The industrial revolution
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  • 1. The Industrial Revolution By Ciera Johnson
  • 2. Industrial Revolution It was in the late 18th and 19th centuries that brought the introduction of machinery, the use of steam power, with the growth of factories, and the mass production of goods. It began in Britain then spread to Western Europe, Japan, the United States, to the rest of the world.
  • 3. UrbanizationIt was a shift when more people moved to moreurban areas than small rural areas.There was a migration of people from rural tourban during the Industrial Revolution.The cottage industry was a industry that workedfrom their homes.People moved out ofrural areas to work infactories to make money.They didn’t want todepend on the food andproducts they made.
  • 4. Agricultural RevolutionAgricultural Revolution lead to the IndustrialRevolution by providing the skills and tools tomake machinery. People didn’t have to dependon their crops and move forward. Crop rotation was literally that. Crops were rotated in the same area, and replanted by different types of crops every time.
  • 5. Steam EngineIn 1775 Thomas Savery invented thesteam engine, but later James Wattimproved and took credit for thesteam engine.It provided a reliable source of powerto factories and shipping.
  • 6. TextilesTextiles were the firstcommodity to boom in therevolution. It was an industrythat involved making yarn,cloth and cloths.Eli Whitney invented thecottonThe cotton gin, steam engine,and the loom helped the textileindustry really boom.
  • 7. Bessemer ProcessIt was a steel making process waresilicon, carbon, and otherimpurities are washed away to getthe iron.Henry Bessemer came up with thisprocess.This made the manufacturing ofsteel much cheeper.
  • 8. PasteurizationLouis Pasteur was a French chemistand a microbiologist who inventedpasteurization. It killed dangerousbacteria in milk to make it safer todrink and sell.
  • 9. Thomas Edison He invented the light bulb, the phonograph, and the kinetoscope. He had 1093 patents. I readily absorb ideas from every source, frequently starting where the last person left off.
  • 10. RomanticismIt was a movement in literature and arts thatoriginated in the late 18th century,emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and theprimacy of the individual.Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne