WiMAX: Innovative Application in Energy Consumption and Automated Smart Metering
 

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WiMAX: Innovative Application in Energy Consumption and Automated Smart Metering Document Transcript

  • 1. Service Provider Mobility: WiMAX: Innovative Application in Energy Consumption and Automated Smart Metering. Posted by Proscovia Nalweyiso May 18, 2010 On March 16, 2010, the FCC released the National Broadband Plan . Perhaps one of its most important objectives is to deploy broadband internet access to all households in America so that they can subsequently employ efficient energy saving and real time IP- based reporting technologies like Automated Smart Metering. Automated Smart Metering is implemented by using an intelligent system called a Smart grid. A Smart grid is an intelligent system that monitors computerized home utilitie and avails usage reports in a real time manner. This helps to prevent energy leaks while providing efficient use of energy. It is installed at customers homes to read daily power, water, and gas consumption of each and every computerized appliance in real time. It helps to control activities in homes by increasing or decreasing energy consumption during peak periods. It transfers this energy consumption information via 4G WiMAX networks for monitoring and billing purposes. The biggest reason for using WiMAX technology in the smart grid is because of its mobility and high bandwidth capacity,data rates range from 1Mbps to 15Mbps and more depending on the equipment used by the service provider and the Customer Premise Equipment (CPE). According to the Smart Grid Facilitation Act of 2007, “smart grid technologies can provide information about costs, availability, and the ability of given power plants to provide ancillary services to the grid and can record the performance of these facilities in response to those signals”. COMPONENTS AND WORKING OF THE SMART GRID Generated by Jive SBS on 2010-05-25-06:00 1
  • 2. Service Provider Mobility: WiMAX: Innovative Application in Energy Consumption and Automated Smart Metering. Components of Smart Grid include: Automated meter infrastructure (AMI) or Smart Meters(image). AMI helps to record meter readings digitally so the customers can view how much energy their utilities and appliances are consuming on a daily basis. AMIs also transfer this information to government offices when connected via wireless networks. A smart meter is an IP-enabled device designed to be used as “plug n’ play” to make deployment and maintenance simple and cost-effective.  Smart meters inside the home have one IP address, as it relates to the main universal router.  All the meter readings—including water, electricity, and gas—are read by the only concerned billing officials using the authorization code, say A001 for electricity board, A002 for gas company, and A003 for water or another utility that cannot be read from a universal router. [maxwell.com] Distribution automation system: A distribution automation system is a computer system that helps to control the energy flow instantly during the ebb and high demand periods and responds to this demand across the grid system i.e. emergency resilience. Smart Grid Interoperability with Mobile WiMAX: AMIs collect unique data such as meter identity, energy consumption, and time stamps, as well as time synchronization every 15 to 60 minutes. This information is transmitted as IP packets over the wireless network using another universal router fitted as a CPE. The universal router in turn transmits this data to respective energy sources like electrical or water substations through a WiMAX Tower. Generated by Jive SBS on 2010-05-25-06:00 2
  • 3. Service Provider Mobility: WiMAX: Innovative Application in Energy Consumption and Automated Smart Metering. Fig. 2. Image courtesy GridNet.com A WiMAX-based transmitter/receiver, with 360 radical towers, is installed in the backhaul of communications systems to communicate with collection points. They aggregate data from millions of "smart meters", which collect data from homes and transmits to the receivers (explained through next diagram). It acts as router that can connect various networks, products, and languages to build a digital power grid. An IP-based grid router provides a bridge between proprietary smart grid devices from companies. Generated by Jive SBS on 2010-05-25-06:00 3
  • 4. Service Provider Mobility: WiMAX: Innovative Application in Energy Consumption and Automated Smart Metering. Fig. 3 Image courtesy Light River.Com Smart metering is needed for efficiency, reliability and a safe environment.[cpuc.ca.gov/ PUC/energy] Generated by Jive SBS on 2010-05-25-06:00 4
  • 5. Service Provider Mobility: WiMAX: Innovative Application in Energy Consumption and Automated Smart Metering. 1. Reliability and quality: Digital reading in real-time is more accurate and reliable, and it provides quality of energy. It is capable of instantaneously reporting, updating, and billing at the end of a power outage in contrast to other systems that can take weeks to repair and return online. 2. Stability: Prevents power outages and ensures a stable, continuous flow of energy. Notification of power outages, tampering, power quality, remote programmability, and two- way wireless communication. 3. Efficiency: Maximizes energy that reaches the end user thereby providing efficient consumption. 4. Green/Clean environment: It helps to avoid carbon dioxide from being released in air causing global warming and pollution. 5. Remote and automatic control: Customers can effectively control all the utilities of their ‘smart home’ such as lighting, heating devices and gas. Customers can access their bills on demand at any time. All the appliances connected to the smart grid can be controlled in real-time. The reasons mentioned above are a clear descripton of what American people need on the frontier of energy consumption because the predominantly analog current system is no doubt out of rythm with the IP-based digital ecosystem where crystal clearly the 21st century America/world is headed. Automated Smart Metering is the hottest emerging market because its going to improve reliability,flexibility and cost saving on important necessities (utilities) and still promote a green enviroment at the same time.No doubt this businss venture is going to be a cashcow to technology eagle companies like Cisco,Intel.Motorola, imagination at work.Oracle et al [gridnet.net] that plan to get involved,unless they execute their plans wrongly or face many federal constraints. By Prosy.S.Nalweyiso Generated by Jive SBS on 2010-05-25-06:00 5
  • 6. Service Provider Mobility: WiMAX: Innovative Application in Energy Consumption and Automated Smart Metering. [ACK partners Preethi,Lou Ann,Naren,Linsey] 124 Views There are no comments on this post Generated by Jive SBS on 2010-05-25-06:00 6