Motivations for today’s session• Planners vs. The Public. “When we ask, “What would you like to see here?”, we suggest that all ideas have comparable merit. That they’re all equally worthy of implementation, even though we know that’s not the case. We lead people to believe that if they ask for a library, there will be a library, regardless of whether or not one’s needed. Or budgeted. Or carries with it the necessary political will to become real. We draw the requested coffee shop or grocery store, with no consideration of market demand or the fact that the city plays no role in leasing decisions. We take orders when we should be leading participants towards answers.” – A blog published this week• Stress over constrained public resources. “We don’t want another plan. We have plenty of them. They all sit on the shelves. We need an implementation strategy.” – Local officials in communities all over the country
Brief History of a Movement Cities have the capability of providing something for everybody, only because, and only when, they are created by everybody 1960s -- Jane JacobsBehind all the current buzz aboutcollaboration is a discipline. And withall due respect to the ancient arts ofgoverning and diplomacy, the morerecent art of collaboration doesrepresent something new -- maybeCopernican. If it contained a siliconchip, we‟d all be excited.-- John Gardner 1990s
Look @ What‟s Happening Today• National League of Cities survey of U.S. Cities (2010) - 81 percent use public engagement processes "often" (60 percent) or "sometimes" (21 percent)• American Planning Association (2012) – “More than 50 percent want to personally be involved in community planning efforts, including more than half of Democrats, Republicans, and independents as well as majorities of urban, suburban, and rural respondents.”• The Citizen Planner is pervasive, and the intellectual children of Jane Jacobs are ever-growing. Civil Society rules.
Local Government is Well-Positioned• Non-Partisan. Over 60 percent of local Govs are Council-Manager systems.• Trust in Government. 74 percent trust local government (as opposed to just 34 percent for Congress)• Social Capital Peaking. recent study: 76% trust most or some of their neighbors, 44% talk to them frequently and 65% exchange favors.
So-called „Secrets‟ to success• Emphasis on civic, not political• Vision tied to action• Community Engagement and Process• Novel Partnerships• Extend and Expand Community Investment• Customization
Facilitating Citizen-Led Change• Democratic wave during last 25 years at the local level• Decentralization - Neighborhood Council Systems and Neighborhood Associations• Aggregation – “there‟s an app for that.” Civic multipliers, crowdsourcing/crowdfunding ($1.5 billion in 2011)• Tactical Urbanism – start small, scale up• Empowerment – over 100 Neighborhood College and Citizen Academy programs
Civic Strategy• Re-orient government and expand notions of the public sector to include the public• Designer Democracy: Orient design/planning profession to serve the public interest and be driven by it.
“We have no public resources to implement”• Volunteerism = $171 billion (only 64 mill people)• Total Charitable Giving = $298.42 billion.• Non-profits = $300 billion in investment into local communities• Over half of all states have enacted legislation to enable private-sector participation in infrastructure projects, where there is an estimated $180 billion to be leveraged• Crowdfunding - $1.5 billion in 2011 alone
So, what does this mean and how does this happen at the community scale?• Joel Mills, American Institute of Architects• Taryn Sabia, The Urban Charrette, Tampa• Erin Simmons, American Institute of Architects• Jim Diers, Neighbor Power
The Urban Charrette is a Tampa-based non-profit organization thateducates and collaborates withcommunity, business, government,and education leaders cultivatingknowledge of leading urban designpractices to build vibrant cities.Smart Growth Citizenship: How Grassroots Action is Transforming Communities, Kansas CityFebruary 09, 2013
We are… designers activists urbanists volunteers organized by young professionals We are Grassroots
Our Role in the Communityvenue for civic design initiativesfacilitator of the conversationinvolve citizens in actively shaping the built environment andultimately making their neighborhoods and cities betterplaces to live.
What we are up against…• No hierarchy to channel growth• Decentralized districts/region• People LIVE in Tampa, but LOVE where they “came from”
In other words• Sprawl Centric• Developer Driven• Automobile Dependent• Lack of a STRONG Identity (vision)
What we are doing about it…Serve the community as citizen urbandesigners in a Frontier Town
The approach…solve the problems through DESIGNDesign Process• Create a Shared Vision• Establish Hierarchy
The approach…• Omni-Present• Building a Network• Entertaining Education• Tactile Urbanism• Idea Farming
Be everywhere, all of the time…The organization is more powerful as an IDEArather than individual personalities or a singleentity.
