifying that it complies with Federalrear seat than in the front seat. This is Motor Vehicle Safety Standards or Canadian Mo-especially important because your vehicle tor Vehicle Safety Standards. Once the child hashas a supplemental restraint system (Air grown so the shoulder belt is no longer on or nearbag system) for the front passenger. See the face and neck, use the shoulder belt without“Supplemental restraint system” earlier in the booster seat.this section.1-24 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • THREE-POINT TYPE SEAT BELTWITH RETRACTOR WARNING● Every person who drives or rides in this vehicle should use a seat belt at all times.● Do not ride in a moving vehicle when the seatback is reclined. This can be dangerous. The shoulder belt will not be against your body. In an accident, you could be thrown into it and receive neck or other serious injuries. You could also slide under the lap belt and WRS0174 WRS0137 receive serious internal injuries. Fastening the seat belts ᭺ 2 Slowly pull the seat belt out of the retractor and insert the tongue into the buckle until you● For the most effective protection when ᭺ 1 Adjust the seat. See “Seats” earlier in this hear and feel the latch engage. the vehicle is in motion, the seat should section. be upright. Always sit well back in the The retractor is designed to lock during a seat and adjust the seat belt properly. sudden stop or on impact. A slow pulling motion permits the seat belt to move, and allows you some freedom of movement in the seat. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-25 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • emergency locking mode. See “Child restraints” later in this section for more information. The automatic locking mode should be used only for child restraint installation. During normal seat belt use by a passen- ger, the locking mode should not be acti- vated. If it is activated it may cause uncom- fortable seat belt tension. WARNING When fastening the seat belts, be certain that the seatbacks are completely se- cured in the latched position. If they are WRS0138 not completely secured, passengers may WRS0139 be injured in an accident or sudden stop.᭺3 Position the lap belt portion low and snug Unfastening the seat belts on the hips as shown. ᭺ 1 To unfasten the seat belt, press the button on᭺4 Pull the shoulder belt portion toward the the buckle. The seat belt automatically re- retractor to take up extra slack. Make sure the tracts. shoulder belt is routed over your shoulder and is snug across your chest. Checking seat belt operationThe front passenger seat belt and the rear three- Seat belt retractors are designed to lock seat beltpoint seat belts have a cinching mechanism for movement by two separate methods:child restraint installation. It is referred to as the ● When the seat belt is pulled quickly from theautomatic locking mode. retractor.When automatic locking mode is activated the ● When the vehicle slows down rapidly.seat belt cannot be withdrawn again until the seatbelt tongue is detached from the buckle and fully To increase your confidence in the seat belts,retracted. Once retracted, the seat belt is in the check the operation as follows.1-26 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Grasp the shoulder belt and pull forward WARNING quickly. The retractor should lock and re- strict further belt movement. ● After adjustment, release the adjust- ment button and try to move the shoul-If the retractor does not lock during this check or der belt anchor up and down to makeif you have any questions about seat belt opera- sure it is securely fixed in position.tion, see a NISSAN dealer. ● The shoulder belt anchor height should be adjusted to the position best for you. Failure to do so may reduce the effec- tiveness of the entire restraint system and increase the chance or severity of injury in an accident. WRS0189 Shoulder belt height adjustment (For front seats) The shoulder belt anchor height should be ad- justed to the position best for you. (See “Precau- tions on seat belt usage” earlier in this section.) To adjust, pull out the adjustment button ᭺ and 1 move the shoulder belt anchor to the desired position ᭺, so the belt passes over the center of 2 the shoulder. The belt should be away from your face and neck, but not falling off your shoulder. Release the adjustment button to lock the shoul- der belt anchor into position. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-27 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WRS0190 WRS0191 WRS0192TWO-POINT TYPE SEAT BELT Fastening the belts 2. Tighten the belt by pulling the free end of theWITHOUT RETRACTOR (center of belt away from the tongue. 1. Insert the tongue into the buckle until yourear seat) hear and feel the latch engage.1-28 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WRS0193 WRS0194 WRS02013. Position the lap belt low and snug on the 4. Loosen the belt by holding the tongue at a Unfastening the seat belts hips as illustrated. right angle to the belt, then pull on the belt. To unfasten the seat belt, press the button the buckle. SEAT BELT EXTENDERS If, because of body size or driving position, it is not possible to properly fit the lap-shoulder belt and fasten it, an extender is available which is compatible with the installed seat belts. The ex- tender adds approximately 8 inches (200 mm) of length and may be used for either the driver or front passenger seating position. See a NISSAN dealer for assistance if an extender is required. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-29 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • CHILD RESTRAINTS ● Periodically check to see that the seat WARNING belt and the metal components, such as● Only NISSAN seat belt extenders, made buckles, tongues, retractors, flexible wires by the same company which made the and anchors, work properly. If loose parts, original equipment seat belts, should deterioration, cuts or other damage on the be used with NISSAN seat belts. webbing is found, the entire seat belt as-● Adults and children who can use the sembly should be replaced. standard seat belt should not use an extender. Such unnecessary use could result in serious personal injury in the event of an accident.● Never use seat belt extenders to install child restraints. If the child restraint is not secured properly, the child could be ARS1098 seriously injured in a collision or a sud- den stop. PRECAUTIONS ON CHILD RESTRAINTSSEAT BELT MAINTENANCE ● To clean the seat belt webbing, apply a WARNING mild soap solution or any solution recom- ● Infants and small children should al- mended for cleaning upholstery or carpet. ways be placed in an appropriate child Then wipe with a cloth and allow the seat restraint while riding in the vehicle. belts to dry in the shade. Do not allow the Failure to use a child restraint can re- seat belts to retract until they are completely sult in serious injury or death. dry. ● If dirt builds up in the shoulder belt guide of the seat belt anchors, the seat belts may retract slowly. Wipe the shoulder belt guide with a clean, dry cloth.1-30 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Never install a rear-facing child re- ● Choose only a restraint with a label certifying straint in the front seat. An inflating that it complies with Federal Motor Vehicle supplemental front air bag could seri- Safety Standard 213 or Canadian Motor ously injure or kill your child. A rear- Vehicle Safety Standard 213. facing child restraint must only be used ● Check the child restraint in your vehicle to be in the rear seat. sure it is compatible with the vehicle’s seat ● NISSAN recommends that the child re- and seat belt system. straint be installed in the rear seat. Ac- cording to accident statistics, children ● If the child restraint is compatible with your are safer when properly restrained in vehicle, place your child in the child restraint the rear seat than in the front seat. and check the various adjustments to be sure the child restraint is compatible with ● An improperly installed child restraint your child. Always follow all recommended could lead to serious injury or death in procedures. WRS0256 an accident. All U.S. states and provinces of Canada WARNING In general, child restraints are designed to be require that infants and small children be installed with a lap belt or the lap portion of a restrained in an approved child restraint at● Infants and small children should never three-point type seat belt. In addition, this vehicle be carried on your lap. It is not possible all times while the vehicle is being oper- is equipped with a universal child restraint lower for even the strongest adult to resist the ated. anchor system, referred to as the LATCH (Lower forces of a severe accident. The child Anchors and Tether for Children) system. Some could be crushed between the adult and WARNING child restraints include two rigid or webbing- parts of the vehicle. Also, do not put the mounted attachments that can be connected to ● Improper use of a child restraint can same seat belt around both your child these lower anchors. For details, see the “LATCH increase the risk or severity of injury for and yourself. (Lower Anchors and Tether for Children) system” both the child and other occupants of later in this section. the vehicle. Child restraints for infants and small children of various sizes are offered by several manufactur- ers. When selecting any child restraint, keep the following points in mind: Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-31 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Follow all of the child restraint manu- ● For a front-facing child restraint, if the facturer’s instructions for installation seat position where it is installed has a and use. When purchasing a child re- three-point type lap/shoulder belt, straint, be sure to select one which will check to make sure the shoulder belt fit your child and vehicle. It may not be does not go in front of the child’s face or possible to properly install some types neck. If it does, put the shoulder belt of child restraints in your vehicle. behind the child restraint. If you must install a front facing child restraint in● If the child restraint is not anchored the front seat, see “Installation on front properly, the risk of a child being in- passenger seat” later in this section. jured in a collision or a sudden stop greatly increases. ● When your child restraint is not in use, keep it secured with a seat belt to pre-● Adjustable seatbacks should be posi- vent it from being thrown around in tioned to fit the child restraint, but as case of a sudden stop or accident. upright as possible. WRS0263 Front Facing — step 1● After attaching the child restraint, test it CAUTION before you place the child in it. Tilt it INSTALLATION ON REAR SEAT from side to side. Try to tug it forward Remember that a child restraint left in a CENTER POSITION and check to see if the belt holds the closed vehicle can become very hot. restraint in place. The child restraint Check the seating surface and buckles before placing your child in the child Front facing should not move more than 1 inch. If the restraint is not secure, tighten the belt restraint. When you install a child restraint in the rear as necessary, or put the restraint in an- center seat, follow these steps: other seat and test it again. 1. Position the child restraint on the seat as illustrated. Always follow the restraint manu- facturer’s instructions.1-32 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WRS0250 WRS0264 WRS0265 Front Facing — step 2 Front Facing — step 3 Front Facing — step 42. Route the seat belt tongue through the child 3. Remove all slack in the lap belt for a very 4. Before placing the child in the child restraint, restraint and insert it into the buckle until you tight fit by pulling forcefully on the lap belt use force to tilt the child restraint from side hear and feel the latch engage. adjustment. to side, and tug it forward to make sure it is securely in place. It should not move more Be sure to follow the child restraint manu- than 1 inch. facturer’s instructions for belt routing. 5. If it is not secure, try to tighten the belt again, or put the restraint in another seat. 6. Check to make sure the child restraint is properly secured prior to each use. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-33 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WRS0266 WRS0267 WRS0268 Rear Facing — step 1 Rear Facing — step 2 Rear Facing — step 3Rear facing 2. Route the seat belt tongue through the child 3. Remove all slack in the lap belt for a very restraint and insert it into the buckle until you tight fit by pulling forcefully on the lap beltWhen you install a child restraint in the rear hear and feel the latch engage. adjustment.center seat, follow these steps: Be sure to follow the child restraint manu- 1. Position the child restraint on the seat as facturer’s instructions for belt routing. illustrated. Always follow the restraint manu- facturer’s instructions.1-34 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • INSTALLATION ON REAR SEAT OUTBOARD POSITIONS WARNING ● The three-point seat belt in your vehicle is equipped with an automatic locking mode retractor which must be used when installing a child restraint. ● Failure to use the retractor’s locking mode will result in the child restraint not being properly secured. The re- straint could tip over or otherwise be unsecured and cause injury to the child WRS0269 WRS0272 in a sudden stop or collision. Rear Facing — step 4 Front Facing — step 14. Before placing the child in the child restraint, Front facing use force to tilt the child restraint from side to side, and tug it forward to make sure it is When you install a child restraint in a rear out- securely in place. It should not move more board seat, follow these steps: than 1 inch. 1. Position the child restraint on the seat. Al-5. If it is not secure, try to tighten the belt again, ways follow the restraint manufacturer’s in- or put the restraint in another seat. structions.6. Check to make sure the child restraint is properly secured prior to each use. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-35 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WRS0250 WRS0251 WRS0146 Front Facing — step 2 Front Facing — step 3 Front Facing — step 4 2. Route the seat belt tongue through the child 3. Pull on the shoulder belt until all of the belt is 4. Allow the belt to retract. Pull up on the restraint and insert it into the buckle until you fully extended. At this time, the belt retractor shoulder belt to remove any slack in the belt. hear and feel the latch engage. is in the automatic locking mode (child re- straint mode). It reverts back to emergency Be sure to follow the child restraint manu- locking mode when the belt is fully retracted. facturer’s instructions for belt routing.1-36 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • After the child restraint is removed and the seat belt is fully retracted, the automatic locking mode (child restraint mode) is canceled. WRS0252 WRS0273 Front Facing — step 5 Rear Facing — step 15. Before placing the child in the child restraint, Rear facing use force to tilt the child restraint from side When you install a child restraint in a rear out- to side, and tug it forward to make sure it is board seat, follow these steps: securely held in place. It should not move more than 1 inch. 1. Position the child restraint on the seat. Al- ways follow the restraint manufacturer’s in-6. Check that the retractor is in the automatic structions. locking mode by trying to pull more belt out of the retractor. If you cannot pull any more belt webbing out of the retractor, the retrac- tor is in the automatic locking mode.7. Check to make sure the child restraint is properly secured prior to each use. If the belt is not locked, repeat steps 3 through 6. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-37 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WRS0309 WRS0260 WRS0253 Rear Facing — step 2 Rear Facing — step 3 Rear Facing — step 4 2. Route the seat belt tongue through the child 3. Pull on the shoulder belt until all of the belt is 4. Allow the belt to retract. Pull up on the restraint and insert it into the buckle until you fully extended. At this time, the belt retractor shoulder belt to remove any slack in the belt. hear and feel it engage. is in the automatic locking mode (child re- straint mode). It reverts back to emergency Be sure to follow the child restraint manu- locking mode when the belt is fully retracted. facturer’s instructions for belt routing.1-38 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • After the child restraint is removed and the seat belt is fully retracted, the automatic locking mode (child restraint mode) is canceled. WRS0254 WRS0206 Rear Facing — step 5 LATCH (lower anchors and tether for5. Before placing the child in the child restraint, children) SYSTEM use force to tilt the child restraint from side to side, and tug it forward to make sure it is WARNING securely held in place. It should not move more than 1 inch. ● Attach LATCH system compatible child restraints only at the locations shown. If6. Check that the retractor is in the automatic a child restraint is not secured properly, locking mode by trying to pull more belt out your child could be seriously injured or of the retractor. If you cannot pull any more killed in an accident. belt webbing out of the retractor, the retrac- ● Do not secure a child restraint in the tor is in the automatic locking mode. center rear seating position using the7. Check to make sure the child restraint is LATCH system anchors. The child re- properly secured prior to each use. If the belt straint will not be secured properly. is not locked, repeat steps 3 through 6. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-39 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● The LATCH system anchors are de- LATCH child restraints generally require the use 2. After attaching the child restraint and before signed to withstand only those loads of a top tether strap. See “Top tether strap child placing the child in it, use force to tilt the imposed by correctly fitted child re- restraint” later in this section for installation in- child restraint from side to side and tug it straints. Under no circumstance are structions. forward to make sure that the child restraint they to be used for adult seat belts or is securely held in place. It should not move When installing a child restraint, carefully read more than 1 inch. harnesses. and follow the instructions in this manual and those supplied with the child restraint. 3. Check to make sure that the child restraint isSome child restraints include two rigid or properly secured prior to each use.webbing-mounted attachments that can be con- When you install a LATCH system compatiblenected to two anchors located at certain seating child restraint to the lower anchor attachments,positions in your vehicle. This system is known as follow these steps:the LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tether for Chil-dren) system. This system may also be referred to WARNINGas the ISOFIX or ISOFIX compatible system.With this system, you do not have to use a vehicle Inspect the lower anchors by insertingseat belt to secure the child restraint. Your vehicle your fingers into the lower anchor area and feeling to make sure there are nois equipped with special anchor points that are obstructions over the LATCH system an-used with LATCH system compatible child re- chors, such as seat belt webbing or seatstraints. Check your child restraint for a label cushion material. The child restraint willstating that it is compatible with the LATCH sys- not be secured properly if the LATCH sys-tem. This information may also be in the child tem anchors are obstructed.restraint owner’s manual. If you have such a childrestraint, refer to the illustration for the seating 1. To install the LATCH system compatiblepositions equipped with LATCH system anchors child restraint, insert the child restraintwhich can be used to secure the child restraint. LATCH system anchor attachments into the anchor points on the seat. If the child re-The LATCH system anchors are located at the straint is equipped with a top tether, seerear of the seat cushion near the seatback. A “Top tether strap child restraint” later in thislabel is attached to the seatback to help you section for installation instructions.locate the LATCH system anchors.1-40 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • structions to remove any slack. Make sure the shoulder belt is placed between the seat back and child restraint. For the rear outboard seating positions, place the top tether strap over the seat back as shown in the illustration. WRS0207 WRS0209 Rear seat outboard position Rear seat outboard position1. Hook TOP TETHER STRAP CHILD2. Anchor bracket RESTRAINT3. Tether strap4. Tongue and buckle fastened This vehicle is equipped with 3 anchor brackets in the rear cargo area for attaching child restraint top tether straps. If your child restraint has a top tether strap, se- cure the child restraint with the two-point (center) or three-point seat belt and latch the top strap hook onto the anchor bracket which provides the straightest installation of the tether strap. Tighten the strap according to the manufacturer’s in- Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-41 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WARNING In the center position the top tether strap must be correctly placed between the split in the rear seat back cushions. If the child restraint top tether strap is not secured properly, your child could be seriously in- jured or killed in an accident. Secure the top strap to the attaching bracket that provides the straightest installation of the strap. Tighten the strap according to the manufactur- er’s instructions to remove any slack. WRS0208 WARNING WRS0232 Rear seat center position ● Child restraint anchor points are de- 1. Anchor point locationsFor the rear center seating position, place the top signed to withstand only those loads imposed by correctly fitted child re- 2. Cargo tie down hook flapstether strap through the split between the rear straints. Under no circumstances are Anchor point locationsseat back cushion as shown in the illustration. they to be used for adult seat belts orPosition the tether as low as possible in the split Anchor points are located in the cargo area under harnesses.before tightening the top tether strap. Do not the carpet ᭺. 1place the top tether strap over the seat back to ● The child restraint top tether strap maythe side of the split when installing a child re- be damaged by contact with the ton- If you have any questions when installing astraint in the center rear position. In that position neau cover or items in the cargo area. top strap child restraint on the rear seat,the top tether strap may not stay in place and not Remove the tonneau cover from the ve- consult your NISSAN dealer for details.keep the child restraint secure in a crash. hicle or secure it and any cargo. Your child could be seriously injured or killed in a collision if the top tether strap is damaged.1-42 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WRS0210 WRS0256 WRS0255Flaps are provided in the carpet for easy access INSTALLATION ON FRONT WARNINGto the anchor point locations and are marked with PASSENGER SEATthe label shown. ● NISSAN recommends that child re- straints be installed in the rear seat. WARNING However, if you must install a forward- ● Never install a rear-facing child re- facing child restraint in the front pas- straint in the front passenger seat. senger seat, move the passenger seat Supplemental front air bags inflate with to the rearmost position. great force. A rear-facing child restraint ● A child restraint with a top tether strap could be struck by the supplemental should not be used in the front passen- front air bag in a crash and could seri- ger seat. ously injure or kill your child. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-43 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● The three-point seat belt in your vehicle is equipped with an automatic locking mode retractor which must be used when installing a child restraint.● Failure to use the retractor’s locking mode will result in the child restraint not being properly secured. The re- straint could tip over or otherwise be unsecured and cause injury to the child in a sudden stop or collision. WRS0258 WRS0159 Front Facing — step 1 Front Facing — step 2 If you must install a child restraint in the front seat, 2. Route the seat belt tongue through the child follow these steps: restraint and insert it into the buckle until you hear and feel the latch engage. 1. Position the child restraint on the front pas- Be sure to follow the child restraint manufac- senger seat. It should be placed in a turer’s instructions for belt routing. front-facing direction only. Move the seat to the rearmost position. Always follow the child restraint manufacturer’s in- structions. Child restraints for infants must be used in the rear-facing direc- tion and therefore must not be used in the front seat.1-44 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WRS0160 WRS0161 WRS0257 Front Facing — step 3 Front Facing — step 4 Front Facing — step 53. Pull on the shoulder belt until all of the belt is 4. Allow the seat belt to retract slightly. Pull up 5. Before placing the child in the child restraint, fully extended. At this time, the seat belt on the shoulder belt to remove any slack in use force to tilt the child restraint from side retractor is in the automatic locking mode the belt. to side, and tug it forward to make sure that (child restraint mode). It reverts to emer- it is securely held in place. It should not move If necessary to ensure the child restraint is gency locking mode when the seat belt is more than 1 inch. secure, pull the shoulder belt through the fully retracted. seat belt tongue beyond the stitching in the 6. Check that the retractor is in the automatic belt. locking mode by trying to pull more seat belt After the seat belt is fully retracted and the child out of the retractor. If you cannot pull any restraint is removed from the seat, the stitching more belt webbing out of the retractor, the on the shoulder belt can be pulled back through retractor is in the automatic locking mode. the seat belt tongue. This stitching locates the seat belt tongue near the top of the seat back for easy access for passengers. Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems 1-45 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 7. Check to make sure the child restraint is properly secured prior to each use. If the seat belt is not locked, repeat steps 3 through 6.After the child restraint is removed and the seatbelt is fully retracted, the automatic locking mode(child restraint mode) is canceled.1-46 Seats, restraints and supplemental air bag systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 2 Instruments and controlsInstrument panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 Hazard warning flasher switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22Meters and gauges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23 Speedometer and odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 Vehicle dynamic control (VDC) off switch Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23 Engine coolant temperature gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 Power outlet (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24 Fuel gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6 Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25Compass and outside temperature display Storage compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25(if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6 Roof headliner net (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26 Outside temperature display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7 Map pocket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26 Compass display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7 Cup holders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27Warning/indicator lights and audible reminders . . . . . . . 2-9 Glove box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27 Checking bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9 Console box (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28 Warning lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10 Luggage hooks (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29 Indicator lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13 Tonneau cover (if so equipped). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30 Audible reminders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15 Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31Security systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15 Power windows (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31 Vehicle security system (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . 2-15 Manual windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33Windshield wiper and washer switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18 Sunroof (if so equipped). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33 Switch operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18 Manual sunroof. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33Rear window wiper and washer switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19 Removing/installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34Rear window defroster switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20 Interior light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35Headlight and turn signal switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20 Map lights (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35 Headlight control switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20 Illuminated entry system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36Fog light switch (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22 Battery saver (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • INSTRUMENT PANEL 1. Headlight/turn signal switch 2. Meters and gauges 3. Windshield wiper/washer switch 4. Power point 5. Heater and air conditioner 6. Front passenger supplemental air bag 7. Glove box 8. Audio system 9. Hazard warning flasher switch 10. Automatic/manual selector lever 11. Transfer case shift lever (if so equipped) 12. Parking brake release lever 13. Cruise control main/set switch (if so equipped) 14. Driver supplemental air bag 15. Steering wheel switch for audio con- trols (if so equipped) 16. Vehicle dynamics control (VDC) off switch (if so equipped) WIC03662-2 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • METERS AND GAUGES WIC03231. Speedometer2. Odometer3. Reset buttonSPEEDOMETER AND ODOMETERSpeedometerThe speedometer indicates vehicle speed inmiles per hour (MPH) and kilometers per hour(km/h).OdometerThe odometer records the total distance the ve-hicle has been driven. Instruments and controls 2-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • AIC1120The trip odometer records the distance of indi- ODO (odometer) → TRIP A → TRIP B → ODOvidual trips. Before each trip reset the trip odom- Push and hold the reset button for more than 1eter. second to reset either trip odometer.Push the reset button to change the display asfollows:2-4 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • CAUTION If the gauge indicates engine coolant tem- perature over the normal range, stop the vehicle as soon as safely possible. If the engine is overheated, continued opera- tion of the vehicle may seriously damage the engine. See the “In case of emer- gency” section for immediate action required. WIC0358 LIC0091TACHOMETER ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATUREThe tachometer indicates engine speed in revo- GAUGElutions per minute (r/min). The red zone ᭺ is 1 The gauge indicates the engine coolant tempera-shown in the illustration. ture. The engine coolant temperature is within the normal range when the gauge needle points be- CAUTION tween the C and the H on the gauge.When engine speed approaches the red The engine coolant temperature varies with thezone, shift to a higher gear. Operating theengine in the red zone may cause serious outside air temperature and driving conditions.engine damage. Instruments and controls 2-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • COMPASS AND OUTSIDE TEMPERATURE DISPLAY (if so equipped) The indicates that the fuel filler lid is lo- This unit has the following functions: cated on the passenger side of the vehicle. ● Measures terrestrial magnetism and indi- cates heading direction of vehicle CAUTION ● Indicates outside air temperature ● If the vehicle runs out of fuel, the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) may come on. Refuel as soon as possible. After a few driving trips, the lamp should turn off. If the lamp remains on after a few driving trips, have the vehicle inspected by a NISSAN dealer. LIC0092 ● For additional information, see “Mal-FUEL GAUGE function indicator lamp (MIL)” later in this section.The gauge indicates the approximate fuel levelin the tank.The gauge may move slightly during braking,turning, acceleration, or going up or down hills.The gauge needle returns to E (Empty) after theignition key is turned to OFF.The low fuel warning light comes on when theamount of fuel in the tank is getting low.Refill the fuel tank before the gauge regis-ters E (Empty).2-6 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • though it is operating. This is not a 1. Establish your location on the zone map. malfunction. Refer to the illustration. Record your zone number. ● The outside temperature sensor is lo- cated in front of the radiator. The sen- 2. Turn the ignition switch to the ON position. sor may be affected by road or engine 3. Push the MODE button in for 5 seconds until heat, wind direction and other driving the current zone entry number and the conditions. The display may differ from “VAR” icon is displayed. the actual outside temperature or the temperature displayed on various 4. Press the MODE button repeatedly until the signs or billboards. desired zone entry number is displayed. Once the desired zone number is displayed, stop ● Temperature display will not update pressing the MODE button and the display will unless the vehicle is moving faster show compass direction within a few seconds. than 12 mph (20 km/h), or the ignition WIC0324 switch has been OFF for 4 hours. NOTE:OUTSIDE TEMPERATURE DISPLAY COMPASS DISPLAY Use zone number 5 for Hawaii.Push the MODE button᭺ when the ignition key 1is in the ACC or ON position. The outside tem- Push the MODE button ᭺ when the ignition key 1perature will be displayed ᭺ in °F. 2 is in the ACC or ON position. The direction will be displayed ᭺.2 ● Push the MODE button to change from °F to °C. Zone variation change procedure ● When the outside temperature is be- The difference between magnetic north and geo- tween 130°F (55°C) and 158°F (70°C), graphical north is known as variance. In some the display shows 130°F (55°C) . areas, this difference can sometimes be great enough to cause false compass readings. Follow ● When the outside temperature is lower these instructions to set the variance for your than -40°F (-40°C) or higher than 158°F particular location if this happens: (70°C), the display shows only — — — Instruments and controls 2-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● If a magnet is located near the com- pass or the vehicle is driven where the terrestrial magnetism is disturbed, the compass display may not indicate the correct direction. ● In places where the terrestrial magne- tism is disturbed, the correction of the direction starts automatically. Correction functions of the compass display The compass display is equipped with automatic correction function. If the direction is not shown correctly, carry out the manual correction proce- dure set out below. Manual correction procedure 1. Push the MODE button for about 10 sec- onds. The “CAL” icon will illuminate. 2. Drive the vehicle slowly in an open and safe area. The initial correction is complete while turning in 1 or 2 turns. In places where the earth’s magnetism is dis- turbed, the initial correction procedure may start automatically. WIC03552-8 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WARNING/INDICATOR LIGHTS ANDAUDIBLE REMINDERS or Anti-lock brake warning light Low fuel warning light 4-wheel drive indicator light (if so equipped) Automatic transmission oil temperature warn- Low tire pressure warning light (if so equipped) High beam indicator light (Blue) ing light ( model) Automatic transmission park warning light Low washer fluid warning light Malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) ( model) or Brake warning light Seat belt warning light and chime Overdrive off indicator light (automatic trans- mission only) Charge warning light Supplemental air bag warning light Slip indicator light (if so equipped) Door open warning light CRUISE main switch indicator light (if so Turn signal/hazard indicator lights equipped) Engine oil pressure warning light Cruise SET switch indicator light (if so Vehicle dynamic control off indicator light (if so equipped) equipped)CHECKING BULBS If the driver’s seat belt is fastened before the If any light fails to come on, it may indicate ignition key is turned to the ON position, a burned-out bulb or an open circuit in theWith all doors closed, apply the parking brake the light will not come on. electrical system. Have the system repairedand turn the ignition key to the ON position promptly.without starting the engine. The following lights If equipped, the following lights come on brieflywill come on: and then go off: or , , , , , , or , , , Instruments and controls 2-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WARNING LIGHTS Automatic transmission park warning light ( model) CAUTION or Anti-lock brake If the ATP light is ON, this indicates that warning light This light indicates that the automatic transmis- the automatic transmission P (Park) posi- sion parking function is not engaged. If the trans- tion will not function and the transfer con-If the light comes on while the engine is running, fer control shift lever is not secured in any driveit may indicate the anti-lock brake system is not trol shift lever is in the N (Neutral) position while the automatic transmission selec- position.functioning properly. Have the system checked tor lever is in the P (Park) position, the vehicleby a NISSAN dealer. may move unexpectedly. or Brake warning lightIf an abnormality occurs in the system, the anti- Shift the transfer control shift lever into the 2H, This light functions for both the parking brake andlock function ceases, but the regular braking 4H, or 4L position when the warning light comes the foot brake systems.system continues to operate. on. When the ignition key is in the ON position, theIf the light comes on while you are driving, ● When parking, always make sure that the light comes on when the parking brake is applied,contact a NISSAN dealer for repair. transfer control shift lever is in 2H, 4H, or 4L and also warns of a low brake fluid level. If the Automatic transmission oil and the parking brake is set. light comes on while the engine is running with the parking brake not applied, stop the vehicle temperature warning light ● If the ATP light is ON, this indicates that the automatic transmission P (Park) position will and perform the following: ( model) not function and the transfer control shift 1. Check the brake fluid level. Add brake fluidThis light comes on when the automatic transmis- lever is in the N (Neutral) position. as necessary. See “Brake and clutch fluid” insion oil temperature is too high. If the light comes the “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” sec-on while driving, reduce the vehicle speed as ● Failure to engage the transfer shift control lever in 2H, 4H or 4L could result in the tion of this manual.soon as safely possible until the light turns off. vehicle moving unexpectedly, resulting in se- CAUTION rious personal injury or property damage.Continued vehicle operation when the A/Toil temperature warning light is on maydamage the automatic transmission.2-10 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 2. If the brake fluid level is correct, have the Low fuel warning light CAUTION brake system checked by a NISSAN dealer. This light comes on when the fuel level in the fuel Do not continue driving if the generator tank is getting low. Refuel as soon as it is conve- WARNING belt is loose, broken or missing. nient, preferably before the fuel gauge reaches E● Your brake system may not be working Door open warning light (Empty). There will be a small reserve of fuel properly if the warning light is on. Driv- in the tank when the fuel gauge needle ing could be dangerous. If you judge it This light comes on when any of the doors are not reaches E (Empty). to be safe, drive carefully to the nearest closed securely while the ignition key is in the ON service station for repairs. Otherwise, position. Low tire pressure warning light have your vehicle towed because driv- (if so equipped) ing it could be dangerous. Engine oil pressure warning This light warns of low tire pressure.