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Why Citizen Science in Science Centers?   Jennifer Shirk and Rick Bonney Program Development & Evaluation                 ...
What is Citizen Science/    Public Participation in Research?    Organized research in which members of the      public—wh...
Early Citizen Science “projects”    Lighthouse Surveys, 1880      Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 1889               ...
Public Participation in Scientific Research                          Program Development & Evaluation
Models of PPSR                               Contributory   Collaborative    Co-CreatedDefine a question/issueGather infor...
Citizen science learning outcomes      engage critical thinking      (Trumbull et al 2000)      science learning, bonding ...
Citizen science research outcomesdocumenting range shifts(Bonter et al. unpublished data)identifying potential mismatches(...
What Citizen Science Can Do   for Science Centers                  Program Development & Evaluation
Ready-made programming                         Program Development & Evaluation
Family activities  Photo, MLMP photo gallery                              Program Development & Evaluation
Connecting on-site and at-home experiences                                                      Flickr photo, sierraclub  ...
Integrating technology and learning  Phylo:                            Program Development & Evaluation
Bringing alive the “science” in science centers                             Program Development & Evaluation
What Science Centers Can Do    for Citizen Science                  Program Development & Evaluation
Enhance detectability                        Program Development & Evaluation
Address variability over time                                Program Development & Evaluation
Understanding local issues/trendsPublicLaboratory.org                           Program Development & Evaluation
Engaging new audiences                         Program Development & Evaluation
Interpreting data locally                            Program Development & Evaluation
Case Study Collaboration                Program Development & Evaluation
SciencenterIthaca, New York                   NestWatch                   Cornell Lab of Ornithology                      ...
Getting Startedwith Citizen Science  Jennifer Shirk and Rick BonneyProgram Development & Evaluation                      P...
CitizenScience.org                         Citizen science,                         volunteer                         moni...
Toolkit “Steps”           Program Development & Evaluation
Citizen Science           Program Development & Evaluation
Program Development & Evaluation
Toolkit “Steps”           Program Development & Evaluation
Determine audience    • Urban, suburban, rural?• Youth, adults, retirees, families?  • Museums, summer camps,     nature c...
Choose scientific question  • What is the distribution of birds at       North American feeders?• How do clutch sizes of E...
Develop team:scientist/educator/technologist/evaluato                    r                       Must work in true        ...
Develop and test protocols           • Must ensure collection of             useful data (scientist)           • Must be e...
Recruit participants            •   Advertisements            •   Press Releases            •   Direct mail            •  ...
Train participants        •   Research Kits        •   Online support        •   Group leaders        •   Teachers        ...
Accept data/ensure data quality                             •   Paper forms                             •   Scannable form...
Make data availableRequiressophisticatedtechnologicalinfrastructure                              Program Development & Eva...
Analyze and interpret data                  Inc.                  Acid                  Ion                  Dep.Pattern o...
Publish results• Scientific journals•Publications for participants• Popular articles• Reports to government agencies• Mana...
Measure impacts          • Scientific knowledge          • Scientific literacy          • Conservation action          Pro...
Deliberate designShirk et al. submitted, Ecology & Society                                            Program Development ...
Contributory        Collaborative        Co-CreatedOutcomes for:Science                 Data precision and                ...
Starting with the End in Mind       Jennifer Shirk and Rick Bonney     Program Development & Evaluation                   ...
Science centers: “I am able to work withthis kind of programming because it...                               Other        ...
Inputs              Activities            Outputs            Outcomes            Impacts  Project team        Choose a que...
Potential Measures of                                 Impact?                            •Awareness, knowledge, or        ...
KNOWLEDGE• Content? (bird migration)• Process? (data are collected and analyzed)• Careers? (you can be an ornithologist an...
Increase engagement                   ENGAGEMENT     •   Content? (develop bird migration maps)     •   Process? (collect ...
SKILLS • Ask testable questions and design studies? • Collect accurate data? • Analyze and interpret data?47              ...
ATTITUDES•    Toward science? (science can be fun)•    About species? (learn to love pigeons)•    About careers? (I’d like...
Change behaviors                      BEHAVIOR     • Toward science? (participate in project over time)     • About the ou...
Matrix for describing impacts of PPSR  NSF Impact Category                               PPSR Subcategory Knowledge, Aware...
DEVISE•Improve quality and practice of evaluations across the field of citizen science                             Alignin...
Extensions and New Directions       Jennifer Shirk and Rick Bonney     Program Development & Evaluation                   ...
Data interpretationgbbc.birdsource.org/gbbcApps/results                      Program Development & Evaluation
Social Networking            Program Development & Evaluation
Dialog   Hosting challenging conversations(e.g., about climate change or in other contexts of risk)                     (L...
