Sentences

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Sentences

  1. 1. Sentences <ul><li>Simple, compound, complex </li></ul>
  2. 2. Simple sentences <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>subject + verb </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Simple sentences <ul><li>Can have a </li></ul><ul><li>compound subject </li></ul>Ex. Mary and John rode the bus. Don’t use a comma!
  4. 4. Simple sentences <ul><li>can have a </li></ul><ul><li>compound verb </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Mary skipped and ran </li></ul><ul><li>in P.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t use a comma! </li></ul>
  5. 5. Compound sentences <ul><li>Subject verb + subject verb </li></ul><ul><li>Separate with a comma & a conjunction (AND, OR, BUT) ! </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure both sides have a subject and verb ! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Complex sentences <ul><li>Subject & verb + subject & verb </li></ul><ul><li>BUT </li></ul><ul><li>One half has a subordinating conjunction attached to it. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. since, although, until, so that, etc. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Complex sentences <ul><li>Subordinating conjunction </li></ul><ul><li>comes at the front of the dependent clause. </li></ul><ul><li>The part of the sentence w/ the sub. conjunction is called the </li></ul><ul><li>dependent clause . </li></ul><ul><li>*It is dependent because it can’t stand alone .* </li></ul>
  8. 8. Complex sentences <ul><li>The part of the sentence w/ NO sub. conjunction is called the </li></ul><ul><li>INDEPENDENT CLAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>(because it can stand alone— independently—as a complete sentence.) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Complex sentences <ul><li>Before the game started , she fell. </li></ul><ul><li>dep. clause ind. clause </li></ul><ul><li>sub. conj. “before” </li></ul><ul><li>Why does this sentence have a comma? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Complex sentences <ul><li>She fell before the game started . </li></ul><ul><li>This sentence is like the one before EXCEPT that the dependent clause is at the end. (It’s underlined.) </li></ul><ul><li>Does this sentence need a comma? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Complex sentences <ul><li>If a dependent clause comes at the beginning, put a comma after it. </li></ul><ul><li>If a dependent clause comes at the end, DON’T use a comma . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Complex sentences <ul><li>Ex. She told me to study so that I would make good grades . </li></ul><ul><li>(dep. clause underlined; no comma) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. So that I would make good grades , she told me to study. </li></ul><ul><li>(dep. clause underlined; has a comma) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Complex sentences <ul><li>If you eat too much, you might throw up. </li></ul><ul><li>Which is the dependent clause? </li></ul><ul><li>The independent clause? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does it have a comma? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Complex sentences <ul><li>I didn’t study although I knew I had a test. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Complex sentences <ul><li>Even though Mary is tired, she does her very best. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Complex sentences <ul><li>If you watch too much T.V., you will go blind. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Complex sentences <ul><li>I fell off the porch after I laughed too hard. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Complex sentences <ul><li>Unless you win the lottery, you should stay in school. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Complex sentences <ul><li>After school I took a </li></ul><ul><li>long nap. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Complex sentences <ul><li>Will you give us time to study before the test? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Complex sentences <ul><li>When you walk down the street, look out for cars. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Complex sentences <ul><li>Remember… </li></ul><ul><li>Each side of a complex sentence contains a subject and a verb; </li></ul><ul><li>A prepositional phrase does not contain a verb! </li></ul>
  23. 23. Now look at your Complex Sentence handout!

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