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Asia Pacific Civil-Military
Centre of Excellence
S T R AT E G I C P L A N
2 0 0 9 – 2 0 11
w w w.c i v m i l co e . gov. au
III. working with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and other agencies to develop
ASIA PACIFIC CIVIL-MILITARY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE cooperative relationships with key Australian and international organisations (including relevant
UN agencies, international peacekeeping centres, tertiary institutions, NGOs and the commercial
STRATEGIC PLAN 2009–2011
sector) so as to further best practice on civil-military issues;
IV. advising agencies on civil-military matters relating to:
a. the development of integrated capabilities to achieve a coherent, whole-of-government
strategy for peace and stabilisation operations;
Who We Are b. the transition between the military and civilian phases of operations; and
c. in the longer term, developing civil-military training to improve regional capacity for conflict
The Asia Pacific Civil-Military Centre of Excellence (the ‘Centre’) is an Australian Government initiative and disaster management.
to improve Australia’s effectiveness in multi-agency civil-military engagement for conflict and disaster
management overseas. The Centre was officially opened by the Prime Minister, the Hon Kevin Rudd,
on 27 November 2008. Our Vision
The Centre supports government departments and agencies and engages with non-government The Centre is a global leader in promoting best practice in civil, military and police engagement in
organisations (NGOs) and international partners, including the United Nations, on civil-military issues conflict and disaster management. Following the Centre’s review in FY2010–2011, specific medium
to achieve focused outcomes for the region and globally. We support best practice approaches to term goals will be developed.
civil-military engagement by those involved in the strategic planning and delivery of conflict and disaster
The Centre is staffed by officials of relevant Australian Government departments and agencies and Our Values
from the New Zealand Government, as well as an NGO Engagement Coordinator from the Australian As we conduct our business we promote innovation, flexibility, professional excellence and
Council for International Development (ACFID), Australia’s peak NGO body for aid and development collaboration. We are focused on outcomes designed to enhance understanding of civil-military
overseas. The Centre is managed by the Defence Organisation. The Executive Director reports engagement and improve our management of disasters and conflicts overseas.
directly to the Secretary of the Department of Defence and the Chief of the Defence Force, and
the Centre is administratively supported through the Office of the Vice Chief of the Defence Force.
Portfolio responsibility resides with the Minister for Defence, through the Parliamentary Secretary Our Strategic Environment
for Defence Support.
Attention to civil-military engagement has increased in recent years in light of the lessons learned from
The Centre’s mandate and performance are to be reviewed by the Australian Government disasters and conflicts around the world. Australia has joined the United States, United Kingdom,
in FY 2010–2011. United Nations, and a number of other bilateral, regional and international partners, in taking proactive
steps to harness and coordinate civil-military capabilities for stronger outcomes in conflict and disaster
Purpose of the Strategic Plan prevention, mitigation, and response. This work is imperative for countries and organisations operating
within bilateral, multilateral and multinational arrangements in increasingly complex environments that
The Strategic Plan provides the rationale for, and scopes, the Centre’s work priorities and is reviewed demand cohesive and well coordinated strategic and operational approaches.
annually. The Centre’s more detailed annual business planning and performance frameworks are The strengthening of Australia’s security framework to ensure that Australia is well placed to respond
reviewed and updated on a quarterly basis to ensure programs continue to meet the highest priorities, to complex and interconnected operating environments is at the core of the Prime Minister’s National
and make efficient use of Centre and partner resources. Security Statement of 4 December 2008. The Statement highlights the need for Australia to ensure an
integrated approach to security, based on a clear-sighted view of long term national security interests.
Our Mission The Centre’s work contributes to the Government’s objective for an international environment that
is stable, peaceful and prosperous, and a rules-based order that enhances Australia’s national interests.
The Centre supports the development of national civil-military capabilities to prevent, prepare for, The Centre will be responsive to revisions of the National Security Statement and future White Papers
and respond more effectively to, conflicts and disasters overseas. and policy documents.
The Centre promotes coherence across Australia’s security, diplomatic and development communities,
Our Responsibilities and Priorities and assists in the building and linking of their respective capabilities. In doing so, we address the
finding of the 2008 Review of Homeland and Border Security which highlighted the need for better
The Centre assists relevant departments and agencies by: coordination between national security departments, agencies and capabilities. Such coordination
requires arrangements that optimise mechanisms for strategic planning and that ensure agencies benefit
I. contributing to the development of a conceptual framework for civil-military collaboration in
from each other’s skills, experience and capabilities.
conflict and disaster management overseas;
The Centre adds value to the work of Australian and New Zealand Government departments and
II. carrying out research, capturing lessons learned, developing doctrine and facilitating training
agencies, and interacts with the NGO sector, in conflict and disaster management overseas. We
programs that contribute directly to the ability of the Australian Government to develop an
promote enhanced whole-of-government and whole-of-nation approaches to disaster management,
effective civil-military capacity for conflict prevention and disaster management overseas;
humanitarian assistance, stabilisation and reconstruction, governance and rule of law assistance, and
conflict prevention. The Centre has a global remit, with particular focus on the Asia Pacific region.
