1Coral Bay SDATSt. John USVI
2SDAT Process
3
4
5
6
7Program•Context, Findings & Principles•Low Impact Development•Marine Health•Public Realm Plan•Experiential Tourism•Commun...
8Context
9
10
11
12
13Findings
14Significant natural resources
15Strong institutions
16Culture of volunteerism
17Lack of local control
18No planning capacity
19No public realm
20Inadequate transit
21Environmental resourcesunder threat
22Fragmented social capital
23Need for economic opportunities
24Infrastructure challenges
25Doing nothing is not an option
26Principles
27Let nature lead
28Leverage assets
29Cultivate civic capacity
30Activate networks
31Plan for the future
32Low Impact Development
33Systems Approach(image: Encyclopedia Brittanica)
34GI systemswe can map or envision an urban green infrastructure networkSOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROLOGIC G...
35layered and interconnectedmade up of interdependent systemsSOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROLOGIC GEOLOGICHigh...
36GI as DNAGI system functions are the DNA of a placeSOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROLOGIC GEOLOGIC
37social systemsocial functions such as interaction, recreation, and economic stimulusSOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGI...
38circulatory systemcirculatory functions such as pedestrian and bicycle mobilitySOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYD...
39metabolic systemmetabolic functions such as energy, material, & food productionSOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYD...
40biologic systembiologic functions such as photosynthesis and habitat connectivitySOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC H...
41hydrologic systemhydrologic functions such as flow control and water qualitySOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROL...
42geologic systemgeologic functions such as erosion control and soil formationSOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROL...
43
44
45
46
47Best Management Practices (BMP)GREEN infrastructure
48Green Roofs
49Cisterns
50Porous/Permeable Pavement• Pervious Concrete• Porous Asphalt• Permeable Interlocking Pavers• Open-celled (rigid/flexible...
51Bioregion
52Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center
53Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center
54develop liketake this… this and … perform like thisFinally green infrastructure can…
55Marine Health
56Environmental Gems and Coral Bay’sFuture
57Existing Protection and Threats
58Threats Impacting the Health of Coral Bay
59Evidence-based Decision Making andIncreased Communication•Increase crediblescientific evidence and fillin existing data ...
60Example of a ComprehensiveStudyThese maps illustrate that whilecoral bay itself is seagrassdominated it is also connects...
61Research Results to EstablishLocal Environmental Thresholds• Determine mooringcapacities or needs• Determine level of bo...
62Continuing On• Continue or increase competitiveuniversity support• Continue to partner with existinglocal and organizati...
63Public Realm Plan
64A PLAN/SCENARIO for CORALBAY
65Mangrove Walk• Assets- Open Space/RecreationSmall Boat LaunchWalking /PathsTrailsCultural Heritage Site
66• Community ServicesRecreation/Community CenterHealth ClinicPostal Services
67• Economic OpportunitiesTrash and RecyclingAgricultural Corridor
68• Commercial/Tourism CorridorCultural CenterShopping/MarketWater Access
69• Pedestrian and vehicular CirculationCoral Bay Circulator/ShuttlePermeable Pedestrian Sidewalks
70Experiential Tourism
71The building blocks ofexperiential tourism
72Your Heritage
73Your Environment
74Your History
75Flow INTO an Experiential Planfor Visiting Coral Bay
76All to be Mapped andPlanned
77Based on Market Research• Who wants to come to Coral Bay?• Why?
78"In the post-meltdown era,theres been aresetting ofpriorities"
79It Has Been A ToughRoad
80Time is precious
81And that’swhy“experiential travel” isbooming…
82Reconnectiontothemselves,nature,people &culture of theworld is key
83What they remember and cherishthe most are the memories of thelocal people…
84That’s why Coral Bay is theperfect destination forreconnection…
85Close Knit
86Genuine
87Relaxed
88Natural
89Accessible
90Beautiful
91Environmental Assets• Marine Assets– Close Access toMarine Park– Small BoatOpportunities– Permits– Connect to walking,bi...