Resources for Individual Research                    Program Development & Evaluation
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Citizen science at informal science education institutions workshop slides

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  • Bringing alive the “science” in science centers
  • The report led to us writing a proposal to the NSFfor DEVISE to Developing, Validating, and Implementing Situated Evaluation Instruments to Assess the Impacts of CSWe have a dream team of expert evaluators, informal science educators, and social science researchers
  • Transcript of "Citizen science at informal science education institutions workshop slides"

    1. 1. Why Citizen Science in Science Centers? Jennifer Shirk and Rick Bonney Program Development & Evaluation Program Development & Evaluation
    2. 2. What is Citizen Science/ Public Participation in Research? Organized research in which members of the public—who may or may not be trained in science—are involved in one or more steps of the research process2 Program Development & Evaluation
    3. 3. Early Citizen Science “projects” Lighthouse Surveys, 1880 Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 1889 NWS Cooperative NAS Christmas Observer Program, Bird Count, 1890 19003 Program Development & Evaluation
    4. 4. Public Participation in Scientific Research Program Development & Evaluation
    5. 5. Models of PPSR Contributory Collaborative Co-CreatedDefine a question/issueGather informationDevelop explanationsDesign data collection methodsCollect samplesAnalyze samplesAnalyze dataInterpret data/concludeDisseminate conclusionsDiscuss results/inquire furtherBonney et al. 2009. CAISE Inquiry Group Report. Program Development & Evaluation
    6. 6. Citizen science learning outcomes engage critical thinking (Trumbull et al 2000) science learning, bonding (Kountoupes and Oberhauser 2008) environmental action; social networks (Overdevest et al. 2004) social capital (Ballard 2008) improved policy (Wing et al. 2008) Program Development & Evaluation
    7. 7. Citizen science research outcomesdocumenting range shifts(Bonter et al. unpublished data)identifying potential mismatches(Batalden et al. 2007)identifying vulnerable species(Crimmins et al 2008, 2009)health planning(Levetin and Van de Water 2008)anticipating effects on water sources(e.g., CoCoRaHS) Program Development & Evaluation
    8. 8. What Citizen Science Can Do for Science Centers Program Development & Evaluation
    9. 9. Ready-made programming Program Development & Evaluation
    10. 10. Family activities Photo, MLMP photo gallery Program Development & Evaluation
    11. 11. Connecting on-site and at-home experiences Flickr photo, sierraclub Flickr photo, 900hp Program Development & Evaluation
    12. 12. Integrating technology and learning Phylo: Program Development & Evaluation
    13. 13. Bringing alive the “science” in science centers Program Development & Evaluation
    14. 14. What Science Centers Can Do for Citizen Science Program Development & Evaluation
    15. 15. Enhance detectability Program Development & Evaluation
    16. 16. Address variability over time Program Development & Evaluation
    17. 17. Understanding local issues/trendsPublicLaboratory.org Program Development & Evaluation
    18. 18. Engaging new audiences Program Development & Evaluation
    19. 19. Interpreting data locally Program Development & Evaluation
    20. 20. Case Study Collaboration Program Development & Evaluation
    21. 21. SciencenterIthaca, New York NestWatch Cornell Lab of Ornithology Program Development & Evaluation
    22. 22. Getting Startedwith Citizen Science Jennifer Shirk and Rick BonneyProgram Development & Evaluation Program Development & Evaluation
    23. 23. CitizenScience.org Citizen science, volunteer monitoring, participatory action research... this site supports organizers of initiatives where public participants are involved in scientific research. Program Development & Evaluation
    24. 24. Toolkit “Steps” Program Development & Evaluation
    25. 25. Citizen Science Program Development & Evaluation
    26. 26. Program Development & Evaluation
    27. 27. Toolkit “Steps” Program Development & Evaluation
    28. 28. Determine audience • Urban, suburban, rural?• Youth, adults, retirees, families? • Museums, summer camps, nature centers, afterschool programs, libraries, retirement homes, church groups, community centers? Program Development & Evaluation
    29. 29. Choose scientific question • What is the distribution of birds at North American feeders?• How do clutch sizes of Eastern Bluebirds vary with latitude? • What is the effect of forest fragmentation on North American tanagers? • Do fake cats keep birds away from feeders? Program Development & Evaluation
    30. 30. Develop team:scientist/educator/technologist/evaluato r Must work in true partnership to ensure both scientific and educational project integrity Program Development & Evaluation
    31. 31. Develop and test protocols • Must ensure collection of useful data (scientist) • Must be easy for participants to understand and follow (educator) Program Development & Evaluation
    32. 32. Recruit participants • Advertisements • Press Releases • Direct mail • Group leaders • Partnerships • Email lists • Listservs Program Development & Evaluation
    33. 33. Train participants • Research Kits • Online support • Group leaders • Teachers Program Development & Evaluation
    34. 34. Accept data/ensure data quality • Paper forms • Scannable forms • Electronic forms • “Smart” forms Program Development & Evaluation
    35. 35. Make data availableRequiressophisticatedtechnologicalinfrastructure Program Development & Evaluation
