New leaf Services Celebrates  Women’s Month March 2009
Barbara gittings
1932-2007
<ul><li>Barbara Gittings  (July 31, 1932 – February 18, 2007) was a prominent American activist for  gay equality . She or...
<ul><li>Her early experiences with trying to learn more about lesbianism fueled her lifetime work with libraries. In the 1...
<ul><li>She was awarded a lifetime membership in the  American Library Association , and the ALA named an annual award for...
Laurel Hester
1956-2006
<ul><li>Lt.  Laurel Hester  ( August 15 ,  1956  –  February 18 ,  2006 ) was a lesbian  New Jersey  police officer who ro...
<ul><li>Laurel Hester was a 23-year veteran of the  Ocean County  prosecutor's office when she was struck down by rapidly ...
<ul><li>Hester appealed to local authorities to change this policy, and was supported by the local Policemen's Benefit Ass...
<ul><li>On  January 18 ,  2006 , an impassioned videotaped appeal by a weakening Hester from her hospital bed was shown at...
<ul><li>She died on  February 18 ,  2006 , aged 49, in her home in  Point Pleasant, New Jersey . [1] Her battle was docume...
Christine jorgensen
1926-1989
<ul><li>Christine Jorgensen  (born  George William Jorgensen, Jr.  30 May 1926  The Bronx ,  New York City  –, 3 May 1989)...
<ul><li>When he returned to New York after his military service, increasingly concerned over (as one obituary called it) h...
<ul><li>He ended up staying in  Denmark , and under Dr. Hamburger's direction, was allowed to begin  hormone replacement t...
<ul><li>Several years later Jorgensen obtained a  vaginoplasty , when the procedure became available in the U.S., under th...
Barbara jordan
1936-1996
<ul><li>An honors graduate from Texas Southern University, she earned her law degree from Boston University in 1959.  Barb...
<ul><li>Ms. Jordan became the first woman to deliver a keynote address at a political convention in the U.S. when gave the...
<ul><li>She met her partner Nancy Earl on a camping trip in the 1960s. The two were together for more than 20 years. Jorda...
Del Martin & Phyllis Lyon
1921-2008 & 1921-present
<ul><li>Dorothy Louise 'Del' Martin  nee  Taliaferro  (May 5, 1921 – August 27, 2008) and  Phyllis Ann Lyon  (born Novembe...
<ul><li>Martin and Lyon met in 1950, became lovers in 1952, and moved in together on  Valentine's Day  1953 in an apartmen...
<ul><li>Both women worked to form the Council of Religion and Homosexuality (CRH) in northern California to persuade minis...
<ul><li>They were married on  June 16 ,  2008  in the first same-sex wedding to take place in San Francisco after the  Cal...
Gladys Bentley
1907-1960
<ul><li>Gladys Bentley  was a popular Blues singer during The Harlem Renaissance. In the 1920s Harlem was an open and acce...
<ul><li>Bentley almost always dressed in her trademark tuxedo and top hat. She flaunted her sexual orientation and reputat...
<ul><li>Bentley moved to Los Angeles in 1937. There she was harassed by police for wearing men's clothing. She gained a sm...
<ul><li>In the 1950s McCarthyism swept the United States. It was no longer safe to be an &quot;out and proud&quot; lesbian...
<ul><li>Living as an out lesbian was hard for a black woman at that time, but Gladys Bentley did it with pizzazz. She was ...
