NCW : Strategic to the Tactical


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Undoubtedly India’s biggest integrated defense event, C4I2 Summit was a two day exclusive event organized from October 18-19, 2011 at the Manekshaw Convention Center in New Delhi with the sole objective of enhancing the defense capabilities of the Indian Armed Forces. By bringing together decision makers from the Indian Army, Navy, Air Force and HQ IDS with senior representatives from the Industry, the Summit served as a platform to enable discussion of the advancements and requirements for Network-Centric technologies within the Defense Forces. It also provided the perfect stage for the Industry to showcase its CSI4 capabilities and offerings for the Armed Forces.
As one of the leaders in the Network solutions space and a key player in the Indian Defense Forces, Cisco participated in this high level event by nominating senior speakers for the conference and by manning a stall in the exhibition area.
Col. (Retd) KPM Das, Vice President, Cisco shared his thoughts and insights on Net-Centric Operations In C4i2: Strategic to the Tactical Level on 18th October while Mr Arif Shouqi, Chief Defense Architect- Asia Pacific, Cisco Systems participated in a high level discussion on Policy And Conduct Of Cyber Security Operations/Joint Services Perspective on 19th October

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NCW : Strategic to the Tactical

  1. 1. NCW : Strategic to the TacticalCol. KPM Das,APAC National Security and Defense Team
  2. 2. Themes for Today• Levels, Elements, Seams, State, Evolution• Themes – Command Push vs Int/Recce Pull – Demand vs Supply at S,O,T – Sharing vs Security – S>>O>>T Architecture – Info Richness vs Info Reach – Collaboration – Command and Staff Attention – Procurement Conundrum• Factors at an Operational Level
  3. 3. Levels in the NCW Context The levels of war are doctrinal perspectives that clarify the links between strategic objectives and tactical actions. There are no finite limits or …it is difficult to decide exactly boundaries between the levels of war where a strategic movement (strategic, operational, and tactical) and ends and a tactical movement the levels of war are not necessarily begins, yet in conception the two associated with specific levels of are distinct. command, size of units, types of Liddell Hart equipment, or types of forces or components. However, certain commands tend to operate at particular levels of war, e.g. Army Commands typically operate at the strategic and operational levels of war while a Corps will typically operate at the operational and tactical levels of war. Actions are strategic, operational, or tactical based on their effect or contribution to achieving strategic, operational, or tactical objectives.
  4. 4. Levels in NCW – Another View CC/CG/CT Ops Inf Ops Air Sp & AD Electronic W LOC ProtectionT ISR Resources Combat ResourcesO Strategic Defence Information Systems andS Networks
  5. 5. NCW – The FootballAnalogy• Few rules and few opportunities to restart play on favorable terms.• Every player to be aware of the field, the person who is controlling the ball, where the ball is on the field, capabilities and positions of own and rival players and dynamic interactions of these factors (if Ronaldinho gets a free kick at 40 yards and below- goal certainty >90%!!• Fresh players taught to play specific, limited roles, standard/copybook situations• Mature players given more freedom, more responsibities…..libero (Roberto Baggi), defender free to attack at own judgement, with an aim to create positional advantage to own team• At the highest level of the game (World Cup), play is fully fluid- moves always complex and changing.• Ability to sense, react and attack with minimal verbal communications (Latin American style)
  6. 6. Elements of NCW
  7. 7. State of the Indian NCW Context S O T Legend
  8. 8. A look At The Seams• Strategic vs Operational vs Tactical Sync (tail wagging the dog)• Systems. – Tactical. Near zero networks. – Operational. Early days, pilots, ltd deployments in ltd Zs. – Strategic. Multiple, but stovepipes• Multiplicity of architectures- networks, radios, supply chains• Arms/ Services silos. Counter-Point •System of Systems •Discrete, disconnected at Strategic level •Mininum compromise on D Day
  9. 9. Levels and Evolution of Net CentricityAir SupportMechanizedFire SupportAir DefenceInfantry OpsElectronic WTactical Operational and Strategic
  10. 10. Theme 1 Command Push vs Recce/ Int Pull
  11. 11. Theme 2 NCW-Demand Vs Supply T Low O Med High S
  12. 12. Bandwidth – We are hereTheme 3 Tactical Lag Operational Lag Strategic
  13. 13. Theme 3 Sharing versus Security“immediate access to the RIGHT information to accomplish the mission.” Information Sharing Information Security Netcentric = The Acceptable Intersection of Information Sharing & Information Security"Achieving Interoperability in a Network Centric Environment" Netcentric = Discoverable + Interoperable + Collaborative + Effective
  14. 14. Transforming Strategic-Operational- Theme 4 Tactical Architectures Connect the Front to the Rear ArmyNet Strategic Core Long Haul Pt to Pt Operational/ TacticalLevel of “Qualities” required Tactical Net Weapons, Sensor, Soldier Systems Services, SWAP & Form Factor unique to the digital divide Space Terrestrial Transport FLOT A set of end-to-end “services” that meet the needs SWAP & Form of the company at one end and can be “serviced by Factors for the Signals across the levels/ echelons Transportability
  15. 15. Theme 5 Info Richness Vs Info Reach Video Pictures Voice Data Anywhere to anywhere?
  16. 16. Theme 6 Collaboration Tools For Different Process Needs Complex S,O, T TelePresence Decisionmaking Application Sharing Video Conferencing S,O, T Email & Voicemail Remote Access groups S,O, T S,O, T Audio S,O, T Conferencing SynchronousAsynchronous Web Collaboration space Instant O, T Calendar Broadcasts Virtual team rooms Messaging S,O S,O S, O, T Communities Information & discussion Simple Information feeds & boards S Sharing repositories S,O, T
  17. 17. Theme 6 Collaboration Connectivity: An NCW Minimum
  18. 18. Theme 6 Collaboration Voice, Data, Video
  19. 19. Theme 7Command and Staff Attention• Bandwidth as much a resource as ammunition• Spectrum as much a resource as weapons• Include separate section in OO• Include equivalent of G6 in Div Staff (Sigs) responsible for bandwidth, spectrum and cyber-security
  20. 20. Theme 8 NCW- Procurement Conundrum
  21. 21. Differentiators at anOperational Level• Jointness and combined arms application requires this model.• Not a substitute for good leadership, makes good leaders make better decisions• Uncertainty management better- calculated risks now possible• Location agnostic command• “Richness” of info helps quality of interactions• Tradeoff- connectivity and network - linearly degraded rear to front.• Bandwidth a high demand resource- requires command attention.• Power requirements increase significantly in battle areas.• Integration with shape-form of the battle vehs and mob platforms.• Training with network-centric- architecture necessary for readiness.
  22. 22. Interplay : Factors at an Operational LevelTheme 3
  23. 23. A Matrix to Evaluate NCW Priorities Strategic Operational TacticalQuality of Organic Information 6/10 8/10 10/10Quality of Individual InformationQuality of NetworkingDegree of Info Share-abilityDegree of Shared InformationSense-makingQuality of Individual Sense-makingDegree of Shared Sense-makingQuality of InteractionsDegree of Decision/ SyncDegree of Actions/ Entities SyncDegree of EffectivenessAgility
  24. 24. Thank YouCol. KPM Das,APAC National Security and Defense Team