    36. 36. Analyze and interpret data Inc. Acid Ion Dep.Pattern of Pattern of AcidWood Thrush Ion DepositionDecline Program Development & Evaluation
    37. 37. Publish results• Scientific journals•Publications for participants• Popular articles• Reports to government agencies• Management guidelines Program Development & Evaluation
    38. 38. Measure impacts • Scientific knowledge • Scientific literacy • Conservation action Program Development & Evaluation
    39. 39. Deliberate designShirk et al. submitted, Ecology & Society Program Development & Evaluation
    40. 40. Contributory Collaborative Co-CreatedOutcomes for:Science Data precision and Intermediate accuracy high expectations of data precision and accuracySocial- Decision-making High potential for slow to result prompt decision-ecological makingsystemsIndividuals Low potential for High potential for enhancing enhancing stakeholder stakeholder capacities capacitiesBonney et al. 2009; Danielsen et al. 2009 Program Development & Evaluation
    41. 41. Starting with the End in Mind Jennifer Shirk and Rick Bonney Program Development & Evaluation Program Development & Evaluation
    42. 42. Science centers: “I am able to work withthis kind of programming because it... Other Is supported by partner institutions Is supported by external funding Identify the Addresses regional or national topics of interest outcomesAddresses the needs and interests of the local community Fits well with our institutional that you priorities Fits well with our departmental need to prioritiesFits well with the needs of a target achieve. audience Has a direct connection to my institutions programming Has a direct connection to my institutions exhibits 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Program Development & Evaluation
    43. 43. Inputs Activities Outputs Outcomes Impacts Project team Choose a question Experiences Increased(scientists, supp with science content and Enhanced ort research process scientific andstaff, educators, Design a study process knowledge civic literacyevaluators, tech Increased nologists) Data collection Data Improved engagement and reporting science-society Participanttime, knowledge New skills relationships, skills, interests Analyze and and activities , motivation interpret data Experiences Appreciation for with scientific science and Share and act on content and Enhanced Infrastructure natural world science results environmental for research and contextrecruitment, trai Environmental knowledge Ask new questions ning, and action supportPhillips et al. in press Program Development & Evaluation
    44. 44. Potential Measures of Impact? •Awareness, knowledge, or understanding •Engagement or interestAlan J. Friedman, editor •Skills12 March 2008 •Attitudes •Behaviors •Other Program Development & Evaluation
    45. 45. KNOWLEDGE• Content? (bird migration)• Process? (data are collected and analyzed)• Careers? (you can be an ornithologist and become rich and famous)• Community? (people are watching and enjoying birds all around you) 45 Program Development & Evaluation
    46. 46. Increase engagement ENGAGEMENT • Content? (develop bird migration maps) • Process? (collect data) • Careers? (become an intern) • Community? (attend a community event)46 Program Development & Evaluation
    47. 47. SKILLS • Ask testable questions and design studies? • Collect accurate data? • Analyze and interpret data?47 Program Development & Evaluation
    48. 48. ATTITUDES• Toward science? (science can be fun)• About species? (learn to love pigeons)• About careers? (I’d like to be an ornithologist when I grow up)• About people? (It’s fun to collect data with others)48 Program Development & Evaluation
    49. 49. Change behaviors BEHAVIOR • Toward science? (participate in project over time) • About the outdoors? (spend more time outdoors watching birds) • About community? (Attend community meetings) • Regarding responsibility? (recycling)49 Program Development & Evaluation
    50. 50. Matrix for describing impacts of PPSR NSF Impact Category PPSR Subcategory Knowledge, Awareness,  Science Content (Concepts)  Nature of science  Science Process  Scientific Careers understanding of Engagement or interest in:  Content (concepts)  Scientific Community  Scientific Careers  Project/activity  Nature/environment  Science Process Skills  Asking Questions  Evaluating Results  Study Design  Using Technology  Data Collection, Analysis  Writing Submission, Interpretation, Attitudes Toward  Science Enterprise  Scientific Community  Science Content/theories  Scientific Careers  Project activities  Nature/environment Behaviors  Lifestyle changes  Environmentally  Community involvement responsible behavior  Citizen action  New engagement/ participation Other  Social capital  Economic impacts  Community capacity  Artistic Expression Program Development & Evaluation
    51. 51. DEVISE•Improve quality and practice of evaluations across the field of citizen science Aligning goals & objectives Developing logic models Database of tested scales Case study evaluations Tutorials & resources Support & consultation Research on learning Program Development & Evaluation
    52. 52. Extensions and New Directions Jennifer Shirk and Rick Bonney Program Development & Evaluation Program Development & Evaluation
    53. 53. Data interpretationgbbc.birdsource.org/gbbcApps/results Program Development & Evaluation
    54. 54. Social Networking Program Development & Evaluation
    55. 55. Dialog Hosting challenging conversations(e.g., about climate change or in other contexts of risk) (Leiserowitz 2006) Rational Emotional Analytical Value-based Cognitive Affective Program Development & Evaluation
    56. 56. Resources for Individual Research Program Development & Evaluation

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