INSOCIO: 4th culture


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INSOCIO: 4th culture

  1. 1. CULTURE <ul><li>ELEMENTS OF CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>ETHNOCENTRISM VS. XENOCENTRISM </li></ul><ul><li>CULTURAL DIVERSITY </li></ul><ul><li>By: Ms. Chyrele C. Lintag </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor </li></ul>
  2. 2. CULTURE <ul><li>Latin word “cultura” / “cultus” which means care or cultivation </li></ul><ul><li>Design for living or as a blueprint of behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, arts, morals, laws, customs and other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society (Edward Taylor) </li></ul>
  3. 3. CULTURE <ul><li>Is a person’s social heritage or the customary ways in which groups organize their ways of behaving, thinking and feeling. </li></ul><ul><li>Represents the designs or recipes for living, the interrelated network of norms and roles </li></ul>
  4. 4. Elements of Culture <ul><li>Material Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Is the physical objects a society produces, things people create and use. </li></ul><ul><li>These are the tools, furniture, clothing, automobiles and computer systems, to name a few </li></ul><ul><li>Non Material Culture </li></ul><ul><li>It is consist of elements termed norms, values, beliefs and language shared by the members of a society </li></ul><ul><li>Is considered as carriers of culture: </li></ul>
  5. 5. ELEMENTS OF CULTURE <ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>A. natural knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>B. technological knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>C. supernatural knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>D. magical knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Social norms </li></ul><ul><li>Folkways </li></ul>
  6. 6. KNOWLEDGE <ul><li>The total range of what has been learned or perceived as true </li></ul><ul><li>NATURAL KNOWLEDGE </li></ul><ul><li>refers to the facts about world including both the biological and physical aspects </li></ul>
  7. 7. KNOWLEDGE <ul><li>TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE </li></ul><ul><li>pertains to knowledge of nature which are useful in dealing with practical problems like knowledge of the methods of acquiring food, dealing with diseases, means of transportation, tools and implements and weapons of war. </li></ul>
  8. 8. KNOWLEDGE <ul><li>SUPERNATURAL KNOWLEDGE </li></ul><ul><li>refers to perceptions about the action of gods, goddesses, demons, angels or spirits and natural spirits like the shamans, witches or prophets who are held to possess supernatural powers </li></ul>
  9. 9. KNOWLEDGE <ul><li>MAGICAL KNOWLEDGE </li></ul><ul><li>refers to perceptions about methods of influencing supernatural events by manipulating certain laws of nature </li></ul>
  10. 10. FOLKWAYS <ul><li>Are commonly known as customs, traditions and conventions of behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>It includes innumerable group expectations like: rules of eating, drinking, smoking, dressing, sleeping, dancing, and working, forms of greetings, farewell, ceremonies and rituals, polite behavior and conduct in institutional settings. </li></ul>
  11. 11. MORES <ul><li>Are special folkways which are important to the welfare of the people and their cherished values. </li></ul><ul><li>They are based on ethical and moral values which are strongly held emphasized </li></ul>
  12. 12. LAWS <ul><li>Are formalized norms enacted by people who are vested with governmental power and enforced by political and legal authorities designed by the government. </li></ul>
  13. 13. SANCTIONS <ul><li>Are a system or rewards and punishment </li></ul><ul><li>REWARDS – are positive sanctions for those who behave properly and </li></ul><ul><li>PUNISHMENTS - are negative sanctions for those who behave improperly </li></ul>
  14. 14. Language <ul><li>refer to systematized usage of speech and hearing to convey, communicate or express feeling or ideas </li></ul><ul><li>It is an integral part of culture and human culture cannot exist without it. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Beliefs <ul><li>embody people’s perception of reality and include the primitive ideas of the universe as well as the scientist’s empirical view of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural values are shared assumptions of what is right, good or important. </li></ul><ul><li>Guide man’s behavior and action as he relates himself in most situation </li></ul>
  16. 16. Technology <ul><li>Refers to techniques and know-how in utilizing raw materials to produce food, tools, shelter, clothing, means of transportation and weapons </li></ul><ul><li>ARTIFACTS – the material objects that are the products of technology </li></ul>Computer
  17. 17. ETHNOCENTRISM VS. XENOCENTRISM <ul><li>ETHNOCENTRISM </li></ul><ul><li>Is a belief that one’s own race, nation or group is the best. </li></ul><ul><li>XENOCENTRISM </li></ul><ul><li>This is the idea that what is foreign is best and the one’s lifestyle, products or ideas are inferior to others </li></ul><ul><li>It is centered on product, idea or lifestyle </li></ul>
  18. 18. Cultural Relativism <ul><li>Refers to the viewing of people’s behavior from the perspective of their own culture </li></ul><ul><li>It places the priority on understanding other cultures rather than dismissing them as “strange” or “exotic” unlike ethnocentrism </li></ul><ul><li>Holds that the customs of one culture cannot objectively or be judged superior to those another. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Culture Shock <ul><li>This term is used to describe as occupational disease of people who have been suddenly transplanted in different culture than their own. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Cultural Lag <ul><li>It refers to a situation when one some parts of a culture change at a faster rate than other related parts with a resulting disruption of the integration and equilibrium of the culture. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Cultural Diversity <ul><li>is the variety of human societies or cultures in a specific region, or in the world as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity is defined as the condition of being different. </li></ul>Cultural Diversity
  22. 22. Cultural Diversity <ul><li>1. Cultural Variability </li></ul><ul><li>Culture differ because of the great variety of different societies evolve in solving life problems. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Cultural Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Culture vary significantly in the degree of being internally consistent in their patterns of values, belief and behavior </li></ul>
  23. 23. 3. Cultural Relativity <ul><li>Differences in culture also arise from the relativity of the standards that societies uphold and use for evaluating truth, right, propriety, virtue, morality, legality, justice and absolute standards of right and wrong. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Characteristics of Culture <ul><li>Culture is learned </li></ul><ul><li>Culture is basically a creation of man. It is learned through process of interaction </li></ul><ul><li>2. Culture is shared </li></ul><ul><li>No one person knows the entire culture. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Culture is cumulative </li></ul><ul><li>It is said cumulative because it has a tendency to grow and expand </li></ul>
  25. 25. 4. Culture is dynamic <ul><li>Change in culture is continuous and no culture is totally fix or static </li></ul><ul><li>5. Culture is diverse </li></ul><ul><li>This means that culture varies and is different from one another </li></ul>
  26. 26. Activity <ul><li>Divide the class into 4 groups </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a list showing the difference of values between the past generation and the new generation. </li></ul><ul><li>Have them explain the chosen topic based on the concept presented. </li></ul>