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How UCS Enables Energy-Efficient Data Centers

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  • “When we powered on the Cisco UCS B230M2, VMware Auto Deploy used our PXE boot infrastructure and vSphere host profiles to provision and customize the new server. Because Auto Deploy stores the vSphere 5 OS in memory only, the server is stateless, so no local disk or boot from SAN configuration is required for operation. Stateless servers are preferred from a security point of view because when powered off no persistent data remains on the server. Because there is no configuration on the server, stateless servers are easy to replace.When the vCenter Server system was fully loaded, Auto Deploy added the blade to our virtual desktop cluster. Once added, vCenter Host configured the network, storage, firewall, and advanced features like Cisco VM-FEX. Cisco UCS Service Profiles and VMware Auto Deploy made blade deployment a stateless, scalable, and fully automated process. Figure 3 compares this approach to a traditional blade deployment.”

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  • 1. How Cisco UCS EnablesEfficient Data CentersKevin Egan Cisco SystemsTechnical Marketing ManagerAugust 29th, 2012© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 1
  • 2. “ - Alan Cohen© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 2
  • 3. • Look at newest vender Server solutions?• Compare vendor Power Calculators?• Compare industry power Benchmarks?• Virtualize and Consolidate?• Move to a private Cloud?• Rethink your Entire Architecture?© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 3
  • 4. Flawed System For Comparing Actual Efficiencies • Power Calculators? • Benchmarks? • No Industry Standard means vendors can be as • Measures such as SPECpower_ssj2008 have not liberal/conservative as they please. been updated in 5 years. • Is 20% +/- ok with you? • Narrowly focused incremental max & idle performance without looking at ecosystem Nameplate efficiency. Power Calculator • No allowances for shared resources (Max) Power Calculator (Typical) Actual Power Utilization© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 4
  • 5. IT Energy Operational Costs Lighting UPS 4% Network Storage 8% 14% 23% Transportation Building 25% 25% Fans 8% Total Energy Enterprise IT Equipment Consumption Buildings Heating / Cooling IT Equipment Compute 23% 46% 63% Manufacturing Other 50% 11% Real DC Savings Real Compute Savings  Hot Aisle/Cold Aisle/Containment  Increase Utilization – Made for 100%  Increase Supply Air Temperature  Virtualization and Consolidation  VFD Blowers/Free Cooling  Lean Provisioning/Right Sizing  New Technologies - Flywheel UPS  Reprovision & Repurpose Quickly Sources: Gartner Dataquest, Forecast of IT Hardware Energy Consumption, Worldwide, 2005-2012. and ASHRAE/DoE “Save Energy Now” 2009.© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 5 5
  • 6. Are You Really Searching For The 1% Energy Improvement? •Reduce power by reducing number of components Architecture •Better cooling through simplified design •Industry standard processor and memory CPU and Memory •Offer range of Intel processors, from 60W to 95W •Designed for up to 130W processors •12V power to motherboard reduces conversion loss Infrastructure •High efficiency voltage regulators •SFP+ CU cables reduce power consumption vs 10GBASE-T •High efficiency PSUs that can support up to 130W CPUs •N+1 and N+N redundancy (grid) Power Supply •Single passive power backplane •Single Phase Power •Straight through airflow no bends or turns Cooling •63% open midplane allows directed airflow for optimum cooling •Extensive monitoring and alarming Active thermal •Variable fan speed reacts to thermal output •Sensor data aggregated by mgmt software for entire system monitoring •Zoned Cooling Power •Blade and chassis level power measurement sensors •Thermal sensors on all major components management •Power Capping
