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Station Square Planning Study
 

Station Square Planning Study

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Station Square Planning Study

Station Square Planning Study

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    Station Square Planning Study Station Square Planning Study Presentation Transcript

    • Station Square Planning Study June 30, 2008 Bohlin Cywinski Jackson I Philadelphia City Planning Commission
    • Acknowledgements Michael A. Nutter Mayor, City of Philadelphia Andrew Altman Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development and Director of Commerce Rina Cutler Deputy Mayor for Transportation Jannie L. Blackwell 3rd District City Council Philadelphia City Planning Commission Gary Jastrzab Acting Executive Director Bennur Koksuz Director of Urban Design Richard Redding Director of Community Planning R. David Schaaf Senior Urban Designer The Philadelphia City Planning Commission and Bohlin Cywinski Jackson would like to thank the following: AMTRAK Brandywine Realty Trust Center City District (CCD) Drexel University PennDOT Philadelphia Department of Streets Philadelphia Industrial Development Corporation (PIDC) Schuylkill River Development Corporation (SRDC) SEPTA University City District (UCD) University City Science Center University of Pennsylvania Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson
    • Table of Contents 1. Summary 1 2. Renderings 2 3. Site Plan 4 4. Station Square Plan 5 5. Appendix 6 Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson
    • Summary The Philadelphia City Planning Commission (PCPC) retained Bohlin Cywinski Jackson to work with the City Planning Commission to produce a Vision Statement for the development of an area on Market Street called “Station Square.” The primary focus of the study is the 2900 block of Market Street, flanked by Pennsylvania Station, more commonly referred to as 30th Street Station, to the north and the former US Post Office to the south, with a compatible vision for the 3000 block of Market Street so that a connection can be made with Drexel University’s future streetscape project. The intent is to create a grand outdoor public room in this prominent yet underdeveloped and underutilized space. The Philadelphia City Planning Commission established the following Guiding Principles: • the square will function as both a gateway and a destination. • the square will function as a transitional space between Center City and West Philadelphia. • the square will connect West Philadelphia to the Schuylkill River Park trail. • the square will improve vehicular, bicycle, and pedestrian movement, as well as access to transit. • the square will underscore the ceremonial arrival and departure functions of the train station. • the square will be defined by the highest quality new structures and constructed in materials that complement the historic and architectural character of 30th Street Station and the former US Post Office, currently being renovated into an office building for the Internal Revenue Service. PCPC met with Bohlin Cywinski Jackson to outline their goals and objectives for the project. As a part of the process, Bohlin Cywinski Jackson also reviewed existing studies, designs, and programs to develop a general understanding of the previous designs and programs that have been or are proposed to be implemented, as well as design alternatives that have been studied, but not selected for implementation. Bohlin Cywinski Jackson generated two concepts and presented them to the PCPC and a group of stakeholders. Based on collaborative efforts and conclusions, a third concept was developed by merging the positive aspects of both schemes. Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 1
    • Evening Rendering Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 2
    • Daytime Rendering Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 3
    • North 30th Street venue Schuylkill A 30th Street Station SEPTA Market Street Bridge Market Street South 31st Street South 30th Street IRS Office Building Site Plan 0 100 200 Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 4
    • North 30th Street 30th Street Station Market Street South 30th Street IRS Office Building Station Square Plan 0 50 100 Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 5
    • Appendix 1. Existing Conditions 7 2. Station Square Sketch Study 1 8 3. Station Square Sketch Study 2 12 4. Station Square Sketch Study 3 16 5. Tensegrity Sculptures 19 6. Tent Structures 20 7. Project Team 21 Station Square Site Section 0 50 100 Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 6
    • Existing Conditions The 2900 and 3000 blocks of Market Street comprise a key segment of the Market Street Corridor that connect Center City to West Philadelphia. • There is no arrival experience. • The area lacks continuity and activity along the building facades. • The area lacks landscaping and green areas. • The ground plane material is predominantly asphalt. • There is poor pedestrian circulation and street crossing positions. • Recent increased security at 30th Street Station is done in a temporary fashion. It creates a sense of disarray for both pedestrians and vehicular traffic. New development in the area: • Cira Center office complex • The former US Post Office, currently being renovated into an office building for the Internal Revenue Service • Drexel Dormitories • Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) Expansion • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP) Expansion • Market Street Streetscape Project from 34th Street to 41st Street Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 7
    • Site / Traffic Study 1 • Maintain existing traffic patterns and turning lanes on Market Street. • Beautify island created by turning lanes. • Reclaim service lane in front of the IRS Office Building. • Reclaim internal train station parking and traffic lanes to increase pedestrian zones and green space. 0 60 120 Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 8
    • Site Study 1 - Plan View • Create a wide pedestrian walkway in the reclaimed area in front of 30th Street Station where people can sit, have lunch, read a book, or wait for a bus or train. • Landscape the area with medium sized trees with light foliage to provide shade, interest, and structure. • Add a tent which could serve as a gathering area for events or to collect food vendors. See the Appendix for images of tents. • Create a similar, secondary pedestrian area in front of the IRS Office Building. • Add continuous walls 48” high at the Market Street edge of the pedestrian areas to buffer the movement and noise of the adjacent traffic. Walls could have interesting textures, finishes, graphics, or art work. • Elevate the island between the turning lanes 18” above street level and landscape with low shrubs and plantings. • Position a tall slender sculpture on the island to serve as a landmark. See the Appendix for additional thoughts on the sculpture. • Create a wide pedestrian crosswalk centered on the entrance to the IRS Office Building. • Upgrade walking and driving surfaces: granite or other natural stone, brick, or concrete pavers. • Add lighting at building faces and pedestrian spaces. • Add water and / or light features. 0 60 120 Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 9