2 ASIA PACIFIC CIVIL-MILITARY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE STRATEGIC PLAN 2009–2011 3
In line with the Australian Government’s ‘Three Pillars’ foreign policy, the Centre’s work supports Domestic
our alliance with the United States, strengthens our regional engagement in the Asia Pacific, and
reinforces our multilateral relationships, particularly with the United Nations. Through dialogue and The Centre harnesses the experience of those organisations in Australia’s non-government sector
civil-military programs involving ASEAN, the Pacific Island Forum, the African Union, the European involved in disaster and conflict management overseas. Through our engagement with ACFID and its
Union and a range of bilateral partners, the Centre contributes to advancing Australia’s key diplomatic member NGOs, the Australian commercial sector, and universities and research institutes, we support
and security relationships. and benefit from the broad range of national capabilities that assist civil-military efforts overseas.
Our Strategic Objectives The Centre contributes to advancing a number of Australia’s strategic bilateral partnerships. By forging
The Centre: ties with relevant US and UK Government agencies, such as the US Center for Excellence in Disaster
• demonstrates best practice in civil-military-police training, education, doctrine, research and Management and Humanitarian Assistance in Honolulu and the UK Stabilisation Unit in London, we
implementation; seek to share relevant research and facilitate joint training programs. We support defence and civilian
engagements with Australia’s bilateral partners in the Asia Pacific region and ensure our education
• promotes comprehensive and sustainable positive outcomes for those affected by conflict and and training, research, and doctrine development programs provide opportunities for input from
disaster; and these partners and support skills development for civil-military effectiveness in the region. The Centre
• strengthens national, regional and international engagement in civil-military affairs. will seek to extend these partnerships to sister institutions in regional countries seeking a mutually
Our Stakeholders Regional and International
The Centre’s primary stakeholders are those Australian Government departments and agencies We participate in relevant initiatives under the ASEAN-Australia Comprehensive Partnership, and
involved in strategic-level planning and operations for disaster and conflict management overseas. those agreed between the Pacific Islands Forum and Australia. The Centre supports Australia’s
These include the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet (in particular, the Office of the National commitment to enhancing diplomatic and security ties with Africa through a program of work with
Security Adviser), the Defence Organisation (Defence), the Department of Foreign Affairs and the African Union. Working closely with Australia’s Permanent Missions to the United Nations (New
Trade (DFAT), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID), the Attorney-General’s York and Geneva), the Centre engages closely with relevant UN bodies – principally the Department
Department (AGD) and the Australian Federal Police (AFP) (principally the International Deployment of Peacekeeping Operations, the Department of Field Support, the Department of Political Affairs, the
Group and the Forensic and Data Centres). Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the Peacebuilding Commission, the United Nations
Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), and UN humanitarian programmes and agencies working
As well as the relationship with Australian departments and agencies, the Centre has a close
in the civil-military space – to help strengthen UN doctrine, training and research, and to support the
relationship with the New Zealand Government through the secondment of a senior official to the
exchange and development of civil-military experience and guidance. We value and encourage the
Centre, currently as Deputy Director. This arrangement promotes an understanding of the New
involvement of the International Committee of the Red Cross and the International Federation of the
Zealand perspective which, in time, could be applied across the whole range of Centre activities.
Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in the Centre’s activities. International research and training
We contribute to the Australian Government’s vision of a coherent national response to conflict institutions with expertise on civil-military issues, such as the United States Institute of Peace, the
and disaster through activities that promote collaboration between civilian and military personnel. Henry L. Stimson Center, Wilton Park and the Folke Bernadotte Academy, are important partners
We promote an Australian Defence Force (ADF) that is responsive across a range of conflict and for the Centre.
disaster situations. We work with the ADF Joint Warfare Doctrine and Training Centre and the Asia
Pacific Centre for Military Law in helping to achieve this aim. We support efforts to strengthen the
inter-operability of Defence and the AFP for overseas missions, and the AFP’s capacity to support Our Approach
security sector reforms in the region in concert with Defence, DFAT, AusAID and AGD. The Centre adopts a flexible and innovative approach to the achievement of our mission and strategic
The Centre has strong links with the relevant areas within Defence, DFAT, AusAID, AFP and AGD to objectives. With staff drawn from different agencies and backgrounds, our Centre is a practical example
ensure coherence in our regional and international engagement across the spectrum of disaster and of the interagency collaboration we promote.
