Earl Arthurs - Effective Disaster Preparedness: Caribbean Approaches to Civil-Military Coordination
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Earl Arthurs - Effective Disaster Preparedness: Caribbean Approaches to Civil-Military Coordination

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Earl Arthurs' presentation from CMIS11.

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Earl Arthurs - Effective Disaster Preparedness: Caribbean Approaches to Civil-Military Coordination Earl Arthurs - Effective Disaster Preparedness: Caribbean Approaches to Civil-Military Coordination Presentation Transcript

  • Effective Disaster Preparedness: Caribbean Approaches to Civil-Military Coordination Brigadier General (R) Earl Arthurs, MVO MBE JP Preparedness and Contingency Planning Specialist, Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency CDEMA, Saint Michael, Barbados Civil-Military Interaction Seminar 2011 (CMIS 2011) Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia 7-10 November, 2011
  • Agenda
    • Part A:
    • Caribbean approaches to civil-military coordination
      • Caribbean Realities – Challenges & limitations of Civil military in the Caribbean
      • Practical steps necessary to translate guidance into better practice
    • Part B:
    • The Future
    • Conclusions
    • Part C:
    • Background on the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA)
    • The Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) Framework
    • The Regional Response Mechanism
    Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia Nov 9, 2011 The CDRU for 2009/2010
    • Caribbean approaches to civil-military coordination
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Caribbean Reality
    • Nine of the eighteen CDEMA Participating States do not have a Defence Force/Military.
    • Three of the nine defence forces are small with limited manpower and assets.
    • The Police Services in the region have a dedicated unit called the“ Special Services Unit”. They train and operate as paramilitary units.
    • The Disciplined Forces (Military, Police and Fire Service) are key Institutions in the National Disaster Management Plan. CDEMA Article of Association refers (Article XXI ).
    • CDEMA Coordinates the Regional Response Mechanism in the Caribbean.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Challenges
    • International/Regional Defence Cooperation is not merely operational, but strategic and political as well.
    • Foreign military assets can raise heightened sovereignty concerns for affected States, particularly if these are armed
    • External mechanisms for mobilising foreign military assets are designed primarily for response in failed or ineffective States
    • Concern that foreign military assets may become dominant player at the expense of traditional mechanisms and even the national government’s coordination role
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Key Issues
    • If there is a national system, we should support it.
    • Marginalising/weakening national institutions in the long-run is counter-productive.
    • Maintaining the right balance between security and humanitarian concerns post-disaster.
    • Potential blurring of distinctions between military and civilian relief actors.
    • The cost of not asserting national leadership on these issues.
    • Merging the National, Regional and Global mechanisms – work in support of the national.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Some Key Questions
    • Who are the key actors and what are their roles ?
    • Who is best equipped to lead the Civ-Mil process?
    • How should the disaster management community and their partners prepare for and respond to complex disasters with the military in support?
      • When is it not efficient or effective to use foreign military assets?
    • What kinds of response tools and resources must be employed to ensure maximum benefits?
    • How do we determine this (timeframe, tasks)?
    • What type of coordination and cooperation arrangements are necessary (HOC, OSCC)?
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
    • 1. In the Caribbean Disciplined Forces include:
    • The Defence Force,
    • The Coast Guard,
    • The Police Service and
    • The Fire Department
    • 2. Roles and responsibilities covered in National Disaster Plans and Disaster legislation.
    • Units regularly train and exercise with the civil authorities.
    • Commitment at the highest level
    • Forced to work together due to scarce resources.
    How we meet the Challenge Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • STRATIGIC GROUPINGS Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia CARICOM Battalion Regional Search and Rescue (Light Level Team) Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency Regional Security System (RSS) Conference of Caribbean Chiefs of Staff (CCCS) Caribbean Association of Fire Chiefs (CAFC) CARICOM DISCIPLINED FORCES CARICOM Maritime Units Association of Caribbean Commissioners of Police (ACCP) CARICOM Disaster Relief Unit (CDRU Special Coordinator
  • REGIONAL UNITS
    • The CARICOM Disaster Relief Unit (CDRU) [Police, Military & Fire]
    • The Regional Security System (RSS) [Police & Military]. Also an Air Wing wit 2 X C20 aircrafts.