    • Site Study 1 - Aerial View Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 10
    • Site Study 1 - Eye Level View Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 11
    • Site / Traffic Study 2 • Separate existing traffic lanes to slow traffic and widen the island between eastbound and westbound traffic. • Eliminate left hand turn from eastbound Market Street at Schuylkill Avenue. Reroute northbound traffic to loop around the IRS Office Building via Chestnut Street. • Reclaim service lane in front of the IRS Office Building. • Reclaim internal train station parking and traffic lanes to increase pedestrian walkways and green space. 0 60 120 Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 12
    • Site Study 2 - Plan View • Create a wide pedestrian walkway in the reclaimed area in front of 30th Street Station where people can sit, have lunch, read a book, or wait for a bus or train. • Landscape the area with medium sized trees with light foliage to provide shade, interest, and structure. • Create a similar, secondary pedestrian area in front of the IRS Office Building. • Create a wide landscaped island. Elevate the island 18” above street level. Add walls 48” high on edges adjacent to traffic to buffer the pedestrain areas from the movement and noise of the traffic. Walls could have interesting textures, finishes, graphics, or art work. • Create a pedestrian crosswalk the width of and centered on the entrance to the IRS Office Building. • Create a second crosswalk beginning at the west portico on the train station and extending to the south side of Market Street and north to the parking structure at Cira Center. Position a series of tall slender sculptures on the crosswalk to serve as a landmark and to reinforce the gateway. 0 60 120 Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 13
    • Site Study 2 - Aerial View Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 14
    • Site Study 2 - Eye Level View Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 15
    • Site Study 3 - Plan View Bohlin Cywinski Jackson presented Site Study 1 and Site Study 2 to the PCPC and a group of constituents on May 28, 2008. Based on collaborative efforts and conclusions reached during the meeting a third concept was developed by merging the positive aspects of both schemes. • Create wide pedestrian walkway in the reclaimed area in front of 30th Street Station where people can sit, have lunch, read a book, or wait for a bus or train. • Landscape the area with medium sized trees with light foliage to provide shade, interest, and structure. • Add a tent which could serve as a gathering area for events or to collect food vendors. See the appendix for images of tents. • Create a similar, secondary pedestrian area in front of the IRS Office Build- ing. • Add continuous walls 48” high at the Market Street edge of the pedes- trian areas to buffer the movement and noise of the adjacent traffic. Walls could have interesting textures, finishes, graphics, or art work. • Elevate the island between the turning lanes 18” above street level and landscape with low shrubs and plantings. • Position a tall slender sculpture on the island to serve as a landmark. See the Appendix for additional thoughts on the sculpture. • Create a pedestrian crosswalk the width of and centered on the entrance to the IRS Office Building. • Create a second crosswalk beginning at the west portico on the train station and extending to the south side of Market Street and north to the parking structure at Cira Center. • Create a water and / or light feature to serve as an interesting terminus at the end of each crosswalk. • Upgrade walking and driving surfaces: granite or other natural stone, brick, or concrete pavers. • Add lighting at building faces and pedestrian spaces. • Maintain existing traffic patterns and turning lanes on Market Street. 0 60 120 Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 16
    • Site Study 3 - Aerial View Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 17
    • Site Study 3 - Eye Level View Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 18
    • Tensegrity Sculptures by Kenneth Snelson Tensegrity describes a closed structural system composed of a set of three or more elongated compression struts within a network of tension tendons, the combined parts mutually supportive in such a way that the struts do not touch one another, but press outwardly against nodal points in the tension network to form a firm, triangulated, prestressed, tension, and compression unit. The following are examples of tensegrity sculptures. A tall, slender sculpture such as the 4-Way Tower is representative of Bohlin Cywinski Jackson’s vision as a landmark for Station Square. 1. 4-Way Tower, 1963 2. E.C. Column, 1969-81 3. Needle Tower II, 1969 4. Needle Tower, 1968 5. Easy-K, 1970 6. Super Star, 1960-2002 All photos taken from www.kennethsnealson.net 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. My art is concerned with nature in its primary aspect, the patterns of physical forces in three dimensional space. Kenneth Snelson Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 19
    • Tent Structures The following are examples of fabric tensile structures in the landscape. 1. FTL Design Engineering Studio in collaboration with Bob Davis, 1991 Pier 6 at the Baltimore Inner Harbor photo courtesy of FTL Design Engineering Studio 2. FTL Design Engineering Studio, 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games photo courtesy of FTL Design Engineering Studio 3. Yunken Freeman with W. L. Irwin Engineers, 1957 Myer Music Bowl, Melbourne, Australia photo from GreatBuildings.com 4. FTL Design Engineering Studio, 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games 1. 2. photo courtesy of FTL Design Engineering Studio 5. Frei Otto, 1972 Munich Olympic Park photo from GreatBuildings.com 6. Frei Otto, 1957 Pavilion “Tanzbrunnen” Bundesgartenschall, Cologne, Germany photo from freiotto.com 7. FTL Design Engineering Studio, 2006 Pavilion in Charlottesville, Virgina 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 20
    • Project Team This project was funded by Philadelphia City Planning Commission General Fund and prepared by: Architect: Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 123 South Broad Street Suite 1370 Philadelphia, PA 19109 215.790.5900 www.bcj.com The daytime and the evening renderings of the Bohlin Cywinski Jackson concept were prepared by: Photography: Pixelcraft Inc. Rendering 205 North 3rd Street Philadelphia, PA 19106 215.592.9300 www.pixelcraft.net The images were provided by Philadelphia City Planning Commission for inclusion in the report. Station Square Study Bohlin Cywinski Jackson 21