The cinema of attractions and early ‘primitive’ cinema1896-1906Pre-cinema – Muybridge’s HorseEarly cinema – Lumiere Brothers and their combined filmcamera and projectorA time of rapid expansion of film industryA time of huge shifts in film technologyFilm a working class pastimeMainly non-English speaking spectators
George Melies and the ‘cinema of attractions’His trick films that would tour with Vauldeville acts aroundthe countryFilm formed part of an evening’s entertainment thatincluded magicians, acrobats, dancers etc.Early cinema recreated the theatre stageFilm terms like mise-en-scene come from the theatre
Films began to experiment with narrative and storytellingRescued by Rover (Hepworth, 1905) was the first film to use the180 Degree Line of ActionThe Lonedale Operator (Griffith, 1911) was the first film to useparallel editingThese techniques allowed film makers to recreate classicnovels.This then encouraged more middle class people to the cinema(especially women)Cinemas were built to look like theatres, with the classessegregated – poor in the ‘pits’ the rich upstairs in the balcony.
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