    • The Regional Urban Search & Rescue Light Level Team (USAR LL) [Police, Military, Fire]
    • The CARICOM Battalion [Military]
    • The CARICOM Maritime Units [Coast Guard & Police]
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Key Regional Entities
    • CARICOM (Caribbean Community)
    • THE CARIBBEAN DISASTER EMERGENCY MANAGEMNT AGENCY (CDEMA)
    • THE CARICOM DISASTER RELIEF UNIT (CDRU)
    • THE REGIONAL SECURITY SYSTEM (RSS)
    • THE CONFERENCE OF CARIBBEAN CHIEFS OF STAFF (CCCS)
    • THE ASSOCIATION OF CARIBBEAN COMMISSIONERS OF POLICE (ACCP)
    • CARIBBEAN ASSOCIATION OF FIRE CHIEFS (CAFC)
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • STRATIGIC GROUPINGS Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia CARICOM Battalion Regional Search and Rescue (Light Level Team) Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency Regional Security System (RSS) Conference of Caribbean Chiefs of Staff (CCCS) Caribbean Association of Fire Chiefs (CAFC) CARICOM DISCIPLINED FORCES CARICOM Maritime Units Association of Caribbean Commissioners of Police (ACCP) CARICOM Disaster Relief Unit (CDRU Special Coordinator
    • THE CARICOM DISASTER RELIEF UNIT (CDRU)
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • What is the CDRU?
    • A unit of 35 multi-skilled Police, Fire and Military personnel who are trained in DM.
    • From CDEMA 18 Participating States.
    • Ready and available at short notice (deploable in 24 hours).
    • Trained, disciplined and equipped (Self-contained).
    • Able to function with limited resources for 2-3 weeks in theatre.
    • Skill sets includes: Emergency Communications, SAR, Logistics, Relief Supply Management Damage Assessment, Medical, ICS, Civil Engineer)
    • Unarmed (Functions in the Humanitarian Assistance role).
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • CDRU’S Mission
    • The CDRU’s mission is to conduct disaster response and relief operations on behalf of CDEMA in support of any CDEMA Participating State stricken by natural or technological hazards.
    • Its main tasks includes the management of relief supplies , emergency telecommunications support and the provision of appropriate personnel for repairing critical lifeline facilities.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • CDRU in Training & on Operations Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia CDRU Training 2011 CDRU Contingent deployed to Haiti - 2010 CDRU Stand-By Team for 2011/2012
    • THE REGIONAL SECURITY SYSTEM (RSS)
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia The Regional Security System
  • The Regional Security System
    • RSS has been in existence since October 1982
    • The System comprises of seven Member States (Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines)
    • Ten Forces (i.e. 7 X Police and 3 X Defence Forces)
    • The Central Liaison Office is the Secretariat and is located in Barbados
    • Activates the CDRU on behalf of CDEMA
    • Conducts Joint Operations, Exercises and Training within the Eastern Caribbean
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • The Regional Security System Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia There is also a Special Services Unit (Para military) in each of the Police Service Ser Country Military Police Coast Guard Fire 1. Antigua & Barbuda Yes Yes Yes Yes 2. Barbados Yes Yes Yes Yes 3. Dominica no Yes no Yes 4. Grenada no Yes no Yes 5. Saint Kitts & Nevis Yes Yes Yes Yes 6. Saint Lucia no Yes no Yes 7. Saint Vincent & the Grenadines no Yes no Yes
  • ARTICLE 10 of the RSS Treaty
    • Command and Discipline
    • For the purposes of this Treaty
      • the requesting state shall have operational control over all service personnel participating in operations in that State,
      • the senior officer of a sending state shall exercise tactical command over service personnel, and
      • the officer commanding service personnel of a sending State shall be responsible for the conduct and discipline of subordinate service personnel of that State .
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
    • THE CONFERENCE OF CARIBBEAN CHIEFS OF STAFF
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • The CCCS
    • Brainstorming group of the heads of the defence forces in the region.
    • Meets annually to share ideas and organize support for each other (Trg, Exercises, Ops, Staff exchange).
    • Extra-ordinary/Special meetings in anticipation of; during or after an event.
