1. © 2011 IBM CorporationSmarter Approach to Crime ReductionHelping customers successfully apply IBM’s Smarter Cities principles
2. Smarter Approach to Crime ReductionDefinitions for the purpose of this discussion Smarter System – a system that collects data from a variety of sources (sensor,video, voice, image, other systems), analyzes it, and, based on results, automaticallyresponds with an action based on pre-determined instructions or parameters. Criminal Justice Agencies – Not only the police, but the prosecutor, the courtsprobation, corrections and parole – any agency responsible for the supervision of anoffender
3. Smarter Approach to Crime ReductionProblem Statement: Crime has a significant negative economicimpact on communities Evidence for the United States shows that a 1 per cent increase in a state’s relative crimerate depresses the states share of inward Foreign Direct Investment by 1 per cent. Almost universally, places with lower crime rates are perceived as having higher qualityof life This impacts migration decisions, for both people and businesses, who gravitate to areaswith higher quality of live. Public safety also affects the attractiveness of a location for visitors as the perceivedthreat of crime is taken as a signal for the lack of safety and would-be visitors can chooseto vacation elsewhere. Pension commitments account for up to half of public safety expenses and are rising.Current business models and staffing levels are often not sustainable. The potential exists to improve operational effectiveness and to reduce costs using betterdata, collected, analyzed and applied using proven technologies that are integrated andcombined to build smarter solutions
4. Smarter Approach to Crime ReductionInnovations in crime prevention Use the web to alert communities to potential threats and provide instructions forprotecting themselves and their property - tailor delivery and audience based on recordsdata (homeowners, vehicle registration, etc.) Reduce larcenies in tourist areas by sending instructions and images via twitter or text onhow to secure valuables Video analytics to disrupt crime before it escalates or to help with a rapid apprehension– Flash mob– Larceny from automobile– Combined with gunshot location coordinates, put images of scene on dispatcher’sscreen
5. Smarter Approach to Crime ReductionUsing Data Analytics to Put the Right Resources in the RightPlace with the Right Information Information overload is white noise and gets ignored – BOLO overload– Use analytics to identify high probability areas for crimes to occur and the bestpotential suspects, including their release status– Queue up location information based on address regarding road work en route,residents, weapons in home Next Generation 9-1-1– Incorporating digital content into calls for service operations is a game changer– Volumes of incoming messages could increase exponentially– Use analytics to evaluate, categorize and organize it for presentation to dispatcheror call taker (whose roles will need to adapt) and to acknowledge receipt to thesender. Then store it for retention according to policy
6. Smarter Approach to Crime ReductionReducing Recidivism to Reduce Crime Repeat Offenders (Recidivists) account for a huge percentage of crime – less than 10%of a community population can be responsible for 70% of its crime Supervised release costs less than 5% of incarceration. Caseloads are increasing andincreasing staff may not be affordable. Use risk assessment tools (analytics) that evaluate the offender for supervised releaseand to recommend appropriate conditions of release Use GPS, video conferencing and sensors (proximity or substance) to generate alertsand to make contact when potential violations of conditions of release or threats to thecommunity are detected– GPS monitors both negative and positive behaviors (i.e., offender did not go to workor to a required program; the offender did go to work and complied with curfew– Alerts can be generated automatically based on behaviors, sending text or voicemessages to alert supervising officers, police and potential target or victims(restraining order, proximity to a school or playground) of the offender’s whereabouts
7. Smarter Approach to Crime ReductionSmarter solutions can reduce crime and operational costs All of these technologies exist today and can be integrated into the systems wehave described All of these potential solutions use data and proven technologies to improveprocess performance and to reduce costs They do not require additional personnel and can help Communities reduce crimeusing sustainable and affordable resources.