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  • Bringing alive the “science” in science centers
  • The report led to us writing a proposal to the NSFfor DEVISE to Developing, Validating, and Implementing Situated Evaluation Instruments to Assess the Impacts of CSWe have a dream team of expert evaluators, informal science educators, and social science researchers

Citizen science at informal science education institutions   workshop slides Citizen science at informal science education institutions workshop slides Presentation Transcript

  • Why Citizen Science in Science Centers? Jennifer Shirk and Rick Bonney Program Development & Evaluation Program Development & Evaluation
  • What is Citizen Science/ Public Participation in Research? Organized research in which members of the public—who may or may not be trained in science—are involved in one or more steps of the research process2 Program Development & Evaluation
  • Early Citizen Science “projects” Lighthouse Surveys, 1880 Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 1889 NWS Cooperative NAS Christmas Observer Program, Bird Count, 1890 19003 Program Development & Evaluation
  • Public Participation in Scientific Research Program Development & Evaluation
  • Models of PPSR Contributory Collaborative Co-CreatedDefine a question/issueGather informationDevelop explanationsDesign data collection methodsCollect samplesAnalyze samplesAnalyze dataInterpret data/concludeDisseminate conclusionsDiscuss results/inquire furtherBonney et al. 2009. CAISE Inquiry Group Report. Program Development & Evaluation
  • Citizen science learning outcomes engage critical thinking (Trumbull et al 2000) science learning, bonding (Kountoupes and Oberhauser 2008) environmental action; social networks (Overdevest et al. 2004) social capital (Ballard 2008) improved policy (Wing et al. 2008) Program Development & Evaluation
  • Citizen science research outcomesdocumenting range shifts(Bonter et al. unpublished data)identifying potential mismatches(Batalden et al. 2007)identifying vulnerable species(Crimmins et al 2008, 2009)health planning(Levetin and Van de Water 2008)anticipating effects on water sources(e.g., CoCoRaHS) Program Development & Evaluation
  • What Citizen Science Can Do for Science Centers Program Development & Evaluation
  • Ready-made programming Program Development & Evaluation
  • Family activities Photo, MLMP photo gallery Program Development & Evaluation
  • Connecting on-site and at-home experiences Flickr photo, sierraclub Flickr photo, 900hp Program Development & Evaluation
  • Integrating technology and learning Phylo: Program Development & Evaluation
  • Bringing alive the “science” in science centers Program Development & Evaluation
  • What Science Centers Can Do for Citizen Science Program Development & Evaluation
  • Enhance detectability Program Development & Evaluation
  • Address variability over time Program Development & Evaluation
  • Understanding local issues/trendsPublicLaboratory.org Program Development & Evaluation
  • Engaging new audiences Program Development & Evaluation
  • Interpreting data locally Program Development & Evaluation
  • Case Study Collaboration Program Development & Evaluation
  • SciencenterIthaca, New York NestWatch Cornell Lab of Ornithology Program Development & Evaluation
  • Getting Startedwith Citizen Science Jennifer Shirk and Rick BonneyProgram Development & Evaluation Program Development & Evaluation
  • CitizenScience.org Citizen science, volunteer monitoring, participatory action research... this site supports organizers of initiatives where public participants are involved in scientific research. Program Development & Evaluation
  • Toolkit “Steps” Program Development & Evaluation
  • Citizen Science Program Development & Evaluation
  • Program Development & Evaluation
  • Toolkit “Steps” Program Development & Evaluation
  • Determine audience • Urban, suburban, rural?• Youth, adults, retirees, families? • Museums, summer camps, nature centers, afterschool programs, libraries, retirement homes, church groups, community centers? Program Development & Evaluation
  • Choose scientific question • What is the distribution of birds at North American feeders?• How do clutch sizes of Eastern Bluebirds vary with latitude? • What is the effect of forest fragmentation on North American tanagers? • Do fake cats keep birds away from feeders? Program Development & Evaluation
  • Develop team:scientist/educator/technologist/evaluato r Must work in true partnership to ensure both scientific and educational project integrity Program Development & Evaluation
  • Develop and test protocols • Must ensure collection of useful data (scientist) • Must be easy for participants to understand and follow (educator) Program Development & Evaluation
  • Recruit participants • Advertisements • Press Releases • Direct mail • Group leaders • Partnerships • Email lists • Listservs Program Development & Evaluation
  • Train participants • Research Kits • Online support • Group leaders • Teachers Program Development & Evaluation
  • Accept data/ensure data quality • Paper forms • Scannable forms • Electronic forms • “Smart” forms Program Development & Evaluation
  • Make data availableRequiressophisticatedtechnologicalinfrastructure Program Development & Evaluation
  • Analyze and interpret data Inc. Acid Ion Dep.Pattern of Pattern of AcidWood Thrush Ion DepositionDecline Program Development & Evaluation
