Ec, Olavi Luotonen, Barcelona, 26 March 2010


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Intervención Olavi Luotonen. Comisión europea. Scientific Officer, New Infrastucture Paradigms and Experimental Facilities en las Primeras Jornadas de Centros de Conocimiento. Citilab Cornellà #citilab #joceco

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  • European digital agenda is a proposed action plan for the next Commission, proposed by VR Make definitions at European level for eContract, ePayment, eMoney
  • Complexity is the issue! ++++++++ Google indexed 26 Million pages in 1998 – today it indexes 1 Trillion pages There are currently 210 billion emails per day (73% spam) Oct. 2008, 12.6 billion searches made in US - vs. 13.5 billion videos viewed User generated content (e.g YouTube) produces 73+ billion streams in 2008 Facebook and MySpace each have over 100 million users (3/4 teenagers). 1300 Billion SMS messages in 2008 3.7 Million pictures uploaded every day in Flickr +++++ Mobile Internet take-up pushed by the widespread availability of smart terminals and of broadband mobile networks +50% in 2008; >1 Bn using Mobile as Internet gateway in 2012 Broadband Subscription, 2/3 mobile in 2012 Towards trillions of connected devices, M2M, Internet of objects, novel applications Geo-location as embedded capability Combining virtual world with the physical world
  • Going beyond an “R&D model only” Leveraging early results of running efforts Moving from “technology push” to “market/user” pull Reinforcing the links with key EU policies Engaging bold industrial commitment Bringing users into the picture Involving more closely Member States +++ Meeting the above requirements is key to the success of the Future Internet PPP
  • Result: (a) generic, open and trusted communication and services platform … (standardised and) providing cross sector services through common enablers… Multiple use case scenarios . It is anticipated that Internet-enabled smart infrastructures and processes require at least to capitalise on: Sensor Networks Cloud like service infrastructures Wireless capabilities Information “search/find” type capabilities … . Open to “user” driven innovation through multiplicity of Use Cases – SME Innovation platform.
  • Challenge: seamless, dynamic integration of Sensor Systems in Web Centric Environments
  • Trade-offs
  • Building the Experimental Facility prototype of the FIRE experimental facility open coordinated federation of testbeds large scale experimentation with full user involvement 1/ FIRE Components: operational prototype facility 2/ FIRE Users: open calls Experimentally-driven Research iterative cycles of research, design and large-scale experimentation Future Internet as a complex system (holistic vision) definition of relevant metrics taking into account energy, low cost, environmental or socio-economic aspects
  • Ec, Olavi Luotonen, Barcelona, 26 March 2010

    1. 1. Olavi Luotonen European Commission DG Information Society and Media New Infrastructure Paradigms and Experimental Facilities olavi.luotonen@ec.europa .eu "The views expressed in this presentation are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission" Open Innovation for Future Internet-enabled Services in “Smart” Cities Future Internet PPP Barcelona, 26 March 2010
    2. 2. Source: DETECON Consulting Smart cities - a system of systems
    3. 3. Open & trusted service platforms Trust & Security Platforms Simulation technologies Sensor and RFID Networks Real-time Interaction New business models Internet-enabled services: making the city “smarter” Future Internet Smart Transportation Smart Well-being Smart Retail Smart e-government Smart e-participation Smart Water Management Smart Energy Smart Education Internet based services in Smart Cities Multi-modal user interfaces Location-based technologies
    4. 4. Action space for Living Labs along the technology adoption cycle Action Space for Living Labs User Involvement Enthusiasts Early Adopters (Visionaries) Mainstream Users Public & Private research funding Seed Money Venture Capital Industry Banks Pre-Commercial Gap* Chasm** * MacDonald and Associates, 2004 ** Geoffrey A Moore: Crossing the Chasm, 1999 Fundamental Research Applied Research Demonstration Piloting Service & Product Development Market Living Labs: User-driven open innovation ecosystems involving all relevant players of the value network Business-Citizens-Government Partnerships Early Majority (Pragmatists)
    5. 5. EU RTD & Innovation Programmes related to the Internet <ul><li>FP7 - Challenge 1: Medium to long term research on the Future Internet (technology driven) </li></ul><ul><li>FP7 - Application Challenges: Medium to long term research innovatively using advanced ICT including Future Internet (application pull) </li></ul><ul><li>Future Internet PPP: Short to medium term system level research combining application pull and technology push </li></ul><ul><li>CIP: Accelerating take-up of technologies which come out of the labs and are mature for innovation </li></ul><ul><li>As ecosystems smart cities are important catalysers for the Future Internet PPP and CIP </li></ul>