92Environmental Assets
93Forest & Farm Corridor• Ecoresort• Farm Stand• Walks near forestand mangrove
94Cultural Center• Community Center inheart of civic space• Cultural Center nearMoravian Church withexhibits, crafts,demon...
95Cultural Heritage Corridor
96Historic Assets• Walking Access toFrederik Fort• Connection toJohnny Horn Trail
97Small business development• Plan First• Create Consensus• Build Local Capacity todo Business• Generate sources forcapita...
98Community Development
99Building Community Capacityfor Sustained EconomicDevelopmentThe Coral Bay CommunityDevelopment Corporation
100Building a diverse, inclusive,sustainable community that…• Provides a livelihood for the majority of itsresidents and• ...
101To accomplish this…• Coral Bay should develop a community-based development corporation that:– promotes area--wide impr...
102Many variations of the modelthe world over…• Places a premium on community selfdetermination and voice• Promotes collab...
103Getting to agreement onbuilding community capacity• Find your own path to capacity development• You will need structure...
104Milestone Points• Establishing a non-profit corporation• Creating a mission and a set of goals• Building a board of dir...
105Raising operating and projectsupport• U.S. government familiar with this type ofdevelopment, many agencies offer suppor...
106Functions• Core functions of the organization should be– establish a data platform that the community canconsistently u...
107Possible initialprogramming strategies:•Develop planning capacity that creates a strong policy voice in relationshipswi...
108Skill needs and personnel for CoralBay Community DevelopmentCorporation• Executive director with experience intourism e...
109Early Actions
1101. Relocate the waste and recycling
1112. Start the nature trail
1123. Conduct culturalheritage inventory
1134. Convene CDCtask force with broadrepresentation
1145. Work with Congressionaldelegate on municipalrights under Organic Act
1156. Explore fundingopportunities from HUD, EDA, DOI, VIcommunityFoundation, Rockefeller
1167. Work with park tore-open managementplan
1178. Partner with UVI onBMPs and researchopportunities
1189. Investigate creating a citizen assembly
119Thank you for your hospitality!www.aia.org/liv_sda
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Coral bay presentation final

  1. 1. 1Coral Bay SDATSt. John USVI
  2. 2. 2SDAT Process
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7Program•Context, Findings & Principles•Low Impact Development•Marine Health•Public Realm Plan•Experiential Tourism•Community Development•Action Steps
  8. 8. 8Context
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. 13Findings
  14. 14. 14Significant natural resources
  15. 15. 15Strong institutions
  16. 16. 16Culture of volunteerism
  17. 17. 17Lack of local control
  18. 18. 18No planning capacity
  19. 19. 19No public realm
  20. 20. 20Inadequate transit
  21. 21. 21Environmental resourcesunder threat
  22. 22. 22Fragmented social capital
  23. 23. 23Need for economic opportunities
  24. 24. 24Infrastructure challenges
  25. 25. 25Doing nothing is not an option
  26. 26. 26Principles
  27. 27. 27Let nature lead
  28. 28. 28Leverage assets
  29. 29. 29Cultivate civic capacity
  30. 30. 30Activate networks
  31. 31. 31Plan for the future
  32. 32. 32Low Impact Development
  33. 33. 33Systems Approach(image: Encyclopedia Brittanica)
  34. 34. 34GI systemswe can map or envision an urban green infrastructure networkSOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROLOGIC GEOLOGICHigh Point Redevelopment, Seattle,SvR/Mithun
  35. 35. 35layered and interconnectedmade up of interdependent systemsSOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROLOGIC GEOLOGICHigh Point Redevelopment, Seattle,SvR/Mithun
  36. 36. 36GI as DNAGI system functions are the DNA of a placeSOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROLOGIC GEOLOGIC
  37. 37. 37social systemsocial functions such as interaction, recreation, and economic stimulusSOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROLOGIC GEOLOGIC
  38. 38. 38circulatory systemcirculatory functions such as pedestrian and bicycle mobilitySOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROLOGIC GEOLOGIC
  39. 39. 39metabolic systemmetabolic functions such as energy, material, & food productionSOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROLOGIC GEOLOGIC
