• Is an island country marking the juncture between
the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans.
• Iceland's official written and spoken language is Icelandic,
a North Germanic language descended from Old Norse.
• Population: 321,857
• Total area:103,000 km2
• Is the most sparsely
populated country in Europe.
• The capital and largest city
• It was officially set out on 17 June 1944, the
day Iceland became a republic.
• The cross represents Christianity.
• Red: The fire produced by the island's volcanoes.
• White: The ice and snow that covers Iceland.
• Blue: The mountains in the distance.
• Iceland is closer to continental Europe than to North
America; thus, the island is included in Europe for
historical, political, cultural, and practical reasons.
• Iceland is the world's 18th largest island.
• It’s Europe's second largest island after Great Britain.
• The main island is 101,826 km2
• Lakes and glaciers cover 14.3% of its surface.
• 62.7% is tundra.
• Only 23% is vegetated
• The climate of Iceland's coast is subpolar oceanic.
• Despite its proximity to the Arctic, the island's coasts
remain ice-free through the winter.
• The south coast is warmer, wetter and windier than the
• The Central Highlands are the coldest part of the country.
• Areas in the north are the most arid.
• Snowfall in winter is more common in the north than the
There are around 1,300
known species of
insects in Iceland, which
is low compared with
The animals of Iceland
include the Icelandic
sheep, cattle, chicken, g
oat, the sturdy Icelandic
horse, and the Icelandic
descendants of animals
imported by Europeans.
Wild mammals include
the Arctic Fox, mice,
rats, and rabbits.
Polar bears occasionally
visit the island, travelling
on icebergs from
Plant life consists mainly
The most common tree
native to Iceland is the
When the island was first
settled, it was extensively
overgrazing by sheep
caused a loss of critical
topsoil due to erosion.
Today, three-quarters of
kilometers are affected by
square kilometers were
damaged so seriously as
to be useless.
Cinthia Marlene Núñez Torres 2°B
Thanks for your attention!