● Pressing the brake pedal with the en- light gine stopped and/or a low brake fluid This light warns of low engine oil pressure. If the Flat tire warning level may increase your stopping dis- light flickers or comes on during normal driving, If the vehicle is being driven with very low tire tance and braking will require greater pull off the road in a safe area, stop the engine pressure (lower than 27 psi, 190 kPa), the light pedal effort as well as pedal travel. immediately and call a NISSAN dealer. will illuminate and the chime will sound for about● If the brake fluid level is below the The engine oil pressure warning light is not 10 seconds. MINIMUM or MIN mark on the brake designed to indicate a low oil level. Use the dipstick to check the oil level. See “Engine For additional information, see “Low tire pressure fluid reservoir, do not drive until the oil” in the “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” sec- warning system” in the “Starting and driving” brake system has been checked at a NISSAN dealer. tion of this manual. section and “Flat tire” in the “In case of emer- gency” section. Charge warning light CAUTION WARNINGIf this light comes on while the engine is running, Running the engine with the engine oilit may indicate the charging system is not func- pressure warning light on could cause se- ● If the light does not come on with thetioning properly. Turn the engine off and check rious damage to the engine almost imme- key switch turned ON, have the vehicle diately. Such damage is not covered by checked by a NISSAN dealer as soon asthe generator belt. If the belt is loose, broken, warranty. Turn off the engine as soon as it possible.missing, or if the light remains on, see a NISSANdealer immediately. is safe to do so. Instruments and controls 2-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● If the light comes on while driving, ● If the vehicle is being driven at speeds Supplemental air bag warning avoid sudden steering maneuvers or of less than 20 MPH (32 km/h), the low light abrupt braking, reduce vehicle speed, tire pressure warning system may not pull off the road to a safe location and operate correctly. When the ignition key is in the ON or START stop the vehicle as soon as possible. position, the supplemental air bag warning light ● Be sure to install the specified size of illuminates for about 7 seconds and then turns Serious vehicle damage could occur tires to the 4 wheels correctly. off. This means the system is operational. and may lead to an accident and result in serious personal injury. Check the Low washer fluid warning light If any of the following conditions occur, the tire pressure for all 4 wheels and adjust supplemental front air bag, supplemental curtain the pressure to the COLD tire pressure This light comes on when the washer fluid is at a side-impact and pre-tensioner seat belt systems shown on the tire placard. If the light low level. Add washer fluid as necessary. See the still comes on while driving after adjust- need servicing and your vehicle must be taken to “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section of this ing the tire pressure, a tire may be flat. If a NISSAN dealer: manual. you have a flat tire, replace it with a ● The supplemental air bag warning light re- spare tire as soon as possible. Seat belt warning light and mains on after approximately 7 seconds.● When a spare tire is mounted or a wheel chime ● The supplemental air bag warning light is replaced, tire pressure will not be The light and chime remind you to fasten your flashes intermittently. indicated and the low tire pressure seat belts. The light illuminates whenever the warning system will not function. Con- ignition key is turned to the ON or START position ● The supplemental air bag warning light does tact your NISSAN dealer as soon as not come on at all. and remains illuminated until the driver’s seat belt possible for tire replacement and/or is fastened. At the same time, the chime sounds Unless checked and repaired, the supplemental system resetting. for about 7 seconds unless the driver’s seat belt restraint system (air bag system) and/or the pre- is securely fastened. tensioner seat belts may not function properly. CAUTION Refer to “Seat belts” in the “Seats, restraints and For additional details see “Supplemental restraint● The low tire pressure warning system is system” in the “Seats, restraints and supplemen- supplemental air bag systems” section for pre- not a substitute for the regular tire pres- tal air bag systems” section of this manual. sure check. Be sure to check the tire cautions on seat belt usage. pressure regularly.2-12 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WARNING 4–wheel drive indicator light Malfunction indicator lampIf the supplemental air bag warning light (if so equipped) (MIL)is on, it could mean that the supplemental This light comes on when the transfer shift con- If this indicator lamp comes on steady or blinksfront air bag, supplemental curtain side- trol lever is in the 4H or 4L position. while the engine is running, it may indicate aimpact air bag systems (if so equipped) potential emission control malfunction.and/or pre-tensioner seat belt systems WARNING The malfunction indicator lamp may also come onwill not operate in an accident. steady if the fuel filler cap is loose or missing, or if ● When parking always make sure the the vehicle runs out of fuel. Check to make sureINDICATOR LIGHTS transfer control lever is in the 2H, 4H or the fuel filler cap is installed and closed tightly, 4L position and the parking brake is Cruise main switch indicator applied. and that the vehicle has at least 3 gallons of fuel in the fuel tank. light (if so equipped) ● Failure to engage the transfer control lever in 2H, 4H or 4L could result in the After a few driving trips, the lamp shouldThe light comes on when the cruise control main turn off if no other potential emission controlswitch is pushed. The light goes out when the vehicle moving unexpectedly, which could cause serious personal injury or system malfunction exists.main switch is pushed again. When the cruise property damage. Operationmain switch indicator light comes on, the cruisecontrol system is operational. High beam indicator light The malfunction indicator lamp will come on in (Blue) one of two ways: Cruise set switch indicator light (if so equipped) ● Malfunction indicator lamp on steady — An This blue light comes on when the headlight high emission control system malfunction hasThe light comes on while the vehicle speed is beams are on and goes out when the low beams been detected. Check the fuel filler cap. Ifcontrolled by the cruise control system. If the light are selected. the fuel filler cap is loose or missing, tightenblinks while the engine is running, it may indicate The high beam indicator light also comes on or install the cap and continue to drive thethe cruise control system is not functioning prop- when the passing signal is activated. vehicle. The lamp should turn off aftererly. Have the system checked by a NISSAN a few driving trips. If the lamp doesdealer. not turn off after a few driving trips, have the vehicle inspected by a NISSAN dealer. You do not need to have your vehicle towed to the dealer. Instruments and controls 2-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Malfunction indicator lamp blinking — An Overdrive off indicator light Both lights flash when the hazard switch is turned engine misfire has been detected which may (automatic transmission mod- on. damage the emission control system. To re- els only) Vehicle dynamic control off duce or avoid emission control system dam- age: This light comes on when the overdrive function indicator light (if so equipped) is OFF. – do not drive at speeds above 45 MPH This indicator light comes on when the vehicle (72 km/h). The automatic transmission overdrive function is dynamic control off switch is pushed to OFF. This controlled by the overdrive switch. indicates the vehicle dynamic control system is – avoid hard acceleration or deceleration. not operating. Slip indicator light (if so – avoid steep uphill grades. equipped) Push the vehicle dynamic control off switch again or restart the engine and the system will operate – if possible, reduce the amount of cargo This indicator light will blink when the traction con- normally. See “Vehicle dynamic control (VDC) being hauled or towed. trol system is limiting wheel spin. Slippery road system” in the “Starting and driving” section ofThe malfunction indicator lamp may stop blinking conditions may exist if the slip indicator blinks on. If this manual.and come on steady. Have the vehicle inspected by this happens, adjust your driving accordingly.a NISSAN dealer. You do not need to have your The vehicle dynamic control light also comes onvehicle towed to the dealer. The slip indicator light also comes on when you when you turn the ignition key to the ON position. turn the ignition key to the ON position. The light The light will turn off after about 2 seconds if the CAUTION will turn off after about 2 seconds if the system is system is operational. If the light stays on or operational. If the light does not come on or go comes on along with the SLIP indicator lightContinued vehicle operation without hav- off, have the traction control system checked by a while you are driving, have the vehicle dynamicing the emission control system checked NISSAN dealer. control system checked by a NISSAN dealer.and repaired as necessary could lead topoor driveability, reduced fuel economy, The system operates in all transmission shift lever While the vehicle dynamic control system is op-and possible damage to the emission con- positions, but the system can upshift the transmis- erating, you might feel slight vibration or hear thetrol system. sion only as high as the indicated shift lever position. system working when starting the vehicle or ac- celerating, but this is normal. Turn signal/hazard indicator lights The appropriate light flashes when the turn signal switch is activated.2-14 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • SECURITY SYSTEMSAUDIBLE REMINDERSBrake pad wear warningThe disc brake pads have audible wear warnings.When a brake pad requires replacement, itmakes a high pitched scraping sound when thevehicle is in motion, whether or not the brakepedal is depressed. Have the brakes checked assoon as possible if the warning sound is heard.Key reminder chimeA chime sounds if the driver’s door is openedwhile the key is left in the ignition switch. Removethe key and take it with you when leaving thevehicle. LIC0372 LIC0093Light reminder chime VEHICLE SECURITY SYSTEM (if so Security indicator light equipped) The security indicator light shows the status ofWith the ignition switch in the OFF position, achime sounds when the driver’s door is opened if The vehicle security system provides visual and the vehicle security system.the headlights or parking lights are on. audio alarm signals if parts of the vehicle are The light operates whenever the ignition switch is disturbed. in the LOCK, OFF, or ACC position.Turn the headlight control switch off before leav-ing the vehicle. The vehicle security system has four phases. For each phase the operation of the security indicator light is different. Instruments and controls 2-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • How to arm the vehicle security sys- once every 3 seconds. The system is now tem armed. If, during this 30-second time period, a door is unlocked by the key or the keyfob, 1. Close all windows. (The system can be or the ignition key is turned to ACC or ON, armed even if the windows are open.) the system will not arm. 2. Remove the key from the ignition switch. ● If the key is turned slowly when locking 3. Close the hood and all doors. Lock all doors. the door, the system may not arm. Fur- The doors can be locked with the key, power thermore, if the key is turned exces- door lock switch or with the keyfob. sively to the unlock position, the sys- tem may be disarmed when the key is Keyfob operation: removed. If the indicator light fails to ● Push the button on the keyfob. glow for 30 seconds, unlock the door All doors lock. The hazard lights flash once and lock it again. twice and the horn beeps once to indicate ● Even when the driver and/or passen- all doors are locked. gers are in the vehicle, the system will ● When the button is pushed with arm with all doors and the hood closed all doors locked, the hazard lights flash and locked and the ignition key in the twice and the horn beeps once as a re- OFF position. Turn the ignition key to minder that the doors are already locked. the ACC or ON to turn the security system off. The horn may or may not beep once. Refer to “Silencing the horn beep feature” The vehicle security system is NOT armed if 1 of later in this section. the following occurs: ● If a door is open and you push the ● A door is unlocked or the ignition key is button the doors lock but the horn does not turned to the ACC or ON position during the chirp and the hazard lights do not flash. 30 seconds in which the SECURITY light stays on. ● Confirm that the SECURITY indicator light comes on. The SECURITY light stays on for ● The SECURITY light blinks at a steady 1/2 LIC0053 about 30 seconds and then begins to flash second on - 1/2 second off rate (a door or2-16 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • the hood is open and the key is not in the How to stop an activated alarm ACC or ON position). When the ignition key is turned to the ACC or ON position, the The alarm stops only by unlocking a door with the SECURITY light turns off. key or by pressing the button on the key- fob.Vehicle security system activation The alarm does not stop if the ignitionThe vehicle security system will give the following switch is turned to ACC or ON.alarm: ● The headlights blink and the horn sounds intermittently. In addition, the starter motor does not operate. ● The alarm automatically turns off after about 50 seconds. However, the alarm reactivates if the vehicle is tampered with again. The WIC0325 alarm can be shut off by unlocking a door Silencing the horn beep feature with the key, or by pressing the button on the keyfob. If desired, the horn beep feature can be deacti- vated using the keyfob.The alarm is activated by: ● opening a door without using the key or To deactivate: Press and hold both the keyfob (even if the door is unlocked by re- and buttons at the same time for at least leasing the inside lock knob). 2 seconds. ● opening the hood. The hazard lights will quickly flash 3 times to confirm that the horn beep feature has been deactivated. To activate: Press and hold both the and buttons at the same time for at least 2 seconds once more. Instruments and controls 2-17 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WINDSHIELD WIPER AND WASHER SWITCHThe hazard lights will quickly flash once and the ● Intermittent (if so equipped) — intermittenthorn will sound once to confirm that the horn wiper operation.beep feature has been reactivated. ● Low speed — continuous low speed opera-Deactivating the horn feature does not silence tion.the horn if the alarm is triggered. ● High speed — continuous high speed op-If the system does not operate as described eration.above, have it checked by a NISSAN dealer. ● Wash — pull the lever toward you to operate the washer function. Operating the washer automatically cycles the wipers several times. ● Intermittent control (if so equipped) — inter- mittent wiper operation can be adjusted from 1-19 seconds by turning the time con- WIC0240 trol knob. 1. Intermittent (if so equipped) 2. Low speed ● Mist — push the lever up to activate the mist feature. 3. High speed 4. Wash WARNING 5. Intermittent control (if so equipped) 6. Mist In freezing temperatures the washer solu- tion may freeze on the windshield and SWITCH OPERATION obscure your vision which may lead to an accident. Warm the windshield with the The ignition switch must be in the ON position for defroster before you wash the windshield. the wipers or washer to be activated. Push the lever down to operate the windshield CAUTION wipers. Pull the lever toward you to operate the ● Do not operate the washer continu- washer. ously for more than 30 seconds.2-18 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • REAR WINDOW WIPER AND WASHER SWITCH● Do not operate the washer if the reser- WARNING voir tank is empty. In freezing temperatures the washer solu-● Do not fill the window washer reservoir tion may freeze on the window and ob- tank with washer fluid concentrates at scure your vision. Warm the rear window full strength. Some methyl alcohol with the defroster before you wash the based washer fluid concentrates may rear window. permanently stain the grille if spilled while filling the window washer reser- voir tank.● Pre-mix washer fluid concentrates with water to the manufacturer’s recom- mended levels before pouring the fluid into the window washer reservoir tank. Do not use the window washer reservoir WIC0326 tank to mix the washer fluid concen- To operate the wiper, push the switch to trate and water. the side. To operate the washer, push and hold the switch down to the side. The wiper will cycle twice. CAUTION ● Do not operate the washer continu- ously for more than 30 seconds. ● Do not operate the washer if the reser- voir tank is empty. Instruments and controls 2-19 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER HEADLIGHT AND TURN SIGNALSWITCH SWITCH WIC0327 WIC0242 WIC0243 Type A Type BTo defrost the rear window glass, start the engineand push the rear window defroster switch on. HEADLIGHT CONTROL SWITCHThe rear window defroster indicator light on the Lightingswitch comes on. Push the switch again to turnthe defroster off. ᭺ 1 When turning the switch to the posi- tion, the front parking, tail, license plate andThe rear window defroster automatically turns off instrument panel lights come on.after approximately 15 minutes. ᭺ 2 When turning the switch to the posi- CAUTION tion, the headlights come on and all the other lights remain on.When cleaning the inner side of the rearwindow, be careful not to scratch or dam-age the rear window defroster.2-20 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WIC0244 WIC0245 WIC0328Headlight beam select Turn signal switch Instrument brightness control᭺1 To select the high beam function, push the Turn signal The instrument brightness control operates when lever forward. The high beam lights come on the headlight switch is in the or and the light illuminates. ᭺ 1 Move the lever up or down to signal the position. turning direction. When the turn is com-᭺2 Pull the lever back to select the low beam. pleted, the turn signals cancel automatically. Turn the control to adjust the brightness of instru- ment panel lights.᭺3 Pulling and releasing the lever flashes the Lane change signal headlight high beams on and off. Daytime running light system (Canada ᭺ 2 To signal a lane change, move the lever up or down to the point where the indicator light only) begins to flash, but the lever does not latch. The headlights automatically illuminate at a re- duced intensity when the engine is started with the parking brake released. The daytime running lights operate with the headlight switch in the OFF position or in the position. Turn the Instruments and controls 2-21 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • FOG LIGHT SWITCH (if so equipped) HAZARD WARNING FLASHER SWITCHheadlight switch to the position for fullillumination when driving at night.If the parking brake is applied before the engine isstarted, the daytime running lights do not illumi-nate. The daytime running lights illuminate whenthe parking brake is released. The daytime run-ning lights will remain on until the ignition switchis turned off. WARNINGWhen the daytime running light system isactive, tail lights on your vehicle are noton. It is necessary at dusk to turn on yourheadlights. Failure to do so could cause WIC0247 WIC0329an accident injuring yourself and others. To turn the front fog lights on, rotate the switch to Push the switch on to warn other drivers when the position. you must stop or park under emergency condi- To turn them off, rotate the switch to the OFF tions. All turn signal lights flash. position. WARNING The headlight switch must be in the posi- tion (low beam headlights on) for the fog lights to ● When stalled or stopped on the road- operate. The fog lights automatically turn off way under emergency conditions, move whenever the highbeam headlight function is se- the vehicle well off the road. lected. ● Do not use the hazard warning flashers while moving on the highway unless unusual circumstances force you to drive so slowly that your vehicle might become a hazard to other traffic.2-22 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • HORN VEHICLE DYNAMIC CONTROL (VDC) OFF SWITCH (if so equipped)● Turn signals do not work when the haz- ard warning flasher lights are on.The flashers will operate with the ignition switchin any position.Some state laws may prohibit the use ofthe hazard warning flasher switch whiledriving. WIC0249 LIC0364 The vehicle should be driven with the Vehicle To sound the horn, push the center pad area of Dynamic Control System (VDC) on for most driv- the steering wheel. ing conditions. When the vehicle is stuck in mud or snow, the WARNING VDC system reduces the engine output to re- Do not disassemble the horn. Doing so duce wheel spin. The engine speed will be re- could affect proper operation of the duced even if the accelerator is depressed to the supplemental front air bag system. Tam- floor. If maximum engine power is needed to free pering with the supplemental front air bag a stuck vehicle, turn the VDC system off. system may result in serious personal To turn off the VDC system, push the VDC OFF injury. switch. The indicator will come on. Push the VDC OFF switch again or restart the engine and the system will operate normally. See “Vehicle dynamic control system (VDC)” in the “Starting and driving” section. Instruments and controls 2-23 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • POWER OUTLET (if so equipped) WIC0330 WIC0331 WIC0332 Front Console RearThe power outlets are for powering electricalaccessories such as cellular telephones. They ● Use this power outlet with the engine ● Push the plug in as far as it will go. Ifare rated at 12 Volts 120 Watts maximum. running. (If the engine is stopped, this good contact is not made, the plug may could result in a discharged battery.) overheat or the internal temperature fuse may blow. CAUTION ● Avoid using when the air conditioner, headlights or rear window defroster is ● When not in use, be sure to close the● Take care as the outlet and plug may be on. cap. Do not allow water to contact the hot during or immediately after use. outlet. ● Before inserting or disconnecting a● This power outlet is not designed for plug, be sure the electrical accessory use with a cigarette lighter unit. being used is turned OFF.● Do not use with accessories that ex- ceed a 12 volt, 120W (10A) power draw. Do not use double adapters or more than one electrical accessory.2-24 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • STORAGE WIC0429 LIC0430 WIC0334Rear cargo without subwoofer Rear cargo with subwoofer STORAGE COMPARTMENT A storage compartment is located in the center bottom of the instrument panel. Instruments and controls 2-25 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Do not place sharp objects in the roof headliner net. Such objects may be- come dangerous projectiles and cause injury when the vehicle is moving or if the vehicle is involved in a collision. LIC0371 WIC0335ROOF HEADLINER NET (if so MAP POCKETequipped) Map pockets are located on the side and back ofThe roof headliner net can be used to store paper the passenger seat. The map pocket can be usedor small, lightweight objects that do not have to store maps.sharp edges. WARNING● The cargo restrained by the roof head- liner net must not exceed 8 oz (230 g) or the net may not stay secured.2-26 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WIC0336 WIC0337 WIC0374 Front Rear GLOVE BOXCUP HOLDERS ● Use only soft cups in the cup holder. Open the glove box by pulling the handle. When Hard objects can injure you in an locking ᭺ or unlocking ᭺ the glove box, use the 1 2 WARNING accident. master key.The cup holder should not be used while The front cup holders have a rubber insert thatdriving so full attention may be given to can be removed for cleaning and for using larger WARNINGvehicle operation. cups. Keep glove box lid closed while driving to To open the rear cup holder, pull out fully. To help prevent injury in an accident or a CAUTION sudden stop. close, push the cup holder in fully.● Avoid abrupt starting and braking when the cup holder is being used to prevent spilling the drink. If the liquid is hot, it can scald you or your passenger. Instruments and controls 2-27 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • CONSOLE BOX (if so equipped) 3. Remove the access hole cover. 4. Install the rubber mat. WARNING 5. Route the phone cord through the accessThe center console box should not be hole and plug into the power socket.used while driving so full attention may begiven to vehicle operation. CAUTION● This power outlet is not designed for use with a cigarette lighter unit.● Do not use accessories that exceed 12 volt, 120W (10A) power draw. Do not use double adapters or more than one elec- WIC0339 trical accessory. Upper half Pull up on the lever to open the upper half of the console box. The rubber mat may be removed for cleaning. The upper half of the console box may be used for storage of cellular phones. An access hole is provided at the bottom of the upper half of the console box for phone cord routing to the power socket. To route a phone cord to the power socket: 1. Open the upper half of the console box. 2. Remove the rubber mat, and then remove the cutout area from the mat.2-28 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WARNING ● Properly secure all cargo with ropes or straps to help prevent it from sliding or shifting. Do not place cargo higher than the seatbacks. In a sudden stop or col- lision, unsecured cargo could cause personal injury. ● Use suitable ropes and hooks to secure cargo. ● Never allow anyone to ride in the lug- gage area. It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area inside of a vehicle. WIC0340 In a collision, people riding in these WIC0341 areas are more likely to be seriouslyLower half injured or killed. 1. Plastic hook 2. Metal hookPull up on the lever to open the lower half of the ● Do not allow people to ride in any areaconsole box. A power socket is located inside the of your vehicle that is not equipped with Do not apply a total load of more than 33console box and there is storage for compact seats and seat belts. lbs (15 kg) to a single plastic hook whendiscs. securing cargo. ● Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in aLUGGAGE HOOKS (if so equipped) seat and using a seat belt properly. Do not apply a total load of more than 110 lbs (50 kg) to a single metal hook whenThe tie down hooks can be used to secure cargo securing cargo.with ropes or other types of straps. Instruments and controls 2-29 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Properly secure all cargo with ropes or straps to help prevent it from sliding or shifting. Do not place cargo higher than the seatbacks. In a sudden stop or col- lision, unsecured cargo could cause personal injury. ● The child restraint top tether strap may be damaged by contact with the ton- neau cover or items in the cargo area. Remove the tonneau cover from the ve- hicle or secure it and any cargo. Your child could be seriously injured or killed in a collision if the top tether strap is WIC0342 WIC0375 damaged. TONNEAU COVER (if so equipped) The tonneau cover keeps the luggage compart- ment contents hidden from the outside. WARNING ● Never put anything on the tonneau cover, no matter how small. Any object on it could cause an injury in an acci- dent or sudden stop. ● Do not leave the tonneau cover in the vehicle with it disengaged from the holder.2-30 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WINDOWSPOWER WINDOWS (if so equipped) is opened during this period of about 45 sec- onds, power to the windows is canceled. To open WARNING a window, push the switch and hold it down. To close a window, pull the switch up. To stop the● Make sure that all passengers have opening or closing function at any time, simply their hands, etc. inside the vehicle while release the switch. it is in motion and before closing the windows. Use the window lock switch to prevent unexpected use of the power windows.● Do not leave children unattended inside the vehicle. They could unknowingly ac- tivate switches or controls and become trapped in a window. Unattended chil- dren could become involved in serious WIC0376 accidents. 1. Door lock/unlock button 2. Window lock button 3. Front passenger side 4. Right rear passenger side 5. Left rear passenger side 6. Driver side automatic switch Driver’s side power window switch The driver’s side control panel is equipped with switches to open or close all of the windows. The power windows operate when the ignition switch is in the ON position, or for about 45 seconds after the ignition switch is turned to the OFF position. If the driver’s or passenger’s door Instruments and controls 2-31 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WIC0343 WIC0344 WIC0345Front passenger power window switch Rear power window switch Automatic operationThe passenger window switch operates only the The rear power window switches open or close To fully open the driver window, press the drivercorresponding passenger window. To open the only the corresponding window. To open the window switch down to the second detent andwindow push the switch and hold it down ᭺. To 1 window, push the switch and hold it down ᭺. To 1 release it; it need not be held. The window auto-close the window, pull the switch up ᭺. 2 close the window, push the switch up ᭺.2 matically opens all the way. To stop the window, lift the switch up while the window is opening. Locking passengers’ windows When the window lock button is depressed, only the driver side window can be opened or closed. Push it again to cancel the window lock function.2-32 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • SUNROOF (if so equipped) ● Do not allow anyone to stand up or extend any portion of their body out of the sunroof opening while the vehicle is in motion or while the sunroof is closing. CAUTION ● Do not open sunroof when gear basket is in place. ● Always remove the gear basket before opening sunroof. The sunroof may be scratched if it is opened with the gear basket in place. WIC0263 WIC0346 For instructions to remove the gearMANUAL WINDOWS MANUAL SUNROOF basket, refer to “Roof rack with gearThe side windows can be opened or closed by Tilting the sunroof basket” in the “Pre-driving checks andturning the hand crank on each door. adjustments” section of this manual. Pull the handle down ᭺, then push the handle up 1 ● Remove water drops, snow, ice or sand to the fully tilted position ᭺. The sunroof can- 2 from the sunroof before opening. not be removed. ● Do not place heavy objects on the sun- WARNING roof or surrounding area. ● In an accident you could be thrown from the vehicle through an open sunroof. Always use seat belts and child restraints. Instruments and controls 2-33 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Installing the sun shade 1. Insert the 2 hooks on the front edge of sun shade into holders on the sunroof. 2. Align the 2 lock bolts on the rear edge of sun shade with the lock nuts. Turn each lock bolt clockwise to securely lock the sun shade in place. WIC0347 WIC0348Pull the handle forward to unlock ᭺, then push 1 REMOVING/INSTALLINGthe handle up completely to lock the sunroofclosed ᭺.2 WARNING Do not remove or install the sun shade while driving so full attention may be given to vehicle operation. Removing the sun shade 1. Turn each lock bolt counterclockwise while supporting the sun shade. 2. Slide the shade backward to remove it.2-34 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • INTERIOR LIGHT MAP LIGHTS (if so equipped) For information regarding the interior light bulb replacement, refer to “Bulb replacement” in the “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section of this manual. CAUTION Leaving the dome light switch in the ON position for extended periods of time will result in a discharged battery. WIC0264 WIC0349 Type AThe interior light has a three-position switch and To turn the map lights on, press the switches. Tooperates regardless of ignition switch position. turn them off, press the switches again. ● When the switch is in the ON position ᭺, 1 CAUTION the interior light illuminates, regardless of door position. Do not use for extended periods of time with the engine stopped. This could result ● When the switch is in the center O or DOOR in a discharged battery. position, the interior light illuminates by opening a door. ● When the switch is in the OFF position ᭺, 2 the interior light does not illuminate, regard- less of door position. Instruments and controls 2-35 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ILLUMINATED ENTRY SYSTEM The interior lights illuminate when a front, rear or the back door is opened. Once the doors are closed, these lights turn off in 30 seconds or turn off immediately when the key is turned to the ON position. BATTERY SAVER (if so equipped) If the vehicle doors are not fully closed and the interior lights remain illuminated, they eventually turn off automatically to prevent the battery from becoming discharged. Interior lights that illumi- nate when doors are opened turn off after ap- proximately 30 minutes. WIC0350 Type B2-36 Instruments and controls ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 3 Pre-driving checks and adjustmentsKeys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2 Tubular step rail (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2 Fuel filler lid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13 Locking with key. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2 Fuel filler cap. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13 Locking with inside lock knob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 Steering wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15 Locking with power door lock switch Tilt operation (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 Sun visors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15 Child safety rear door lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4 Vanity mirror (if so equipped). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15Remote keyless entry system (if so equipped). . . . . . . . . 3-4 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16 How to use remote keyless entry system . . . . . . . . . . 3-5 Inside mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16 Battery replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7 Outside mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16Hood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8 Outside mirror remote controlRear door. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17Tubular roof rack with gear basket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/18/03—cathy ੭
