2. What is a participatory culture? <ul><li>one-half of all teens have created media content </li></ul>One-third of teens who use the Internet have shared what they produced These teens are involved in what we call participatory cultures These figures were from 2005; do you think teens are now more or less involved in participatory cultures?
3. <ul><li>A participatory culture is a culture with relatively low barriers to artistic expression and civil engagement (in other words it is easy to access); </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>There is strong support for creating and sharing one's creations, </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>There is some type of informal mentorship whereby what is known by the most experienced is passed along to novices. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
6. Participatory Cultures <ul><li>A participatory culture is also one in which members believe their contributions matter, and feel some degree of social connection with one another (at least they care what other people think about what they have created). </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Forms of participatory culture include: Affiliations, Expressions, Collaborative Problem-Solving Circulations
7. Affiliations memberships, formal and informal, in online communities centred around various forms of media such as Facebook, message boards, You Tube, Myspace etc. Expressions Producing new creative forms, such as modding (modifiying computer games), fan video making (making a music video for your favourite track), fan fiction writing, mash-up videos and tracks (e.g www.soundcloud.com ) Laptops, phones, iPads allow you to film and edit. This has unleashed creativity. Broadband has allowed people to share their creativity; to share what they have made and receive feedback from the online community.
9. Online reactions to the sequence: Examples of people participating.
10. Collaborative Problem-solving Working together in teams, formal and informal, to complete tasks and develop new knowledge (such as through Wikipedia and alternative reality gaming.) Circulations Shaping the flow of media (such as Twitter, podcasting, blogging). Social Media has had a huge impact on mainstream news media. Journalists often follow people in the public eye in the hope that they will 'tweet' something controversial or newsworthy.
11. An example: last year Liverpool footballer Ryan Babel tweeted this picture of referee Howard Web after Liverpool lost to Manchester United. Babel had altered the picture of the referre to show him as a Manchester United fan. This tweet made headline news and lead to Ryan Babel being fined £10,000 by the FA.
12. Newspapers have opened up to Twitter; However when you allow live Twitter feeds onto your site people may say things you don't want to hear!
13. Try to place your examples under the following headings: Affiliations, Expressions, Collaborative Problem-Solving Circulations Think of examples of where and when you are part of a participatory culture What are the advantages of participatory cultures? Are there any issues with participatory cultures?