Long history of measuringwell-being 40 years of social trends Compendia publication from various sources 2007 – more detailed analysis of societal well-being, considering more of the economic impact 2010 – PM asked NS Nov 2010 MNW programme began
ONS is proposing 10 domains (or aspects) that are important to measuring National Well-being with 3 to 5 headline measures within each of these domains to illustrate overall National Well-being.
Questions on APS – approx 160,000 surveyed Scale of 0-10Life satisfaction – evaluativeWorthwhile – eudomoniaHappy / Anxious – positive/negative emotions
ONS has reinvented the wheel An illustrated all national well-being measure (i.e. 10 domains and 40 indicators)
Use maps – help targeting
Northern Ireland had the lowest percentage of people rating their life satisfaction as below 7 out of 10 compared with the other countries of the UKLondon (& West Midlands) the highest
Variations within a region important - East MidlandsOctober for more local area results (including London Boroughs) - caution
Why is London different?Regression analysis published end May – drivers of well-being
Subjective AND objective measures importantHow the nation is doing ‘in the round’
Case studies important Testing and development of SWB questions – do 4 questions work? Experimental – sharing development of measures – review the framework Regression analyses – to be published - important to separate rlationships and links from causes Huge international interest – reflect Paris and Delhi Aid interpretation – traffic light sand/or arrows - statistically significant change or all indicators (annual or latest).
Measuring National Well-being inthe UKGlenn Everett, DirectorMeasuring National Well-being Programme, ONS22 April 2013 www.ons.gov.uk/well-beingLondon Well-being Conference 2013:Creating Communities
Presentation• Background to MNW programme• Programme aims• Achievements so far• Some results• What’s next
Background1970 - ONS has been reporting on developments in societyin the UK for over 40 years in the Social Trends publication2007 - ONS started looking in more depth at existingdatasets and how these could be used to help build a clearpicture of societal well-being2010 – The National Statistician launched the ONSNational Well-being Programme.“We must measure what matters - the key elements ofnational well-being. We want to develop measuresbased on what people tell us matters most.”Nov 2010 – Prime Minister David Cameron askedNational Statistician Jil Matheson to take forward workto measure national well-being
Consultation on domains and measures• We’ve listened……to initially nearly 34,000 responses to ‘what matters to you?’• We have….…revised some of the measures in light of almost 1,800responses to the consultation on domains and measures• We propose……10 domains with 3 to 5 headline measures each• We received...,,, broad support for approach taken and are continuing toevaluate feasibility of other suggestions
Domains of National Well-beingSustainability Issues over timeEquality/FairnessMore contextual domainsThe EconomyGovernanceEducation and skillsNatural EnvironmentFactors directly affecting individual well-beingPersonal FinanceOur relationships What we doWhere we liveHealthIndividual Well-BeingPeople’s own Assessment of theirown well-being (SWB)
What are we trying to achieve?SocialEnvironment &SustainabilityThe ‘triple bottom line’EconomyAn accepted and trusted set of National Statistics to helppeople understand and monitor national well-being.
What we are doing..Added 4 questions to household surveys:• Overall, how satisfies are you with your lifenowadays?• Overall, to what extent do you feel the thingsyou do in your life are worthwhile?• Overall, how happy did you feel yesterday?• Overall, how anxious did you feel yesterday?Findings analysed alongside other informationfrom 21 sources to help understand whatstrengthens or weakens well-being
What’s been published to date..Reports on consultation.List of 10 domains and measures.First annual report.Analysis of first annual experimental subjectivewell-being dataset from the APS, 4/11 – 3/12Interactive wheel, bar charts and mapshighlighting distributions & sub-regionalestimatesArticles covering each of the domains –health, economy, where we live, personalfinance, etc.
National Well-being wheel
Local area results
Local area results
Local area resultsAnxious yesterday:• London 45% high vs UK 40%• Inner London vs Outer 46% vs 43%Life satisfaction:• London 73% high vs UK 76%Worthwhile:• London 78% high vs South East 82%Why?
Not just subjective well-being...Social• Experimental subjective well-being data• Consultation on domains and measures• Cross-cutting analyses – Population, Childrenand Young PeopleEnvironment &Sustainability• UK Env Accts – Blue book• Contributions to development of internationalstandards for international accounting• Consultation on measuring natural capital andecosystems• Human Capital stock estimates• Economic position of households• Developing non-market estimatesEconomy
What’s next...May 2013:• Update domains and measures – update the ‘wheel’• First results of regression analysis = drivers of well-beingJuly:• 2nd year of SWB data – nationalSeptember:• Next update of domains and measures – update the ‘wheel’• Consult on measuring change – getting better/worseOctober:• Local area SWB dataMarch 2014:• Update domains and measures – update the ‘wheel’• 2nd annual report – ‘Life in the UK’
Key messages• NOT a ‘happiness index’• Importance of distributions not just the averages• Not a single measure – need both objective andsubjective data• Supplements – not supplants GDP• Use for ‘Better policies for better lives’ (OECD) –help target scarce resources• Long-term development project