Context-Aware Content-Centric Collaborative Workflow Management for Mobile Devices

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  • 1. Context-Aware Content-Centric Collaborative Workflow Management for Mobile Devices COLLA 2012Authors: Anna Kocurova, Samia Oussena, Peter Komisarczuk, Tony Clark University of West London, UK
  • 2. Agenda Introduction Use Case Scenario Context-Aware Workflow Management Research Problem & Aim Adapted Workflow
  • 3. Overview Geographically distributed people Work out of office by using mobile devices Collaborate and share content such as pictures and videos Repeating collaborative work patterns
  • 4. Mobile Collaboration Sequence of activities: 1. Take a picture 2. Add own rating to the picture. 3. Send the picture for review to fellow co-workers who can also add comments. 4. Obtain reviews and comments. 5. Reassess the picture. 6. If the idea is good, send the picture for approval to client. 7. Add approved picture is added to completed work.
  • 5. Workflow TechnologyCollaborators expect to have tools to collaborate, share and publish content anywhere and at any given time (Erickson et al. 2009) Described by a workflow language Interpreted by a workflow management system Running workflow instances managed and executed by the system
  • 6. Context • ‘any information that can be used to characterize the situation of an entity’ (Dey, 2001) User-centric: User preference Device-centric: Current task Bluetooth on/off Battery level Context Social: Work context Environmental: of fellow collaborators Location Surrounding devices• Context changes can influence the behaviour of mobile systems• Mobile workflows capabilities can be enhanced by making mobile workflows context-aware• Context is related: context driven workflow execution and context-aware content
  • 7. Context Driven Workflow Execution  Centralised workflow management system  Easier workflow management  Decisions made by servers  Peer-to-peer workflow management system  Device workflow centric process  Devices can make decisions based on local context information  Better context integration and adaptation to collaborators’ needs  No single device has a complete view of the global workflow state  Used in this work
  • 8. Collaboration Context I can review the picture! I don’t workI want to share the picture only today!if I added rating greater than 2. I can review Optimally, obtain two reviews the picture! would be great! I can review the picture! I have a break! ? I can review the picture! I can review the picture! Oh, busy day!
  • 9. Context-Aware Content• Mobile content such as a picture, document, or audio/video file is usually user- generated or adapted for use on mobile devices.• Mobile content is context-aware, semantically enriched by context. Location Time• Basic content lifecycle: creating, processing and disposition• Can flow through a more complex management process Initial Reviewed Assessed Approved Final
  • 10. Research Aim• Investigate the adaptation of the workflow technology for mobile peer-to- peer collaboration by considering context• Integrate a context-aware content lifecycle into workflow management• Provide tools for workflow designers and developers o Workflow Language (metamodel, XML schema) o Workflow Management System (logical and run-time architecture, execution semantics)
  • 11. Adapted Workflow
  • 12. Workflow Language
  • 13. Context Aggregation• Context acquisition and aggregation independent from workflow execution• Two types of context information: o Case independent (Connectivity) o Case dependent with a priori knowledge (Availability)
  • 14. Context Definition• Context Engine to monitor, acquire, aggregate and disseminate context information developed on the Android platform
  • 15. Context Aware Content Lifecycle Context Driven Condition  Context Aware Condition  Query context  Setup a listener If (obtainedContextValue = expectedContextValue) then Do { listen; do (something) onReceive(obtain Context Value) else do (something else) } while(obtainedContextValue = expectedContextValue)
  • 16. Cooperation Overview dependency Adapted Query content manager Content Manager Workflow Content Engine Content State Notify: Provider Machine content state change Query Query context engine context enginedependency dependency Notify: Notify: context change context change Context Engine
  • 17. Workflow Management
  • 18. Practical useDesign own context-aware content-centric workflow(XML document conforming to the XML schema) Mobile Application Deploy definition CONTEXT-AWARE CONTENT-CENTRIC WORKFLOW MANAGEMENT - XML document Distributed Workflow Context Management System EngineWorkflow definition interpreted,workflow instances Communication Middlewaremanaged and executed by Mobile Operating System
  • 19. Summary• Investigation how to adapt the workflow technology in order to enhance mobile peer-to-peer collaboration• Workflow Model to define, manage and execute the context- aware content-centric workflows• Prototypes of the Context Engine and the Distributed Workflow Management System on the Android platform• Benefits for designers and developers of certain classes of mobile collaborative applications
  • 20. References• Dey, A.K., Abowd, G.D., Salber, D.: A Conceptual Framework and A Toolkit For Supporting the Rapid Prototyping of Context-Aware Applications. Hum.-Comput. Interact. 16 (2), pp. 97-166 (2001)• Erickson, J. et al. (2009) Content-Centered Collaboration Spaces in the Cloud. IEEE Internet Computing, pp. 34-42, September/October, 2009.
  • 21. Thank you