  • Publish results• Scientific journals•Publications for participants• Popular articles• Reports to government agencies• Management guidelines Program Development & Evaluation
  • Measure impacts • Scientific knowledge • Scientific literacy • Conservation action Program Development & Evaluation
  • Deliberate designShirk et al. submitted, Ecology & Society Program Development & Evaluation
  • Contributory Collaborative Co-CreatedOutcomes for:Science Data precision and Intermediate accuracy high expectations of data precision and accuracySocial- Decision-making High potential for slow to result prompt decision-ecological makingsystemsIndividuals Low potential for High potential for enhancing enhancing stakeholder stakeholder capacities capacitiesBonney et al. 2009; Danielsen et al. 2009 Program Development & Evaluation
  • Starting with the End in Mind Jennifer Shirk and Rick Bonney Program Development & Evaluation Program Development & Evaluation
  • Science centers: “I am able to work withthis kind of programming because it... Other Is supported by partner institutions Is supported by external funding Identify the Addresses regional or national topics of interest outcomesAddresses the needs and interests of the local community Fits well with our institutional that you priorities Fits well with our departmental need to prioritiesFits well with the needs of a target achieve. audience Has a direct connection to my institutions programming Has a direct connection to my institutions exhibits 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Program Development & Evaluation
  • Inputs Activities Outputs Outcomes Impacts Project team Choose a question Experiences Increased(scientists, supp with science content and Enhanced ort research process scientific andstaff, educators, Design a study process knowledge civic literacyevaluators, tech Increased nologists) Data collection Data Improved engagement and reporting science-society Participanttime, knowledge New skills relationships, skills, interests Analyze and and activities , motivation interpret data Experiences Appreciation for with scientific science and Share and act on content and Enhanced Infrastructure natural world science results environmental for research and contextrecruitment, trai Environmental knowledge Ask new questions ning, and action supportPhillips et al. in press Program Development & Evaluation
  • Potential Measures of Impact? •Awareness, knowledge, or understanding •Engagement or interestAlan J. Friedman, editor •Skills12 March 2008 •Attitudes •Behaviors •Other Program Development & Evaluation
  • KNOWLEDGE• Content? (bird migration)• Process? (data are collected and analyzed)• Careers? (you can be an ornithologist and become rich and famous)• Community? (people are watching and enjoying birds all around you) 45 Program Development & Evaluation
  • Increase engagement ENGAGEMENT • Content? (develop bird migration maps) • Process? (collect data) • Careers? (become an intern) • Community? (attend a community event)46 Program Development & Evaluation
  • SKILLS • Ask testable questions and design studies? • Collect accurate data? • Analyze and interpret data?47 Program Development & Evaluation
  • ATTITUDES• Toward science? (science can be fun)• About species? (learn to love pigeons)• About careers? (I’d like to be an ornithologist when I grow up)• About people? (It’s fun to collect data with others)48 Program Development & Evaluation
  • Change behaviors BEHAVIOR • Toward science? (participate in project over time) • About the outdoors? (spend more time outdoors watching birds) • About community? (Attend community meetings) • Regarding responsibility? (recycling)49 Program Development & Evaluation
  • Matrix for describing impacts of PPSR NSF Impact Category PPSR Subcategory Knowledge, Awareness,  Science Content (Concepts)  Nature of science  Science Process  Scientific Careers understanding of Engagement or interest in:  Content (concepts)  Scientific Community  Scientific Careers  Project/activity  Nature/environment  Science Process Skills  Asking Questions  Evaluating Results  Study Design  Using Technology  Data Collection, Analysis  Writing Submission, Interpretation, Attitudes Toward  Science Enterprise  Scientific Community  Science Content/theories  Scientific Careers  Project activities  Nature/environment Behaviors  Lifestyle changes  Environmentally  Community involvement responsible behavior  Citizen action  New engagement/ participation Other  Social capital  Economic impacts  Community capacity  Artistic Expression Program Development & Evaluation
  • DEVISE•Improve quality and practice of evaluations across the field of citizen science Aligning goals & objectives Developing logic models Database of tested scales Case study evaluations Tutorials & resources Support & consultation Research on learning Program Development & Evaluation
  • Extensions and New Directions Jennifer Shirk and Rick Bonney Program Development & Evaluation Program Development & Evaluation
  • Data interpretationgbbc.birdsource.org/gbbcApps/results Program Development & Evaluation
  • Social Networking Program Development & Evaluation
  • Dialog Hosting challenging conversations(e.g., about climate change or in other contexts of risk) (Leiserowitz 2006) Rational Emotional Analytical Value-based Cognitive Affective Program Development & Evaluation
  • Resources for Individual Research Program Development & Evaluation