  • 7. Rather Than a Laser Focus on Idle Server Power 600 Load Operations Power Operations Fans Active – Idle servers [%] [Ops/s] [W] [Ops/W] consume as much 500 I/O as 50 – 60% of full 100 308,022 269 1145 Chipset load power 400 80 248,304 256 969 Drives 60 186,594 238 784 Load [Watts] 300 Memory 40 123,805 215 575 Fans 200 I/O 20 62,364 189 329 Chipset 100 CPU Drives 10 31,049 174 178 Memory Active – Idle 0 160 0 0 CPU Acitve Idle Active – Idle servers consume as much as 50 – 60% of full Server Status load power Source: Thermal Guidelines for Data Processing Environments, Second Edition, ASHRAE, 2009.© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 7 7
  • 8. Source: Mark Aggar, Microsoft - The IT Energy Efficiency Imperative© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 8
  • 9. Industry Average Server Facilities And Efficient IT Help, But Big Savings Are In Utilization! Utilization < 20% Conversion Distribution Facility Fans, PSU and WastedLosses Losses Losses Overhead DC Losses Cycles 1W of IT Saves 20W-50W 67W 3W 12W 4W 8W Upstream! Power Generation Transmission Data Center IT Equipment Components Computation 4W 3W 100W 33W 30W 18W 14W 6W 2W ?? 1.6W© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 9
  • 10. © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 10
  • 11. LAN SAN Storage Server Network SME SME SME • QoS settings • Border port assignment per vNIC • NIC Transmit/Receive Rate Limiting • FC Fabric assignments for HBAs • Subject matter experts consumed • VLAN assignments for NICs by manual configuration chores • VLAN tagging config for NICs • Number of vHBAs • HBA WWN • Number of vNICs assignments • PXE settings • FC Boot Parameters • Serial processes and multiple • NIC firmware • HBA firmware • Advanced feature settings touches inhibit provisioning speed • Remote KVM IP settings • Call Home behavior • Configuration drift and • Remote KVM firmware maintenance challenges • RAID settings • Server UUID • Disk scrub actions • Serial over LAN settings • Boot order • IPMI settings • BIOS scrub actions • BIOS firmware • BIOS Settings© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 11
  • 12. Servers as a Resource, Awaiting their Identity Every Server Already LAN SAN A Connected to SAN B LAN & SAN Mgmt Any IEEE Compliant LAN Any ANSI T11 Compliant SAN Any ANSI T11 Compliant SAN One Logical Chassis to Manage  LAN Connectivity  Server Identity  SAN Networking Management  Blade Chassis’  Monitoring, Troubl eshooting  Server Blades  Etc.  Rack Servers 160 Servers per UCS Domain, 10,000 Servers with UCSM and UCS Central© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 12
  • 13. Extending Benefits of UCS Manager to Rack Servers Unified Management A Single Unified System UCS Manager For Blade and Rack Servers UCS Service Profile Service Profile: HR_App1 VNIC1Unified Device Management MAC: 08:00:69:02:01:2E HR_WEB_VLAN (ID=50) VNIC2 MAC: 08:00:69:02:01:2F Network Policy HR_DB_VLAN (ID=210) HBA 1 and 2 WWN: 5080020000075740 WWN: 5080020000075741 VSAN ID: 12 Storage Policy Boot Order: SAN BIOS Settings: Turbo On HyperThreading On Server Policy C-Series Rack Optimized B-Series Blade Servers Servers • A major market transformation in unified • Extending fabric computing to rack optimized servers server management • Add capacity without complexity • No management barriers between blades and rack servers© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 13
  • 14. Aligns Workload to Compute, Not the Other Way Around Server Name Unified UUID, MAC, WWN Boot Information Management LAN, SAN Config Firmware Policy Server Name Subject Matter Experts UUID, MAC, WWN 1 Define Policies Boot Information LAN, SAN Config Storage Server Network Firmware Policy SME SME SME Server Name UUID, MAC, WWN Boot Information LAN, SAN Config Firmware Policy Policies Used Server Name UUID, MAC, WWN to Create Boot Information Server Policy… Service Profile LAN, SAN Config Templates Firmware Policy Storage Policy… Network Policy… Server Name UUID, MAC, WWN Virtualization Policy… Boot Information Service Profile Associating Service LAN, SAN Config Templates Profiles with Hardware Firmware Policy Configures Servers Application Profiles… Create Service Profiles Automatically© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 14