  • KEYS DOORS WARNING ● Always have the doors locked while driving. Along with the use of seat belts, this provides greater safety in the event of an accident by helping to prevent persons from being thrown from the vehicle. This also helps keep children and others from unintentionally open- ing the doors, and will help keep out intruders. ● Before opening any door, always look for and avoid oncoming traffic. WPD0152 ● Do not leave children unattended inside WPD0153 the vehicle. They could unknowingly ac- Driver’s side1. Key tivate switches or controls. Unattended2. Key plate children could become involved in seri- LOCKING WITH KEY ous accidents.A key number plate is supplied with your keys. ManualRecord the key number and keep it in a safe place(such as your wallet), not in the vehicle. If you lose To lock either the driver or passenger side door,your keys, see a NISSAN dealer for duplicates by turn the key toward the front of the vehicle ᭺ . To 1using the key number. NISSAN does not record unlock, turn it toward the rear ᭺.2key numbers so it is very important to keep trackof your key number plate.A key number is only necessary when you havelost all keys and do not have 1 to duplicate from.If you still have a key, this key can be duplicatedby a NISSAN dealer or locksmith.3-2 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • WPD0154 WPD0155 WPD0156 Driver’s side Driver’s sidePower (if so equipped) Inside lock LOCKING WITH POWER DOORTurning the key toward the front ᭺ of the vehicle 1 LOCKING WITH INSIDE LOCK LOCK SWITCH (if so equipped)locks all doors. KNOB To lock all the doors without a key, push the doorTurning the key 1 time toward the rear ᭺ of the 2 To lock the door without the key, move the inside lock switch (driver or front passenger side), to thevehicle unlocks that door. From that position, lock knob to the lock position ᭺, then close the 1 lock position ᭺, then close the door. When 1returning the key to neutral ᭺ (where the key can 3 door. locking the door this way, be certain not to leaveonly be removed and inserted) and turning it the key inside the vehicle. To unlock the door without the key, move thetoward the rear again ᭺ within 5 seconds un- 4 inside lock knob to the unlock position ᭺. 2 To unlock all the doors without a key, push thelocks all doors. door lock switch (driver or front passenger side) to the unlock position ᭺. 2 Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • REMOTE KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM (if so equipped)When the power door lock switch (driver or pas- It is possible to lock/unlock all doors, turn thesenger side) is moved to the lock position with interior light on, and activate the panic alarm bythe key in the ignition and any door open, all doors using the keyfob from outside the vehicle.will lock and then unlock automatically. Be sure to remove the key from the vehicle before locking the doors. The keyfob can operate at a distance of approxi- mately 33 ft (10 m) from the vehicle. The effective distance depends on the conditions around the vehicle. As many as 4 keyfobs can be used with one vehicle. For information concerning the purchase and use of additional keyfobs, contact a NISSAN dealer. APD1078 CHILD SAFETY REAR DOOR LOCK CAUTION Child safety locks help prevent the rear doors Listed below are conditions or occur- from being opened accidentally, especially when rences which will damage the keyfob: small children are in the vehicle. ● Do not allow the keyfob to become wet. The child safety lock levers are located on the ● Do not drop the keyfob. edge of the rear doors. ● Do not strike the keyfob sharply against When the lever is in the lock position, the another object. door can be opened only from the outside. ● Do not place the keyfob for an extended period in an area where temperatures exceed 140°F (60°C).3-4 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • ● When the button is pushed with all doors locked, the hazard lights flash twice and the horn beeps once as a re- minder that the doors are already locked. The horn may or may not beep once. Refer to “Silencing the horn beep feature” later in this section for details. ● If a door is open and you push the button, the doors will lock but the horn will not beep and the hazard lights will not flash. WPD0157 WPD0158HOW TO USE REMOTE KEYLESS Unlocking doorsENTRY SYSTEM Push the button on the keyfob once.Locking doors ● Only the driver’s door unlocks. 1. Close all windows. ● The interior lights illuminate for 30 seconds 2. Remove the key from the ignition switch. when the interior light switch is in O or DOOR position. 3. Close the hood and all doors Push the button on the keyfob again with 5 4. Push the button on the keyfob. All seconds. the doors lock. The hazard lights flash twice and the horn beeps once to indicate all ● All doors unlock. doors are locked. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • The interior lights can be turned off without wait-ing 30 seconds by inserting the key into theignition and turning to the ON or START position,locking the doors with the keyfob or pushing theinterior light switch to the OFF position.Auto relockWhen the button on the keyfob is pushed,all doors will lock automatically within 5 minutesunless one of the following operations is per-formed: ● Any door is opened. ● A key is inserted into the ignition switch and the key is turned from OFF to ON. WPD0159 WIC0325 Using the panic alarm Silencing the horn beep feature If you are near your vehicle and feel threatened, If desired, the horn beep feature can be deacti- you may activate the panic alarm to call attention vated using the keyfob. by pushing and holding the button on the keyfob for longer than 0.5 second. To deactivate: Press and hold the and buttons for at least 2 seconds. The panic alarm and headlights will stay on for 30 seconds. The hazard lights will flash three times to confirm that the horn beep feature has been deactivated. The panic alarm stops when: To activate: Press and hold the ● it has run for 30 seconds, or and buttons for at least 2 seconds ● the or button is pushed on once more. the keyfob. The hazard lights will flash once and the horn will sound once to confirm that the horn beep feature has been reactivated.3-6 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • Deactivating the horn beep feature does not si-lence the horn if the alarm is triggered. WPD0160 BATTERY REPLACEMENT ᭺ 3 Install a new battery with the “+” facing down. Replace the battery in the keyfob as follows: Recommended battery: Toshiba CR2025 or ᭺ 1 Open the lid using a coin. equivalent. ᭺ 2 Remove the battery. ᭺ 4 Close the lid securely. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • HOOD 5. Press the button, then the button two or three times to check the key- fob operation.If the battery is removed for any reasonother than replacement, perform step 5. ● An improperly disposed battery can hurt the environment. Always confirm local regulations for battery disposal. ● The keyfob is water-resistant; how- ever, if it does get wet, immediately wipe completely dry. ● The operational range of the keyfob extends to approximately 33 ft (10 m) WPD0179 from the vehicle. This range may vary with conditions. 3. Remove the support rod from the clamp. WARNINGFCC Notice: ● Make sure the hood is completely 4. Insert the support rod ᭺ into the slot in the CChanges or modifications not expressly ap- closed and latched before driving. Fail- front edge of the hood.proved by the manufacturer for compliance ure to do so could cause the hood to fly 5. When closing the hood, return the supportcould void the user’s authority to operate open and result in an accident. rod to its original position, lower the hood tothe equipment. approximately 12 inches above the latch and ● If you see steam or smoke coming fromThis device complies with Part 15 of the FCC the engine compartment, to avoid injury release it. This allows proper engagement ofRules and RSS-210 of Industry Canada. do not open the hood. the hood latch.Operation is subject to the following two 1. Pull the hood lock release handle ᭺ located Aconditions: (1) This device may not cause below the driver side instrument panel; theharmful interference, and (2) this device hood springs up slightly.must accept any interference received, in-cluding interference that may cause undes- 2. Lift the lever ᭺ at the front of the hood with Bired operation of the device. your fingertips and raise the hood.3-8 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • REAR DOOR WPD0161To unlock the back door, turn the key clockwise ● Do not drive with the back door open. This could allow dangerous exhaust᭺. To open the back door, lift up on the door 1 gases to be drawn into the vehicle. Seehandle ᭺ and lift the door up. To close, lower 2 “Exhaust gas” in the “Starting and driv-and push the door down securely. To lock the ing” section of this manual.back door, turn the key counterclockwise ᭺. 3 WARNING● Always be sure the back door has been closed securely to prevent it from open- ing while driving. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • TUBULAR ROOF RACK WITH GEARBASKET and GAWR, refer to the “Technical and con- sumer information” section of this manual. WARNING Properly secure all cargo with ropes or straps to help prevent it from sliding or shifting. In a sudden stop or collision, un- secured cargo could cause personal injury. CAUTION Use care when placing or removing items from the tubular roof rack or gear basket. If you cannot comfortably lift the items onto the tubular roof rack or gear basket from the ground, use a ladder or stool. WPD01621. Adjustable cross-bar basket. Be careful that your vehicle does not2. Tubular roof rack exceed the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating3. Removable gear basket (GVWR) or the Gross Axle Weight Ratings (GAWR front and rear). The GVWR and GAWRAlways evenly distribute the cargo on the tubular are located on the Safety Compliance Certifica-roof rack. The maximum total load is 125 lb tion Label (located on the driver’s side door jamb(57 kg) evenly distributed, including gear pillar). For more information regarding GVWR3-10 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • WPD01631. Tubular roof rack torxdriver2. Wheel nut wrench3. Jack rodGetting the tubular roof rack torxdriver 1. Open the back door. 2. Roll back the cargo area carpet. AIC1146 3. Remove the roof rack torxdriver. Tubular roof rack crossbar adjustment To adjust: The front and rear crossbars can be adjusted a. Loosen the adjusting screws with the forward, backward, or be removed. Use the torxdriver by turning counterclockwise. torxdriver located in the tool kit to loosen both crossbar adjusting screws. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • b. When the clamp is loosened, move the cross- To remove the gear basket: bars so the cargo can be positioned between a. Unscrew the 4 hold down bolts by turning the crossbars. them counterclockwise.c. Tighten the crossbar adjusting screws with b. Lift up the rear of the basket. the torxdriver by turning clockwise. c. Lift out the gear basket by moving it towardd. Secure the cargo with rope. the rear of the vehicle.e. Always check the tightness of the crossbar adjusting screws.To remove:a. Loosen the adjusting screws with the torxdriver by turning counterclockwise.b. Rotate the clamps.c. Remove the crossbars.d. Reverse to install.e. Always check the tightness of the crossbar adjusting screws.If you hear wind noise coming from the roof rackwhile driving, adjust the roof rack crossbars to themost rearward position. APD1092 The roof rack is equipped with a removable gear basket. The maximum gear basket load is 30 lb (13.6 kg) evenly distributed.3-12 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • TUBULAR STEP RAIL (if so equipped) FUEL FILLER LID WPD0165 FUEL FILLER CAP The fuel filler cap is a ratcheting type. Turn the cap counterclockwise to remove. To tighten, turn the cap clockwise until ratcheting clicks are heard. WARNING WPD0164 ● Gasoline is extremely flammable and1. Tubular step rail highly explosive under certain condi-2. Front passenger step tions. You could be burned or seriously3. Rear passenger step injured if it is misused or mishandled.The tubular step rail has a front and rear step for Always stop the engine and do notassisting passengers getting into and out of the smoke or allow open flames or sparksvehicle. near the vehicle when refueling. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • ● Fuel may be under pressure. Turn the – Always place the container on the ● Tighten until the fuel filler cap clicks. cap a third turn, and wait for any “hiss- ground when filling. Failure to tighten the fuel filler cap ing” sound to stop to prevent fuel from properly may cause the mal- – Do not use electronic devices when spraying out and possibly causing per- filling. function indicator lamp (MIL) to illumi- sonal injury. Then remove the cap. – Keep the pump nozzle in contact nate. If the lamp illuminates be-● Do not attempt to top off the fuel tank with the container while you are fill- cause the fuel filler cap is loose or after the fuel pump nozzle shuts off ing it. missing, tighten or install the cap and automatically. Continued refueling may cause fuel overflow, resulting in fuel – Use only approved portable fuel con- continue to drive the vehicle. spray and possibly a fire. tainers for flammable liquid. The lamp should turn off after a● Use only an original equipment type few driving trips. If the lamp fuel filler cap as a replacement. It has a CAUTION built-in safety valve needed for proper does not turn off after a few driving ● If fuel is spilled on the vehicle body, trips, have the vehicle inspected by a operation of the fuel system and emis- flush it away with water to avoid paint sion control system. An incorrect cap NISSAN dealer. damage. can result in a serious malfunction and ● For additional information, see the possible injury. It could also cause the “Malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)” in malfunction indicator lamp to come on. the “Instruments and Controls” section● Never pour fuel into the throttle body to earlier in this manual. attempt to start your vehicle.● Do not fill a portable fuel container in the vehicle or trailer. Static electricity can cause an explosion of flammable liquid, vapor or gas in any vehicle or trailer. To reduce the risk of serious injury or death when filling portable fuel containers:3-14 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • STEERING WHEEL SUN VISORS WPD0166 WPD0167 WPD0168Put the fuel filler cap in the cap holder while TILT OPERATION (if so equipped) VANITY MIRROR (if so equipped)refueling. Pull the lock lever down and adjust the steering A vanity mirror is located on the rear side of the wheel up or down to the desired position. passenger sun visor. Push the lock lever up firmly to lock the steering wheel in place. WARNING Do not adjust the steering wheel while driving. You could lose control of your vehicle and cause an accident. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • MIRRORS WPD0126 WPD0169 WPD0170INSIDE MIRROR Type A Type BThe night position ᭺ reduces glare from the 1 OUTSIDE MIRRORSheadlights of vehicles behind you at night. The outside mirrors can be moved in any direc- tion for a better rear view.Use the day position ᭺ when driving in daylight 2hours. Type A: Adjust to the desired position by moving the entire mirror assembly. WARNING Type B: Adjust to the desired position by press-Use the night position only when neces- ing directly on the mirror surface.sary, because it reduces rear view clarity.3-16 Pre-driving checks and adjustments ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • WARNING Objects viewed in the outside mirror on the passenger side are closer than they appear. Be careful when moving to the right. Using only this mirror could cause an accident. Use the inside mirror or glance over your shoulder to properly judge distances to other objects. WPD0056 WPD0143Foldable outside mirrors OUTSIDE MIRROR REMOTEPush the mirrors backward to fold them. CONTROL (if so equipped) The outside mirror remote control only operates when the ignition switch is in the ACC or ON position. Rotate the control lever to select the right or left mirror. Adjust the mirror to the desired position by moving the control lever. Pre-driving checks and adjustments 3-17 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • MEMO3-18 Pre-driving checks and adjustments
  • 4 Heater, air conditioner and audiosystemsVentilators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 Audio operation precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11Heater and air conditioner (manual). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 FM-AM radio with compact disc (CD) player Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12 Heater operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4 FM-AM radio with compact disc (CD) Air conditioner operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5 changer (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16 Air flow charts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6 CD care and cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27Servicing air conditioner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9 Steering wheel switch for audio controlAudio system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28 Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10 Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28 FM radio reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10 Car phone or CB radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29 AM radio reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • VENTILATORS HEATER AND AIR CONDITIONER (manual) WARNING ● The air conditioner cooling function op- erates only when the engine is running. ● Do not leave children, impaired adults, or pets alone in your vehicle. They could accidentally injure themselves or oth- ers through inadvertent operation of the vehicle. Also, on hot, sunny days, temperatures in a closed vehicle could quickly become high enough to cause severe or possibly fatal injuries to people or animals. WHA0223 ● Do not use the recirculation mode for long periods as it may cause the interiorAdjust air flow direction for the driver’s side, air to become stale and the windows tocenter, and passenger side ventilators by moving fog up.the ventilator slide and/or ventilator assemblies. ● Positioning of the heater and/or air conditioner controls should not be done while driving so full attention may be given to vehicle operation.4-2 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Air flow control dial Air recirculation button The air flow control dial allows you to select the NOTE: air flow outlets. — Air flows from center and side The air recirculation feature is available only on those vehicles equipped with air ventilators. conditioning. — Air flows from center and side ventilators and the front and rear ON position (Indicator light on): floor outlets. Interior air is recirculated inside the vehicle. — Air flows mainly from the front and Push the button to the on position when: rear floor outlets. ● driving on a dusty road. — Air flows from defroster outlets and the front and rear floor ● to prevent traffic fumes from entering pas- WHA0235 senger compartment. outlets.1. Fan control dial — Air flows mainly from defroster ● for maximum cooling when using the air con-2. Temperature control dial outlets. ditioner.3. Rear window defroster switch OFF position (Indicator light off):4. Air flow control dial The air flow control dial also has intermediate Outside air is drawn into the passenger compart-5. Air conditioner button positions which allow the air flow to be distrib- ment and distributed through the selected outlet. uted between 2 of the icon positions on the air6. Air recirculation button Use the off position for normal heater or air con- flow control dial. ditioner operation.CONTROLS Temperature control dial Air conditioner buttonFan control dial The temperature control dial allows you to adjust the temperature of the outlet air. The button is provided only on vehicles equippedThe fan control dial turns the fan on and off, and with an air conditioner.controls fan speed. Start the engine, turn the fan control dial to the desired (1 to 4) position and push the button to turn on the air conditioner. The indicator Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • light comes on when the air conditioner is oper- 4. Turn the temperature control dial to the de- ● To quickly remove ice or fog from the win-ating. To turn off the air conditioner, push sired position between the middle and the dows, turn the fan control dial to 4 and thethe button again. hot position. temperature control lever to the full HOT position.The air conditioner cooling function oper- Ventilationates only when the engine is running. ● When the position is selected, the air This mode directs outside air to the side and conditioner automatically turns on (however,Rear window defroster switch center ventilators. the indicator light will not illuminate) if the outside temperature is more than 36 - 37°FFor more information about the rear window de- 1. Push the button to the off position. (2 - 3°C). The air conditioning system willfroster switch, see “Rear window defroster continue to operate until the fan control dial 2. Turn the air flow control dial to theswitch” in the “Instruments and controls” section is turned to OFF or the vehicle is shut off, position.of this manual. even if the air flow control dial is turned to a 3. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- position other than the position. ThisHEATER OPERATION tion. dehumidifies the air which helps defog theHeating 4. Turn the temperature control dial to the de- windshield. The mode automatically sired position. turns off, allowing outside air to be drawnThis mode is used to direct heated air to the foot into the passenger compartment to furtheroutlets. Some air also flows from the defrost Defrosting or defogging improve the defogging performance.outlets. This mode directs the air to the defrost outlets to Bi-level heating 1. Push the button to the off position for defrost/defog the windows. normal heating. The bi-level mode directs warmed air to the side 1. Turn the air flow control dial to the and center vents and to the front and rear floor 2. Turn the air flow control dial to the position. outlets. position. 2. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- 1. Push the button (if so equipped) to 3. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- tion. the off position. tion. 3. Turn the temperature control dial to the de- 2. Turn the air flow control dial to the sired position between the middle and the position. hot position. 3. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- tion.4-4 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 4. Turn the temperature control dial to the de- Operating tips ● For quick cooling when the outside tem- sired position. perature is high, push the button to Clear snow and ice from the wiper blades the on position (indicator light on). Be sureHeating and defogging and air inlet in front of the windshield. This to return the to the off position for improves heater operation. normal cooling.This mode heats the interior and defogs the wind-shield. AIR CONDITIONER OPERATION Dehumidified heating 1. Turn the air flow control dial to the Start the engine, turn the fan control dial to the This mode is used to heat and dehumidify the air. position. desired (1 to 4) position, and push in the button to activate the air conditioner. When the 1. Push the button to the off position. 2. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- tion. air conditioner is on, cooling and dehumidifying 2. Turn the air flow control dial to the functions are added to the heater operation. position. 3. Turn the temperature control dial to the de- sired position between the middle and the The air conditioner cooling function oper- 3. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- hot position. ates only when the engine is running. tion. ● When the position is selected, the air Cooling 4. Push the button. The indicator light conditioner automatically turns on (however, This mode is used to cool and dehumidify the air. comes on. the indicator light will not illuminate) if the 1. Push the button to the off position. 5. Turn the temperature control dial to the de- outside temperature is more than 36 - 37°F sired position. (2 - 3°C). The air conditioning system will 2. Turn the air flow control dial to the continue to operate until the fan control dial position. Dehumidified defogging is turned to OFF or the vehicle is shut off, even if the air flow control dial is turned to a 3. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- This mode is used to defog the windows and position other than the position. This tion. dehumidify the air. dehumidifies the air which helps defog the 4. Push the button. The indicator light 1. Turn the air flow control dial to the windshield. The mode automatically comes on. position. turns off, allowing outside air to be drawn into the passenger compartment to further 5. Turn the temperature control dial to the de- 2. Turn the fan control dial to the desired posi- improve the defogging performance. sired position. tion. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 3. Push the button. The indicator light at least once a month. This helps pre- comes on. vent damage to the system due to lack of lubrication.When the , or positions in betweenare selected, the air conditioner automatically ● If the engine coolant temperatureturns on (however, the indicator light will not gauge indicates engine coolant tem-illuminate) if the outside temperature is more than perature over the normal range, turn36 - 37°F (2 - 3°C). The air conditioning system the air conditioner off. See “If yourwill continue to operate until the fan control dial is vehicle overheats” in the “In case ofturned to OFF or the vehicle is shut off, even if the emergency” section of this manual.air flow control dial is turned to a position otherthan the position. This dehumidifies the air AIR FLOW CHARTSwhich helps defog the windshield. The The following charts show the button and dialmode automatically turns off, allowing outside air positions for MAXIMUM AND QUICK heating,to be drawn into the passenger compartment to cooling or defrosting. The air recirculationfurther improve the defogging performance. button should always be in the OFF posi- 4. Turn the temperature control dial to the de- tion for heating and defrosting. sired position.Operating tips ● Keep the windows and sunroof (if so equipped) closed while the air conditioner is in operation. ● After parking in the sun, drive for 2 or 3 minutes with the windows open to vent hot air from the passenger compartment. Then, close the windows. This allows the air con- ditioner to cool the interior more quickly. ● The air conditioning system should be operated for approximately 10 minutes4-6 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WHA0241 WHA0242 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WHA0243 WHA02444-8 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • SERVICING AIR CONDITIONER The air conditioner system in your NISSAN ve- hicle is charged with a refrigerant designed with the environment in mind. This refrigerant does not harm the earth’s ozone layer. Special charging equipment and lubricant is re- quired when servicing your NISSAN air condi- tioner. Using improper refrigerants or lubricants will cause severe damage to your air conditioner system. See “Air conditioner system refrigerant and lubricant recommendations” in the “Techni- cal and consumer information” section of this manual. A NISSAN dealer is able to service your “environ- mentally friendly” air conditioning system. WARNING The air conditioner system contains re- frigerant under high pressure. To avoid personal injury, any air conditioner ser- vice should be done only by an experi- enced technician with proper equipment.WHA0245 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/17/03—cathy ੭
  • AUDIO SYSTEMRADIO Reception conditions will constantly change be- Multipath reception: Because of the reflective cause of vehicle movement. Buildings, terrain, characteristics of FM signals, direct and reflectedTurn the ignition key to the ACC or ON position signal distance and interference from other ve- signals reach the receiver at the same time. Theand press the power on switch to turn the radio hicles can work against ideal reception. De- signals may cancel each other, resulting in mo-on. If you listen to the radio with the engine not scribed below are some of the factors that can mentary flutter or loss of sound.running, the key should be turned to the ACC affect your radio reception.position. AM RADIO RECEPTION FM RADIO RECEPTION AM signals, because of their low frequency, canRadio reception is affected by station signalstrength, distance from radio transmitter, build- Range: FM range is normally limited to 25 - 30 bend around objects and skip along the ground.ings, bridges, mountains and other external influ- miles (40 - 48 km), with monaural (single chan- In addition, the signals can be bounced off the ionosphere and bent back to earth. Because ofences. Intermittent changes in reception quality nel) FM having slightly more range than stereo these characteristics, AM signals are also sub-normally are caused by these external influences. FM. External influences may sometimes interfere ject to interference as they travel from transmitter with FM station reception even if the FM station is to receiver.Using a cellular phone in or near the ve- within 25 miles (40 km). The strength of the FMhicle may influence radio reception quality. Fading: Occurs while the vehicle is passing signal is directly related to the distance betweenRadio reception the transmitter and receiver. FM signals follow a through freeway underpasses or in areas with line-of-sight path, exhibiting many of the same many tall buildings. It can also occur for severalYour NISSAN radio system is equipped with characteristics as light. For example they will seconds during ionospheric turbulence even instate-of-the-art electronic circuits to enhance ra- reflect off objects. areas where no obstacles exist.dio reception. These circuits are designed to Static: Caused by thunderstorms, electricalextend reception range, and to enhance the qual- Fade and drift: As your vehicle moves away from power lines, electric signs and even traffic lights.ity of that reception. a station transmitter, the signals will tend to fade and/or drift.However there are some general characteristicsof both FM and AM radio signals that can affect Static and flutter: During signal interference fromradio reception quality in a moving vehicle, even buildings, large hills or due to antenna positionwhen the finest equipment is used. These char- (usually in conjunction with increased distanceacteristics are completely normal in a given re- from the station transmitter) static or flutter canception area, and do not indicate any malfunction be heard. This can be reduced by adjusting thein your NISSAN radio system. treble control to reduce treble response.4-10 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • disc DIGITAL AUDIO” logo on the disc ● Do not use the following CDs as they or packaging. may cause the CD player to malfunc- tion: ● During cold weather or rainy days, the player may malfunction due to the hu- ● 3.1 in (8 cm) discs with an adapter midity. If this occurs, remove the CD ● CDs that are not round and dehumidify or ventilate the player completely. ● CDs with a paper label ● The player may skip while driving on ● CDs that are warped, scratched, or rough roads. have abnormal edges ● The CD player sometimes cannot func- tion when the compartment tempera- ture is extremely high. Decrease the temperature before use. ● Do not expose the CD to direct sun- light. ● CDs that are of poor quality, dirty, scratched, covered with fingerprints, or that have pin holes may not work prop- erly. LHA0099 ● The following CDs may not work prop- erly:AUDIO OPERATION PRECAUTIONS ● Copy control compact discs (CCCD)Compact disc (CD) player ● Recordable compact discs (CD-R) ● Only use high quality 4.7 inches (12 cm) round discs that have the “COMPACT ● Rewritable compact discs (CD-RW) Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 1. PRESET ABC button 2. Display 3. CD button 4. CD eject button 5. CD insert slot 6. MENU button 7. AUDIO button 8. Station select buttons 9. SEEK/TRACK button 10. PWR/VOL control knob 11. BAND select button FM-AM RADIO WITH COMPACT DISC (CD) PLAYER (if so equipped) PWR/VOL control knob Turn the ignition key to the ACC or ON position, then push the PWR/VOL control knob. If you listen to the radio with the engine not running, turn the key to the ACC position. The mode (radio or CD) that was playing immediately before the system was turned off resumes playing. When no CD is loaded, the radio comes on. Pushing the PWR/VOL control knob again turns the system off. Turn the PWR/VOL control knob to the right to increase volume or to the left to decrease volume. LHA01174-12 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • for BAL (balance). Once the audio level is set the FM-AM radio operation display will return back to radio or CD display mode after 7 seconds or the AUDIO button can FM-AM band select be pressed again within 7 seconds to set the next Push the button to change from AM to FM audio level. Pressing the AUDIO button a fifth reception. time will return the display back to radio or CD display mode. The FM stereo indicator, ST, illuminates during FM stereo reception. When the stereo broadcast Fader adjusts the sound level between the front signal is weak, the radio automatically changes and rear speakers, balance adjusts the sound from stereo to monaural reception. level between the right and left speakers. SEEK/manual/SCAN Clock set tuning 1. Press and hold the MENU button until it When the button is pushed while the radio beeps (longer than 2 seconds). is playing, tuning mode is cycled between: 2. The hours will start flashing. Press SEEK tuning → manual tuning → SCAN mode SEEK/TRACK ( or ) to adjust the hours. “TUNE” and “SCAN” are shown in the display for each mode. No icon is displayed for SEEK mode. 3. Press the MENU button until the radio beeps to switch to the minute adjustment. WARNING 4. The minutes will start flashing. Press The radio should not be tuned while driv- LHA0118 SEEK/TRACK ( or ) to adjust the min- ing so full attention may be given to ve-Adjusting tone quality and speaker balance utes. hicle operation.To adjust the audio levels for bass, treble, fader, 5. Press the MENU button again to exit the SEEK tuningand balance, push the AUDIO button and adjust clock set mode. Push the SEEK/TRACK tuning button (the level with the SEEK/TRACK button. Press the The display will return to the regular clock display or ) for less than 1.5 seconds. SEEK tuningAUDIO button once for BAS (bass), twice for after 7 seconds, or you may press the MENU begins from low to high frequencies or high toTRE (treble), 3 times for FAD (fader) and 4 times button again to return to the regular clock display. low frequencies, depending on which button is Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • pressed, and stops at the next broadcasting sta- Press the PRESET ABC button to change be-tion. If using the button, once the highest tween the presets:broadcasting station is reached, the radio contin- A→B→Cues in the SEEK mode at the lowest broadcastingstation. If using the button, once the lowest The radio displays icon A, B or C to indicatebroadcasting station is reached, the radio contin- which set of presets is active.ues in the SEEK mode at the highest broadcast-ing station. To store a radio station in a preset:Manual tuning 1. Select the desired preset by pressing PRE- SET ABC.Use the and buttons for manualtuning. To move quickly through the channels, 2. Tune to the desired station.hold either of the tuning buttons down. 3. Press the desired station select button forSCAN tuning more than 3 seconds. For example, in the illustrations, ch2 is to be memorized. ThePush and hold the SEEK/TRACK tuning button radio mutes when the select button is( or ) for more than 1.5 seconds. pushed.SCAN illuminates in the display window, and the 4. When the indicator illuminates in the displayradio station blinks. SCAN tuning begins from and the sound resumes, memorizing is com-low to high frequencies or high to low frequen- plete.cies, depending on which button is pressed.SCAN tuning stops at each broadcasting station 5. Other station select buttons can be set infor 5 seconds. When scanning, SCAN is solid the same manner. LHA0119and the radio station blinks. When temporarily If the battery cable is disconnected, or if the radiostopped on a station, SCAN blinks and the sta- Station memory operations fuse opens, the radio memory is canceled. In thattion display is solid. Pushing the button again case, reset the desired stations. Each preset mode (A, B or C) has 6 presets,during this 5 second period stops SCAN tuning capable of storing any combination of AM and FMand the radio remains tuned to that station. stations.4-14 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Compact disc (CD) player operation (When the last selection on the compact disc is Blank (no symbol): All selections are played skipped, the first selection is played.) repeatedly in sequence.Turn the ignition key to the ACC or ON position,and carefully insert the compact disc into the slot When the button is pushed and released, the When a new compact disc is inserted, thewith the label side up. The compact disc is auto- selection being played returns to the beginning. play pattern automatically changes to ALL.matically pulled into the slot and starts to play. Push the button several times to skip back CD EJECT button several selections. Each time the button isIf the radio is already operating, it automatically pushed, the CD moves back 1 selection. When the button is pushed with a com-turns off and the compact disc begins to play. pact disc loaded, the compact disc ejects. If the play pattern is in MIX mode when the or button is pushed the next selection will be When the button is pushed while the com- CAUTION pact disc is playing, the compact disc ejects and chosen at random.Do not force a compact disc into the CD the system turns off.insert slot. This could damage the CD FF (Fast Forward)/REV (Reverse) If the compact disc ejects and is not re-and/or CD changer/player. When the or button is pushed and held moved within 10 seconds, it is pulled back while the compact disc is playing, the compact into the slot. CD button disc plays at an increased speed while fast for-When the CD button is pushed with a compact warding or rewinding. When the button is re- DISC indicator lightdisc loaded and the radio playing, the radio turns leased, the compact disc returns to normal play This light comes on when a compact discoff and the compact disc starts to play. speed. is loaded into the player. Track up/down, FF/REV MENU (rewind) buttons When the button is pushed while the com-Track up/down pact disc is playing, the play pattern changes as follows:When the button is pushed and released RPT: The current selection is repeated.while the compact disc is playing, the selectionfollowing the present one starts to play from the MIX: Selections are played at random, not fol-beginning. Push the button several times to lowing the sequence on the compact disc. Theskip several selections. Each time the button is same program may be repeated twice. If thepushed, the CD advances 1 additional selection. button is pushed in the MIX mode, selections willThe number appears in the display window. be chosen at random. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 1. Disc loading button 2. SEEK/TRACK button 3. CD select button 4. Band select buttons 5. CD insert slot 6. CD eject button 7. Radio manual tuning buttons 8. RPT MIX/PTY button 9. CLOCK button 10. AUDIO button 11. TRAVEL PRESET button 12. Station select buttons 13. RDS button 14. SCAN button 15. PRESET SCAN button 16. ON·OFF/VOL control knob 17. PRESET ABC button FM-AM RADIO WITH COMPACT DISC (CD) CHANGER (if so equipped) PWR/VOL control knob Turn the ignition key to the ACC or ON position, then push the PWR/VOL control knob. If you listen to the radio with the engine not running, turn the key to the ACC position. The mode (radio WHA01344-16 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • or CD) that was playing immediately before thesystem was turned off resumes playing.When no CD is loaded, the radio comes on.Pushing the PWR/VOL control knob again turnsthe system off.Turn the PWR/VOL control knob to the right toincrease volume or to the left to decrease volume. WHA0065 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-17 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/21/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Adjusting tone quality and speaker balance 5. Press the CLOCK button again to exit the or high to low frequencies, depending on which clock set mode. button is pressed, and stops at the next broad-Press the AUDIO button to enter the audio adjust casting station. If using the up button, once themode: The display will return to the regular clock display highest broadcasting station is reached, the ra- after 7 seconds, or you may press the CLOCK dio continues in the SEEK mode at the lowestBass→Mid→Treb→Fade→Bal button again to return to the regular clock display. broadcasting station. If using the down button,Press the TUNE/FF-REV ( or ) or once the lowest broadcasting station is reached,SEEK/TRACK ( or ) to adjust to the de- FM-AM radio operation the radio continues in the SEEK mode at thesired levels. The display will return to the regular FM-AM band select highest broadcasting station.radio display after 7 seconds, or you may pressthe AUDIO button again to return to the regular Push the AM or the FM button to change from AM SCAN tuningradio display. to FM reception. Push the SCAN button. SCAN illuminates in theClock operation The FM stereo indicator, ST, illuminates during display window. SCAN tuning begins from low to FM stereo reception. When the stereo broadcast high frequencies or high to low frequencies.Pressing the CLOCK button displays the clock signal is weak, the radio automatically changes SCAN tuning stops for 5 seconds at each broad-with the radio on or off. Press the CLOCK button from stereo to monaural reception. casting station that has sufficient signal strength.again to turn off the clock display. When scanning, SCAN blinks in the display. TUNE/FF—REV Pushing the SCAN button again during this 5Clock set second period stops SCAN tuning and the radio 1. Press and hold the CLOCK button until it WARNING remains tuned to that station. beeps (>2 seconds). The radio should not be tuned while driv- 2. The hours will start flashing. Press ing so full attention may be given to ve- TUNE/FF-REV ( or ) or hicle operation. SEEK/TRACK ( or ) to adjust the hours. Use the and buttons for manual tuning. To move quickly through the channels, 3. Press the CLOCK button to switch to the hold the tuning buttons down. minute adjustment. SEEK tuning 4. Press TUNE/FF-REV ( or ) or SEEK/TRACK ( or ) to adjust the min- Push SEEK/TRACK tuning button ( or ). utes. SEEK tuning begins from low to high frequencies4-18 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 3. When the indicator illuminates in the station selection button, a beep will sound indicat- ing memorization is complete. For FM sta- tions, the indicator will turn green. For AM stations, the indicator will turn amber. 4. Other station select buttons can be set in the same manner. If the battery cable is disconnected, or if the radio fuse opens, the radio memory is canceled. In that case, reset the desired stations. LHA0081Station memory operation — Travel Presetis OFFEach preset mode (A, B or C) has 6 presets,capable of storing any combination of AM, FMand FM RDS stations.Press the PRESET ABC button to change be-tween the presets: WHA0064A→B→C To store a radio station in a preset:The radio displays icon A, B or C to indicate 1. Tune to the desired station.which set of presets is active. 2. Press the desired station select button (>2 seconds). For example, in the illustrations ch3 is to be memorized. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-19 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 4. If the radio cannot find any stations, the radio displays “NO STATION” and mutes the au- dio. 5. If the radio cannot fill all the presets, the remaining presets are stored with 87.9 for FM and 600 for AM. The TUNE, SCAN, SEEK and preset memory functions are available while Travel Preset mode is on. Canceling travel preset Press the TRAVEL PRESET button (<1.5 sec- onds) to clear the Travel Preset memory. This LHA0082 turns off the green indicator. The radio returns toTurning ON travel preset the last used preset of A, B or C in the permanent preset memory. 1. Press the TRAVEL PRESET button (<1.5 seconds). The green TRAVEL PRESET but- ton indicator turns on. 2. The radio selects the strongest stations in the area and stores them in Travel Presets A, B and C. 12 FM stations and 6 AM stations are the default settings. To change the de- fault settings, see “Editing Travel Preset” later in this section. 3. When finished storing radio stations, the radio tunes to the first stored preset of Travel Preset A. LHA00844-20 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Editing travel preset 2. The presets are transferred from Travel Pre- set memory to the permanent preset 1. Press and hold the TRAVEL PRESET button memory for A, B, and C. “PRESETS (>3 seconds) until the radio beeps to start LOADED” is displayed. the editing mode. The green Travel Preset indicator will flash while in TRAVEL PRESET 3. The TRAVEL PRESET indicator turns off. EDIT mode. 2. The radio displays “TRAVEL EDIT” for 2 seconds and then changes to “SET A-*” . 3. Press TUNE/FF-REV ( or ) to select a mode. 4. Press the TRAVEL PRESET button to save the mode. LHA0085 5. Display is changed to “SET B-*” , repeat steps 3 and 4. Preset scan 6. Display is changed to “SET C-*” , repeat Pressing the PRESET SCAN button (<1.5 sec- step 3. onds) scans the permanent preset memory that is selected (A, B or C) from 1–6 for 5 seconds. If 7. Press the TRAVEL PRESET button to exit the Travel Preset is ON, the travel preset that is the edit mode and return to normal mode. selected (A, B or C) from 1–6 is scanned for 5*: AM, FM, FM RDS, Rock, Classic Rock, Soft seconds.Rock, Top 40, Country, Jazz, Classical, Oldies,News, Sports, Talk.Storing Travel Preset stations in permanentmemory 1. While in Travel Preset mode, press and hold the TRAVEL PRESET button until it beeps (>3 seconds). Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-21 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • stations on the FM band (not AM band) encoded The display changes to “SHOW” for the second within a regular radio broadcast. Currently, most part of the RDS mode selection. Press TUNE/FF- RDS stations are in large cities, but many stations REV ( or ) to switch between the are now considering broadcasting RDS data. following RDS display modes: RDS can display: ● “FM & RDS”: the radio display will show the station’s broadcast frequency and the sta- ● Station call sign, such as “WHFR 98.3”. tion’s name. ● Station name, such as “The Groove”. ● “RDS ONLY”: the radio display will show the ● Music or programming type, such as “Clas- station’s name only. sical”, “Country”, or “Rock”. ● “RDS TEMP”: the radio display will show the ● Traffic reports about delays or construction. station’s name for 5 seconds and then display only the radio station’s broadcast frequency. If the station broadcasts RDS information the LHA0086 RDS icon is displayed. The RDS information will PTY (program type)All preset scan be displayed according to the option chosen in PTY can be used to search for a certain program the RDS setup mode. (FM & RDS is the default.) type. Certain areas have a limited number ofPressing the PRESET SCAN button (>1.5 sec- Press the RDS button again to display the fre- stations that transmit RDS. Many stations trans-onds) scans all the permanent preset memory quency for 3 seconds. The radio will then return mit call letters and frequencies only. Searching orbanks (A, B or C) from 1–6 for 5 seconds. If the to the normal display. If the station does not scanning by program type may yield a limitedTravel Preset is ON, all the travel preset memory broadcast RDS information, the RDS icon will not number of selections.banks (A, B or C) from 1–6 are scanned for 5 be displayed.seconds. 1. Press the PTY button. The display changes Setting RDS mode from “RDS PTY SEARCH” to “SELECTCanceling preset scan mode BY TUNE” . Press and RDS button (>3 seconds) until thePressing any button except CLOCK, EJECT and display shows “RDS SET MODE” . This display 2. Press TUNE/FF-REV ( or )PTY cancels the Preset Scan mode. will last 2 seconds and then change to up/down button to choose a specific pro- “TRAFFIC-OFF” . Press TUNE/FF-REV ( gram type:RDS (radio data system) or ) to toggle the RDS traffic mode from ROCK, CLASSIC ROCK, SOFT ROCK,RDS stands for Radio Data System, and is a data “OFF” to “ON”. Press the RDS button again to TOP 40, COUNTRY, JAZZ, CLASSICAL,information service transmitted by some radio set your RDS traffic mode selection. OLDIES, NEWS, SPORTS, TALK, ANY4-22 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 3. Press the SEEK or SCAN button to search 4. The CD will play after the disc is set to a play for the next station with the selected PTY. position. The SCAN icon flashes when the SCAN button is pressed. The radio continues to 5. The indicator changes from blinking green seek or scan until a radio station is found to solid green and the display changes to matching the selected PTY show the Disc number icon, Disc number, Track number and Elapsed time. 4. Press the PTY button again to cancel the PTY SEEK mode. All disc loadingCompact disc (CD) player operation 1. Press and hold the LOAD button until the radio beeps (>1.5 seconds).Turn the ignition key to the ACC or ON position. 2. The green indicator on the lowest available CAUTION disc select button will start blinking. (Same as preset memory button.) The display● Do not force a compact disc into the CD LHA0075 shows “Please Wait”. insert slot. This could damage the CD CD loading and/or CD changer/player. 3. The display changes to “Insert Disc” for a Press the LOAD button to start CD loading maximum of 15 seconds.● Trying to load a CD with the CD door mode. closed could damage the CD and/or CD 4. During the 15 second interval, insert the changer. The following sequence will occur: disc. The display changes to “Loading CD button 1. The green indicator on the lowest available Disc”. disc select button will start blinking. (Same 5. The indicator changes from blinking greenWhen the CD button is pressed with a compact as preset memory button.) The display to solid green.disc loaded and the radio playing, the radio turns shows “Please Wait” .off and the last used compact disc starts to play. 6. The disc number icon is turned on. 2. The display changes to “Insert Disc” for a maximum of 15 seconds. 3. During the 15 second interval, insert the disc. The display changes to “Loading Disc” . Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-23 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 7. Repeat steps 2–5 until all discs are loaded, 4. The indicator changes from blinking green then the last loaded disc will begin to play. to solid green and the display shows the Disc The display shows the Disc number, Track number, Track number and Elapsed Time. number and Elapsed Time. FF (fast forward) REWSelected disc loading (rewind) buttons 1. Press a disc select button whose indicator is When the TUNE/FF-REV ( or ) but- off. The display shows “Please Wait”. ton is pressed while the compact disc is playing, the compact disc plays at an increased speed 2. The green indicator starts blinking and the while fast forwarding or rewinding. When the display shows “Insert Disc” for 15 sec- button is released, the CD returns to normal play onds. speed. 3. Insert the CD. The display shows “Loading SEEK/TRACK buttons Disc”. 4. The CD will play after the disc is set to a play LHA0076 When is pressed while the compact disc is position. Selected disc play playing, the selection following the present one starts to play from the beginning. Press several 5. The indicator color changes from blinking 1. Press the disc select button whose disc icon times to skip several selections. Each time the green to solid green and the display is displayed. button is pressed, the CD advances 1 additional shows the Disc icon, Disc number, Track selection. The track number appears in the display number and Elapsed Time. 2. The indicator blinks green during the window. (When the last selection on the compact change and the display shows “Changing disc is skipped, the first selection is played.)If a disc is not inserted within 15 seconds or if the Disc” .load button is pressed during load sequence, the When is pressed, the selection being playedentire disc load sequence will be canceled. 3. The CD plays after the disc is set to a play returns to the beginning. Press several times position. to skip back several selections. Each time theDisc play button is pressed, the CD moves back 1 selec-Press the CD button. If a CD is loaded and the tion. If the play pattern is in MIX mode when theradio is playing, the radio turns off and the last button is pressed the next random selection willloaded disc starts to play. be played.4-24 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Mix Press the RPT MIX button (<1.5 seconds) again to start shuffle play of the current disc. The “MIX” icon is turned on and the display shows “Mix Tracks” for 2 seconds. The display then shows the Track number and Elapsed time as normal. All mix Press the RPT MIX button (<1.5 seconds) again to start shuffle play of all discs. The “MIX” icon is turned on, and the display shows “Mix All Tracks” for 2 seconds. The display then shows the Track number and Elapsed time as normal. Also, the indicators of the loaded discs are turned LHA0077 LHA0078 on with amber color. (Green for current disc.) Repeat/Mix CD scan Normal playPress the RPT MIX button to change CD play 1 Disc All Tracks Press the RPT MIX button (<1.5 seconds) againpatterns: Press the SCAN button (<1.5 seconds) to scan to return to normal play mode. The “MIX” icon andRepeat→Mix→All Mix→Normal Play the amber LEDs are turned off. The display all tracks of the current disc for 7 seconds per shows “Normal Play” for 2 seconds. The dis- track. The display shows “Disc Scan” for 2Repeat play then shows the Track number and Elapsed seconds, and then shows the track number andPress the RPT MIX button (<1.5 seconds) once time as normal. elapsed time as normal. The SCAN icon isto repeat the current track. The “1” icon is turned flashed during Scan mode.on, and the display shows “Repeat Track” for 2 The Scan mode is canceled once it scansseconds. The display then shows the Track num- through all tracks on the disc, or if the SCANber and Elapsed time as normal. button is pressed during Scan mode. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-25 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • All Discs, 1 Track Select a discPress and hold the SCAN button (>1.5 seconds) 1. Press the desired disc, then pressto scan the first track of all the loaded discs for 7 the button.seconds per track. The display shows “All Disc 2. The green indicator starts blinking and theScan” for 2 seconds, and then shows the track display shows “Disc Eject” for 2 seconds.number and elapsed time as normal. The SCAN The display then changes to “Ejectingicon is flashed during Scan mode. Disc” .The Scan mode is canceled once it scans 3. The disc ejects. Remove the disc. (If the discthrough all the loaded discs, or if the SCAN is not removed within 15 seconds, the discbutton is pressed during Scan mode. will reload.) 4. The indicator and symbol for the disc are turned off. LHA0079 Eject CD Current disc 1. Press the button. 2. The green indicator starts to blink and the display shows “Disc Eject” for 2 seconds. The display then changes to “Ejecting Disc” . 3. The disc ejects. Remove the disc. (If the disc is not removed within 15 seconds, the disc will reload.) 4. The indicator and symbol for the disc are turned off.4-26 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 2. Lowest used disc number indicator blinks green and display shows “All Disc Eject” for 2 seconds. The display then changes to “Ejecting Disc” . 3. When a disc is removed, the indicator and disc icon will be turned off, and then the next disc will emerge, and so on. 4. The display will be turned off after all discs are ejected and removed. If a disc is not removed within 15 seconds, or if the button is pressed again during the Eject sequence, the entire disc Eject sequence will be canceled. LHA0049 CD CARE AND CLEANING ● Handle a CD by its edges. Do not bend the disc. Never touch the surface of the disc. ● Always place the discs in the storage case when they are not being used. ● To clean a disc, wipe the surface from the center LHA0080 to the outer edge using a clean, soft cloth. Do not wipe the disc using a circular motion.All discs ● Do not use a conventional record cleaner or 1. Press and hold the button until it alcohol intended for industrial use. beeps (>1.5 seconds). ● A new disc may be rough on the inner and outer edges. Remove the rough edges by rubbing the inner and outer edges with the side of a pen or pencil as illustrated. Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-27 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • The last CD that was loaded starts to play when ANTENNA in CD Mode. If there is no CD loaded, the CD changer enters Disc Loading Mode. The antenna cannot be shortened, but can be removed. When you need to remove the antenna, If in Radio presets A, B or C: turn the antenna rod counterclockwise. ● Press or (<1.5 seconds) to To install the antenna rod, turn the antenna clock- advance to the next preset station or to wise. Tighten the antenna rod to specification return to the previous preset station. using a suitable tool such as an open-end ● Hold down or (>1.5 sec- wrench. The antenna rod tightening specification onds). The radio will seek up or down to the is 2.0 - 2.6 N·m (18 - 23 in-lb). Do not use pliers next radio station. to tighten the antenna as they can leave marks on the antenna surface. The antenna rod cannot be If in CD Mode: hand tightened to the proper specification. ● Press or (<1.5 seconds) to WHA0234 advance to the next selection on the CD or CAUTION1. SEEK up button return to the previous selection on the CD. Always properly tighten the antenna rod2. Mode button ● Hold down or (>1.5 seconds) during installation or the antenna rod may3. SEEK down button to advance to the next CD or return to the break during vehicle operation.4. Volume control button previous CD.STEERING WHEEL SWITCH FOR Volume control is located on the side of the audio control switch. Press the top of the volume con-AUDIO CONTROL (if so equipped) trol to increase volume. Press the bottom of theThe steering wheel switch for audio controls is volume control to decrease volume.mounted on the left side of the steering wheel.Press the MODE button to turn the radio on or, ifthe radio is already on, to switch between theRadio presets (A, B or C) and CD Mode.A→B→C→CD Mode4-28 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • CAR PHONE OR CB RADIOWhen installing a CB, ham radio or car phone in ● Keep the antenna wire more than 8 inyour NISSAN, be sure to observe the following (20 cm) away from the Multiport Fuelcautions, otherwise the new equipment may ad- Injection harness. Do not route the an-versely affect the MFI (Multiport Fuel Injection) tenna wire next to any harness.system and other electronic parts. ● Adjust the antenna standing-wave ratio as recommended by the manufacturer. WARNING ● Connect the ground wire from the CB● A cellular telephone should not be used radio chassis to the body. while driving so full attention may be given to vehicle operation. Some juris- ● For details, consult a NISSAN dealer. dictions prohibit the use of cellular tele- phones while driving.● If you must make a call while your ve- hicle is in motion, the hands free cellu- lar phone operational mode (if so equipped) is highly recommended. Ex- ercise extreme caution at all times so full attention may be given to vehicle operation.● If a conversation in a moving vehicle requires you to take notes, pull off the road to a safe location and stop your vehicle before doing so. CAUTION● Keep the antenna as far away as pos- sible from the Engine Control Module (ECM). Heater, air conditioner and audio systems 4-29 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • MEMO4-30 Heater, air conditioner and audio systems
  • 5 Starting and drivingPrecautions when starting and driving. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2 Cruise control operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17 Exhaust gas (carbon monoxide) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2 Break-in schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18 Three-way catalyst. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2 Increasing fuel economy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18 Low tire pressure warning system Using four wheel drive (4WD). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3 Transfer case shifting procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19 On-pavement and off-road driving Auto-lock free-running hubs. . . . . . . . . . . . 5-20 precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4 Parking/parking on hills. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-22 Avoiding collision and rollover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4 Power steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23 Drinking alcohol/drugs and driving. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5 Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23 Driving safety precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5 Brake precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23Ignition switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7 Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-24 Automatic transmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7 Vehicle dynamic control (VDC) system Manual transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-25 Key positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8 Cold weather driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27Before starting the engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9 Freeing a frozen door lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27Starting the engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9 Anti-freeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27Driving the vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27 Automatic transmission (if so equipped). . . . . . . . . . 5-10 Draining of coolant water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27 Manual transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13 Tire equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27Parking brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15 Special winter equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28Cruise control (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16 Driving on snow or ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28 Precautions on cruise control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16 Engine block heater (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • PRECAUTIONS WHEN STARTINGAND DRIVING WARNING ● If you suspect that exhaust fumes are ● The exhaust system and body should be entering the vehicle, drive with all win- inspected by a qualified mechanic● Do not leave children, impaired adults, dows fully open, and have the vehicle whenever: or pets alone in your vehicle. They could inspected immediately. accidentally injure themselves or oth- a. The vehicle is raised for service. ers through inadvertent operation of ● Do not run the engine in closed spaces b. You suspect that exhaust fumes are the vehicle. Also, on hot, sunny days, such as a garage. entering into the passenger temperatures in a closed vehicle could ● Do not park the vehicle with the engine compartment. quickly become high enough to cause running for any extended length of time. severe or possibly fatal injuries to c. You notice a change in the sound of people or animals. ● Keep the back door and rear windows the exhaust system. closed while driving, otherwise exhaust● Properly secure all cargo with ropes or d. You have had an accident involving gases could be drawn into the passen- straps to help prevent it from sliding or damage to the exhaust system, un- ger compartment. If you must drive with shifting. Do not place cargo higher than derbody, or rear of the vehicle. the back door or rear windows open, the seatbacks. In a sudden stop or col- follow these precautions: lision, unsecured cargo could cause THREE-WAY CATALYST personal injury. 1. Open all the windows. The three-way catalyst is an emission control 2. Set the air recirculation but- device installed in the exhaust system. ExhaustEXHAUST GAS (carbon monoxide) ton (if so equipped) to off and the fan gases in the three-way catalyst are burned at control dial to 4 (high) to circulate high temperatures to help reduce pollutants. WARNING the air.● Do not breathe exhaust gases; they ● If electrical wiring or other cable con- WARNING contain colorless and odorless carbon nections must pass to a trailer through ● The exhaust gas and the exhaust sys- monoxide. Carbon monoxide is danger- the seal on the back door or the body, tem are very hot. Keep people, animals ous. It can cause unconsciousness or follow the manufacturer’s recommen- or flammable materials away from the death. dation to prevent carbon monoxide en- exhaust system components. try into the vehicle.5-2 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Do not stop or park the vehicle over LOW TIRE PRESSURE WARNING WARNING flammable materials such as dry grass, SYSTEM (if so equipped) ● If the low tire pressure warning light waste paper or rags. They may ignite and cause a fire. The low tire pressure warning system monitors comes on while driving, avoid sudden tire pressure of all tires (except the spare tire). steering maneuvers or abrupt braking, reduce vehicle speed, pull off the road CAUTION The low tire pressure warning system will activate to a safe location and stop the vehicle● Do not use leaded gasoline. Deposits only when the vehicle is driven at speeds above as soon as possible. Serious vehicle from leaded gasoline will seriously re- 20 MPH (32 km/h). Also, this system may not damage could occur and may lead to an duce the three-way catalyst’s ability to detect a sudden drop in tire pressure (for ex- accident and could result in serious help reduce exhaust pollutants. ample a flat tire while driving). personal injury. Check the tire pressure for all four tires and adjust the pressure● Keep your engine tuned up. Malfunc- Frequently check the tire pressure and adjust to the COLD tire pressure shown on the tions in the ignition, fuel injection, or pressure of each tire properly. tire placard. If you have a flat tire, re- electrical systems can cause overrich place it with a spare tire as soon as fuel flow into the three-way catalyst, Flat tire warning possible. (See “Flat tire” in the “In case causing it to overheat. Do not keep driv- If the vehicle is being driven with very low tire of emergency” section for changing a ing if the engine misfires, or if notice- pressure (lower than 27 psi, 190 kPa), the low flat tire.) able loss of performance or other un- tire pressure warning light comes on and the usual operating conditions are ● When a spare tire is mounted or a wheel chime sounds for about 10 seconds. is replaced, tire pressure will not be detected. Have the vehicle inspected promptly by a NISSAN dealer. For additional information regarding the above indicated and the low tire pressure warning, see “Warning/indicator lights and au- warning system will not function. Con-● Avoid driving with an extremely low fuel tact your NISSAN dealer as soon as level. Running out of fuel could cause dible reminders” in the “Instruments and con- trols” section. possible for tire replacement and/or the engine to misfire, damaging the system resetting. three-way catalyst. ● Do not inject any tire liquid or aerosol● Do not race the engine while warming it tire sealant into the tires, as this may up. cause a malfunction of the tire pressure● Do not push or tow your vehicle to start sensors. the engine. Starting and driving 5-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • CAUTION ON-PAVEMENT AND OFF-ROAD AVOIDING COLLISION AND DRIVING PRECAUTIONS ROLLOVERDo not place metalized film or any metalparts (antenna, etc.) on the windows. This Utility vehicles have a significantly highermay cause poor reception of the signals WARNING rollover rate than other types of vehicles.from the tire pressure sensors, and the Failure to operate this vehicle in a safelow tire pressure warning system will not They have higher ground clearance than passen- and prudent manner may result in loss offunction properly. ger cars to make them capable of performing in a control or an accident. variety of on-pavement and off-road applications.FCC Notice: This gives them a higher center of gravity than Be alert and drive defensively at all times. Obey ordinary cars. An advantage of higher ground all traffic regulations. Avoid excessive speed,Changes or modifications not expressly ap- clearance is a better view of the road, allowing high speed cornering, or sudden steering ma-proved by the manufacturer compliance you to anticipate problems. However, they are not neuvers, because these driving practices couldcould void the user’s authority to operate designed for cornering at the same speeds as cause you to lose control of your vehicle. As withthe environment. any vehicle, loss of control could result in a conventional two-wheel drive vehicles any moreThis device complies with Part 15 of the collision with other vehicles or objects, or than low-slung sports cars are designed to per-FCC Rules and RSS-210 of Industry cause the vehicle to roll over, particularly ifCanada. form satisfactorily under off-road conditions. If at the loss of control causes the vehicle to all possible, avoid sharp turns at high speeds. As slide sideways. Be attentive at all times, andOperation is subject to the following two with other vehicles of this type, failure to operate avoid driving when tired. Never drive when underconditions: (1) This device may not cause this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control the influence of alcohol or drugs (including pre-harmful interface, and (2) this device must or vehicle rollover. scription or over-the-counter drugs which mayaccept any interference received, including Be sure to read the driving safety precautions cause drowsiness). Always wear your seat beltinterference that may cause undesired op- later in this section. as outlined in the “Safety – Seats, seat belts anderation of the device. supplemental air bags” section of this manual, and also instruct your passengers to do so. Seat belts help reduce the risk of injury in colli- sions and rollovers. In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely to die than a person wearing a seat belt.5-4 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • DRINKING ALCOHOL/DRUGS AND DRIVING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ● Many hills are too steep for any vehicle.DRIVING Your NISSAN is designed for both normal and If you drive up them, you may stall. If you drive down them, you may not be off-road use. However, avoid driving in deep wa- WARNING able to control your speed. If you drive ter or mud as your NISSAN is mainly designed for across them, you may roll over.Never drive under the influence of alcohol leisure use, unlike a conventional off-road ve-or drugs. Alcohol in the bloodstream re- hicle. ● Do not shift gears while driving onduces coordination, delays reaction time downhill grades as this could causeand impairs judgement. Driving after Remember that two-wheel drive models are less loss of control of the vehicle.drinking alcohol increases the likelihood capable than four-wheel drive models for rough road driving and extrication when stuck in deep ● Stay alert when driving to the top of aof being involved in an accident injuring hill. At the top there could be a drop-offyourself and others. Additionally, if you snow or mud, or the like. or other hazard that could cause anare injured in an accident, alcohol can Please observe the following precautions: accident.increase the severity of the injury. ● If your engine stalls or you cannot makeNISSAN is committed to safe driving. However, WARNING it to the top of a steep hill, never at-you must choose not to drive under the influence ● Drive carefully when off the road and tempt to turn around. Your vehicleof alcohol. Every year thousands of people are avoid dangerous areas. Every person could tip or roll over. Always backinjured or killed in alcohol-related accidents. Al- who drives or rides in this vehicle straight down in R (Reverse) gear. Neverthough the local laws vary on what is considered should be seated with their seat belt back down in N (Neutral) or with theto be legally intoxicated, the fact is that alcohol fastened. This will keep you and your clutch depressed (manual transmissionaffects all people differently and most people passengers in position when driving vehicles), using only the brake, as thisunderestimate the effects of alcohol. over rough terrain. could cause loss of control.Remember, drinking and driving don’t mix! And ● Do not drive across steep slopes. In- ● Heavy braking going down a hill couldthat is true for drugs, too (over-the-counter, pre- stead drive either straight up or straight cause your brakes to overheat and fade,scription, and illegal drugs). Don’t drive if your down the slopes. Off-road vehicles can resulting in loss of control and an acci-ability to operate your vehicle is impaired by alco- tip over sideways much more easily dent. Apply brakes lightly and use a lowhol, drugs, or some other physical condition. than they can forward or backward. gear to control your speed. Starting and driving 5-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Unsecured cargo can be thrown around ● Lower your speed when encountering ● Be sure to check the brakes immedi- when driving over rough terrain. Prop- strong crosswinds. With a higher center ately after driving in mud or water. See erly secure all cargo so it will not be of gravity, your NISSAN is more af- “Brake system” later in this section for thrown forward and cause injury to you fected by strong side winds. Slower “Wet brakes”. or your passengers. speeds ensure better vehicle control. ● Avoid parking your vehicle on steep● To avoid raising the center of gravity ● Do not drive beyond the performance of hills. If you get out of the vehicle and it excessively, do not exceed the rated the tires, even with 4WD engaged. rolls forward, backward or sideways, capactiy of the roof rack/gear bin (if so you could be injured. ● Accelerating quickly, sharp steering equipped) and evenly distribute the maneuvers or sudden braking may ● Whenever you drive off-road through load. Secure heavy loads in the cargo cause loss of control. sand, mud or water as deep as the area as far forward and as low as pos- wheel hub, more frequent maintenance sible. Do not equip the vehicle with tires ● If at all possible, avoid sharp turning may be required. See “Periodic mainte- larger than specified in this manual. maneuvers, particularly at high speeds. nance” in the “NISSAN Service and This could cause your vehicle to roll Your NISSAN four-wheel drive vehicle Maintenance Guide.” over. has a higher center of gravity than a two-wheel drive vehicle. The vehicle is● Do not grip the inside or spokes of the not designed for cornering at the same steering wheel when driving off-road. speeds as conventional two-wheel The steering wheel could move sud- drive vehicles. Failure to operate this denly and injure your hands. Instead vehicle correctly could result in loss of drive with your fingers and thumbs on control and/or a rollover accident. the outside of the rim. ● Always use tires of the same type, size,● Before operating the vehicle, ensure brand, construction (bias, bias-belted, that the driver and all passengers have or radial), and tread pattern on all four their seat belts fastened. wheels. Install tire chains on the rear● Always drive with the floor mats in wheels when driving on slippery roads place as the floor may become hot. and drive carefully.5-6 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • IGNITION SWITCH 2. Turn the ignition key slightly toward the ON and turn it gently while rotating the steer- position. ing wheel slightly right and left. 3. Turn the key to the LOCK position. WARNING 4. Remove the key. Never remove or turn the key to the LOCK The shift selector lever is designed so it cannot position while driving. The steering wheel moved out of P (Park) and into any of the other will lock. This may cause the driver to lose gear positions if the ignition key is turned to OFF control of the vehicle and could result in position or if the key is removed from the switch. serious vehicle damage or personal injury. The shift selector lever can be moved if the ignition switch is in the ACC position. This allows the vehicle to be moved if the bat- tery is discharged. The shift selector lever WSD0041 can also be moved if the ignition switch isAUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION in the ON position and the foot brake pedal is depressed.On automatic transmission models, the ignitionlock is designed so the key cannot be turned to There is an OFF position between theLOCK position and removed until the shift selec- LOCK and ACC positions. The OFF positiontor lever is moved to the P (Park) position. is indicated by a “1” on the key cylinder. When the ignition is in the OFF position,When removing the key from the ignition, make the steering wheel is not locked.sure the shift selector lever is in the P (Park)position. In order for the steering wheel to be locked, it must be turned about 1/8 of a turn clockwiseIf the key cannot be turned to the LOCK position, from the straight up position.proceed as follows to remove the key. To lock the steering wheel, turn the key to 1. Move the shift selector lever into the P (Park) the LOCK position. Remove the key. To position. unlock the steering wheel, insert the key Starting and driving 5-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • To lock the steering wheel, turn the key to START: (4) the LOCK position. Remove the key. To This position starts the engine. As soon as the unlock the steering wheel, insert the key engine has started, release the key. It automati- and turn it gently while rotating the steer- cally returns to the ON position. ing wheel slightly right and left. WARNING Never remove or turn the key to the LOCK position while driving. The steering wheel will lock. This may cause the driver to lose control of the vehicle and could result in serious vehicle damage or personal injury. KEY POSITIONS WSD0052 LOCK: Normal parking position (0)MANUAL TRANSMISSION OFF: (Manual transmission model) (1)The ignition switch includes a device that helpsprevent accidental removal of the key while driv- The engine can be turned off without locking the steering wheel.ing. ACC: (Accessories) (2)The key can only be removed when the ignitionswitch is in the LOCK position. This position activates electrical accessories such as the radio when the engine is not running.On manual transmission models, to turn the igni-tion key to LOCK position from ACC or ON ON: Normal operating position (3)position, turn the key to OFF, push the key in, then This position turns on the ignition system and theturn the key to LOCK. electrical accessories.In order for the steering wheel to be locked, itmust be turned about 1/8 of a turn clockwisefrom the straight up position.5-8 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE STARTING THE ENGINE● Make sure the area around the vehicle is 1. Apply the parking brake. ● When the engine is very hard to start in clear. extremely cold weather or when restart- 2. Automatic transmission: ing, depress the accelerator pedal a little● Check fluid levels such as engine oil, cool- Move the shift selector lever to P (Park) or N (approximately 1/5 to the floor) and hold it ant, brake and clutch fluid, and window (Neutral). P (Park) is recommended. and then crank the engine. Release the washer fluid as frequently as possible, or at key and the accelerator pedal when the least whenever you refuel. The shift selector lever cannot be engine starts.● Check that all windows and lights are clean. moved out of P (Park) and into any of the other gear positions if the ignition ● When the engine is very hard to start● Visually inspect tires for their appearance key is turned to the OFF position or if because it is flooded, depress the accel- and condition. Also check tires for proper erator pedal all the way to the floor and the key is removed from the ignition inflation. hold it. Crank the engine for 5-6 seconds. switch. After cranking the engine, release the ac-● Lock all doors. celerator pedal. Crank the engine with The starter is designed not to operate if● Position seat and adjust head restraints. the shift selector lever is in any of the your foot off the accelerator pedal by driving positions. turning the ignition key to START. Release● Adjust inside and outside mirrors. the key when the engine starts. If the● Fasten seat belts and ask all passengers to Manual transmission: engine starts, but fails to run, repeat the do likewise. Move the shift lever to N (Neutral). Depress above procedure.● Check the operation of warning lights when the clutch pedal to the floor while cranking the engine. CAUTION the key is turned to the ON (3) position. See “Warning/indicator lights and audible re- Do not operate the starter for more than The starter is designed not to operate minders” in the “Instruments and controls” 15 seconds at a time. If the engine does unless the clutch pedal is fully de- section of this manual. not start, turn the key off and wait 10 pressed. seconds before cranking again, otherwise 3. Crank the engine with your foot off the the starter could be damaged. accelerator pedal by turning the ignition 4. Allow the engine to idle for at least 30 sec- key to START. Release the key when the onds after starting. Drive at moderate speed engine starts. If the engine starts, but fails to for a short distance first, especially in cold run, repeat the above procedure. weather. Starting and driving 5-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/05/03—tmchalpi ੭