    • Was influential with the Multi-national force, 1995 – US led mission in Haiti (Gen Cedras).
    • Provided the United Nations in Haiti with a CARICOM Peacekeeping Battalion from 1995 to 1997
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
    • Antigua & Barbuda
    • Bahamas
    • Barbados
    • Belize
    • Guyana
    • Jamaica
    • St. Kitts and Nevis
    • Suriname
    • Trinidad & Tobago
    CARICOM STATES WITH MILITARY UNITS Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia Some states have signed a “Status of Forces Agreement” with the Regional Security System in 2007 prior to the region hosting Cricket World Cup. A “Sunset Legislation” was also passed in some states to accommodate it.
  • Notable Deployments
    • Jamaica – Hurricane Gilbert, 1988
    • Antigua – Hurricane Hugo, 1989
    • Bahamas – Hurricane Marilyn
    • Belize – Hurricane Keith 2000 (Engineer Troops only)
    • Grenada – Hurricane Ivan, 2004
    • Nine States – Hosting Cricket World Cup, 2007
    • Haiti – “January 12” Earthquake, 2010
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • CARICOM Base HQ in Haiti Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia January 2010
  • Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia Relief Supplies BN HQ Admin Office
    • ASSOCIATION OF CARIBBEAN COMMISSIONERS OF POLICE (ACCP)
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • THE ACCP
    • This is the network for Regional Police Commissioners to share information and coordinate crime and security issues.
    • They also meet annually and is guided by a CARICOM agency – IMPACS (Implementing Agency for Crime and Security in the Caribbean.
    • They were able to pool their resources and support the region during Cricket World Cup in 2007.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • ASSOCIATION OF Caribbean Commissioners of Police (ACCP)
    • Anguilla
    • Antigua & Barbuda
    • Aruba
    • Bahamas
    • Barbados
    • Belize
    • Bermuda
    • British Virgin Islands
    • Cayman Islands
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
    • Curacao
    • Dominica
    • French Antilles
    • Grenada
    • Guyana
    • Haiti
    • Jamaica
    • Montserrat
    • Saint Kitts & Nevi s
    • St. Lucia
    • St. Marteen
    • St. Vincent & the Grenadines
    • Suriname
    • Trinidad and Tobago
    • Turks and Caicos Islands
    • U.S. Virgin Islands
    • Caribbean Association of Fire Chiefs (CAFC)
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • THE CAFC
    • The CAFC also meets annually to share experiences and discuss new equipment and tactics.
    • Has many areas now emerging under their portfolio in addition to fire:
      • Search and Rescue
      • Chemical Spills
      • Hazardous Materials
      • However, they are not as organized as the other 2 agencies.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
    • APPOINTING A SPECIAL COORDINATOR (CIVIL-MILITARY)
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Special Coordinator
    • SECTION XXI OF THE CDEMA AGREEMENT:
    • Where, in response to a request for assistance by any Participating State, members of the disciplined forces of another Participating State are dispatched to any part of the territory of the requesting State, the Executive Director shall, subject to the express prior agreement of the competent authority of the receiving State, designate a Special Coordinator from among the senior officers of such forces, acting after consultation with the Chiefs of Staff or Commanding Officers of the disciplined forces concerned.
    • The Special Coordinator shall be charged with the responsibility for coordinating the disaster relief efforts of the disciplined forces in the affected Participating State.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • History of Civil-Military Cooperation in the Caribbean
    • CARICOM has long-engaged in the civil/military dialogue
    • It is the accepted principle that the military responds in support of the needs of civil systems
    • Civil/military cooperation began over 30 years ago in response to devastation caused by Hurricanes Gilbert, Jamaica, 1988 and Hugo, Eastern Caribbean, 1989.
