Assistive Technology: Advocating Present and FuturePresentation Transcript
Assistive Technology: Advocating Present and Future
Introduction 1) Survey of types of Assistive Technology 2) Emerging Assistive Technology Trends 3) Advocating for and with Assistive Technology
True Story 3
• Technology & Education• Education & Communications• Medicine & Technology• Medicine & Education 5
What is Assistive Technology?"Any item, piece of equipment, or product, whether acquired commercially, off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to: Increase Maintain Improve the functional capabilities of Individuals with Disabilities." (Technology Related Assistance Act)
Scope of Assistive TechnologyNo Tech Low Tech Mid Tech High Tech
Assistive Technology versus Instructional Software• Assistive Technology- used to bypass, work around, aide in dealing with a specific disability• Instructional Software- designed to develop and improve specific skills
Capabilities• Activities in daily living • Composing written material• Control of environment • Vision• Mobility • Hearing• Position and seating • Reading• Recreation • Study Skills• Communication • Math• Motor aspects of writing • Computer proficiency -From TAM, 2005
More is not alwaysbetterStart from leastrestrictive to morerestrictive
ReadingPhonemics – what are letters good for?Phonics – what sounds do they make? }Word BuildingSentence Building ComprehensionFluency 12
My Own Bookshelf (So1touch, Inc.)
My Own Bookshelf (So1touch, Inc.)• All so see no‐cost and low‐cost apps for iPod Touch and iPad.
Overlay Maker (IntelliTools, Inc.)
Clicker (CrickSo1, Inc.)
Clicker (CrickSo1, Inc.)• Also see low‐cost and no‐cost apps
PreWriting ProcessInspiration 7.5 The Diagram view helps students create and modify concept maps, webs, idea maps, and other graphical organizers.Audio support is available for studentto have text read aloud or to record their own voices.
Assistive & Augmentative Communication Springboard Vantage Plus Vanguard IIPlus with IBM Plus Dynavox & Dynamite
Free Media Publishing Tools• Blogs: explanation & example 1 & example 2• Wikis: explanation & example• PhotoSharing: explanation• Social Bookmarking: explanation & example• VoiceThread: explanation & example 28
subscribe, read, write, participate
subscribe, read, write, participate AT = AdaptabilitySearch, Copy, Paste, Voice
Constructivist Model ofProfessional Development & Ed Tech1) Create2) Self-Differentiate3) Self-Motivate
Shared Computing• Sugata Mitra: Hole in the Wall experiment showed children learn best at the computer in groups. 32
Open Education Safety1) Keep your personal information secret.2) Never meet anyone in real life you only met online.3) No incoming communications from “outsiders.”
New Publishing Process1) Non-linear & Worldwide2) Must be competitive with what students are doing at home
5 Things You Need1. Free Media Sources2. Free Media Editing Tools3. Free Media Publishing Tools4. Free Media Collaboration Tools 35
Media Sources• United Streaming: – Video, Stills, Audio• YouTube,Vimeo, Subject-specific Video Sites: – Use VPN – Don’t allow referral videos – Download using whatever downloader is available (google “rip youtube videos” for latest version).• TeacherTube: – Request school-wide access via SBTS – Same as YouTube, but vetted• iTunes, Google, Flickr (Creative Commons) Other: – Watch your copyright rights 36
Free Media Editing Tools• Windows MovieMaker: – Edits Video• Windows PhotoStory: – Edits Photos into a Movie• Audacity: – Edits Audio like a Cassette Tape Recorder• PhotoEditor: – There are a number of online options, check with your SBTS. 37
Social Media• Blogging in Groups & comments• Wiki page comments• VoiceThread• Twitter in Groups• Photosharing in Groups• Social Bookmarking in Groups• Skype 38
Parent Productivity Tools• 25 Digital Things All Teachers Should Know (Google it!) – Delicious (tagging) – Wiki (tagging) – PhotoSharing (tagging) – Snagit – RSS Feeds – Google.com (Google Sites, Google Reader, Google Earth) 39
Parent-centricAT and the IEP
What does AT Service Include?“Training or technical assistance for professionals (including individuals providing education or rehabilitation services), employers, or other individuals who provide services to, employ, or are otherwise substantially involved in the major life functions of that child.”-From IDEA, 2004 Sec. 300/a/300.6/f
Why AT and the IEP?• IDEA requires that every IEP/IFSP committee “consider whether the child needs (vs. requires?) assistive technology devices and services” -From IDEIA, 2004
Why Consider AT?• IDEA requires schools to provide AT if it is needed for a student to receive a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE)• AT shall support a student’s participation in learning in the LRE -From IDEA 1997
Never Mention Specific AT Devices or Models in IEP• Define AT within the IEP by functionality genre not by make or model. – One must be able to adapt as much as is required to teach. – Trial and Error – Child Development (Fade the AT) – Technology Development (Upgrade AT)
AT as a Supplementary Aid• AT may be necessary to maintain the student in the LRE• IDEA (300.114/a/2/ii): AT is necessary as a supplementary aid if its presence (along with other necessary aids) supports the student sufficiently to maintain the placement and its absence requires the student’s removal to a more restrictive setting.