Momentum Drivers• Saturday morning workshops• Coffee shop gatherings• Participated on committees (many)• Attended farmers’ markets• Spoke at City Council hearings and public presentations
Silo-Busting: redefine the roles of professionalsin the communityBridging the Gap: connecting communitygroups and resources
Mind Your Planners: Social Networking for Better Urban Design “To stir the pot, Fritz, 33, a graduate of USFs School of Architecture, and fellow architect Taryn Sabia, 28, founded a group called Urban Charrette earlier this year. Their goal, in a nutshell, is to make urban planning accessible -- even cool and fun -- to a crowd comprised not just of architects and designers but citizens at large.” - Megan Voeller Creative Loafing Tampa Published 08.29.2007
• Create a forum for communication through venues and social media (face-to-face is still the way to go)• Establish key community partnerships and nurture relationships between the good, the bad, and the ugly
Successes…Downtown Festivals Small Businesses and organizationsCommunity Gardens Neighborhood leaders and City Council membersand SDAT: Connecting Tampa
What is the SDAT program?The SDAT program is acommunity assistance programthat focuses on the principles ofsustainability. SDATs bring teamsof volunteer professionals (suchas architects, urban designers,landscape architects, planners,hydrologists, economists,attorneys, and others) to workwith community decision-makersand stakeholders to help themdevelop a vision and frameworkfor a sustainable future.
SDAT brought together…Municipal LeadersCounty OfficialsPlanning CommissionElected OfficialsCommunity LeadersOrganizationsCitizensStudentsBusiness LeadersMany of these groups hadnever talked to each otherbefore and those that didtended to be injurious
connecting tampathe components of SDAT Tampa how does a cash strapped non-profit pull off an SDAT? Open Mic Discussions Planning Commission Presentations Tampa Downtown Partnership Presentations AIA Emerging Leaders Pecha Kucha Community Radio Neighborhood Group Presentations Local News Media (Creative Loafing, Tampa Bay Business Journal, St. Pete Times) Public Events Ybor Market Downtown Market Neighborhood Group Presentations -Fundraisers
connecting tampa Long Term Recommendations sustainability first light rail focus environmental / economic more than museums community planning education and empower
connecting tampaWhat came out of Tampa’sSDAT…5 focus areas that will buildon the goals of makingTampa more sustainable
Reaching the community at large through fun,interactive events which inform consensusbuilding effortsOpen Mic NightUrbanism on TapTransit TalkWater Taxi Charrette
The Urban Charrette’s OpenMic Night series is designedas a forum where thecommunity can openlyinteract with experts on aparticular topic andprovides the opportunity fordialog on issues that faceour city.
The Urban Charrette isteaming with CNU Tampa tohost discussions on “Us, Them,and the City: A SeriousDiscussion Calls for SeriousDrinks.Engaging youngprofessionals where they go,the bar.
Project Overview Tampa Watertaxi Vision Celebrating Tampa‟s waterfront by Charrette giving people an enjoyable transitexperience that connects the City‟s natural and urban environments. Tampa Downtown Partnership A major feasibility study had been finished by HillsboroughCounty – but what would it look and feel like?
Tampa Watertaxi CharretteThe “HYDRO” is a waterborne commuting systemwhich connects theTampa community alongthe Hillsborough River byproviding an alternativetransportation choice toresidents and visitors thatis accessible, visible, andmarketable.
Tampa Watertaxi Charrette• Unify our urban waterfront neighborhoods.• Create stronger links between the riverfront and adjacent neighborhoods.• Connect the network of cultural venues.• Educate the public about our Estuary.• Activate the Tampa Riverwalk from the river’s edge.• Enhance the quality of life for local residents and visitors.• Increase public use of the riverfront.• Celebrate place at each designated stop through heritage markers,imagery, and public art.
Tampa Watertaxi Charrette
Tampa Watertaxi Charrette
Active Learning through EXPERIENCE• Mobility Market• Conceptual Kiley• ECO.lution
Urban Charrette can seem likea guerrilla movement in itsapproach to influencing urbandevelopment, compared tothe usual process of meetings,hearings and deals betweenpoliticians, officials anddevelopers that often takeplace in paneled andupholstered chambers. -83 Degrees
Mobility MarketTransformation of a downtown Feature local agencies,street into a COMPLETE STREET businesses, and organizations with informative exhibits Promote good design and improved mobility in Downtown Support alternative modes of transportation (electric cars, transit, bike, pedestrian, etc.) Create a sensory experience through a live complete street demonstration
Mobility Market Sidewalks Bike lanes What is a Complete Street? Wide shoulders Plenty of crossing opportunities Bus shelters & crossings Sidewalks bulb-outs Café Seating Representatives from four agencies: TBARTA, HART,Hillsborough MPO and the City of Tampa
The purpose of ECO.lution is to reach atipping point, said City Council memberLinda Saul-Sena, who has beensupportive of the effort. "Once a criticalmass has this vision for a sustainablecommunity, then the vision is possible."
Why is this approach important?
Because we are working to overcomeapathy by making it fun and interestingIn order it to build…CIVIC INFRASTRUCTURE• Build a framework for people to get invested• Value community, value place
Why Civic Infrastructure Matters…Tampa population in 2011, 346,037• 25% under age 18• 10% 18-24• 32% 25-44 young professionals• 20% 45-64• 12% 65 and older32% of people 25+ have a Bachelors Degree or higherMayoral Election in 2011• 190,629 registered voters in the City• Voter turnout 22% (42,486)• Less than 5% were age 25-44 (young professionals)
How do we know it’s working?IDEA Farming…The issues are big and require a lot of partners,community consensus, and actions.New groups approach the Urban Charrette as aresource, the seeds are planted - we now helpgrow IDEAS from the community, for thecommunity!