  40. 40. 40biologic systembiologic functions such as photosynthesis and habitat connectivitySOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROLOGIC GEOLOGIC
  41. 41. 41hydrologic systemhydrologic functions such as flow control and water qualitySOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROLOGIC GEOLOGIC
  42. 42. 42geologic systemgeologic functions such as erosion control and soil formationSOCIAL CIRCULATORY METABOLIC BIOLOGIC HYDROLOGIC GEOLOGIC
  43. 43. 43
  44. 44. 44
  45. 45. 45
  46. 46. 46
  47. 47. 47Best Management Practices (BMP)GREEN infrastructure
  48. 48. 48Green Roofs
  49. 49. 49Cisterns
  50. 50. 50Porous/Permeable Pavement• Pervious Concrete• Porous Asphalt• Permeable Interlocking Pavers• Open-celled (rigid/flexible) Pavers
  51. 51. 51Bioregion
  52. 52. 52Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center
  53. 53. 53Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center
  54. 54. 54develop liketake this… this and … perform like thisFinally green infrastructure can…
  55. 55. 55Marine Health
  56. 56. 56Environmental Gems and Coral Bay’sFuture
  57. 57. 57Existing Protection and Threats
  58. 58. 58Threats Impacting the Health of Coral Bay
  59. 59. 59Evidence-based Decision Making andIncreased Communication•Increase crediblescientific evidence and fillin existing data gaps• Increase communicationboth locally andprofessionally.
  60. 60. 60Example of a ComprehensiveStudyThese maps illustrate that whilecoral bay itself is seagrassdominated it is also connects tovaluable reef areas which thebay support.
  61. 61. 61Research Results to EstablishLocal Environmental Thresholds• Determine mooringcapacities or needs• Determine level of boatuse appropriate for theharbor and surroundingareas• Identify resources that arestressed and should bemore specific areas of care
  62. 62. 62Continuing On• Continue or increase competitiveuniversity support• Continue to partner with existinglocal and organizations (there isa need on their end too)• Continue to update existingmanagement plans• Continue performing smallerscale action efforts• Model existing framework and/orapply models used by others
  63. 63. 63Public Realm Plan
  64. 64. 64A PLAN/SCENARIO for CORALBAY
  65. 65. 65Mangrove Walk• Assets- Open Space/RecreationSmall Boat LaunchWalking /PathsTrailsCultural Heritage Site
  66. 66. 66• Community ServicesRecreation/Community CenterHealth ClinicPostal Services
  67. 67. 67• Economic OpportunitiesTrash and RecyclingAgricultural Corridor
  68. 68. 68• Commercial/Tourism CorridorCultural CenterShopping/MarketWater Access
  69. 69. 69• Pedestrian and vehicular CirculationCoral Bay Circulator/ShuttlePermeable Pedestrian Sidewalks
  70. 70. 70Experiential Tourism
  71. 71. 71The building blocks ofexperiential tourism
  72. 72. 72Your Heritage
  73. 73. 73Your Environment
  74. 74. 74Your History
  75. 75. 75Flow INTO an Experiential Planfor Visiting Coral Bay
  76. 76. 76All to be Mapped andPlanned
  77. 77. 77Based on Market Research• Who wants to come to Coral Bay?• Why?
  78. 78. 78"In the post-meltdown era,theres been aresetting ofpriorities"
  79. 79. 79It Has Been A ToughRoad
  80. 80. 80Time is precious
  81. 81. 81And that’swhy“experiential travel” isbooming…
  82. 82. 82Reconnectiontothemselves,nature,people &culture of theworld is key
  83. 83. 83What they remember and cherishthe most are the memories of thelocal people…
  84. 84. 84That’s why Coral Bay is theperfect destination forreconnection…
  85. 85. 85Close Knit
  86. 86. 86Genuine
  87. 87. 87Relaxed
  88. 88. 88Natural
  89. 89. 89Accessible
  90. 90. 90Beautiful
  91. 91. 91Environmental Assets• Marine Assets– Close Access toMarine Park– Small BoatOpportunities– Permits– Connect to walking,biking, eating corridor
  92. 92. 92Environmental Assets
  93. 93. 93Forest & Farm Corridor• Ecoresort• Farm Stand• Walks near forestand mangrove
  94. 94. 94Cultural Center• Community Center inheart of civic space• Cultural Center nearMoravian Church withexhibits, crafts,demonstrations, andor live performances
  95. 95. 95Cultural Heritage Corridor
  96. 96. 96Historic Assets• Walking Access toFrederik Fort• Connection toJohnny Horn Trail
  97. 97. 97Small business development• Plan First• Create Consensus• Build Local Capacity todo Business• Generate sources forcapital• Create Organization toMake it Happen• Take it to the Top!