Presentation created by  Shannon Evans
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New Leaf Services Celebrates Womens Month

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This is a Project I recently created to celebrate &quot;Women\'s Month&quot;

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New Leaf Services Celebrates Womens Month

  1. 1. New leaf Services Celebrates Women’s Month March 2009
  2. 2. Barbara gittings
  3. 3. 1932-2007
  4. 4. <ul><li>Barbara Gittings (July 31, 1932 – February 18, 2007) was a prominent American activist for gay equality . She organized the New York chapter of the Daughters of Bilitis (DOB) from 1958 to 1963, edited the national DOB magazine The Ladder from 1963 to 1966, and worked closely with Frank Kameny in the 1960s on the first picket lines that brought attention to the ban on employment of gay people by the largest employer in the US at that time: the United States government. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Her early experiences with trying to learn more about lesbianism fueled her lifetime work with libraries. In the 1970s, Gittings was most involved in the American Library Association , forming the first gay caucus in a professional organization, in order to promote positive literature about homosexuality in libraries. She was a part of the movement to get the American Psychiatric Association to drop homosexuality as a mental illness in 1972. Her self-described life mission was to tear away the &quot;shroud of invisibility&quot; related to homosexuality that associated it with crime and mental illness. [1] </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>She was awarded a lifetime membership in the American Library Association , and the ALA named an annual award for the best gay or lesbian novel the The Barbara Gittings Award . The Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) also named an activist award for her. At her memorial service, Matt Foreman, the directory of the National Gay & Lesbian Task force said, &quot;What do we owe Barbara? Everything.&quot; [2] </li></ul>
  7. 7. Laurel Hester
  8. 8. 1956-2006
  9. 9. <ul><li>Lt. Laurel Hester ( August 15 , 1956 – February 18 , 2006 ) was a lesbian New Jersey police officer who rose to national attention with her deathbed appeal for the extension of pension benefits to domestic partners . </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Laurel Hester was a 23-year veteran of the Ocean County prosecutor's office when she was struck down by rapidly spreading lung cancer . The cancer metastasized and spread to her brain, and it became clear that she had little time to live. Hester lived with and jointly owned a house with her registered domestic partner , Stacie Andree, who would not be able to afford mortgage payments upon Hester's death. A married heterosexual with Hester's years of police service would be able able to pass on pension benefits to a spouse, but this privilege was not accorded to same-sex domestic partners in Ocean County. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Hester appealed to local authorities to change this policy, and was supported by the local Policemen's Benefit Association. Instead, in a private meeting on November 9 , 2005 , the five Republican county freeholders voted against the proposal, with freeholder John P. Kelly arguing that it threatened &quot;the sanctity of marriage.&quot; On November 23 , a rally of between 100 and 200 supporters gathered to protest the county's inaction. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>On January 18 , 2006 , an impassioned videotaped appeal by a weakening Hester from her hospital bed was shown at a meeting of the freeholders, who then met with county Republican leaders in a teleconference on January 20 . The next day, the freeholders announced that they were reversing their stance, and would meet on January 25 to extend pension benefits to registered domestic partners . </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>She died on February 18 , 2006 , aged 49, in her home in Point Pleasant, New Jersey . [1] Her battle was documented in the 2007 film, Freeheld , winner of the 2008 Academy Award for Best Short Documentary . </li></ul>
  14. 14. Christine jorgensen
  15. 15. 1926-1989
  16. 16. <ul><li>Christine Jorgensen (born George William Jorgensen, Jr. 30 May 1926 The Bronx , New York City –, 3 May 1989) was famous in the USA for having been the first widely-known individual to have sex reassignment surgery —in this case, male to female . </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>When he returned to New York after his military service, increasingly concerned over (as one obituary called it) his &quot;lack of male physical development&quot;, [3] Jorgensen heard about the possibility of sex reassignment surgery, and began taking the female hormone ethinyl estradiol on his own. He researched the subject with the help of Dr. Joseph Angelo, a husband of one of Jorgensen's classmates at the Manhattan Medical and Dental Assistant School. [3] He intended to go to Sweden , where he had found the only doctors in the world performing this type of surgery at the time. At a stopover in Copenhagen to visit relatives, however, Jorgensen met Dr. Christian Hamburger, a Danish endocrinologist and specialist in rehabilitative hormonal therapy. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>He ended up staying in Denmark , and under Dr. Hamburger's direction, was allowed to begin hormone replacement therapy , eventually undergoing a series of surgeries.During this first round of surgeries in Copenhagen, Jorgensen was castrated . According to an obituary, &quot;With special permission from the Danish Minister of Justice, Jorgensen had his testicles removed first and his still-undeveloped penis a year later. Though technically a eunuch, Jorgensen received large doses of hormones, which led to changes in his body contours and fat distribution, and, with help from the American ambassador, had his passport changed to identify him as female and began life as a woman.&quot; </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Several years later Jorgensen obtained a vaginoplasty , when the procedure became available in the U.S., under the direction of Dr. Angelo and a medical advisor Harry Benjamin. [3] Jorgensen chose the name Christine in honor of Dr. Hamburger. She became a spokesperson for transsexual and transgender people. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Barbara jordan