  • 15. LAN SANLAN Connectivity OS & Application SAN Connectivity State abstracted from hardware MAC Address Drive Controller F/W UUID BMC Firmware WWN Address NIC Firmware Drive Firmware BIOS Firmware HBA Firmware NIC Settings BIOS Settings HBA Settings UUID: 56 4d cd 3f 59 5b… Boot Order MAC : 08:00:69:02:01:FC WWN: 5080020000075740 Boot Order: SAN, LAN Chassis-1/Blade-2 Chassis-8/Blade-5 • One time, consistent configurations through policies • Server pre-provisioning and rapid physical server migration • Pooling of resources for easy capacity grouping
  • 16. Like a Virtual SIM Card with Server Workload DNA! • Attributes decoupled from hardware components Firmware Boot Device, BIOS, Vlan, QoS,etc • Dynamic Provisioning Database Deploy in minutes, not days ESX • Simplified infrastructure repurposing WWW Touchless server mobility • Open Integration with powerful XML API DataBase Service Profile: ESX-Host Service Profile: DataBase Service Profile: DataBase Service Profile: WebServer Network1: esx_prod Network1: DB_vlan1 Network1: DB_vlan1 Network1: www_prod Network1 QoS: Gold Network1 QoS: Platinum Network1 QoS: Platinum Network1 QoS: Gold MAC : 08:00:69:11:19:EQ MAC :: 08:00:69:02:01:FC MAC 08:00:69:02:01:FC WWN: 08:00:69:10:78:ED MAC : 5080020000074312 WWN: 5080020000075740 WWN: 5080020000075740 Boot Order: LOCAL Boot Order: SAN, LAN Boot Order: SAN, LAN Boot Order: SAN, LAN FW: WebServerBundle FW: ESXHostBundle FW: DataBaseSanBundle FW: DataBaseSanBundle© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 16
  • 17. “During our evaluation there were key things that caught our interest. Things such as workload mobility, stateless compute, and the ability to un- associate the workload. We instantly realized a port density reduction of about 8 to 1. We also began to realize an increased virtual to physical system ratio from the former 4 to 1 to 15 to 1. This allowed us to [increase] the rack density greater than 50% Workload mobility was quite impressive. It took less than 400 milliseconds to move a virtual server from one region to another. Users of virtual desktops wouldnt experience a change when their work was moved. “ http://www.zdnet.com/blog/virtualization/walz-group-a-cisco-ucs-customer-profile/4817© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 17
  • 18. Finally, the fully redundant architecture of the Cisco Unified Computing System minimizes the risk of outages that could interrupt the business. Even if a production server fails, Avago can provision another available server in minutes and then move the applications virtually. In Singapore, the IT team can even swap blade servers between data centers if necessary. Ease of provisioning also positions Avago to respond rapidly to new business opportunities. The company no longer needs to wait days or weeks to procure, configure, and cable new servers. “Before, we adapted our business processes to the constraints of the computing system,” says Bob Rudy, chief information officer of Avago. “Now the Cisco Unified Computing System is lifting that barrier.” http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns340/ns517/ns224/Avago_Case_Study.pdf© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 18
  • 19. • “The use of service profiles allows managers to allocate and reallocate server resources, which the UCS Manager views as “raw computing capacity.” This way, server capacity allocation becomes more dynamic and efficient, with managers able to deploy and reallocate server resources in a matter of minutes.” http://principledtechnologies.com/clients/reports/Cisco/UCS_manageability_0412.pdf© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 19
  • 20. Thank you.
  • 21. Seamlessly Monitor and Manage 10,000 UCS Servers• Standards-based XML API presents bidirectional single interface to entire solution• UCS offers the customers the broadest choice of Cisco or 3rd party management tools UCS UCS Dashboard Central goUCS Automation Tools CDN .NET/PowerShell, Perl XML UCS Platform EmulatorUCS CLI Cisco UCSM UCSM + Multi-UCS Mgmt. Third Party Customer XML API UCSM UCSM UCSM Data Center 1 Data Center 2,3..