CHAPTER 6 community-business association survey,
The eight specific measurements recommend- beginning with a baseline set at the
NEIGHBORHOOD ed to track these indicators are: beginning of plan implementation,
INDICATORS: MEASURING would provide tracking of this condition.
SUCCESS 1. Vacancy/abandonment (overall). The
recommended measure that can be reg- 5. Crime/safety. PNDC recommends using
Tracking the success of community revitaliza- ularly updated involves tracking the the University of Pennsylvania reporting
tion through on-going neighborhood indica- ending of water service as reported by of crime data from the City Police
tors involves three types of measurements. The the Philadelphia Water Department, Department. This data can be used to
first focuses on whether the status of the through the University of Pennsylvania compute crimes, or serious crimes, per
neighborhood is improving in comparison to Cartographic Modeling Laboratory's capita.
other communities-in effect a set of broadly Neighborhood Information System (NIS).
recognized impact measures. The second 6. Socio-economic/demographic status.
assesses whether the specific plan objectives 2. Single-family housing market. The rec- Obviously, this information can be
are achieved-the measurement of operational ommended measure includes specific tracked through decennial census data.
success. The third focuses on the impacts of dimensions of house sales price, rate of PNDC further recommends use of the
plan implementation on current residents-the change in house price, turnover (sales) rate of household poverty, drawn from
measurement of impact on plan participants. rate, owner-occupancy rate, and popula- the Philadelphia Health Management
tion change that can be tracked through Corporation (PHMC) bi-annual survey,
local government records reported in although there appear to be serious lim-
Neighborhood Status Indicators various databanks, including NIS and itations with this data at many neighbor-
The Reinvestment Fund. hood levels.
With regard to the broad assessment of neigh-
borhood status, the Philadelphia 3. Rental housing vacancy. PNDC recog- 7. School quality/educational attainment.
Neighborhood Development Collaborative nizes that the suggested measurement-- Three types of data are available - test-
(PNDC) has researched potential measures of the percentage of all multi-family prop- ing data, school attendance and enroll-
neighborhood conditions (neighborhood indi- erties that seem to have at least one unit ment data and school characteristics. All
cators) to assess the possible impacts of revital- vacant, as evidenced by a water shut- data is completely public for every
ization efforts on the health of neighborhoods. off-does not provide a particularly accu- school (including charters, privates and
That research suggested eight measurements rate indicator. For the three neighbor- publics), conveniently available and can
to track six indicators of neighborhood condi- hoods in this study, an alternative be manipulated.
tion that would apply to all revitalizing neigh- approach may involve developing a list
borhoods (in fact, to all neighborhoods). The six of multi-family property managers in the 8. Early Distress Signals. PNDC proposes
suggested indicators are: area and conducting an annual survey two indicators that over time could indi-
of them for vacancy as of a particular cate that a community is undergoing
1. Housing vacancy/abandonment rate date. negative changes. The one that appears
2. Market for single-family houses to be more easily tracked is sheriff's sale
3. Business activity, particularly retail 4. Business activity. The suggested meas- data, which is a decent partial indicator
4. Crime rate ure is rate of commercial vacancy in des- of abandonment, to complement the
5. Socio-economic status ignated commercial concentrations vacancy information from water records.
6. School quality/educational attainment (commercial corridors, etc.). An annual
Philadelphia Neighborhood Plans
We recommend that Chinatown utilize these tion. Tracking the square footage of new start of plan implementation). Comparison
eight indicators to track general conditions, retail/commercial space constructed and of this data with data from the 2000 census
although issues of commercial vacancy are less commercial space rehabilitated throughout would indicate whether mobility has
important in this community. the community. increased-a potential indicator of displace-
4. Achievement of targeted image and facility
Specific Plan Objectives improvements. Monitoring a checklist of 2. Availability of affordable rental housing.
key facility improvements: "The Big Lid," Decennial census data on rent distribution
Success in achieving several priority plan objec- viaduct, Chinatown Community Center, will give a timely report of data for 2010,
tives will be tracked through the eight neigh- Franklin Square. though less timely for subsequent periods.
borhood status indicators detailed above. For This data can track the number of rental
instance, successful rehabilitation activities will 5. Streetscape, parking, and open space units with rents below a selected threshold
result in a decrease in property vacancy. improvements. Tracking the dollar invest- of affordability. (Note: Number of affordable
ment in streetscape improvements. Also units is more useful than proportion of
Other indicators of success in achieving plan tracking the square footage of available affordable units, since revitalization may be
objectives would include: public open space. associated with increases in the number of
1. Availability of affordable housing
2. New housing construction and Impacts on Current Residents 3. Business turnover. The annual tracking of
conversion business vacancy in the community (see
3. Expansion of available commercial space One key community concern is whether cur- above) could be extended to collecting an
4. Achieve of targeted image and rent Chinatown residents and businesses bene- annual business roster for year to year com-
community facility improvements: "The fit from the process of revitalization or whether parison. At the annual update, notation
Big Lid," viaduct, Chinatown Community they are displaced for economic reasons. To could be made of the reason for businesses
Center, Franklin Square track these impacts, we recommend three indi- leaving the area to track any economic dis-
5. Investment in streetscape, parking, and cators: placement of current businesses.
open space improvements.
1. Household mobility rate
Specific measurements recommended to track 2. Availability of affordable rental housing
these indicators are: 3. Business turnover.
1. Affordable housing supply. Tracking the Specific measurements recommended to track
number of affordable housing units avail- these indicators are:
able in the neighborhood.
1. Housing mobility rate. This recommended
2. New housing construction and loft conver- measure is likely to be effective only once.
sion. Tracking the number of new housing Decennial census data reports at the block
units constructed and the number of units group level the number of households
provided through loft conversions. residing in the same house as five years pre-
viously. 2010 data would report on house-
3. Commercial space rehabilitation & construc- hold mobility since 2005 (effectively the
Philadelphia Neighborhood Plans