    6. 6. Motivation for the EC to act under the CIP-PSP Programme <ul><li>New and often “revolutionary” internet technologies are maturing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ready for a new wave of internet-based services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transforming our way of life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fragmented market of island solutions – a barrier for broad take-up </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single solutions in individual cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilots of limited scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fragmented groups of stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for open platforms for internet-based services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Innovation ecosystems can bridge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work well locally in cities or regions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High potential for exploiting synergies across borders </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Relevant Communications (2009) and Reports <ul><li>A Strategy for ICT R&D and Innovation in Europe: Raising the Game </li></ul><ul><li>A public-private partnership on the Future Internet (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Internet of Things – An action plan for Europe </li></ul><ul><li>RISEPTIS Report : ‘Trust in the Information Society’ </li></ul>
    8. 8. Focus and Outcome: three major elements <ul><li>Total budget: 15 M€ </li></ul><ul><li>Several Pilots Type B </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerating the uptake of innovative Internet-based technologies and services in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Apply user-driven open innovation methodologies across networks of smart cities </li></ul><ul><li>One of the pilots dedicated to innovative RFID technologies showing the benefits of Internet of Things type technologies in services of high societal value </li></ul>Cross-border networks of “smart” cities Innovative Internet-based services User-driven open innovation ecosystems
    9. 9. User-driven open innovation ecosystems <ul><li>Bridging the gap between Internet-based technologies and their take-up in new services </li></ul><ul><li>Integral part of local ecosystems while being networked across borders </li></ul><ul><li>Early user engagement in the innovation process </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling PPPPs (Public Private Partnerships including People) </li></ul>
    10. 10. Cross-border networks of smart cities <ul><li>Sharing best practices towards open platforms for new Internet-based services </li></ul><ul><li>Smart living </li></ul><ul><li>Green digital agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Improved citizen involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Open smart city platforms </li></ul>
    11. 11. Innovative Internet-based Services <ul><li>Based on an appropriate combination of advanced Internet technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile and location-based services </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband and high-speed networks </li></ul><ul><li>Internet of Things including sensor networks and RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced protocols and standards (e.g. IPv6) </li></ul><ul><li>Security and privacy management systems </li></ul><ul><li>Multimodal interfaces and 3D technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Modelling and simulation </li></ul><ul><li>. . . </li></ul>
    12. 12. Technologies – examples: Trust, Security and Privacy <ul><li>Global, ubiquitous Future Internet and Web of Services </li></ul><ul><li>Internet of things, objects, virtual and tangible entities </li></ul><ul><li>Need for open and trustworthy platforms for services and applications for Smart Cities </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Contact : dirk.van-rooy (at) </li></ul>
    13. 13. Technologies – examples: Sensors, RFIDs, IoT Networked RFID tags and elements Passive and active tags partially interconnected Simple mobile devices Sensor Networks Interconnected simple and multimodal sensors and actuators Partially built-in intelligence Complex mobile devices Internet of Things Diverse identification technologies (sensors, biometrics, etc.) Intelligent Objects Distributed Intelligent Systems Sophisticated devices, clothes and materials
    14. 14. Conditions and characteristics <ul><li>Pilots should as far as possible build on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>existing advanced city ecosystems and networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>existing services platforms in cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>existing or emerging initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strong involvement of industrial stakeholders, in particular SMEs </li></ul><ul><li>EU funding to be significantly complemented </li></ul><ul><li>3 – 5 cities per pilot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>urban regions with city focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>satellite cities where appropriate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collaboration of all pilots under this objective in a joint working group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to exploit