• Since 1967…Collectively the DAT program, a public service of the AIA, represents over 1000 professionals from more than 30 disciplines providing millions of dollars in professional pro bono services to more than 200 communities across the country.
R/UDATs & SDATs
A 3-5 day event… In communities that range from Guemes Island, WA to Miami, FL… With multi-disciplinary teams tailored to each community… Engaging and empowering the community to define their own process and vision.
DAT Principles• Multi-Disciplinary Team• Objective Outsiders• Community Participation
Port Angeles, WA SDAT (2009)
Port Angeles asked SDAT looked at: for:• An outside eye on community • Views, Viewsheds and needs Natural Systems• Ideas to enhance • Sustainable Transportation Tourism/International Corridor • Downtown Gateway• Improvements for Residents Corridor AND Visitors • Downtown Parking • Economic Development• Short term easy items • Urban Design• Long term costly items • Signage & Urban Design
Immediate Implementation1. Parking study in the downtown area.2. Increase housing opportunity and multi‐use buildings in downtown.3. Institute the use of form based codes rather than conventional zoning.4. Remove the parking regulations in downtown and let the market drive parking.5. Return the Farmers Market to the downtown area.6. Signage and wayfinding system for pedestrian and vehicles.7. Improve existing buildings (appearance, facades, etc. in downtown and elsewhere).8. Provide visitor information kiosks.9. Create an entryway monument.10. Create nodes / centers of key intersections.
Prioritization• Staff picked through and identified implementation items• Survey at Public Meeting• Committee Review and Prioritization
Wayfinding & Signage
PA Today: $75 Million in New Investments
Newport, VT R/UDAT (2009)
Newport asked R/UDAT looked for: at:• Strategies for adaptive reuse. • Housing• Enhanced ties to the • Economic Development waterfront. • Tourism• Multimodal circulation and • Downtown & Historic linkage throughout all nodes of Preservation Newport. • Natural Environment &• Conceptual designs for an Community Open Space inviting streetscape. • Civic Health• Alternatives to existing land • Vision of the City use regulation constraints.
Key Recommendations1. Pool collective talent and resources across the community to address critical issues.2. Implement a new wayfinding and signage system.3. Engage the Community in the Design, Creation, and Maintenance of a Community Garden.4. Convene Stakeholders to Address Loitering Concerns in the Downtown.5. Create a youth Commission or Youth Advisory Council.6. Write and implement a new form based code.7. “Vestpocket” Park Downtown.8. Take full advantage of the Rail Corridor at the Waterfront.9. Visual Repair with Recreation Potential.10. Increase Environmental Art.
Wayfinding & Signage
Form Based Code
Newport 2.0: $250 Million in New Investments• 2011 – Newport receives Foreign Trade Zone status• 2011 – Canadian manufacturing firm co-locates here• 2011 – 2012 – Vermont biotech firm re-locates here• 2012 – 2013 – South Korean biotech firm co-locates here• 2012 – 2013 – Senior residential resort is built• 2013 – 2 014 – Waterfront resort conference center opens• 2013 – 2014 – Re-development of blighted block on Newport’s Main St.
Lessons Learned- Broad Community Participation
Lessons Learned- Transparent Process
Lessons Learned- Form Partnerships
GROWTH ISN’T SMARTUNLESS IT GROWS COMMUNITY
Christchurch, New Zealand
Blue Pallet Pavilion
St. Luke’s Labyrinth
Think Differently Book Exchange
POWER OF COMMUNITY • Respond to Disaster • Prevent Crime • Promote Health • Care for One Another • Care for the Earth • Strengthen Democracy • Advance Social Justice • Create Great Places
STEPS GOVERNMENT AND PROFESSIONALS MUST TAKE TO PARTNER WITH COMMUNITY
Move from Siloed Thinking
To Focusing on Whole Places
Little City Halls
Move from Starting with Needs
To Starting with Strengths
Neighborhood Matching Fund
Eastlake Neighbourhood, Seattle
Uptown Neighborhood Restore paradise, garden a parking lot
Beacon Hill Neighbourhood
Move from Top-Down
Washington State’sGrowthManagement ActRequires localgovernments in urbanareas to accept and planfor the bulk of thestate’s populationgrowth.
City’s Comprehensive Plan
Value of Community-Driven Development•Builds on local knowledge, character and culture•Multiplies available resources•Results in more holistic and innovative projects•Creates ownership that leads to less vandalism andgreater maintenance, programming and use bycommunity•Builds stronger sense of community•Creates support for growth in a way that is trulysmart