  • DRIVING THE VEHICLEAUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION (if so The automatic transmission in your vehicle is The shift selector lever can be moved if theequipped) electronically controlled to produce maximum ignition switch is in the ACC position. This power and smooth operation. allows the vehicle to be moved if the bat- tery is discharged. The shift selector lever WARNING The recommended operating procedures for this can also be moved if the ignition switch is● Do not depress the accelerator pedal transmission are shown on the following pages. in the ON position and the foot brake pedal while shifting from P (Park) or N (Neu- Follow these procedures for maximum vehicle is depressed. tral) to R (Reverse), D (Drive), 2 or 1. performance and driving enjoyment. Always depress the brake pedal until shifting is completed. Failure to do so Starting the vehicle could cause you to lose control and 1. After starting the engine, fully depress the have an accident. foot brake pedal before attempting to move● Cold engine idle speed is high, so use the shift selector lever out of the P (Park) caution when shifting into a forward or position. reverse gear before the engine has 2. Keep the foot brake pedal depressed and warmed up. move the shift selector lever into a driving● Never shift to P (Park) or R (Reverse) gear. while the vehicle is moving. This could 3. Release the foot brake, then gradually start cause an accident. the vehicle in motion. CAUTION The automatic transmission is designed so the foot brake pedal MUST be depressed● When stopping the vehicle on an uphill before shifting from P (Park) to any drive grade, do not hold the vehicle by de- position while the ignition switch is in the pressing the accelerator pedal. The foot ON position. brake should be used for this purpose. The shift selector lever cannot be moved● On slippery roads, do not downshift. out of P (Park) and into any of the other This may cause a loss of control. gear positions if the ignition key is turned to the LOCK position or if the key is re- moved.5-10 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 3. Reinsert the key and turn it to the ACC WARNING position. Apply the parking brake if the selector lever is in any position while the engine is 4. Depress the foot brake pedal and move the not running. Failure to do so could cause shift selector lever to N (Neutral). the vehicle to move unexpectedly or roll 5. Start the engine. away and result in serious personal injury or property damage. These instructions for starting the vehicle in N (Neutral) should only be used until service can be P (Park): obtained at a NISSAN dealership. Use this selector position when the vehicle is R (Reverse): parked or when starting the engine. Make sure the vehicle is completely stopped. The brake Use this position to back up. Make sure the pedal must be depressed and the selector vehicle is completely stopped before selecting R WSD0061 lever button pushed in to move the selector (Reverse) position. The brake pedal must beTo move the selector lever: lever from the N (Neutral) or any drive po- depressed and the selector lever button sition to P (Park). Apply the parking brake. pushed in to move the selector lever from P : Depress the button to shift (Park), N (Neutral) or any drive position to R When parking on a hill, apply the parking brake : Shift without pushing button first, then shift the selector lever into the P (Park) (Reverse). position. N (Neutral):Shifting Shifting from P (Park) Neither forward nor reverse gear is engaged. TheAfter starting the engine, fully depress the brake If the ignition switch is in the ON position and the engine can be started in this position. You maypedal and shift the selector lever from P (Park) to foot brake pedal is depressed, but the shift se- shift to N (Neutral) and restart a stalled engineR (Reverse), N (Neutral) or D (Drive). lector lever still cannot be moved out of P (Park), while the vehicle is moving.Push the shift selector lever button to shift into P follow these instructions. D (Drive):(Park), R (Reverse) or from D (Drive) to 2. Allother positions can be selected without pushing 1. Turn the ignition key to the LOCK position. Use this position for all normal forward driving.the button. 2. Apply the parking brake. Starting and driving 5-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 2 (Second gear): Shift lock releaseUse this position for hill climbing or engine brak- If the battery is discharged, the shift selector levering on downhill grades. may not be moved from the P (Park) position evenDo not shift into the 2 position at speeds above with the brake pedal depressed and the shift60 MPH (96 km/h). Do not exceed 60 MPH (96 selector lever button pushed.km/h) in the 2 position. To move the shift selector lever, release the shift1 (Low gear): lock and push the shift selector lever button. The shift selector lever can be moved to N (Neutral).Use this position when climbing steep hills slowlyor driving slowing through deep snow, sand or However, the steering wheel will be locked un-mud, or for maximum engine braking on steep less the ignition switch is turned to the ON posi-downhill grades. tion.Do not shift into the 1 position at speeds above To release the shift lock, complete the following31 MPH (50 km/h). Do not exceed 31 MPH (50 procedure:km/h) in the 1 position. 1. Turn the ignition key to the LOCK position and remove the key. 2. Apply the parking brake. 3. Remove the shift lock cover ᭺. A 4. Insert a small screwdriver in the shift lock slot, and push down ᭺. B 5. Push the shift selector lever button ᭺ and C move the shift selector lever to N (Neutral) position ᭺ while holding down the shift D lock. 6. Turn the key to the ON position to unlock the steering wheel. Now the vehicle may be WSD0062 moved to the desired location.5-12 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • If the shift selector lever cannot be moved out of OFF: For driving up and down longP (Park), have a NISSAN dealer check the auto- slopes where engine braking is nec-matic transmission system as soon as possible. essary push the Overdrive switchAccelerator downshift once. The O/D OFF indicator light— in D position — in the instrument panel comes on at this time.For passing or hill climbing, depress the accel-erator pedal to the floor. This shifts the transmis- When cruising at a low speed or climbing asion down into a lower gear, depending on the gentle slope, you may feel uncomfortable shiftvehicle speed. shocks as the transmission shifts between third gear and Overdrive repeatedly. In this case, de- press the Overdrive switch to turn the Overdrive off. The O/D OFF indicator light in the instrument WSD0063 panel comes on at this time. Overdrive switch When driving conditions change, depress the Overdrive switch to turn the Overdrive on. Each time your vehicle is started, the transmis- sion is automatically “reset” to overdrive ON. Remember not to drive at high speeds for ex- tended periods of time with the Overdrive off. ON: With the engine running and the This reduces fuel economy. shift selector lever in the D (Drive) position, the transmission upshifts MANUAL TRANSMISSION into Overdrive as vehicle speed increases. WARNING ● Do not downshift abruptly on slippery Overdrive does not engage until the engine roads. This may cause a loss of control. has reached operating temperature. ● Do not over-rev the engine when shift- ing to a lower gear. This may cause a loss of control or engine damage. Starting and driving 5-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • If it is difficult to move the shift lever into R CAUTION (Reverse) or 1 (First), shift into N (Neutral), then● Do not rest your foot on the clutch pedal release the clutch pedal. Depress the clutch while driving. This may cause clutch pedal again and shift into R (Reverse) or 1 (First). damage. If your vehicle is equipped with 4-wheel drive, see● Fully depress the clutch pedal before “ Transfer case shifting procedures for shifting to help prevent transmission four-wheel drive vehicles” later in this section. damage. Suggested upshift speeds● Stop your vehicle completely before shifting into R (Reverse). The following are suggested vehicle speeds for shifting into a higher gear. These suggestions● When the vehicle is stopped with the relate to fuel economy and vehicle performance. engine running (for example, at a stop Actual upshift speeds will vary according to road light), shift to N (Neutral) and release conditions, the weather and individual driving the clutch pedal with the foot brake WSD0064 habits. applied. Shifting ● Two-wheel drive models and four-wheel To change gears, or when upshifting or down- drive models (2H and 4H position): shifting, depress the clutch pedal fully, shift into GEAR CHANGE MPH (km/h) the appropriate gear, then release the clutch slowly and smoothly. 1st to 2nd 15 (24) Start the vehicle in 1st gear and shift to 2nd, 3rd 2nd to 3rd 25 (40) and 4th up to 5th gear in sequence according to 3rd to 4th 40 (64) vehicle speed. 4th to 5th 45 (72) You cannot shift directly from 5th gear into R (Reverse). First shift into N (Neutral), then into R (Reverse).5-14 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • PARKING BRAKE ● 4–wheel drive model (4L position): 4–wheel drive models WARNING GEAR CHANGE MPH (km/h) 2H/4H position ● Be sure the parking brake is fully re- 1st to 2nd 8 (13) GEAR CHANGE MPH (km/h) leased before driving. Failure to do so 2nd to 3rd 12 (19) 1st 25 (40) can cause brake failure and lead to an accident. 3rd to 4th 20 (32) 2nd 43 (69) 4th to 5th 22 (35) ● Do not release the parking brake from 3rd 68 (109) outside the vehicle.Suggested maximum speed in each 4th — ● Do not use the gear shift in place of thegear 5th — parking brake. When parking, be sureDownshift to a lower gear if the engine is not 4L position the parking brake is fully engaged.running smoothly, or if you need to accelerate. GEAR CHANGE MPH (km/h) ● Do not leave children unattended in a vehicle. They could release the parkingDo not exceed the maximum suggested speed 1st 12 (19) brake and cause an accident.(shown below) in any gear. For level road driving, 2nd 22 (35)use the highest gear suggested for that speed. 3rd 30 (48)Always observe posted speed limits, and drive 4th —according to the road conditions, which will en-sure safe operation. Do not over-rev the engine 5th —when shifting to a lower gear as it may causeengine damage or loss of vehicle control.Allowable maximum speed in each gear:2–wheel drive models GEAR CHANGE MPH (km/h) 1st 30 (48) 2nd 55 (88) 3rd 80 (129) 4th — 5th — Starting and driving 5-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • CRUISE CONTROL (if so equipped) ● The SET indicator light may blink when the cruise control main switch is turned ON while pushing the RES/ACCEL, COAST/SET, or CANCEL switch (located on the steering wheel). To properly set the cruise control sys- tem, use the following procedures. WARNING Do not use the cruise control when driving under the following conditions: ● When it is not possible to keep the vehicle at a set speed. WSD0065 WSD0066 ● In heavy traffic or in traffic that varies in speed.To engage: Firmly depress the parking brake 1. Cruise control main switch᭺. A 2. RES/ACCEL switch ● On winding or hilly roads.To release: 3. CANCEL switch ● On slippery roads (rain, snow, ice, etc.). 4. COAST/SET switch ● In very windy areas. 1. Firmly apply the foot brake. 2. Manual transmission models: PRECAUTIONS ON CRUISE Doing so could cause a loss of vehicle control and result in an accident. Place the shift lever in the N (Neutral) position. CONTROL Automatic transmission models: ● If the cruise control system malfunctions, it Move the shift selector lever to the P (Park) cancels automatically. The SET indicator position. light in the instrument panel then blinks to 3. Pull out the parking brake release lever ᭺. B warn the driver. 4. Before driving, be sure the brake warning ● If the SET indicator light blinks, turn the light goes out. cruise control main switch off and have the system checked by a NISSAN dealer.5-16 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/05/03—tmchalpi ੭
  • To cancel the preset speed, use one of the ● Push and hold the RES/ACCEL switch. CAUTION following three methods. When the vehicle attains the speed you de-On manual transmission models, do not sire, release the switch.shift into N (Neutral) without depressing ● Push the CANCEL button; the SET indicatorthe clutch pedal when the cruise control is light in the instrument panel goes out. ● Push and release the RES/ACCEL switch.set. Should this occur, depress the clutch Each time you do this, the set speed in- ● Tap the brake pedal; the SET indicator light creases by about 1 MPH (1.6 km/h).pedal and turn the main switch off imme- goes out.diately. Failure to do so may cause engine To reset at a slower cruising speed, use onedamage. ● Turn the main switch off. Both the CRUISE of the following three methods. indicator light and SET indicator light in theCRUISE CONTROL OPERATIONS instrument panel go out. ● Lightly tap the brake pedal. When the ve- hicle attains the desired speed, push theThe cruise control allows driving at a speed be- The cruise control is automatically canceled and COAST/SET switch and release it.tween 25 - 90 MPH (40 - 144 km/h) without the SET light in the instrument panel goes out if:keeping your foot on the accelerator pedal. ● Push and hold the COAST/SET switch. Re- ● you depress the brake or clutch pedal while lease the switch when the vehicle slows toTo turn on the cruise control, push the main pushing the RES/ACCEL or COAST/SET the desired speed.switch. The CRUISE indicator light in the instru- switch. The preset speed is deleted from ● Push and release the COAST/SET switch.ment panel comes on. memory. Each time you do this, the set speed de-To set cruising speed, accelerate the vehicle to creases by about 1 MPH (1.6 km/h).the desired speed, push the COAST/SET switch ● the vehicle slows down more than 8 MPHand release it. The SET indicator light in the (13 km/h) below the set speed. To resume the preset speed, push and re-instrument panel comes on. Take your foot off the ● you depress the clutch pedal (manual trans- lease the RES/ACCEL switch. The vehicle re-accelerator pedal. Your vehicle maintains the set turns to the last set cruising speed when the mission), or move the shift selector lever to Nspeed. vehicle speed is over 25 MPH (40 km/h). (Neutral) (automatic transmission). ● To pass another vehicle, depress the ac- To reset at a faster cruising speed, use one celerator pedal. When you release the pedal, of the following three methods. the vehicle returns to the previously set speed. ● Depress the accelerator pedal. When the ● The vehicle may not maintain the set speed vehicle attains the desired speed, push and when going up or down steep hills. If this happens, drive without the cruise control. release the COAST/SET switch. Starting and driving 5-17 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • BREAK-IN SCHEDULE INCREASING FUEL ECONOMYDuring the first 1,200 miles (2,000 km), follow ● Accelerate slowly and smoothly. Maintain ● Use 4H or 4L position only whenthese recommendations to obtain maximum en- cruising speeds with a constant accelerator necessary. Four-wheel drive operation low-gine performance and ensure the future reliability position. ers fuel economy.and economy of your new vehicle. Failure tofollow these recommendations may result in ● Drive at moderate speeds on the highway.shortened engine life and reduced engine perfor- Driving at high speed lowers fuel economy.mance. ● Avoid unnecessary stopping and braking. ● Avoid driving for long periods at constant Maintain a safe distance behind other ve- speed, either fast or slow, and do not run the hicles. engine over 4,000 rpm. ● Use a proper gear range which suits road ● Do not accelerate at full throttle in any gear. conditions. On level roads, shift into high gear as soon as possible. ● Avoid quick starts. ● Avoid unnecessary engine idling. ● Avoid hard braking as much as possible. ● Keep your engine tuned up. ● Do not tow a trailer for the first 500 miles (800 km). ● Follow the recommended periodic mainte- nance schedule. ● Keep the tires inflated to the correct pres- sure. Low tire pressure increases tire wear and lowers fuel economy. ● Keep the front wheels in correct alignment. Improper alignment increases tire wear and lowers fuel economy. ● Air conditioner operation lowers fuel economy. Use the air conditioner only when necessary. ● When cruising at highway speeds, it is more economical to use the air conditioner and leave the windows closed to reduce drag.5-18 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • USING FOUR WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) ● Do not leave the transfer control lever in 4H — (4WD, high range) Four wheels are driven. the N (Neutral) position. Otherwise, the Use when driving on roads where it is difficult to vehicle could roll unexpectedly even if drive in the 2H position (for example, driving at the manual transmission is in any gear normal speeds on snow covered, icy, wet, muddy or the automatic transmission is in the or sandy roads). P (Park) position. If the ATP light is on, The 4H position provides greater power and this indicates that the automatic trans- traction. Avoid excessive speed as it will cause mission P position will not function and increased fuel consumption, higher oil tempera- the transfer control lever is in the N ture and could damage drivetrain components. position. Speed over 50 MPH (80 km/h) in 4H are not ● Failure to engage the transfer control recommended. lever in 2H, 4H or 4L could result in the 4L — (4WD, low range) Four wheels are driven. vehicle moving unexpectedly, which Use when climbing or descending steep hills, or WSD0067 could cause serious personal injury or during hard driving in sand, mud or deep snow. property damage. The 4L position provides maximum power andTo move the transfer case lever: traction. Avoid raising vehicle speed excessively, : Push down on the lever to shift CAUTION as the maximum speed is approximately 30 MPH (48 km/h). : Shift without pushing down on the lever Do not drive on dry hard surface roads in four-wheel drive. Driving on dry hard sur- N — No wheels are driven. Always keep theTRANSFER CASE SHIFTING faces in 4H or 4L may cause unnecessary transfer lever out of the N (Neutral) position. ShiftPROCEDURES noise, tire wear, and increased fuel con- the lever quickly and smoothly when moving sumption. NISSAN recommends driving in across the N (Neutral) position with the vehicle WARNING the 2H position under these conditions. stopped.● When parking always make sure the 2H — (2WD, high range) Only the rear wheels transfer control lever is in the 2H, 4H or are driven. Use for driving under the same condi- 4L position and the parking brake is tions as standard 2WD vehicles or state dyna- applied. mometer I/M testing. Starting and driving 5-19 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Accelerating quickly from a stop after ● When shifting into or out of four-wheel shifting from two-wheel drive to four- drive while driving, do not stop shift wheel drive may not allow engagement lever movement midway. An incomplete of the auto-locking free-running hubs shift may cause a clattering noise from and may cause a clattering noise. If this the auto-locking hubs. Continued use occurs, release the accelerator pedal to of the vehicle with this noise may dam- reduce the engine speed or stop the age the hub lock. Drive in four-wheel vehicle. Continued use of the vehicle drive to stop the noise. Shift to two- with this noise may damage the hub wheel drive as described. lock. For Automatic transmission models: ● If the auto-locking hubs make a clatter- ing noise after shifting from four-wheel When moving the transfer lever from 4H or 4L to drive to two-wheel drive, stop and move 4L or 4H, you must always move it quickly the vehicle in reverse gear, in a straight through the N position. If you are slow to shift, the SD0021 engine idle speed will allow the transfer gears to line, about 7 to 10 feet (2 to 3 m). AUTO-LOCK FREE- speed up and gear clashing will occur. ● Under extremely cold conditions [below RUNNING HUBS 5°F (-15°C)], the front axle shafts may Do not move the transfer lever from 4H or 4L to rotate even with the transfer lever in the 4L or 4H, from 2H to 4L and from 4L to 2H withThe auto-lock free-running hub is designed to 2H position. If this occurs, the auto- the engine turned off. Otherwise, you may haveallow for automatic four-wheel drive engagement difficulty in moving the transfer lever to the de-when the shift lever is moved to the 4H or 4L locking hubs may make a clattering noise. To avoid this, drive first in four- sired position.position. Follow these operational cautions: wheel drive to warm up the vehicle and Do not leave the transfer lever in the N position differential gear oil. Then, shift to two- with the engine running. Stopping with the trans- CAUTION wheel drive. fer case in the N position may cause gear grind-● The auto-locking hubs will make a ing when selecting another gear. Changing the ● In cold weather, it may be necessary to clicking noise when engaging and dis- transfer case gear quickly and smoothly will elimi- reduce speed or stop the vehicle in or- engaging. This is normal. nate this. der to shift from two-wheel drive to four-wheel drive.5-20 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • TO SHIFT SHIFT PROCEDURE FOR AUTO-LOCK FREE RUNNING HUBS TRANSFER CASEFrom 2H to 4H Move the transfer case shift lever to 4H at speeds below 25 MPH (40 km/h). It is not necessary to depress the clutch pedal. Perform this operation when driving straight, not while cornering. 1. Move the transfer case shift lever to 2H. This can be done at any speed, and it is not necessary to depress the clutch pedal. Perform this operation when driving straight, not while cornering. 2. Disengage the AUTO-LOCK hubs following the procedure outlined below. NOTE: The 4WD indicator light may not turn off immediately under certain driving conditions, such as when the vehicle is driven uphill. This is normal and it will shut off as the vehicle is driven further. AUTO-LOCK HUB DISENGAGEMENT (FREE MODE)From 4H to 2H The AUTO-LOCK hubs will not disengage until the vehicle is completely stopped and is then moved in a straight line, approximately 7-10 ft (2-3 m), in the opposite direction of travel. For example: If you were driving the vehicle forward, stop and move the vehicle 7-10 ft (2-3 m) backward. If you were driving the vehicle in reverse, stop and move the vehicle 7-10 ft (2-3 m) forward. It is not necessary to immediately return the AUTO-LOCK hubs to FREE MODE when shifting from 4H to 2H. The vehicle may be operated under normal 2H conditions with the AUTO-LOCK hubs engaged. However, disengaging the AUTO-LOCK hubs will allow for better fuel economy, quieter ride and less com- ponent wear. Leaving the hubs locked while driving in 2H may be desirable so that you can easily shift to 4H at speeds greater than 25 MPH (40 km/h). 1. Stop the vehicle.From 4H to 4L or 4L to Keep the engine running.4H 2. Depress the clutch pedal, or place the transmission selector lever in the N (Neutral) position. 3. Depress the transfer case shift lever and move it to the 4L or 4H position. Change gears quickly and smoothly. 1. Stop the vehicle. Keep the engine running.From 2H to 4L 2. Depress the clutch pedal, or place the transmission selector lever in the N (Neutral) position. 3. Depress the transfer case shift lever and move it to the 4L position. Change gears quickly and smoothly. 1. Stop the vehicle. Keep the engine running.From 4L to 2H 2. Depress the clutch pedal, or place the transmission selector lever in the N (Neutral) position. 3. Depress the transfer case shift lever and move it to the 2H position. Change gears quickly and smoothly. 4. Disengage the AUTO-LOCK hubs following the procedure outlined above. Starting and driving 5-21 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • PARKING/PARKING ON HILLS ● Safe parking procedures require that both the parking brake be set and the transmission placed into P (Park) for automatic transmission models or in an appropriate gear for manual transmis- sion models. Failure to do so could cause the vehicle to move unexpectedly or roll away and result in an accident. Make sure the shift lever has been pushed as far forward as it can go and cannot be moved without depressing the foot brake pedal. ● Never leave the engine running while WSD0050 the vehicle is unattended. ● Do not leave children unattended inside ● Never place the transfer control lever in the vehicle. They could unknowingly ac- WARNING the N (Neutral) position. Otherwise, the tivate switches or controls. Unattended● Do not stop or park the vehicle over vehicle could roll unexpectedly even if children could become involved in seri- flammable materials such as dry grass, the manual transmission is in gear or ous accidents. waste paper or rags. They may ignite the automatic transmission is in the P (Park) position. This could result in se- ● If the ATP lamp is ON, this indicates that and cause a fire. rious injury or property damage. the automatic transmission P (Park) po-● The transfer control lever must sition will not function and the transfer be in the 2H, 4H or 4L position and the control shift lever is in the N (Neutral) parking brake set to prevent the vehicle position. Failure to engage the transfer from rolling. control lever in the 2H, 4H or 4L position could result in the vehicle moving unex- pectedly, resulting in serious personal injury or property damage. 1. Firmly apply the parking brake.5-22 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • POWER STEERING BRAKE SYSTEM2. Manual transmission models: The power assisted steering is designed to use a The brake system has two separate hydraulic hydraulic pump, driven by the engine, to assist circuits. If one circuit malfunctions, you will still Place the shift lever in the R (Reverse) posi- steering. have braking at two wheels. tion. When parking on an uphill grade, place the shift lever in 1st gear. If the engine stops or the drive belt breaks, you BRAKE PRECAUTIONS will still have control of the vehicle. However, Automatic transmission models: much greater steering effort is needed, especially Vacuum assisted brakes Move the shift selector lever to the P (Park) in sharp turns and at low speeds. position. The brake booster aids braking by using engine WARNING vacuum. If the engine stops, you can stop the3. To help prevent the vehicle from rolling into vehicle by depressing the brake pedal. However, traffic when parked on an incline, it is a good If the engine is not running or is turned off greater foot pressure on the brake pedal will be practice to turn the wheels as illustrated. while driving, the power assist for the required to stop the vehicle and stopping dis- steering will not work. Steering will be● HEADED DOWNHILL WITH CURB: ᭺ 1 tance will be longer. much harder to operate. Turn the wheels into the curb and move the Using the brakes vehicle forward until the curb side wheel gently touches the curb. Avoid resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving. This will overheat the brakes, wear out the● HEADED UPHILL WITH CURB: ᭺ 2 brake linings and pads faster, and reduce gas Turn the wheels away from the curb and mileage. move the vehicle back until the curb side To help reduce brake wear and to prevent the wheel gently touches the curb. brakes from overheating, reduce speed and● HEADED UPHILL OR DOWNHILL, NO downshift to a lower gear before going down a CURB: ᭺ 3 slope or long grade. Overheated brakes may Turn the wheels toward the side of the road reduce braking performance and could result in so the vehicle will move away from the cen- loss of vehicle control. ter of the road if it moves.4. Turn the ignition key to the LOCK position and remove the key. Starting and driving 5-23 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/05/03—tmchalpi ੭
  • prevent each wheel from locking and sliding. By properly. However, the pulsation may indicate WARNING preventing wheel lockup, the system helps the that road conditions are hazardous and extra care● While driving on a slippery surface, be driver maintain steering control and helps to mini- is required while driving. careful when braking, accelerating or mize swerving and spinning on slippery surfaces. downshifting. Abrupt braking or accel- Self-test feature erating could cause the wheels to skid Using the system The anti-lock brake system consists of electronic and result in an accident. Depress the brake pedal and hold it down. sensors and hydraulic solenoids controlled by a● If the engine is not running or is turned computer. The computer has a built-in diagnostic off while driving, the power assist for WARNING feature that tests the system each time you start the brakes will not work. Braking will be the engine and move the vehicle at a low speed in harder. Do not pump the brake pedal. Doing so may result in increased stopping forward or reverse. When the self-test occurs, distances. you may hear a ‘‘clunk’’ noise and/or feel a pulsa-Wet brakes tion in the brake pedal. This is normal and is notWhen the vehicle is washed or driven through Normal operation an indication of any malfunction. If the computerwater, the brakes may get wet. As a result, your senses any malfunction, it switches the anti-lockbraking distance will be longer and the vehicle The anti-lock brake system does not operate at brake system off and turns on the ABS brakemay pull to one side during braking. speeds below 3 - 6 MPH (5 - 10 km/h). (The warning light on the instrument panel. The brake speeds vary according to road conditions.) system then operates normally, but without anti-To dry the brakes, drive the vehicle at a safe When driving, the anti-lock brake system con- lock assistance.speed while lightly pressing the brake pedal toheat up the brakes. Do this until the brakes return trols the wheels so they will not lock when brak- If a malfunction occurs in the system, the anti-to normal. Avoid driving the vehicle at high ing abruptly or when braking on a slippery road. lock function will not operate, but the standard Thus, difficult steering and swerving of the ve- vehicle brake system will continue to operatespeeds until the brakes function correctly. hicle due to locked wheels is minimized. The normally. The ABS brake warning light will thenANTI-LOCK BRAKE SYSTEM (ABS) system detects the wheel rotation rate and elec- come on. tronically controls the pressure applied to eachThe anti-lock brake system controls the brakes at brake. Slight vibration on the brake pedal accom- If the light comes on during the self-test or whileeach wheel so the wheels do not lock when panied by noise usually occurs while the ABS driving, take the vehicle to a NISSAN dealer forbraking abruptly or when braking on slippery sur- system is operating. Such vibration and noise repair.faces. The system detects the rotation speed at encountered during abrupt braking is not a prob-each wheel and varies the brake fluid pressure to lem, but indicates that the system is functioning5-24 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • VEHICLE DYNAMIC CONTROL (VDC) SYSTEM (if so equipped) ● When installing a spare tire, make sure When driving on slippery surfaces or suddenly WARNING it is the proper size and type as speci- avoiding obstacles on roads, the vehicle might● The anti-lock brake system is a sophis- fied on the tire placard. For tire placard swerve or slip. With the Vehicle Dynamic Control ticated device, but it cannot prevent ac- location information, refer to “Tire plac- (VDC) system, sensors detect these movements cidents resulting from careless or dan- ard” in the “Technical and consumer and control the braking and engine output to help gerous driving techniques. It can help information” section of this manual. improve vehicle stability while driving. maintain vehicle control during braking on slippery surfaces, but remember that ● Refer to “Wheels and tires” in the ● When the vehicle dynamic control system is the stopping distance on slippery sur- “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” sec- operating, the slip indicator in the instrument faces will be longer than on normal tion of this manual. panel blinks. surfaces even with the anti-lock brake system. Stopping distances may also ● When only the traction control system por- be longer on rough, gravel or snow cov- tion of the vehicle dynamic control system is ered roads, or if you are using tire operating, the slip indicator will also blink. chains. Tire type and condition may also ● If the slip indicator blinks, the vehicle is un- affect braking effectiveness. Always der slippery conditions. Be sure to drive maintain a safe distance from the ve- carefully. See “Slip indicator light”, and “Ve- hicle in front of you. Ultimately, the re- hicle dynamic control off indicator light” in sponsibility for safety of self and others the “Instruments and controls” section. rests in the hands of the driver. ● Indicator light● Tire type and condition of tires may also If malfunction occurs in the system, the affect braking effectiveness. and indicator lights come on in the● When replacing tires, install the speci- instrument panel. fied size of tires on all four wheels. As long as these warning lights are on, the traction control function is canceled. The VDC system uses a Brake Limited Slip Dif- ferential (LSD) system to improve vehicle trac- tion. The brake LSD system works when one of the driving wheels is spinning on a slippery sur- face. The brake LSD system brakes the spinning Starting and driving 5-25 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • wheel which distributes the driving power to the ● The vehicle dynamic control system is WARNINGother drive wheel. If the vehicle is operated with not a substitute for winter tires or tirethe vehicle dynamic control system off, all VDC ● The vehicle dynamic control system is chains on a snow covered road.and TCS functions will be turned off. The brake designed to help improve driving stabil-LSD system and ABS will still operate with the ity but does not prevent accidents dueVDC system OFF. If the brake LSD system or the to abrupt steering operation at highABS is activated, the slip indicator light will blink speeds or by careless or dangerousand you may hear a clunk noise and/or feel a driving techniques. Reduce vehicle speed and be especially careful whenpulsation in the brake pedal. This is normal. driving and cornering on slippery sur-While the VDC system is operating, you may feel faces and always drive carefully.a pulsation in the brake pedal and hear a noise or ● If suspension parts such as shock ab-vibration from under the hood. This is normal and sorbers, struts, springs and bushingsindicates that the VDC system is working prop- are not standard equipment or are ex-erly. tremely deteriorated, the vehicle dy-The computer has a built in diagnostic feature namic control off indicator light maythat tests the system each time you start the come on.engine and move the vehicle forward or in reverse ● When driving on extremely inclined sur-at a slow speed. When the self-test occurs, you faces such as higher banked corners,may hear a clunk noise and/or feel a pulsation in the vehicle dynamic control system maythe brake pedal. This is normal and is not an not operate properly or the vehicle dy-indication of a malfunction. namic control off indicator light may come on. Do not drive on these types of roads. ● If the tires other than the recommended ones are used, the vehicle dynamic con- trol system may not operate properly or the vehicle dynamic control off indica- tor light may come on.5-26 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • COLD WEATHER DRIVINGFREEING A FROZEN DOOR LOCK For details, see ‘‘Changing engine coolant’’ in the the tires on your vehicle and are installed ‘‘Maintenance and do-it-yourself’’ section of this according to the chain manufacturer’s sug-To prevent a door lock from freezing, apply de- manual. gestions. Use only SAE Class “S”icer through the key hole. If the lock becomes chains. Class “S” chains are used on ve-frozen, heat the key before inserting it into the key TIRE EQUIPMENT hicles with restricted tire to vehicle clear-hole. 1. SUMMER tires have a tread designed to ance. Vehicles that can use Class “S” chains provide superior performance on dry pave- are designed to meet the minimum clear-ANTI-FREEZE ances between the tire and the closest ve- ment. However, the performance of theseIn the winter when it is anticipated that the tem- tires will be substantially reduced in snowy hicle suspension or body component re-perature will drop below 32°F (0°C), check the and icy conditions. If you operate your ve- quired to accommodate the use of a winteranti-freeze (ethylene glycol base) to assure hicle on snowy or icy roads, NISSAN recom- traction device (tire chains or cables). The mends the use of MUD & SNOW or ALL minimum clearances are determined usingproper winter protection. For details, see ‘‘Engine SEASON TIRES on all four wheels. Please the factory equipped tire size. Other typescooling system’’ in the ‘‘Maintenance and do-it- consult a NISSAN dealer for the tire type, may damage your vehicle. Use chain ten-yourself’’ section of this manual. sioners when recommended by the tire size, speed rating and availability informa-BATTERY tion. chain manufacturer to ensure a tight fit. Loose end links of the tire chain must beIf the battery is not fully charged during extremely 2. For additional traction on icy roads, studded secured or removed to prevent the possibil-cold weather conditions, the battery fluid may tires may be used. However, some U.S. ity of whipping action damage to the fendersfreeze and damage the battery. To maintain maxi- states and Canadian provinces prohibit their or underbody. If possible, avoid fully loadingmum efficiency, the battery should be checked use. Check local, state and provincial laws your vehicle when using tire chains. In addi-regularly. For details, see ‘‘Battery’’ in the ‘‘Main- before installing studded tires. tion, drive at a reduced speed. Otherwise,tenance and do-it-yourself’’ section of this Skid and traction capabilities of studded your vehicle may be damaged and/or vehiclemanual. snow tires on wet or dry surfaces may be handling and performance may be adversely poorer than that of non-studded snow tires. affected.DRAINING OF COOLANT WATER Never install tire chains on spare tires. Do 3. Tire chains may be used.If the vehicle is to be left outside without anti- not use tire chains on dry roads.freeze, drain the cooling system, including the Use of tire chains may be prohibited accord-engine block. Refill before operating the vehicle. ing to location. Check the local laws before installing tire chains. When installing tire chains, make sure they are of proper size for Starting and driving 5-27 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • SPECIAL WINTER EQUIPMENT ● Allow more stopping distance under WARNINGIt is recommended that the following items be these conditions. Braking should be started sooner than on dry pavement. Do not use your heater with an un-carried in the vehicle during winter: grounded electrical system or two- ● Allow greater following distances on pronged (cheater) adapters. You can be ● A scraper and stiff-bristled brush to remove slippery roads. injured by an electrical shock if you use an ice and snow from the windows and wiper ● Watch for slippery spots (glare ice). ungrounded connection. blades. These may appear on an otherwise ● A sturdy, flat board to be placed under the clear road in shaded areas. If a patch of jack to give it firm support. ice is seen ahead, brake before reach- ● A shovel to dig the vehicle out of snowdrifts. ing it. Try not to brake while on the ice, and avoid any sudden steering ● Extra window washer fluid to refill the reser- maneuvers. voir tank. ● Do not use the cruise control on slip-DRIVING ON SNOW OR ICE pery roads. ● Snow can trap dangerous exhaust WARNING gases under your vehicle. Keep snow● Wet ice (32°F, 0°C and freezing rain), clear of the exhaust pipe and from very cold snow or ice can be slick and around your vehicle. very hard to drive on. The vehicle will have much less traction or “grip” under ENGINE BLOCK HEATER (if so these conditions. Try to avoid driving on equipped) wet ice until the road is salted or An engine block heater to assist in extreme cold sanded. temperature starting is available through a● Whatever the condition, drive with cau- NISSAN dealer. tion. Accelerate and slow down with care. If accelerating or downshifting too fast, the drive wheels will lose even more traction.5-28 Starting and driving ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 6 In case of emergencyFirst aid kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2 Push starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11Flat tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2 If your vehicle overheats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12 Low tire pressure warning system Towing your vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13 (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2 Towing recommended by NISSAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13 Changing a flat tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3 Vehicle recovery (freeing a stuck vehicle) . . . . . . . . . 6-15Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9 Flat towing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • FIRST AID KIT FLAT TIRE LOW TIRE PRESSURE WARNING SYSTEM (if so equipped) The low tire pressure warning system monitors tire pressure of all tires (except the spare tire). If the vehicle is being driven with a flat tire or extremely low tire pressure (lower than 10 psi, 70 kPa), the low tire pressure warning system will activate and warn you of it by the low tire pressure warning light. This system will activate only when the vehicle is driven at speeds above 20 MPH (32 km/h). For more details, please refer to “Warning/indicator lights and audible reminders” in the “Instruments and controls” section, and WCE0057 “Low tire pressure warning system” in the “Start-A first aid kit is located on the back door trim ing and driving” section.panel. To remove the first aid kit:᭺1 Squeeze the latch buttons.᭺2 Pull the two straps apart to unfasten.6-2 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WARNING CHANGING A FLAT TIRE 5. Raise the hood to warn other traffic and to signal professional road assistance person-● If the low tire pressure warning light If you have a flat tire, follow the instructions be- nel that you need assistance. flashes while driving, avoid sudden low. steering maneuvers or abrupt braking, 6. Have all passengers get out of the vehicle reduce vehicle speed, pull off the road Stopping the vehicle and stand in a safe place, away from traffic to a safe location and stop the vehicle and clear of the vehicle. 1. Safely move the vehicle off the road and as soon as possible. Serious vehicle away from traffic. damage could occur and may lead to an WARNING accident and could result in serious 2. Turn on the hazard warning flashers. ● Make sure the parking brake is securely personal injury. Check the tire pressure applied and the manual transmission is 3. Park on a level surface and apply the parking for all four tires and adjust the pressure shifted into R (Reverse), or the auto- brake. Shift the manual transmission into R to the COLD tire pressure shown on the matic transmission into P (Park). tire placard. If you have a flat tire, re- (Reverse), or the automatic transmission place it with a spare tire as soon as into P (Park). ● Never change tires when the vehicle is possible. on a slope, ice or slippery areas. This is WARNING hazardous.● When a spare tire is mounted or a wheel is replaced, tire pressure will not be ● The transfer control lever must ● Never change tires if oncoming traffic is indicated and the low tire pressure be in the 2H, 4H or 4L position. close to your vehicle. Wait for profes- warning system will not function. Con- sional road assistance. ● Do not leave the transfer control lever in tact your NISSAN dealer as soon as the N (Neutral) position. Otherwise, the ● When a spare tire is mounted or a wheel possible for tire replacement and/or vehicle could roll unexpectedly even if is replaced, the low tire pressure warn- system resetting. the manual transmission is in any gear ing system will not function. Contact● Do not inject any tire liquid or aerosol or the automatic transmission is in the your NISSAN dealer as soon possible tire sealant into the tires, as this may P (Park) position. This could result in for tire replacement and/or system re- cause a malfunction of the tire pressure serious personal injury or property setting. (For models with the low tire sensors. damage. pressure warning system) 4. Turn off the engine. In case of emergency 6-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WARNING Never use the tool tray as a jacking surface. WCE0044 WPD0163Blocking wheels 1. Torxdriver 2. Wheel nut wrenchPlace suitable blocks ᭺ at both the front and 1back of the wheel diagonally opposite the flat tire 3. Jack rod᭺ to prevent the vehicle from rolling when it is 2 Getting the spare tire and toolsjacked up. 1. Open the back door. WARNING 2. Roll back the cargo area carpet.Be sure to block the wheel as the vehiclemay move and result in personal injury. 3. Remove the wheel nut wrench and jack rod. 4. Unscrew the tool tray hold down and remove the tool tray. 5. Use the tool tray to store lug nuts during a tire change.6-4 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WCE0058 ACE10346. Unscrew the jack hold down and remove the 7. Find the oval-shaped opening above the jack. middle of the license plate. Pass the T-shaped end of the jack rod through the opening and direct it toward the spare tire winch, located directly above the spare tire. CAUTION Do not insert the jack rod straight as it is WCE0059 designed to be inserted at an angle as 8. Fit the square end of the jack rod into the shown. square hole of the wheel nut wrench to form a handle. In case of emergency 6-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 9. Seat the T-shaped end of the jack rod into the T-shaped opening of the tire winch. Ap- ply pressure to keep the jack rod engaged in the spare tire winch and turn the jack rod counterclockwise to lower the spare tire.10. Once the spare tire is completely lowered, reach under the vehicle, remove the retainer chain, and carefully slide the tire from under the rear of the vehicle. CAUTIONBe sure to center the spare tire suspend-ing plate on the wheel and then lift thespare tire. WCE0060 WCE0071 Type A Type B Removing wheel cover Type A: Firmly grasp the center wheel cap and turn either CAUTION clockwise or counterclockwise to remove. Do not use your hands to pry off wheel Type B: caps or wheel covers. Doing so could re- sult in personal injury. 1. Wrap the end of a screwdriver with a cloth. Remove the wheel cover as follows: 2. Pry the center wheel cap off by pushing on the handle of the screwdriver in the direction Use caution not to scratch the wheel cover or shown. wheel surface.6-6 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Do not allow passengers to stay in the vehicle while it is on the jack. ● Never run the engine with a wheel(s) off the ground. It may cause the vehicle to move. Always refer to the proper illustrations for the correct placement and jack-up points for your specific vehicle model and jack type. Carefully read the caution label attached to the jack body and the following instruc- tions. 1. Loosen each wheel nut one or two turns by WCE0061 WCE0062 turning counterclockwise with the wheel nut Front Rear wrench. Do not remove the wheel nutsJacking up vehicle and removing the ● Use the correct jack-up points. Never until the tire is off the ground.damaged tire use any other part of the vehicle for jack support. WARNING ● Never jack up the vehicle more than● Never get under the vehicle while it is necessary. supported only by the jack. ● Never use blocks on or under the jack.● Use only the jack provided with your ● Do not start or run the engine while vehicle to lift the vehicle. Do not use the vehicle is on the jack. It may cause the jack provided with your vehicle on other vehicle to move. This is especially true vehicles. The jack is designed for lifting for vehicles with limited slip differential only your vehicle during a tire change. carriers. In case of emergency 6-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/05/03—tmchalpi ੭