synergies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to disseminate experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to evaluate the “networked living lab approach” </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Expected Impact <ul><li>Stimulating a new wave of Internet-based services using innovative Internet technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Wider uptake of innovation ecosystems in cities through sharing of experiences in “smart” city concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforcing the role of the user/citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Improving capacities for SMEs </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>”… an ambitious European Digital Agenda that takes concrete steps towards the completion of an Online Single Market will be a key element in Europe’s sustainable recovery and social development.” </li></ul>The European Digital Agenda
    17. 17. “ Fibre” Europe Research & Innovation Digital Skills Sustainable Lifestyle Borderless Services & Content Market The European Digital Agenda: drivers Future Internet
    18. 18. The Internet has successfully enabled multiple waves of innovation! But… Novel societal and commercial usages are pushing the original Internet architecture to its limits… Current Internet: issues… <ul><li>Mobility, pervasiveness, scalability </li></ul><ul><li>Data deluge (Web 2.0, P2P, M2M, 3D,…) </li></ul><ul><li>Heterogeneity of devices (e.g. RFIDs, sensors) </li></ul><ul><li>Security, trust, dependability </li></ul><ul><li>QoS for mobile and bb services (video, voice, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity of network management </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
    19. 19. An Internet enabled service economy trends ............. challenges ...... opportunities Reducing costs, carbon, energy footprint Europe to lead the future service economy Delivering tailored services to citizens More flexibility, trust, self-* Clouds becoming reality Wealth of real world data All-connected intelligent objects Service-based business models
    20. 20. The European response: 3-fold action line Push the frontiers of R&D, achieve better coordination Reduce fragmentation, increase critical mass Strengthen industrial leadership, maximise impact on policies Future Internet Assembly Future Internet Forum Future Internet PPP
    21. 21. Trust, Security, Privacy FIRE Future Internet Research & Experimentation Network Architecture and Mobility Content creation and delivery Internet of “Things” Services Architectures FP7–ICT WP 2009-10 - Challenge 1 Objectives <ul><li>Open interactions/cross-fertilization </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing fragmentation of efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Developing common deliverables </li></ul><ul><li>Feeding a research agenda </li></ul>Future Internet scenarios and cross- domain research challenges for FP7 and beyond Improving coordination: Future Internet Assembly ~100 proj., 400M€ funding: growing Working groups Management and architectures Future Content Networks Identity and Trust Real World Internet Usage of Facilities Socio-Economics Service Offer
    22. 22. <ul><li>WG of National ICT Directors </li></ul><ul><li>More than 20 countries represented </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange of experiences on national initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Bridge between EU level and local/regional activities </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic inputs on FI PPP, FP7 WP, … </li></ul>Building a Future Internet European Research Area /
    23. 23. FI PPP: Building industrial leadership beyond R&D Technology push Application Pull FI Platform (holistic/system perspective) Making the world ‘smarter’ and accelerate sustainable innovation <ul><li>+ user-driven </li></ul><ul><li>+ social benefit </li></ul><ul><li>- time to market </li></ul><ul><li>Trade-offs: </li></ul><ul><li>Private/Public </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation </li></ul>EU Policies FP7 WP/CH1, MS Programmes Making Europe a world leader in Future Internet technologies ETPs FP7 WP/CH4-CH7, MS Programmes
    24. 24. Future Internet PPP: focus on a smarter world Smart Energy Smart Living Smart Transport Smart Health General-purpose Communication and Service (Core) Platforms Future Internet Domain- specific Domain- specific Domain- specific Domain- specific Domain- specific Domain- specific
    25. 25. Confluence of 2 broad dimensions Networked objects Web-centric systems Hard real-time Pervasive Mobile/Fixed Active/Passive Sporadic Soft real-time Search Huge volumes of large data Transactional Multimedia Content Huge sets of small data units Addressing Client-Server clean slate / evolutionary smart-* Generic, open, trusted New architectures New use scenarios New platforms