conflict prevention and mitigation, crisis response and long term state building. We remain responsive to current and emerging Australian Government foreign and security policy
The Centre also promotes a stakeholder relationship with the NGO international aid and development priorities. We provide practical advice, and facilitate research, training and education, and doctrine
sector which, in time, may allow a more comprehensive understanding of, and approach to, disaster development, on civil-military issues of key interest to relevant agencies.
and conflict management. We are outcome-focused and aim to increase civil-military effectiveness through:
• collaborative learning – gathering experts from different disciplinary backgrounds and traditions
Our Partners and fusing current practice with future trends and issues;
To advance best practice in Australia’s civil-military expertise, the Centre maintains a number of • challenging thought – solving problems by marshalling facts and ideas and developing challenging
strategic partnerships with domestic, bilateral, regional and international organisations. tasks to common problems;
• recognising multiple perspectives – approaching activities in a way that acknowledges different
agency needs and cultures and does not seek a one-size-fits-all solution;
4 ASIA PACIFIC CIVIL-MILITARY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE STRATEGIC PLAN 2009–2011 5
• promoting cooperation and teamwork – supporting a multi-agency approach that harnesses agency
attributes and builds agreement by acknowledging all voices; and Multiagency
• embracing community responsibility – participating and being responsible within the global Training, Education
community through dialogue, deliberation and consensus building.
Research & Lessons
Our Resources Conflict Management
Governance & Rule
The Centre values people and ideas. We are committed to bridging organisational cultures and building of Law
international teams to achieve more effective whole-of-government and whole-of-nation outcomes. Humanitarian, Recovery
Our team of 20 staff is a mix of civilian, police and military personnel (including reservists), drawn & Disaster Management
from Defence, AFP, AusAID, DFAT, AGD, ACFID and the New Zealand Government. The team
is supplemented, as necessary, by project-specific experts, contractors, researchers and trainers.
The Centre’s budget is provided primarily by Defence and supplemented by other departments/
agencies and the New Zealand Government to cover relevant personnel costs. This funding Within these areas the Centre has a number of programs, each of which has a range of projects
arrangement enables the delivery of high quality, demand-driven programs. The Centre’s funds, associated with it. Management is done at both the program and project level. Although the programs
in the main, are directed towards action research and training on civil-military issues. The Centre will remain relatively constant over time, projects will begin and end according to the Centre’s needs
applies sound business practice to the management of its resources and complies with the Australian and the needs of our stakeholders.
Government’s financial and procurement procedures.
We produce the results of our activity in these areas through:
• research and publication of concepts, lessons learned and doctrine; and
Our Business Model • training and education related to conflict and disaster management.
The Centre’s business model is designed to ensure that tasks, resources and outcomes are matched
The Centre will continue to undertake and commission action research on cutting-edge civil-military
and managed through a system of priority setting. The model is represented in the diagram below:
issues, so that the lessons from Australian and international experience are well documented,
disseminated and can be applied in future civil-military planning and operational processes.
Our research findings will help inform the content of our education and training programs to ensure
we are developing and delivering contemporary training.
Determining Engaging and research and Facilitating
Improving Informing to effective
civil-military collaborating with recommending education and
doctrine policy civil-military
Based on the Centre’s initial Communications Strategy and Implementaion Plan, we will use a variety of
priorities of work stakeholders implementation of training
outcomes communication and outreach mechanisms to disseminate our work as widely as possible, including
through the Centre’s website, forums and training events.
We optimise our We strengthen We partner with We mentor and We advise and We use our We measure our
resources to archive partnerships with experts to conduct advise, as well assist on the expertise to inform effectiveness by
the greatest impact
at the civil-military
as design and deliver
the development of
policies to enhance
the outcomes of
improvement training collaboration
The Centre is committed to delivering a work program that responds to the priority needs of our key
We confirm needs and priorites We deliver outcomes stakeholders and which benefits from, and assists, our partners. Each program of work undertaken
by the Centre will have specific outcomes and tools to measure the achievements. These will be
developed and articulated through the Centre’s business and performance assessment processes.
Our business management processes are subject to regular reviews within Defence to ensure
Our Key Deliverables accountability and efficiency in the use of our resources.
The Centre’s progress will be reviewed by the Australian Government in FY2010–2011, after which the
In accordance with our responsibilities and priorities (described earlier), the Centre delivers relevant
Strategic Plan will be revised.
and practical programs in the civil-military components of four key areas:
The Centre welcomes regular feedback on our Strategic Plan and our work from our stakeholders and
• conflict management and prevention;
partners to ensure that we continuously provide highly valued products and services.
• disaster management and mitigation;
• governance and the rule of law; and
• humanitarian assistance and reconstruction.
Michael G Smith
Asia Pacific Civil-Military Centre of Excellence
6 ASIA PACIFIC CIVIL-MILITARY CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE STRATEGIC PLAN 2009–2011 7