  • The jack should be used on firm and level ground. 3. To lift the vehicle, securely hold the jack lever and rod. Carefully raise the vehicle until the tire clears the ground. When using alternate rear jack-up point for 15 inch wheels, raise the ve- hicle so that the tire is no more than 2 inches (50 mm) off the ground. 4. Remove the wheel nuts and then remove the tire. WCE0361 WCE0063Rear (15 inch wheel alternate jack-up Installing the spare tire point) 2. Place the jack directly under the jack-up The spare tire is designed for emergency point as illustrated so the top of the jack use. See specific instructions under the contacts the vehicle at the jack-up point. heading “Wheels and tires” in the “Mainte- nance and do-it-yourself” section of this Under some conditions there will not be manual. sufficient clearance to use the primary rear jacking point on vehicles equipped with 15 1. Clean any mud or dirt from the surface be- inch wheels. If this occurs, use the alternate tween the wheel and hub. jack-up point ᭺ for vehicles equipped with 1 2. Carefully put the spare tire on and tighten 15 inch wheels. When using the alternate the wheel nuts finger tight. jack-up point, position the jack on the axle as close as possible to the tire that needs to be 3. With the wheel nut wrench, tighten wheel changed. nuts alternately and evenly as illustrated until they are tight.6-8 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/05/03—tmchalpi ੭
  • JUMP STARTING 4. Lower the vehicle slowly until the tire Adjust tire pressure to the COLD pressure. To start your engine with a booster battery, the touches the ground. Then, with the wheel instructions and precautions below must be fol- COLD pressure: After vehicle has been nut wrench, tighten the wheel nuts securely parked for three hours or more or driven lowed. in the sequence illustrated. Lower the ve- less than 1 mile (1.6 km). hicle completely. WARNING COLD tire pressures are shown on the tire placard affixed to the inside of the glove ● If done incorrectly, jump starting can WARNING lead to a battery explosion, resulting in box lid.● Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly severe injury or death. It could also tightened wheel nuts can cause the 5. Securely store the flat tire and jacking equip- damage your vehicle. wheel to become loose or come off. ment in the vehicle. ● Explosive hydrogen gas is always This could cause an accident. present in the vicinity of the battery. WARNING Keep all sparks and flames away from● Do not use oil or grease on the wheel studs or nuts. This could cause the nuts ● Always make sure that the spare tire the battery. to become loose. and jacking equipment are properly se- ● Do not allow battery fluid to come into cured after use. Such items can become● Retighten the wheel nuts when the ve- contact with eyes, skin, clothing or dangerous projectiles in an accident or hicle has been driven for 600 miles painted surfaces. Battery fluid is a cor- sudden stop. (1,000 km) (also in cases of a flat tire, rosive sulfuric acid solution which can etc.). ● The spare tire is designed for emer- cause severe burns. If the fluid should gency use. See specific instructions un- come into contact with anything, imme-As soon as possible, tighten the wheel nuts der the heading “Wheels and tires” in diately flush the contacted area withto the specified torque with a torque the “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” water.wrench. section of this manual. ● Keep battery out of the reach ofWheel nut tightening torque: children.98 ft-lb (133 N·m) ● The booster battery must be rated at 12The wheel nuts must be kept tightened to volts. Use of an improperly rated batteryspecification at all times. It is recom- can damage your vehicle.mended that wheel nuts be tightened tospecifications at each lubrication interval. In case of emergency 6-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Whenever working on or near a battery, always wear suitable eye protectors (for example, goggles or industrial safety spectacles) and remove rings, metal bands, or any other jewelry. Do not lean over the battery when jump starting.● Do not attempt to jump start a frozen battery. It could explode and cause se- rious injury.● Your vehicle has an automatic engine cooling fan. It could come on at any time. Keep hands and other objects away from it. WCE0066 2. Apply the parking brake. Move the shift lever WARNING to N (Neutral) (manual transmission) or to P Always follow the instructions below. (Park) (automatic transmission). Switch off Failure to do so could result in damage to all unnecessary electrical systems (lights, the charging system and cause personal heater, air conditioner, etc.). injury. 3. Remove vent caps on the battery (if so 1. If the booster battery is in another vehicle, equipped). Cover the battery with an old position the two vehicles to bring their bat- cloth to reduce explosion hazard. teries near each other. 4. Connect jumper cables in the sequence il- Do not allow the two vehicles to lustrated (᭺, ᭺, ᭺, ᭺). A B C D touch.6-10 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • PUSH STARTING 8. Replace the vent caps (if so equipped). Be CAUTION WARNING sure to dispose of the cloth used to cover● Always connect positive (ϩ) to positive the vent holes as it may be contaminated ● Automatic transmission models cannot (ϩ) and negative (Ϫ) to body ground (for with corrosive acid. be push-started or tow-started. This example, strut mounting bolt, engine may cause transmission or other ve- lift bracket, etc.) — not to the battery. hicle damage.● Make sure the jumper cables do not ● Three-way catalyst equipped models touch moving parts in the engine com- should not be started by pushing. The partment and that the cable clamps do three-way catalyst may be damaged. not contact any other metal. ● Never try to start the vehicle by towing5. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and it. When the engine starts, the forward let it run for a few minutes. surge could cause the vehicle to collide with the tow vehicle.6. Keep the engine speed of the booster ve- hicle at about 2,000 rpm, and start the en- gine of the vehicle being jump started. WARNINGDo not keep the starter motor engaged formore than 10 seconds. If the engine doesnot start right away, turn the key off andwait 3 to 4 seconds before trying again.7. After starting the engine, carefully discon- nect the negative cable and then the positive cable. In case of emergency 6-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • IF YOUR VEHICLE OVERHEATSIf your vehicle is overheating (indicated by an 3. If engine overheating is caused by climbing a WARNINGextremely high temperature gauge reading), or if long hill on a hot day, run the engine at a fastyou feel a lack of engine power, detect abnormal idle (approximately 1,500 r/min) until the Be careful not to allow your hands, hair,noise, etc. take the following steps. temperature gauge indicator returns to nor- jewelry or clothing to come into contact mal. with, or get caught in, engine belts or the WARNING engine cooling fan. The engine cooling 4. Get out of the vehicle. Look and listen for fan can start at any time when the coolant● Do not continue to drive if your vehicle steam or coolant escaping from the radiator temperature is high. overheats. Doing so could cause a ve- before opening the hood. Wait until no hicle fire. steam or coolant can be seen before pro- 7. After the engine cools down, check the cool- ceeding. ant level in the reservoir tank with the engine● To avoid the danger of being scalded, running. Add coolant to the reservoir tank if never remove the radiator cap while the 5. Open the engine hood. necessary. Have your vehicle repaired at a engine is still hot. When the radiator NISSAN dealer. cap is removed, pressurized hot water WARNING will spurt out, possibly causing serious injury. If steam or water is coming from the en- gine, stand clear to prevent getting● Do not open the hood if steam is com- burned. ing out. 6. Visually check drive belts for damage or 1. Move the vehicle safely off the road, apply looseness. Also check if the cooling fan is the parking brake and move the shift lever to running. The radiator hoses and radiator N (Neutral) (manual transmission) or to P should not leak water. If coolant is leaking, (Park) (automatic transmission). the water pump belt is missing or loose, or Do not stop the engine. the cooling fan does not run, stop the en- gine. 2. Turn off the air conditioner (if so equipped). Open all the windows, move the heater or air conditioner temperature control to maximum hot and fan control to high speed.6-12 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • TOWING YOUR VEHICLEWhen towing your vehicle, all State (Provincial in Two-wheel drive modelsCanada) and local regulations for towing must befollowed. Incorrect towing equipment could dam- NISSAN recommends that your vehicle be towedage your vehicle. Towing instructions are avail- with the driving (rear) wheels off the ground orable from a NISSAN dealer. Local service opera- place the vehicle on a flat bed truck as illustrated.tors are generally familiar with the applicable lawsand procedures for towing. To assure proper CAUTIONtowing and to prevent accidental damage to your ● Never tow automatic transmissionvehicle, NISSAN recommends having a service models with the rear wheels on theoperator tow your vehicle. It is advisable to have ground or four wheels on the groundthe service operator carefully read the following (forward or backward), as this mayprecautions: cause serious and expensive damage to the transmission. If it is necessary to WARNING tow the vehicle with the front wheels● Never ride in a vehicle that is being raised always use towing dollies under towed. the rear wheels.● Never get under your vehicle after it has ● When towing automatic or manual been lifted by a tow truck. transmission models with the front wheels on the ground or on towing CAUTION dollies:● When towing, make sure that the trans- – Turn the ignition key to the OFF posi- mission, axles, steering system and tion, and secure the steering wheel in a powertrain are in working condition. If ACE1037 straight-ahead position with a rope or any unit is damaged, dollies must be TOWING RECOMMENDED BY similar device. Never secure the steer- used. ing wheel by turning the ignition key to NISSAN the LOCK position. This may damage● Always attach safety chains before the steering lock mechanism. towing. In case of emergency 6-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● If you have to tow manual transmission CAUTION models with the rear wheels on the ground (if you do not use towing dol- ● Never tow automatic transmission lies) or four wheels on the ground: models with the rear wheels on the ground or four wheels on the ground, as ● Always release the parking brake. this may cause serious and expensive ● Move the transmission shift lever to damage to the transmission. If it is nec- the N (Neutral) position. essary to tow the vehicle with the front wheels raised always use towing dollies ● Observe the following restricted tow- under the rear wheels. ing speeds and distances for manual transmission models only: ● When towing automatic or manual transmission models with the front Speed: Below 60 MPH (97 km/h) wheels on the ground or on towing Distance: Less than 500 miles (805 dollies: km) ● To disengage auto-lock free- running hubs see the “Starting and driving”If the speed or distance must necessarily be section for details.greater, remove the propeller shaft before towingto prevent damage to the transmission. ● Move the transfer case shift lever to the 2H position. ● Turn the ignition key to the OFF po- sition, and secure the steering wheel ACE1038 in a straight-ahead position with a rope or similar device. Never secure Four-wheel drive models the steering wheel by turning the ig- nition key to the LOCK position. This NISSAN recommends that towing dollies be may damage the steering lock used when towing your vehicle or place the ve- mechanism. hicle on a flat bed truck as illustrated.6-14 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● If you have to tow manual transmission VEHICLE RECOVERY (freeing a stuck FLAT TOWING models with the rear wheels on the vehicle) Towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground (if you do not use towing dol- ground is sometimes called flat towing. This lies) or four wheels on the ground: WARNING method is sometimes used when towing a vehicle ● To disengage auto-lock free- running ● Stand clear of a stuck vehicle. behind a recreational vehicle, such as a motor hubs see the “Starting and driving” home. section for details. ● Do not spin your tires at high speed. This could cause them to explode and CAUTION ● Move the transfer case shift lever to result in serious injury. Parts of your the 2H position. vehicle could also overheat and be ● Failure to follow these guidelines can damaged. result in severe transmission damage. ● Move the transmission shift lever to the N (Neutral) position. ● Whenever flat towing your vehicle, al- CAUTION ways tow forward, never backward. ● Always release the parking brake. ● Tow chains or cables must be attached Automatic Transmission ● Observe the following restricted tow- only to the main structural members of ing speeds and distances for manual the vehicle. transmission models only: CAUTION ● Pulling devices should be routed so Speed: Below 60 MPH (97 km/h) they do not touch any part of the sus- ● DO NOT tow any automatic transmis- pension, steering, brake or cooling sion vehicle with all four wheels on the Distance: Less than 500 miles (805 ground (flat towing). Doing so WILL km) systems. DAMAGE internal transmission partsIf the speed or distance must necessarily be ● Always pull the cable straight out from due to lack of transmission lubrication.greater, remove the propeller shaft before towing the front or rear of the vehicle. Never pull the vehicle at an angle. ● For emergency towing procedures referto prevent damage to the transmission. to “Towing Recommended by NISSAN” ● Pulling devices such as ropes or canvas earlier in this chapter. straps are not recommended for use in vehicle towing or recovery. In case of emergency 6-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • To tow a vehicle equipped with an automatictransmission, an appropriate vehicle dolly MUSTbe placed under the towed vehicle’s drivewheels. Always follow the dolly manufacturer’srecommendations when using their product.Manual Transmission ● Always tow with the manual transmission in Neutral. ● On four-wheel drive vehicles, place the transfer case in the 2H range. Failure to do so will cause the powertrain to bind up. ● After towing 500 miles, start and idle the engine with the transmission in Neutral for two minutes. Failure to idle the engine after every 500 miles of towing may cause dam- age to the transmission’s internal parts.6-16 In case of emergency ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 7 Appearance and careCleaning exterior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2 Floor mats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4 Washing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2 Seat belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4 Waxing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2 Corrosion protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5 Removing spots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2 Most common factors contributing to vehicle Underbody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5 Glass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 Environmental factors influence the rate of Aluminum alloy wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5 Chrome parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 To protect your vehicle from corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5Cleaning interior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • CLEANING EXTERIORIn order to maintain the appearance of your ve- CAUTION WAXINGhicle, it is important to take proper care of it. ● Do not wash the vehicle with strong Regular waxing protects the paint surface andIn the following cases, please wash your vehicle household soap, strong chemical deter- helps retain new vehicle appearance. After wax-as soon as possible to protect the paint surface: gents, gasoline or solvents. ing, polishing is recommended to remove ● after a rainfall to prevent possible damage built-up residue and to avoid a “weathered” ap- ● Do not wash the vehicle in direct sun- from acid rain. light or while the vehicle body is hot, as pearance. the surface may become water-spotted. A NISSAN dealer can assist you in choosing the ● after driving on coastal roads. ● Avoid using tight-napped or rough proper product. ● when contaminants such as soot, bird drop- cloths, such as washing mitts. Care pings, tree sap, metal particles or bugs get ● Wax your vehicle only after a thorough wash- must be taken when removing ing. Follow the instructions supplied with the on the paint surface. caked-on dirt or other foreign sub- wax. ● when dust or mud builds up on the surface. stances so the paint surface is not scratched or damaged. ● Do not use a wax containing any abrasives,Whenever possible, store or park your vehicle cutting compounds or cleaners that mayinside a garage or in a covered area. Rinse the vehicle thoroughly with plenty of clean damage the vehicle finish. water.When it is necessary to park outside, park in a ● If the surface does not polish easily, use ashady area or protect the vehicle with a body Inside flanges, seams and folds on the doors, hatches and hood are particularly vulnerable to “road tar” remover and wax again.cover. the effects of road salt. Therefore, these areas Machine compounding or aggressive polishingBe careful not to scratch the paint surface must be cleaned regularly. Take care that the on a base coat/clear coat paint finish may dull thewhen putting on or removing the body drain holes in the lower edge of the door are finish or leave swirl marks.cover. open. Spray water under the body and in the wheel wells to loosen the dirt and wash away REMOVING SPOTSWASHING road salt. Remove tar and oil spots, industrial dust, insects,Wash dirt off with a wet sponge and plenty of A damp chamois can be used to dry the vehicle to and tree sap as quickly as possible from thewater. Clean the vehicle thoroughly using a mild avoid water spots. surface of the paint to avoid lasting damage orsoap, a special vehicle soap or general purpose staining. Special cleaning products are availabledishwashing liquid mixed with clean, lukewarm at a NISSAN dealer or any automotive accessory(never hot) water. store.7-2 Appearance and care ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • CLEANING INTERIORUNDERBODY ALUMINUM ALLOY WHEELS Occasionally remove loose dust from the interior trim, plastic parts and seats using a vacuumIn areas where road salt is used in winter, it is Wash the wheels regularly, especially during win- cleaner or soft brush. Wipe the vinyl and leathernecessary to clean the underbody regularly in ter months in areas where road salt is used. If not surfaces with a clean, soft cloth dampened inorder to prevent dirt and salt from building up and removed, road salt could discolor the wheels. mild soap solution, then wipe clean with a dry,causing the acceleration of corrosion on the un- soft cloth. Before using any fabric protector, readderbody and suspension. Before the winter pe- CHROME PARTS the manufacturer’s recommendations. Some fab-riod and again in the spring, the underseal must Clean all chrome parts regularly with a non- ric protectors contain chemicals that may stain orbe checked and, if necessary, retreated. abrasive chrome polish to maintain the finish. bleach the seat material.GLASS Use a cloth dampened only with water to clean the meter and gauge lens.Use glass cleaner to remove smoke and dust filmfrom the glass surfaces. It is normal for glass tobecome coated with a film after the vehicle is CAUTIONparked in the hot sun. Glass cleaner and a soft ● Never use benzine, thinner or any simi-cloth will easily remove this film. lar material. ● The leather seats should be regularly CAUTION coated with a leather wax like saddleWhen cleaning the inside of the windows, soap. Never use car wax.do not use sharp-edged tools, abrasive ● Never use fabric protectors unless rec-cleaners or chlorine-based disinfectant ommended by the manufacturer.cleaners. They could damage the electri-cal conductors, radio antenna elements or ● Do not use glass or plastic cleaner onrear window defroster elements. meter or gauge lens covers. It may dam- age the lens cover. Appearance and care 7-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • FLOOR MATS SEAT BELTSThe use of genuine NISSAN floor mats can ex- The seat belts can be cleaned by wiping themtend the life of your vehicle carpet and make it with a sponge dampened in a mild soap solution.easier to clean the interior. No matter what Allow the belts to dry completely in the shademats are used, be sure they are fitted for before using them. See “Seat belt maintenance”your vehicle and are properly positioned in in the “Safety – Seats, seat belts and supplemen-the footwell to prevent interference with tal air bags” section of this manual.pedal operation. Mats should be maintainedwith regular cleaning and replaced if they be- WARNINGcome excessively worn. Do not allow wet seat belts to roll up in the retractor. NEVER use bleach, dye or chemical solvents to clean the seat belts, since these materials may severely WAI0006 weaken the seat belt webbing. Floor mat positioning aid (driver’s side only) This vehicle includes a front floor mat bracket to act as a floor mat positioning aid. NISSAN floor mats have been specially designed for your ve- hicle model. The driver’s side floor mat has a grommet hole incorporated in it. Position the mat by placing the floor mat bracket hook through the floor mat grommet hole while centering the mat in the footwell. Periodically check to make certain the mats are properly positioned.7-4 Appearance and care ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • CORROSION PROTECTIONMOST COMMON FACTORS Temperature CAUTIONCONTRIBUTING TO VEHICLE High temperatures accelerate the rate of corro- ● NEVER remove dirt, sand or other de-CORROSION sion to those parts which are not well ventilated. bris from the passenger compartment 1. The accumulation of moisture-retaining dirt by washing it out with a hose. Remove Air pollution dirt with a vacuum cleaner or broom. and debris in body panel sections, cavities, and other areas. Industrial pollution, the presence of salt in the air ● Never allow water or other liquids to 2. Damage to paint and other protective coat- in coastal areas, or heavy road salt use acceler- come in contact with electronic compo- ings caused by gravel and stone chips or ates the corrosion process. Road salt also accel- nents inside the vehicle as this may minor traffic accidents. erates the disintegration of paint surfaces. damage them.ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS TO PROTECT YOUR VEHICLE Chemicals used for road surface de-icing are FROM CORROSION extremely corrosive. They accelerate corrosionINFLUENCE THE RATE OF and deterioration of underbody componentsCORROSION ● Wash and wax your vehicle often to keep the such as the exhaust system, fuel and brake lines, vehicle clean. brake cables, floor pan and fenders.MoistureAccumulation of sand, dirt and water on the ve- ● Always check for minor damage to the paint In winter, the underbody must be cleanedhicle body underside can accelerate corrosion. and repair it as soon as possible. periodically.Wet floor coverings will not dry completely inside ● Keep drain holes at the bottom of the doors For additional protection against rust and corro-the vehicle, and should be removed for drying to and tailgate open to avoid water accumula- sion, which may be required in some areas, con-avoid floor panel corrosion. tion. sult a NISSAN dealer.Relative humidity ● Check the underbody for accumulation ofCorrosion will be accelerated: sand, dirt or salt. If present, wash with water ● in areas of high relative humidity. as soon as possible. ● in areas where the temperatures stay above freezing. ● where atmospheric pollution exists. ● where road salt is used. Appearance and care 7-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • MEMO7-6 Appearance and care
  • 8 Maintenance and do-it-yourselfMaintenance requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2 Spark plugs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-21General maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2 Replacing spark plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-21 Explanation of general maintenance items . . . . . . . . . 8-2 Air cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-22Maintenance precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5 In-cabin Microfilter (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-23Engine compartment check locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6 Windshield wiper blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-26Engine cooling system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9 Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-26 Checking engine coolant level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9 Replacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-26 Changing engine coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10 Parking brake and brake pedal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29Engine oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10 Checking parking brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29 Checking engine oil level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10 Checking brake pedal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29 Changing engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-11 Brake booster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-30 Changing engine oil filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13 Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-31Automatic transmission fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-14 Passenger compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-31 Temperature conditions for checking. . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-14 Keyfob battery replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-32Power steering fluid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-15 Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-33Brake and clutch fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16 Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-33 Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16 Fog lights (if so equipped) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-34 Clutch fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16 Exterior and interior lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-36Window washer fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-17 Wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-40 Window washer fluid reservoir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-17 Tire pressure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-40Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-18 Types of tires. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-40 Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-19 Tire chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-41Drive belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-19 Changing wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-42 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS GENERAL MAINTENANCEYour new NISSAN has been designed to have Performing general maintenance checks requires During the normal day-to-day operation of theminimum maintenance requirements with longer minimal mechanical skill and only a few general vehicle, general maintenance should be per-service intervals to save you both time and automotive tools. formed regularly as prescribed in this section. Ifmoney. However, some day-to-day and regular These checks or inspections can be done by you, you detect any unusual sounds, vibrations ormaintenance is essential to maintain your NIS- a qualified technician, or, if you prefer, a NISSAN smells, be sure to check for the cause or have aSAN’s good mechanical condition, as well as its dealer. NISSAN dealer do it promptly. In addition, youemission and engine performance. should notify a NISSAN dealer if you think that Where to go for service repairs are required.It is the owner’s responsibility to make sure thatthe scheduled maintenance, as well as general If maintenance service is required or your vehicle When performing any checks or maintenancemaintenance, is performed. appears to malfunction, have the systems work, closely observe the “Maintenance precau- checked and corrected by a NISSAN dealer.As the vehicle owner, you are the only one who tions” later in this section.can ensure that your vehicle receives proper NISSAN technicians are well-trained specialistsmaintenance. You are a vital link in the mainte- who are kept up-to-date with the latest service EXPLANATION OF GENERALnance chain. information through technical bulletins, service MAINTENANCE ITEMS tips, and in-dealership training programs. TheyScheduled maintenance are completely qualified to work on NISSAN ve- Additional information on the following hicles before they work on your vehicle, rather items with “*” is found later in this section.For your convenience, both required and optionalscheduled maintenance items are described and than after they have worked on it. Outside the vehiclelisted in your “NISSAN Service and Maintenance You can be confident that a NISSAN dealer’sGuide.” You must refer to that guide to ensure The maintenance items listed here should be service department performs the best job to meetthat necessary maintenance is performed on your performed from time to time, unless otherwise the maintenance requirements on your vehicle —NISSAN at regular intervals. in a reliable and economic way. specified.General maintenance Doors, engine hood and tailgate Check that the doors, engine hood and tailgate operateGeneral maintenance includes those items which properly. Also ensure that all latches lock se-should be checked during normal day-to-day op- curely. Lubricate hinges, latches, latch pins, roll-eration of the vehicle. They are essential if yourvehicle is to continue to operate properly. It is ers and links as necessary. Make sure that theyour responsibility to perform these maintenance secondary latch keeps the hood from openingprocedures regularly as prescribed. when the primary latch is released.8-2 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • When driving in areas using road salt or other trips. If necessary, adjust the pressure in all tires, vehicle is held securely with the selector lever incorrosive materials, check lubrication frequently. including the spare, to the pressure specified. the P position without applying any brakes. Check carefully for damage, cuts or excessiveLights* Clean the headlights on a regular basis. Brake pedal and booster* Check the pedal for wear.Make sure that the headlights, stop lights, tail smooth operation and make sure it has the properlights, turn signal lights, and other lights are all Windshield Clean the windshield on a regular distance under it when depressed fully. Checkoperating properly and installed securely. Also basis. Check the windshield at least every six the brake booster function. Be certain to keep thecheck headlight aim. months for cracks or other damage. Have a dam- floor mat away from the pedal. aged windshield repaired by a qualified repairRoad wheel nuts (lug nuts)* When checking Brakes Check that the brakes do not pull the facility.the tires, make sure no wheel nuts are missing, vehicle to one side when applied.and check for any loose wheel nuts. Tighten if Windshield wiper blades* Check for cracks or Clutch pedal* Make sure the pedal operatesnecessary. wear if they do not wipe properly. smoothly and check that it has the proper freeTire rotation* Tires should be rotated every Inside the vehicle travel.7,500 miles (12,000 km). The maintenance items listed here should be Parking brake* Check that the pedal has theTire, wheel alignment and balance If the checked on a regular basis, such as when per- proper travel and confirm that your vehicle is heldvehicle should pull to either side while driving on forming periodic maintenance, cleaning the ve- securely on a fairly steep hill with only the parkinga straight and level road, or if you detect uneven hicle, etc. brake applied.or abnormal tire wear, there may be a need for Additional information on the following Seats Check seat position controls such as seatwheel alignment. items with an “*” is found later in this sec- adjusters, seatback recliner, etc. to ensure theyIf the steering wheel or seat vibrates at normal tion. operate smoothly and all latches lock securely inhighway speeds, wheel balancing may be every position. Check that the head restraints Accelerator pedal Check the pedal for smoothneeded. move up and down smoothly and the locks (if so operation and make sure the pedal does not bind ● For additional information regarding tires, or require uneven effort. Keep the floor mat away equipped) hold securely in all latched positions. refer to “Important Tire Safety Information” from the pedal. Seat belts Check that all parts of the seat belt (US) or “Tire Safety Information” (Canada) in Automatic transmission P (Park) position system (for example, buckles, anchors, adjusters the Warranty Information Booklet . mechanism Check that the lock release button and retractors) operate properly and smoothly,Tires* Check the pressure with a gauge at least on the shift selector lever operates properly and and are installed securely. Check the belt web-once a month and always prior to long distance smoothly. On a fairly steep hill check that your bing for cuts, fraying, wear or damage. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Steering wheel Check for changes in the steer- Engine coolant level* Check the coolant level etc., that may have accumulated. Make sure theing system, such as excessive freeplay, hard when the engine is cold. hoses have no cracks, deformation, rot or loosesteering or strange noises. connections. Engine drive belts* Make sure the drive beltsWarning lights and chimes Make sure all are not frayed, worn, cracked or oily. Underbody The underbody is frequently ex-warning lights and chimes are operating properly. posed to corrosive substances such as those Engine oil level* Check the level after parking used on icy roads or to control dust. It is veryWindshield wiper and washer* Check that the vehicle on a level surface with the engine off. important to remove these substances from thethe wipers and washer operate properly and that Wait more than 10 minutes for the oil to drain underbody, otherwise rust may form on the floorthe wipers do not streak. back into the oil pan. pan, frame, fuel lines and exhaust system. At theWindshield defroster Check that the air Exhaust system Make sure there are no loose end of winter, the underbody should be thor-comes out of the defroster outlets properly and in supports, cracks or holes. If the sound of the oughly flushed with plain water, in those areassufficient quantity when operating the heater or exhaust seems unusual or there is a smell of where mud and dirt may have accumulated. Seeair conditioner. exhaust fumes, immediately have the exhaust the “Appearance and care” section of this system inspected by a NISSAN dealer. See the manual.Under the hood and vehicle carbon monoxide warning in the “Starting and Windshield washer fluid* Check that there isThe maintenance items listed here should be driving” section of this manual. adequate fluid in the reservoir.checked periodically (for example, each time you Fluid leaks Check under the vehicle for fuel, oil,check the engine oil or refuel). water or other fluid leaks after the vehicle hasAutomatic transmission fluid level* Check been parked for a while. Water dripping from thethe level after putting the selector lever in P with air conditioner after use is normal. If you shouldthe engine idling at operating temperature. notice any leaks or if gasoline fumes are evident, check for the cause and have it corrected imme-Battery* Check the fluid level in each cell. It diately.should be between the MAX and MIN lines. Ve-hicles operated in high temperatures or under Power steering fluid level* and lines Checksevere conditions require frequent checks of the the level when the fluid is cold, with the enginebattery fluid level. off. Check the lines for proper attachment, leaks, cracks, etc.Brake and clutch fluid levels* Make sure thatthe brake and clutch fluid level is between the Radiator and hoses Check the front of theMIN and MAX lines on the reservoir. radiator and clean off any dirt, insects, leaves,8-4 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONSWhen performing any inspection or maintenance ● It is advisable to secure or remove any CAUTIONwork on your vehicle, always take care to prevent loose clothing and remove any jewelry,serious accidental injury to yourself or damage to such as rings, watches, etc. before ● Do not work under the hood while thethe vehicle. The following are general precau- working on your vehicle. engine is hot. Turn the engine off andtions which should be closely observed. wait until it cools down. ● Always wear eye protection whenever you work on your vehicle. ● Avoid contact with used engine oil and WARNING coolant. Improperly disposed engine ● If you must run the engine in an en- oil, engine coolant and/or other vehicle● Park the vehicle on a level surface, ap- closed space such as a garage, be sure fluids can damage the environment. Al- ply the parking brake securely and there is proper ventilation for exhaust ways conform to local regulations for block the wheels to prevent the vehicle gases to escape. disposal of vehicle fluid. from moving. For manual transmission models, move the shift lever to N (Neu- ● Never get under the vehicle while it is This “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section tral). For automatic transmission mod- supported only by a jack. If it is neces- gives instructions regarding only those items els, move the selector lever to P (Park). sary to work under the vehicle, support which are relatively easy for an owner to perform. it with safety stands.● Be sure the ignition key is in the OFF or A genuine NISSAN service manual is also avail- LOCK position when performing any ● Keep smoking materials, flame and able. See “Owner’s Manual/Service Manual or- parts replacement or repairs. sparks away from the fuel tank and der information” in the “Technical and consumer battery. information” section of this manual.● Never leave the engine or automatic transmission related component har- ● On gasoline engine models with the You should be aware that incomplete or improper nesses disconnected while the ignition multiport fuel injection (MFI) system, servicing may result in operating difficulties or switch is in the ON position. the fuel filter or fuel lines should be excessive emissions, and could affect warranty serviced by a NISSAN dealer because coverage. If in doubt about any servicing,● Never connect or disconnect the battery the fuel lines are under high pressure have it done by a NISSAN dealer. or any transistorized component while even when the engine is off. the ignition switch is in the ON position.● If you must work with the engine run- ning, keep your hands, clothing, hair and tools away from moving fans, belts and any other moving parts. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ENGINE COMPARTMENT CHECKLOCATIONS KA24DE engine 1. Power steering fluid reservoir 2. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick (A/T model) 3. Air cleaner 4. Engine oil filler cap 5. Engine oil dipstick 6. Brake fluid reservoir 7. Clutch fluid reservoir (M/T model) 8. Windshield washer fluid reservoir 9. Radiator cap 10. Coolant reservoir 11. Battery WDI00878-6 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • VG33E engine 1. Fuse/fusible link holder 2. Power steering fluid reservoir 3. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick (A/T model) 4. Brake fluid reservoir 5. Clutch fluid reservoir (M/T model) 6. Air cleaner 7. Windshield washer fluid reservoir 8. Engine oil dipstick 9. Radiator cap 10. Engine oil filler cap 11. Coolant reservoir 12. Battery WDI0269 Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-7੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr)Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna)02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • VG33ER engine 1. Fuse/fusible link holder 2. Power steering fluid reservoir 3. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick (A/T model) 4. Supercharger 5. Brake fluid reservoir 6. Air cleaner 7. Windshield washer fluid reservoir 8. Engine oil dipstick 9. Radiator cap 10. Engine oil filler cap 11. Coolant reservoir 12. Battery WDI02708-8 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ENGINE COOLING SYSTEMThe engine cooling system is filled at the factory CAUTIONwith a high-quality, year-round, anti-freeze cool-ant solution. The anti-freeze solution contains When adding or replacing coolant, be surerust and corrosion inhibitors; therefore, additional to use only a Genuine Nissan Long Lifeengine cooling system additives are not neces- Anti-Freeze Coolant (green) or equivalentsary. with the proper mixture ratio of 50% anti- freeze and 50% demineralized or distilled WARNING water. The use of other types of coolant solutions or coolant colors, such as or-● Never remove the radiator cap when the ange, may damage the engine cooling engine is hot. Wait until the engine and system. radiator cool down. Serious burns could be caused by high pressure fluid escaping from the radiator. See precau- tions in “If your vehicle overheats” WDI0271 found in the “In case of emergency” section of this manual. CHECKING ENGINE COOLANT● The radiator is equipped with a pres- LEVEL sure type radiator cap. To prevent en- Check the coolant level in the reservoir when gine damage, use only a genuine the engine is cold. If the coolant level is below NISSAN radiator cap. the MIN level, add coolant to the MAX level. If the reservoir is empty, check the coolant level in the radiator when the engine is cold. If there is Outside temperature Genuine Demineral- insufficient coolant in the radiator, fill the radiator down to NISSAN ized or dis- with coolant up to the filler opening and also add Long Life tilled water it to the reservoir up to the MAX level. Anti-freeze °C °F If the cooling system frequently requires coolant or equivalent coolant, have it checked by a NISSAN dealer. -35 -30 50% 50% Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ENGINE OILCHANGING ENGINE COOLANTA NISSAN dealer can change the engine coolant.The service procedure can be found in theNISSAN Service Manual.Improper servicing can result in reducedheater performance and engine overheat-ing. WARNING● To avoid the danger of being scalded, never change the coolant when the en- gine is hot.● Never remove the radiator cap when the WDI0272 WDI0273 engine is hot. Serious burns could be KA24DE engine VG33E/VG33ER engine caused by high pressure fluid escaping CHECKING ENGINE OIL LEVEL 3. Turn off the engine. Wait more than 10 from the radiator. minutes for the oil to drain back into 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and apply the oil pan.● Avoid direct skin contact with used the parking brake. coolant. If skin contact is made, wash 4. Remove the dipstick and wipe it clean. Re- thoroughly with soap or hand cleaner 2. Start the engine and let it idle until it reaches insert it all the way. as soon as possible. operating temperature. 5. Remove the dipstick again and check the oil● Keep coolant out of the reach of chil- level. It should be between the H (High) and dren and pets. L (Low) marks. This is the normal operatingEngine coolant must be disposed of properly. oil level range. If the oil level is below the LCheck your local regulations. (Low) mark, remove the oil filler cap and pour recommended oil through the opening. Do not overfill.8-10 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WDI0175 WDI0274 WDI0275 KA24DE engine VG33E/VG33ER engine KA24DE engine 6. Recheck oil level with the dipstick. CHANGING ENGINE OILIt is normal to add some oil between oil 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and applymaintenance intervals or during the the parking brake.break-in period, depending on the severityof operating conditions. 2. Start the engine and let it idle until it reaches operating temperature, then turn it off. CAUTION 3. Remove the oil filler cap by turning it coun-Oil level should be checked regularly. Op- terclockwise.erating the engine with an insufficient 4. Place a large drain pan under the drain plug.amount of oil can damage the engine, andsuch damage is not covered by warranty. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Try to avoid direct skin contact with The drain and refill capacity depends on the used oil. If skin contact is made, wash oil temperature and drain time. Use these thoroughly with soap or hand cleaner specifications for reference only. Always use as soon as possible. the dipstick to determine when the proper amount of oil is in the engine. ● Keep used engine oil out of reach of children. 8. Start the engine. Check for leakage around the drain plug and oil filter. Correct as re- quired. CAUTION 9. Turn the engine off and wait more than 10 Be careful not to burn yourself. The engine minutes. Check the oil level with the dipstick. oil may be hot. Add engine oil if necessary. ● Waste oil must be disposed of prop- erly. WDI0276 VG33E/VG33ER engine ● Check your local regulations. 5. Remove the drain plug with a wrench by 6. Clean and reinstall the drain plug and a new turning it counterclockwise and completely washer. Securely tighten the drain plug with drain the oil. a wrench. Do not use excessive force. If the oil filter is to be changed, remove and Drain plug tightening torque: replace it at this time. See “Changing engine 22 - 29 ft-lb (29 - 39 N·m) oil filter” later in this section. 7. Refill engine with recommended oil through the oil filler opening, then install the oil filler WARNING cap securely.● Prolonged and repeated contact with used engine oil may cause skin cancer. See “Capacities and recommended fuel/lubricants” in the “Technical and con- sumer information” section of this manual for drain and refill capacity.8-12 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/05/03—tmchalpi ੭
  • 7. Coat the gasket on the new filter with clean engine oil. 8. Screw on the oil filter until a slight resistance is felt, then tighten an additional 2/3 turn. 9. Start the engine and check for leakage around the oil filter. Correct as required. 10. Turn the engine off and wait more than 10 minutes. Check the oil level. Add engine oil if necessary. 11. Install the splash shield. WDI0277 WDI0278 KA24DE engine VG33E/VG33ER engineCHANGING ENGINE OIL FILTER CAUTION1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and apply Be careful not to burn yourself. The engine the parking brake. oil may be hot.2. Turn the engine off. 5. Loosen the oil filter with an oil filter wrench.3. Remove the splash shield. Then remove the oil filter by turning it by hand. ● Remove the six push pins. 6. Wipe the engine oil filter mounting surface ● Remove the six bolts and the splash shield. with a clean rag.4. Place a large drain pan under the oil filter. Be sure to remove any old gasket material remaining on the mounting surface of the engine. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 03/05/03—tmchalpi ੭
  • AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUID WARNING● When the engine is running, keep hands, jewelry and clothing away from any moving parts such as the cooling fan and drive belts.● Automatic transmission fluid is poison- ous and should be stored carefully in marked containers out of the reach of children. WDI0279 WDI0280 KA24DE engine VG33E/VG33ER engine TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS FOR ● The fluid can be checked at fluid tempera- CHECKING tures of 86 - 122°F (30 - 50°C) using the COLD range on the dipstick after the engine ● The fluid level should be checked using the is warmed up and before driving. However, HOT range on the dipstick after the following the fluid should be re-checked using the conditions have been met: HOT range. – The engine should be warmed up to op- 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and set erating temperature. the parking brake. – The vehicle should be driven at least 5 2. Start the engine and then move the shift minutes. selector lever through each gear range, end- ing in P (Park). – The automatic transmission fluid should 3. Check the fluid level with the engine idling. be warmed to 122 - 176°F (50 - 80°C).8-14 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • POWER STEERING FLUID CAUTION DO NOT OVERFILL. Use ONLY NISSAN Matic Fluid D (Continental U.S. and Alaska) or Canada NISSAN Automatic Transmission Fluid. Dexron™ III/Mercon™ or equivalent may also be used. Outside the continental United States and Alaska contact a NISSAN dealership for more in- formation regarding suitable fluids, in- cluding recommended brand(s) of Dexron™ III/Mercon™ automatic trans- mission fluid. WDI0281 NOTE: WDI02824. Remove the dipstick and wipe it clean with If the vehicle has been driven for a long The fluid level should be checked using the HOT lint-free paper. time at high speeds, or in city traffic in hot MAX range on the power steering fluid reservoir weather, or if it is being used to pull a at fluid temperatures of 122° - 176°F (50° -5. Reinsert the dipstick into the dipstick tube trailer, the fluid level cannot be read accu- 80°C) or using the COLD MAX range on the as far as it will go. rately. You should wait until the fluid has power steering fluid reservoir at fluid tempera-6. Remove the dipstick and note the reading. If cooled down (about 30 minutes) before tures of 32° - 86°F (0° - 30°C). the automatic transmission fluid level is checking fluid level. If the fluid is below the MIN line, add Genuine within the normal operating range ᭺, no B NISSAN PSF fluid. Remove the cap and fill additional fluid is required. If the fluid level is through the opening. low ᭺ add fluid through the dipstick tube. A CAUTION ● DO NOT OVERFILL. ● Recommended fluid is Genuine NISSAN PSF or equivalent. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • BRAKE AND CLUTCH FLUIDFor further brake and clutch fluid specificationinformation, refer to “Capacities and recom-mended fuel/lubricants” in the “Technical andconsumer information” section of this manual. WARNINGUse only new fluid from a sealed con-tainer. Old, inferior or contaminated fluidmay damage the brake and clutch sys-tems. The use of improper fluids can dam-age the brake system and affect the vehi-cle’s stopping ability. CAUTION WDI0283 WDI0284Do not spill the fluid on any painted sur- BRAKE FLUIDfaces. This will damage the paint. If fluid is CLUTCH FLUIDspilled, immediately wash the surface Check the brake fluid level in the reservoir. If the Check the clutch fluid level in the reservoirwith water. fluid level is below the MIN line or the brake (manual transmissions only). If the fluid level is warning light comes on, add Genuine NISSAN below the MIN line, add Genuine NISSAN Super Super Heavy Duty Brake Fluid or equivalent DOT Heavy Duty Brake Fluid or equivalent DOT 3 fluid 3 fluid up to the MAX line. If fluid must be added up to the MAX line. If fluid must be added fre- frequently, the system should be checked by a quently, the system should be checked by a NISSAN dealer. NISSAN dealer. For further brake and clutch fluid specification information, refer to “Capacities and recom- mended fuel/lubricants” in the “Technical and consumer information” section of this manual.8-16 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WINDOW WASHER FLUID Refill the reservoir more frequently when driving WARNING conditions require an increased amount of win-Use only new fluid from a sealed con- dow washer fluid.tainer. Old, inferior or contaminated fluidmay damage the brake and clutch sys- CAUTIONtems. The use of improper fluids can dam-age the brake system and affect the vehi- ● Do not substitute engine anti-freezecle’s stopping ability. coolant for window washer solution. This may result in damage to the paint. CAUTION ● Do not fill the window washer reservoir tank with washer fluid concentrates atDo not spill the fluid on any painted sur- full strength. Some methyl alcoholfaces. This will damage the paint. If fluid is based washer fluid concentrates mayspilled, immediately wash the surface permanently stain the grille if spilledwith water. while filling the window washer reser- WDI0285 voir tank. WINDOW WASHER FLUID RESERVOIR ● Pre-mix washer fluid concentrates with water to the manufacturer’s recom- Fill the window washer fluid reservoir periodically. mended levels before pouring the fluid Add window washer fluid when the light comes into the window washer reservoir tank. on (if so equipped). Do not use the window washer reservoir tank to mix the washer fluid concen- To fill the window washer fluid reservoir, lift the trate and water. cap off the reservoir tank and pour the window washer fluid into the tank opening. Add a washer solvent to the washer for better cleaning. In the winter season, add a windshield washer antifreeze. Follow the manufacturer’s in- structions for the mixture ratio. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-17 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • BATTERY ● Keep the battery surface clean and dry. Any ● When working on or near a battery, al- corrosion should be washed off with a solu- ways wear suitable eye protection and tion of baking soda and water. remove all jewelry. ● Make certain the terminal connections are ● Battery posts, terminals and related ac- clean and securely tightened. cessories contain lead and lead com- pounds. Wash hands after handling. ● If the vehicle is not to be used for 30 days or longer, disconnect the negative (-) battery ● Keep battery out of the reach of terminal cable to prevent discharge. children. WARNING● Do not expose the battery to flames or electrical sparks. Hydrogen gas gener- ated by the battery is explosive. Do not WDI0224 allow battery fluid to contact your skin, 1. Remove the battery caps with a screwdriver eyes, fabrics or painted surfaces. After as shown. Use a cloth to protect the battery touching a battery or battery cap, do not case. touch or rub your eyes. Thoroughly wash your hands. If the acid contacts your eyes, skin or clothing, immediately flush with water for at least 15 minutes and seek medical attention.● Do not operate the vehicle if the fluid in the battery is low. Low battery fluid can cause a higher load on the battery which can generate heat, reduce bat- tery life, and in some cases lead to an explosion.8-18 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • DRIVE BELTS Vehicles operated in high temperatures or under severe conditions require frequent checks of the battery fluid level. JUMP STARTING If jump starting is necessary, see “Jump starting” in the “In case of emergency” section of this manual. If the engine does not start by jump starting, the battery may have to be replaced. Contact a NISSAN dealer. WDI0286 KA24DE engine 1 Crankshaft 2 Water pump 3 Generator 4 Air conditioner compressor 5 Power steering fluid pump LDI0302 : Tension checking points2. Check the fluid level in each cell If it is WARNING necessary to add fluid, add only distilled water to bring the level up to the bottom of Be sure the ignition key is in the OFF or the filler opening. Do not overfill. LOCK position. The engine could rotate unexpectedly. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-19 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 1. Visually inspect each belt for signs of un- usual wear, cuts, fraying or looseness. If the belt is in poor condition or is loose, have it replaced or adjusted by a NISSAN dealer. 2. Have the belts checked regularly for condi- tion and tension in accordance with the maintenance schedule found in the “NISSAN Service and Maintenance Guide”. WDI0287 WDI0288 VG33E engine VG33ER engine 1 Crankshaft 1 Crankshaft 2 Water pump 2 Water pump 3 Alternator 3 Generator 4 Air conditioner compressor 4 Air conditioner compressor 5 Power steering fluid pump 5 Power steering pump 6 Supercharger : Tension checking points 7 Idler : Tension checking points8-20 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • SPARK PLUGS WARNING Be sure the engine and ignition switch are off and that the parking brake is engaged securely. CAUTION Be sure to use the correct socket to re- move the spark plugs. An incorrect socket can damage the spark plugs. WDI0005 WDI0193REPLACING SPARK PLUGS KA24DE enginePlatinum-tipped spark plugs Except superchargerIt is not necessary to replace platinum-tipped 1. Disconnect the spark plug cables.spark plugs as frequently as conventional type When disconnecting, always hold thespark plugs because they last much longer. Fol- boots — not the cables. Mark all cableslow the maintenance schedule, but do not reuse to identify their original location.the spark plugs by cleaning or regapping. 2. Remove the spark plugs with a spark plug ● Always replace spark plugs with rec- socket. ommended or equivalent ones. The plug socket has a rubber seal that holds the spark plug so it does not fall when it is pulled out. Make sure each spark plug is snugly fitted into the spark plug socket. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-21 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • AIR CLEANER Spark plug tightening torque: 14 - 22 ft-lb (20 - 29 N·m) 4. Reconnect the spark plug cables to their original positions. With Supercharger If replacement is required, please see your NISSAN dealer for assistance. WDI0290 The air cleaner filter should not be cleaned and reused. Replace it according to the maintenance intervals shown in the “NISSAN Service and Maintenance Guide.” When replacing the filter, wipe the inside of the air cleaner filter housing and the cover with a damp cloth. WDI0289 VG33E/VG33ER engine 3. Fit the new plugs, one at a time, into the spark plug socket and install them. Use only the specified spark plugs. Turn each plug several full turns by hand, then tighten with the spark plug socket to the correct torque. Do not overtighten.8-22 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Never pour fuel into the throttle body or attempt to start the engine with the air cleaner removed. Doing so could result in serious injury. IN-CABIN MICROFILTER (if so equipped) The in-cabin microfilter restricts the entry of air- borne dust and pollen particles and reduces some objectionable outside odors. The filter is located behind the glove box. Refer to the “NISSAN Service and Maintenance Guide” for change intervals. WDI0291 To change the filter, perform the following proce- WDI0315 dure: 1. Pivot pins WARNING 2. Glove box● Operating the engine with the air cleaner removed can cause you or oth- 1. Remove the two pivot pins from the glove ers to be burned. The air cleaner not box. Remove the glove box. only cleans the air, it stops the flame if the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and CAUTION the engine backfires, you could be Do not disturb the front of the air bag burned. Do not drive with the air cleaner module. removed, and be careful when working on the engine with the air cleaner removed. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-23 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WDI0316 WDI0317 WDI03181. Reinforcement panel 1. Colling unit 1. Cooling unit2. Cooling unit 2. Clip 2. Filter3. Screws 3. Remove the clip securing the filters in the 4. Remove the filters.4. Clip intake unit. 2. Remove the 7 screws and 1 clip from the NOTE: glove box frame. Remove the glove box The filters must be aligned with the plastic frame. hook at the bottom. 5. Insert the first filter in the bottom position. Slide it up to the top position and insert the second filter in the bottom position. 6. Secure the filter with the clip. 7. Install the glove box frame. 8. Install the glove box.8-24 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WDI03191. Glove box2. Label (small)3. Label (large) 9. Fill out the date information on the small label. Attach the small and large labels to the glove box lid. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-25 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES WDI0308CLEANING 4. Insert the new wiper blade onto the wiper CAUTION arm until it clicks into place.If your windshield is not clear after using the Worn windshield wiper blades can dam-windshield washer or if a wiper blade chatters age the windshield and impair driver CAUTIONwhen running, wax or other material may be on vision.the blade or windshield. ● After wiper blade replacement, return REPLACING the wiper arm to its original position;Clean the outside of the windshield with a washer otherwise it may be damaged when thesolution or a mild detergent. Your windshield is Replace the wiper blades if they are worn. hood is opened.clean if beads do not form when rinsing with clearwater. ᭺ 1 Lift the wiper arm away from the windshield. ● Make sure the wiper blades contact the glass; otherwise the arms may be dam-Clean each blade by wiping it with a cloth soaked ᭺ 2 Push the release tab, then move the wiper aged from wind pressure.in a washer solution or a mild detergent. Then blade down the wiper arm to remove.rinse the blades with clear water. If your wind-shield is still not clear after cleaning the blades ᭺ 3 Remove the wiper blade.and using the wiper, replace the blades.8-26 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WDI0195If you wax the surface of the hood, be careful notto let wax get into the washer nozzle ᭺. This may 1cause clogging or improper windshield washeroperation. If wax gets into the nozzle, remove itwith a needle or small pin ᭺. 2 Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-27 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WDI0292Rear window wiper blade᭺1 Lift the wiper arm away from the windshield.᭺2 Push the wiper blade in and pivot until the blade becomes free.᭺3 Insert a new blade onto the wiper arm and snap into place.8-28 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • PARKING BRAKE AND BRAKE PEDAL Self-adjusting brakes Your vehicle is equipped with self-adjusting brakes. The front disc-type brakes self-adjust every time the brake pedal is applied. The rear drum-type brakes on two-wheel drive vehicles self-adjust every time the parking brake is applied. The rear drum-type brakes on four-wheel drive vehicles self-adjust every time the brake pedal is applied. If the brake pedal goes down farther than normal, it may be due to lack of adjustment of the rear drum brakes. Apply the parking brake several WDI0293 WDI0197 times.CHECKING PARKING BRAKE CHECKING BRAKE PEDAL WARNINGFrom the released position, firmly push the park- With the engine running, check the distance A If the brake pedal height does not returning brake down. If the number of clicks is out of between the upper surface of the pedal and the to normal, see a NISSAN dealer and havethe range listed, see a NISSAN dealer. metal floor. If it is out of the range shown, see a it checked. ● 6–7 clicks under depressing force of 44 lb NISSAN dealer. (196 N). Brake pad wear indicators Distance A: Under depressing force of 110 lb (490 N) The disc brake pads on your vehicle have audible wear indicators. When a brake pad requires re- Automatic Manual placement, a high pitched scraping or screech- Transmission Transmission ing sound will be heard when the vehicle is in 4 1/4 in (110 mm) 4 in (100 mm) motion. The noise will be heard whether or not the brake pedal is depressed. Have the brakes checked as soon as possible if the wear indicator sound is heard. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-29 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Under some driving or climate conditions, occa- 3. With the brake pedal depressed, stop thesional brake squeak, squeal or other noise may engine. Keep the pedal depressed for aboutbe heard. Occasional brake noise during light to 30 seconds. The pedal height should notmoderate stops is normal and does not affect the change.function or performance of the brake system. 4. Run the engine for one minute without de-The rear drum brakes (if so equipped) do not pressing the brake pedal, then turn it off.have audible wear indicators. Should you ever Depress the brake pedal several times. Thehear an unusually loud noise from the rear drum pedal travel distance will decrease graduallybrakes, have them inspected as soon as possible with each depression as the vacuum is re- leased from the booster.by a NISSAN dealer. If the brakes do not operate properly, have theProper brake inspection intervals should brakes checked by a NISSAN dealer.be followed. For more information regardingbrake inspections, see the appropriate mainte-nance schedule information in the “NISSAN Ser-vice and Maintenance Guide”.BRAKE BOOSTERCheck the brake booster function as follows: 1. With the engine off, press and release the brake pedal several times. When brake pedal movement (distance of travel) remains the same from one pedal application to the next, continue on to the next step. 2. While depressing the brake pedal, start the engine. The pedal height should drop a little.8-30 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • FUSES WDI03041. Fuse box 1. Be sure the ignition switch and the headlight2. Spare fuses switch are OFF.3. Fuse puller 2. Pull the fuse box cover to remove ᭺. APASSENGER COMPARTMENT 3. Remove the fuse with the fuse puller ᭺. B CAUTIONNever use a fuse of a higher amperagerating than specified on the fuse boxcover. This could damage the electricalsystem or cause a fire.If any electrical equipment does not operate,check for an open fuse. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-31 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • KEYFOB BATTERY REPLACEMENT WDI0200 4. If the fuse is open, replace it with a known good fuse. 5. Push the fuse box cover to install. 6. If a new fuse also opens, have the electrical system checked and repaired by a NISSAN dealer. WPD0160 Replace the battery in the keyfob as follows: Recommended battery: Toshiba CR2025 or equivalent. ᭺ 1 Open the lid using a coin. ᭺ 2 Remove the battery. ᭺ 4 Close the lid securely. ᭺ 3 Install a new battery with the “+” facing down.8-32 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • LIGHTS 5. Press the button, then the Operation is subject to the following two HEADLIGHTS button two or three times to check the key- conditions: (1) This device may not cause fob operation. harmful interference, and (2) this device The headlight is a semi-sealed beam type which must accept any interference received, in- uses a replaceable headlight (halogen) bulb. AIf the battery is removed for any reason bulb can be replaced from inside the engine cluding interference that may cause undes-other than replacement, perform step 5. compartment without removing the headlight as- ired operation of the device. ● An improperly disposed battery can sembly. hurt the environment. Always confirm local regulations for battery disposal. CAUTION ● The keyfob is water-resistant; how- ● High pressure halogen gas is sealed ever, if it does get wet, immediately inside the halogen bulb. The bulb may wipe completely dry. break if the glass envelope is scratched or the bulb is dropped. ● The operational range of the keyfob extends to approximately 33 ft (10 m) ● When handling the bulb, do not touch from the vehicle. This range may vary the glass envelope. with conditions. ● DO NOT TOUCH THE BULBFCC Notice: ● Use the same number and wattage asChanges or modifications not expressly ap- originally installed:proved by the manufacturer for compliancecould void the user’s authority to operate Wattage 65/55Bulb No. HB5/9007*the equipment. *: Always check with the Parts Depart-This device complies with Part 15 of the ment at a NISSAN dealer for the latestFCC Rules and RSS-210 of Industry parts information.Canada. ● Do not leave the bulb out of the head- light reflector for a long period of time as dust, moisture and smoke may enter the headlight body and affect the per- formance of the headlight. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-33 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Aiming is not necessary after replacing 4. Turn the bulb retaining ring counterclock- the bulb. When aiming adjustment is wise until it is free form the headlight reflec- necessary, contact a NISSAN dealer. tor and then remove it ᭺. A 5. Carefully remove the headlight bulb. Do not shake or rotate the bulb when removing it ᭺. B Replacing the headlight bulb 1. Insert the bulb. DO NOT TOUCH THE BULB. 2. Install and tighten the bulb retainer. ● Be sure the lip of the bulb socket con- tacts the headlight body. 3. Push the electrical connector into the bulb plastic base until it snaps and stops. 4. Connect the negative (-) battery cable. 5. Close the hood. FOG LIGHTS (if so equipped) WDI0294 Replacing the fog light bulb Removing the headlight bulb CAUTION 1. Open the hood. ● High pressure halogen gas is sealed 2. Disconnect the negative (-) battery cable. inside the halogen bulb. The bulb may 3. Disconnect the electrical connector from the break if the glass envelope is scratched rear end of the bulb. or the bulb is dropped.8-34 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● When handling the bulb, do not touch the glass envelope.1. Disconnect the negative (-) battery cable.2. Unclip the two metal clips on the side of the fog light.3. Pull out and support the fog light assembly.4. Disconnect the fog light bulb connector.5. Lift the spring retainer.6. Remove the fog light bulb from housing. ● The fog light bulb cannot be separated from the wire and is serviced as an as- sembly.7. Install the new bulb in the reverse order of removal. DO NOT TOUCH THE BULB. WDI0204 Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-35 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • EXTERIOR AND INTERIOR LIGHTS Item Wattage (W) Bulb No.*1Headlight 65/55 9007Turn signal light 28/8 3457AK*2Parking light 5 168*2Side marker 5 168Rear combination light Turn signal 27 3157Ak Stop/Tail 27/7 3057k Back-up 16 921License plate light 3.8 168Fog light 55 H3Dome light 8 82Map light without compass 8 82Map light with compass 3.8 168High-mounted stop light 12.8 912*1: Always check with the Parts Department at a NISSAN dealer for the latest parts information.*2: The bulb is not serviceable in-vehicle. See a NISSAN dealer for assistance. WDI0295 Replacement procedures All other lights are either type A, B, C or D. When replacing a bulb, first remove the lens and/or cover. : Indicates bulb removal : Indicates bulb installation8-36 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WDI0309 WDI0310Map light Dome light Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-37 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WDI0311 WDI0312 High-mounted stop light License plate light8-38 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WDI0313 WDI0314Rear combination light Side marker light Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-39 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WHEELS AND TIRES COLD. Tires are considered COLD after the ● Do not drive your vehicle over 85 MPH vehicle has been parked for three or more hours, (137 km/h) unless it is equipped with or driven less than 1 mile (1.6 km) at moderate high speed rated tires. Driving faster speeds. COLD tire pressures are shown on the than 85 MPH (137 km/h) may result in tire placard affixed to the inside of the glove box tire failure, loss of control and possible lid. injury. ● For additional information regarding WARNING tires, refer to Important Tire Safety In- ● Improperly inflated tires can fail sud- formation (US) or Tire Safety Informa- denly and cause an accident. tion (Canada) in the Warranty Informa- tion Booklet. ● The vehicle weight capacity is indicated on the F.M.V.S.S. certification label. Do TYPES OF TIRES not load your vehicle beyond this ca- WDI0210 pacity. Overloading your vehicle may result in reduced tire life, unsafe oper- WARNINGIf you have a flat tire, see the “In case ofemergency” section in this manual. ating conditions due to premature tire ● When changing or replacing tires, be failure, or unfavorable handling charac- sure all four tires are of the same typeTIRE PRESSURE teristics and could also lead to a seri- (i.e., Summer, All Season or Snow) and ous accident. Loading beyond the construction. A NISSAN dealer may beMaximum inflation pressure specified capacity may also result in able to help you with information aboutDo not exceed the maximum inflation pressures failure of other vehicle components. tire type, size, speed rating and avail-shown on the sidewall of the tire ᭺. 1 ● Before taking a long trip, or whenever ability. Replacement tires may have a you heavily load your vehicle, use a tire lower speed rating than the factoryTire inflation pressure pressure gauge to ensure that the tire equipped tires, and may not match the pressures are at the specified level. potential maximum vehicle speed.Check the tire pressure (including the spare) at Never exceed the maximum speed rat-least once a month and always prior to long ing of the tire.distance trips. Incorrect tire pressure may ad-versely affect tire life and vehicle handling. Tirepressure should be checked when tires are8-40 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● For additional information regarding original equipment tires. If you do not, it can the tire and the closest vehicle suspension or tires, refer to Important Tire Safety In- adversely affect the safety and handling of your body component required to accommodate the formation (US) or Tire Safety Informa- vehicle. use of a winter traction device (tire chains or tion (Canada) in the Warranty Informa- cables). The minimum clearances are determined Generally, snow tires have lower speed ratings using the factory equipped tire size. Other types tion Booklet. than factory equipped tires and may not match may damage your vehicle. Use chain tensioners the potential maximum vehicle speed. Never ex- when recommended by the tire chain manufac-All season tires ceed the maximum speed rating of the tire. turer to ensure a tight fit. Loose end links of theNISSAN specifies All Season tires on some mod- tire chain must be secured or removed to prevent If you install snow tires, they must be the sameels to provide good performance all year, includ- the possibility of whipping action damage to the size, brand, construction and tread pattern on alling snowy and icy road conditions. All Season fenders or underbody. If possible, avoid fully load- four wheels.tires are identified by ALL SEASON and/or M&S ing your vehicle when using tire chains. In addi-on the tire sidewall. Snow tires have better snow For additional traction on icy roads, studded tires tion, drive at a reduced speed. Otherwise, yourtraction than All Season tires and may be more may be used. However, some U.S. states and vehicle may be damaged and/or vehicle handlingappropriate in some areas. Canadian provinces prohibit their use. Check and performance may be adversely affected. local, state and provincial laws before installing Tire chains must be installed only on theSummer tires studded tires. Skid and traction capabilities of rear wheels and not on the front wheels.NISSAN specifies summer tires on some models studded snow tires on wet or dry surfaces may be poorer than that of non-studded snow tires. Never install tire chains on a TEMPORARY USEto provide superior performance on dry roads. ONLY spare tire.Summer tire performance is substantially re- TIRE CHAINSduced in snow and ice. Summer tires do not have Do not use tire chains on dry roads. Driving withthe tire traction rating “M&S” on the tire sidewall. Use of tire chains may be prohibited according to chains in such conditions can cause damage to location. Check the local laws before installing the various mechanisms of the vehicle due toIf you plan to operate your vehicle in snowy or icy tire chains. When installing tire chains, make sure some overstress.conditions, NISSAN recommends the use of they are the proper size for the tires on yourSNOW tires or ALL SEASON tires on all four vehicle and are installed according to the chain Use only the 2WD range when driving on clearwheels. manufacturer’s suggestions. Use only SAE paved roads.Snow tires class “S” chains. Class ЉSЉ chains are used on vehicles with restricted tire to vehicle clearance.If snow tires are needed, it is necessary to select Vehicles that can use Class “S” chains are de-tires equivalent in size and load rating to the signed to meet the minimum clearances between Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-41 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • The wheel nuts must be kept tightened to specifications at all times. It is recom- mended that wheel nuts be tightened to specification at each tire rotation interval. WARNING ● After rotating the tires, check and ad- just the tire pressure. ● Retighten the wheel nuts when the ve- hicle has been driven for 600 miles (1,000 km) (also in cases of a flat tire, etc.). ● Do not include the spare tire in the tire WDI0258 rotation. WDI0259CHANGING WHEELS AND TIRES ● For additional information regarding 1. Wear indicator tires, refer to Important Tire Safety In- 2. Location markTire rotation formation (US) or Tire Safety Informa-NISSAN recommends rotating the tires every tion (Canada) in the Warranty Informa- Tire wear and damage7,500 miles (12,000 km). tion Booklet. WARNINGSee “Flat tire” in the “In case of emergency” ● Tires should be periodically inspectedsection in this manual for tire replacing proce- for wear, cracking, bulging or objectsdures. caught in the tread. If excessive wear,As soon as possible, tighten the wheel nuts cracks, bulging or deep cuts are found,to the specified torque with a torque the tire(s) should be replaced.wrench.Wheel nut tightening torque: 98 ft-lb (133 N·m)8-42 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● The original tires have built-in tread WARNING ● When a spare tire is mounted or a wheel wear indicators. When the wear indica- is replaced, the low tire pressure warn- tors are visible, the tire(s) should be ● The use of tires other than those recom- ing system will not function. Contact replaced. mended or the mixed use of tires of your NISSAN dealer as soon as pos- different brands, construction (bias, sible for tire replacement and/or sys-● Improper service of the spare tire may bias-belted or radial), or tread patterns tem resetting (for models with the low result in serious personal injury. If it is can adversely affect the ride, braking, tire pressure warning system). necessary to repair the spare tire, con- handling, ground clearance, body-to- tact a NISSAN dealer. tire clearance, tire chain clearance, ● Do not install a deformed wheel or tire speedometer calibration, headlight aim even if it has been repaired. Such● For additional information regarding and bumper height. Some of these ef- wheels or tires could have structural tires, refer to Important Tire Safety In- fects may lead to accidents and could damage and could fail without warning. formation (US) or Tire Safety Informa- tion (Canada) in the Warranty Informa- result in serious personal injury. ● The use of retread tires is not tion Booklet. ● If the wheels are changed for any rea- recommended. son, always replace with wheels which ● For additional information regardingReplacing wheels and tires have the same off-set dimension. tires, refer to Important Tire Safety In-When replacing a tire, use the same size, tread Wheels of a different off-set could formation (US) or Tire Safety Informa- cause premature tire wear, degrade ve- tion (Canada) in the Warranty Informa-design, speed rating and load carrying capacity hicle handling characteristics and/or tion Booklet.as originally equipped. Recommended types and interference with the brakesizes are shown in “Wheels/tire size” in the discs/drums. Such interference can“Technical and consumer information” section of lead to decreased braking efficiencythis manual. and/or early brake pad/shoe wear. Re- fer to “Wheel/tire size” in the “Techni- cal and consumer information” section of this manual for wheel off-set dimensions. Maintenance and do-it-yourself 8-43 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Four-wheel drive models ● For additional information regarding tires, refer to “Important Tire Safety CAUTION Information” (US) or “Tire Safety Infor- mation” (Canada) in the Warranty In-Always use tires of the same type, size, formation Booklet .brand, construction (bias, bias-belted orradial), and tread pattern on all four Care of wheelswheels. Failure to do so may result in a ● Wash the wheels when washing the vehiclecircumference difference between tires to maintain their appearance.on the front and rear axles which willcause excessive tire wear and may dam- ● Clean the inner side of the wheels when theage the transmission, transfer case and wheel is changed or the underside of thedifferential gears. vehicle is washed.If excessive tire wear is found, it is recommended ● Do not use abrasive cleaners when washingthat all four tires be replaced with tires of the the wheels.same size, brand, construction and tread pattern. ● Inspect wheel rims regularly for dents orThe tire pressure and wheel alignment should corrosion. Such damage may cause loss ofalso be checked and corrected as necessary. pressure or poor seal at the tire bead.Contact a NISSAN dealer. ● NISSAN recommends waxing the roadWheel balance wheels to protect against road salt in areas where it is used during winter.Unbalanced wheels may affect vehicle handlingand tire life. Even with regular use, wheels can getout of balance. Therefore, they should be bal-anced as required.Wheel balance service should be per-formed with the wheels off the vehicle.Spin balancing the wheels on the vehiclecould lead to mechanical damage.8-44 Maintenance and do-it-yourself ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 9 Technical and consumer informationCapacities and recommended fuel/lubricants . . . . . . . . . 