TRUST VS MISTRUST (BIRHT TO YEAR 1)•Children begin to learn the ability to trust othersbased upon the consistency of their caregivers.•If trust develops successfully, the child gainsconfidence and security in the world around him orher and is able to feel secure even when threatened.
AUTONOMY VS SHAME AND DOUBT (1 TO 3 YEARS)•Children begin to assert their independence, bywalking away from their mother, choosing which toyplay with and making choices about what they like towear, to eat …
AUTONOMY VS SHAME AND DOUBT (1 TO 3 YEARS)•If children are cristicised, overly controlled or notgiven the opportunity to assert themshelves, theybegin to feel inadequate in their ability to survive,and may then lack self-esteem,and feel a sense ofshame or doubt in their own abilities.
INITIATIVE VS GUILt (3 TO 6 YEARS)•Children assert themshelves more frequently. Theybegin to plan activities, make up games and initiateactivities with others.•Children developt a sense of initiative, and feelsecure in their ability to lead others and makedecisions.
INDUSTRY VS INFERIORITY (6 TO PUBERTY)•Children begin to developt a sense of pride in theiraccomplishments. They initiate projects, see themthrough to competition and feel good about whatthey have achieved.
IDENTITY VS ROLE CONFUSION (ADOLESCENCE:12-18 YEARS)•Children/young people are becoming moreindependent, and begin to look at the future interms of career,relationships,families…•They explore possibilities and begin to form theirown identity.
INTIMACY VS ISOLATION (YOUNG ADULTHOOD:20s)•People explore relationships leading towardslonger-term commitments with someone other thana family member.•Successful completion can lead to comfortablerelationships and sense of commitent, security, andcare within a relationship.
GENERATIVITY VS STAGNATION (MATURE ADULTHOOD: LATE 20s TO 50s)•People establish careers, settle down within arelationship, begin their own families and develop asense of community.
EGO INTEGRITY VS DESPAIR (OLD AGE:50s AND BEYOND)•People comtemplate their accomplishments and areable to develop integrity if they see themshleves asleading a successful life.
VIDEOYou can watch that video:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PxwWr6T_O6s
QUESTIONS1. What do children to learn in the stage from 3 to 6 years?: a) gains security b)initiate projects c)assert their independece d) explore possibilities
2. Why is autonomy important for children developt?: a)they make choices b)they initiate projects c)they begin to form their own identity d)they establish careers
3. When people begin their own families?: a) Mature adulthood b)Old age c)Puberty d)Adolescence
4. When people contemplate their accomplishments?: a) Mature adulthood b)Old age c)Puberty d)Adolescence