    • Ad-hoc system at that time not governed by protocols or a system of coordination
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Evolution of Civil-Military Cooperation in the Caribbean
    • Civil/Military partnerships have evolved
    • National Governments and inter-governmental organizations such as CDEMA and the RSS have developed an approach and political balance for securing support from donors and civil-military actors
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Evolution of Civil-Military Cooperation in the Caribbean
    • Roles now embedded and anchored in the formalised operational framework of Regional Response Mechanism (RRM):
      • Protocols:
        • Conditions of engagement (OPs Orders)
        • Regional Plans (RCP, CDERA CU Contingency Plan, Functional Annexes)
        • Partner agreements (ECDG, NWCDG)
        • Standing Funding sources – Emergency Assistance Fund
      • Agreed Standards and Tools:
        • Damage and Needs Assessment (DANA)
        • Model Integrated Relief Policy (MIRP)
        • Warehousing
        • Shelter Management
        • Model Legislation and Regulations
    • Evaluation of the Regional Response Mechanism (RRM) (Hurricane Ivan, 2004; Hurricane Ike, 2008, Haiti Earthquake, 2010) reflects ongoing dialogue.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Existing Challenges
    • Foreign Military interactions whenthere there is no Military/Defence Force.
    • Different management cultures:
      • Military are good planners
      • Instructions are not questioned
      • Invest heavily on scenario planning
      • Language/terminology different
      • Reciprocal unfamiliarity of actors with systems/needs/constraints
    • Different resource environments:
      • Cost centres for support are not always clear at first
      • No budget/insufficient
      • Primary Task for Military – Protection of the relm
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Future Trends
    • Increased recognition of trans-boundary and complex threats will accelerate the intensity and evolution of civil-military engagement in disaster response
    • Recognition and appreciation of the different but potentially complementary roles of civil-military actors in emergencies
    • Strategic proactive engagement has made and will continue to make a difference – Get them on board before there is a crisis.
    • More/better merging of the National, Regional & Global systems.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Conclusions
    • The use of the “Disciplined Forces” in disaster management in the Caribbean is NOT A LOST RESORT , but is entrenched in our legislation and disaster management plans.
    • To ensure that any “Foreign Assistance” reinforce your national response plan – There must be a plan and it must be used .
    • National Disciplined Forces must ensure that they don't lose their PRIMARY skills as a result of supporting the civil authorities in disaster management.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia Nov 9, 2011 THANK THE END YOU ANY QUESTIONS???
    • THE CARIBBEAN DISASTER EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (CDEMA)
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
    • The Caribbean Disaster Emergency management Agency (CDEMA):
    • CDEMA was established in 2009 through an Agreement of the Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community. It replaces CDERA which was established in 1991 .
    • CDEMA is Responsible for 18 Participating States.
    • CDEMA Coordinates the Regional Response Mechanism (RRM) in the Caribbean.
    • CDEMA is the Champion for Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) in the Caribbean Region.
    BACKGROUND ON CDEMA Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
    • CDEMA is established on principles of inter-governmental cooperation
    • A number of small states with large vulnerabilities and limited individual capacity
    • Rationalizing diverse actions towards a common goal was central to operationalizing the Agreement
    INTRODUCTION TO CDEMA Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • CDEMA’S Structure Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia Executive Director CDEMA CU Staff Technical Advisory Committee Council of Ministers Coordinating Unit National Governments International Agencies Regional Agencies National Disaster Offices Deputy Management Committee of Council
  • CDEMA’S MISSION
    • We, the premier disaster management agency, exist to empower our participating states in achieving sustainable loss reduction . To this end we will cultivate strategic partnerships for the development, enhancement, delivery and maintenance of policies and programmes which build regional and national capacity for loss reduction
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • CDEMA’s Functions
    • (a) mobilising and coordinating disaster relief;
    • (b) mitigating or eliminating, as far as practicable, the immediate consequences of disasters in Participating States;
    • (c) providing immediate and coordinated response by means of emergency disaster relief to any affected Participating State;
    • (d) securing, coordinating and providing to interested inter-governmental and nongovernmental organisations reliable and comprehensive information on disasters affecting any Participating State;
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • CDEMA’s Functions (cont’d )
    • (e) encouraging –
      • (i) the adoption of disaster loss reduction and mitigation policies and practices at the national and regional level;
      • (ii) cooperative arrangements and mechanisms to facilitate the development of a culture of disaster loss reduction; and