  21. 21. 1936-1996
  22. 22. <ul><li>An honors graduate from Texas Southern University, she earned her law degree from Boston University in 1959. Barbara Jordan was the first African American woman elected to the Texas Senate, winning the election in 1966. She also became the first African American to preside over a legislative body in the United States when she was elected president pro-tempore of the Texas Senate in 1972. When she was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1972, she was the first African American woman to be elected to that body from a Southern state. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Ms. Jordan became the first woman to deliver a keynote address at a political convention in the U.S. when gave the keynote address to the Democratic National Convention in 1976. She was also successful in her efforts to expand the Voting Rights Act to include non-English speakers. When she retired from politics in 1979, she continued to teach at the University of Texas until her death in 1996. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>She met her partner Nancy Earl on a camping trip in the 1960s. The two were together for more than 20 years. Jordan never came out publicly, but her obituary in the Houston Chronicle called Earl her long-time companion. Ms. Jordan was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest award for a civilian, in 1994. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Del Martin & Phyllis Lyon
  26. 26. 1921-2008 & 1921-present
  27. 27. <ul><li>Dorothy Louise 'Del' Martin nee Taliaferro (May 5, 1921 – August 27, 2008) and Phyllis Ann Lyon (born November 10, 1924) were an American lesbian couple known as feminist and gay-rights activists . They were a couple until Del Martin's death on August 27 , 2008 . </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Martin and Lyon met in 1950, became lovers in 1952, and moved in together on Valentine's Day 1953 in an apartment on Castro Street in San Francisco . They had been together for three years when they founded the Daughters of Bilitis (DOB) in San Francisco in 1955, which became the first social and political organization for lesbians in the United States. They both acted as president and editor of The Ladder until 1963, and remained involved in the DOB until joining the National Organization for Women (NOW) as the first lesbian couple to do so. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Both women worked to form the Council of Religion and Homosexuality (CRH) in northern California to persuade ministers to accept homosexuals into churches, and used their influence to decriminalize homosexuality in the late 1960s and early 1970s. They became politically active in San Francisco's first gay political organization, the Alice B. Toklas Democratic Club , which influenced Dianne Feinstein to sponsor a citywide bill to outlaw employment discrimination for gays and lesbians. Both served in the White House Conference on Aging in 1995. </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>They were married on June 16 , 2008 in the first same-sex wedding to take place in San Francisco after the California Supreme Court 's decision in In re Marriage Cases legalized same-sex marriage in California . [3] Martin died from complications of an arm bone fracture in San Francisco . [4] </li></ul>
  31. 31. Gladys Bentley
  32. 32. 1907-1960
  33. 33. <ul><li>Gladys Bentley was a popular Blues singer during The Harlem Renaissance. In the 1920s Harlem was an open and accepting place for gays and lesbians. Bentley began singing at &quot;rent parties&quot; (where party guests paid a small entrance fee toward raising rent money for the hosts) in the 1920s. She was famous for reworking the lyrics of popular songs to be raunchier. Bentley eventually began working at the famous speakeasies of the era. She attracted gay, straight, black and white audiences. </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Bentley almost always dressed in her trademark tuxedo and top hat. She flaunted her sexual orientation and reputation as lesbian. She openly flirted with women in the audience. Bentley was often the subject of gossip columnists, who were intrigued by her race and open lesbian sexuality. Her 'marriage' to a woman from New Jersey was widely publicized. In the 1930s, she headlined at Harlem's Ubangi Club with a chorus of drag performers. </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Bentley moved to Los Angeles in 1937. There she was harassed by police for wearing men's clothing. She gained a small following in the clubs that catered to a gay clientele. Bentley began a long recording career, but her recordings did not include her bawdy lyrics and references to lesbianism. </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>In the 1950s McCarthyism swept the United States. It was no longer safe to be an &quot;out and proud&quot; lesbian. Bentley tried to conceal her lesbianism to save her career, and in 1952 she published an article in Ebony magazine claiming, &quot;I am a woman again.&quot; She claimed she was cured her lesbianism by taking female hormones and was married to a man. </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>Living as an out lesbian was hard for a black woman at that time, but Gladys Bentley did it with pizzazz. She was a trail blazer, tearing down stereotypes and forcing people to SEE her. She died of influenza in 1960. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Presentation created by Shannon Evans
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