  98. 98. 98Community Development
  99. 99. 99Building Community Capacityfor Sustained EconomicDevelopmentThe Coral Bay CommunityDevelopment Corporation
  100. 100. 100Building a diverse, inclusive,sustainable community that…• Provides a livelihood for the majority of itsresidents and• Builds on its natural assets for enjoymentby residents and others and, lastly• Possesses the institutional capacity to planand influence land use, economicdevelopment and infrastructure decisions
  101. 101. 101To accomplish this…• Coral Bay should develop a community-based development corporation that:– promotes area--wide improvement andcollective decision making– encourages sustainable development thatempowers the residents of Coral Bay residentsand their families
  102. 102. 102Many variations of the modelthe world over…• Places a premium on community selfdetermination and voice• Promotes collaboration among differentsectors of the community• Participation in the larger economicdevelopment process, while retaining aclear focus on building community andindividual assets
  103. 103. 103Getting to agreement onbuilding community capacity• Find your own path to capacity development• You will need structured time to think throughthis investment of time, talent and energy• Consider a dedicated task force whose goal isto plan for implementation of the developmentcorporation• Find “doable” projects that accomplish a goal,while creating a path to communityorganizational capacity
  104. 104. 104Milestone Points• Establishing a non-profit corporation• Creating a mission and a set of goals• Building a board of directors with a wide range ofexpertise– Private sector– Public sector– Residents/youth/faith community
  105. 105. 105Raising operating and projectsupport• U.S. government familiar with this type ofdevelopment, many agencies offer support forcommunity based development organizationsand projects• U.S. based community developmentintermediaries that can offer technicalassistance:– Local Initiative Support Corporation– Enterprise Partners• Local and U.S. based philanthropy
  106. 106. 106Functions• Core functions of the organization should be– establish a data platform that the community canconsistently use as a resource for evidence-baseddecision making  in socio economic developmentplanning;– serve as a trusted authority on community needs andplans– evolving into an institution with the capacity to developand implement projects of scale and relevance– develop leadership capacity in the target communitythrough specialized adult and youth programming.
  107. 107. 107Possible initialprogramming strategies:•Develop planning capacity that creates a strong policy voice in relationshipswith territory government•Leading a study of the local economy complete with recommendations for:– The development of supply chain linkages for local product and services– Craft production– Preparation of local youth for the local and regional workforce– Inventory of environmental assets•Promoting the preservation of local land assets for long-standing Coral Bayfamilies through (1) mediation (2) low-interest revolving loan facility (3) land trust(possible sources of loan capital, banks, federal government)
  108. 108. 108Skill needs and personnel for CoralBay Community DevelopmentCorporation• Executive director with experience intourism economic development• Senior land-use planner • Community organizer
  109. 109. 109Early Actions
  110. 110. 1101. Relocate the waste and recycling
  111. 111. 1112. Start the nature trail
  112. 112. 1123. Conduct culturalheritage inventory
  113. 113. 1134. Convene CDCtask force with broadrepresentation
  114. 114. 1145. Work with Congressionaldelegate on municipalrights under Organic Act
  115. 115. 1156. Explore fundingopportunities from HUD, EDA, DOI, VIcommunityFoundation, Rockefeller
  116. 116. 1167. Work with park tore-open managementplan
  117. 117. 1178. Partner with UVI onBMPs and researchopportunities
  118. 118. 1189. Investigate creating a citizen assembly
  119. 119. 119Thank you for your hospitality!www.aia.org/liv_sda

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