Vertebrates
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Vertebrates

on

  • 317 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
317
Views on SlideShare
317
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Vertebrates Vertebrates Presentation Transcript

  • VERTEBRATES
  • VERTEBRATES FISH AMPHIBIANS REPTILES BIRDS MAMMALS
  • 1. FISH • Fish are aquatic vertebrates that can live in salt water and fresh water. • They have fins. • The body is covered by scales. • They breathe through gills. • They have swim bladder. It’s a sac of gas to stay afloat. • TYPES OF FISH: – Bony fish: They have a bony skeleton. Ex: Sardine, tuna, hake. – Cartilaginous fish: They have a cartilaginous skeleton. Ex: Sharks, rays and manta rays.
  • PARTS OF A BONY FISH
  • 2. AMPHIBIANS • Amphibians are vertebrates capable of living in terrestrial and humid environments. • They usually have four limbs. • They often have webbed feet. • They are ectotherms. • They breathe through lungs, gills and skin. TYPES OF AMPHIBIANS: • Anura: They don’t have a tail. Ex: Frog, toad. • Urodela: They have a tail. Ex: Salamander, newt.
  • 3. REPTILES • Reptiles are vertebrates animals which live on land, but some live in water. • They always have a tail. • They have four limbs. (except snakes) • The skin is covered by scales. • They breathe through lungs. • They are cold-blooded. • TYPES OF REPTILES • Turtles: They have aq shell. • Lizards: Ex: Iguanas, Chameleons • Snakes: They don’t have legs. They can be are poisonous. • Crocodiles: They are the biggest reptiles.
  • 4. BIRDS • Birds are flying vertebrates. They can live on the ground or on water. • They have two limbs called wings. • They have hollow and light bones. • They have a corneus beak. • The body is covered with feathers. • The lungs have some extensions called air sacs. The air sacs help them to fly and breathe. • They are endothermic. TYPES OF BIRDS Perching birds, fowl, running birds, swimming birds, wading birds and birds of prey.
  • 5. MAMMALS • They have four limbs adapted to fly,swim,run… • The skin is covered by hair or fur. • Most of them are viviparous. • They are endothermal. • They breathe through lungs. • Females feed their babies through their mammary glands. TYPES OF MAMMALS • Monotremes: They are oviparous. Ex: platypus, echidna. • Marsupials: The babies develop inside the marsupium. Ex: kangaroo, koala bear. • Placental mammals: The embryo develops in the mother’s uterus. Ex: cat, dog, human being.
  • VERTEBRATES FISH AMPHIBIANS REPTILES BIRDS MAMMALS BONY CARTILAGINOUS WITH TAILS WITHOUT TAILS TURTLES LIZARDS SNAKES CROCODILES PERCHING FOWL UNGULATES CARNIVORES CETACEANS SWIMMING RUNNERS BIRDS OF PREY WADING PRIMATES