    26. 26. <ul><li>Architectures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Available information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open to integration, evolution (possibly by 3 rd parties) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understandable, shared definition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepted by the various actors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public and open definition process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Markets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open to several possible implementations (including OSS and proprietary) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open market for products and services </li></ul></ul>Implementation approaches Application domains Architectural features Standard specifications OPEN 3-fold dimensions of openness
    27. 27. Integrity End-to-end QOS (latency, performance, reliability,…) ID management User empowerment Trust Assurance Privacy Dependability Built-in security Gobal resource management End-to-end trust Towards end-to-end trust
    28. 28. Federated Network Testbeds Federated Service Testbeds Future Internet Testbeds Research & Experimentation at the core of the FI PPP Test bed 1 Test bed 2 Test bed 3 Test bed 4 Test bed 5 Test bed 6 Test bed 7 Test bed 8 Test bed 9 Test bed 1 Test bed 2 Test bed 3 Test bed 4 Test bed 5 Test bed 6 Test bed 7 Test bed 8 Exp1 Exp3 Exp2 Exp4 Exp5 User Communities <ul><li>Anticipating technology trends </li></ul><ul><li>Assessing business models </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating societal impact </li></ul><ul><li>User-centric development </li></ul><ul><li>Data-intensive experimental research </li></ul>
    29. 29. <ul><li>The PPP on the Future Internet is supported by the European Commission with 300 M€ in 2011-2013, in addition to 200 M€/year invested in long term R&D </li></ul><ul><li>The Commission will develop the work programme, the specific evaluation and the modus operandi of the Future Internet PPP </li></ul><ul><li>The PPP content must be defined by mid-2010 - driving goal: advance Europe's competitiveness in Future Internet technologies and systems and to support the emergence of Future Internet-enhanced applications of public and social relevance </li></ul><ul><li>The Commission will review the possibility of setting a Joint Technology Initiatives in the area of Future Internet </li></ul>FI PPP in a Nutshell (1)
    30. 30. <ul><li>Interoperable, open communication and service platform(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Enable the discovery, creation, manipulation, integration, sharing or delivery of multiple types of services or experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Underpin secure and trusted service provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>Based on optimised combinations of the Networks, Services, Contents, Things… </li></ul><ul><li>Address the massive scalability, complexity, reliability and usability perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Open to large scale trials </li></ul>The PPP in a Nutshell (2)
    31. 31. Building on a Strong Momentum <ul><li>Malta: the worlds first smart grid </li></ul><ul><li>Stockholm: the world first smart traffic system </li></ul><ul><li>Amsterdam: mobility and energy intelligent management </li></ul><ul><li>Malaga: energy intelligent connected grid </li></ul><ul><li>Nice: waste management through capillary nets; </li></ul><ul><li>Paris/Fing: “Villes 2.0” initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Venice: tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Luxembourg </li></ul><ul><li>… . </li></ul><ul><li>Coming soon: Hamburg, Lisbon,… </li></ul>Novel “smart” applications are becoming major test cases for key emerging internet technologies
    32. 32. Building a partnership <ul><li>ICT industries: Operators, software & service providers, equipment manufacturers: e.g. industry core group of 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Research Centres </li></ul><ul><li>Usage area actors in sectors such as healthcare, mobility, environment, energy management, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Public stakeholders - contribution is key (openness requirements, infrastructure support, …) </li></ul><ul><li>End-users to be engaged in the validation phase </li></ul>
    33. 33. <ul><li>Europe can and should take the lead in Future Internet services developments </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination of R&D activities becomes ever more necessary (WP 2011-12, MSs, FI-PPP) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying synergies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aligning projects roadmaps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying new R&D avenues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policy and regulatory actions needed to remove barriers for the take-up of FI technology </li></ul><ul><li>A Future Internet Public Private Partnership must achieve a good balance between technology push and application pull </li></ul>Conclusions Usage Industries have an important role to play
    34. 34. References <ul><li>Living Labs: </li></ul><ul><li>Future of the Internet: </li></ul><ul><li>Riseptis Report (Trust & Security): </li></ul><ul><li>RFIDs, Sensors, IoT: </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Competitiveness and Innovation Programme: </li></ul><ul><li>ICT Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Valencia 13-14/4/2010, Future Internet & Living Labs, ENoLL event: </li></ul><ul><li>Valencia 15-16/4/2010, Future Internet Assembly: </li></ul>