- 4, 082 sq. miles or 10, 572 sq. km- “dark island”- located off the coast of Luzon and thenortheast of Palawan- 7th largest island of the Philippines- shares faunal attributes of both islands.- retains its own unique character duringPleistocene- one of the mostseverely deforested islands in the country
General Description- Divided into 2 provinces: Oriental Mindoroand Occidental MindoroClimate in Occidental Mindoro- 2 distinct weather types: rainy season (lateMay to October) and dry season (Novemberto April)Climate in Oriental Mindoro- no distinct dry or wet seasons, averagetemperature ranges from 26 to 32 degreesCelsius.GeographyOccidental Mindoro Oriental Mindoro- mountains, rivers, valleys, hills, wide -Western portion being mountainous orplains and some small fresh water lakes rugged, hills and flood plains in the- Mt. Baco eastern portion- “Bundok ng Susong Dalaga” – Maiden’s - Mt. Halcon (2582 m) and Lake NaujanBreast Mountain (8, 125 ha) which is the 5th largest lake - Rice Granary and Fruit Basket of Southern Tagalog
- one of the world’s most important centers of endemism;- at least 10 species of mammals, 20 species and subspecies of birds, 49 species andsubspecies of butterflies, an undefined number of reptiles, amphibians andfishes, and over 70 species of flowering plants-no local institutional capability to develop or sustain a structured biodiversityconservation program- recognized by the World Conservation Union (IUCN), the World ConservationMonitoring Center (WCMC), Birdlife International (BLI), Fauna & FloraInternational (FFI), Conservation International (CI)- one of the world’s ten highest priority areas for conservation concern
Current Status- top of the mountain ridge that divides the island.- commercial logging ended long enough ago- buffered by secondary forests that have reestablished a closed condition,- again under threat from poaching and kaingin (slash-and-burn)- perennial fires in adjacent grasslands used for pasture are eating into the forest- only 8.5 percent of Mindoro was forested in 1988- Several reserves have been established in Mindoro, beginning in 1936
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