Iceland

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Iceland

  1. 1. ICELAND Cinthia Marlene Núñez Torres 2°B
  2. 2. Iceland. • Is an island country marking the juncture between the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. • Iceland's official written and spoken language is Icelandic, a North Germanic language descended from Old Norse. • Population: 321,857 • Total area:103,000 km2 • Is the most sparsely populated country in Europe. • The capital and largest city is Reykjavík.
  3. 3. Flag. • It was officially set out on 17 June 1944, the day Iceland became a republic. • The cross represents Christianity. • Red: The fire produced by the island's volcanoes. • White: The ice and snow that covers Iceland. • Blue: The mountains in the distance.
  4. 4. Geography. • Iceland is closer to continental Europe than to North America; thus, the island is included in Europe for historical, political, cultural, and practical reasons. • Iceland is the world's 18th largest island. • It’s Europe's second largest island after Great Britain. • The main island is 101,826 km2 • Lakes and glaciers cover 14.3% of its surface. • 62.7% is tundra. • Only 23% is vegetated
  5. 5. Climate. • The climate of Iceland's coast is subpolar oceanic. • Despite its proximity to the Arctic, the island's coasts remain ice-free through the winter. • The south coast is warmer, wetter and windier than the north. • The Central Highlands are the coldest part of the country. • Areas in the north are the most arid. • Snowfall in winter is more common in the north than the south.
  6. 6. Animals. There are around 1,300 known species of insects in Iceland, which is low compared with other countries The animals of Iceland include the Icelandic sheep, cattle, chicken, g oat, the sturdy Icelandic horse, and the Icelandic Sheepdog, all descendants of animals imported by Europeans. Wild mammals include the Arctic Fox, mice, rats, and rabbits. Polar bears occasionally visit the island, travelling on icebergs from Greenland.
  7. 7. Plants. Plant life consists mainly of grassland. The most common tree native to Iceland is the Northern Birch. When the island was first settled, it was extensively forested. Deforestation, climatic deterioration and overgrazing by sheep caused a loss of critical topsoil due to erosion. Today, three-quarters of Iceland's hundred thousand square kilometers are affected by soil erosion. Eighteen thousand square kilometers were damaged so seriously as to be useless.
  8. 8. Iceland English Mr. Renteria Cinthia Marlene Núñez Torres 2°B Thanks for your attention!

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