      • (iii) coordinating the establishment, enhancement and maintenance of adequate emergency disaster response capabilities among the Participating Stat es.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • CDEMA Partipating States
    • Anguilla
    • Antigua & Barbuda
    • Bahamas
    • Barbados
    • Belize
    • British Virgin Islands
    • Dominica
    • Grenada
    • Haiti
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
    • Guyana
    • Jamaica
    • Montserrat
    • St. Kitts and Nevis
    • Saint Lucia
    • St Vincent & the Grenadines
    • Suriname
    • Trinidad & Tobago
    • Turks and Caicos
  • Map of the Caribbean Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Sub-Regional Focal Groups Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia CDEMA Jamaica Trinidad & Tobago Antigua & Barbuda Anguilla Bahamas Belize Haiti Turks & Caicos Islands Suriname Guyana Grenada St. Vincent & the Grenadines Saint Lucia Dominica Virgin Islands Saint Kitts & Nevis Montserrat Barbados Southern Central Eastern North Western
  • Regional Partnerships
    • The Caribbean Development Bank
    • The Caribbean Catastrophic Risk Insurance Facility
    • The Caribbean Water & Waste Water Association
    • The Caribbean Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology
    • The Caribbean Agriculture Research & Development institute
    • The Inter American Development Bank
    • The Pan American Health Organization
    • The Regional Security System
    • The University of the West indies
    • The West Indies Cricket Board
    • The Regional Security System (RSS)
    • Plus CARICOM Agencies (IMPACS, etc)
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Intra-Regional Partnerships
    • Information Sharing Conferences, Workshops & Exercises:
    • CEPREDENAC – The Central American Centre for the Coordination & Prevention of Natural Disasters:
      • Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Salvador & Panama
    • CAPADRE – The South American Northern Zone Committee for Disaster Prevention and Assistance:
      • Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru & Venezuela
    • MERCOSUR (Southern Cone) – The Committee for the Prevention and Handling of Disasters:
      • Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay & Uruguay
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • International Partnerships
    • A number of international partners provide support in:
    • Project sponsorships
    • Training Workshops
    • Regional Exercises
    • Relief Supplies
    • Warehouses & Emergency Operations Centre Construction
    • Assessments Missions
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
    • COMPREHENSIVE DISASTER MANAGEMENT (CDM) – A REGIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR COOPERATION AND RESOURCE SHARING IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Experiences have revealed that … “ Each natural disaster leaves in its wake an overwhelming volume of evidence of how planning and investment decisions contribute to vulnerability ” Natural Hazard Risk Management in the Caribbean Revisiting the Challenge CGCED 2002 Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • What is Comprehensive Disaster Management?
    • Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) is the management of all hazards
    • through all phases of the disaster management cycle – prevention and mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery and rehabilitation
    • by all peoples public and private sectors, all segments of civil society and the general population in hazard prone areas.
    • CDM involves risk reduction & management and
    • integration of vulnerability assessment into the development planning process. (CDERA/CDEMA 2001, 2006 & 2007 - 2012)
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • CDM – A Paradigm Shift Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia Reactive Anticipatory Disaster Office Shared Responsibility FROM: a focus on individual hazards TO: viewing hazard exposure as an ongoing process and aims to reduce vulnerability across all sectors (CGCED 2002)
  • Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia CDM Governance Structure CDEMA Executive Director Technical Advisory Council Council of Ministers
  • CDM Strategy Summary
    • Goal
    • Regional Sustainable Development enhanced through Comprehensive Disaster Management
    • Purpose
    • To strengthen regional, national and community level capacity for the mitigation, management and coordinated response to natural and anthropological hazards, and the effects of climate change
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia Clarendon Jamaica Flood Event May 2002 (Acknowledgement JDF) Palmiste, Grenada – Hurricane Lenny, 1999 Volcanic Eruption, Montserrat ( Montserrat Volcano Observatory) Grenada - Hurricane Lenny, 1999 Dominica Earthquake, 2004
    • THE REGIONAL RESPONSE MECCHANISM (RRM)
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • REMEMBER
    • “ No State, no matter how powerful, can by its own efforts alone make itself invulnerable to today’s threats.
    • Every State requires the cooperation of other States to make itself secure.
    • It is in every State’s interest, accordingly, to cooperate with other States to address their most pressing threats, because doing so will maximize the chances of reciprocal cooperation to address its own threat priorities.”
    • (Report of United Nations High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change December 2004 – A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility.)
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • WHAT IS THE RRM?
