Air Pollution Control
Legislation in Hong Kong

    Antonio M. Da Roza
Legislative evolution
• Clean Air Act 1956 (UK)
• Clean Air Ordinance 1959
• Air Pollution Control Ordinance (Cap 311)
  –...
Air Pollution Control Ordinance
•   Part I – Preliminary
•   Part II – Air Control Zones & Air Quality Objectives
•   Part...
Inconsistencies and omissions
• Air control zones and air quality objectives established
  without reference to air pollut...
Inconsistencies and omissions
• Emissions may be carried forward and allocations may
  be increased on application to the ...
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Civic Exchange 2009 The Air We Breathe Conference - Air Pollution Control Legislation in Hong Kong

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Civic Exchange 2009 The Air We Breathe Conference - Experts Symposium 9 January 2009

Air Pollution Control Legislation in Hong Kong
presented by Mr Antonio da Roza

http://air.dialogue.org.hk

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Civic Exchange 2009 The Air We Breathe Conference - Air Pollution Control Legislation in Hong Kong

  1. 1. Air Pollution Control Legislation in Hong Kong Antonio M. Da Roza
  2. 2. Legislative evolution • Clean Air Act 1956 (UK) • Clean Air Ordinance 1959 • Air Pollution Control Ordinance (Cap 311) – 1983 – Air Pollution Control (Amendment) Ordinance 1987; – Air Pollution Control (Amendment) Ordinance 1991; – Air Pollution Control (Amendment) Ordinance 1993; – Air Pollution Control (Amendment) (No. 2) Ordinance 1994; – Air Pollution Control (Amendment) Ordinance 2008
  3. 3. Air Pollution Control Ordinance • Part I – Preliminary • Part II – Air Control Zones & Air Quality Objectives • Part III – Control of Air Pollution • Part IV – Specified Processes & Licensing of Premises Therefor • Part IVB – Specified Licences • Part V – Enforcement • Part VI – Appeals • Part VII – Miscellaneous • Part VIII – Control of Environmental Asbestos • Part IX – Asbestos Control Work
  4. 4. Inconsistencies and omissions • Air control zones and air quality objectives established without reference to air pollution or prejudice to health • No requirement to review or update objectives • No time limit for achievement of objectives • No external references for objectives – no provision in respect of international standards or co-operation • Air pollution abatement notices do not relate to air quality objectives • Emissions licenses may only be cancelled, varied or revoked with prior approval of CE
  5. 5. Inconsistencies and omissions • Emissions may be carried forward and allocations may be increased on application to the Authority • Penalty provisions not revised since 1993 • No private right of action for damages in respect of air pollution • No emergency powers for bad air pollution days • Time limit for prosecution of offences • Need for consolidated approach to pollution?

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