9-2 Installing front license plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-13 Fuel recommendation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-3 Vehicle loading information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-13 Engine oil and oil filter recommendation . . . . . . . . . . . 9-5 Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-13 Recommended SAE viscosity number . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-6 Determining vehicle load capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-14 Air conditioner system refrigerant and Securing the load. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-14 lubricant recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-6 Loading tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-15Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-7 Payload weight capacity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-15 Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-7 Measurement of weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-16 Wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-8 Towing a trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-17 Dimensions and weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9 Maximum load limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-17When traveling or registering your vehicle inanother country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10 Towing load/specification chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-19Vehicle identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10 Towing safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-20 Vehicle identification number (VIN) plate . . . . . . . . . 9-10 Uniform tire quality grading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-23 Vehicle identification number Emission control system warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-24 (chassis number) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10 Reporting safety defects (US only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-25 Engine serial number. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-11 Readiness for inspection/maintenance (I/M) test . . . . . 9-25 F.M.V.S.S. certification label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-11 Dynamometer testing for Inspection/ Emission control information label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-12 Maintenance (I/M) test (US only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-26 Tire placard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-12 Owner’s manual/service manual order information . . . . 9-27 Air conditioner specification label. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-12 In the event of a collision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-28 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • CAPACITIES AND RECOMMENDEDFUEL/LUBRICANTSThe following are approximate capacities. The actual refill capacities may be a little different. When refilling, follow the proceduredescribed in the “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section to determine the proper refill capacity. Capacity (Approximate) US Imp measure Liter Recommended Fluids and Lubricants measureFuel without supercharger 19–3/8 gal 16–1/8 gal 73.4 Unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of at least 87 AKI (RON 91)*1 with supercharger 19–3/8 gal 16–1/8 gal 73.4 Unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of at least 91 AKI (RON 96)*1Engine oil Drain and Refill KA24DE With oil filter 3–3/4 qt 3–1/8 qt 3.5 • API Certification Mark *2 Without oil filter 3–1/2 qt 2–7/8 qt 3.3 • API grade SG/SH, Energy Conserving II or API grade SJ or SL, Energy Conserving *2 • ILSAC grade GF-II & GF-III VG33E/VG33ER With oil filter 3–1/2 qt 2–7/8 qt 3.3 Without oil filter 3–1/8 qt 2–5/8 qt 3.0Cooling system (with heater and reservoir tank) KA24DE M/T 4X2 7–3/4 qt 6–3/8 qt 7.3 50% Genuine NISSAN Long Life Anti-freeze Coolant or equivalent VG33E/VG33ER A/T & M/T 11–5/8 qt 9–5/8 qt 10.95 50% Demineralized or distilled waterManual transmission gear oil KA24DE 4X2 4–1/4 pt 3–1/2 pt 2.0 VG33E/VG33ER 4X2 5–7/8 pt 4–7/8 pt 2.8 API GL-4, Viscosity SAE 75W-85 4X4 10–3/4 pt 9 pt 5.1Final drive gear oil KA24DE 4X2 M/T 2–3/4 pt 2–1/4 pt 1.3 VG33E/VG33ER 4X4 Front 3–3/4 pt 3–1/8 pt 1.75 API GL-5, Viscosity SAE 80W-90*1 or 80W-90 LS*1 for Limited Slip Differential (LSD) applications*2 Rear 5–7/8 pt 4–7/8 pt 2.8Transfer fluid 2–3/8 qt 2 qt 2.2 API GL-4, Viscosity SAE 75W-85 or 75W-90 or NISSAN Matic Fluid D (Continental U.S. and Alaska) or Canada NISSAN Automatic Transmission Fluid.*3Automatic transmission fluid NISSAN Matic Fluid D (Continental U.S. and Alaska) or Canada NISSAN Automatic Transmission Fluid.*3 Refill to the proper level according to the instructions in thePower steering fluid (PSF) “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section. Genuine NISSAN PSF or equivalent.*6Brake and clutch fluid Genuine NISSAN Super Heavy Duty Brake Fluid*4 or equivalent Dot 3 (US FMVSS No. 116)Multi-purpose grease — — — NLGI No. 2 (Lithium Complex)Air conditioning system refrigerant lb (kg) 1.32 – 1.54 (0.60 – 0.70) HFC-134a (R-134a)*5Air conditioning system lubricant 6.8 oz 7.0 oz 200 ml NISSAN A/C System Oil Type R or equivalent*5Winshield washer fluid — — — Genuine NISSAN Windshield Washer Concentrate Cleaner & Anti-freeze*1: For hot climates, viscosity SAE 90 is suitable for ambient temperatures above 0 ° (32° F).*2: Contact your NISSAN dealer for a list of approved oils.*3: Dexron™ III/Mercon™ or equivalent may also be used. Outside the Continental United States and Alaska contact a NISSAN dealer for more information regarding suitable fluids, including recommended brand(s) of Dexron™ III/Mercon™ AutomaticTransmission Fluid.*4: Available in mainland USA through your NISSAN dealer.*5: For further details, see “Air conditioner specification label.”*6: For Canada, NISSAN Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF), Dexron™ III/Mercon™, or equivalent ATF may also be used.9-2 Technical and consumer information ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • FUEL RECOMMENDATION CAUTION fuels may cause vehicle performance problems and/or fuel system damage.For 2.4L/3.3L engine Using a fuel other than that specified could adversely affect the emission con- ● The fuel should be unleaded and haveUse unleaded regular gasoline with an octane an octane rating no lower than that trol system, and may also affect the war-rating of at least 87 AKI (Anti-Knock Index) num- recommended for unleaded gasoline. ranty coverage.ber (Research octane number 91). Under no circumstances should a leaded ● If an oxygenate-blend other thanFor 3.3L supercharger gasoline be used, because this will dam- methanol blend is used, it should con-Use unleaded premium gasoline with an octane age the three-way catalyst. tain no more than 10% oxygenate.rating of at least 91 AKI number (Research oc- (MTBE may, however, be added up totane number 96). Reformulated gasoline 15%.)If unleaded premium gasoline is not available, Some fuel suppliers are now producing reformu- ● If a methanol blend is used, it should lated gasolines. These gasolines are specially contain no more than 5% methanolunleaded regular gasoline with an octane rating designed to reduce vehicle emissions. NISSAN (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). Itof at least 87 AKI (Research octane number 91) supports efforts towards cleaner air and sug- should also contain a suitable amountcan be used, but only under the following precau- of appropriate cosolvents and corro-tions: gests that you use reformulated gasoline when available. sion inhibitors. If not properly formu- ● have the fuel tank filled only partially with lated with appropriate cosolvents and unleaded regular gasoline, and fill up with Gasoline containing oxygenates corrosion inhibitors, such methanol unleaded premium as soon as possible. blends may cause fuel system damage Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing oxy- and/or vehicle performance problems. ● avoid full throttle driving and abrupt accel- genates such as ethanol, MTBE and methanol At this time, sufficient data is not avail- eration with or without advertising their presence. able to ensure that all methanol blends NISSAN does not recommend the use of fuels of are suitable for use in NISSAN ve-However, for maximum vehicle perfor- which the oxygenate content and the fuel com- hicles.mance, the use of unleaded premium gaso- patibility for your NISSAN cannot be readily de-line is recommended. If any driveability problems such as engine stall- termined. If in doubt, ask your service station ing and difficult hot-starting are experienced after manager. using oxygenate-blend fuels, immediately If you use oxygenate-blend gasoline, please take change to a non-oxygenate fuel or a fuel with a the following precautions as the usage of such low blend of MTBE. Technical and consumer information 9-3 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Take care not to spill gasoline during refu- knock” is a metallic rapping noise.) If se-eling. Gasoline containing oxygenates can vere, this can lead to engine damage. If youcause paint damage. detect a persistent heavy spark knock even when using gasoline of the stated octaneAftermarket fuel additives rating, or if you hear steady spark knock while holding a steady speed on levelNISSAN does not recommend the use of any fuel roads, have a NISSAN dealer correct theadditives (for example, fuel injector cleaner, oc- condition. Failure to correct the conditiontane booster, intake valve deposit removers, etc.) is misuse of the vehicle, for which NISSANwhich are sold commercially. Many of these ad- is not responsible.ditives intended for gum, varnish or deposit re-moval may contain active solvents or similar in- Incorrect ignition timing may result in sparkgredients that can be harmful to the fuel system knock, after-run and/or overheating, which mayand engine. cause excessive fuel consumption or engine damage. If any of the above symptoms are en-Octane rating tips countered, have your vehicle checked at aIn most parts of North America, you should use NISSAN dealer.unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of at However, now and then you may noticeleast 87 (except supercharger) or 91 (super- light spark knock for a short time whilecharger ) AKI (Anti-Knock Index). However, you accelerating or driving up hills. This is not amay use unleaded gasoline with an octane rating cause for concern, because you get theas low as 85 AKI (Anti-Knock Index) number in greatest fuel benefit when there is lighthigh altitude areas [over 4,000 ft (1,219 m)] such spark knock for a short time under heavyas: Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, Wyo- engine load.ming, northeastern Nevada, southern Idaho,western South Dakota, western Nebraska, andthe part of Texas which is directly south of NewMexico.Using unleaded gasoline with an octanerating lower than stated above can causepersistent, heavy “spark knock.” (“Spark9-4 Technical and consumer information ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • NISSAN recommends mineral based oils. These oils must, however, meet the API quality and SAE viscosity ratings specified for your vehicle. Oil additives NISSAN does not recommend the use of oil additives. The use of an oil additive is not neces- sary when the proper oil type is used and main- tenance intervals are followed. Oil which may contain foreign matter or has been previously used should not be used. Oil viscosity WTI0033 The engine oil viscosity or thickness changes the front of the container should be used. This with temperature. Because of this, it is importantENGINE OIL AND OIL FILTER to select the engine oil viscosity based on theRECOMMENDATION type of oil supersedes the existing API SG, SH, or SJ and Energy Conserving II categories. temperatures at which the vehicle will be oper- ated before the next oil change. The chart “Rec-Selecting the correct oil If you cannot find engine oil with the API CERTI- ommended SAE viscosity number” shows theIt is essential to choose engine oil with the cor- FICATION MARK, use an API grade SG/SH, recommended oil viscosities for the expectedrect quality and viscosity to ensure satisfactory Energy Conserving II or API grade SJ or SL, ambient temperatures. Choosing an oil viscosityengine life and performance. NISSAN recom- Energy Conserving oil. An oil with a single desig- other than that recommended could cause seri-mends the use of a low friction oil (energy con- nation SG or SH, or in combination with other ous engine damage.serving oil) in order to improve fuel economy and categories (for example, SG/CC or SG/CD) may Selecting the correct oil filterconserve energy. Oils which do not have the also be used if one with the API CERTIFICATIONspecified quality label should not be used as they MARK cannot be found. An ILSAC grade GF-II & Your new NISSAN vehicle is equipped with acould cause engine damage. GF-III oil can also be used. high-quality genuine NISSAN oil filter. When re- placing, use a genuine NISSAN oil filter or itsOnly those engine oils with the American Petro- equivalent for the reason described in “Changeleum Institute (API) CERTIFICATION MARK on intervals”. Technical and consumer information 9-5 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Change intervals AIR CONDITIONER SYSTEMThe oil and oil filter change intervals for your REFRIGERANT AND LUBRICANTengine are based on the use of the specified RECOMMENDATIONSquality oils and filters. Using engine oil and filters The air conditioner system in your NISSANthat are not of the specified quality, or exceeding vehicle must be charged with the refriger-recommended oil and filter change intervals ant HFC-134a (R-134a) and the lubricant,could reduce engine life. Damage to the engine NISSAN A/C system oil Type R or the exactcaused by improper maintenance or use of incor- equivalents.rect oil and filter quality and/or viscosity is notcovered by the NISSAN new vehicle warranty. CAUTIONYour engine was filled with a high-quality engine The use of any other refrigerant or lubri-oil when it was built. You do not have to change cant will cause severe damage to the airthe oil before the first recommended change conditioning system and will require theinterval. Oil and filter change intervals depend replacement of all air conditioner systemupon how you use your vehicle. components.Operation under the following conditions mayrequire more frequent oil and filter changes: The refrigerant HFC-134a (R-134a) in your NISSAN vehicle does not harm the earth’s ozone ● repeated short distance driving at cold out- layer. Although this refrigerant does not affect the side temperatures earth’s atmosphere, certain government regula- tions require the recovery and recycling of any ● driving in dusty conditions refrigerant during automotive air conditioner sys- ● extensive idling ATI1028 tem service. A NISSAN dealer has the trained RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY technicians and equipment needed to recover ● towing a trailer and recycle your air conditioner system refriger- NUMBER ant. ● SAE 5W-30 viscosity oil is preferred for all Contact a NISSAN dealer when servicing your air temperatures. SAE 10W-30 or SAE conditioner system. 10W-40 viscosity oils may be used if the ambient temperature is above 0°F (-18°C).9-6 Technical and consumer information ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • SPECIFICATIONSENGINEModel KA24DE VG33E/VG33ERType Gasoline, 4-cycle Gasoline, 4-cycleCylinder arrangement 4-cylinder in-line 6-cylinder, V-slanted at 60°Bore x Stroke in (mm) 3.504 x 3.780 (89. x 96.0) 3.602 x 3.268 (91.5 x 83.0)Displacement cu in (cm3) 145.78 (2,389) 199.84 (3,275)Firing order 1–3–4–2 1–2–3–4–5–6Idle speed rpmIgnition timing degree (B.T.D.C.) at idle speed degree/rpm See the “Emission Control label” on the underside of the hood.CO percentage at idle speed [No air] % Except Supercharger SuperchargerSpark plug PFR5G-11 (Standard)*1 PFR5G-11 (Standard)*1 PFR6G-11 (Standard)*1 PFR6G-11 (Cold)*1 PFR6G-11 (Cold)*1 PFR7G-11 (Cold)*1 PFR4G-11 (Hot) *1 PFR5G-11 (Hot) *1Spark plug gap (Nominal) in (mm) 0.039–0.043 (1.0–1.1) 0.039–0.043 (1.0–1.1)Camshaft operation Timing chain Timing belt*2Generator belt size Width x Length in (mm) 0.413 x 35.63 (10.5 x 905) 0.701 x 31.69 (17.8 x 805)*1: Always check with the Parts Department at a NISSAN dealer for the latest parts information.*2: Periodic maintenance is necessary. See “Periodic maintenace schedules” in the “NISSAN Service and Maintenace Guide.”The spark ignition system of this vehicle meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations. Technical and consumer information 9-7 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WHEELS AND TIRES Road wheel/offset in (mm) Tire Spare tire size4X2 XE 15X7J/1.57 (40) Steel P265/70R15 P265/70R15 16X7JJ/1.57 (40) Alloy P265/70R16 P265/70R16 SE 16X7JJ/1.57 (40) Alloy P265/70R16 P265/70R16 17X8JJ (40) Alloy P265/65R17 P265/65R174X4 XE 16X7JJ/1.57 (40) Steel P265/70R16 P265/70R16 SE 16X7JJ/1.57 (40) Alloy P265/70R16 P265/70R16 17X8JJ (40) Alloy P265/65R17 P265/65R179-8 Technical and consumer information ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS Unit: in (mm) XE XE XE SE SE 4x2 4x2 4x4 4x2 4x4 KA24DE VG33E/VG33ER VG33E/VG33ER VG33E/VG33ER VG33E/VG33EROverall length*1 178 (4,520) 178 (4,520) 178 (4,520) 178 (4,520) 178 (4,520)Overall width 70.4 (1,788) 70.4 (1,788) 70.4 (1,788) 70.4 (1,788) 70.4 (1,788)Overall height w/roof rack 73.3 (1,862) 73.3 (1,862) 74 (1,880) 73.6 (1,870) 73.4 (1,865) w/o roof rack 69.4 (1,764) 69.4 (1,764) 69.4 (1,764) 69.8 (1,773) 69.6 (1,768)Front tread 60 (1,525) 60 (1,525) 60 (1,525) 60 (1,525) 60 (1,525)Rear tread 59.3 (1,505) 59.3 (1,505) 59.3 (1,505) 59.3 (1,505) 59.3 (1,505)Wheelbase 104.3 (2,649) 104.3 (2,649) 104.3 (2,649) 104.3 (2,649) 104.3 (2,649)Gross vehicle weight rating See the “F.M.V.S.S. certification label” on the driver side door jamb pillar. lb (kg)Gross axle weight rating Front lb (kg) Rear lb (kg) Technical and consumer information 9-9 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WHEN TRAVELING OR REGISTERING VEHICLE IDENTIFICATIONYOUR VEHICLE IN ANOTHERCOUNTRYWhen planning to drive your NISSAN ve-hicle in another country, you should first findout if the fuel available is suitable for your vehi-cle’s engine.Using fuel with an octane rating that is too lowmay cause engine damage. All gasoline vehiclesmust be operated with unleaded gasoline. There-fore, avoid taking your vehicle to areas whereappropriate fuel is not available.When transferring the registration of yourvehicle to another country, state, provinceor district, it may be necessary to modify thevehicle to meet local laws and regulations. WTI0054 WTI0055The laws and regulations for motor vehicle emis-sion control and safety standards vary according VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERto the country, state, province or district; there- (VIN) PLATE (chassis number)fore, vehicle specifications may differ. The vehicle identification number (VIN) plate is The vehicle identification number is located asWhen any vehicle is to be taken into an- attached as shown. This number is the identifica- shown.other country, state, province or district tion for your vehicle and is used in the vehicleand registered, its modifications, transpor- registration.tation, and registration are the responsibil-ity of the user. NISSAN is not responsiblefor any inconvenience that may result.9-10 Technical and consumer information ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WTI0056 WTI0057 WTI0058 KA24DE engine VG33E/VG33ER engine F.M.V.S.S. CERTIFICATION LABELENGINE SERIAL NUMBER The Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (F.M-The number is stamped on the engine as shown. .V.S.S.) certification label is affixed as shown. This label contains valuable vehicle information, such as: Gross Vehicle Weight Ratings (GVWR), Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR), month and year of manufacture, Vehicle Identification Num- ber (VIN), etc. Review it carefully. Technical and consumer information 9-11 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WTI0059 WTI0060 WTI0061EMISSION CONTROL TIRE PLACARD AIR CONDITIONER SPECIFICATIONINFORMATION LABEL The cold tire pressure is shown on the tire plac- LABELThe emission control information label is at- ard. The tire placard is located as shown. The air conditioner specification label is affixed astached as shown. shown.9-12 Technical and consumer information ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • INSTALLING FRONT LICENSE PLATE VEHICLE LOADING INFORMATION 2. Carefully drill a hole using a 0.39 inch (10 CAUTION mm) drill bit at each location mark (small dimple) on the bumper fascia ᭺. A ● It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area inside a vehicle. In a colli- 3. Insert one grommet into each hole ᭺. B sion, people riding in these areas are 4. Insert a small screwdriver into the grommet more likely to be seriously injured or to turn the plastic insert. killed. 5. Install the license plate with two M5 x 25 mm ● Do not allow people to ride in any area bolts ᭺.C of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and seat belts. ● Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a seat belt properly. TERMS It is important to familiarize yourself with the fol- lowing terms before loading your vehicle: ● Curb Weight (actual weight of your vehicle) - vehicle weight including: standard and op- tional equipment, fluids, emergency tools, and spare tire assembly. This weight does not include passengers and cargo. WTI0062 ● GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) - curb weight plus the combined weight of passengersUse the following steps to mount the front license and cargo.plate: ● GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) - 1. Remove the two screw gromments from the maximum total weight (load) limit specified glove box. for the vehicle. Technical and consumer information 9-13 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) - maxi- Do not apply a total load of more than mum weight (load) limit specified for the 110lbs. (50 kg) to a single metal ceiling front or rear axle. tie-down hook when securing cargo.DETERMINING VEHICLE LOADCAPACITYThe load capacity of this vehicle is determined byweight, not by available cargo space. For ex-ample, a roof rack, bike carrier, or similar equip-ment does not increase load carrying capacity ofyour vehicle.To determine vehicle load capacity:Vehicle weight can be determined by using a WIC0341commercial-grade scale, found at places such asa truck stop, gravel quarry, grain elevator, or a Cargo area ceiling tie-down hooksscrap metal recycling facility. 1. Plastic hook 1. Determine the curb weight of your vehicle. 2. Metal hook 2. Compare the curb weight amount to the SECURING THE LOAD GVWR specified for your vehicle to deter- mine how much more weight your vehicle There are tie down hooks located in both the can carry. ceiling and floor of the cargo area as shown. The tie down hooks can be used to secure cargo with 3. After loading (cargo and passengers), re- ropes or other types of straps. weigh your vehicle to determine if either GVWR or GAWR for your vehicle is ex- Do not apply a total load of more than 33 ceeded. If GVWR is exceeded, remove lbs. (15 kg) to a single plastic ceiling or cargo as necessary. If either the front or rear metal floor tie-down hook when securing GAWR is exceeded, shift the load or remove cargo. cargo as necessary.9-14 Technical and consumer information ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ● Do not load your vehicle any heavier PAYLOAD WEIGHT CAPACITY than the GVWR or the maximum front The payload weight capacity shown on following and rear GAWRs. If you do, parts of your charts indicate the maximum total weight of pas- vehicle can break, tire damage could sengers, optional equipment (air conditioning, occur, or it can change the way your trailer hitch, etc) and cargo that your vehicle is vehicle handles. This could result in designed to carry. loss of control and cause personal injury. Before driving a loaded vehicle, confirm that you do not exceed the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating LOADING TIPS (GVWR) or the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for your vehicle. See ’’Vehicle Loading ● The GVW must not exceed GVWR or Information’’ earlier in this section for details. GAWR as specified on the F.M.V.S.S. Cer- tification Label. Also check tires for proper inflation pressures. See the tire placard . WIC0342 ● Do not load the front and rear axle to the Cargo area floor tie-down hooks GAWR. Doing so will exceed the GVWR. WARNING ● Loads should be spread out, and cargo should be properly secured. Large or heavy● Properly secure all cargo with ropes or objects should be placed toward the front of straps to help prevent it from sliding or the cargo area to help prevent shifting. shifting. Do not place cargo higher than the seatbacks. In a sudden stop or col- CAUTION lision, unsecured cargo could cause personal injury. Overloading can shorten the life of the vehicle. Failures caused by overloading are not covered by the vehicle’s warranty. Technical and consumer information 9-15 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • Payload Weight Capacity MEASUREMENT OF WEIGHTS 2WD 4WD Secure loose items to prevent weight shifts that could affect the balance of your vehicle. When KA24DE VG33E the vehicle is loaded, drive to a scale and weigh Manual Manual Automatic Manual Automatic the front and the rear wheels separately to deter- Transmission Transmission Transmission Transmission Transmission mine axle loads. Individual axle loads should not exceed either of the gross axle weight ratings XE XE SE XE SE (GAWR). The total of the axle loads should not lbs kg lbs kg lbs kg lbs kg lbs kg exceed the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). These ratings are given on the vehicle certifica- Federal 1,235 560 1,080 490 1,080 490 981 445 981 445 tion label. If weight ratings are exceeded, move or California 1,235 560 1,080 490 1,080 490 981 445 981 445 remove items to bring all weights below the rat- ings. Canada N/A N/A 1,001 454 1,001 454 970 440 970 440 Payload Weight Capacity VG33ER 2WD 4WD lbs kg lbs kg Federal 992 450 926 420 California 992 450 926 420 Canada 1,001 454 882 4009-16 Technical and consumer information ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • TOWING A TRAILERYour new vehicle was designed to be used pri- than these or using improper towing equipmentmarily to carry passengers and cargo. Remember could adversely affect vehicle handling, brakingthat towing a trailer places additional loads on and performance.your vehicle’s engine, drive train, steering, brak- The ability of your vehicle to tow a trailer is noting and other systems. only related to the maximum trailer loads, but alsoA Nissan Trailer Towing Guide (U.S. only) is the places you plan to tow. Tow weights appro-available from a NISSAN dealer. This guide in- priate for level highway driving may have to becludes information on trailer towing ability and the reduced on very steep grades or in low tractionspecial equipment required for proper towing. situations (for example, on slippery boat ramps).MAXIMUM LOAD LIMITS WARNINGMaximum trailer loads Vehicle damage and/or personal injury re- sulting from improper towing proceduresNever allow the total trailer load to exceed the are not covered by NISSAN warranties. A CA0009value specified in the following Towing NISSAN Trailer Towing Guide (U.S. only) containing information on trailer towing Tongue loadLoad/Specification Chart found later in this sec-tion.The total trailer load equals trailer weight plus ability and the special equipment required Keep the tongue load between 9 - 11 percent ofits cargo weight. may be obtained from a NISSAN dealer. the total trailer load within the maximum tongue load limits shown in the following Towing ● When towing a trailer load of 1,000 lbs. Load/Specification Chart. If the tongue load be- (454 kg) or more, trailers with a brake sys- comes excessive, rearrange cargo to allow for tem MUST be used. proper tongue load.The maximum GCWR (Gross Combined WeightRating) should not exceed the value specified inthe following Towing Load/ Specification Chart.The GCWR equals the combined weight of thetowing vehicle (including passengers and cargo)plus the total trailer load. Towing loads greater Technical and consumer information 9-17 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • ATI1025Maximum gross vehicleweight/maximum gross axle weightThe gross vehicle weight of the towing vehiclemust not exceed the gross vehicle weight rating(GVWR) shown on the F. M. V. S. S. certificationlabel. The gross vehicle weight equals the com-bined weight of the unloaded vehicle, passen-gers, luggage, hitch, trailer tongue load and anyother optional equipment. In addition, front or reargross axle weight must not exceed the gross axleweight rating (GAWR) shown on the F. M. V. S. S.certification label.9-18 Technical and consumer information ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • TOWING LOAD/SPECIFICATIONCHART Unit: lbs (kg) Engine KA24DE (4 cyl) VG33E/VG33ER (V6) Model 2WD 2WD 4WD Transmission M/T M/T A/T M/T A/TMaxiumum Trailer Weight*1 3,500 (1,588) 3,500 (1,588) 5,000 (2,268) 3,500 (1,588) 5,000 (2,268) Maximum Tongue Load 350 (159) 350 (159) 500 (227) 350 (159) 500 (227) Gross Combined Weight 7,700 (3,492) 8,000 (3,628) 9,500 (4,309) 8,000 (3,628) 9,500 (4,309) Rating Recommended Sway Control Device Sway Control Device Sway Control Device Sway Control Device Sway Control Device Equipment*2*1: All towing above 1,000 lb (454 kg) requires the use of trailer brakes. NISSAN recommends the use of a tandem axle trailer whenever towing above 3,000 lb (1,361 kg).*2: A sway control device is recommended for all towing above 2,000 lb (907 kg). Sway control devices are not offered by NISSAN. See a professional trailer/hitch outlet for a prop-erly designed sway control device for your trailer.M/T = Manual TransmissionA/T = Automatic Transmission2WD = 2-wheel drive4WD = 4-wheel drive Technical and consumer information 9-19 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • TOWING SAFETY ● To reduce the possibility of additional Trailer lightsTrailer hitch damage if your vehicle is struck from Trailer lights should comply with federal and/or the rear, where practical, remove the local regulations. For assistance in hooking upCheck the towing capacity of your bumper hitch hitch and/or receiver when not in use.or receiver-type frame mounted hitch. Choose a trailer lights, contact a NISSAN dealer.proper hitch for your vehicle and trailer. A genuine ● After the hitch is removed, seal the boltNissan trailer hitch is available from your NISSAN holes to prevent exhaust fumes, waterdealer. Make sure the trailer hitch is securely or dust from entering the passenger compartment.attached to the vehicle to help avoid personalinjury or property damage due to sway caused by ● Regularly check that all trailer hitchcrosswinds, rough road surfaces or passing mounting bolts are securely mounted.trucks. Tire pressures CAUTION ● When towing a trailer, inflate the vehicle tires● Special hitches which include frame re- to the recommended cold tire pressure indi- inforcements are required for towing cated on the tire placard. above 2,000 lb (907 kg). Suitable genu- ● Trailer tire condition, size, load rating and ine NISSAN hitches for pickup trucks proper inflation pressure should be in accor- and sport utility vehicles are available at a NISSAN dealer. dance with the trailer and tire manufacturer’s specifications.● The hitch should not be attached to or affect the operation of the impact- Safety chains absorbing bumper. Always use suitable safety chains between your● Do not use axle-mounted hitches. vehicle and the trailer. Safety chains should be● Do not modify the vehicle exhaust sys- crossed and should be attached to the hitch, not tem, brake system, etc. to install a to the vehicle bumper or axle. Be sure to leave trailer hitch. enough slack in the chains to permit turning corners.9-20 Technical and consumer information ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • WTI0064 1. Vehicle harness connector end 2. Connector cap 3. SAE J1239 connector (to trailer) 4. Tow harness connector (to vehicle har- ness) To use the tow harness: WTI0063 1. Remove the connector cap using a suitableTrailer tow harness and module (if so The trailer tow module includes: tool from the vehicle harness, located be- hind the right rear wheel well attached to theequipped) ● trailer tow module which draws power from frame. Store the connector cap in vehicle the vehicle stop lamp fuse glove box for reinstallation.The trailer tow module on your vehicle allowsturn/stop lamp control of a trailer being towed by ● one subharness containing a SAE J1239 2. Connect the tow harness so the vehicleyour NISSAN. specified connector harness located behind the right rear wheel well attached to the frame. Technical and consumer information 9-21 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • 3. Route the trailer tow harness so that it does Pre-towing tips ● Always block the wheels on both vehicle and not block access to the spare tire winch trailer when parking. Parking on a slope is socket. ● Be certain your vehicle maintains a level not recommended; however, if you must do position when a loaded and/or unloaded so, and if your vehicle is equipped with an 4. Connect the tow harness connector (SAE trailer is hitched. Do not drive the vehicle if it automatic transmission, first block the J1239) to your trailer. has an abnormal nose-up or nose-down wheels and apply the parking brake, and 5. Confirm proper vehicle and trailer stop/turn condition; check for improper tongue load, then move the transmission shift selector lamp operation. overload, worn suspension or other possible lever into the P (Park) position. If you move causes of either condition. the shift selector lever to the P (Park) posi- 6. When towing is completed, disconnect the ● Always secure items in the trailer to prevent tion before blocking the wheels and applying tow harness from the trailer and the vehicle. load shift while driving. the parking brake, transmission damage Store the tow harness in the glove box. Rein- could occur. stall the connector cap to the vehicle harness. ● Be certain your rear view mirrors conform to all federal, state or local regulations. If not, ● When going down a hill, shift into a lowerIf you need further assistance in wiring a trailer to install any mirrors required for towing before gear and use the engine braking effect.your NISSAN, contact a NISSAN dealer. driving the vehicle. When going up a long grade, downshift theAlways confirm proper vehicle and trailer Trailer towing tips transmission to a lower gear and reducestop/turn lamp operation every time the speed to reduce chances of engine over-trailer light circuits are connected for use. In order to gain skill and an understanding of the loading and/or overheating. However, for vehicle’s behavior, you should practice turning, long steep grades, do not stay in 1st or 2ndTrailer brakes stopping and backing up in an area which is free gear when driving above 35 MPH (56 km/h). from traffic. Steering stability and braking perfor-If your trailer is equipped with a braking system, ● If the engine coolant rises to an extremely mance will be somewhat different than undermake sure it conforms to federal and/or local high temperature when the air conditioner normal driving conditions.regulations and that it is properly installed. system is on, turn off the air conditioner. ● Always secure items in the trailer to prevent Coolant heat can be additionally vented by WARNING load shift while driving. opening the windows, switching the fan control to high and setting the temperatureNever connect a trailer brake system di- ● Avoid abrupt starts, acceleration or stops. control to the HOT position.rectly to the vehicle brake system. ● Avoid sharp turns or lane changes. ● Trailer towing requires more fuel than normal ● Always drive your vehicle at a moderate speed. circumstances.9-22 Technical and consumer information ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY GRADING● Avoid towing a trailer for your vehicle’s first ● To maintain engine braking efficiency and DOT (Department of Transportation) Quality 500 miles (805 km). electrical charging performance, do not use Grades: All passenger car tires must conform to 5th gear (manual transmission) or overdrive federal safety requirements in addition to these● Have your vehicle serviced more often than (automatic transmission). grades. at intervals specified in the recommended Maintenance Schedule in the “NISSAN Ser- ● Avoid holding the brake pedal down too long Quality grades can be found where applicable on vice and Maintenance Guide”. or too frequently. This could cause the the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and brakes to overheat, resulting in reduced maximum section width. For example:● When making a turn, your trailer wheels will braking efficiency. be closer to the inside of the turn than your Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A vehicle wheels. To compensate for this, When towing a trailer, transmission oil/fluid should be changed more fre- Treadwear make a larger than normal turning radius quently. For additional information, see the during the turn. Treadwear grade is a comparative rating based “Maintenance and do-it-yourself” section earlier in this manual. on tire wear rate when tested under controlled● Crosswinds and rough roads will adversely conditions on specified government test courses. affect vehicle/trailer handling, possibly caus- For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one ing vehicle sway. When being passed by and a half (1-1/2) times as well on the govern- larger vehicles, be prepared for possible ment course as a tire graded 100. However, changes in crosswinds that could affect ve- relative tire performance depends on actual driv- hicle handling. If swaying does occur, firmly ing conditions, and may vary significantly due to grip the steering wheel, steer straight ahead, variations in driving habits, service practices and and immediately (but gradually) reduce ve- differences in road characteristics and climate. hicle speed. This combination will help sta- bilize the vehicle. Never increase speed. Traction AA, A, B and C● Be careful when passing other vehicles. The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are Passing while towing a trailer requires con- AA, A, B, and C. Those grades represent the siderably more distance than normal pass- tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as mea- ing. Remember, the length of the trailer must sured under controlled conditions on specified also pass the other vehicle before you can government test surfaces of asphalt and con- safely change lanes. crete. A tire marked C may have poor traction performance. Technical and consumer information 9-23 ੬ REVIEW COPY:—2003 Xterra (xtr) Owners Manual (owners)—USA English (nna) 02/24/03—tbrooks ੭
  • EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY Your NISSAN vehicle is covered by the following WARNING WARNING emission warranties:The traction grade assigned to your ve- The temperature grade for this tire is es-hicle tires is based on straight-ahead tablished for a tire that is properly inflated For USbraking traction tests and does not in- and not overloaded. Excessive speed, 1. Emission Defects Warrantyclude acceleration, cornering, hydroplan- under-inflation, or excessive loading, ei-ing or peak traction characteristics. ther separately or in combination, can 2. Emissions Performance Warranty cause heat build-up and possible tire Details of these warranties may be found withTemperature A, B and C failure. other vehicle warranties in your Warranty Infor-Temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and mation Booklet which comes with your NISSANC. They represent a tire’s resistance to heat vehicle. If you did not receive a Warranty Informa-build-up, and its ability to dissipate heat when tion Booklet, or it is lost, you may obtain a re-tested under controlled conditions on a specified placement by writing to:indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high tem- ● Nissan North America, Inc.perature can cause tire material to degenerate, Consumer Affairs Departmentreducing tire life. Excessive temperatures can P.O. Box 191lead to sudden tire failure. Grade C corresponds Gardena, CA 90248-0191to a performance level which all passenger car