    • The Regional Response Mechanism (RRM) is an arrangement for the coordination of disaster response among CDEMA Participating States, Regional and International Agencies
    • Seeks to deliver speedy response and effective, efficient use and management of resources
    • Tried and tested mechanism for emergency coordination – familiarity of actors and processes.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Overview of the RRM
    • The RRM is:
      • A number of Plans, Procedures & Guidelines
      • A group of Response Units, agencies and organizations
      • A collection of Agreements, Memoranda of Understanding and Protocols
    • Executed by the CDEMA Coordinating Unit on behalf of CDEMA Participating States
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Components of the RRM
    • The Regional Coordination Centre (RCC)
    • The Regional Coordination Plan (RCP)
    • The Regional Telecommunications Plan
    • Response Teams
      • The CARICOM Disaster Relief Unit (CDRU)
      • The Rapid Needs Assessment Team (RNAT)
      • The Regional Urban Search & Rescue Light Level Team (USAR LL)
      • Caribbean Electricity Company (CARILEC)
      • Caribbean Water and Waste Water Association (CWWA)
      • Technical support teams
    • The Eastern Caribbean Donor Group (ECDG)
    • The North Western Caribbean Donor Group (NWCDG)
    • National Disaster Plans, Specialized Plans, etc.
    • Regional Warehouses
    • MOU, Acts, SOPs
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • The Regional Response Mechanism Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia National Disaster Plans Regional Coordination Plan Specialized Plans North Western Caribbean Donor Group (Sub-)Regional Warehouses Regional Coordination Centre CARICOM Disaster Relief Unit (CDRU) Operational Order
    • Response Teams
    • MOUs
    • SOPs
    • Agreements
    • Acts of Parliament
    REGIONAL RESPONSE MECHANISM Eastern Caribbean Donor Group (Sub-)Regional Focal Points Regional Security System
  • Core Actors Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
    • Regional Level:
      • CDEMA CU
      • RSS/CLO
      • CDRU
      • ECDG/ NWCDG
      • PAHO
      • UNDP
      • UWI
      • Specialised Regional Agencies
    • National Level:
      • NEMOs
      • Other National Agencies
      • Other Resource Providers (private sector)
      • Media Houses
    • Sub-Regional Level:
      • Sub-Regional Focal Points (SRFPs)
      • Antigua
      • Barbados
      • Jamaica
      • Trinidad
    • International Level:
      • Donor Nations
      • Donor Agencies
      • Red Cross
      • NGOs
      • Other resource providers
  • Triggering the Mechanism
    • The Regional Coordination Plan defines the framework for effecting the multi-lateral agreements of CDEMA PS to assist each other in times of disasters
    • Organized in 2 Parts:
      • Basic Plan: triggering mechanism for activating plan (3 levels) and concept of operations
      • Functional Annexes: SOPs for specific response functions (SAR) or specialized groups (ECDG, CDRU); References (CDEMA Agreement, MOU)
    • The RCP is in support of National Plans and as such the National Plans must make provisions for triggering the RRM
    • System based on a three tiered response mechanism
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Levels of Response
    • System based on a three tiered response mechanism:
      • LEVEL I - Local Incident - no external assistance required.
      • LEVEL II - Event does not overwhelm national capacity to respond but some external assistance required (Specialized equipment, Experts, etc.)
      • LEVEL III – Event overwhelms capacity of affected State to respond. Major external operation mounted. Possible request for additional support from other regions and international agencies anticipated.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Scenarios for Triggering Mechanism
    • Impacted State notifies CDEMA CU, indicates scope and magnitude of impact and makes request for regional assistance
    • Verified Reports from credible sources to CDEMA CU
    • If neither the above is available, CU will make decision to deploy recon mission to verify status of impacted State.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • CONCLUSIONS
    • Much have been done in the (Caribbean) region, but much more is yet to be done.
    • Disaster management is not a destination, but a journey – You should always be better off today than you were yesterday, but not as good as tomorrow.
    • It is better to prepare and prevent than to repair and repent.
    Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia
  • Nov 9, 2011 Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia Watersedge, Pier One, Walsh Bay, Sydney, NSW Australia Nov 9, 2011 THANK THE END YOU ANY QUESTIONS???