IDEA 2004, FAPE, LRE & AT Student
IDEA 2004, FAPE, LRE & ATLRE FAPE Student
IDEA 2004, FAPE, LRE & ATLRE FAPE AT Student
FAPE as Defined in IDEAFree appropriate public education or FAPE means special education and related services that-- (a) Are provided at public expense, under public supervision and direction, and without charge; (b) Meet the standards of the SEA, including the requirements of this part; (c) Include an appropriate preschool, elementary school, or secondary school education in the State involved; and (d) Are provided in conformity with an individualized education program (IEP) that meets the requirements of Sec. 300.320 through 300.324.
WHEN MUST THE DISTRICT PROVIDE ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY?If the answer to any of the following questions is YES:1. AT needed for FAPE? (Free Appropriate Public Education)2. AT needed for LRE? (Least Restricted Environment) • AT needed to access school programs and activities? • AT needed to access related services?
WHEN MUST THE DISTRICT PROVIDE ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY?If the answer to any of the following questions is YES:1. AT needed for FAPE? (Free Appropriate Public Education)2. AT needed for LRE? (Least Restricted Environment) • AT needed to access school programs and activities? • AT needed to access related services? Could AT help the student be more independent?
AT Goals• Assistive Technology should NEVER be the goal itself!• For instance: Using a VOCA, Sara will click the correct picture 5 times with 100% accuracy. BAD• AT is a tool to complete the goal!
Team Training Goal• Write an IEP goal that entire team is trained on AT device. Both use and maintenance.
Independent Use Goal• Write IEP Goals for student to independently care (charge, house, carry, maintain) AT devices.
Outside Caregiver Support Goal• Write IEP Goals for parents and caregivers to learn and be trained on use and care of AT device.
Placement Goal in All Environments• Removal of the student from the classroom or standard living environment to access assistive technology for administrative, staff or caregiver convenience is not appropriate. – School – Homes – After School Caregivers• Behavior Intervention Plan associated with the AT for all environments, referenced in the IEP.
Who Must Pay for AT?• It is the responsibility of the school district to provide for the equipment, services, or programs identified in the IEP. The school district may pay for the equipment, service, or program itself, utilize other resources to provide or pay for the device, or utilize private insurance funds, Medicaid, or other sources of funds as long as the device or service identified in the IEP is provided at no cost to the parent.-From: Family Guide to Assistive Technology, 2000
Can I Take it Home?• If it is determined by the IEP team that a particular AT device or service is necessary for home use in order for the child to receive FAPE, the technology must be provided in the home by the school district to implement the IEP. -From IDEIA, 2004
Who Owns the AT Device?• If the school district purchases the equipment, the equipment belongs to the district. As long as the student stays in the district, the equipment may follow them through different placements.-From: Family Guide to Assistive Technology, 2000